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Periodic health evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806786/an-economic-evaluation-of-vector-control-in-the-age-of-a-dengue-vaccine
#1
Christopher Fitzpatrick, Alexander Haines, Mathieu Bangert, Andrew Farlow, Janet Hemingway, Raman Velayudhan
INTRODUCTION: Dengue is a rapidly emerging vector-borne Neglected Tropical Disease, with a 30-fold increase in the number of cases reported since 1960. The economic cost of the illness is measured in the billions of dollars annually. Environmental change and unplanned urbanization are conspiring to raise the health and economic cost even further beyond the reach of health systems and households. The health-sector response has depended in large part on control of the Aedes aegypti and Ae...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806625/association-of-changes-among-body-condition-score-during-the-transition-period-with-nefa-and-bhba-concentrations-milk-production-fertility-and-health-of-holstein-cows
#2
R V Barletta, M Maturana Filho, P D Carvalho, T A Del Valle, A S Netto, F P Rennó, R D Mingoti, J R Gandra, G B Mourão, P M Fricke, R Sartori, E H Madureira, M C Wiltbank
Our objective was to evaluate the association between body condition score (BCS) change during the transition period with fertility, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentrations, milk yield, and health problems of Holstein cows in a retrospective cohort study. Holstein cows (n = 232) were assessed for BCS (5 point scale; 0.25 point increments) and had blood collected at 21 and 7 d before, on the day of, and 7 and 21 d after calving. Blood samples were assayed for NEFA and BHBA concentrations...
July 27, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806374/long-acting-reversible-contraception-among-homeless-women-veterans-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Lori M Gawron, Andrew Redd, Ying Suo, Warren Pettey, David K Turok, Adi V Gundlapalli
BACKGROUND: US women Veterans are at increased risk of homelessness and chronic health conditions associated with unintended pregnancy. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provision of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) can assist in healthy pregnancy planning. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perinatal risk factors and LARC exposure in ever-homeless women Veterans. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of women Veterans using VHA administrative data from fiscal years 2002-2015...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806206/chronic-pain-and-associated-factors-in-india-and-nepal-a-pilot-study-of-the-vanderbilt-global-pain-survey
#4
Jenna L Walters, Kelly Baxter, Hannah Chapman, Tracy Jackson, Adinarayanan Sethuramachandran, Marcus Couldridge, Hem Raj Joshi, Pankaj Kundra, Xulei Liu, Divya Nair, Bonnie Sullivan, Matthew S Shotwell, Ryan J Jense, Nicholas J Kassebaum, K A Kelly McQueen
BACKGROUND: Evaluation and treatment of chronic pain worldwide are limited by the lack of standardized assessment tools incorporating consistent definitions of pain chronicity and specific queries of known social and psychological risk factors for chronic pain. The Vanderbilt Global Pain Survey (VGPS) was developed as a tool to address these concerns, specifically in the low- and middle-income countries where global burden is highest. METHODS: The VGPS was developed using standardized and cross-culturally validated metrics, including the Brief Pain Inventory and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, as well as the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, the Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire along with queries about pain attitudes to assess the prevalence of chronic pain and disability along with its psychosocial and emotional associations...
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806097/opioid-demand-before-and-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#5
Chris A Anthony, Robert W Westermann, Nicholas Bedard, Natalie Glass, Matt Bollier, Carolyn M Hettrich, Brian R Wolf
BACKGROUND: Surgeons and health care systems have received a call to action in an effort to curtail the current opioid epidemic. PURPOSE: To (1) define the natural history of opioid demand after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), (2) consider how filling preoperative opioid prescriptions affects opioid demand after ACLR, and (3) evaluate the effect of additional procedures during ACLR and patient age on postoperative opioid demand. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805918/effects-of-encapsulated-nitrate-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-nitrate-residues-in-tissues-and-enteric-methane-emissions-in-beef-steers-finishing-phase
#6
C Lee, R C Araujo, K M Koenig, K A Beauchemin
A finishing feedlot study was conducted with beef steers to determine effects of encapsulated nitrate (EN) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, methane production, and nitrate (NO) residues in tissues. The 132 crossbred steers were backgrounded in a feedlot for 91 d and transitioned for 28 days to the high-concentrate diets evaluated in the present study, maintaining the treatment and pen assignments designated at the start of the backgrounding period. The steers were initially assigned to 22 pens (6 animals per pen) in a randomized complete block design with BW (18 pens) and animals designated for methane measurement (4 pens) as blocking factors...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805607/the-characterization-of-trachelectomy-for-benign-and-precancerous-indications-in-taiwan-a-population-based-study-1998-2013
#7
Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Hung-Hui Chen, Chia-Sui Weng, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Shih-Yi Wen, Shih-Chun Wang, Kung-Liahng Wang
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to update the utilization trend and characterize the trachelectomy for benign and precancerous indications in Taiwanese women by comparing associated women, surgeon, and hospital-related characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based trend study using inpatient admission claims data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance program from 1998 to 2013. After excluding those who had prior subtotal hysterectomy, women who underwent trachelectomy for benign and precancerous indications were compared by age at surgery (younger than 40 years, n = 130; 40 and 59 years, n = 429; and 60 years or older, n = 439)...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805505/group-based-learning-among-caregivers-assessing-mothers-knowledge-before-and-after-an-early-childhood-intervention-in-rural-guatemala
#8
Gretchen J Domek, Brittney Macdonald, Catherine Cooper, Maureen Cunningham, Madiha Abdel-Maksoud, Stephen Berman
