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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893142/assessment-of-hospital-staff-s-knowledge-of-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-a-survey-based-study
#1
Jessica B Smith-Kelly, Andres Cardenas
CONTEXT: Research has shown that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in hospitalized patients can shorten hospital length of stay. However, hospital staff may be unfamiliar with OMT and its use in this setting. OBJECTIVE: To assess a hospital staff's knowledge of osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) and investigate whether there is a correlation between job category and knowledge of OMM. METHODS: The study used a 13-item survey that was developed using SurveyMonkey...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802561/programmatic-approach-to-increasing-osteopathic-medical-student-participation-in-research-the-tcom-experience
#2
Peggy Smith-Barbaro, Albert H O-Yurvati
Providing medical students with a meaningful research-based educational experience will help them become exemplary physicians and informed consumers of medical research outcomes in the practice of evidence-based medicine. By participating in research projects during medical school, students have the opportunity to study specific fields that interest them in greater depth and develop their written and oral presentation skills. Studies indicate that students who have participated in research and scholarly activities during medical school are at an advantage when matching to their preferred residency...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802560/outcomes-oriented-medical-training-a-critical-curricular-design-consideration-in-developing-21st-century-health-care-professionals
#3
Darrin D'Agostino, Frank J Papa
The core competencies of medical schools and residencies have initiated a change in curricular design but have been limited in their execution of systems-based practice. The introduction of milestones and entrustable professional activities has emerged to enhance the current educational paradigm. Linking public health systemic approaches with evidence-based practices focused on population-level health care will affect patients more than current non-systems-based approaches. Curricular redesign, including population health-based strategies, public health competency, health care policy, and education linking the "determinants of health" to patient care, will better prepare future physicians to practice in the emerging paradigm of health care of the future...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802559/faculty-development-directed-at-curricular-reforms-designed-to-improve-patient-outcomes
#4
Frank J Papa, Darrin D'Agostino
Three initiatives involving quality of patient outcomes that evolved in the late 1990s must be considered in the design of 21st century undergraduate medical curricula. They involve (1) the question of how to best teach and assess medical competencies, (2) growing concerns regarding the frequency and severity of error in medical care, and (3) the role physicians might play in weaving together the overlapping elements of population-, community-, and systems-based practice into a codified approach to medical care...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729446/directing-discipline-state-medical-board-responsiveness-to-state-legislatures
#5
Denise F Lillvis, Robert J McGrath
State medical boards are increasingly responsible for regulating medical and osteopathic licensure and professional conduct in the United States. Yet, there is great variation in the extent to which such boards take disciplinary action against physicians, indicating that some boards are more zealous regulators than others. We look to the political roots of such variation and seek to answer a simple, yet important, question: are nominally apolitical state medical boards responsive to political preferences? To address this question, we use panel data on disciplinary actions across sixty-four state medical boards from 1993 through 2006 and control for over-time changes in board characteristics (e...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669071/effect-of-medical-education-on-empathy-in-osteopathic-medical-students
#6
Adam J McTighe, Robert A DiTomasso, Stephanie Felgoise, Mohammadreza Hojat
CONTEXT: Empathy is an integral component of the patient-physician relationship and involves a cognitive ability to connect with others in a meaningful fashion. Multiple longitudinal studies have shown that self-reported allopathic medical student empathy declines significantly during year 3. However, to date, only 4 cross-sectional studies have been published on osteopathic medical students' empathy. Whereas studies of allopathic medical students reported a decline in empathy, similar results were not found in osteopathic studies...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669069/a-t-still-s-osteopathic-lesion-theory-and-evidence-based-models-supporting-the-emerged-concept-of-somatic-dysfunction
#7
Torsten Liem
Andrew Taylor Still, MD, DO, coined the original idea of lesion based on the obstruction of flow of body fluids, but primarily referring to bony structures and more precisely to the spine. Throughout the 20th century, this idea was shaped and developed into the concept of somatic dysfunction, a term that is familiar to both US-trained osteopathic physicians and foreign-trained osteopaths and has been an essential cornerstone of osteopathic practice and teaching. The present historical narrative review offers an overview of the evolution of Still's original lesion concept, major evidence-based models of somatic dysfunction that attempt to explain the clinical findings, and a critique of the concept...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669067/correlation-between-standardize-patients-perceptions-of-osteopathic-medical-students-and-students-self-rated-empathy
