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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353450/cancer-treatment-and-bone-health
#1
REVIEW
Catherine Handforth, Stella D'Oronzo, Robert Coleman, Janet Brown
Considerable advances in oncology over recent decades have led to improved survival, while raising concerns about long-term consequences of anticancer treatments. In patients with breast or prostate malignancies, bone health is a major issue due to the high risk of bone metastases and the frequent prolonged use of hormone therapies that alter physiological bone turnover, leading to increased fracture risk. Thus, the onset of cancer treatment-induced bone loss (CTIBL) should be considered by clinicians and recent guidelines should be routinely applied to these patients...
January 20, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353022/using-medical-examiner-case-narratives-to-improve-opioid-overdose-surveillance
#2
Emily Hurstak, Christopher Rowe, Caitlin Turner, Emily Behar, Rachel Cabugao, Nikolas P Lemos, Phillip Coffin
BACKGROUND: Current opioid overdose mortality surveillance methods do not capture the complexity of the overdose epidemic. Most rely on death certificates, which may underestimate both opioid analgesic and heroin deaths. Categorizing deaths using other characteristics from the death record including route of drug administration may provide useful information to design and evaluate overdose prevention interventions. METHODS: We reviewed California Electronic Death Reporting System records and San Francisco Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) toxicology reports and investigative case narratives for all unintentional opioid overdose deaths in San Francisco County from 2006 to 2012...
January 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352973/the-senegal-urban-reproductive-health-initiative-a-longitudinal-program-impact-evaluation
#3
Aimee Benson, Lisa Calhoun, Meghan Corroon, Abdou Gueye, David Guilkey, Essete Kebede, Peter Lance, Rick O'Hara, Ilene S Speizer, John Stewart, Jennifer Winston
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the impact of key components of the Senegal Urban Reproductive Health Initiative, including radio, television, community-based activities, Muslim religious-leader engagement and service quality improvement on modern contraceptive use by all women and the sub-sample of poor women. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses baseline (2011) and endline (2015) longitudinal data from a representative sample of urban women first surveyed in 2011 to examine the impact of the Initiative's demand- and supply-side activities on modern contraceptive use...
January 15, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352824/evaluating-the-effect-of-a-clostridium-difficile-infection-prevention-initiative-in-veterans-health-administration-long-term-care-facilities
#4
Maninder B Singh, Martin E Evans, Loretta A Simbartl, Stephen M Kralovic, Gary A Roselle
We evaluated rates of clinically confirmed long-term-care facility-onset Clostridium difficile infections from April 2014 through December 2016 in 132 Veterans Affairs facilities after the implementation of a prevention initiative. The quarterly pooled rate decreased 36.1% from the baseline (P<.0009 for trend) by the end of the analysis period. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
January 21, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352219/new-alkylresorcinol-metabolites-in-spot-urine-as-biomarkers-of-whole-grain-wheat-and-rye-intake-in-a-swedish-middle-aged-population
#5
Rikard Landberg, Roksana Wierzbicka, Lin Shi, Sanna Nybacka, Afaf Kamal-Eldin, Bo Hedblad, Anna Karin Lindroos, Anna Winkvist, Heléne Bertéus Forslund
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Studies on the health effects of whole grains typically use self-reported intakes which are prone to large measurement errors. Dietary biomarkers that can provide an objective measure of intake are needed. New alkylresorcinol (AR) metabolites (3,5-dihydroxycinnamic acid (DHCA), 2-(3,5-dihydroxybenzamido)acetic acid (DHBA-glycine) and 5-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl) pentanoic acid (DHPPTA)) in 24 h urine samples have been suggested as biomarkers for whole grain (WG) wheat and rye intake but remain to be evaluated in spot urine samples...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351517/caregiver-difficulties-scale-cds-translation-and-psychometric-evaluation-among-iranian-mothers-of-cerebral-palsy-children
#6
Ata Farajzadeh, Malek Amini, Saman Maroufizadeh, Champa J Wijesinghe
The aim of this study was to investigate of psychometric properties of the Caregiver Difficulties Scale (CDS) for Iranian caregivers of children with cerebral palsy (CP). After a forward-backward translation, the Persian version of CDS (P-CDS) was administered to 151 Iranian mothers of CP children. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to measure the factor structure of P-CDS. The reliability was evaluated by examining internal consistency and test-retest method over a 2-week period using Cronbach's alpha and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), respectively...
