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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662559/highlights-from-the-american-diabetes-association-s-2017-standards-of-medical-care-in-diabetes-for-osteopathic-physicians
#1
Eric L Johnson, Kim Pfotenhauer, Sarah Bradley, Rita R Kalyani, Jay H Shubrook
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) updates its Standards of Medical Care (SOMC) in Diabetes annually. These ADA standards make up a comprehensive document that serves as an excellent resource for clinical care. The current article comes from the ADA's Primary Care Advisory Group. This article highlights key aspects of the SOMC that are relevant to the day-to-day practice of osteopathic primary care physicians. It is not intended to replace the full SOMC but will refer to the master document for further explanation and evidence-based support...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662556/effect-of-latitude-on-vitamin-d-levels
#2
Patrick F Leary, Ina Zamfirova, Johnathan Au, Ward H McCracken
Context: Vitamin D levels have been linked to bone health and to numerous diseases; however, an element that lacks substantial direct data and limits the evidence basis regarding whom to screen for vitamin D deficiency is the effect of latitude on vitamin D levels. Objectives: To determine whether latitude influences vitamin D levels and to investigate the influence of other factors that may affect vitamin D levels, including sex, race, skin type, and body mass index...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646809/efficacy-of-fascial-distortion-model-treatment-for-acute-nonspecific-low-back-pain-in-primary-care-a-prospective-controlled-trial
#3
Detlef Richter, Matthias Karst, Hartmut Buhck, Matthias G Fink
Context • Low-back pain (LBP) is a prevalent and potentially crippling condition for which treatment is often unsatisfactory from the perspectives of physicians, patients, and payers. The application of the fascial distortion model (FDM), an integrated concept for the diagnosis and manipulative treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, is conceptually promising for LBP but has not been investigated systematically. Objective • The study intended to provide proof of concept to establish the noninferiority of the FDM treatment as opposed to the therapy recommended by the German National Disease Management Guideline (NDMG) for acute LBP...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611882/difference-in-r01-grant-funding-among-osteopathic-and-allopathic-emergency-physicians-over-the-last-decade
#4
Martina Antony, Jennifer Savino, John Ashurst
INTRODUCTION: Receiving an R01 grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is regarded as a major accomplishment for the physician researcher and can be used as a means of scholarly activity for core faculty in emergency medicine (EM). However, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that a grant must be obtained for it to count towards a core faculty member's scholarly activity, while the American Osteopathic Association states that an application for a grant would qualify for scholarly activity whether it is received or not...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556863/use-of-the-fascial-distortion-model-to-evaluate-a-limp-in-a-child
#5
Sarah J James, Jasmine Hudnall
Pediatric limp is a relatively common condition in primary care and can be challenging to diagnose and manage. Common causes of painful pediatric limp include transient synovitis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and trauma. The authors present the case of an 11-year-old girl with a painful limp and anterior ankle pain of unclear origin. Osteopathic structural examination revealed a somatic dysfunction known as continuum distortion, 1 of 6 fascial alterations identified in the fascial distortion model. Myofascial release was applied, providing rapid, complete resolution of symptoms...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556862/therapeutic-hypothermia-to-treat-a-newborn-with-perinatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#6
Todd R Fredricks, Christopher Gibson, Francis Essien, Jeffrey S Benseler
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is caused by neonatal asphyxia and can lead to mortality or long-term neurodevelopmental morbidity in neonates. Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is one of the few effective ways to manage mitigating neurologic sequelae. The authors describe the case of a neonate who had a perinatal hypoxic insult and sustained no long-term sequelae after being treated with TH. It is important that osteopathic physicians who provide obstetric and gynecologic, perinatal, and emergency medical care are able to recognize a perinatal hypoxic event, understand the stratification of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy risk factors, and implement early TH protocols...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556861/osteopathic-medical-students-entering-family-medicine-and-attitudes-regarding-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-preliminary-findings-of-differences-by-sex
#7
Helen H Baker, Machelle Linsenmeyer, Lance C Ridpath, Laurie J Bauer, Robert W Foster
