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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166685/-evaluation-of-inpatient-conservative-management-of-acute-subacute-and-chronic-back-pain
#1
Ingo Haase, Kilian Haase, Bernd Kladny
Background Backache is very common in the German population. It is a common reason for people to seek medical advice and specific back pain programs have been developed. The intention of this study is to evaluate the short and long term effects of conservative management of back pain in a German general hospital. Outcomes of interest were pain intensity, interference in daily functions, physical functioning and health related quality of life. Patients and Methods We examined 1010 patients with acute, subacute and chronic back pain, admitted to inpatient nonsurgical interventional therapy in a German hospital between July 2013 and July 2015...
November 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166366/abortion-surveillance-united-states-2014
#2
Tara C Jatlaoui, Jill Shah, Michele G Mandel, Jamie W Krashin, Danielle B Suchdev, Denise J Jamieson, Karen Pazol
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since 1969, CDC has conducted abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions in the United States. PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: Each year, CDC requests abortion data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City). The reporting areas provide this information voluntarily. For 2014, data were received from 49 reporting areas...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165828/nursing-center-health-intervention-program-in-philadelphia-program-evaluation-and-outcomes
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The La Salle Neighborhood Nursing Center provided the Health Intervention Program (HIP) for vulnerable children with special needs, and families in Philadelphia challenged by chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, and emotional conditions and low incomes. AIMS: We evaluated the effectiveness of HIP for a 5-year period and the consistency of quarterly and annual reports as a quality improvement initiative. METHODS: Using program evaluation, secondary analysis design, the effect of a city-wide, family support home visiting program was assessed...
November 22, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165429/air-temperature-exposure-and-agricultural-occupational-injuries-in-the-autonomous-province-of-trento-2000-2013-north-eastern-italy
#4
Matteo Riccò
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between high air temperatures and occupational injuries (OIs) occurred during the summer seasons 2000-2013 in agricultural workers from the Autonomous Province of Trento (APT), North-Eastern Italy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data about OIs for the APT from 2000 to 2013 occurring during the warm season (N = 7325) was provided by the National Institute of Insurance for Occupational Illness and Injury. Daily average and daily maximum temperatures values for the specific geographical site of events were retrieved...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165130/determinants-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-in-erythrocytes-of-pregnant-japanese-women-from-a-birth-cohort-study-study-protocol-and-baseline-findings-of-an-adjunct-study-of-the-japan-environment-children-s-study
#5
Shoji Saito, Terue Kawabata, Nozomi Tatsuta, Fumiko Kimura, Teruo Miyazawa, Satoshi Mizuno, Hidekazu Nishigori, Takahiro Arima, Yasuo Kagawa, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Kanami Tsuno, Yuki Ito, Michihiro Kamijima, Kunihiko Nakai, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) may have multiple beneficial effects on the outcome of pregnancy, maternal health and child development. The present study introduced the protocol of a birth cohort study to examine the beneficial effects of n-3 PUFA status in pregnant Japanese women as an adjunct study of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). METHODS: The JECS participants in the coastal areas of Miyagi Prefecture were further invited to participate in this adjunct study, and 1,878 pregnant women were enrolled prior to delivery...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165026/comparative-evaluation-of-oral-and-dento-maxillofacial-manifestation-of-patients-with-sickle-cell-diseases-and-beta-thalassemia-major
#6
Salmeh Kalbassi, Mohammad Reza Younesi, Vahid Asgary
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of oral and dental health in patients with hemoglobinopathies and also due to the different results of different studies in this background, in patients with beta thalassemia (BTM) and sickle cell disease (SCD), this study aimed to evaluate and compare the oral and dental manifestations of patients with BTM and SCD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study during the years 2014-2017, a total of 175 patients (with documented BTM or SCD attending to Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, and Tabriz cities central hospitals) were randomly recruited...
