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Ya Liang Wang, Yu Ping Zhang, Jing Xiang, Lei Wang, Hui Zhe Chen, Yi Kai Zhang, Wen Qian Zhang, De Feng Zhu
In this study, three rice varieties, including three-line hybrid indica rice Wuyou308 and Tianyouhuazhan, and inbred indica rice Huanghuazhan were used to investigate the effects of air temperature and solar radiation on rice growth duration and spikelet differentiation and degeneration. Ten sowing-date treatments were conducted in this field experiment. The results showed that the growth duration of three indica rice varieties were more sensitive to air temperature than to day-length. With average temperature increase of 1 ℃, panicle initiation advanced 1...
November 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, William R Doucette
The objectives of the study were to identify the incidence rate and characteristics of adverse drug events (ADEs) in nursing homes (NHs) using the ADE trigger tool and to evaluate the relationships between resident and facility work system factors and incidence of ADEs using the System Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model. The study used 2 observational quantitative methods, retrospective resident chart extraction, and surveys. The participating staff included Directors of nursing, registered nurses, certified nurse assistants (CNAs)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
U Kiltz, X Baraliakos, B Buehring, J Braun
The combination of physiological age-related changes (e. g. reduction in muscle mass and function, reduction in organ function and degenerative changes in joints) and disease-specific changes of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), make older AS patients vulnerable for additional diseases. In this patient population various processes lead to a reduction in physical function, changes in posture, osteoporosis and sarcopenia, which then can result in falls and fractures, especially vertebral fractures. Mortality is increased in patients with AS, particularly in men due to an increase in cardiovascular mortality...
April 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
J Moyet, G Deschasse, B Marquant, P Mertl, Frédéric Bloch
BACKGROUND: While there is a general consensus of the impact of an orthogeriatric organisation in terms of elderly patient mortality post hip fracture, it is unclear which, among these various care models, is the most optimal. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken using the keywords "Femoral fractures or total hip replacements or Accidental, falls" and "Aged, 80 and over" and "Mortality". The review is presented following PRISMA guidance...
April 24, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Tamara Ben-Ari, Julien Boé, Philippe Ciais, Remi Lecerf, Marijn Van der Velde, David Makowski
In 2016, France, one of the leading wheat-producing and wheat-exporting regions in the world suffered its most extreme yield loss in over half a century. Yet, yield forecasting systems failed to anticipate this event. We show that this unprecedented event is a new type of compound extreme with a conjunction of abnormally warm temperatures in late autumn and abnormally wet conditions in the following spring. A binomial logistic regression accounting for fall and spring conditions is able to capture key yield loss events since 1959...
April 24, 2018: Nature Communications
Kevin R Clark
Earthquakes are a devastating phenomena of nature, causing significant destruction and extensive damage. Most earthquake-related injuries result from collapsing buildings, flying debris, and falling objects. Medical imaging modalities, in particular digital radiography, computed tomography, and sonography, are used to help manage and treat patients injured during an earthquake. Therefore, health care providers, including radiologic technologists, must be aware of the imaging considerations associated with earthquake-related injuries...
March 2018: Radiologic Technology
Lijun Wang, Xunjie Cheng, Peng Yin, Peixia Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C Schwebel, Jiangmei Liu, Jinlei Qi, Maigeng Zhou, Guoqing Hu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological characteristics and recent trends in unintentional drowning at the national level in China are unreported. METHODS: Using data from the Disease Surveillance Points system, the overall, sex-, location-, age- and cause-specific age-standardised mortality from unintentional drowning in China were calculated and compared. Linear regression was used to examine the significance of mortality trend changes over time. RESULTS: The average mortality was 4...
April 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Martin Marziniak, Giampaolo Brichetto, Peter Feys, Uta Meyding-Lamadé, Karen Vernon, Sven G Meuth
Despite recent advances in multiple sclerosis (MS) care, many patients only infrequently access health care services, or are unable to access them easily, for reasons such as mobility restrictions, travel costs, consultation and treatment time constraints, and a lack of locally available MS expert services. Advances in mobile communications have led to the introduction of electronic health (eHealth) technologies, which are helping to improve both access to and the quality of health care services. As the Internet is now readily accessible through smart mobile devices, most people can take advantage of eHealth apps...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Julie Élize Guérin, Maxime Charles Paré, Sylvain Lavoie, Nancy Bourgeois
Knowledge of the quantity and the type of residual household waste (RHW) generated by a population within a given territory is essential for developing affordable, effective, and sustainable management strategies for waste. This study aims to accurately describe the composition of residential residual materials collected directly from households over the course of a year. Household waste was collected from urban and rural sectors that were representative of the study territory. Samples were collected during the winter, summer, and fall of 2014...
