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Periodic health evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323701/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-osteoporotic-compression-fractures
#1
Tomoyuki Takura, Misako Yoshimatsu, Hiroki Sugimori, Kenji Takizawa, Yoshiyuki Furumatsu, Hirotaka Ikeda, Hiroshi Kato, Yukihisa Ogawa, Shingo Hamaguchi, Atsuko Fujikawa, Toshihiko Satoh, Yasuo Nakajima
STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, single-arm, prospective time-series study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness and improvement in quality of life (QOL) of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PVP is known to relieve back pain and increase QOL for osteoporotic compression fractures. However, the economic value of PVP has never been evaluated in Japan where universal health care system is adopted. METHODS: We prospectively followed up 163 patients with acute vertebral osteoporotic compression fractures, 44 males aged 76...
April 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323624/conventional-or-natural-pharmacotherapy-and-the-prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depression-during-menopause
#2
Dorota Kopciuch, Anna Paczkowska, Tomasz Zaprutko, Michał Michalak, Elżbieta Nowakowska
Context • Psychoneurological symptoms are present in nearly all women in the perimenopausal period. Key elements of care in the period may include hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Alternatively, phytoestrogens, antidepressant pharmacotherapy, or a combination of hormonal and antidepressant therapies may be recommended. Objective • The study intended to verify whether women who are menopausal believe that a reduction in their symptoms of anxiety and depression depends on the type of pharmacotherapy used...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319545/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-is-associated-with-increased-adverse-postoperative-renal-outcomes-and-mortality-a-historical-cohort-study-using-administrative-health-data
#3
Rovnat Babazade, Huseyin Oguz Yilmaz, Steve M Leung, Nicole M Zimmerman, Alparslan Turan
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a common autoimmune connective tissue disease that mainly harms kidneys, heart, lungs, and nervous system. Effects of surgical stimulus and anesthesia combined with SLE-related pathologies may increase morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between SLE (versus none) and postoperative renal, cardiac, and in-hospital mortality complications among patients undergoing major surgeries. METHODS: We obtained censuses of 2009 to 2011 inpatient hospital discharges across 7 states and conducted a retrospective cohort study by using International Classification of Diseases and Injuries, Version 9, diagnosis codes, procedure codes, and present-on-admission indicators...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319162/risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#4
Wei-Yi Lei, Jen-Hung Wang, Shu-Hui Wen, Chih-Hsun Yi, Jui-Sheng Hung, Tso-Tsai Liu, William C Orr, Chien-Lin Chen
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disease which can cause troublesome symptoms and affect quality of life. In addition to esophageal complications, GERD may also be a risk factor for extra-esophageal complications. Both GERD and coronary artery disease (CAD) can cause chest pain and frequently co-exist. However, the association between GERD and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remain unclear. The purpose of the study was to compare the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in GERD patients with an age-, gender-, and comorbidity matched population free of GERD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318771/cross-protection-to-new-drifted-influenza-a-h3-viruses-and-prevalence-of-protective-antibodies-to-seasonal-influenza-during-2014-in-portugal
#5
Raquel Guiomar, Susana Pereira da Silva, Patrícia Conde, Paula Cristóvão, Ana Carina Maia, Pedro Pechirra, Ana Paula Rodrigues, Baltazar Nunes, Luís Milho, Ana Paula Coelho, Aida Fernandes, Paula Caseiro, Fernando Rodrigues, Lurdes Correia, João Pereira-Vaz, Sofia Almeida, Paula Branquinho, Rita Côrte-Real, Regina Viseu, Maria João Peres, Raquel Sanches, Filipa Dantas, Ludovina Freitas, Graça Andrade, Manuel Maurílio, Filomena Caldeira, Rita Cabral Veloso, Luisa Mota-Vieira, Marta Soares, Ana Rita Couto, Jácome Bruges-Armas, Rita Mouro Pinto, Joana Sobrinho Simões, Maria do Rosário Costa, João Tiago Guimarães, Luís Martins, Mário Cunha
INTRODUCTION: Immune profile for influenza viruses is highly changeable over time. Serological studies can assess the prevalence of influenza, estimate the risk of infection, highlight asymptomatic infection rate and can also provide data on vaccine coverage. The aims of the study were to evaluate pre-existing cross-protection against influenza A(H3) drift viruses and to assess influenza immunity in the Portuguese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a cross-sectional study based on a convenience sample of 626 sera collected during June 2014, covering all age groups, both gender and all administrative health regions of Portugal...
March 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318337/the-association-of-timing-of-disease-modifying-drug-initiation-and-relapse-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-using-electronic-health-records
#6
Frank A Corvino, David Oliveri, Amy L Phillips
OBJECTIVE: A large, US de-identified electronic health record (EHR) database (Optum-Humedica de-identified Electronic Health Record dataset) was used to evaluate whether earlier disease-modifying drug (DMD) treatment initiation was associated with improved outcomes in MS. METHODS: Newly diagnosed patients from 1/1/2008-8/30/2014 (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code: 340.xx; first MS diagnosis = index date) with healthcare activity 1 year pre- and 2-years post-index, and who initiated DMD treatment during the 2-year follow-up period, were included...