November 22, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164121/a-pragmatic-study-shows-failure-of-dental-composite-fillings-is-genetically-determined-a-contribution-to-the-discussion-on-dental-amalgams
#7
Alexandre R Vieira, Marília B Silva, Kesia K A Souza, Arnôldo V A Filho, Aronita Rosenblatt, Adriana Modesto
Composite resins for posterior tooth restorations have become a viable alternative to dental amalgam. Failures sometimes cannot be easily explained, and we hypothesize that a genetic component may influence longevity of restorations. We aimed to determine if there is any evidence for a difference in the performance of amalgams versus composite resin in extensive posterior restorations. We also aimed to determine if risk factors such as age, sex, smoking tobacco, alcohol drinking, diabetes status, and periodontal health status may have a role in the failures of extensive anterior composite restorations...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164097/tacrolimus-utilization-and-expenditure-in-serbia
#8
Nemanja Rancic, Neven Vavic, Katarina Obrencevic, Filip Pilipovic, Viktorija Dragojevic-Simic
Background: Increasing immunosuppressant consumption and expenditure is a quite a challenge in transplantation medicine. The aim of the study was to characterize the utilization and expenditure of tacrolimus, backbone, and standard of care in immunosuppression regimen in Serbian solid organ transplant recipients. Methods: This study was performed as retrospective cross-sectional study during a 3-year period (from 2013 to 2015) in Serbia. The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification/Defined Daily Doses (ATC/DDD) international system was used for consumption evaluation...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164013/physician-adherence-to-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-guidelines-in-an-ob-gyn-teaching-clinic-in-hawai-i
#9
Alyssa Dee P Carlson, Mary Tschann, Somsook Santibenchakul, Eric L Hurwitz, Jennifer Salcedo
Rates of chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhea (GC) have risen for the first time in the United States since 2006. Certain population groups are disproportionately affected by these sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as well as HIV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and professional societies have published screening guidelines for these STIs for women under the age of 25. We aimed to quantify physician adherence to GC/CT and HIV screening guidelines and to determine demographic factors associated with GC/CT and HIV screening recommendations among women 14-25 years old in Honolulu, Hawai'i...
November 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163186/a-high-fat-diet-during-adolescence-in-male-rats-negatively-programs-reproductive-and-metabolic-function-which-is-partially-ameliorated-by-exercise
#10
Carlos A Ibáñez, Rafaela P Erthal, Fernanda M Ogo, Maria N C Peres, Henrique R Vieira, Camila Conejo, Laize P Tófolo, Flávio A Francisco, Sandra da Silva Silveira, Ananda Malta, Audrei Pavanello, Isabela P Martins, Paulo H O da Silva, Lucas Paulo Jacinto Saavedra, Gessica D Gonçalves, Veridiana M Moreira, Vander S Alves, Claudinéia C da Silva Franco, Carina Previate, Rodrigo M Gomes, Renan de Oliveira Venci, Francielle R S Dias, James A Armitage, Elena Zambrano, Paulo C F Mathias, Glaura S A Fernandes, Kesia Palma-Rigo
An interaction between obesity, impaired glucose metabolism and sperm function in adults has been observed but it is not known whether exposure to a diet high in fat during the peri-pubertal period can have longstanding programmed effects on reproductive function and gonadal structure. This study examined metabolic and reproductive function in obese rats programmed by exposure to a high fat (HF) diet during adolescence. The effect of physical training (Ex) in ameliorating this phenotype was also assessed. Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats were fed a HF diet (35% lard w/w) for 30 days then subsequently fed a normal fat diet (NF) for a 40-day recovery period...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162119/improving-health-worker-performance-of-abortion-services-an-assessment-of-post-training-support-to-providers-in-india-nepal-and-nigeria
#11
Janie Benson, Joan Healy, Sally Dijkerman, Kathryn Andersen
BACKGROUND: Health worker performance has been the focus of numerous interventions and evaluation studies in low- and middle-income countries. Few have examined changes in individual provider performance with an intervention encompassing post-training support contacts to improve their clinical practice and resolve programmatic problems. This paper reports the results of an intervention with 3471 abortion providers in India, Nepal and Nigeria. METHODS: Following abortion care training, providers received in-person visits and virtual contacts by a clinical and programmatic support team for a 12-month period, designed to address their individual practice issues...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161361/trajectories-of-frailty-among-chinese-older-people-in-hong-kong-between-2001-and-2012-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#12
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, K C Chong, Billy Chang, C M Lum, T W Auyeung, Jenny Lee, Ruby Lee, Jean Woo
Background: there is little evidence to suggest that older people today are living in better health than their predecessors did at the same age. Only a few studies have evaluated whether there are birth cohort effects on frailty, an indicator of health in older people, encompassing physical, functional and mental health dimensions. Objectives: this study examined longitudinal trajectories of frailty among Chinese older people in Hong Kong. Methods: this study utilised data from the 18 Elderly Health Centres of the Department of Health comprising a total of 417,949 observations from 94,550 community-dwelling Chinese people aged ≥65 years in one early birth cohort (1901-23) and four later birth cohorts (1924-29, 1930-35, 1936-41, 1942-47) collected between 2001 and 2012, to examine trajectories of the frailty index and how birth cohorts may have contributed to the trends using an age-period-cohort analysis...
