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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531322/evaluation-of-ifitm3-rs12252-association-with-severe-pediatric-influenza-infection
#1
Adrienne G Randolph, Wai-Ki Yip, E Kaitlyn Allen, Carrie M Rosenberger, Anna A Agan, Stephanie A Ash, Yu Zhang, Tushar R Bhangale, David Finkelstein, Natalie Cvijanovich, Peter M Mourani, Mark Hall, Helen C Su, Paul G Thomas
Background: Interferon inducible transmembrane protein 3 (IFITM3) restricts endocytic fusion of influenza virus. IFITM3 rs12252_C, a putative alternate splice site, has been associated with influenza severity in adults. IFITM3 has not been evaluated in pediatric influenza. Methods: The PICFLU Study enrolled children with suspected influenza infection across 38 pediatric intensive care units November 2008 to April 2016. IFITM3 was sequenced in patients and parents were genotyped for specific variants for family-based association testing...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531138/phytochemical-composition-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-seven-saskatoon-berry-amelanchier-alnifolia-nutt-genotypes-grown-in-poland
#2
Sabina Lachowicz, Jan Oszmiański, Łukasz Seliga, Stanisław Pluta
The basic chemical composition, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant capacity of fruits of three new Polish breeding clones (No. 5/6, type S, and type N) and four Canadian cultivars (cvs.) ("Martin", "Smoky", "Pembina", and "Honeywood") grown in Poland in 2016 were investigated. Fruits were analyzed for their contents of triterpenoids, carotenoids, chlorophylls, and polyphenolics with the ultra-performance liquid chromatography photodiode detector-quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-PDA-Q/TOF-MS) method, sugar with the high-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) method, and antioxidant capacity with the ability to reduce free radical (ABTS) and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) method...
May 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530606/effects-of-chemical-composition-and-baking-on-in-vitro-digestibility-of-proteins-in-breads-made-from-selected-gluten-containing-and-gluten-free-flours
#3
Tong Wu, Cheryl Taylor, Thomas Nebl, Ken Ng, Louise E Bennett
Breads prepared from cereal grains are a dietary staple, providing a significant proportion of daily energy, but not necessarily of dietary protein. However, good digestibility of proteins in bread is important to avoid potential immunogenic effects of undigested peptides, including for those gluten-intolerant. Four gluten-containing (white wheat, wholemeal wheat, spelt and rye) and four gluten-free (chick pea, lupin, buckwheat, amaranth) flours were used to make yeast-leavened breads standardized for protein...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530591/optimization-of-an-organic-yogurt-based-on-sensorial-nutritional-and-functional-perspectives
#4
Ariadne Roberto Karnopp, Katherine Guimarães Oliveira, Eriel Forville de Andrade, Bruna Mara Postingher, Daniel Granato
The effects of purple grape juice (PGJ), grape skin flour (GSF), and oligofructose (OLI) on proximate composition, total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant activity (AA), sensory, physicochemical, and textural properties of yogurts were analyzed using response surface methodology. Multiple regression models were proposed and results showed that PGJ increased the viscosity, AA, and TPC, while GSF increased the ash and total fiber contents of yogurts. GSF and OLI increased the hardness and consistency. A simultaneous optimization was performed to maximize TPC, ash and fibers contents, and sensory acceptance: a yogurt containing 1...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528474/toxicity-assessment-of-ash-and-dust-from-handmade-gold-jewelry-manufacturing-workshops-in-bangladesh
#5
Arif M Sikder, Tanvir Hossain, Manzurul H Khan, M Aziz Hasan, M Fakhruzzaman, Joseph B Turner, Dmitry Pestov, Leigh S McCallister, K Maudood Elahi
Traditionally, handmade gold jewelry played a very important role in the cultural heritage of Bangladesh. Goldsmiths still are partially using ancient manufacturing process with coal fire, candle flame blowing, and nitric and sulfuric acid treatments. Such process leads to the contamination of workplace with the dust of toxic metals, acidic vapors, and particles of different natures. To evaluate contamination by particulate matter (PM), the passive particle collectors were installed in different manufacturing units for a period of 85 days at Tanti Bazar, Dhaka, Bangladesh...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527804/nutritive-value-and-fermentation-characteristics-of-alfalfa-mixed-grass-forage-wrapped-with-minimal-stretch-film-layers-and-stored-for-different-lengths-of-time
#6
W K Coblentz, R K Ogden, M S Akins, E A Chow
A key aspect of managing baled silages is to quickly achieve and then rigorously maintain anaerobic conditions within the silage mass. The concept of inserting an O2-limiting barrier (OB) into plastic commercial silage wraps has been evaluated previously, yielding mixed or inconclusive results. Our objective for this study was to maximize the challenge to a commercial polyethylene bale wrap, or the identical wrap containing an OB, by using minimal plastic (4 layers), and then extending storage periods as long as 357 d...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527315/longitudinal-decline-in-speech-production-in-parkinson-s-disease-spectrum-disorders
#7
Sharon Ash, Charles Jester, Collin York, Olga L Kofman, Rachel Langey, Amy Halpin, Kim Firn, Sophia Dominguez Perez, Lama Chahine, Meredith Spindler, Nabila Dahodwala, David J Irwin, Corey McMillan, Daniel Weintraub, Murray Grossman
We examined narrative speech production longitudinally in non-demented (n=15) and mildly demented (n=8) patients with Parkinson's disease spectrum disorder (PDSD), and we related increasing impairment to structural brain changes in specific language and motor regions. Patients provided semi-structured speech samples, describing a standardized picture at two time points (mean±SD interval=38±24months). The recorded speech samples were analyzed for fluency, grammar, and informativeness. PDSD patients with dementia exhibited significant decline in their speech, unrelated to changes in overall cognitive or motor functioning...
