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Pediatric ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647851/a-questionnaire-survey-of-radiological-diagnosis-and-management-of-renal-dysplasia-in-children
#1
Giovanni Montini, Marco Busutti, Fatos Yalcinkaya, Adrian S Woolf, Stefanie Weber
BACKGROUND: The condition called renal dysplasia is considered to be a frequent cause of chronic kidney disease in children. Formally, it is defined by histological parameters. In current nephrology practice, however, the appearance of the kidneys on ultrasound scanning is often used as a basis for the diagnosis. METHODS: The European Society for Pediatric Nephrology Working Group on Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract hypothesized that the current diagnostic approach with regard to renal dysplasia was not homogeneous...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646595/point-of-care-ultrasound-work-flow-innovation-impact-on-documentation-and-billing
#2
Matthew J Flannigan, Srikar Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact that an innovative automated ultrasound (US) work flow, which allows for bedside performance of examination documentation and order placement, has on point-of-care US billing compared to ordering US examinations through an electronic medical record. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of point-of-care US billing data (March 2014-February 2016) for adult and pediatric emergency departments with an emergency medicine residency and a US fellowship...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639144/rural-versus-urban-compliance-in-the-management-of-cryptorchidism-is-there-a-difference
#3
Dana Point, Chad Morley, Ali Tourchi, Sunil Reddy, Pokket Sirisreetreerux, John Gearhart, Osama Al-Omar
The authors compared the age and referral patterns of pediatric patients undergoing surgical intervention for cryptorchidism at a rural, West Virginia University, versus urban, Johns Hopkins University, tertiary center. A retrospective review of patients undergoing surgical evaluation for cryptorchidism was performed. Patients treated for reasons unrelated to cryptorchidism or referred for multiple urologic diagnoses were excluded. The patients at each institution were then divided into four groups based on their corrected gestational age at time of surgery...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638256/comparison-of-ultrasonography-and-low-dose-computed-tomography-for-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-urolithiasis-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Recep Sade, Hayri Ogul, Suat Eren, Akin Levent, Mecit Kantarci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare ultrasonography (US) and low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for diagnosing pediatric urolithiasis in the emergency department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional ethics committee, and informed consent was waived. From March 2016 to March 2017, 100 consecutive patients met the selection criteria and were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly selected in a 1:1 ratio and were allocated to one of the following two imaging groups: US or abdominal LDCT...
June 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634578/neonatal-venous-thromboembolism
#5
REVIEW
Kristina M Haley
Neonates are the pediatric population at highest risk for development of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and the incidence of VTE in the neonatal population is increasing. This is especially true in the critically ill population. Several large studies indicate that the incidence of neonatal VTE is up almost threefold in the last two decades. Central lines, fluid fluctuations, sepsis, liver dysfunction, and inflammation contribute to the risk profile for VTE development in ill neonates. In addition, the neonatal hemostatic system is different from that of older children and adults...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626910/intravenous-and-intracavitary-use-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-complicated-pediatric-pneumonia
#6
Annamaria Deganello, Vasileios Rafailidis, Maria E Sellars, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Kleanthi Kalogerakou, Gary Ruiz, David O Cosgrove, Paul S Sidhu
Pediatric pneumonia can be complicated by necrotizing pneumonia or a parapneumonic effusion either in the form of an empyema or a clear effusion. Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography represent well-established modalities for evaluation of complicated pediatric pneumonia. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was recently introduced and is gaining increasing acceptance in pediatric imaging. In this case series, we present our initial experience with both intravenous and intracavitary use of CEUS in children with complicated pneumonia...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621297/endoscopic-ultrasound-with-or-without-fine-needle-aspiration-has-a-meaningful-impact-on-clinical-care-in-the-pediatric-population
#7
Amit Raina, Maire A Conrad, Benjamin Sahn, Alireza Sedarat, Gregory G Ginsberg, Nuzhat A Ahmad, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Petar Mamula, Michael L Kochman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The safety and utility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for the evaluation and management of gastrointestinal (GI) tract disorders among adults has been established. The literature on safety and efficacy in a pediatric referral population (under 21 years of age) is limited. We hypothesized that EUS is safe and useful in the pediatric population. We reviewed the pediatric EUS experience at a single tertiary-care system. We describe the indications, findings, safety, technical success rate, and impact on clinical outcomes...
