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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741408/shifting-perspectives-on-pain-management-after-an-interprofessional-international-service-learning-experience-a-qualitative-assessment-of-pilot-data
#1
Catherine D Noonan, Sarah Scow, Brittany A Sheagley, Jennifer Bunn
Interprofessional education and international service learning (ISL) experiences are increasing in healthcare education and have the potential to broaden healthcare providers' strategies to manage patients' pain. After the addition of a physical therapy (PT) cohort to an existing interprofessional ISL, survey data was collected for program evaluation. Responses indicated altered ideation regarding the role of PT in pain management, and this theme was investigated further. Following two one-week interprofessional ISL experiences in Honduras in 2015 (Y1) and 2016 (Y2), participating students and preceptors in pharmacy, physician assistant and osteopathic medicine and Y1 PT preceptors were surveyed regarding their impressions of the PT cohort and the PT profession in general...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685247/guidelines-for-hospital-privileges-in-vascular-surgery-and-endovascular-interventions-recommendations-of-the-society-for-vascular-surgery
#2
Keith D Calligaro, Kwame S Amankwah, Marcus D'Ayala, O William Brown, Paul Steven Collins, Mohammad H Eslami, Krishna M Jain, Daniel S Kassavin, Brandon Propper, Timur P Sarac, William P Shutze, Thomas H Webb
The Hospital Privileges Practice Guideline Writing Group of the Society for Vascular Surgery is making the following five recommendations concerning guidelines for hospital privileges for vascular surgery and endovascular therapy. Advanced endovascular procedures are currently entrenched in the everyday practice of specialized vascular interventionalists, including vascular surgeons, but open vascular surgery remains uniquely essential to the specialty. First, we endorse the Residency Review Committee for Surgery recommendations regarding open and endovascular cases during vascular residency and fellowship training...
May 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582057/factors-associated-with-osteopathic-primary-care-residency-choice-decisions
#3
Godwin Y Dogbey, Karen Collins, Ronald Russ, Grace D Brannan, Matt Mivsek, Sarah Sewell
Context: The osteopathic medical profession traditionally emphasized the education of primary care physicians. A common thread for both osteopathic and allopathic residency matches, however, has been an increase in the interest in specialties outside of primary care. Objective: To determine whether there are critical points in medical school associated with residency selection decision-making, what factors affect residency selection decisions, and whether any identifiable shifts or trends exist...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582056/educational-intervention-in-a-medically-underserved-area
#4
Joel Atance, Morgan Mickalis, Brianna Kincade
Context: Medical students from rural and medically underserved areas (MUAs) are more likely than their peers to practice medicine in rural areas and MUAs. However, students from MUAs are also more likely to face socioeconomic barriers to a career in medicine. Objective: To determine whether a week-long summer enrichment experience (SEE) at Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine-Carolinas could successfully teach high school students from MUAs basic biomedical concepts and foster an interest in medicine and the health sciences...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491495/comparison-of-strengthsquest-signature-themes-in-student-pharmacists-and-other-health-care-profession-students
#5
Timothy J Bloom
Objective. To determine whether there is a distinctive pattern of StrengthsQuest Signature Themes or leadership domains for Doctor of Pharmacy students compared to students in other health care professional programs. Methods. Students in Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD), Master of Physician Assistant (PA), Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) programs at Campbell University completed the online Clifton StrengthsQuest assessment and received their Signature Themes. The frequency of individual themes and the leadership domains into which they are sorted by Gallup was analyzed for each program...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480920/physician-mentored-patient-rounds-to-observe-and-assess-entrustable-professional-activities-1-and-2-in-preclinical-medical-students
#6
Neal R Chamberlain, Patricia S Sexton, Matthew R Hardee, Robert W Baer
Context: Thirteen entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for entering residency were created to aid medical educators as they prepare preclinical students for their residency and to assess student readiness for residency. The A.T. Still University Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine (ATSU-KCOM) developed a program called physician-mentored patient rounds (PMPR), which focuses on EPA 1 and EPA 2. Objective: To determine whether PMPRs could be used to assess expected behaviors of EPA 1 (gather a history and perform a physical examination) and EPA 2 (prioritize a differential diagnosis after a clinical encounter)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472277/documenting-stage-1-and-2-meaningful-use-criteria-a-comparison-of-clinical-pharmacists-with-other-healthcare-providers
