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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137332/long-noncoding-rna-xist-is-a-prognostic-factor-in-colorectal-cancer-and-inhibits-5-fluorouracil-induced-cell-cytotoxicity-through-promoting-thymidylate-synthase-expression
#1
Yang Xiao, Usenko Alexander Yurievich, Smorzhevskyi Valentyn Yosypovych
A major reason for the failure of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment is the occurrence of chemoresistance to 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-based treatment. Recent studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are critical regulators in chemoresistance. By using the next generation HiSeq sequencing assay, we identified lncRNAs showing differential expression levels in 5FU resistant and non-resistant CRC patients. RT-qPCR was then performed for validation in tissues and serum samples, and lncRNA XIST was verified to be up-regulated in non-responding patients and have considerable diagnostic potential to identify responding patients from non-responding patients...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137328/trends-of-long-noncoding-rna-research-from-2007-to-2016-a-bibliometric-analysis
#2
Yan Miao, Si-Yi Xu, Lu-Si Chen, Ge-Yu Liang, Yue-Pu Pu, Li-Hong Yin
Purpose: This study aims to analyze the scientific output of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) research and construct a model to evaluate publications from the past decade qualitatively and quantitatively. Methods: Publications from 2007 to 2016 were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database. Microsoft Excel 2016 and CiteSpace IV software were used to analyze publication outputs, journals, countries, institutions, authors, citation counts, ESI top papers, H-index, and research frontiers...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130102/knockdown-of-lncrna-xist-enhances-the-chemosensitivity-of-nsclc-cells-via-suppression-of-autophagy
#3
Wei Sun, Yukun Zu, Xiangning Fu, Yu Deng
Drug resistance is the major factor contributing to the failure of chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Emerging evidence suggests that autophagy plays a vital role in the chemoresistance of many types of tumors. However, the exact mechanism underlying the chemoresistance of NSCLC is still elusive, and it is unclear whether lncRNA-XIST is involved in autophagy and chemoresistance of NSCLC. In the present study, we demonstrated that lncRNA-XIST was overexpressed in NSCLC tumor samples, and knockdown of lncRNA-XIST significantly decreased autophagy by regulation of ATG7 as determined by qPCR and by western blotting...
December 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115665/effects-of-xist-mir-137-axis-on-neuropathic-pain-by-targeting-tnfaip1-in-a-rat-model
#4
Ying Zhao, Sen Li, Min Xiao, Yan Shi, Chang-Ming Zhao
Non-coding RNAs have been reported to participate in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain. The objective of our study was to investigate the biological role of XIST in neuropathic pain development. In our study, we identify and validate that lncRNA XIST was markedly increased and miR-137 was significantly decreased in chronic constriction injury (CCI) rats. XIST silencing alleviated pain behaviors including both mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia in the CCI rats. XIST was predicted to interact with miR-137 by bioinformatics technology and dual-luciferase reporter assays confirmed the correlation between XIST and miR-137...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100288/long-noncoding-rna-xist-promotes-malignancies-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-via-regulation-of-mir-101-ezh2
#5
Xiaoliang Wu, Xiaoxiao Dinglin, Xing Wang, Wen Luo, Qi Shen, Yong Li, Ling Gu, Qianghua Zhou, Haotu Zhu, Yanjie Li, Chaodi Tan, Xianzi Yang, Zhenfeng Zhang
The long non-coding RNA XIST is a long non-coding RNA that associates with polycomb repressive complex 2 to regulate X-chromosome inactivation in female mammals. The biological roles as well as the underlying mechanisms of XIST in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma remained yet to be solved. Our data indicated that XIST was significantly upregulated in esophageal squamous cancerous tissues and cancer cell lines, as compared with that in the corresponding non-cancerous tissues and immortalized normal squamous epithelial cells...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089420/genomic-imprinting-of-xist-by-maternal-h3k27me3
#6
Azusa Inoue, Lan Jiang, Falong Lu, Yi Zhang
Maternal imprinting at the Xist gene is essential to achieve paternal allele-specific imprinted X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) in female mammals. However, the mechanism underlying Xist imprinting is unclear. Here we show that the Xist locus is coated with a broad H3K27me3 domain that is established during oocyte growth and persists through preimplantation development in mice. Loss of maternal H3K27me3 induces maternal Xist expression and maternal XCI in preimplantation embryos. Our study thus identifies maternal H3K27me3 as the imprinting mark of Xist...