November 17, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161063/impact-of-the-2010-us-healthy-hunger-free-kids-act-on-school-breakfast-and-lunch-participation-rates-between-2008-and-2015
#13
Nicole Vaudrin, Kristen Lloyd, Michael J Yedidia, Michael Todd, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP) participation over a 7-year period before and after the implementation of the 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA), which required healthier school lunch options beginning in school year (SY) 2012-2013 and healthier school breakfast options beginning in SY2013-2014. METHODS: Data were gathered from low-income, high-minority public schools in 4 New Jersey cities...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160964/examining-depression-in-patients-on-dialysis
#14
Allison A Treadwell
This study measured the prevalence of depression in 39 patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in two urban outpatient facilities in the southeastern United States. Additionally, it evaluated the number of patients who sought and scheduled a mental health evaluation after screening and education. The prevalence of mild to severely depressed individuals among participants in this study was 36%, affirming previous findings of depressive symptoms in the ESRD population. Results suggest that patients with ESRD are at a higher risk for depression than the general population...
July 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160811/relationships-between-vacant-homes-and-food-swamps-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-urban-food-environment
#15
Yeeli Mui, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Rachel L J Thornton, Keshia Pollack Porter, Joel Gittelsohn
Research indicates that living in neighborhoods with high concentrations of boarded-up vacant homes is associated with premature mortality due to cancer and diabetes, but the mechanism for this relationship is unclear. Boarded-up housing may indirectly impact residents' health by affecting their food environment. We evaluated the association between changes in vacancy rates and changes in the density of unhealthy food outlets as a proportion of all food outlets, termed the food swamp index, in Baltimore, MD (USA) from 2001 to 2012, using neighborhood fixed-effects linear regression models...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160426/impact-assessment-of-an-automated-drug-dispensing-system-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#16
Débora de-Carvalho, José Luiz Alvim-Borges, Cristiana Maria Toscano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the costs and patient safety of a pilot implementation of an automated dispensing cabinet in a critical care unit of a private tertiary hospital in São Paulo/Brazil. METHODS: This study considered pre- (January-August 2013) and post- (October 2013-October 2014) intervention periods. We considered the time and cost of personnel, number of adverse events, audit adjustments to patient bills, and urgent requests and returns of medications to the central pharmacy...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159958/evaluation-of-a-low-risk-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-intracranial-hemorrhage-emergency-department-observation-protocol
#17
Brian J Yun, Pierre Borczuk, Lulu Wang, Stephen Dorner, Benjamin A White, Ali S Raja
OBJECTIVES: Among emergency physicians, there is wide variation in admitting practices for patients who suffered a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) with an intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of implementing a protocol in the emergency department (ED) observation unit for patients with mild TBI and ICH. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. Study subjects were patients ≥18 years of age with an International Classification of Diseases (ICD) code corresponding to a traumatic IC, and admitted to an ED observation unit (EDOU) of an urban, academic level 1 trauma center between February 1, 2015 and January 31, 2017...
November 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159843/vocational-outcome-in-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-long-term-follow-up-study
#18
E Lindgren, K Jood, T Tatlisumak
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated long-term functional outcome in patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). We aimed to evaluate return to work (RTW) after CVT and its association with self-reported life satisfaction, quality of life, health, participation, fatigue, depression, and anxiety. METHODS: From hospital records, we identified all patients diagnosed with CVT in Sahlgrenska University Hospital between 1996 and 2016 and invited all survivors to a clinical follow-up visit >1 year after onset...
November 21, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159437/exploring-the-potential-relationship-between-indoor-air-quality-and-the-concentration-of-airborne-culturable-fungi-a-combined-experimental-and-neural-network-modeling-study
#19
Zhijian Liu, Kewei Cheng, Hao Li, Guoqing Cao, Di Wu, Yunjie Shi
Indoor airborne culturable fungi exposure has been closely linked to occupants' health. However, conventional measurement of indoor airborne fungal concentration is complicated and usually requires around one week for fungi incubation in laboratory. To provide an ultra-fast solution, here, for the first time, a knowledge-based machine learning model is developed with the inputs of indoor air quality data for estimating the concentration of indoor airborne culturable fungi. To construct a database for statistical analysis and model training, 249 data groups of air quality indicators (concentration of indoor airborne culturable fungi, indoor/outdoor PM2...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158766/local-food-based-complementary-feeding-for-the-nutritional-status-of-children-ages-6-36-months-in-rural-areas-of-indonesia
#20
Tantut Susanto, Syahrul, Lantin Sulistyorini, Rondhianto, Alfi Yudisianto
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate a pilot project of the Nursing Feeding Center "Posyandu Plus" (NFCPP) through local food-based complementary feeding (LFCF) program designed to improve the nutritional status of children aged 6-36 months at community health centers in Indonesia. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used to obtain data regarding the nutritional status of 109 children who participated in the project from 6 rural areas. The NFCPP was conducted for 9 weeks, comprising 2 weeks of preintervention, 6 weeks of intervention, and one week of postintervention...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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