March 20, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317765/the-effects-of-temperature-on-the-crystalline-properties-and-resistant-starch-during-storage-of-white-bread
#7
William R Sullivan, Jeff G Hughes, Russell W Cockman, Darryl M Small
Resistant starch (RS) can form during storage of foods, thereby bestowing a variety of potential health benefits. The purpose of the current study has been to determine the influence of storage temperature and time on the crystallinity and RS content of bread. Loaves of white bread were baked and stored at refrigeration, frozen and room temperatures with analysis over a period of zero to seven days. RS determination and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to evaluate the influence of storage temperature and time on total crystallinity and RS content...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317473/the-columbia-bronx-va-amalgamative-clerkship-an-effective-12-week-integrated-longitudinal-clinical-experience
#8
Jillian Diuguid-Gerber, Samuel Porter, Samuel C Quiah, Katherine Nickerson, Deborah Jones, Zeena Audi, Boyd F Richards
BACKGROUND: Many medical schools have adopted the longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC) model in response to calls for increased continuity in clinical learning environments. However, because of implementation challenges, such programs are not feasible at some institutions or are limited to a small number of students. OBJECTIVE: In January 2014, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (P&S) recognized the need to explore different LIC formats and began offering four, 12-week amalgamative clerkships (AC)...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317290/the-effect-of-engagement-in-an-hiv-aids-integrated-health-programme-on-plasma-hiv-1-rna-suppression-among-hiv-positive-people-who-use-illicit-drugs-a-marginal-structural-modelling-analysis
#9
L Ti, H Dong, T Kerr, R B Turje, S Parashar, J E Min, J Montaner, E Wood, M-J Milloy
OBJECTIVES: HIV treatment-as-prevention campaigns emphasize early diagnosis and immediate access to care and antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive individuals in order to increase levels of plasma HIV RNA viral load (VL) suppression. However, the possible role of harm reduction-based programmes in this objective has not yet been well evaluated. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between being a client of the Dr. Peter Centre (DPC; an HIV/AIDS-focused adult integrated health programme) and VL suppression among highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-exposed HIV-positive people who use illicit drugs (PWUD) in Vancouver, Canada...
March 19, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315861/the-risk-factors-for-metastasis-in-non-ampullary-duodenal-neuroendocrine-tumors-measuring-20-mm-or-less-in-diameter
#10
Waku Hatta, Tomoyuki Koike, Katsunori Iijima, Kiyotaka Asanuma, Naoki Asano, Hiroaki Musha, Yoshifumi Inomata, Toshikazu Sano, Hiroyuki Endo, Atsushi Ikehata, Toru Horii, Motoki Ohyauchi, Satoshi Yokosawa, Atsuko Kasajima, Fumiyoshi Fujishima, Hironobu Sasano, Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Tooru Shimosegawa
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The treatment strategy for non-ampullary duodenal neuroendocrine tumors (NAD-NETs) ≤20 mm in diameter has not been established. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the detailed characteristics of NAD-NETs ≤20 mm in diameter to clarify the risk factors of subsequent metastasis. METHODS: The patients with NAD-NETs ≤20 mm in diameter who had been treated at 12 institutions between 1992 and 2013 were enrolled. Clinical records were retrieved, and histopathological findings of all cases were centrally reviewed by 2 pathologists...
March 18, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314746/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-a-community-level-hygiene-intervention-and-a-water-intervention-using-riverbank-filtration-technology-on-diarrhoeal-prevalence-in-india
#11
Sarah L McGuinness, Joanne E O'Toole, Thomas B Boving, Andrew B Forbes, Martha Sinclair, Sumit K Gautam, Karin Leder
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death globally, mostly occurring as a result of insufficient or unsafe water supplies, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Our study aims to investigate the impact of a community-level hygiene education program and a water quality intervention using riverbank filtration (RBF) technology on diarrhoeal prevalence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have designed a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial to estimate the health impacts of our intervention in 4 rural villages in Karnataka, India...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306223/measurement-properties-of-clinical-assessment-methods-for-classifying-generalized-joint-hypermobility-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Karoline Schmedling, Lies Rombaut, Hans Lund, Raoul H H Engelbert
The purpose was to perform a systematic review of clinical assessment methods for classifying Generalized Joint Hypermobility (GJH), evaluate their clinimetric properties, and perform the best evidence synthesis of these methods. Four test assessment methods (Beighton Score [BS], Carter and Wilkinson, Hospital del Mar, Rotes-Querol) and two questionnaire assessment methods (Five-part questionnaire [5PQ], Beighton Score-self reported [BS-self]) were identified on children or adults. Using the Consensus-based Standards for selection of health Measurement Instrument (COSMIN) checklist for evaluating the methodological quality of the identified studies, all included studies were rated "fair" or "poor...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304169/temporal-evaluation-of-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-pbde-serum-levels-in-middle-aged-and-older-california-women-2011-2015
#13
Susan Hurley, Debbie Goldberg, David O Nelson, Weihong Guo, Yunzhu Wang, Hyoung-Gee Baek, Junesoo Park, Myrto Petreas, Leslie Bernstein, Hoda Anton-Culver, Peggy Reynolds
