Read by QxMD icon Read


Boman Chen, Min Cheng, Siqi Hong, Shuang Liao, Jiannan Ma, Tingsong Li, Li Jiang
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical outcome and evolution of recurrent afebrile seizures in children initially diagnosed with benign convulsions associated with mild gastroenteritis (CwG). METHODS: We reviewed and analyzed the medical records of 37 patients who were diagnosed as CwG at onset, followed by recurrent afebrile seizures and followed up for at least 24 months. RESULTS: The follow-up period ranged from 2 to 7 years (median, 40.1 months)...
May 30, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Brandon M Kistler, Jagdish Khubchandani, Gina Jakubowicz, Kenneth Wilund, Jacob Sosnoff
INTRODUCTION: Falls are among the leading causes of injury and death among adults aged 65 or older. People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of falling and of having a serious injury from falls. However, information is limited about risk factors for falls and fall-related injuries among people with CKD. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 157,753 adults (6.1% with CKD) aged 65 or older surveyed in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
June 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Raffaele Pastore, Marco Uttieri, Giuseppe Bianco, Maurizio Ribera d'Alcalá, Maria Grazia Mazzocchi
Suspensions of small planktonic copepods represent a special category in the realm of active matter, as their size falls within the range of colloids, while their motion is so complex that it cannot be rationalized according to basic models of self-propelled particles. Indeed, the wide range of individual variability and swimming patterns resemble the behaviour of much larger animals. By analysing hundreds of three-dimensional trajectories of the planktonic copepod Clausocalanus furcatus, we investigate the possibility of detecting how the motion of this species is affected by different external conditions, such as the presence of food and the effect of gravity...
June 25, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Samuel Phillips, Anurag Agarwal, Peter Jordan
This paper details an investigation into the characteristic 'plink' sound produced by water droplets impacting a liquid surface, such as those falling from a dripping tap. Modern high-speed video and audio capture techniques have been applied to this problem for the first time. Previous literature investigating the underwater sound produced has been validated, with the key sound producing feature both above and below the water confirmed to be the entrainment of a small underwater air bubble. Recorded sound frequencies have been shown to align with the theoretical natural oscillation frequency of the entrained bubble, confirming this to be the driver of the characteristic 'plink' sound...
June 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kathryn Millar, Suha Patel, Meghan Munson, Linda Vesel, Shalini Subbiah, Rachel M Jones, Sarah Little, Aris T Papageorghiou, Jose Villar, Mary Nell Wegner, Nick Pearson, Faith Muigai, Catherine Ongeti, Ana Langer
BACKGROUND: The burden of preterm birth, fetal growth impairment, and associated neonatal deaths disproportionately falls on low- and middle-income countries where modern obstetric tools are not available to date pregnancies and monitor fetal growth accurately. The INTERGROWTH-21st gestational dating, fetal growth monitoring, and newborn size at birth standards make this possible. OBJECTIVE: To scale up the INTERGROWTH-21st standards, it is essential to assess the feasibility and acceptability of their implementation and their effect on clinical decision-making in a low-resource clinical setting...
June 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Kees Okkersen, Cecilia Jimenez-Moreno, Stephan Wenninger, Ferroudja Daidj, Jeffrey Glennon, Sarah Cumming, Roberta Littleford, Darren G Monckton, Hanns Lochmüller, Michael Catt, Catharina G Faber, Adrian Hapca, Peter T Donnan, Gráinne Gorman, Guillaume Bassez, Benedikt Schoser, Hans Knoop, Shaun Treweek, Baziel G M van Engelen
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is the most common form of muscular dystrophy in adults and leads to severe fatigue, substantial physical functional impairment, and restricted social participation. In this study, we aimed to determine whether cognitive behavioural therapy optionally combined with graded exercise compared with standard care alone improved the health status of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1. METHODS: We did a multicentre, single-blind, randomised trial, at four neuromuscular referral centres with experience in treating patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 located in Paris (France), Munich (Germany), Nijmegen (Netherlands), and Newcastle (UK)...
June 18, 2018: Lancet Neurology
Laurent Bonnemains, Anne Sophie Guerard, Paul Soulié, Freddy Odile, Jacques Felblinger
Background The relative modification of the myocardial volume between end-systole and end-diastole ([Formula: see text]) has already been assessed with different methods and falls in a range of 0.9-0.97 (mean value = 0.93). Purpose To estimate [Formula: see text] from the three longitudinal ([Formula: see text], circumferential ([Formula: see text]), and radial ([Formula: see text]) strains of the left ventricle using the formula: [Formula: see text] and to test whether this estimate of [Formula: see text] can be used as a marker of the echocardiography quality...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Timothy Mott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Family Medicine
Enza Fazio, Antonio Speciale, Salvatore Spadaro, Martina Bonsignore, Francesco Cimino, Mariateresa Cristani, Domenico Trombetta, Antonella Saija, Fortunato Neri
Tailored colloids of uniformly sized and engineered molybdenum oxide nanoparticles were produced, for the first time, by pulsed laser ablation in water. This green technique ensures the formation of contaminant-free nanostructures and the absence of by-products, very useful issues in biological applications. A selective tuning of MoO chemical bonding configurations and a suitable control of nanoparticles size distributions were achieved during the ablation processes by varying the water temperature and by applying an external electric field...
