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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532810/species-level-identification-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus-spp-from-buffalo-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-and-cydb-real-time-quantitative-pcr
#1
Lucas J L Pizauro, Camila C de Almeida, Glenn A Soltes, Durda Slavic, Oswaldo D Rossi-Junior, Fernando A de Ávila, Luiz F Zafalon, Janet I MacInnes
Incorrect identification of Staphylococcus spp. can have serious clinical and zoonotic repercussions. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine if matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and/or cydB real- time quantitative PCR (qPCR) could be used to accurately identify coagulase negative Staphylococcus spp. (CoNS) obtained from buffalo milk and milking environment samples. Seventy-five of 84 CoNS isolates could be identified to the species level (score value >1...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521273/rapid-discovery-of-cyclopamine-analogs-from-fritillaria-and-veratrum-plants-using-lc-q-tof-ms-and-lc-qqq-ms
#2
Yuan Du, Zu-Guo Zheng, Yue Yu, Zi-Tian Wu, Dan Liang, Ping Li, Yan Jiang, Hui-Jun Li
Cyclopamine, an inhibitor of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway, has been paid much attention in treating a wide variety of tumors. However, isolation and purification of cyclopamine analogs from medicinal plants remain challengeable. We herein proposed an efficient strategy using liquid chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS) and liquid chromatography triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-QqQ-MS) for rapid screening and targeted isolation of cyclopamine analogs in Fritillaria and Veratrum plants...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518008/latent-presentation-of-decompression-sickness-after-altitude-chamber-training-in-an-active-duty-flier
#3
James Gentry, Juan Rango, Jianzhong Zhang, Shane Biedermann
BACKGROUND: Decompression sickness (DCS) is a potential danger and risk for both divers and aircrew alike. DCS is also a potential side effect of altitude (hypobaric) chamber training as well and can present long after training occurs. Literature review shows that altitude chamber induced DCS has approximately a 0.25% incidence. CASE REPORT: A 32-yr-old, active duty military member developed symptoms of DCS 3 h after his hypobaric chamber training. Unfortunately, he did not seek treatment for DCS until 48 h after the exposure...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513568/using-uplc-ms-ms-for-characterization-of-active-components-in-extracts-of-yupingfeng-and-application-to-a-comparative-pharmacokinetic-study-in-rat-plasma-after-oral-administration
#4
Meng-Qi Jia, Ye-Juan Xiong, Yun Xue, Yan Wang, Chao Yan
Yupingfeng (YPF), a famous traditional Chinese medicine, which contains a large array of compounds, has been effectually used in health protection. A two-dimensional liquid chromatography (²D-LC) combined with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (QTOF-MS) method was firstly established to separate and identify chemical components in YPF. A total of 33 compounds were identified, including 15 constituents (flavonoids and saponins) in Astragali radix; seven constituents (sesquiterpenoids and polysaccharide) in Atractylodis rhizoma; and 11 constituents (chromone and coumarins) in Saposhnikoviae radix...
