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Women's health epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790667/differences-in-cancer-survival-among-white-and-black-cancer-patients-by-presence-of-diabetes-mellitus-estimations-based-on-seer-medicare-linked-data-resource
#1
Clara Lam, Kathleen Cronin, Rachel Ballard, Angela Mariotto
Diabetes prevalence and racial health disparities in the diabetic population are increasing in the US. Population-based cancer-specific survival estimates for cancer patients with diabetes have not been assessed. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linkage provided data on cancer-specific deaths and diabetes prevalence among 14 separate cohorts representing 1 068 098 cancer patients ages 66 +  years diagnosed between 2000 and 2011 in 17 SEER areas. Cancer-specific survival estimates were calculated by diabetes status adjusted by age, stage, comorbidities, and cancer treatment, and stratified by cancer site and sex with whites without diabetes as the reference group...
May 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790110/prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-general-korean-population-an-analysis-of-a-population-based-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Yunkyung Kim, Jihun Kang, Geun-Tae Kim
Hyperuricemia is not only a risk factor for gout but also an independent determinant of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases. Although the incidence of gout in Korean adults is increasing, epidemiologic studies on hyperuricemia in the general Korean population are limited. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among non-institutionalized Korean adults. The present study included 5548 participants (2403 men and 3145 women) aged ≥ 19 years from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789871/emergency-admissions-for-complicated-colonic-diverticulitis-are-increasing-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#3
Line Hupfeld, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jakob Burcharth, Jacob Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Acute colonic diverticulitis is common in the Western world representing a growing burden on health care. We aimed to report the factual epidemiological and demographic characteristics in patients with acute diverticulitis in a large nationwide population. METHOD: We conducted a population-based cohort study from 2000 to 2012 on the complete Danish population, which included all patients with acute colonic diverticulitis. Data were composed through two national longitudinal registries...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789039/prospective-association-between-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-the-french-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#4
Moufidath Adjibade, Cédric Lemogne, Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Karen E Assmann, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
A posteriori healthier dietary patterns and several nutrients have been associated with lower risks of depression in various studies; however, evidence is lacking with regard to the prospective association between adherence to nutritional recommendations (food-based and nutrient-based recommendations) and incident depression or depressive symptoms. In this study, we investigate such associations in the NutriNet Santé cohort. The study sample included 26 225 participants (aged 18-86 years) who were initially free of depressive symptoms...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789037/a-comparison-of-statistical-and-machine-learning-techniques-in-evaluating-the-association-between-dietary-patterns-and-10-year-cardiometabolic-risk-2002-2012-the-attica-study
#5
Dimitris Panaretos, Efi Koloverou, Alexandros C Dimopoulos, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Malvina Vamvakari, George Tzavelas, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Statistical methods are usually applied in examining diet-disease associations, whereas factor analysis is commonly used for dietary pattern recognition. Recently, machine learning (ML) has been also proposed as an alternative technique in health classification. In this work, the predictive accuracy of statistical v. ML methodologies as regards the association of dietary patterns on CVD risk was tested. During 2001-2002, 3042 men and women (45 (sd 14) years) were enrolled in the ATTICA study. In 2011-2012, the 10-year CVD follow-up was performed among 2020 participants...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786136/temporal-trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-cervical-cancer-in-south-africa-1994-2012
#6
Gbenga Olorunfemi, Ntombizodwa Ndlovu, Gwinyai Masukume, Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Elvira Singh
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among female South Africans (SA). Improved access to reproductive health services following multi-ethnic democracy in 1994, HIV epidemic, and the initiation of CC population-based screening in early 2000's have influenced the epidemiology of CC in SA. We therefore evaluated the trends in CC age-standardized incidence (ASIR) (1994 - 2009) and mortality rates (ASMR) (2004 - 2012) using data from the South African National Cancer Registry and the Statistics South Africa, respectively...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785319/a-multi-faceted-pandemic-a-review-of-the-state-of-knowledge-on-the-zika-virus
#7
REVIEW