May 17, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524788/state-of-global-pediatric-neurosurgery-outreach-survey-by-the-international-education-subcommittee
#8
Matthew C Davis, Brandon G Rocque, Ash Singhal, Thomas Ridder, Jogi V Pattisapu, James M Johnston
OBJECTIVE Neurosurgical services are increasingly recognized as essential components of surgical care worldwide. The degree of interest among neurosurgeons regarding international work, and the barriers to involvement in global neurosurgical outreach, are largely unexplored. The authors distributed a survey to members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (AANS/CNS) Joint Section on Pediatric Neurosurgery to assess the state of global outreach among its members and to identify barriers to involvement...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523699/imaging-and-peritoneal-dialysis-catheters
#9
Stephen Ash, Adrian Sequeira, Rajeev Narayan
The placement of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter by interventionalists demands not only procedural skill but also an ability to decipher real-time ultrasonographic and fluoroscopic images. In this article, we discuss how imaging assists in PD placement and recognition of complications. To aid this endeavor, we have provided images and video clips that should assist interventionalists. Compared with the fluoroscopic technique, peritoneoscopic PD catheter placement provides direct visual imaging to also aid placement of the initial trocar and the peritoneal catheter...
May 18, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522523/mutualists-endow-certain-appetites
#10
Caroline Ash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521386/remobilisation-of-industrial-lead-depositions-in-ash-during-australian-wildfires
#11
Liqin Wu, Mark Patrick Taylor, Heather K Handley
This study examined the recycling of lead (Pb) in ash from wildfires, its source and potential contribution to environmental contamination. Ash from wildfires was collected from four Australian sites following uncontrolled fires during 2012 to 2013 close to major urban populations in Sydney (New South Wales), Hobart (Tasmania) and Adelaide (South Australia). The samples were analysed for their total Pb concentration and Pb isotopic composition to determine the sources of Pb and the extent, if any, of industrial contamination and its recycling into the ecosystem...
May 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521152/an-improved-method-for-the-rapid-determination-of-90-sr-in-cow-s-milk
#12
Nicolas Guérin, Remi Riopel, Ray Rao, Sheila Kramer-Tremblay, Xiongxin Dai
An improved method was developed to rapidly determine strontium-90 ((90)Sr) in cow's milk samples in the event of a nuclear emergency. To perform this method, no heating or ashing steps were needed and all of the material used was disposable. Stable Sr tracer was added to each 40 mL milk sample. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) were added to the sample to flocculate the suspended fat and proteins in the milk. The sample was centrifuged and the strontium in the supernatant was precipitated with carbonate...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517969/prevalence-and-determinants-of-depression-among-patients-under-the-care-of-traditional-health-practitioners-in-a-kenyan-setting-policy-implications
#13
Christine W Musyimi, Victoria N Mutiso, Abednego M Musau, Lydia K Matoke, David M Ndetei
In Kenya, there is paucity of information on depression among traditional health practitioner (THP) patients, particularly in rural areas. The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence and identify determinants of major depressive disorder (MDD) among patients of THP in rural Kenya using the World Health Organization (WHO) Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guideline (mhGAP-IG). All adult patients seeking care from trained THPs (either traditional healers such as diviners and herbalists or faith healers, who use treatments such as prayers, laying hands on patients, or providing holy water and ash to their patients) over a period of 3 months (September 2014 to November 2014) were screened for depression using mhGAP-IG and their sociodemographic characteristics recorded...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516354/characterization-partitioning-and-potential-ecological-risk-quantification-of-trace-elements-in-coal-fly-ash
#14
Zeba Usmani, Vipin Kumar
Coal-based thermal power plants are the major source of power generation in India. Combustion of coal gives rise to by-products such as fly ash (FA) in huge quantities. The current study focuses on physico-chemical and mineralogical characterization and risk evaluation of FA, generated from five thermal power plants (TPPs) of India. The coal, and corresponding FA and bottom ash (BA) were further analyzed for trace elements in order to observe the enrichment and partitioning behavior of elements. The environmental risk assessment of trace elements in FA was performed in accordance with geoaccumulation index (I geo) and potential ecological risk index (PERI)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515789/towards-miscanthus-combustion-quality-improvement-the-role-of-flowering-and-senescence
#15
Elaine Jensen, Paul Robson, Kerrie Farrar, Sian Thomas Jones, John Clifton-Brown, Roger Payne, Iain Donnison
In commercially grown Miscanthus × giganteus, despite imposing a yield penalty, postwinter harvests improve quality criteria for thermal conversion and crop sustainability through remobilization of nutrients to the underground rhizome. We examined 16 Miscanthus genotypes with different flowering and senescence times for variation in N, P, K, moisture, ash, Cl and Si contents, hypothesizing that early flowering and senescence could result in improved biomass quality and/or enable an earlier harvest of biomass (in autumn at peak yield)...