In response to health concerns and widespread human exposures, two widely-used commercial formulations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were banned in the United States in 2005. Initial biomonitoring data have provided early indications of reduced human exposures since these bans took effect. Our objective was to evaluate temporal trends in PBDE serum levels among a population of older California women during a four-year period, beginning approximately five years after these formulations were banned...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304099/impact-of-shoulder-sonography-on-clinical-decision-making
#14
Michael V Friedman, Travis J Hillen, David V Holland, James M Essenberg, Jennifer L Demertzis
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of musculoskeletal shoulder sonography (US) on clinical decision making. METHODS: This Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant retrospective study received Institutional Review Board approval with a waiver of informed consent. Consecutive musculoskeletal shoulder US examinations ordered over a 12-month period were retrospectively reviewed. The medical records of each patient were analyzed, recording immediate pre- and post-US treatment plans...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303944/relationships-between-strength-and-endurance-parameters-and-air-depletion-rates-in-professional-firefighters
#15
Stephanie Windisch, Wolfgang Seiberl, Ansgar Schwirtz, Daniel Hahn
The aim of this study was to quantify the physical demands of a simulated firefighting circuit and to establish the relationship between job performance and endurance and strength fitness measurements. On four separate days 41 professional firefighters (39 ± 9 yr, 179.6 ± 2.3 cm, 84.4 ± 9.2 kg, BMI 26.1 ± 2.8 kg/m(2)) performed treadmill testing, fitness testing (strength, balance and flexibility) and a simulated firefighting exercise. The firefighting exercise included ladder climbing (20 m), treadmill walking (200 m), pulling a wire rope hoist (15 times) and crawling an orientation section (50 m)...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303772/physiological-evaluation-of-cooling-devices-in-conjunction-with-personal-protective-ensembles-recommended-for-use-in-west-africa
#16
Tyler Quinn, Jung-Hyun Kim, Amanda Strauch, Tianzhou Wu, Jeffery Powell, Raymond Roberge, Ronald Shaffer, Aitor Coca
OBJECTIVE: Cooling devices (CDs) worn under personal protective equipment (PPE) can alleviate some of the heat stress faced by health care workers responding to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. METHODS: Six healthy, young individuals were tested while wearing 4 different CDs or no cooling (control) under PPE in an environmental chamber (32°C/92% relative humidity) while walking (3 METs, 2.5 mph, 0% grade) on a treadmill for 60 minutes. Exercise was preceded by a 15-minute stabilization period and a 15-minute donning period...
March 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303707/assessment-of-nutritional-habits-and-preferences-among-secondary-school-students
#17
Paulina Duma-Kocan, Barbara Barud, Elżbieta Głodek, Marian Gil
Background: Appropriate nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the proper development of man, nutritional status and maintaining good health. Adolescence is a period of development of skills of self-determination and self-realization, also in the case of nutrition. Children and school-age youth are the group most vulnerable to the effects of incorrect nutrition. The way of nutrition during this period determines psychophysical and emotional development, effectiveness in learning process and has influence on health in adulthood...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303578/compulsory-community-and-involuntary-outpatient-treatment-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Steve R Kisely, Leslie A Campbell, Richard O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI) reduces health service use, or improves clinical outcome and social functioning. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (2003, 2008, 2012, 8 November 2013, 3 June 2016)...
March 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303469/association-between-maternal-exposure-to-tobacco-presence-of-tgfa-gene-and-the-occurrence-of-oral-clefts-a-case-control-study
#19
Mohammed Junaid, M B Aswath Narayanan, D Jayanthi, S G Ramesh Kumar, A Leena Selvamary
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between maternal tobacco use or exposure, presence of variant transforming growth factor alpha (TGFA) gene, and the occurrence of oral clefts. METHODS: The present case control study was carried out for 5 months in three tertiary government hospitals in Chennai city with a sample of 100 children (50 children with non syndromic cleft and 50 control) aged 0-24 months. The details of maternal risk factors during the period of gestation were recorded from case and control parents through a pre-validated questionnaire, following which blood samples from 92 children (46 case and 46 controls) based on consent were obtained and evaluated for TGFA gene polymorphism...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302593/outcomes-in-child-health-exploring-the-use-of-social-media-to-engage-parents-in-patient-centered-outcomes-research
#20
Michele P Dyson, Kassi Shave, Ricardo M Fernandes, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of technology and its improved accessibility globally, social media is gaining an increasingly important role in health care. Patients are frequently engaging with social media to access information, share content, and interact with others in online health communities. However, the use of social media as a stakeholder engagement strategy has been minimally explored, and effective methods for involving participants in research on the identification of patient-centered outcomes remain unknown...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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