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Women's health epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905948/changes-in-life-expectancy-1950-2010-contributions-from-age-and-disease-specific-mortality-in-selected-countries
#1
Jochen Klenk, Ulrich Keil, Andrea Jaensch, Marcus C Christiansen, Gabriele Nagel
BACKGROUND: Changes of life expectancy over time serve as an interesting public health indicator for medical, social and economic developments within populations. The aim of this study was to quantify changes of life expectancy between 1950 and 2010 and relate these to main causes of death. METHODS: Pollard's actuarial method of decomposing life expectancy was applied to compare the contributions of different age- and disease-groups on life expectancy in 5-year intervals...
May 23, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905918/decomposing-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-depressive-symptoms-among-the-elderly-in-china
#2
Yongjian Xu, Jinjuan Yang, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ren, Yanli Li, Yuyan Qian, Sha Lai, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Accelerated population ageing brings about unprecedented challenges to the health system in China. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms, and also identify the determinants of depressive symptom inequality among the elderly in China. METHODS: Data were drawn from the second wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depressive symptoms were assessed with a 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), which was preselected in CHARLS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905906/discordance-between-self-reported-arthritis-and-musculoskeletal-signs-and-symptoms-in-older-women
#3
Tkt Lo, Lynne Parkinson, Michelle Cunich, Julie Byles
BACKGROUND: Arthritis is a gendered disease where women have a higher prevalence and more disability than men with arthritis of the same age. Health survey data is a major source of information for monitoring of the burden of arthritis. The validity of self-reported arthritis and the determinants of its accuracy among women have not been thoroughly studied. The objectives of this study were to: 1) examine the agreement between self-report diagnosed arthritis and musculoskeletal signs and symptoms in community-living older women; 2) estimate the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of self-reported arthritis; and 3) assess the factors associated with the disagreement...
December 1, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900164/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-top-level-male-and-female-football-players
#4
Astrid Junge, Nina Feddermann-Demont
BACKGROUND: Scientific studies on the prevalence of mental health problems in elite athletes are rare, and most have had considerable methodological limitations, such as low response rate and heterogeneous samples. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in top-level football players in comparison to the general population, and to analyse potential risk factors. METHODS: Players of all first league (FL) and of four U-21 football teams in Switzerland were asked to answer a questionnaire on player's characteristics, the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895075/associations-of-specific-types-of-sports-and-exercise-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-a-cohort-study-of-80%C3%A2-306-british-adults
#5
Pekka Oja, Paul Kelly, Zeljko Pedisic, Sylvia Titze, Adrian Bauman, Charlie Foster, Mark Hamer, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND/AIM: Evidence for the long-term health effects of specific sport disciplines is scarce. Therefore, we examined the associations of six different types of sport/exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk in a large pooled Scottish and English population-based cohort. METHODS: Cox proportional hazards regression was used to investigate the associations between each exposure and all-cause and CVD mortality with adjustment for potential confounders in 80 306 individuals (54% women; mean±SD age: 52±14 years)...