May 2017: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515646/lotus-nelumbo-nucifera-rhizome-as-an-antioxidant-dietary-fiber-in-cooked-sausage-effects-on-physicochemical-and-sensory-characteristics
#16
Youn-Kyung Ham, Ko-Eun Hwang, Dong-Heon Song, Yong-Jae Kim, Dong-Jin Shin, Kyung-Il Kim, Hye-Jin Lee, Na-Rae Kim, Cheon-Jei Kim
The objective of this study was to determine the physicochemical and sensory properties of cooked emulsion sausages containing different levels of lotus rhizome powder (0, 1, 2, and 3%, based on total weight). Lotus rhizome powder had no significant (p>0.05) impact on pH, moisture, protein, or ash content of sausage. However, fat content was slightly but significantly (p<0.05) decreased when the level of lotus rhizome powder was increased in the sausages. The addition of lotus rhizome powder to sausages at over 1% resulted in significantly (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515299/a-diverse-range-of-novel-rna-viruses-in-geographically-distinct-honey-bee-populations
#17
Emily J Remnant, Mang Shi, Gabriele Buchmann, Tjeerd Blacquière, Edward C Holmes, Madeleine Beekman, Alyson Ashe
Understanding the diversity and consequences of viruses present in honey bees is critical to maintain pollinator health and manage the spread of disease. The viral landscape of honey bees (Apis mellifera) has changed dramatically since the emergence of the parasitic mite Varroa destructor, which increased the spread of virulent variants of viruses such as Deformed wing virus. Previous genomic studies have focused on colonies suffering from Varroa and virulent viruses, which could mask other viral species present in honey bees, resulting in a distorted view of viral diversity...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515265/clinical-marker-for-alzheimer-disease-pathology-in-logopenic-primary-progressive-aphasia
#18
Lucia A A Giannini, David J Irwin, Corey T McMillan, Sharon Ash, Katya Rascovsky, David A Wolk, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, Edward B Lee, John Q Trojanowski, Murray Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether logopenic features of phonologic loop dysfunction reflect Alzheimer disease (AD) neuropathology in primary progressive aphasia (PPA). METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study of 34 patients with PPA with available autopsy tissue. We compared baseline and longitudinal clinical features in patients with primary AD neuropathology to those with primary non-AD pathologies. We analyzed regional neuroanatomic disease burden in pathology-defined groups using postmortem neuropathologic data...
May 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513337/assessment-of-applicability-index-for-better-management-of-municipal-solid-waste-a-case-study-of-dhanbad-india
#19
Pooja Yadav, S R Samadder
Selection of suitable Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) options is one of the major challenges in urban areas of the developing countries. Success of MSWM, requires accurate data of generation rate, composition, and physico-chemical characteristics of solid wastes. Improper handling of solid waste can have significant environmental and aesthetical impacts. The present study proposes a new method (applicability index- Pik values) for identifying the most appropriate disposal option with the help of applicability values of Composting-CP, Incineration-IP, and Landfill-LP for individual components of MSW based on the results of the physico-chemical analysis of the collected representative solid waste samples from the study area, Dhanbad, India...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511814/evaluation-of-the-influence-of-mechanical-activation-on-physical-and-chemical-properties-of-municipal-solid-waste-incineration-sludge
#20
V Caprai, M V A Florea, H J H Brouwers
Despite numerous studies concerning the application of by-products in the construction field, municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) residues are not widely used as secondary building materials. In some European countries, washing treatment to the full bottom ash (BA) fraction (0-32 mm) is applied, isolating more contaminated particles, smaller than 0.063 mm. Therefore, a MWSI sludge is produced, having a high moisture content, and thus a limited presence of soluble species. In order to enhance its performance as building material, here, dry mechanical activation is applied on MSWI sludge...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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