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Women's health epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444957/epidemiology-of-endometriosis-a-large-population-based-database-study-in-a-2-million-member-health-care-provider
#1
Vered H Eisenberg, Clara Weil, Gabriel Chodick, Varda Shalev
OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis constitutes a significant burden on the quality of life of women, their families, and health systems. The objective of this study is to describe the real-world epidemiology of endometriosis in an unselected low-risk population in Israel. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based study. SETTING AND POPULATION: The computerized databases of Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS), a 2-million-member healthcare provider representing a quarter of the Israeli population...
April 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443254/perfluoroalkyl-substances-exposure-and-thyroid-hormones-in-humans-epidemiological-observations-and-implications
#2
REVIEW
Jung Eun Lee, Kyungho Choi
Thyroid hormones play crucial roles in normal neurodevelopment of fetus and child. Many chemicals can affect control and homeostasis of thyroid hormones, and eventually lead to various adverse health effects including neurodevelopmental disorders. Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are among the thyroid disrupting chemicals that can be encountered among general human population. Due to their unique physicochemical characteristics, PFASs have been used as surfactants and surface coating materials in many applications...
March 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442807/epidemiology-and-clinico-investigative-study-of-organisms-causing-vaginal-discharge
#3
Swetha Venugopal, Kannan Gopalan, Asha Devi, A Kavitha
BACKGROUND: Abnormal vaginal discharge is a common clinical problem in reproductive age group. It is the second most common problem after abnormal uterine bleeding. It is a neglected health problem, most commonly caused due to vulvovaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis (BV). OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of common organisms causing vaginal discharge and also to know the variety of clinical presentation...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441168/a-review-of-caffeine-use-as-a-risk-or-protective-factor-for-women-s-health-and-pregnancy
#4
Amy Peacock, Richard P Mattick, Raimondo Bruno
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a narrative synthesis of recently published studies on caffeine use as a risk or protective factor for health outcomes, with a focus on women's health and pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Based on predominantly observational studies, moderate caffeine intake has been shown to be a protective factor for liver cancer, certain bowel conditions, colorectal cancer, skin cancer, and regular menstrual cycle function. However, heavy consumption is a risk factor for osteoporosis, urinary incontinence, and poorer birth and child developmental outcomes...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440864/breast-cancer-stage-variation-and-survival-in-association-with-insurance-status-and-sociodemographic-factors-in-us-women-18-to-64-years-old
#5
Christine D Hsu, Xiaoyan Wang, David V Habif, Cynthia X Ma, Kimberly J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Few population-based studies have examined the association between health insurance status and breast cancer stage at diagnosis and survival. The degree to which sociodemographic characteristics explain this association is also unclear. This study examined associations between insurance status and sociodemographic characteristics and stage at diagnosis and survival. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 18 registries database, we identified 52,048 women aged 18 to 64 years who were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2007 and 2008...
April 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440679/cervical-cancer-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-preventable-noncommunicable-disease
#6
Ralph-Sydney Mboumba Bouassa, Thierry Prazuck, Thérèse Lethu, Mohammad-Ali Jenabian, Jean-François Meye, Laurent Bélec
Infections caused by high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) are responsible for 7.7% of cancers in developing countries, mainly cervical cancer. This disease is steadily increasing in sub-Saharan Africa, with more than 75,000 new cases and 50,000 deaths yearly, further increased by HIV infection. Areas covered: The current status of cervical cancer associated with HPV in sub-Saharan Africa has been systematically revised. The main issues discussed here are related to the public health burden of cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa and predictions for the coming decades, including molecular epidemiology and determinants of HPV infection in Africa, and promising prevention measures currently being evaluated in Africa...
