Read by QxMD icon Read

Women's health epidemiology

Hui Zhao, Nainan Hei, Yiling Wu, Winston Chan, Xiudong Lei, Carrie Cameron, Shine Chang, Mariana Chavez-MacGregor, Sharon H Giordano
BACKGROUND: The National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project B35 and International Breast Cancer Intervention Studies II Ductal Carcinoma In Situ trials showed similar treatment effects of anastrozole and tamoxifen in reducing cancer recurrence risk among ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) patients. Studies have shown low levels of hormone therapy drug initiation for DCIS patients, but the current body of literature lacks information on the 5-year adherence rates for these drugs from population-based studies...
October 25, 2016: Cancer
Andrzej Zieliński, Jolanta Rudowska
: For many years the number of tetanus cases reported in Poland remaing below fifty with marked random variations. Almost all disease occur in people unvaccinated. Some of them, especially in people over age 60, are fatal. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study is to present the data of epidemiological surveillance of tetanus in Poland in 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analyzed material are the individual reports of cases of tetanus sent to the Department of Epidemiology at NIPH-PZH and bulletin data “Infectious diseases and poisoning in Poland in 2014”...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Małgorzata Stępień, Katarzyna Piwowarow, Mirosław P Czarkowski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of hepatitis B in Poland in 2014 in comparison with the previous years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The evaluation of the epidemiological situation was carried out on a basis of analysis of data from case-based reports on acute hepatitis B registered by sanitary and epidemiological stations, aggregate data derived from annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland”, data from annual bulletin “Vaccinations in Poland” and data on locally registered HBsAg carriers...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Ewa Staszewska-Jakubik, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Barbara Kondej
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the epidemiological situation of scarlet fever in Poland in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation was performed by reviewing surveillance data published in the bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2014” as well as in previous bulletins, and unpublished data collected under Statistical survey program of official statistics. These data relate to cases of scarlet fever registered by health sanitary inspection on the basis of statutory notification of scarlet fever reported by physicians...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Ana Babic, Shelley S Tworoger, Libin Zhang, Kana Wu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Shuji Ogino, Andrew T Chan, Jeffrey Meyerhardt, Edward Giovannucci, Charles Fuchs, Eunyoung Cho, Dominique S Michaud, Meir J Stampfer, Yau-Hua Yu, David Kim, Xuehong Zhang
Periodontal diseases including tooth loss might increase systemic inflammation, lead to immune dysregulation, and alter gut microbiota, thereby possibly influencing colorectal carcinogenesis. Few epidemiological studies have examined the association between periodontal diseases and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. We collected information on the periodontal disease (defined as history of periodontal bone loss) and number of natural teeth in the Nurses' Health Study. A total of 77,443 women were followed since 1992...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Khaled Abass, Markku Koiranen, Darja Mazej, Janja Snoj Tratnik, Milena Horvat, Jukka Hakkola, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Arja Rautio
The Northern Finland Birth Cohort program (NFBC) is the epidemiological and longitudinal prospective general population research program, which was established to promote health and wellbeing of the population in northern Finland. The aim of present study, as a part of the NFBC program, was to analyze the blood levels of arsenic (B-As), cadmium (B-Cd), lead (B-Pb), total mercury (B-Hg) and selenium (B-Se); to compare these levels with threshold limits; to study sociodemographic factors; and to correlate these levels with calcium and haemoglobin...
October 24, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Fengguang Guo, Martin S Forde, Stephen R Werre, Rosina C Krecek, Guan Zhu
To date, published epidemiological studies of parasitic infections in humans in the Caribbean region are very limited. Here, we report the seroprevalence of five parasitic pathogens, including Ascaris lumbricoides, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Schistosoma mansoni, and Toxocara canis in 435 serum samples collected between 2008 and 2011 from pregnant women in ten Caribbean islands. We tested the serum samples for IgG antibodies against the five parasites by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 24, 2016: Parasitology Research
Hamid Najafipour, Mostafa Shokoohi, Gholamreza Yousefzadeh, Behzad Sarvar Azimzadeh, Gholamreza Moshtaghi Kashanian, Mohamad Mehdi Bagheri, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of identifying and screening dyslipidemia to prevent coronary artery diseases CAD(Coronary Artery Disease), little information is available on dyslipidemia in our large area. So the present study aimed to assess the management status of lipid abnormalities and its association with other CAD risk factors in an urban population of southeast of Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was a part of the Kerman coronary artery disease risk factor study KERCADRS (Kerman coronary artery disease risk study) as a population-based, epidemiological research among 5900 individuals aged 15 to 75 years who were residents of Kerman city, the largest city in Southeast of Iran...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Reza Taherkhani, Fatemeh Farshadpour
From an epidemiological point of view, hepatitis E is an old infection in Iran, but only recently has its importance as a public health concern been considered from research and public health standpoints. As such, there is still a long road ahead to clarify the real burden of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in Iran. According to the available epidemiological studies, the seroprevalence of HEV infection among pregnant women is between 3.6% and 7.4%, and among Iranian children is between 0.9% to 8.5%, varying by geographic regions within the country and directly dependent upon the sanitary status of each...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
Alain Luxembourg, Susanne K Kjaer, Mari Nygard, Misoo C Ellison, Thomas Group, J Brooke Marshall, David Radley, Alfred Saah
The 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) (9vHPV) vaccine targets four HPV types (6/11/16/18) also covered by the quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccine and five additional types (31/33/45/52/58). Vaccine efficacy to prevent HPV infection and disease was established in a Phase III clinical study in women 16-26years of age. A long-term follow-up (LTFU) study has been initiated as an extension of the Phase III clinical study to assess effectiveness of the 9vHPV vaccine up to at least 14years after the start of vaccination...
