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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036615/monitoring-of-cerebral-oximetry-during-head-up-tilt-test-in-adults-with-history-of-syncope-and-orthostatic-intolerance
#1
E Bachus, H Holm, V Hamrefors, O Melander, R Sutton, M Magnusson, A Fedorowski
Aims: We applied near-infrared-spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure absolute frontal cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) during head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients investigated for unexplained syncope. Methods and results: Synchronized non-invasive beat-to-beat haemodynamic monitoring, ECG, SctO2 (NIRS; normal range: 60-80%), and peripheral oxygen saturation (left hand, SpO2) were applied during HUT in a random sample of patients with unexplained syncope. Tracings of 54 patients (mean-age: 55 ± 19 years, 39% male) with negative HUT, vasovagal syncope (VVS), or orthostatic hypotension (OH) were analysed...
September 28, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036453/heath-sector-network-governance-and-state-building-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#2
Aembe Bwimana
Longstanding patterns of interaction exist between state and non-state actors seeking to improve public health in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC is a weak state, and, in many cases, private actors have stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of state health care provision. However, the role of these interactions in creating a governance network in the health sector has been underexplored. Using data from 18 months of qualitative field research, this study aimed to explore governance networks in DRC's health sector, examining how multiple stakeholders work to manage the health system and how the resulting governance network has been relevant for the state-building process...
October 5, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036180/real-and-visually-induced-body-inclination-differently-affect-the-perception-of-object-stability
#3
Rafael Laboissière, Pierre-Alain Barraud, Corinne Cian
The prediction of object stability on earth requires the establishment of a perceptual frame of reference based on the direction of gravity. Across three experiments, we measured the critical angle (CA) at which an object appeared equally likely to fall over or right itself. We investigated whether the internal representation of the gravity direction, biased by either simulated tilt (rotating visual surround) or real body tilt situations, influences in a similar fashion the judgment of stability. In the simulated tilt condition, the estimated CA and the perceived gravity are both deviated in the same direction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036100/short-pulse-laser-beam-beyond-paraxial-approximation
#4
Pierre Favier, Kevin Dupraz, Kevin Cassou, Xing Liu, Aurélien Martens, Cheikh Fall Ndiaye, Themistoklis Williams, Fabian Zomer
Nonparaxial perturbative equations are derived from the scalar wave equation by taking into account spatiotemporal couplings. General solutions are obtained in Fourier space and further transformed back in direct space. They depend on parameters that can be used to match various boundary conditions and the perturbative expansion of any nonparaxial exact solutions. This parametrization is used to study the sensitivity of direct electron acceleration off an ultrashort tightly focused laser pulse to nonparaxial corrections of radially polarized electromagnetic fields...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036006/blood-perfusion-in-human-eyelid-skin-flaps-examined-by-laser-speckle-contrast-imaging-importance-of-flap-length-and-the-use-of-diathermy
#5
Cu Dinh Nguyen, Jenny Hult, Rafi Sheikh, Kajsa Tenland, Ulf Dahlstrand, Sandra Lindstedt, Malin Malmsjö
PURPOSE: It is well known that blood perfusion is important for the survival of skin flaps. As no study has been conducted to investigate how the blood perfusion in human eyelid skin flaps is affected by the flap length and diathermy, the present study was carried out to investigate these in patients. METHODS: Fifteen upper eyelids were dissected as part of a blepharoplastic procedure, releasing a 30-mm long piece of skin, while allowing the 5 mm wide distal part of the skin to remain attached, to mimic a skin flap (hereafter called a "skin flap")...