#8
Adam J McTighe, Robert A DiTomasso, Stephanie Felgoise, Mohammadreza Hojat
CONTEXT: The use of standardized patients (SPs) promotes and enhances interpersonal skill sets of medical students and provides a critical opportunity for students to display their relational competence during simulated patient encounters. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether SPs' ratings of osteopathic medical students' empathy and interpersonal skills correlate with students' self-rated empathy. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional quantitative design...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455103/american-osteopathic-association-guidelines-for-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-omt-for-patients-with-low-back-pain
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement conventional management of musculoskeletal disorders, including those that cause low back pain (LBP). Osteopathic manipulative treatment is defined in the Glossary of Osteopathic Terminology as "The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician (U.S. Usage) to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367951/quantitative-description-of-medical-student-interest-in-neurology-and-psychiatry
#10
Raddy L Ramos, Joshua A Cuoco, Erik Guercio, Thomas Levitan
CONTEXT: Given the well-documented shortage of physicians in primary care and several other specialties, quantitative understanding of residency application and matching data among osteopathic and allopathic medical students has implications for predicting trends in the physician workforce. OBJECTIVES: To estimate medical student interest in neurology and psychiatry based on numbers of applicants and matches to neurology and psychiatry osteopathic and allopathic residency programs...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330673/authorship-trends-of-emergency-medicine-publications-over-the-last-two-decades
#11
Richard Lammers, Thomas Simunich, John Ashurst
INTRODUCTION: With the recent merger of the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) a heightened pressure for publication may become evident. Our objective was to determine whether there was a gap in the type of both medical degree designation and advanced degree designation among authorship in three United States-based academic emergency medicine journals. METHODS: We reviewed the Journal of Emergency Medicine, Academic Emergency Medicine and Annals of Emergency Medicine for the type of degree designation that the first and senior authors had obtained for the years 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014...
May 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27304439/geographic-distribution-of-otolaryngologists-in-the-united-states
#12
Thad W Vickery, Robbie Weterings, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
We conducted a study to determine the demographic traits, training characteristics, and geographic distribution of otolaryngologists in the United States using publicly available data. We then correlated our findings with U.S. census data. Univariate analysis was performed to analyze results, with a p value of <0.05 determined as significant. We used data from the American Board of Otolaryngology's list of 18,587 board-certified allopathic otolaryngologists through 2013 and the American Osteopathic Colleges of Ophthalmology & Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery's list of 428 osteopathic otolaryngologists...
June 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254014/the-predictive-validity-of-the-national-board-of-osteopathic-medical-examiners-comlex-usa-examinations-with-regard-to-outcomes-on-american-board-of-family-medicine-examinations
#13
Thomas R O'Neill, Michael R Peabody, Hao Song
PURPOSE: To examine the predictive validity of the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners' Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States of America (COMLEX-USA) series with regard to the American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM's) In-Training Examination (ITE) and Maintenance of Certification for Family Physicians (MC-FP) Examination. METHOD: A repeated-measures design was employed, using test scores across seven levels of training for 1,023 DOs who took the MC-FP for the first time between April 2012 and November 2014 and for whom the ABFM had ITE scores for each of their residency years...
May 31, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214772/correlation-of-somatic-dysfunction-with-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-findings-an-observational-study
#14
Karen T Snider, Robert P Schneider, Eric J Snider, Jay B Danto, Charles W Lehnardt, Christopher S Ngo, Jane C Johnson, Timothy A Sheneman
CONTEXT: Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy provides a novel means of correlating visceral abnormalities with somatic dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation of palpatory findings of somatic dysfunction with GI abnormalities determined by endoscopy and to identify which types of somatic dysfunction were most commonly correlated with GI abnormalities. METHODS: In this observational, cross-sectional study, participants who were scheduled to receive an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), colonoscopy, or both were examined by 2 osteopathic physicians immediately prior to endoscopy for the presence of vertebral tenderness, asymmetry, restricted range of motion, and tissue texture abnormalities (TART findings); tenderness of anterior Chapman reflex points; and tenderness of visceral sphincters...