October 1, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076549/dna-methylation-and-expression-of-imprinted-genes-are-associated-with-the-viability-of-different-sexual-cloned-buffaloes
#7
Z Ruan, X Zhao, X Qin, C Luo, X Liu, Y Deng, P Zhu, Z Li, B Huang, D Shi, F Lu
The DNA methylation of imprinted genes is an important way to regulate epigenetic reprogramming of donor cells in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). However, the effects of sexual distinction on the DNA methylation of imprinted genes in cloned animals have seldom been reported. In this study, we analysed the DNA methylation status of three imprinted genes (Xist, IGF2 and H19) from liveborn cloned buffaloes (L group, three female and three male), stillborn cloned buffaloes (S group, three female and three male) and natural reproduction buffaloes (N group, three female and three male), using bisulphite sequencing polymerase chain reaction (BS-PCR)...
October 27, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053187/xist-promotes-gastric-cancer-gc-progression-through-tgf-%C3%AE-1-via-targeting-mir-185
#8
Quan Zhang, Baiyu Chen, Ping Liu, Jing Yang
LncRNAs and microRNAs can play significant roles in various cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). In our study, we investigated the role of lncRNA XIST in GC. We observed that XIST was increased in MGC803 and BGC823 cells compared to human normal gastric epithelial GES-1 cells. It was also shown that miR-185 was decreased in GC cell lines. Silencing XIST can inhibit the growth of GC cells and bioinformatics analysis was performed to confirm the correlation between XIST and miR-185. Interestingly, a negative correlation was indicated between XIST and miR-185 in GC cells...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050247/rnai-mediated-knockdown-of-parp1-does-not-improve-the-development-of-female-cloned-mouse-embryos
#9
Guang-Yu Bai, Si-Hang Song, Rui-Zhen Sun, Zi-Hui Zhang, Jingyu Li, Zhen-Dong Wang, Zhong-Hua Liu, Lei Lei
Somatic cell nuclear transfer is an important technique for life science research, but its efficiency is still extremely low, and most genes that are important during early development, such as X chromosome-linked genes, are not appropriately expressed during this process. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an enzyme that transfers ADP ribose clusters to target proteins. PARP family members such as PARP1 participate in cellular signalling pathways through poly (ADP-ribosylation) (PARylation), which ultimately promotes changes in chromatin structure, gene expression, and the localization and activity of proteins that mediate signalling responses...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048648/long-non-coding-rna-xist-regulates-pdcd4-expression-by-interacting-with-mir-21-5p-and-inhibits-osteosarcoma-cell-growth-and-metastasis
#10
Rui Zhang, Tian Xia
lncRNA-X-inactive specific transcript (lncRNA XIST) has been demonstrated to be a tumor suppressor involved in the pathogenesis and development of various cancers. However, the function of XIST and its working mechanism in osteosarcoma (OS) remain enigmatic. Firstly, we determined the expression of XIST in OS tissues and cell lines by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and explored whether aberrant XIST expression was associated with recurrence and short overall survival. Furthermore, the effects of XIST on osteosarcoma cells were studied by lentivirus mediated overexpression approach in vitro and in vivo...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039571/larp1-is-regulated-by-the-xist-mir-374a-axis-and-functions-as-an-oncogene-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#11
Zhizheng Xu, Jing Xu, Huoquan Lu, Bin Lin, Shaopeng Cai, Jun Guo, Farong Zang, Rui Chen
La-related protein 1 (LARP1) is a conserved RNA-binding protein and is known to regulate 5'-terminal oligopyrimidine tract (TOP) mRNA translation. Dysregulated LARP1 has been reported to be related to the development of several cancers. However, the exact function and mechanism of LARP1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is largely unknown. In the present study, we found that the mRNA levels of LARP1 were increased in NSCLC cells compared to those in normal control cells. Knockdown of LARP1 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion in NSCLC cells and tumourigenicity in H520 cells...