May 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620596/optimal-length-of-follow-up-for-the-detection-of-unsuccessful-pediatric-pyeloplasty-a-single-center-experience
#8
Utsav K Bansal, Pankaj P Dangle, Heidi Stephany, Asad Durrani, Glenn Cannon, Francis X Schneck, Michael C Ost
OBJECTIVES: To assess the optimal length of follow-up for patients undergoing both open and minimally invasive pyeloplasties to ensure prompt detection of a recurrent obstruction. There are no standard guidelines on ideal follow-up and imaging post-pediatric pyeloplasty currently. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified 264 patients (<18 years old) who underwent pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction between April 2002 and December 2014...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618193/introduction-of-color-flow-injection-test-to-confirm-intravascular-location-of-peripherally-placed-intravenous-catheters
#9
Nischal K Gautam, Kayla R Bober, Chunyan Cai
BACKGROUND: The incidence of infiltration and extravasation when using peripheral intravenous catheters is high in pediatric patients. Due to the lack of a gold standard test to confirm intravascular location of a peripherally placed intravenous catheter, we introduce a novel method, the color-flow injection test to assess the intravascular location of these catheters. For the color-flow injection test, 1 mL of normal saline was injected within 2 seconds in the distal intravenous catheter and changes in color-flow via ultrasonography were observed at the proximal draining veins...
June 15, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617151/lithium-exposure-during-pregnancy-outcomes-for-women-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#10
Jacqueline Frayne, Thinh Nguyen, Tabitha Mok, Yvonne Hauck, Helena Liira
INTRODUCTION: Lithium treatment in pregnancy represents a significant dilemma for women and treating health professionals alike. The complexity of risk-benefit analysis is impacted by limited information. METHODS: A cohort study of 33 women with severe mental illness, who were prescribed lithium at any time during the pregnancy, and gave birth between December 2007 and January 2015 at a specialist antenatal clinic in Western Australia. A descriptive comparison for women who continued lithium throughout pregnancy, and those who ceased on discovery of pregnancy was undertaken examining demographic, obstetric, neonatal and psychiatric variables...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612057/imaging-studies-and-biomarkers-to-detect-clinically-meaningful-vesicoureteral-reflux
#11
REVIEW
Michaella Maloney Prasad, Earl Y Cheng
The work-up of a febrile urinary tract infection is generally performed to detect vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and its possible complications. The imaging modalities most commonly used for this purpose are renal-bladder ultrasound, voiding cystourethrogram and dimercapto-succinic acid scan. These studies each contribute valuable information, but carry individual benefits and limitations that may impact their efficacy. Biochemical markers are not commonly used in pediatric urology to diagnose or differentiate high-risk disease, but this is the emerging frontier, which will hopefully change our approach to VUR in the future...
June 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610706/ultrasound-guided-bilateral-rectus-sheath-block-vs-conventional-local-analgesia-in-single-port-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-children-with-nonperforated-appendicitis
#12
Caroline Maloney, Michelle Kallis, Ibrahim Abd El-Shafy, Aaron M Lipskar, John Hagen, Michelle Kars
INTRODUCTION: Despite its minimally invasive approach, laparoscopic surgery can cause considerable pain. Regional analgesic techniques such as the rectus sheath block (RSB) offer improved pain management following elective umbilical hernia repair in the pediatric population. This effect has not been examined in laparoscopic single-incision surgery in children. We sought to compare the efficacy of bilateral ultrasound-guided RSB versus local anesthetic infiltration (LAI) in providing postoperative pain relief in pediatric single-incision transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy (TULA) with same-day discharge...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610670/lung-ultrasound-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-radiographically-confirmed-pneumonia-in-low-resource-settings
#13
Laura E Ellington, Robert H Gilman, Miguel A Chavez, Farhan Pervaiz, Julio Marin-Concha, Patricia Compen-Chang, Stefan Riedel, Shalim J Rodriguez, Charlotte Gaydos, Justin Hardick, James M Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Jane Benson, Evelyn A May, Dante Figueroa-Quintanilla, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide; however, its diagnosis can be challenging, especially in settings where skilled clinicians or standard imaging are unavailable. We sought to determine the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound when compared to radiographically-confirmed clinical pediatric pneumonia. METHODS: Between January 2012 and September 2013, we consecutively enrolled children aged 2-59 months with primary respiratory complaints at the outpatient clinics, emergency department, and inpatient wards of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño in Lima, Peru...
