keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Guillain barre syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632511/zika-virus-a-cause-of-concern-in-transplantation
#1
Marilyn E Levi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Worldwide, the number of countries reporting Zika virus (ZKV) infection continues to increase. Although 80% of cases are asymptomatic, ZKV has been identified as a neurotropic virus associated with congenital microcephaly, Guillain-Barre' syndrome, and meningoencephalitis. Until recently, infection in transplant recipients has not been identified. This study will review the existing literature on ZKV infection, laboratory testing, and management in transplant recipients...
June 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626021/acute-segmental-poliomyelitis-like-flaccid-paralysis-in-an-adult-in-the-uk-associated-with-enterovirus-d68
#2
Sybil R L Stacpoole, Adam Molyneux, Dirk Bäumer
Enterovirus D68 has been associated with a poliomyelitis-like illness, notably during an outbreak in 2014, and particularly affecting children in the USA. We report a case of acute segmental flaccid paralysis with respiratory involvement in an adult in the UK, with enterovirus D68 detected in a sputum sample. MR imaging of cervical spinal cord showed a longitudinally extensive T2 hyperintensity in the anterior cord. Cerebrospinal fluid showed an elevated white cell count, predominantly lymphocytic, with otherwise normal constituents and negative viral PCRs...
June 16, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622911/demyelination-strokes-and-eculizumab-lessons-from-the-congenital-cd59-gene-mutations
#3
Adi Tabib, Netanel Karbian, Dror Mevorach
Neurological symptoms of patients with p.Cys89Tyr mutation in the CD59 gene include recurrent peripheral neuropathy resembling Guillain-Barré syndrome, characterized by sensory-motor demyelinating neuropathy with secondary axonal damage and moderate enhancement of the nerve roots on spine MRI, together with recurrent strokes and retinal involvement. Three additional mutations in CD59, leading to loss of function, have been described, and overall, 12/12 (100%) of patients with any mutation presented with neurological symptoms; 11/12 (92%) patients presented with recurrent peripheral neuropathy, 6/12 (50%) with recurrent strokes, and 1/12 (8%) with retinal involvement...
June 13, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617719/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-and-zika-virus-outbreaks
#4
Osvaldo J M Nascimento, Ivan R F da Silva
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arboviruses have been associated with central and peripheral nervous system injuries, in special the flaviviruses. Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), transverse myelitis, meningoencephalitis, ophthalmological manifestations, and other neurological complications have been recently associated to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection. In this review, we aim to analyze the epidemiological aspects, possible pathophysiology, and what we have learned about the clinical and laboratory findings, as well as treatment of patients with ZIKV-associated neurological complications...
June 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612931/a-rating-scale-for-the-severity-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#5
Z Guan, L Shang, W Zhang, Y Guo, Y Xue, X Li, Y Gong, X Liu
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to develop a rating scale to assess the severity of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). METHODS: The preliminary rating scale, which contained 11 items, was developed by the Delphi method, and data of 258 patients were collected to evaluate it. Item analysis was accomplished by 100 patients; the additional 158 patients were used to evaluate the reliability, validity, and discriminative ability of the rating scale. The structure of the rating scale was testified by the confirmatory factor analysis and also made a further evaluation by the correlation analysis...
June 14, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612899/recurrent-miller-fisher-a-new-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#6
F Barbato, A Di Paolantonio, M Distefano, A Mastrorosa, M Sabatelli, S Servidei, M Luigetti
Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is considered to be an uncommon variant of Guillain-Barré Syndrome. The disease is clinically characterized by acute ataxia of limbs, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia, although the set of symptoms and signs can be quite heterogeneous, with a benign and monophasic course. We describe a case of recurrent MFS where there have been four clinical episodes occurred with complete remission after each relapse. Last recurrence was treated with oral steroids. The reported frequency of recurrent MFS in literature is variable as well as the best treatment in these cases...
May 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603379/effects-of-daily-living-occupational-therapy-and-resistance-exercise-on-the-activities-of-daily-living-and-muscular-fitness-in-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-a-case-study
#7
Kwang-Jun Ko, Gi-Chul Ha, Seol-Jung Kang
[Purpose] The study aimed to investigate the effects of daily living occupational therapy and resistance exercise on the performance of activities of daily living and muscular fitness in a patient with Guillain-Barré syndrome. [Subject and Methods] A 35-year-old man was diagnosed with Guillain-Barré syndrome. He was hospitalized at A Hospital for 3 years, and was discharged from the hospital after he became able to execute daily life activities. After discharge, he performed daily occupational therapy and resistance exercise twice a week for 70 minutes per session for 12 weeks...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601976/zika-virus-as-an-emerging-neuropathogen-mechanisms-of-neurovirulence-and-neuro-immune-interactions
#8
REVIEW
Gerwyn Morris, Tatiana Barichello, Brendon Stubbs, Cristiano A Köhler, André F Carvalho, Michael Maes
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging arbovirus of the genus Flaviviridae, which causes a febrile illness and has spread from across the Pacific to the Americas in a short timeframe. Convincing evidence has implicated the ZIKV to incident cases of neonatal microcephaly and a set of neurodevelopmental abnormalities referred to as the congenital Zika virus syndrome. In addition, emerging data points to an association with the ZIKV and the development of the so-called Guillain-Barre syndrome, an acute autoimmune polyneuropathy...