#7
Osamah M Alfayez, Sandra Leal, Terri Warholak
PURPOSE: Documentation of Stage 1 and Stage 2 Meaningful Use (MU) criteria for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus between clinical pharmacists and other healthcare providers was compared. METHODS: Patients seen at 8 clinics in a federally qualified health center who had type 2 diabetes mellitus and were seen by clinical pharmacists or other healthcare providers were randomly selected for inclusion in this retrospective study. Approximately half of the encounters were evaluated for Stage 1 MU compliance (encounters from October through December 2014), and half were evaluated for Stage 2 MU compliance (encounters from January through March 2015)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465664/knowledge-practices-and-barriers-to-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-prescribing-among-washington-state-medical-providers
#8
Brian R Wood, Vanessa M McMahan, Kelly Naismith, Jonathan B Stockton, Lori A Delaney, Joanne D Stekler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) awareness and prescribing practices among Washington State medical providers from diverse professional disciplines and practice types. METHODS: In May 2016, we administered an anonymous online survey to licensed medical practitioners who provide primary, longitudinal, walk-in, emergency, obstetric, gynecologic, sexually transmitted infection (STI), or family planning care. RESULTS: Of 735 eligible providers, 64...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461138/enablers-and-barriers-to-the-development-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
Osteopathy is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that is growing in popularity. Increasing numbers of parents are seeking pediatric osteopathic care in addition to conventional medical care. Information about the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between these practitioners is scarce. This explanatory sequential mixed methods study aimed to explore enablers of and barriers to the development of IPC between physicians and osteopaths involved with pediatric patients in primary care in Quebec, Canada...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400625/undisclosed-conflicts-of-interest-among-biomedical-textbook-authors
#10
Brian J Piper, Drew A Lambert, Ryan C Keefe, Phoebe U Smukler, Nicolas A Selemon, Zachary R Duperry
BACKGROUND: Textbooks are a formative resource for health care providers during their education and are also an enduring reference for pathophysiology and treatment. Unlike the primary literature and clinical guidelines, biomedical textbook authors do not typically disclose potential financial conflicts of interest (pCoIs). The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the authors of textbooks used in the training of physicians, pharmacists, and dentists had appreciable undisclosed pCoIs in the form of patents or compensation received from pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies...
February 5, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379966/conceptualizing-addiction-from-an-osteopathic-perspective-dopamine-homeostasis
#11
Dave Baron, Kenneth Blum, Anthony Chen, Mark Gold, Rajendra D Badgaiyan
Addiction is a public health crisis in the United States. Understanding the cause and providing effective treatment for patients-in particular, those with substance use disorders-is challenging. Research has demonstrated that addiction is not a flaw in one's moral fiber or a disease of choice; rather, it is driven by alterations in neuronal mechanisms, especially those that involve the neurotransmitter dopamine, which plays a critical role in the brain's reward pathway. Much of osteopathic philosophy is based on the concept of total body homeostasis and allostasis...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309088/medical-student-decision-making-standard-surgical-excision-or-mohs-micrographic-surgery-to-manage-basal-cell-carcinoma
#12
Christopher Mancuso, Jeffrey B Morris, Nilda Hernandez, M Isabel Fernandez
Context: As future physicians, osteopathic medical students will play a critical role in helping patients make informed decisions regarding treatment options. Objective: To examine the influence that the time, cost, and cosmetic effects associated with treatment options for basal cell carcinoma (BCC), along with students' demographic characteristics, have on treatment decision-making. The influence that different sources of information have on students was also studied...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307457/integration-of-doctors-of-chiropractic-into-private-sector-health-care-facilities-in-the-united-states-a-descriptive-survey
#13
Stacie A Salsbury, Christine M Goertz, Elissa J Twist, Anthony J Lisi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic, facility, and practice characteristics of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) working in private sector health care settings in the United States. METHODS: We conducted an online, cross-sectional survey using a purposive sample of DCs (n = 50) working in integrated health care facilities. The 36-item survey collected demographic, facility, chiropractic, and interdisciplinary practice characteristics, which were analyzed with descriptive statistics...