May 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510736/go-no-go-decision-in-anaesthesia-wide-variation-in-risk-tolerance-amongst-anaesthetists
#5
P R Greig, H E Higham, J L Darbyshire, C Vincent
Background: The variability in risk tolerance in medicine is not well understood. Parallels are often drawn between aviation and anaesthesia. The aviation industry is perceived as culturally risk averse, and part of preflight checks involves a decision on whether the flight can operate. This is sometimes termed a go/no-go decision. This questionnaire study was undertaken to explore the equivalent go/no-go decision in anaesthesia. We presented anaesthetists with a range of situations in which additional risk might be expected and asked them to decide whether they would proceed with the case...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508381/visualization-of-metallodrugs-in-single-cells-by-secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#6
REVIEW
Kui Wu, Feifei Jia, Wei Zheng, Qun Luo, Yao Zhao, Fuyi Wang
Secondary ion mass spectrometry, including nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), has emerged as a powerful tool for biological imaging, especially for single cell imaging. SIMS imaging can provide information on subcellular distribution of endogenous and exogenous chemicals, including metallodrugs, from membrane through to cytoplasm and nucleus without labeling, and with high spatial resolution and chemical specificity. In this mini-review, we summarize recent progress in the field of SIMS imaging, particularly in the characterization of the subcellular distribution of metallodrugs...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499205/comparative-metabolomics-analysis-for-the-compatibility-and-incompatibility-of-kansui-and-licorice-with-different-ratios-by-uhplc-qtof-ms-and-multivariate-data-analysis
#7
Juan Shen, Zong-Jin Pu, Jun Kai, An Kang, Yu-Ping Tang, Li-Li Shang, Gui-Sheng Zhou, Zhen-Hua Zhu, Er-Xin Shang, Shao-Ping Li, Yu-Jie Cao, Wei-Wei Tao, Shu-Lan Su, Li Zhang, Huiping Zhou, Da-Wei Qian, Jin-Ao Duan
Kansui, the root of Euphorbia kansui T.N. Liou ex T.P. Wang (Euphorbiaceae), is a well-known poisonous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, many monographs of TCM indicated that it cannot be co-used with licorice, as kansui-licorice is a typical "eighteen incompatible" medicaments. Our previous studies have indicated that kansui was effective in treating malignant pleural effusion (MPE), and the efficacy could be weakened by the co-use of licorice, even causing serious toxicity at the given ratio. Nevertheless, the actual mechanisms of their dosage-toxicity-efficacy relationship need to be well clarified...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495086/cell-line-studies-and-analytical-measurements-of-three-paclitaxel-complex-variations
#8
Thomas Manning, Sydney Plummer, Rechelle Woods, Greg Wylie, Dennis Phillips, Logan Krajewski
The copper(II) cation, sucrose, and hydroxychloroquine were complexed with the chemotherapy agent paclitaxel and studied for medicinal activity. Data (GI50, LD50) from single dose and five dose National Cancer Institute sixty cell line panels are presented. Analytical measurements of different complexes were made using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ((1)H NMR), Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight-Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and Fourier Transform-Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR). Molecular modeling is utilized to better understand the impact that species could have on physical parameters associated with Lipinski's Rule of Five, such as logP and TPSA...
April 22, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493542/dynamic-changes-of-metabolite-accumulation-in-scrophulariae-radix-based-on-lc-ms-ms-combined-with-multivariate-statistical-analysis
#9
Shengnan Wang, Yujiao Hua, Ying Lin, Lisi Zou, Xunhong Liu, Ying Yan, Hui Zhao, Yiyuan Luo, Juanxiu Liu
Scrophulariae Radix is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines. The harvesting time of Scrophulariae Radix is closely related to the quality of products in this traditional Chinese medicine. The goal of the study is to analyze the dynamic changes of metabolite accumulation in Scrophulariae Radix. The difference of constituents in Scrophulariae Radix harvested at different times was analyzed by liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole-time of flight tandem mass spectrometry coupled with principal component analysis and partial least-square discriminant analysis...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486473/an-activity-integrated-strategy-of-the-identification-screening-and-determination-of-potential-neuraminidase-inhibitors-from-radix-scutellariae