April 25, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436333/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-c-infection-in-pakistan-current-estimate-and-major-risk-factors
#7
Aiman Arshad, Usman Ali Ashfaq
In Pakistan, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major healthcare problem, with acute and chronic infections responsible for liver damage, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Under the Human Development Index of the United Nations, Pakistan is ranked 134th of 174 countries due to its poor educational and health standards. This study was designed to study HCV and its genotype prevalence in different cities and provinces of Pakistan and describe the major routes of HCV transmission. Literature searches were performed in PubMed, Mendeley, and Google Scholar...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435814/gender-dependent-differences-in-the-relationship-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-ambient-air-pollution-among-adults-in-south-korean-cities
#8
Dongwook Sohn, Hyunjin Oh
BACKGROUND: Air pollution has been a serious public health threat worldwide. It has been linked to pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases but is also believed to contribute to air-pollution-mediated cardiometabolic disease such as diabetes. We investigated the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and air pollution in densely developed urban settings in South Korea, using national epidemiologic data. METHODS: The analysis focused on examining gender-related differences in the relationship between DM 2 and air pollutants, specifically particulate matter ≤ 10μm (PM10) and sulfur dioxide (SO2)...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434611/alcohol-intake-and-risk-of-rosacea-in-us-women
#9
Suyun Li, Eunyoung Cho, Aaron M Drucker, Abrar A Qureshi, Wen-Qing Li
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic association between alcohol and rosacea is unclear and inconsistent based on the previous cross-sectional or case-control studies. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cohort study to determine the association between alcohol intake and the risk of rosacea in women. METHODS: A total of 82,737 women were included from the Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2005). Information on alcohol intake was collected every 4 years during follow-up...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432722/efforts-to-redefine-endometriosis-prevalence-in-low-risk-patients
#10
Linnea R Goodman, Jason M Franasiak
Endometriosis has significant implications on patient health and well-being, particularly when it comes to pelvic pain and infertility. However, the true epidemiologic state of the disease has remained elusive. Many of the foundational studies characterize surgically confirmed endometriosis in highly selected patient populations. It has been hypothesized that the prevalence of endometriosis is approximately 10% (Vigano et al, Best Practices and Research in Clinical OB/GYN, 2004, 18(2):177-200) of reproductive aged women and may reach rates of 30-50% in symptomatic women...
April 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432148/systolic-blood-pressure-trajectory-frailty-and-all-cause-mortality-over-80-years-of-age-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#11
Rathi Ravindrarajah, Nisha C Hazra, Shota Hamada, Judith Charlton, Stephen H D Jackson, Alex Dregan, Martin C Gulliford
Background -Clinical trials show benefit from lowering systolic blood pressure in people aged ≥80 years but non-randomised epidemiological studies suggest lower systolic blood pressure may be associated with higher mortality. This study aimed to evaluate associations of SBP with all-cause mortality by frailty category over 80 years of age and to evaluate SBP trajectories before death. Methods -A population-based cohort study was conducted using electronic health records of 144,403 participants aged 80 and older registered with family practices in the United Kingdom from 2001 to 2014...
April 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430097/zika-virus-update-more-on-an-emerging-arboviral-disease-in-the-western-hemisphere
#12
Kelly G Vest
Zika virus has captivated the world with its quick spread throughout the Western Hemisphere. Increased emphasis has been placed on the infection of pregnant women and subsequent adverse and severe effects in the developing fetus and newborn. This article supplements a previous article and provides updated information on new and evolving evidence that strengthens the association between Zika virus and unique congenital and neurologic diseases, updates what is known about the epidemiology of the disease, and provides new and updated material for primary care providers as they counsel patients who may be exposed or infected...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429924/dietary-choice-and-health-behaviors-in-eastern-chinese-women-a-descriptive-population-based-survey-and-review-of-public-health-data
#13
Feng Wang, Fei Wang, Lixiang Yu, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urbanization in China has increased the prevalence of high-fat and low-fiber diets, and of adverse health behaviors associated with an increased risk of diet-related, non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) in eastern Chinese women. This study aimed to characterize the dietary intake and health behaviors in eastern Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data of 122,058 women aged 25 to 70 who completed a multi-staged, stratified, cluster sampling epidemiological survey in eastern China in 2008, including self-report of diet and lifestyle information (sleep, physical activity, work, etc...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427875/easl-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-management-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#14
Pietro Lampertico, Kosh Agarwal, Thomas Berg, Maria Buti, Harry L A Janssen, George Papatheodoridis, Fabien Zoulim, Frank Tacke
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global public health problem with changing epidemiology due to several factors including vaccination policies and migration. This Clinical Practice Guideline presents updated recommendations for the optimal management of HBV infection. Chronic HBV infection can be classified into five phases: (I) HBeAg-positive chronic infection, (II) HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis, (III) HBeAg-negative chronic infection, (IV) HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis and (V) HBsAg-negative phase...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424184/demographic-lifestyle-and-genetic-determinants-of-circulating-concentrations-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-vitamin-d-binding-protein-in-african-american-and-european-american-women
#15
Song Yao, Chi-Chen Hong, Elisa V Bandera, Qianqian Zhu, Song Liu, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Gary Zirpoli, Stephen A Haddad, Kathryn L Lunetta, Edward A Ruiz-Narvaez, Susan E McCann, Melissa A Troester, Lynn Rosenberg, Julie R Palmer, Andrew F Olshan, Christine B Ambrosone
Background: Vitamin D may have anticancer activities. The high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in African Americans (AAs) may be a contributing factor to the cancer health disparities between AAs and European Americans (EAs).Objectives: We compared concentrations of 25(OH)D and vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) in AA and EA women and investigated determinants of the vitamin D-biomarker concentrations in both populations.Design: We used data and biospecimens from 909 AA and 847 EA healthy control subjects from the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (CBCS) and the Women's Circle of Health Study (WCHS) in the African American Breast Cancer Epidemiology and Risk Consortium...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423087/epidemiological-aspects-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-acl-in-an-endemic-area-of-forest-extractivist-culture-in-western-brazilian-amazonia
#16
Andreia Fernandes Brilhante, Leonardo Augusto Kohatsu Melchior, Vânia Lúcia Brandão Nunes, Cristiane de Oliveira Cardoso, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati
The study sought to analyze clinical and epidemiological aspects of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Xapuri, Acre, Brazil. Data from 2008 to 2014 registered in the notification records of the disease of the Information System of the Complaints of Notification (SINAN), and the data of the Information Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) available from 2007 to 2013 were used and analyzed in the light of the statistics of the temporal series by the Prais-Winsten method and chi-squared test. A total of 906 cases were registered with 60...