June 11, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599839/evidence-based-effects-of-yoga-in-neurological-disorders
#9
REVIEW
A Mooventhan, L Nivethitha
Though yoga is one of the widely used mind-body medicine for health promotion, disease prevention and as a possible treatment modality for neurological disorders, there is a lack of evidence-based review. Hence, we performed a comprehensive search in the PubMed/Medline electronic database to review relevant articles in English, using keywords "yoga and neurological disorder, yoga and multiple sclerosis, yoga and stroke, yoga and epilepsy, yoga and Parkinson's disease, yoga and dementia, yoga and cerebrovascular disease, yoga and Alzheimer disease, yoga and neuropathy, yoga and myelopathy, and yoga and Guillain-Barre syndrome"...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592527/zika-virus-hijacks-stress-granule-proteins-and-modulates-the-host-stress-response
#10
Shangmei Hou, Anil Kumar, Zaikun Xu, Adriana M Airo, Iryna Stryapunina, Cheung Pang Wong, William Branton, Egor Tchesnokov, Matthias Götte, Christopher Power, Tom C Hobman
Zika virus (ZIKV), a member of the Flaviviridae family, has recently emerged as an important human pathogen with increasing economic and health impact worldwide. Because of its teratogenic nature and association with the serious neurological condition Guillain-Barré syndrome, a tremendous amount of effort has focused on understanding ZIKV pathogenesis. To gain further insights into ZIKV interaction with host cells, we investigated how this pathogen affects stress response pathways. While ZIKV infection induces stress signaling that leads to phosphorylation of eIF2α and cellular translational arrest, stress granule (SG) formation was inhibited...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591395/the-many-faces-of-demyelinating-diseases-acute-disseminated-encephalomyelitis-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-the-same-patient
#11
Régis Augusto Reis Trindade, Amália Izaura Nair Medeiros Klaes, Juliana Ávila Duarte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588819/three-cases-of-acute-distal-demyelinating-neuropathy-with-recovery
#12
Emilia Österlund-Tauriala, Juhani V Partanen
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) may present as distal acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP), with severe distal demyelination of the peripheral nerves in the absence of radiculitis. Clinical course is benign, and prognosis seems favorable, but nerve conduction studies (NCS) findings at nadir may resemble some chronic forms of polyneuropathy, so close follow-up during recovery is needed.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584297/increased-risk-of-influenza-among-vaccinated-adults-who-are-obese
#13
S D Neidich, W D Green, J Rebeles, E A Karlsson, S Schultz-Cherry, T L Noah, S Chakladar, M G Hudgens, S S Weir, M A Beck
BACKGROUND: Influenza infects 5-15% of the global population each year, and obesity has been shown to be an independent risk factor for increased influenza-related complications including hospitalization and death. However, the risk of developing influenza or ILI in a vaccinated obese adult population has not been addressed. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether obesity was associated with increased risk of influenza and influenza-like illness among vaccinated adults...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581273/clinical-features-of-post-vaccination-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-gbs-in-korea
#14
Yong Shik Park, Keon Joo Lee, Seung Woo Kim, Kyung Min Kim, Bum Chun Suh
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is the most common immune-mediated polyradiculoneuropathy and it is also the most commonly reported severe adverse event following immunization in adults. To evaluate the results of clinical and laboratory features of GBS after vaccination in Korea, we analyzed the claims-based data from 2002 to 2014 using materials collected for the Advisory Committee Vaccination Injury Compensation (ACVIC) meeting including, clinical features, nerve conduction studies (NCSs), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profiles, treatment, and outcomes...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577343/de-novo-rna-synthesis-catalyzed-by-the-zika-virus-rna-polymerase-domain
#15
Christina Calmels, Michel Ventura, Cindy Aknin, Mathieu Métifiot, Marie-Line Andreola
Mosquito- and tick-borne pathogens including Chikungunya, Dengue, Japanese encephalitis, West Nile, Yellow fever and Zika virus, represent a new economic and public health challenge. In the absence of effective vaccines and specific therapies, only supportive regimens are administrated for most of these infections. Thus, the development of a targeted therapy is mandatory to stop the rapid progression of these pathogens and preoccupant associated burdens such as Guillain-Barre syndrome, microcephaly. For this, it is essential to develop biochemical tools to help study and target key viral enzymes involved in replication such as helicase complexes, methyl-transferases and RNA-dependent RNA polymerases...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575919/zika-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women-and-microcephaly