#10
Wei Liu, Huilin Wang, Bo Zhu, Chengqian Yin, Shuyang Chen, Jin Li, Xie-An Yu, John Teye Azietaku, Mingrui An, Xiu-Mei Gao, Yan-Xu Chang
Small molecules isolated from herbal medicines (HMs) were identified as the potential neuraminidase inhibitors which are effective in influenza prevention and treatment. Unfortunately, current available screen methods of small molecules isolated from HMs are inefficient and insensitive. Here a novel Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with diode-array detectors and auto-fraction collector / time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-DAD-FC/Q-TOF-MS) screening method with high efficiency was developed and validated to separate, collect, enrich, identify and quantify potential neuraminidase inhibitors from Radix Scutellariae...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485887/metabolomics-approach-based-on-uhplc-q-tof-ms-to-identify-the-chemical-constituents-of-the-traditional-chinese-er-zhi-pill
#11
Xunlong Zhong, Yanmei Zhong, Kangqi Yan, Xuerong Xiao, Lian Duan, Ruolun Wang, Laiyou Wang
Er-Zhi-Pill, which consists of Ligustri lucidi fructus and Ecliptae prostratae herba, is a classical traditional Chinese medicinal formulation widely used as a liver-nourishing and kidney-enriching tonic. To identify the bioactive ingredients of Er-Zhi-Pill and characterize the variation of chemical constituents between codecoction and mix of individually decocted L. lucidi fructus and E. prostratae herba, a novel metabolomics approach based on ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry in both positive and negative ion modes, was established to comprehensively analyze chemical constituents and probe distinguishable chemical markers...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470792/super-resolution-intracranial-quiescent-interval-slice-selective-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#12
Ioannis Koktzoglou, Robert R Edelman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the combination of nonenhanced quiescent-interval slice-selective (QISS) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with super-resolution reconstruction for portraying the intracranial arteries. METHODS: The intracranial arteries of seven volunteers were imaged at 3T using QISS MRA acquired with a flow-compensated fast low-angle shot (FLASH) readout and thin overlapping slices. The impacts of super-resolution reconstruction and various acquisition parameters on the delineation of intracranial arteries were quantified using four metrics: arterial-to-background contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), arterial-to-background contrast, arterial sharpness, and arterial full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM)...
May 3, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468304/rapid-quantification-and-quantitation-of-alkaloids-in-xinjiang-fritillaria-by-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#13
Aziz Mohammat, Abulimiti Yili, Haji Akber Aisa
The Fritillaria genus, including different kinds of medicinal and edible plants belonging to the Liliaceae family which have the function of treating and relieving a cough and eliminating phlegm, is widely planted in Xinjiang (China). There are few comprehensive studies reporting on the characterization of the chemical constituents of Fritillaria from Xinjiang, and to date, no work describing the quantitative differences between the components in Fritillaria from Xinjiang and related species. The purpose of this study was to develop qualitative and quantitative analytical methods by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS) for the rapid quantification and quantitation of alkaloids in wild and cultivated Xinjiang Fritillaria, which could be used in the quality control of medicine based on this natural herb...
May 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468295/chemical-comparison-of-two-drying-methods-of-mountain-cultivated-ginseng-by-uplc-qtof-ms-ms-and-multivariate-statistical-analysis
#14
Xin-Fang Xu, Shu-Ya Xu, Ying Zhang, Hui Zhang, Meng-Nan Liu, Huan Liu, Yan Gao, Xue Xue, Hui Xiong, Rui-Chao Lin, Xiang-Ri Li
In traditional Chinese medicine practice, drying method is an essential factor to influence the components of Chinese medicinal herbs. In this study, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS)-based approach was used to compare the content of chemical compounds of mountain cultivated ginseng that had been natural air dried (LX-P) and vacuum freeze-dried (LX-L). Multivariate statistical analysis such as principal component analysis (PCA) and supervised orthogonal partial least squared discrimination analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to select the influential components of different samples...