February 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234380/compression-of-the-fourth-ventricle-using-a-craniosacral-osteopathic-technique-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Anna Żurowska, Roksana Malak, Anna Kołcz-Trzęsicka, Włodzimierz Samborski, Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz
Compression of the fourth ventricle (CV4) is a well-known osteopathic procedure, utilized by osteopaths, osteopathic physicians, craniosacral therapists, physical therapists, and manual therapists as part of their healthcare practice based on some evidence suggesting impact on nervous system functions. The main objective of the study was to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the clinical benefits of CV4 and to show the evidence supporting clinical prescriptions, guides, and advice in treating...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229691/opinion-and-special-articles-neurology-education-at-us-osteopathic-medical-schools
#15
Daniel A Freedman, Dara V F Albert
Osteopathic medical schools have a longstanding tradition of training primary care physicians (PCP). Neurologic symptoms are common in the PCP's office and there is an undersupply of neurologists in the United States. It is therefore crucial for osteopathic medical students to have a strong foundation in clinical neurology. Despite the importance, a mere 6% of osteopathic medical schools have required neurology clerkships. Furthermore, exposure to neurology in medical school through required clerkships has been correlated with matching into neurology residency...
December 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227505/neurobiology-of-sexual-assault-and-osteopathic-considerations-for-trauma-informed-care-and-practice
#16
Kristen M Cuevas, Jane Balbo, Krista Duval, Elizabeth A Beverly
Sexual assault is a traumatic event with potentially devastating lifelong effects on physical and emotional health. Sexual assault is associated with gastrointestinal, neurologic, and reproductive symptoms, as well as obesity, diabetes, and chronic pain. With 1 in 3 women and 1 in 6 men experiencing some form of unwanted sexual violence in their lifetime, sexual assault is a significant public health problem that necessitates attention in the medical community. This review discusses relevant literature on the neurobiologic changes that occur as a consequence of sexual assault, such as how the brain responds during a traumatic experience and the impact of trauma on memory...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202144/best-uses-of-osteopathic-manipulation
#17
REVIEW
Andrew H Slattengren, Tanner Nissly, Jodi Blustin, Andrew Bader, Erin Westfall
With the growing number of DOs and the high utilization of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), it is important for all physicians to understand the role OMT can play in the treatment of conditions ranging from low back pain to irritable bowel syndrome so that patients may be offered, or referred for, the treatment when appropriate.
December 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181520/predictors-of-osteopathic-medical-students-readiness-to-use-health-information-technology
#18
Robin J Jacobs, Hassan Iqbal, Arif M Rana, Zaid Rana, Michael N Kane
Context: The advent of health information technology (HIT) tools can affect the practice of modern medicine in many ways, ideally by improving quality of care and efficiency and reducing medical errors. Future physicians will play a key role in the successful implementation of HIT. However, osteopathic medical students' willingness to learn, adopt, and use technology in a health care setting is not well understood. Objective: To understand osteopathic medical students' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIT and to identify factors that may be related to their readiness to use HIT...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180562/the-single-graduate-medical-education-gme-accreditation-system-will-change-the-future-of-the-family-medicine-workforce
#19
Michael R Peabody, Thomas R O'Neill, Aimee R Eden, James C Puffer
BACKGROUND: Due to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)/American Osteopathic Association (AOA) single-accreditation model, the specialty of family medicine may see as many as 150 programs and 500 trainees in AOA-accredited programs seek ACGME accreditation. This analysis serves to better understand the composition of physicians completing family medicine residency training and their subsequent certification by the American Board of Family Medicine. METHODS: We identified residents who completed an ACGME-accredited or dual-accredited family medicine residency program between 2006 and 2016 and cross-tabulated the data by graduation year and by educational background (US Medical Graduate-MD [USMG-MD], USMG-DO, or International Medical Graduate-MD [IMG-MD]) to examine the cohort composition trend over time...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#20
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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