April 21, 2018: Waste Management
W J Choi, S N Robinovitch
Improved understanding is required of how the mechanics of the fall affect hip fracture risk. We used a hip impact simulator to determine how peak stresses at the femoral neck were affected by pelvis impact angle, hip abductor muscle force, and use of a wearable hip protector. We simulated falls from standing (2 m/s impact velocity) involving initial hip abductor muscle forces of 700 or 300 N. Trials were acquired for impact to the lateral aspect of the greater trochanter, and impact to the pelvis rotated 5°, 10° and 15° anteriorly (positive) or posteriorly (negative)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Musa Ekici, Berat Cem Ozgur, Aykut Bugra Senturk, Ismail Nalbant
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a correlation between seasonal temperature change and frequency of testicular torsion. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Departments of Urology, Hitit University Corum Training and Research Hospital, Corum and Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from June 2005 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Patients who had been diagnosed with testicular torsion and operated in the last 10 years were retrospectively reached through the hospital records...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Yanira Ruiz-Heredia, Beatriz Sanchez-Vega, Santiago Barrio, María Linares, Inmaculada Rapado, Esteban Braggio, Keith Stewart, M Dolores Folgueira, Ana Ramos, Luis Collado, Juan Ruiz, Oscar Toldos, Aurelio Hernandez-Lain, Joaquin Martinez-Lopez
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy rarely occurs in patients with multiple myeloma. Intracranial central nervous system invasion is also an uncommon event in multiple myeloma, occurring in less than 1% of cases. We describe herein an exceptional case of coexisting progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and intraparenchymal central nervous system myeloma infiltration. A 73-year-old woman with relapsed multiple myeloma was treated with 15 cycles of lenalidomide and dexamethasone, but therapy had to be stopped because of a hip fracture after a fall...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Jennifer Howcroft, Edward D Lemaire, Jonathan Kofman, William E McIlroy
Wearable sensors could facilitate point of care, clinically feasible assessments of dynamic stability and associated fall risk through an assessment of single-task (ST) and dual-task (DT) walking. This study investigated gait changes between ST and DT walking and between older adult prospective fallers and non-fallers. The results were compared to a study based on retrospective fall occurrence. Seventy-five individuals (75.2 ± 6.6 years; 47 non-fallers, 28 fallers; 6 month prospective fall occurrence) walked 7...
April 21, 2018: Sensors
Nikolai Yunakov, Vitalij Nazarenko, Rostislav Filimonov, Semyon Volovnik
The fauna of weevils Curculionoidea of Ukraine numbers 1453 species equivalent to 25.3% of European fauna. They belong to 10 families and 364 genera. A total of 51 species are recorded from Ukraine for the first time. Assessment of inventory completeness indicates that 62% of the area of Ukraine are covered by samples. Spatial join analysis has reveals strong collecting biases and shows maximal richness in cells which fall into well-sampled provinces. A total of 22 out of 33 studied model sites are well-sampled (C>0...
April 5, 2018: Zootaxa
Claudia Bozzaro, Jan Schildmann
Palliative sedation is an increasingly used and, simultaneously, challenging practice at the end of life. Many controversies associated with this therapy are rooted in implicit differences regarding the understanding of "suffering" as prerequisite for palliative sedation. The aim of this paper is to inform the current debates by a conceptual analysis of two different philosophical accounts of suffering, (1) the subjective and holistic concept and (2) the objective and gradual concept and by a clinical-ethical analysis of the implications of each account for decisions about palliative sedation...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Kakuya Niihata, Shingo Fukuma, Yoshimune Hiratsuka, Koichi Ono, Masakazu Yamada, Miho Sekiguchi, Koji Otani, Shinichi Kikuchi, Shinichi Konno, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related fractures are a major public health problem among the older adults. Although objective measures of poor vision have been reported to be associated with falls, the association of self-reported visual function and vision-specific quality of life (QOL) with falls has been inconsistent across several studies. We investigated the association of self-reported visual function and vision specific QOL with falls in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using the baseline data from participants of the Locomotive Syndrome and Health Outcome in Aizu Cohort Study (LOHAS), which is an ongoing population-based cohort study to evaluate the association of physical dysfunction with the clinical outcomes in community-dwelling people...
2018: PloS One
Peter Civáň, Terence A Brown
BACKGROUND: Models for the origins of cultivated rice currently fall into two groups: ones that identify independent domestications of the indica, japonica and possibly also the aus types, and others that propose that the domestication phenotype was initially acquired by japonica, the underlying alleles then transferred by introgression to other pre-domesticated populations, giving the indica and aus varieties. Identifying the impact of past gene flow on cultivated rice genomes is therefore crucial to distinguishing between these models and understanding the domestication history of rice...
April 23, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
M Mahbubur Rahman, Eunmok Kim, Dongmok Kim, Mohammad M H Bhuyain, Un Taek Lim
BACKGROUND: An aggregation pheromone trap has been used for both monitoring and mass-capture of Riptortus pedestris (Fabricius) in soybean. As the trap's efficacy in reducing the pest population and crop damage is unknown, we evaluated it in small experimental soybean plots by using both before/after and with/without design and also verified it in commercial soybean fields. RESULTS: In experimental plots, the numbers of all R. pedestris on plants counted in plot were not affected by the trap installation until mid August...
April 24, 2018: Pest Management Science
S Sentürklü, D G Landblom, R Maddock, T Petry, C J Wachenheim, S I Paisley
In a 2-yr study, spring-born yearling steers (n = 144), previously grown to gain < 0.454 kg·steer-1·d-1, following weaning in the fall, were stratified by BW and randomly assigned to three retained ownership rearing systems (3-replications) in early May. Systems were: 1) feedlot (FLT), 2) steers that grazed perennial crested wheatgrass (CWG) and native range (NR) before feedlot entry (PST), and 3) steers that grazed perennial CWG and NR, and then field pea-barley mix (PBLY) and unharvested corn (UC) before feedlot entry (ANN)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Bettina M Pucher, Oana A Zeleznik, Gerhard G Thallinger
Integrative analysis aims to identify the driving factors of a biological process by the joint exploration of data from multiple cellular levels. The volume of omics data produced is constantly increasing, and so too does the collection of tools for its analysis. Comparative studies assessing performance and the biological value of results, however, are rare but in great demand. We present a comprehensive comparison of three integrative analysis approaches, sparse canonical correlation analysis (sCCA), non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) and logic data mining MicroArray Logic Analyzer (MALA), by applying them to simulated and experimental omics data...
April 23, 2018: Briefings in Bioinformatics
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