November 28, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893863/high-vitamin-d-consumption-is-inversely-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-an-urban-mexican-population
#6
Paloma Muñoz-Aguirre, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Mario Flores, Eduardo Salazar-Martínez, Jorge Salmerón
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is a major global public health problem. Recent epidemiological studies have assessed the relationship between vitamin D and multiple outcomes, including cardiovascular disease. However, this evidence is limited and inconclusive. Our purpose in this study was to evaluate the association between dietary vitamin D intake and cardiovascular disease risk in adult Mexican population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis with the baseline data from 6294 men and women aged 20-80 years participating in the Health Workers Cohort Study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893080/travel-associated-zika-virus-disease-acquired-in-the-americas-through-february-2016-a-geosentinel-analysis
#7
Davidson H Hamer, Kira A Barbre, Lin H Chen, Martin P Grobusch, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Abraham Goorhuis, Perry J J van Genderen, Israel Molina, Hilmir Asgeirsson, Phyllis E Kozarsky, Eric Caumes, Stefan H Hagmann, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Gilles Eperon, Elizabeth D Barnett, Emmanuel Bottieau, Andrea K Boggild, Philippe Gautret, Noreen A Hynes, Susan Kuhn, R Ryan Lash, Karin Leder, Michael Libman, Denis J M Malvy, Cecilia Perret, Camilla Rothe, Eli Schwartz, Annelies Wilder-Smith, Martin S Cetron, Douglas H Esposito
Background: Zika virus has spread rapidly in the Americas and has been imported into many nonendemic countries by travelers. Objective: To describe clinical manifestations and epidemiology of Zika virus disease in travelers exposed in the Americas. Design: Descriptive, using GeoSentinel records. Setting: 63 travel and tropical medicine clinics in 30 countries. Patients: Ill returned travelers with a confirmed, probable, or clinically suspected diagnosis of Zika virus disease seen between January 2013 and 29 February 2016...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890953/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-disease-among-persons-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immuno-deficiency-syndrome-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#8
Mrinal Gupta, Vikram K Mahajan, Pushpinder S Chauahn, Karainder S Mehta, Ritu Rawat, T N Shiny
BACKGROUND: Although modification of behavioral practices among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-affected patients is important in decreasing HIV disease transmission, the knowledge, attitude, and perception studies about HIV infection rarely include persons living with HIV/acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIMS: To assess knowledge, attitude, and perceptions of persons living with HIV/AIDS for the disease and other epidemiological aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and fifty consecutive persons living with HIV/AIDS were enrolled for this questionnaire-based cross-sectional, descriptive study...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890946/prevalence-of-asymptomatic-infections-in-sexually-transmitted-diseases-attendees-diagnosed-with-bacterial-vaginosis-vaginal-candidiasis-and-trichomoniasis
#9
R Rajalakshmi, S Kalaivani
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a major health problem affecting mostly young people in both developing and developed countries. STD in women causes both acute morbidity and complications such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, low-birth weight, and prematurity. AIMS: The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis among asymptomatic females attending STD outpatient department in a tertiary care hospital in South India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888968/predictors-of-depression-among-seropositive-batswana-men-and-women-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#10
Christopher Lance Coleman
The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to describe predictors of depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive Botswana men and women residing in Gaborne, Botswana. A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, (CESD-D), and the SF-36 [Quality of life] were administered. The questionnaires were translated and back translated in Setswana and administered by Batswana men and women. The results of the regression analyses resulted in two calculated models. In the first Model energy/fatigue explained 46% of the variance in depressive symptoms (P=...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886138/time-trend-in-psychotropic-medication-use-in-spain-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#11
Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Jesús Esteban-Hernández, Alejandro Álvaro-Meca, Ana López-de Andrés, José Luis DelBarrio-Fernández, Rodrigo Jiménez-García
Background: We performed an epidemiologic study to analyze nationwide time trends in adult psychotropic drug use over a period from 2006 to 2012, and to identify those factors associated with the likelihood of consumption of these drugs during the study period; Methods: Cross-sectional study on psychotropic medication in the Spanish adult population. We used secondary individualized data drawn from the 2006 and 2012 Spanish National Health Surveys (SNHS). The dependent variable was the use of psychotropic drugs in the previous two weeks...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886135/soy-and-health-update-evaluation-of-the-clinical-and-epidemiologic-literature
#12
REVIEW
Mark Messina
Soyfoods have long been recognized as sources of high-quality protein and healthful fat, but over the past 25 years these foods have been rigorously investigated for their role in chronic disease prevention and treatment. There is evidence, for example, that they reduce risk of coronary heart disease and breast and prostate cancer. In addition, soy alleviates hot flashes and may favorably affect renal function, alleviate depressive symptoms and improve skin health. Much of the focus on soyfoods is because they are uniquely-rich sources of isoflavones...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883948/prevalence-sociodemographic-correlates-and-dsm-5-substance-use-disorders-and-other-psychiatric-disorders-among-sexual-minorities-in-the-united-states
#13
Bradley T Kerridge, Roger P Pickering, Tulshi D Saha, W June Ruan, S Patricia Chou, Haitao Zhang, Jeesun Jung, Deborah S Hasin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present current nationally representative data on the prevalences, sociodemographic correlates and risk of DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities (SMs) relative to heterosexuals, and among SMs by gender. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: In the general noninstitutionalized population, 1...