July 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609517/abdominal-ultrasound-for-pediatric-blunt-trauma-fast-is-not-always-better
#14
EDITORIAL
David O Kessler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608519/catheter-based-anatomic-and-functional-assessment-of-coronary-arteries-in-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-myocardial-bridges-and-kawasaki-disease
#15
Athar M Qureshi, Hitesh Agrawal
Most diagnostic testing in patients with anomalous aortic origins of coronary arteries, myocardial bridges, and coronary artery changes after Kawasaki disease are performed with the use of noninvasive techniques. In some cases, however, further diagnostic information is needed to guide the clinician in treating these patients. In such instances, cardiac catheterization with invasive anatomic and functional testing is an invaluable tool. Moreover, interventional treatment in the cardiac catheterization laboratory may be performed in a small subset of these patients...
June 13, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606692/percutaneous-sclerotherapy-of-pediatric-lymphatic-malformations-experience-and-outcomes-according-to-the-agent-used
#16
C Gallego Herrero, V Navarro Cutillas
OBJECTIVE: Analyze statistically the success, number of sessions required and complete duration of treatment of agents used in pediatric percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations, to determine the most suitable. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study based on outcomes from percutaneous sclerotherapy performed on lymphatic malformations of 56 patients conducted by pediatric interventional radiologist for 14 years. As first approach, the procedure consists of ultrasound-guided introduction of sclerosing agent...
June 9, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606575/good-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-reduces-the-risk-for-nash-and-diabetes-in-pediatric-patients-with-obesity-the-results-of-an-italian-study
#17
Claudia Della Corte, Antonella Mosca, Andrea Vania, Arianna Alterio, Salvatore Iasevoli, Valerio Nobili
OBJECTIVE: In the last decade, it was demonstrated that the Mediterranean diet (MD) represents an ideal diet for all age groups and has an important role in the prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, as well as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to analyze the association between adherence to the MD and NAFLD, with laboratory and histologic evaluation, in a group of children and adolescents with obesity. METHODS: We enrolled 243 patients with obesity referred to our department from March 2014 to November 2015...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604072/-ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-distal-pediatric-forearm-fractures
#18
Marcell Varga, Nikolett Gáti, Erika Kalóz, Zsuzsanna Bíró, Csenge Szeverényi, Dániel Kardos, Gergő Józsa
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of our prospective study was to evaluate the effectivity of sonographic diagnosis of pediatric wrist fractures and analyzing the results of two pediatric musculoskeletal centers. METHOD: Between 2011 January and 2015 December 467 children aged 0-15 with closed wrist injuries and open growth plates were sonographically and radiologically evaluated by an orthopaedic surgeon or a resident in trainee. Sonography was performed immediately after physical examination with linear probes of 7-14 Mhz frequency...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602329/central-corneal-thickness-and-intraocular-pressure-changes-after-congenital-cataract-surgery-with-intraocular-lens-implantation-in%C3%A2-children-younger-than-2%C3%A2-years
#19
Jaspreet Sukhija, Savleen Kaur
PURPOSE: To evaluate the change in central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) preoperatively to postoperatively in children younger than 2 years of age having surgery with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for congenital cataract. SETTING: Tertiary care institute, Chandigarh, India. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Children younger than 2 years old who had phacoaspiration with IOL implantation were studied...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601612/improving-pediatric-breast-ultrasound-reporting-and-recommendations
#20
Aarti Patil Luhar, Michael Chiang, Jessica Langer, Esha Gupta, Fariba Goodarzian, Amit Sura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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