October 11, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035986/long-term-outcome-of-mini-open-surgical-decompression-for-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-forearm-in-professional-motorcycling-riders
#6
Giorgio Gondolini, Paolo Schiavi, Francesco Pogliacomi, Francesco Ceccarelli, Tommaso Antonetti, Michele Zasa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate results of mini-open fasciotomy (MOF) in high-level motorcycling or motocross riders with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) at long-term follow-up (minimum 5 years). DESIGN: Case series. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV. SETTING: University Hospital/Private Practice. PATIENTS: Fifty-four professional motorcycling riders treated with MOF for a CECS of the forearm from January 2006 to June 2011...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#7
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035906/effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-delirium-screening-prevention-and-treatment-initiative-on-the-rate-of-delirium-falls-in-the-acute-care-setting
#8
Alice Ferguson, Karina Uldall, Jessica Dunn, Christopher Craig Blackmore, Barbara Williams
Delirium is a potentially modifiable fall risk factor, but few studies address the effects of delirium programs on falls. Beginning in 2011, we implemented a nursing-driven hospitalwide delirium program targeting improvements in risk identification, prevention, detection, and treatment. Over the course of the program, delirium falls decreased from 0.91 to 0.50 per patient day (P = .0002). A decrease in overall falls was also noted (P = .0007).
October 13, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035795/can-poly-parameter-linear-free-energy-relationships-pp-lfers-improve-modelling-bioaccumulation-in-fish
#9
Shizhen Zhao, Kevin C Jones, Andrew J Sweetman
A wide range of studies have characterized different types of biosorbent, with regard to their interactions with chemicals. This has resulted in the development of poly-parameter linear free energy relationships (pp-LFERs) for the estimation of partitioning of neutral organic compounds to biological phases (e.g., storage lipids, phospholipids and serum albumins). The aims of this study were to explore and evaluate the influence of implementing pp-LFERs both into a one-compartment fish model and a multi-compartment physiologically based toxicokinetic (PBTK) fish model and the associated implications for chemical risk assessment...
October 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035638/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-gait-trainer-in-increasing-the-functionality-of-individuals-with-motor-impairment-a-case-series
#10
Eitan Raveh, Isabella Schwartz, Naama Karniel, Sigal Portnoy
Regaining the ability to independently ambulate following a physical disability can increase functional ability and participation of patients in daily life. Gait trainers are assistive devices that enable body support and provide safety during gait. However, most conventional gait trainers are pre-configured to a constant position, therefore not suitable for practicing sit-to-stand function, and require assistance from a caregiver in order to mount the device from a sitting position. We therefore evaluated the effectiveness of a dynamically-adjusting gait trainer, designed to provide independence and safety during gait and various activities, in both lab setting and at home in 4 subjects (1 female, 3 males, ages 32-79 years) with limited ambulation...
October 16, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035594/total-body-water-dynamics-estimated-with-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-and-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-after-exposure-to-hypobaric-hypoxia-a-field-study
#11
Giacomo Strapazzon, Matiram Pun, Tomas Dal Cappello, Emily Procter, Piergiorgio Lochner, Hermann Brugger, Antonio Piccoli
Strapazzon, Giacomo, Matiram Pun, Tomas Dal Cappello, Emily Procter, Piergiorgio Lochner, Hermann Brugger, and Antonio Piccoli. Total body water dynamics estimated with bioelectrical impedance vector analysis and B-type natriuretic peptide after exposure to hypobaric hypoxia: A field study. High Alt Med Biol. 18:000-000, 2017.-The relationship between total body water (TBW) dynamics and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a stable metabolite of B-type natriuretic peptide, during acute high altitude exposure is not known...
October 16, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035290/relative-humidity-sensor-based-on-no-core-fiber-coated-by-agarose-gel-film
#12
Wei Xu, Jia Shi, Xianchao Yang, Degang Xu, Feng Rong, Junfa Zhao, Jianquan Yao
A relative humidity (RH) sensor based on single-mode-no-core-single-mode fiber (SNCS) structure is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The agarose gel is coated on the no-core fiber (NCF) as the cladding, and multimode interference (MMI) occurs in the SNCS structure. The transmission spectrum of the sensor is modulated at different ambient relative humidities due to the tunable refractive index property of the agarose gel film. The relative humidity can be measured by the wavelength shift and intensity variation of the dip in the transmission spectra...
October 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035143/the-contribution-of-glyphosate-to-agriculture-and-potential-impact-of-restrictions-on-use-at-the-global-level
#13
Graham Brookes, Farzad Taheripour, Wallace E Tyner
This study assesses the potential economic and environmental impacts that would arise if restrictions on glyphosate use resulted in the world no longer planting genetically modified herbicide tolerant (GM HT) crops. 'First round' impacts are the loss of farm level and aggregate impacts associated with the widespread use of GM HT crops (tolerant to glyphosate). There would be an annual loss of global farm income gains of $6.76 billion and lower levels of global soybean, corn and canola production equal to 18...