October 17, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039538/potential-lncrna-diagnostic-biomarkers-for-early-gastric-cancer
#12
Qin Lu, Ting Yu, Xilong Ou, Dazhong Cao, Ting Xie, Xia Chen
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve important functions in many crucial biological processes; however, the effects of lncRNAs in early gastric cancer (EGC) are not entirely clear. The present study aimed to demonstrate the potential of lncRNAs to be used as biomarkers in EGC. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression levels of lncRNAs, including X inactive‑specific transcript (XIST), Yiya, brain cytoplasmic RNA 1 (BCYRN1), ribosomal RNA processing 1B (RRP1B), KCNQ1 opposite transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) and testes development related 1 (TDRG1), in EGC tissues compared with normal adjacent tissues (NATs)...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029436/xist-mir-139-axis-regulates-bleomycin-blm-induced-extracellular-matrix-ecm-and-pulmonary-fibrosis-through-%C3%AE-catenin
#13
Yichun Wang, Ying Liang, Junming Luo, Jing Nie, Huiming Yin, Qiong Chen, Jing Dong, Jixiang Zhu, Jiamei Xia, Wei Shuai
Pulmonary fibrosis (PF), characterized by the destruction of lung tissue architecture and the abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, currently has no satisfactory treatment. In the present study, we investigated the hypothesis that XIST play a promotive role in bleomycin (BLM)-induced ECM and pulmonary fibrosis; XIST exerts its effect through miR-139 regulation. XIST expression was upregulated in lung tissues derived from BLM-induced mouse model of PF, and was positively correlated with β-catenin and ECM protein levels, respectively...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025584/regulatory-mechanisms-of-long-noncoding-rnas-on-gene-expression-in-cancers
#14
REVIEW
Weiliang Sun, Yunben Yang, Chunjing Xu, Junming Guo
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a heterogeneous class of RNAs that are non-protein coding transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides. In this review, we introduce the mechanisms by which lncRNAs regulate gene expression in four parts, epigenetic regulation (genetic imprinting and chromatin remodeling), transcriptional regulation (molecular decoy), post-transcriptional regulation (splicing and mRNA decay), and translational regulation. H19, Xist, and others are involved in genomic imprinting. HOTAIR and ANRIL function in chromatin remodeling...
October 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991910/loss-of-xist-rna-from-the-inactive-x-during-b-cell-development-is-restored-in-a-dynamic-yy1-dependent-two-step-process-in-activated-b-cells
#15
Camille M Syrett, Vishal Sindhava, Suchita Hodawadekar, Arpita Myles, Guanxiang Liang, Yue Zhang, Satabdi Nandi, Michael Cancro, Michael Atchison, Montserrat C Anguera
X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) in female lymphocytes is uniquely regulated, as the inactive X (Xi) chromosome lacks localized Xist RNA and heterochromatin modifications. Epigenetic profiling reveals that Xist RNA is lost from the Xi at the pro-B cell stage and that additional heterochromatic modifications are gradually lost during B cell development. Activation of mature B cells restores Xist RNA and heterochromatin to the Xi in a dynamic two-step process that differs in timing and pattern, depending on the method of B cell stimulation...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988701/choosing-the-active-x-the-human-version-of-x-inactivation
#16
REVIEW
Barbara R Migeon
Humans and rodents differ in how they carry out X inactivation (XI), the mammalian method to compensate for the different number of X chromosomes in males and females. Evolutionary changes in staging embryogenesis and in mutations within the XI center alter the process among mammals. The mouse model of XI is predicated on X counting and subsequently choosing the X to 'inactivate'. However, new evidence suggests that humans initiate XI by protecting one X in both sexes from inactivation by XIST, the noncoding RNA that silences the inactive X...