Context: Factors distinguishing osteopathic physicians from their allopathic counterparts include the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), application of osteopathic principles and practice (OPP), and a greater likelihood of entering primary care, specifically family medicine (FM). In the United States, the percentage of entering osteopathic medical students who were female rose from 14.3% in fall 1977 to 44.3% in fall 2015. Objectives: To investigate the perspectives of female osteopathic medical students as they relate to osteopathic distinctiveness...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556860/bridging-the-gap-an-osteopathic-primary-care-centered-approach-to-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#8
Christopher Carls, Predrag Krajacic
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a deadly and incurable disease typically diagnosed in early childhood. Presently, the delay between a caregiver's initial concern and the primary care physician obtaining creatine kinase levels-the most important screening test-is more than a year. It is imperative to diagnose DMD as soon as possible because early treatment has the potential to double the patient's lifespan. In addition, because of geographic and economic disadvantages, multidisciplinary DMD treatment centers are not readily available to all patients...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464140/types-and-distribution-of-payments-from-industry-to-physicians-in-2015
#9
Kathryn R Tringale, Deborah Marshall, Tim K Mackey, Michael Connor, James D Murphy, Jona A Hattangadi-Gluth
Importance: Given scrutiny over financial conflicts of interest in health care, it is important to understand the types and distribution of industry-related payments to physicians. Objective: To determine the types and distribution of industry-related payments to physicians in 2015 and the association of physician specialty and sex with receipt of payments from industry. Design, Setting, and Participants: Observational, retrospective, population-based study of licensed US physicians (per National Plan & Provider Enumeration System) linked to 2015 Open Payments reports of industry payments...
May 2, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459476/an-osteopathic-approach-to-chronic-pain-management
#10
John A Jerome
Chronic pain reduces quality of life and productivity, costing billions in health care dollars and lost revenue. Physicians routinely prescribe opioids, which has led to opioid addiction and overdose. The US surgeon general recommends nonpharmacologic treatment for patients with chronic pain. A paradigm shift is necessary for patients to partner with physicians to take control of their own health. This article outlines the cognitive behavioral approaches, nonopioid therapies, and nonpharmacologic therapies that osteopathic physicians can integrate in their treatment of patients with chronic pain...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459472/preparing-physicians-for-rural-based-primary-care-practice-a-preliminary-evaluation-of-rural-training-initiatives-at-osu-com
#11
Denna L Wheeler, Jeffrey B Hackler
The physician shortage in Oklahoma coupled with geographic maldistribution of primary care physicians limits access to care in rural and underserved areas. One of the most effective strategies to recruit and retain physicians in rural areas is to create undergraduate and graduate medical education training sites in these locations. Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine has implemented a rural training program that begins with early recruitment of rural high school students, introduces medical students to rural practice options through rural clinical training opportunities, and provides opportunities to remain in rural Oklahoma for residency training through ongoing graduate medical education development...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459471/introducing-high-school-students-to-careers-in-osteopathic-medicine
#12
Nedra F Wilson
An aging population and expansion of health care coverage under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act have led to a predicted deficit of primary care physicians by 2025. In response, medical schools must develop new strategies to identify students early in their educational pathways to encourage exploration of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, especially medicine. Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences developed 2 internship programs, Oklahoma Science Training and Research Students (OKStars) and Native OKStars, to introduce high school students to osteopathic medicine...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401276/-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-treatment-options-using-osteopathy
#13
S Marx
Urogenital problems are dramatically increasing; especially chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) poses a major challenge for physicians and therapists. Few forms of therapy have been able to promise relief because the cause of CPPS remains unclear. Functional complaints are increasingly discussed as triggers. Osteopathic treatment has been reported to help many patients in recent years. In this article, the approach and osteopathic point of view of functional complaints are presented. In addition, possible causes for the development of CPPS and important anatomical structures that are directly involved in it are explained...