BACKGROUND: The first three years of a child's life are a critical period for brain growth and development. Caregiver interventions during this period that improve early childhood health and development have the potential to enhance a child's physical, mental, and social well-being. METHODS: This was a pretest/posttest quasi experimental program evaluation. Early childhood education materials were adapted to create two separate interventions consisting of 30-page interactive flipchart talks to educate mothers on health and development topics relevant to 0-6 and 6-12 month old children...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805411/rural-american-indian-and-alaska-native-veterans-telemental-health-a-model-of-culturally-centered-care
#9
Cynthia W Goss, W J Buck Richardson, Nancy Dailey, Byron Bair, Herbert Nagamoto, Spero M Manson, Jay H Shore
American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) veterans living in rural areas have unique health care needs and face numerous barriers to accessing health care services. Among these needs is a disproportionate prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental illnesses. Since 2001, 14 rural communities have partnered with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus to extend telemental health clinics to American Indian veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805253/temporal-association-of-implementation-of-the-arizona-health-care-cost-containment-system-ahcccs-with-changes-in-dental-related-emergency-department-visits-in-maricopa-county-from-2006-to-2012
#10
Ahmed Mohamed, Brooke Alhanti, Mac McCullough, Kate Goodin, Kirsten Roling, Larry Glickman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in emergency department (ED) dental-related visits in Maricopa County before and after the elimination of dental benefits for adult Medicaid-insured patients as of October 2010. METHODS: Hospital visits extracted from a hospital discharge dataset were used to calculate a yearly rate ratio of dental-related versus non-dental-related ED visits (as a comparison group) for adults, children, and payer types. Changes in ED visits over time were evaluated from 2006 to 2012...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805240/the-role-of-social-familial-and-individual-level-factors-on-multiple-alcohol-use-outcomes-during-the-first-year-of-university
#11
Megan E Cooke, Zoe E Neale, Peter B Barr, John Myers, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Alexis C Edwards
BACKGROUND: The first year of university attendance represents a critical time frame for the development of alcohol use and misuse given changes in autonomy and increased access to alcohol. Prior studies have demonstrated that the establishment of drinking patterns during this period is impacted by an array of demographic, environmental, and familial factors. It is critical to consider such factors jointly, and to understand potentially differential effects on stages of alcohol use/misuse, in order to identify robust predictors that may be targeted in prevention and intervention programming...
August 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804440/effect-of-dietary-interventions-during-weaning-period-on-parental-practice-and-lipoproteins-and-vitamin-d-status-in-two-year-old-children
#12
Nina Cecilie Øverby, Sigrunn Hernes, Margaretha Haugen
Objective: Evaluate if a two-day course for parents on nutrition and applied baby food preparation had an effect on child's intake of home-made foods, lipid concentration, and vitamin D status. Design: Randomized controlled trial at age 6 months and follow-up at ages 15 and 24 months. Setting: Four health care clinics in Kristiansand, Norway. Subjects: Thirty-nine pairs of 6-month-old children and their parents in the intervention group and 20 pairs in the control group. Results: At age 15 months, the intervention group had lower intakes of ready-made porridge (2...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804011/functional-outcomes-subsequent-healthcare-utilization-and-mortality-of-stroke-postacute-care-patients-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-propensity-score-matched-study
#13
Li-Ning Peng, Wan-Hsuan Lu, Chih-Kuang Liang, Ming-Yueh Chou, Chih-Ping Chung, Shu-Ling Tsai, Zhi-Jun Chen, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefits of the national stroke postacute care (PAC) program on clinical outcomes and subsequent healthcare utilization. DESIGN: Propensity score-matched case-control study using the National Health Insurance data. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1480 stroke cases receiving PAC services and 3159 matched controls with similar stroke severity but without PAC services. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics, functional outcomes (modified Rankin Scale, Barthel Index, Lawton-Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Functional Oral Intake Scale, Mini-Nutritional Assessment, Berg Balance Test, Usual Gait Speed Test, 6-Minute Walk Test, Fugl-Meyer Assessment (modified sensation and motor), Mini-Mental State Examination, Motor Activity Log, and the Concise Chinese Aphasia Test), subsequent healthcare utilization (90-day stroke re-admission and emergency department visits), and 90-day mortality...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803661/daily-bathing-strategies-and-cross-transmission-of-multidrug-resistant-organisms-impact-of-chlorhexidine-impregnated-wipes-in-a-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-endemic-intensive-care-unit
#14
Jesus Ruiz, Paula Ramirez, Esther Villarreal, Monica Gordon, Inmaculada Saez, Alfonso Rodríguez, María Jesús Castañeda, Álvaro Castellanos-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Health-care associated infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in critical care units. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG)-impregnated wipes in the daily bathing of patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) to prevent cross-transmission and colonization by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) METHODS: Prospective cohort study with an intervention of 11 months. The intervention consisted of using CHG-impregnated wipes for the daily bathing of patients on mechanical ventilation or colonized by MDROs...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803652/long-term-follow-up-evaluation-of-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-for-symptomatic-cartilage-lesions-of-the-knee-a-single-centre-prospective-study
#15
M Berruto, P Ferrua, S Pasqualotto, F Uboldi, A Maione, D Tradati, E Usellini
INTRODUCTION: Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI) has been the first technique in reconstruction of a valid articular surface. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical results of this technique at an average follow up of 162±27months (range 88-208) in a group of patients who underwent ACI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 32 patients were operated between 1997 and 2007 for chondral lesions or osteochondritis dissecans of the knee. Mean size of the defect was 5...