June 18, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Caio Luiz Dos Santos, André Froes de Borja Reis, Paulo Mazzafera, José Laércio Favarin
Rice feeds 50% of the world’s population. Flooding is the most common irrigation system used for growing rice, a practice responsible for a large amount of water loss. Climate changes may affect water availability in irrigated agriculture, and it will be necessary to develop more sustainable irrigation practices. The aim of this work was to determine, in controlled conditions, the threshold when water potential begins to decrease plant growth. Two independent greenhouse experiments were conducted during middle summer and fall, in order to validate the results for high and low evapotranspiration conditions...
June 22, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Conran Joseph, Breiffni Leavy, Sara Mattsson, Lynn Falk, Erika Franzén
BACKGROUND: Translating evidence into practice requires adaptation to facilitate the implementation of efficacious interventions. A novel highly challenging balance training program (HiBalance) was found to improve gait, balance, and physical activity in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) in an earlier randomized controlled trial. This study aimed to describe the adaptation process and feasibility of implementing the HiBalance program for PD within primary healthcare settings. METHOD: Feasibility was assessed in terms of study processes and scientific evaluation...
June 21, 2018: Brain and Behavior
D Weyhe, V N Uslar, C Mählmeyer, H Oehlers
BACKGROUND: Guidelines aim to standardize treatment concepts based on evidence from the literature and may thus be viewed as collegial support; however, there is a lack of clarity about the legal relevance and legal validity of international guidelines compared to the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF) recommendations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted on German AWMF guidelines and on international guidelines for inguinal hernia in adults...
June 21, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Isatou K Jallow, John Britton, Tessa Langley
Introduction: Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of death, and kills about 7 million people annually. As smoking prevalence is falling in developed countries, tobacco businesses are turning to low and middle-income countries (LMICs) to generate new tobacco markets. To prevent young people from initiating smoking and becoming regular smokers it is important to understand the causes of susceptibility to smoking. In this study we report a nationwide survey of the prevalence and risk factors of smoking susceptibility among students aged 12-20 in The Gambia...
June 20, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Andy C M Chan, Deborah A Jehu, Marco Y C Pang
Background: Individuals with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) often experience pain and reduced balance control, which may predispose them to greater fall risk. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and circumstance of falls and fall-related risk factors within a 6-month follow-up period in individuals after TKA. Design: This study was a prospective cohort study. Methods: Knee proprioception, the Balance Systems Evaluation Test, knee pain, knee extension and flexion muscle strength, knee range of motion, and balance confidence were evaluated in 134 individuals (39 men, 95 women; mean age = 66...
June 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Mengni Chen, Paul S F Yip
Over the past few decades, the level of divorce, measured by the crude divorce rate (CDR), has increased dramatically in both the East and the West, but has recently appeared to fall or level off in some countries. To investigate whether the recent decline or stabilisation of the CDRs reflects the real trends in divorce risk, a decomposition analysis was conducted on the changes in the CDRs over the past 20 years on two western and three East Asian countries, namely, the UK, Australia, Taiwan, South Korea, and Singapore...
2018: Asian Population Studies
Anubha Bhatti, Gursatinder Singh
BACKGROUND: To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy and safety of brimonidine (0.2%), brimonidine purite (0.15%), and brimonidine purite (0.1%) in patients of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients of POAG with IOP >21 mmHg were enrolled into this study for 6-week duration. The patients were randomly divided into three groups with 20 patients in each group. Group A instilled brimonidine 0.2%, Group B instilled brimonidine purite 0...
May 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
X F Xu, Q Chen, Y P Zhao, X Y Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current situation of the activities of daily living (ADL) of the aged at home in western China, and to analyze its influencing factors so that we can improve the quality of life and pension services of elderly people. METHODS: The elderly people who came from Qinghai Province, Ningxia Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Shanxi Province, Guizhou Province, Guangxi Province, Sichuan Province, Yunnan Province and Chongqing were surveyed by questionnaires...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Fabian Plachel, Gundobert Korn, Sejla Abdic, Philipp Moroder
In the field of traumatic shoulder dislocations, this report of a 61-year-old female patient discusses the case of an acute locked superior shoulder dislocation in conjunction with a chronic rotator cuff arthropathy resulting from a low-energy fall on the outstretched and abducted arm. Radiological assessment revealed a complex combination of associated bony injuries including a fracture of the upper part of the glenoid and an impaction fracture of the inferior articular surface of the humeral head. Closed reduction and immobilisation were not successful in obtaining joint stability...
June 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Vardaman M Buckalew
Endogenous digitalis-like factor(s), originally proposed as a vasoconstrictor natriuretic hormone, was discovered in fetal and neonatal blood accidentally because it cross-reacts with antidigoxin antibodies (ADAs). Early studies using immunoassays with ADA identified the digoxin-like immuno-reactive factor(s) (EDLF) in maternal blood as well, and suggested it originated in the feto-placental unit. Mammalian digoxin-like factors have recently been identified as at least two classes of steroid compounds, plant derived ouabain (O), and several toad derived bufodienolides, most prominent being marinobufagenin (MBG)...
June 29, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
Adam Cheng, Vinay M Nadkarni, Mary Beth Mancini, Elizabeth A Hunt, Elizabeth H Sinz, Raina M Merchant, Aaron Donoghue, Jonathan P Duff, Walter Eppich, Marc Auerbach, Blair L Bigham, Audrey L Blewer, Paul S Chan, Farhan Bhanji
The formula for survival in resuscitation describes educational efficiency and local implementation as key determinants in survival after cardiac arrest. Current educational offerings in the form of standardized online and face-to-face courses are falling short, with providers demonstrating a decay of skills over time. This translates to suboptimal clinical care and poor survival outcomes from cardiac arrest. In many institutions, guidelines taught in courses are not thoughtfully implemented in the clinical environment...
June 21, 2018: Circulation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"