April 13, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421009/food-addiction-in-gambling-disorder-frequency-and-clinical-outcomes
#17
Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Ines Wolz, Marta Baño, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Zaida Agüera, Anke Hinney, Carlos Diéguez, Felipe F Casanueva, Ashley N Gearhardt, Anders Hakansson, José M Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Background: The food addiction (FA) model is receiving increasing interest from the scientific community. Available empirical evidence suggests that this condition may play an important role in the development and course of physical and mental health conditions such as obesity, eating disorders, and other addictive behaviors. However, no epidemiological data exist on the comorbidity of FA and gambling disorder (GD), or on the phenotype for the co-occurrence of GD+FA. Objectives: To determine the frequency of the comorbid condition GD+FA, to assess whether this comorbidity features a unique clinical profile compared to GD without FA, and to generate predictive models for the presence of FA in a GD sample...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417677/descriptive-epidemiology-of-hypertension-and-its-association-with-obesity-based-on-the-who-stepwise-approach-to-surveillance-in-palau
#18
Chaochen Wang, Chifa Chiang, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Edolem Ikerdeu, Kaori Honjo, Takashi Mita, Renzhe Cui, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Sherilynn Madraisau, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama
The rise of noncommunicable diseases is a serious health burden for Palau. This study described the prevalence of hypertension, and assessed its association with obesity. Surveys following the WHO STEPwise approach to surveillance were conducted in 2529 adults. Multivariate prevalence ratios (PR) of hypertension for body mass index (BMI) categories were calculated by logistic regression models using conditional standardization procedure. Age- and sex-specified analyses were performed. Overall prevalence of obesity and hypertension were 40...
April 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417334/sleep-quality-duration-and-breast-cancer-aggressiveness
#19
Allison Soucise, Caila Vaughn, Cheryl L Thompson, Amy E Millen, Jo L Freudenheim, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Amanda I Phipps, Lauren Hale, Lihong Qi, Heather M Ochs-Balcom
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies suggest that short sleep duration and poor sleep quality may increase breast cancer risk. However, whether sleep is associated with breast tumor aggressiveness characteristics has largely been unexplored. METHODS: The study included 4171 non-Hispanic whites (NHW) and 235 African Americans (AA) diagnosed with incident, primary, invasive breast cancer in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study (1994-2013). We used logistic regression to examine the association of baseline sleep (sleep duration, sleep quality, WHI Insomnia Rating Scale) with tumor grade, stage, hormone receptor status, HER2 status...
April 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417313/impact-of-season-and-different-vitamin-d-thresholds-on-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-epidemiological-cohorts-a-note-of-caution
#20
Sara Schramm, Harald Lahner, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Raimund Erbel, Dagmar Führer, Susanne Moebus
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of different cut-offs on the prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25-(OH)D] deficiency. METHODS: We used baseline data of 4149 participants (45-75 years, 50% women) of the population-based Heinz Nixdorf Recall study. Serum 25-(OH)D was measured with the Roche Cobas assay. Quartiles (p25, p50, and p75) were calculated. Data were stratified by months, sex, and age. According to the recommendations of 'Dachverband Osteologie', Endocrine Society and National Institute of Health we used 25-(OH)D thresholds of 12, 20, and 30 ng/ml to estimate vitamin D deficiency...
April 17, 2017: Endocrine
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