August 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803328/traditional-chinese-medicine-as-adjunctive-therapy-improves-the-long-term-survival-of-lung-cancer-patients
#16
Yueh-Hsiang Liao, Chia-Ing Li, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Jaung-Geng Lin, Jen-Huai Chiang, Tsai-Chung Li
PURPOSE: Traditional Chinese medicine is one of the popular alternative treatments for cancer, mainly enhancing host immune response and reducing adverse effect of chemotherapy. This study first explored traditional Chinese medicine treatment effect on long-term survival of lung cancer patients. METHODS: This study evaluated whether traditional Chinese medicine combined with conventional cancer treatment improved overall survival of lung cancer patients. We had conducted a retrospective cohort study on 111,564 newly diagnosed lung cancer patients in 2000-2009 from National Health Insurance Program database...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802620/modified-open-access-scheduling-for-new-patient-evaluations-at-an-academic-chronic-pain-clinic-increased-patient-access-to-care-but-did-not-materially-reduce-their-mean-cancellation-rate-a-retrospective-observational-study
#17
Eellan Sivanesan, David A Lubarsky, Chaturani T Ranasinghe, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Richard H Epstein
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if open-access scheduling would reduce the cancellation rate for new patient evaluations in a chronic pain clinic by at least 50%. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study using electronic health records. SETTING: Chronic pain clinic of an academic anesthesia department. PATIENTS: All patients scheduled for evaluation or follow-up appointments in the chronic pain clinic between April 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802250/a-population-based-study-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-treatment-in-finland-2000-2014
#18
Matti T Laine, Sani J Laukontaus, Reijo Sund, Pekka S Aho, Ilkka Kantonen, Anders Albäck, Maarit Venermo
Background -In the event of rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), mortality is very high. AAA prevalence and incidence of ruptures has been reported to be decreasing. The treatment of AAA has also undergone a change in recent decades with a shift towards endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Our aim was to evaluate how these changes have affected the elective and emergency treatment of AAA and their results in Finland. Methods -All patients treated for AAA in Finland, a country with a population of 5...
August 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802208/acute-effects-of-visits-to-urban-green-environments-on-cardiovascular-physiology-in-women-a-field-experiment
#19
Timo Lanki, Taina Siponen, Ann Ojala, Kalevi Korpela, Arto Pennanen, Pekka Tiittanen, Yuko Tsunetsugu, Takahide Kagawa, Liisa Tyrväinen
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have reported positive associations between the amount of green space in the living environment and mental and cardiovascular human health. In a search for effect mechanisms, field studies have found short-term visits to green environments to be associated with psychological stress relief. Less evidence is available on the effect of visits on cardiovascular physiology. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether visits to urban green environments, in comparison to visits to a built-up environment, lead to beneficial short-term changes in indicators of cardiovascular health...
August 9, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802187/radiotherapy-access-in-belgium-how-far-are-we-from-evidence-based-utilisation
#20
Y Lievens, H De Schutter, K Stellamans, M Rosskamp, L Van Eycken
INTRODUCTION: Underutilisation of radiotherapy has been observed worldwide. To evaluate the current situation in Belgium, optimal utilisation proportions (OUPs) adopted from the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy and Oncology - Health Economics in Radiation Oncology (ESTRO-HERO) project were compared to actual utilisation proportions (AUPs) and with radiotherapy advised during the multidisciplinary cancer team (MDT) meetings. In addition, the impact of independent variables was analysed...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
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