November 7, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876554/interaction-between-excess-folate-and-low-vitamin-b12-status
#14
REVIEW
Ligi Paul, Jacob Selhub
Current epidemiological evidence suggests that an imbalance of high folate status and low vitamin B12 status is associated with negative health outcomes in older adults and children. Such an imbalance during pregnancy also predisposes women to diabetes and their offspring to insulin resistance and adiposity and low birthweight. In older adults, vitamin B12 status can remain low despite adequate intake due to age-related decline in vitamin B12 absorption. Pregnant women are exposed to folic acid at varying doses depending on the prenatal care prescribed in different countries...
November 19, 2016: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876223/monitoring-of-organochlorine-pesticides-in-blood-of-women-with-uterine-cervix-cancer
#15
Ángel G Polanco Rodríguez, M Inmaculada Riba López, T Ángel DelValls Casillas, J Alfredo Araujo León, Olfa Mahjoub, Anjan Kumar Prusty
In Yucatan, Mexico, chronic exposure of Mayan population to pesticides is expected as about 30 per cent are drinking polluted water. Residues of organochlorine pesticides (OCP) were monitored in 18 municipalities of Yucatan with high mortality rates due to uterine cervix cancer. 70 blood samples collected from Mayan women living in livestock, agricultural and metropolitan area were analyzed for OCP. Solid Phase Extraction was performed on C18 cartridges and analyzed by Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detector...
November 18, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876014/prenatal-diagnosis-in-sweden-2011-to-2013-a-register-based-study
#16
Kerstin Petersson, Marie Lindkvist, Margareta Persson, Peter Conner, Annika Åhman, Ingrid Mogren
BACKGROUND: Prenatal diagnosis involves methods used in early pregnancy as either screening tests or diagnostic methods. The aims of the study were to i) investigate guidelines on prenatal diagnosis in the counties of Sweden, ii) investigate uptake of prenatal diagnosis, and iii) background characteristics and pregnancy outcomes in relation to different prenatal diagnostic methods. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study using data from the Swedish Pregnancy Register 2011 to 2013 (284,789 pregnancies) was performed...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872797/lovastatin-lowers-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-population-based-study-using-logistic-regression-with-a-random-effects-model
#17
Rimi Murakami, Chiehfeng Chen, Shu-Yu Lyu, Ching-En Lin, Pei-Chuan Tzeng, Tzu-Feng Wang, Juei-Chin Chang, Ying-Hua Shieh, I-Fan Chen, Shihping Kevin Huang, Hui-Wen Lin
BACKGROUND: Laboratory studies have demonstrated statin-induced apoptosis of cancer cells, including breast cancer cells, and evidence is accumulating on the mechanism of statin-induced apoptosis. However, despite numerous epidemiological studies, no consensus has been reached regarding the relationship between statin use and breast cancer risk. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study enrolled 4332 breast cancer patients and 21,660 age-matched controls registered in the National Health Insurance program of Taiwan, which covers approximately 99% of the population...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872021/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-a-review-of-epidemiology-biopsychology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Sharon J Parish, Steven R Hahn
INTRODUCTION: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised (DSM-IV-TR) as persistent deficient sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity that causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), HSDD has been subsumed by Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder. However, decades of research based on DSM-IV-TR HSDD criteria form the foundation of our understanding of the essential symptom of distressing low sexual desire, its epidemiology, clinical management, and treatment...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871953/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-premenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
REVIEW
Megan E McCool, Andrea Zuelke, Melissa A Theurich, Helge Knuettel, Cristian Ricci, Christian Apfelbacher
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic research in female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has gained momentum in recent years, particularly in clinical populations and in menopausal women. However, sexual dysfunction also affects premenopausal women in general populations. Previous literature reviews have been unable to quantify the burden of FSD in general populations. This has been due in part to different definitions of dysfunction, heterogeneous study design, and the wide variety of measurement tools used...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#20
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
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