October 16, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034981/review-article-the-gut-microbiome-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-avenues-for-microbial-management
#14
REVIEW
J McIlroy, G Ianiro, I Mukhopadhya, R Hansen, G L Hold
BACKGROUND: The concept of an altered collective gut microbiota rather than identification of a single culprit is possibly the most significant development in inflammatory bowel disease research. We have entered the "omics" era, which now allows us to undertake large-scale/high-throughput microbiota analysis which may well define how we approach diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the future, with a strong steer towards personalised therapeutics. AIM: To assess current epidemiological, experimental and clinical evidence of the current status of knowledge relating to the gut microbiome, and its role in IBD, with emphasis on reviewing the evidence relating to microbial therapeutics and future microbiome modulating therapeutics...
October 16, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034821/abstracts-and-workshops-7th-national-spinal-cord-injury-conference-november-9-11-2017-fallsview-casino-resort-niagara-falls-ontario-canada
#15
Mir Hatef Shojaei, Mohammad Alavinia, B Catharine Craven, Christiana L Cheng, Tova Plashkes, Tian Shen, Nader Fallah, Suzanne Humphreys, Colleen O'Connell, Angelo Gary Linassi, Chester Ho, Christine Short, Karen Ethans, Rebecca Charbonneau, Jerome Paquet, Vanessa K Noonan, Julio C Furlan, Michael G Fehlings, B Catharine Craven, Jirapat Likitlersuang, Elizabeth Sumitro, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, José Zariffa, Dalton Wolfe, Stephanie Cornell, Julie Gagliardi, Stephanie Marrocco, Carly S Rivers, Nader Nader Fallah, Vanessa K Noonan, David Whitehurst, Carolyn Schwartz, Joel Finkelstein, B Catharine Craven, Karen Ethans, Colleen O'Connell, Catherine Truchon, Chester Ho, A Gary Linassi, Christine Short, Eve Tsai, Brian Drew, Henry Ahn, Marcel F Dvorak, Jérôme Paquet, Michael G Fehlings, Luc Noreau, Katie Lenz, K Alysse Bailey, David Allison, David Ditor, Justine Baron, Jennifer Tomasone, Dorothyann Curran, Toba Miller, Jeremy Grimshaw, Bastien Moineau, Milad Alizadeh-Meghrazi, Gabriel Stefan, Kei Masani, Milos R Popovic, Elizabeth Sumitro, Jirapat Likitlersuang, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, José Zariffa, Martha G Garcia-Garcia, Cesar Marquez-Chin, Milos R Popovic, Julio C Furlan, Sivakumar Gulasingam, B Catharine Craven, Julio C Furlan, Sivakumar Gulasingam, B Catharine Craven, Alia Khan, Clara Pujol, Mark Laylor, Nikola Unic, Maureen Pakosh, Kristin Musselman, Louise M Brisbois, B Catharine Craven, Mary C Verrier, Maryleen K Jones, Roberta O'Shea, Sakina Valika, Kaila Holtz, Elena Szefer, Vanessa Noonan, Brian Kwon, Patricia Mills, Cynthia Morin, Anne Harris, Christiana Cheng, Arlene Aspinall, Tova Plashkes, Vanessa K Noonan, Katherine Chan, Mary C Verrier, B Catharine Craven, Chris Alappat, Heather M Flett, Julio C Furlan, Kristin E Musselman, James Milligan, Loretta M Hillier, Craig Bauman, Lindsay Donaldson, Joseph Lee, James Milligan, Joseph Lee, Loretta M Hillier, Karen Slonim, Dalton Wolfe, Lindsay Sleeth, Samantha Jeske, Anna Kras-Dupuis, Stephanie Marrocco, Samantha McRae, Heather Flett, Jennifer Mokry, Joanne Zee, Mark Bayley, Jean-Francois Lemay, Audrey Roy, H Dany Gagnon, Maryleen K Jones, Roberta O'Shea, Renee Theiss, Heather Flett, Kristina Guy, Gillian Johnston, Melanie Kokotow, Sandra Mills, Jennifer Mokry, Patricia Bain, Carol Scovil, Pamela Houghton, Deena Lala, Lyndsay Orr, Paul Holyoke, Dalton Wolfe, Lyndsay Orr, Jillian Brooke, Paul Holyoke, Deena Lala, Pamela