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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879784/non-chemotherapy-drug-induced-neutropenia-an-update
#1
Emmanuel Andrès, Rachel Mourot-Cottet
To date, non-chemotherapy drug-induced severe neutropenia (neutrophil count of ≤0.5 x 10(9)/L) also called idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis is little discussed in the literature. In the present paper, we report and discuss the clinical data and management of this rare disorder. Areas covered: To do this, we carried out a review of the literature using PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine. We also used data from the American Society of Hematology educational books, textbooks of Hematology and Internal medicine, and information gleaned from international meetings...
September 7, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864138/comparison-of-different-rabbit-anti-thymocyte-globulin-formulations-in-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-systematic-literature-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#2
Nico Gagelmann, Francis Ayuk, Christine Wolschke, Nicolaus Kröger
Since 2000, phase III randomized controlled trials (RCT) investigated the efficacy of rabbit anti-thymocyte globulins (ATG) in patients following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). However, comparisons of different ATG formulations are lacking. Our aim was to synthesize all efficacy evidence, enabling a comparison of all available formulations of rabbit ATG in the allo-SCT setting. We performed a systematic literature review to identify all available phase III RCT evidence. We searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process and the website www...
August 29, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841236/phase-1-dose-escalation-multicenter-trial-of-pracinostat-alone-and-in-combination-with-azacitidine-in-patients-with-advanced-hematologic-malignancies
#3
Yasmin M Abaza, Tapan M Kadia, Elias J Jabbour, Marina Y Konopleva, Gautam Borthakur, Alessandra Ferrajoli, Zeev Estrov, William G Wierda, Ana Alfonso, Toh Han Chong, Charles Chuah, Liang-Piu Koh, Boon-Cher Goh, Julie E Chang, Daniel E Durkes, Maria Cielo Foudray, Hagop M Kantarjian, Xiao Qin Dong, Guillermo Garcia-Manero
BACKGROUND: Pracinostat is a potent histone deacetylase inhibitor with antitumor activity in both solid tumor and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines. Pracinostat is reported to have modest clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors. Given the higher preclinical sensitivity of hematologic malignancies to pracinostat, the authors conducted a phase 1 study to assess the safety, maximum tolerated dose, recommended phase 2 dose, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of pracinostat in patients with advanced hematological malignancies...
August 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837375/hematology-oncology-fellows-training-in-geriatrics-and-geriatric-oncology-findings-from-an-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-sponsored-national-survey
#4
Ronald J Maggiore, William Dale, Arti Hurria, Heidi D Klepin, Andrew Chapman, Efrat Dotan, Supriya G Mohile, Arash Naeim, Ajeet Gajra, Mary K Buss
PURPOSE: Older adults compose the majority of patients with cancer in the United States; however, it is unclear how well geriatrics or geriatric oncology training is being incorporated into hematology-oncology (hem-onc) fellowships. METHODS: A convenience sample of hem-onc fellows completed a (written or electronic) survey assessing their education, clinical experiences, and perceived proficiency in geriatric oncology during training; knowledge base in geriatric oncology; confidence in managing older adults with cancer; and general attitudes toward geriatric oncology principles...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807197/perioperative-blood-transfusion-and-complications-in-children-undergoing-surgery-for-solid-tumors
#5
Dani O Gonzalez, Jennifer N Cooper, Erica Mantell, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans, Jennifer H Aldrink
BACKGROUND: The objective was to assess whether perioperative blood transfusion (PBT) is associated with postoperative complications in children undergoing surgery for a solid tumor. METHODS: Using 2012-2014 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric data, we identified patients aged 0-18 years who underwent surgery (biopsy or resection) for solid tumors. We compared demographic, clinical, and 30-day outcome characteristics between children who did and did not receive a PBT within 72 hours after surgery...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792782/emerging-antibody-drug-conjugates-for-treating-lymphoid-malignancies
#6
REVIEW
Anna Wolska-Washer, Pawel Robak, Piotr Smolewski, Tadeusz Robak
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) are monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) attached to biologically active drugs through specialized chemical linkers. They deliver and release cytotoxic agents at the tumor site, reducing the likelihood of systemic exposure and therefore toxicity. These agents should improve the potency of chemotherapy by increasing the accumulation of cytotoxic the drug within or near the neoplastic cells with reduced systemic effects. Areas covered: A literature review was conducted of the MEDLINE database PubMed for articles in English examining Mabs, B-cell receptor pathway inhibitors and immunomodulating drugs...