April 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392599/a-call-to-promote-healthcare-justice-a-summary-of-integrated-outpatient-clinics-exemplifying-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching
#14
Nicole P Waters, Trenton Schmale, Allison Goetz, Jason T Eberl, Jessica H Wells
There is an urgent need to promote healthcare justice for patients as well as members of the healthcare team including physicians. In this article, we explain how principles of Catholic social teaching (i.e., dignity of the individual, common good, destination of goods, solidarity, and subsidiarity) are applied to health care, by featuring various types of outpatient clinics including free, charitable-direct primary care, hybrid, federally qualified health center, and rural health clinic. We describe how attempts have been made to improve the quality and access of health care by creating new medical schools (i...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346606/evidence-based-redesign-of-the-comlex-usa-series
#15
John R Gimpel, Dorothy Horber, Jeanne M Sandella, Janice A Knebl, John E Thornburg
To ensure that the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) reflects the evolving practice of osteopathic medicine, the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners has developed new content and format specifications for an enhanced, competency-based examination program to be implemented with COMLEX-USA Level 3 in 2018. This article summarizes the evidence-based design processes that served as the foundation for blueprint development and the evidence supporting its validity...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301365/preserving-the-legitimacy-of-board-certification
#16
Michael S Hanemann, Holly C Wall, John A Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this discussion were to inform the medical community about the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery's ongoing attempts in Louisiana to achieve equivalency to American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards so that its diplomates may use the term "board certified" in advertising and to ensure public safety by upholding the standards for medical board certification. BACKGROUND: In 2011, Louisiana passed a truth in medical advertising law, which was intended to protect the public by prohibiting the use of the term "board certified" by improperly credentialed physicians...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241330/a-qualitative-interview-based-study-of-the-health-policy-fellowship-s-osteopathic-identity
#17
Daniel Skinner, Berkeley Franz
CONTEXT: Since 1993, the Health Policy Fellowship (HPF) has trained osteopathic professionals in health policy and leadership. Although almost 250 fellows have graduated from the program, many of whom have assumed leadership roles within the osteopathic medical profession, the HPF has, to the authors' knowledge, never been subjected to scholarly analysis. OBJECTIVE: To understand the HPF's professional significance as a health policy and leadership training program that has enrolled mostly osteopathic physicians...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241327/dermascope-use-by-osteopathic-primary-care-physicians
#18
Jeffrey B Morris, Sarah V Alfonso, Nilda Hernandez, M Isabel Fernández
CONTEXT: Osteopathic physicians (ie, DOs) in primary care may play a critical role in the early detection of skin cancer. Dermoscopy improves diagnostic accuracy; however, its use among primary care DOs remains understudied. OBJECTIVES: To document dermascope use among DOs in primary care, to examine physician and practice characteristics associated with having used and having heard of a dermascope, and to examine the barriers to dermascope use. METHODS: Osteopathic physicians were recruited to complete an anonymous survey assessing demographic factors, physician and practice characteristics, confidence in differentiating skin lesions, knowledge and dermascope use, and barriers to dermascope use...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241326/predictors-of-sunburn-risk-among-florida-residents
#19
Sergey Arutyunyan, Sarah V Alfonso, Nilda Hernandez, Tracy Favreau, M Isabel Fernández
CONTEXT: The incidence of skin cancer, the most common type of cancer in the United States, is increasing. Sunburn is a major modifiable risk factor for skin cancer, and its prevalence among the US population is high. OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of having had a red or painful sunburn in the past 12 months among people living in Florida. METHODS: Florida residents were recruited from public places and online. They were asked to complete an anonymous cross-sectional survey that assessed demographic information, dermatologic history, as well as knowledge, attitude, and behavior factors associated with sunburn...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179718/examining-health-care-students-attitudes-toward-e-professionalism
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jacob P Gettig, Sandhya Noronha, John Graneto, Lillian Obucina, Kelli J Christensen, Nancy F Fjortoft
Objective. To compare pharmacy, osteopathic medicine, dental medicine, and physician assistant (PA) students' perceptions of e-professionalism. Methods. A 20-item questionnaire was developed and administered to four cohorts of health care professions students early in their first professional year. The questionnaire contained 16 scenarios in which a hypothetical health care student or professional shared information or content electronically and students were asked to indicate how much they agreed that the scenario represented professional behavior...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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