Houghton, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Robert B Shaw, Matthew J Stork, Christopher B McBride, Julio C Furlan, B Catharine Craven, Lora Giangregorio, Sander Hitzig, Naaz Kapadia, Milos R Popovic, Vera Zivanovic, Taufik Valiante, Milos R Popovic, Eleni Patsakos, Louise Brisbois, Farnoosh Farahani, Anita Kaiser, B Catharine Craven, Eleni Patsakos, Anita Kaiser, Louise Brisbois, Farnoosh Farahani, B Catharine Craven, Ben Mortenson, Megan MacGillivray, Sadeghi Mahsa, Jared Adams, Bonita Sawatzky, Patricia Mills, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Jennifer Leo, Ritu Sharma, Amy Latimer-Cheung, Timothy Olds, Kathleen Martin Ginis, Marnie Graco, Susan Cross, Chinnaya Thiyagarajan, Shirin Shafazand, Najib Ayas, Rachel Schembri, Lauren Booker, Carmel Nicholls, Patricia Burns, Mark Nash, Sally Green, David J Berlowitz, Samantha Taran, Meredith Rocchi, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Shane N Sweet, Jeffrey G Caron, Shane N Sweet, Meredith A Rocchi, Walter Zelaya, Shane N Sweet, Austin J Bergquist, Mikael F Del Castillo-Valenzuela, Milos R Popovic, Kei Masani, Karen Ethans, Alan Casey, Micheal Namaka, Dimitri Krassiokov-Enns, Cesar Marquez-Chin, Aaron Marquis, Naaz Desai, Vera Zivanovic, Debbie Hebert, Milos R Popovic, Julio C Furlan, B Catharine Craven, Jonathan McLeod, Audrey Hicks, Cindy Gauthier, Jasmine Arel, Rachel Brosseau, Audrey L Hicks, Dany H Gagnon, Nasrin Nejatbakhsh, Anita Kaiser, Sander L Hitzig, Shauna Cappe, Colleen McGillivray, Hardeep Singh, Jaya Sam, Heather Flett, B Catharine Craven, Mary Verrier, Kristin Musselman, Ryan G L Koh, Purbasha Garai, José Zariffa, Janelle Unger, Alison R Oates, Tarun Arora, Kristin Musselman, Bondi Moshe, Burns Anthony, Sivakumar Gulasingam, B Catharine Craven, Emilie Michalovic, Heather L Gainforth, Justine Baron, Ian D Graham, Shane N Sweet, Brian Chan, B Catharine Craven, Walter Wodchis, Suzanne Cadarette, Murray Krahn, Nicole Mittmann, Keryn Chemtob, Meredith A Rocchi, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Dahlia Kairy, Shane N Sweet, Parisa Sabetian, Ryan G L Koh, José Zariffa, Paul Yoo, Stephanie N Iwasa, Robart Babona-Pilipos, Patrick Schneider, Prashanth Velayudhan, Umalkhair Ahmed, Milos R Popovic, Cindi M Morshead, Jaeeun Yoo, Masahiro Shinya, Matija Milosevic, Kei Masani, Sharon Gabison, Sunita Mathur, Ethne Nussbaum, Milos Popovic, Mary C Verrier, Kristin Musselman, Jean-François Lemay, Shane McCullum, Kristina Guy, Kristen Walden, Jose Zariffa, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, Milad Alizadeh-Meghrazi, Joseph Lee, James Milligan, Matt Smith, Peter Athanasopoulos, Tara Jeji, Jennifer Howcroft, Jeremy Howcroft, Andrea Townson, Rhonda Willms, Tova Plashkes, Sandra Mills, Heather Flett, Carol Scovil, Filomena Mazzella, Helen Morris, Anellina Ventre, Eldon Loh, Stacey Guy, John Kramer, Tara Jeji, Nancy Xia, Swati Mehta, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Christopher B McBride, Robert B Shaw, Christopher West, Karen Ethans, Colleen O'Connell, Susan Charlifue, Dany H Gagnon, Manuel Jose Escalona Castillo, Martin Vermette, Lívia Pinheiro Carvalho, Antony Karelis, Dahlia Kairy, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Cyril Duclos, Pamela E Houghton, Lyndsay Orr, Paul Holyoke, Anna Kras-Dupuis, Dalton Wolfe, Barry Munro, Michelle Sweeny, B Catharine Craven, Heather Flett, Sander Hitzig, Farnoosh Farahani, S Mohammad Alavinia, Maryam Omidvar, Mark Bayley, Shane N Sweet, Julie Gassaway, Rob Shaw, Minna Hong, Sarah Everhart-Skeels, Bethlyn Houlihan, Anthony Burns, Gerald Bilsky, Indira Lanig, Marnie Graco, Susan Cross, Chinnaya Thiyagarajan, Shirin Shafazand, Najib Ayas, Rachel Schembri, Lauren Booker, Carmel Nicholls, Patricia Burns, Mark Nash, Sally Green, David Berlowitz, Julio C Furlan, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034784/religious-affiliation-at-time-of-death-global-estimates-and-projections