September 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743165/prognostic-factors-and-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-blast-phase-in-the-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-era-cohort-study-of-477-patients
#7
Preetesh Jain, Hagop M Kantarjian, Ahmad Ghorab, Koji Sasaki, Elias J Jabbour, Graciela Nogueras Gonzalez, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, Ghayas C Issa, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Devendra Kc, Sara Dellasala, Sherry Pierce, Marina Konopleva, William G Wierda, Srdan Verstovsek, Naval G Daver, Tapan M Kadia, Gautam Borthakur, Susan O'Brien, Zeev Estrov, Farhad Ravandi, Jorge E Cortes
BACKGROUND: Outcomes in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in blast phase (CML-BP) are historically dismal. Herein, the authors sought to analyze the characteristics, prognostic factors, and survival outcomes in patients with CML-BP in the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era. METHODS: A total of 477 patients with CML-BP were treated with a TKI at some point during the course of their CML. Cox proportional hazard models identified characteristics that were predictive of survival...
July 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734656/patterns-of-emergency-department-care-for-newly-diagnosed-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-united-states-children-s-hospitals
#8
LaQuita Jones, Terah Koch, Joseph Stanek, Sarah H O'Brien
We used the Pediatric Health Information Systems database to ascertain treatment patterns of immune thrombocytopenia across the US. Despite the recently published guidelines by the American Society of Hematology, most patients are still being hospitalized for immune thrombocytopenia, even in the absence of documented bleeding symptoms.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726165/long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-splenectomy-for-immune-thrombocytopenia
#9
Kazuhiro Tada, Masayuki Ohta, Kunihiro Saga, Hiroomi Takayama, Teijiro Hirashita, Yuichi Endo, Hiroki Uchida, Yukio Iwashita, Masafumi Inomata
PURPOSE: Splenectomy is the standard therapy for medically refractory immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has gained wide acceptance; however, the long-term outcomes of LS versus open splenectomy (OS) for patients with ITP remain unclear. METHODS: We analyzed, retrospectively, 32 patients who underwent splenectomy, as LS in 22 and OS in 10, for refractory ITP at our institute. Data were evaluated based on the American Society of Hematology 2011 evidence-based practice guidelines for ITP...
July 19, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725275/ash-meeting-2016-developments-in-hemostaseology
#10
REVIEW
Clemens Feistritzer, Birgit Mosheimer
During the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) in San Diego/California, novel developments in the field of hemostaseology were presented. Alternative treatment strategies besides factor replacement were discussed for patients with hemophilia. One of the highlights of the meeting in this year's plenary session was the presentation of successful adeno-associated virus mediated gene transfer in patients with hemophilia B leading to sustained elevation of factor IX:C (FIX:c). Other alternative treatment approaches in patients with hemophilia A may include bispecific antibodies mimicking factor VIIIa (FVIIIa) activity or disrupting anticoagulant proteins...
2017: Memo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725274/news-in-al-amyloidosis-ash-2016-a%C3%A2-rapidly-evolving-field-of-investigation
#11
REVIEW
Hermine Agis
Amyloidosis is a rare but life-threatening protein misfolding disease. The early diagnosis and enrollment of patients into multicentre trials is of great importance, as is the need for intensive collaboration between multiple medical departments and experienced specialists. In the following review, the most interesting abstracts from the annual American Society of Hematology (ASH) meeting in 2016 are presented. The topics include the limitations of established biomarkers in risk assessment and response evaluation, the introduction of a new biomarker, the comparison of different treatment sequences and the efficacy of a multiple drug regimen in light-chain (AL) amyloidosis...