January 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351273/understanding-the-legal-trade-of-cattle-and-camels-and-the-derived-risk-of-rift-valley-fever-introduction-into-and-transmission-within-egypt
#7
Sebastian Napp, Veronique Chevalier, Núria Busquets, Paolo Calistri, Jordi Casal, Mohamed Attia, Rehab Elbassal, Heba Hosni, Hatem Farrag, Noura Hassan, Rasha Tawfik, Sohair Abd Elkader, Shahin Bayomy
Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne zoonosis, which may cause significant losses for the livestock sector and have serious public health implications. Egypt has been repeatedly affected by RVF epidemics, mainly associated to the importation of animals from sub-Saharan countries, where the disease is endemic. The objective of our study was the improvement of the surveillance and control strategies implemented in Egypt. In order to do that, first we evaluated the legal trade of live animals into and within Egypt...
January 19, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351041/a-new-technique-in-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-for-dental-implant-placement-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#8
Vo Van Nhan, Le Van Son, Ta Anh Tuan, Nguyen Tai Son, Trinh Dinh Hai, Le Duc Lanh, Nguyen Manh Ha, Lam Dai Phong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 iliac corticocancellous-block grafting techniques for dental implant placement in residual alveolar clefts. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial between March 2010 and December 2014. SETTING: National Hospital of Odonto-Stomatology, Hanoi, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two patients (23 female, 9 male; mean age, 21.28 years; range, 16-31 years) with unilateral complete alveolar cleft after reconstructive surgery for cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodical-examinations-of-workers
#9
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349351/the-relationship-between-subjective-oral-health-and-dental-fear-in-korean-adolescents
#10
Young-Soon Won, Youn-Soo Shim, So-Youn An
Background: This study is aimed to evaluate the level of fear and to reduce the overall fear, thereby enabling patients to receive treatment via timely visits. Methods: In a survey conducted by 460 South Korean middle school students, we used 453 data that faithfully responded to the survey. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the factors influencing subjective oral health and dental fear. The significance level used for statistical significance was α = 0...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349285/a-smart-phone-intervention-to-address-mental-health-stigma-in-the-construction-industry-a-two-arm-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
A Milner, P C F Law, C Mann, T Cooper, K Witt, A D LaMontagne
Background: High levels of self-stigma are associated with a range of adverse mental health, treatment, and functional outcomes. This prospective study examined the effects of an electronic mental health stigma reduction intervention on self-stigma (self-blame, shame, and help-seeking inhibition) among male construction workers in Australia. Method: Male construction workers (N = 682) were randomly assigned to receive either the intervention condition or the wait list control over a six-week period...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349214/performance-based-financing-to-increase-utilization-of-maternal-health-services-evidence-from-burkina-faso
#12
Maria Steenland, Paul Jacob Robyn, Philippe Compaore, Moussa Kabore, Boukary Tapsoba, Aloys Zongo, Ousmane Diadie Haidara, Günther Fink
Performance-based financing (PBF) programs are increasingly implemented in low and middle-income countries to improve health service quality and utilization. In April 2011, a PBF pilot program was launched in Boulsa, Leo and Titao districts in Burkina Faso with the objective of increasing the provision and quality of maternal health services. We evaluate the impact of this program using facility-level administrative data from the national health management information system (HMIS). Primary outcomes were the number of antenatal care visits, the proportion of antenatal care visits that occurred during the first trimester of pregnancy, the number of institutional deliveries and the number of postnatal care visits...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348415/trends-in-fetal-growth-between-2000-to-2014-in-singleton-live-births-from-israel
#13
Keren Agay-Shay, Mary Rudolf, Lisa Rubin, Ziona Haklai, Itamar Grotto
Trends in birthweight and abnormal fetal growth, namely term low birthweight (LBW), macrosomia, small-for-gestational age (SGA) and large-for-gestational age (LGA), are important indicators of changes in the health of populations. We performed this epidemiological study to evaluate these trends among 2,039,415 singleton live births from Israel over a period of 15 years. Birth certificate data was obtained from the Ministry of Health. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to evaluate crude and adjusted estimates compared to the baseline of 2000 and polynomial trends...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348384/clinical-outcomes-of-geriatric-care-in-cipto-mangunkusumo-hospital-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-national-health-insurance-program
#14
Czeresna Heriawan Soejono, Retna S Padmawati, Adi Utarini
BACKGROUND: the National Health Insurance (NIH/JKN) has been enacted since January 2014. Various outcomes of geriatric patient care, such as improved functional status and quality of life have not been evaluated. Prolonged hospitalization and re-hospitalization are potentially affecting the efficiency care of this vulnarable group. This study aimed to identify the differences of functional status improvement, quality of life improvement, length of stay, and hospitalization of geriatric patients admitted to CMH between prior to and after NHI implementation...