Anneliese Depoux, Aline Philibert, Serge Rabier, Henri-Jean Philippe, Arnaud Fontanet, Antoine Flahault
While until recently the small and isolated Zika outbreaks in Eastern Asia and Pacific islands had been overlooked, the large-scale outbreak that started in Brazil in 2015 and the increase of microcephaly cases in the same place and time made media headlines. Considered as harmless until recently, Zika has given rise to an important global crisis that poses not only health challenges but also environmental, economical, social, and ethical challenges for states and people around the world. The main objective of this paper is to review the recent Zika outbreak by covering a broad range of disciplines and their interactions...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785100/gender-specific-estimates-of-copd-prevalence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Georgios Ntritsos, Jacob Franek, Lazaros Belbasis, Maria A Christou, Georgios Markozannes, Pablo Altman, Robert Fogel, Tobias Sayre, Evangelia E Ntzani, Evangelos Evangelou
Rationale: COPD has been perceived as being a disease of older men. However, >7 million women are estimated to live with COPD in the USA alone. Despite a growing body of literature suggesting an increasing burden of COPD in women, the evidence is limited. Objectives: To assess and synthesize the available evidence among population-based epidemiologic studies and calculate the global prevalence of COPD in men and women. Materials and methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis reporting gender-specific prevalence of COPD was undertaken...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783936/identifying-and-assessing-the-benefits-of-interventions-for-postnatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#9
Binu Gurung, Louise J Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth, Tracy E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, there is a need to include outcomes for all those affected and to include health and non-health outcomes for accurate estimates of cost-effectiveness. This study aimed to identify interventions to prevent or treat PND for which an economic evaluation had been conducted and to evaluate the health and non-health outcomes included...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783245/-epidemiological-features-of-parasitary-invasis-in-women-of-reproductive-age-with-disorders-of-reproductive-health
#10
Valentyna О Sklyarova
OBJECTIVE: The aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the frequency and structure of parasitic lesion in women with reproductive health disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The immune-enzyme method tested immunoglobulins IgG to ascaris, lamblia, toxocara. Determination of the presence of pinworm eggs (sticky tape and perianal scrape method) and ascarid (methods of K.Cato, F.Fueleborna and E.S.Schulman). RESULTS: Results: In women with complicated obstetric anamnesis, parasitic invasions occurred in (52...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779458/predictors-of-housing-instability-in-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#11
Emily N Adams, Hannah M Clark, Maria M Galano, Sara F Stein, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Sandra Graham-Bermann
Although one in four women in the United States experience severe intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetimes and are at greater risk for homelessness and housing insecurity than women who have not experienced IPV, the factors increasing the vulnerability of women with an IPV history to housing instability have not been examined. This cross-sectional study utilized baseline data from interviews with 218 IPV-exposed women from diverse ethnoracial backgrounds participating with their children in the Kids' Club and the Mom's Empowerment Program, joint interventions designed to improve outcomes in families who have experienced IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776426/detection-of-zika-virus-infection-among-asymptomatic-pregnant-women-in-the-north-of-peru
#12
Claudia Weilg, Lucinda Troyes, Zoila Villegas, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Fernando Mazulis, Ammy Febres, Mario Troyes, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Juana Del Valle-Mendoza
OBJECTIVE: To report an outbreak of ZIKV infection among asymptomatic pregnant women during 2016 in the city of Jaen, Cajamarca. RESULTS: Zika virus RNA was detected in 3.2% (n = 36) of cases by RT-PCR. The mean age of patients positive for ZIKV infection was 29.6 years. 7 patients (19.4%) infected with ZIKV were in their first-trimester of gestation, 13 (36.1%) were in their second-trimester, and 16 (44%) were in their third-trimester. All of the infected pregnant women were asymptomatic...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774378/interpersonal-and-institutional-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-random-sample-of-palestinian-minority-men-smokers-in-israel
#13
Nihaya Daoud, Meiyin Gao, Amira Osman, Carles Muntaner
PURPOSE: We sought to extend research into the health effects of discrimination to a non-Western context. We examined the associations between interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and anxiety and depression among Palestinian-Arab minority men citizens of Israel. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide stratified random sample of 964 Arab men in Israel, current or former smokers (age 18-64), who were interviewed as part of a 2012-2013 study on cessation...