June 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213143/osteopathic-medical-student-administered-smoking-cessation-counseling-is-an-effective-tool
#15
Barbara Capozzi, Ariel Chez, Taissia Carpenter, Laura Hubert, Lissa Hewan-Lowe, Asli Ozcan, Sonu Sahni
BACKGROUND: Physician counseling on the risks of tobacco smoking and the benefits of cessation has been shown to be an effective method of increasing the rate of smoking cessation. Using the "Help Your Patients Quit Smoking: A Coaching Guide" also referred to as the "7A's of Smoking Cessation" guideline from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene is thought to be effective to convey the importance of smoking cessation. AIM: To study the efficacy of the "7A's of Smoking Cessation" guideline counseling conducted by osteopathic medical students...
April 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111786/transient-ischemic-attack-after-foam-sclerotherapy-in-a-woman-with-a-patent-foramen-ovale
#16
Michael Kim, Mehrdad Niroumandpour, Brian Poustinchian
Sclerotherapy is an increasingly popular treatment modality for patients with chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins. Potential complications of foam sclerotherapy include cerebrovascular accidents and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who had a TIA shortly after undergoing foam sclerotherapy. She had presented for treatment with no confirmed risk factors for microemboli formation or thrombus. After the procedure, however, she had transient visual loss, dysarthria, confusion, and frontal headache, which resolved within 30 minutes of onset...
May 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111784/growing-research-among-osteopathic-residents-and-medical-students-a-consortium-based-research-education-continuum-model
#17
Grace D Brannan
In general, physicians' interest in research continues to be a challenge. The lack of research culture is more pronounced in the osteopathic medical profession, which is historically not research oriented. With increasing focus on evidence-based medicine and with the single accreditation system for graduate medical education in motion, growing research and scholarly activities among osteopathic physicians and students and residents becomes imperative. This article illustrates how an educational consortium, such as an osteopathic postdoctoral training institution, can play a pivotal role in creating a culture of research through broad-based training of medical students and residents...
May 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066486/family-physician-perspectives-on-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases
#18
Jordan S Orange, Filiz O Seeborg, Marcia Boyle, Christopher Scalchunes, Vivian Hernandez-Trujillo
Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) include over 250 diverse disorders. The current study assessed management of PID by family practice physicians. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Primary Immunodeficiency Committee and the Immune Deficiency Foundation conducted an incentivized mail survey of family practice physician members of the American Medical Association and the American Osteopathic Association in direct patient care. Responses were compared with subspecialist immunologist responses from a similar survey...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046400/initial-match-rates-of-an-innovative-international-partnership-the-ochsner-clinical-school-experience
#19
Richard E Deichmann, Laura Alder, Leonardo Seoane, William W Pinsky, G Dodd Denton
BACKGROUND: Ochsner Clinical School (OCS) is a unique partnership between Ochsner Health System in New Orleans, LA, and The University of Queensland (UQ) School of Medicine in Brisbane, Australia. OCS trains physicians in global medicine and promotes careers in primary care through its unique structure. The purpose of this study was to determine how OCS graduates perform in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP)-The Match-compared to applicants from other types of medical schools...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018958/preparation-strategies-of-osteopathic-medical-students-for-the-comlex-usa-level-2-pe
#20
Jeanne M Sandella, Alex Peters, Larissa L Smith, John R Gimpel
CONTEXT: Since 2002, osteopathic medical schools have made curricular changes to further enhance the clinical skills of their students, to prepare them for residency training, and to pass the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation (COMLEX-USA Level 2-PE). OBJECTIVE: To report how students at osteopathic medical schools prepare for the COMLEX-USA Level 2-PE, and to investigate the effect of these techniques on examination performance...
April 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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