2017: Memo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683174/the-oncologic-burden-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a-clinical-perspective
#12
Harrys A Torres, Terri Lynn Shigle, Nassim Hammoudi, James T Link, Felipe Samaniego, Ahmed Kaseb, Vincent Mallet
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects millions of people worldwide and is associated with cancer. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have changed HCV treatment paradigms, but little is known about the management of HCV infection in patients with cancer. The substantial burden of HCV infection and the inconclusive evidence regarding its detection and management in patients with cancer prompted the authors to review the literature and formulate recommendations. Patients for whom HCV screening is recommended included all patients with hematologic malignancies, hematopoietic cell transplantation candidates, and patients with liver cancer...
September 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654155/incidence-of-hematologic-malignancy-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-randomized-controlled-trial-of-calcium-and-vitamin-d-supplementation
#13
Eric M Ammann, Matthew T Drake, Bjarni Haraldsson, Robert B Wallace, Karen C Johnson, Pinkal Desai, Emily M Lin, Brian K Link
BACKGROUND: Prior evidence of a possible link between vitamin D status and hematologic malignancy (HM) in humans comes from observational studies, leaving unresolved the question of whether a true causal relationship exists. METHODS: The authors performed a secondary analysis of data from the Women's Health Initiative Calcium/Vitamin D (CaD) trial, a large randomized controlled trial of CaD supplementation compared with placebo in older women. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards survival analysis methods were used to evaluate the relationship between treatment assignment and 1) incident HM and 2) HM-specific mortality over 10 years following randomization...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651194/reference-intervals-for-hematological-and-biochemical-parameters-acute-phase-proteins-and-markers-of-oxidation-in-holstein-dairy-cows-around-3-and-30days-after-calving
#14
Pierangelo Moretti, Saverio Paltrinieri, Erminio Trevisi, Monica Probo, Annarita Ferrari, Andrea Minuti, Alessia Giordano
The establishment of specific reference intervals (RIs) is advisable when different metabolic conditions in the patient population are present or when existing RIs are not suitable. Holstein dairy cows, at the start of lactation, experience a negative energy balance and an altered immune function that can lead to different levels of blood parameters compared with cows at peak lactation. The aim of this study was the determination of RIs for Holstein cows at 3±1 and 30±3days in milk. To this aim, 145 cows, from 4 herds, were sampled...
June 20, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621800/a-consensus-review-on-malignancy-associated-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Naval Daver, Kenneth McClain, Carl E Allen, Sameer A Parikh, Zaher Otrock, Cristhiam Rojas-Hernandez, Boris Blechacz, Sa Wang, Milen Minkov, Michael B Jordan, Paul La Rosée, Hagop M Kantarjian
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a syndrome of severe immune activation and dysregulation resulting in extreme and often life-threatening inflammation. HLH has been well recognized in pediatric populations, and most current diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines are based on pediatric HLH. Recently there has been recognition of HLH in adults, especially secondary to immune deregulation by an underlying rheumatologic, infectious, or malignant condition. This review is focused on malignancy-associated HLH (M-HLH), in which possible mechanisms of pathogenesis include severe inflammation, persistent antigen stimulation by the tumor cells, and loss of immune homeostasis because of chemotherapy, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, or infection...
September 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596644/highlights-of-multiple-myeloma-at-the-annual-meeting-of-american-society-of-hematology-2016
#16
REVIEW
Nidhi Tandon, Shaji K Kumar
This review discusses the landmark studies in the field of multiple myeloma (MM) which were presented at American society of hematology annual meeting, 2016. There were contrary results from two large phase III trials (one from US and one from Europe) that evaluated the role of additional interventions like tandem autologous transplant (ASCT) and consolidation after induction therapy followed by ASCT in newly diagnosed MM (NDMM) patients, but there were critical differences between the two studies. Novel agents like carfilzomib and ixazomib proved to be of benefit when used as induction and post ASCT consolidation and maintenance in NDMM...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590462/advances-in-lymphoma-and-leukemia-from-the-2016-american-society-of-hematology-annual-meeting-and-exposition-commentary
#17
Nathan H Fowler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590461/advances-in-lymphoma-and-leukemia-from-the-2016-american-society-of-hematology-annual-meeting-and-exposition
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590460/highlights-in-lymphoma-from-the-2016-american-society-of-hematology-annual-meeting-and-exposition-commentary
#19
Steven M Horwitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590459/highlights-in-lymphoma-from-the-2016-american-society-of-hematology-annual-meeting-and-exposition
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
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