October 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346523/timed-up-and-go-test-and-future-dementia-occurrence
#15
Ji Eun Lee, Dong Wook Shin, Su-Min Jeong, Ki Young Son, Belong Cho, Jong Lull Yoon, Byung Joo Park, In Soon Kwon, Jinkook Lee, SangYun Kim
Background: This study evaluated whether baseline results of the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test is associated with future dementia occurrence. Methods: Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort database, we identified 49 283 subjects without a dementia diagnosis who participated in the National Screening Program for Transitional Ages at 66 years of age during 2007-2012. Gait impairment was defined as taking longer than 10 seconds to perform the TUG test...
January 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346411/evaluation-of-hirst-type-spore-traps-in-outdoor-aspergillaceae-monitoring-during-large-demolition-work-in-hospital
#16
Sophie Tiphaine Loeffert, Philippe Vanhems, Estelle Tissot, Cédric Dananché, Pierre Cassier, Thomas Bénet, Michel Perraud, Michel Thibaudon, Marie-Paule Gustin
Demolition can generate fungal spore suspensions in association with various adverse health effects, such as high risk of invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients. One block of Edouard Herriot Hospital was entirely demolished. The aim of the present study was to evaluate Hirst-type spore traps utility in monitoring outdoor Aspergillaceae (Aspergillus spp. + Penicillium spp.) spores in part of Edouard Herriot Hospital (Lyon, France) undergoing major demolition. Three periods were scheduled in 2015: (A) Gutting of building and asbestos removal, (B) Demolition of floors, (C) Excavation and earthwork...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345848/economic-evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-internet-based-guided-self-help-for-binge-eating-disorder
#17
Hans-Helmut König, Florian Bleibler, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Stephan Herpertz, Tony Lam, Andreas Mayr, Frauke Schmidt, Jennifer Svaldi, Stephan Zipfel, Christian Brettschneider, Anja Hilbert, Martina de Zwaan, Nina Egger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of individual face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) compared to therapist guided Internet-based self-help (GSH-I) in overweight or obese adults with binge-eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Analysis was conducted alongside the multicenter randomized controlled INTERBED trial. CBT (n = 76) consisted of up to 20 individual therapy sessions over 4 months. GSH-I (n = 71) consisted of 11 modules combining behavioral interventions, exercises including a self-monitoring food diary, psychoeducation, and 2 face-to-face coaching sessions over 4 months...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345506/effects-of-physical-and-depressive-symptoms-on-the-sexual-life-of-turkish-women-in-the-climacteric-period
#18
E Yanikkerem, A Göker, Ö Çakır, N Esmeray
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of physical and depressive symptoms on the sexual life of women in the climacteric period. METHODS: This study was conducted with 572 women at a university hospital. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) were used to evaluate depressive symptoms, intensity of menopausal symptoms and sexual function. RESULTS: Sexual dysfunction and depressive symptoms were determined in 86...
January 18, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345397/characteristics-of-patients-who-progress-from-bridging-to-long-term-oxygen-therapy
#19
Kovi Levin, Brigitte Borg, Belinda Miller, Kirk Kee, Eli Dabscheck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with persistent hypoxia following an acute hospital admission may be discharged with "bridging" domiciliary oxygen as per criteria defined by the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand. The need for continuous Long-Term Oxygen Therapy (LTOT) is then reassessed at a clinic review 1-2 months later. The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of patients discharged from an acute hospital admission with continuous Short Term Oxygen Therapy (STOT), and subsequently to investigate for differences between subjects who proceeded to qualify for continuous LTOT versus those who were able to cease STOT at review...
January 18, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345083/brief-workshops-to-teach-drug-and-alcohol-first-aid-a-pilot-evaluation-study
#20
Victoria R Kostadinov, Ann M Roche, Alice McEntee, Julaine M Allan, Nicholas R Meumann, Lara L McLaughlin
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Health and community service workers frequently encounter people with alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems in the course of their work, yet few have had training on how to respond effectively. A Drug and Alcohol First Aid workshop was developed by Lyndon, a non-government organisation treatment provider, and delivered to community and health sector workers and the general public. It presented evidence-based information regarding AOD use and harm reduction and treatment options...
January 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
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