October 21, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
J M Ramírez-Moreno, F J Felix-Redondo, D Fernández-Bergés, L Lozano-Mera
BACKGROUND: The incidence of stroke in Spain has been evaluated in several studies, whose results are highly variable and not comparable. No studies of stroke have analysed epidemiological changes in younger patients. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective observational study using the Spanish health system's Minimum Data Set and included all patients older than 19 hospitalised due to stroke (ICD-9-CM codes 434.01, 434.11, 434.91, 430, 431, 432.9, 436, and 435) between 2002 and 2013...
October 21, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
O M Aboyade, R Beauclair, O N Mbamalu, T R Puoane, G D Hughes
BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) especially diabetes and hypertension are prevalent among older women living in South African urban areas, placing a heavy burden on the healthcare system. This study aimed to understand the health-seeking behaviour, healthcare practices and prevalence of traditional herbal medicine (THM) use among older women self-reporting NCDs from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology study (PURE). METHOD: A homogenous purposive sampling of PURE participants was used to recruit women who were 50 years or older (n = 250)...
October 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Prakash Chand Negi, Raman Chauhan, Vivek Rana, Vidyasagar, Kavinder Lal
BACKGROUND: There are no data available on the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCD) risk factors among the tribal population of hill state of Himachal Pradesh (HP). The epidemiological study of NCD risk factors was done in the tribal population of district Kinnaur of HP to estimate the burden of NCD risk factors and their risk determinants. METHODS: WHO STEP wise approach was used for screening of the core NCD risk indicators in 3582 randomly selected natives of Kinnaur aged 20-70 years by trained Health workers of the district health services...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Eric Y Tenkorang
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects nearly over three million Canadians, including immigrants. The timing of the first onset of diabetes has been linked to several other severe diseases. Yet, there is a dearth of empirical studies that examine the timing of the first onset of diabetes among Canadians, in general, and among immigrants and ethnic minority populations within Canada, in particular. DESIGN: Applying event history techniques to the 2013 Canadian Community and Health Survey, we address this research void by examining factors that contribute to the first onset of diabetes among immigrant and visible minority populations in Canada (N = 8905)...
October 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Anita Kozyrskyj, Nicole Letourneau, Liane Kang, Mahin Salmani
BACKGROUND: Affecting 19% of women, postpartum depression is a major concern to the immediate health of mothers and infants. In the longterm, it has been linked to the development of early-onset asthma at school entry, but only if the depression persists beyond the postnatal period. No studies have tested whether associations with postpartum depressive symptoms and early-onset asthma phenotypes persist into later school age. OBJECTIVE: To determine associations between maternal postpartum depressive symptoms and childhood asthma between the ages of 5-10 by using a nested longitudinal design...
October 22, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ruth C Travis, Angela Balkwill, Georgina K Fensom, Paul N Appleby, Gillian K Reeves, Xiao-Si Wang, Andrew W Roddam, Toral Gathani, Richard Peto, Jane Green, Timothy J Key, Valerie Beral
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that night shift work could increase breast cancer incidence. A 2007 World Health Organization review concluded, mainly from animal evidence, that shift work involving circadian disruption is probably carcinogenic to humans. We therefore aimed to generate prospective epidemiological evidence on night shift work and breast cancer incidence. METHODS: Overall, 522 246 Million Women Study, 22 559 EPIC-Oxford, and 251 045 UK Biobank participants answered questions on shift work and were followed for incident cancer...
December 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Karen Assmann, Valentina Andreeva, Katia Castebon, Caroline Méjean, Mathilde Touvier, Benoît Salanave, Valérie Deschamps, Sandrine Péneau, Léopold Fezeu, Chantal Julia, Benjamin Allès, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg
BACKGROUND: Traditional epidemiological research methods exhibit limitations leading to high logistics, human, and financial burden. The continued development of innovative digital tools has the potential to overcome many of the existing methodological issues. Nonetheless, Web-based studies remain relatively uncommon, partly due to persistent concerns about validity and generalizability. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this viewpoint is to summarize findings from methodological studies carried out in the NutriNet-Santé study, a French Web-based cohort study...
October 18, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
J Michael Gaziano
The health effects of alcohol have been studied for decades. While it is clear that excessive alcohol consumption is harmful, hundreds of studies have demonstrated that light to moderate alcohol consumption may reduce the risk of certain cardiovascular conditions. Light to moderate alcohol consumption has been consistently associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) among a wide variety of population groups including men and women, those with hypertension, diabetes and heart disease. Alcohol has been associated with increases in HDL cholesterol and lower risks of diabetes...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Shervin Assari, Amirmasoud Nikahd, Mohammad Reza Malekahmadi, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Hadi Zamanian
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing literature on the central role of socioeconomic status (SES; education and income) for maintaining health, less is known about group differences in this effect. Built on the intersectionality approach, this study compared race by gender groups for the effects of baseline education and income on sustained health problems in five domains: depressive symptoms, insomnia, physical inactivity, body mass index (BMI), and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: Data came from waves 7, 8, and 10 of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), which were collected in 2004, 2006, and 2010, respectively...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"