May 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#14
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770451/pregnancy-parity-and-periodontal-disease
#15
REVIEW
Emma L Morelli, Jonathan M Broadbent, Jonathan W Leichter, W Murray Thomson
The belief that a woman's dental health is likely to deteriorate through having children remains common and may originate from the old wives' tale "a tooth per child". As recently as 2005, about 1 in 5 US mothers believed this.1 Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between parity (the number of times a women has given birth) and tooth loss,2-5 and parity and periodontal attachment loss,6 but none has determined whether this association is causal. A number of studies have reported greater severity and extent of gingival inflammation during pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770094/travel-related-zika-virus-cases-in-canada-october-2015-june-2017
#16
J Tataryn, L Vrbova, M Drebot, H Wood, E Payne, S Connors, J Geduld, M German, K Khan, P A Buck
Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne disease that can cause severe birth defects if contracted congenitally. Since late 2015, there has been a large increase in the number of travel-related cases of Zika virus infection in Canada. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of travel-related Zika cases in Canada from October 2015 to June 2017 and review them in the context of the international outbreak in the Americas...
January 4, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770046/blastomycosis-hospitalizations-in-northwestern-ontario-2006-2015
#17
S Litvinjenko, D Lunny
Background: Blastomycosis, caused by the organism Blastomyces dermatitidis, is an invasive fungal disease found in Central Canada and Central and Midwestern United States. Objective: To describe trends in and epidemiology of hospitalized cases of blastomycosis cases reported among northwestern Ontario residents between 2006 and 2015. Methods: Blastomycosis hospitalization data were extracted from the Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), accessed through IntelliHEALTH Ontario...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760239/dietary-acrylamide-intake-and-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-two-large-prospective-cohorts
#18
Rebecca E Graff, Eunyoung Cho, Mark A Preston, Alejandro Sanchez, Lorelei A Mucci, Kathryn M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that dietary acrylamide intake is not associated with the risk of most cancers in humans. However, a meta-analysis of five epidemiological studies found a suggestion of an increased risk of kidney cancer with higher dietary acrylamide intake. METHODS: We investigated this association in the prospective Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2014) and Nurses' Health Study (1980-2014) cohorts. Dietary acrylamide intake was calculated based on 46 acrylamide-containing foods reported on food frequency questionnaires completed every four years...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753919/epidemiology-of-orofacial-clefts-in-a-danish-county-over-35-years-before-and-after-implementation-of-a-prenatal-screening-programme-for-congenital-anomalies
#19
Eva Berenth Paaske, Ester Garne
In 2004 the Danish National Board of Health changed its screening recommendations. Since 2005 a first trimester screening for Down syndrome and a prenatal ultrasound screening for congenital anomalies in the second trimester of pregnancy has been offered to all pregnant women. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of cleft lip with or without cleft palate and cleft palate in a Danish area and to describe associated anomalies and the development in prenatal diagnosis over time. The study was based on data from the EUROCAT Registry for Funen County...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752892/high-vertical-hiv-transmission-rate-in-the-midwest-region-of-brazil
#20
Vanessa Terezinha Gubert de Matos, Fabiani de Morais Batista, Naiara Valera Versage, Clarice Souza Pinto, Vanessa Marcon de Oliveira, Érica Freire de Vasconcelos Pereira, Roberta Barbeta Dos Rios de Matos, Márcia Maria Ferrairo Janini Dal Fabbro, Ana Lúcia Lyrio de Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: To estimate vertical HIV transmission rate in a capital city of the Midwest region of Brazil and describe the factors related to transmission. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological study based on the analysis of secondary data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). The analysis considered all HIV-infected pregnant women with delivery in Campo Grande-MS in the years 2007-2013 and their HIV-exposed infants. RESULTS: A total of 218 births of 176 HIV-infected pregnant women were identified during the study period, of which 187 infants were exposed and uninfected, 19 seroconverted, and 12 were still inconclusive in July 2015...
May 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
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