#16
Geraldo Duarte, Antonio Fernandes Moron, Artur Timerman, César Eduardo Fernandes, Corintio Mariani Neto, Gutemberg Leão de Almeida Filho, Heron Werner Junior, Hilka Flavia Barra do Espírito Santo, João Alfredo Piffero Steibel, João Bortoletti Filho, Juvenal Barreto Borriello de Andrade, Marcelo Burlá, Marcos Felipe Silva de Sá, Newton Eduardo Busso, Paulo César Giraldo, Renato Augusto Moreira de Sá, Renato Passini Junior, Rosiane Mattar, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco
From the discovery of the Zika virus (ZIKV) in 1947 in Uganda (Africa), until its arrival in South America, it was not known that it would affect human reproductive life so severely. Today, damage to the central nervous system is known to be multiple, and microcephaly is considered the tip of the iceberg. Microcephaly actually represents the epilogue of this infection's devastating process on the central nervous system of embryos and fetuses. As a result of central nervous system aggression by the ZIKV, this infection brings the possibility of arthrogryposis, dysphagia, deafness and visual impairment...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562637/identification-of-diagnostic-peptide-regions-that-distinguish-zika-virus-from-related-mosquito-borne-flaviviruses
#17
Alexandra J Lee, Roshni Bhattacharya, Richard H Scheuermann, Brett E Pickett
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of the Flavivirus genus of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, which includes Dengue, West Nile, Yellow Fever, and other mosquito-borne arboviruses. Infection by ZIKV can be difficult to distinguish from infection by other mosquito-borne Flaviviruses due to high sequence similarity, serum antibody cross-reactivity, and virus co-circulation in endemic areas. Indeed, existing serological methods are not able to consistently differentiate ZIKV from other Flaviviruses, which makes it extremely difficult to accurately calculate the incidence rate of Zika-associated Guillain-Barre in adults, microcephaly in newborns, or asymptomatic infections within a geographical area...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555456/-acute-polyneuropathies-in-a-hospital-in-the-south-of-spain-ten-years-experience
#18
M M Alonso-Montejo, M C Pradillo, E E Moreno-Medinilla, P Navas-Sanchez, J L Martinez-Anton
INTRODUCTION: Guillain-Barre syndrome is the most frequent cause of acute flaccid paralysis in children. AIM: To describe the characteristics of patients diagnosed with acute polyneuropathies and their long-term progress. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive analysis of children under 14 years of age admitted to our hospital between January 2004 and December 2014. Clinical, demographic and neurophysiological variables were collected together with other imaging tests...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544133/autoimmune-encephalitis-associated-with-voltage-gated-potassium-channels-complex-and-leucine-rich-glioma-inactivated-1-antibodies-a-national-cohort-study
#19
M Celicanin, M Blaabjerg, C Maersk-Moller, S Beniczky, L Marner, C Thomsen, F W Bach, D Kondziella, H Andersen, F Somnier, Z Illes, L H Pinborg
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe clinical and paraclinical characteristics of all Danish patients who tested positive for anti-voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC)-complex, anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) and anti-contactin-associated protein-2 antibodies in the serum/cerebrospinal fluid between 2009 and 2013 with follow-up interviews in 2015 and 2016. METHODS: We evaluated antibody status, symptoms leading to testing, course of disease, suspected diagnosis and time of admission as well as diagnosis and treatment...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538257/what-s-in-the-literature
#20
Mark Bromberg, Nicholas J Silvestri, David Lacomis
In this edition, we provide a detailed summary of an informative book, "GBS100: Celebrating a Century of Progress in Guillain-Barré Syndrome" developed by the Peripheral Nerve Society to honor the centenary of the original paper on Guillain-Barré Syndrome. We also review various studies in myasthenia gravis including: management with rituximab; the efficacy of early fast-acting treatment with corticosteroids; and various dosing strategies for tacrolimus. Finally, we review new studies including: the potential pathogenesis, risk factors, and functional decline of patients with inclusion body myositis; MxA immunoreactivity in dermatomyositis; diagnostic approaches for evaluating patients with myalgia, fatigue, and exercise intolerance; MRI patterns in genetic muscle disease; and MRI as an outcome measure in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
keyword
keyword
12140
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"