#16
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034725/polypharmacy-and-risk-of-falls-and-fractures-for-patients-with-hiv-infection-and-substance-dependence
#17
Theresa W Kim, Alexander Y Walley, Alicia S Ventura, Gregory J Patts, Timothy C Heeren, Gabriel B Lerner, Nicholas Mauricio, Richard Saitz
Although people with HIV infection (PLWH) are at higher risk of polypharmacy and substance use, there is limited knowledge about potential harms associated with polypharmacy such as falls and fractures in this population. The study objective was to determine whether polypharmacy, as measured by the number and type of medication, is associated with falls and fractures among PLWH and DSM-IV substance dependence in the past year or ever injection drug use (IDU). We identified the number of medications by electronic medical record review in the following categories: (i) systemically active, (ii) non-antiretroviral (non-ARV), (iii) sedating, (iv) non-sedating as well as any opioid medication and any non-opioid sedating medication...
October 16, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034194/evidence-based-study-of-antidiabetic-potential-of-c-maxima-seeds%C3%A2-%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-vivo
#18
Devesh Kumar Kushawaha, Manjulika Yadav, Sanjukta Chatterji, Amrita Kumari Srivastava, Geeta Watal
OBJECTIVE: In vitro antidiabetic efficacy of Cucurbita maxima seed extract (CMSE) has already been studied in our previous findings. Thus, in order to validate these findings in biological system, in vivo antidiabetic activity of aqueous extract was investigated in normal as well as diabetic experimental models. METHODS: Variable doses of extract were administered orally to normal and STZ induced mild diabetic rats during fasting blood glucose (FBG) and glucose tolerance test (GTT) studies...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033460/mortality-and-morbidity-in-the-21-st-century
#19
Anne Case, Angus Deaton
We build on and extend the findings in Case and Deaton (2015) on increases in mortality and morbidity among white non-Hispanic Americans in midlife since the turn of the century. Increases in all-cause mortality continued unabated to 2015, with additional increases in drug overdoses, suicides, and alcohol-related liver mortality, particularly among those with a high-school degree or less. The decline in mortality from heart disease has slowed and, most recently, stopped, and this combined with the three other causes is responsible for the increase in all-cause mortality...
2017: Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033382/clinical-pathological-correlations-in-three-patients-with-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva
#20
Kelly L Wentworth, Katherine Bigay, Tea V Chan, Jennifer P Ho, Blanca M Morales, Joseph Connor, Erin Brooks, M Shahriar Salamat, Henry Charles Sanchez, Geoffrey Wool, Robert J Pignolo, Frederick S Kaplan, Edward C Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an ultra-rare genetic disorder in which heterotopic bone forms in the soft tissues. This often occurs in response to injury or inflammation, leading to joint immobilization and significant disability. There are currently no definitive treatment options for this devastating disease. Although the most dramatic phenotype in FOP is the episodic and progressive heterotopic ossification, patients report a number of symptoms that affect other organ systems...
October 12, 2017: Bone
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