October 5, 2017: Trends in Genetics: TIG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985197/downregulation-of-lncrna-x-inactive-specific-transcript-xist-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-enhances-radiosensitivity-by-upregulating-mir-29c-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells
#17
Qian Han, Liang Li, Hengpo Liang, Yaqiong Li, Jiacun Xie, Zhibin Wang
BACKGROUND LncRNA X inactive specific transcript (XIST) was reported to function as an oncogene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells (NPC) by sponging miR-34a-5p. However, the role of XIST in modulating the radiosensitivity of NPC cells and its mechanism still remain undefined. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expressions of XIST and miR-29c in NPC cells were evaluated by qRT-PCR. CNE1 and CNE2 cells were transfected with si-XIST, pcDNA-XIST, miR-29c mimics, anti-miR-29c, or respective controls by Lipofectamine 2000. The effects of XIST knockdown and miR-29c overexpression on cell proliferation, survival fraction, and γ-H2AX expression were investigated by CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, immunofluorescence, and Western blot, respectively...
October 6, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961027/lncrna-xist-promotes-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells-to-cisplatin-resistance-via-let-7i-bag-1-axis
#18
Jing Sun, Li-Ming Pan, Li-Bo Chen, Yue Wang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as oncogenes or tumor suppressors that are involved in tumorigenesis and chemoresistance. LncRNA XIST expression is upregulated in several cancers, however, its biologic role in the development of the chemotherapy of human lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) has not been elucidated. This study aimed to observe the expression of LncRNA XIST in LAD and to evaluate its biologic role and clinical significance in the resistance of LAD cells to cisplatin. LncRNA XIST expression was markedly increased in cisplatin-resistant A549/DDP cells compared with parental A549 cells as shown by qRT-PCR...
September 29, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947736/genetic-and-epigenetic-features-direct-differential-efficiency-of-xist-mediated-silencing-at-x-chromosomal-and-autosomal-locations
#19
Agnese Loda, Johannes H Brandsma, Ivaylo Vassilev, Nicolas Servant, Friedemann Loos, Azadeh Amirnasr, Erik Splinter, Emmanuel Barillot, Raymond A Poot, Edith Heard, Joost Gribnau
Xist is indispensable for X chromosome inactivation. However, how Xist RNA directs chromosome-wide silencing and why some regions are more efficiently silenced than others remains unknown. Here, we explore the function of Xist by inducing ectopic Xist expression from multiple different X-linked and autosomal loci in mouse aneuploid and female diploid embryonic stem cells in which Xist-mediated silencing does not lead to lethal functional monosomy. We show that ectopic Xist expression faithfully recapitulates endogenous X chromosome inactivation from any location on the X chromosome, whereas long-range silencing of autosomal genes is less efficient...
September 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947664/polycomb-complexes-in-x-chromosome-inactivation
#20
REVIEW
Neil Brockdorff
Identifying the critical RNA binding proteins (RBPs) that elicit Xist mediated silencing has been a key goal in X inactivation research. Early studies implicated the Polycomb proteins, a family of factors linked to one of two major multiprotein complexes, PRC1 and PRC2 (Wang 2001 Nat. Genet.28, 371-375 (doi:10.1038/ng574); Silva 2003 Dev. Cell4, 481-495 (doi:10.1016/S1534-5807(03)00068-6); de Napoles 2004 Dev. Cell7, 663-676 (doi:10.1016/j.devcel.2004.10.005); Plath 2003 Science300, 131-135 (doi:10.1126/science...
November 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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