April 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463725/screening-allergic-components-of-yejuhua-injection-using-lad2-cell-membrane-chromatography-model-online-with-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-ion-trap-time-of-flight-mass-spectrum-system
#15
Yanni Lv, Jia Fu, Xianpeng Shi, Zhiwei Yang, Shengli Han
Yejuhua (YJH) injection is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injection and has a widely application in clinical practice. However, adverse drug reactions (ADRs) caused by YJH injection, majorly manifested as allergic reactions, have been reported. Hence, Effective and practical method for allergen screening and identification is needed. In this work, a LAD2/CMC model coupled online with HPLC-IT-TOF-MS system was developed to screen, analyze, and identify the allergenic components of YJH injection. A fraction was retained on the LAD2/CMC column, and identified as linarin (LN)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448890/metabolic-profiles-of-neotuberostemonine-and-tuberostemonine-in-rats-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#16
Yongbin Tong, Weitong Xu, Yan Wu, Liting Ou, Mian Zhang, Xianghong Xu, Chaofeng Zhang
Neotuberostemonine (NS) and tuberostemonine (TS), a pair of stereoisomers, are the active components contained in Stemona tuberosa, an antitussive herbal medicine in China. Two isomers have different pharmacological efficacies, which will be related with their in vivo disposition. However, the metabolic fates of NS and TS remain unknown. A method of high performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry coupled with mass detect filter technique was established to investigate the metabolites in rat plasma, bile, urine, and feces after oral administration of the equal doses of NS and TS...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445407/application-of-uhplc-esi-q-tof-ms-to-identify-multiple-constituents-in-processed-products-of-the-herbal-medicine-ligustri-lucidi-fructus
#17
Hui Li, Weifeng Yao, Qinan Liu, Jia Xu, Beihua Bao, Mingqiu Shan, Yudan Cao, Fangfang Cheng, Anwei Ding, Li Zhang
Ligustri Lucidi Fructus (LLF), the fruit of Ligustrum lucidum Ait. (Oleaceae), has been used as a common herbal medicine in clinical practice in China for nearly 2000 years. In most cases, LLF is prescribed in decoctions in the form of processed products rather than crude drugs. In this study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS) method was established for rapid separation and identification of multiple constituents in the 80% methanol extract of processed-LLF...
April 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433874/systematically-characterize-the-absorbed-effective-substances-of-wutou-decoction-and-their-metabolic-pathways-in-rat-plasma-using-uhplc-q-tof-ms-combined-with-a-target-network-pharmacological-analysis
#18
Tengfei Xu, Shizhe Li, Yufei Sun, Zifeng Pi, Shu Liu, Fengrui Song, Zhiqiang Liu
Wu-tou Decoction (WTD) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula which is applied to treat arthritis and pain of joints. In this study, a sensitive and rapid method was developed for the separation and identification of the absorbed constituents and metabolites of WTD in the rats plasma by ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS). A total of 22 absorbed prototype constituents and 49 metabolites were identified or tentatively characterized in dosed plasma...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432819/identification-of-bioactive-compounds-in-shaoyao-gancao-decoction-using-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-affinity-chromatography
#19
Zehua Li, Haiyang Gao, Jiangying Li, Yajun Zhang
Shaoyao-Gancao decoction, a Chinese herbal formula, is composed of Paeoniae Radix alba and Glycyrrhiza Radix et rhizoma. It has been widely used to treat muscle spasms and asthma. However, little is known about the bioactive components of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction. In the present study, the bioactive compounds in water-extract of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction were separated by the immobilized β2 -adrenoceptor affinity column and identified using quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The affinity constants of the separated compounds that bind to β2 -adrenoceptor were determined by frontal analysis...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432774/comprehensive-two-dimensional-pc-3-prostate-cancer-cell-membrane-chromatography-for-screening-anti-tumor-components-from-radix-sophorae-flavescentis
#20
Qiang Wang, Junnan Xu, Xiang Li, Dawei Zhang, Yong Han, Xu Zhang
Radix Sophorae flavescentis is generally used for the treatments of different stages of prostate cancer in China. It has ideal effects when combined with surgical treatment and chemotherapy. However, its active components are still ambiguous. We devised a comprehensive two-dimensional PC-3 prostate cancer cell membrane chromatography system for screening anti-prostate cancer components in Radix Sophorae flavescentis. Gefitinib and dexamethasone were chosen as positive and negative drugs respectively for validation and optimization the selectivity and suitability of the comprehensive two-dimensional chromatographic system...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
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