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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550439/baseline-anthropometric-and-metabolic-parameters-correlate-with-weight-loss-in-women-1-year-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#1
Sans Arnaud, Bailly Laurent, Anty Rodolphe, Sielezenef Igor, Gugenheim Jean, Tran Albert, Gual Philippe, Iannelli Antonio
BACKGROUND: In this study, we explored in a prospective cohort of morbidly obese women undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGP) correlations between baseline anthropometrics, metabolic parameters, resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition, and 1-year % excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL). We also investigated risk factors for insufficient %EBMIL. METHODS: One hundred three consecutive women were prospectively evaluated at baseline (age 40...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550438/what-are-the-real-procedural-costs-of-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-literature-review-of-published-cost-analyses
#2
REVIEW
Brett Doble, Sarah Wordsworth, Chris A Rogers, Richard Welbourn, James Byrne, Jane M Blazeby
This review aims to evaluate the current literature on the procedural costs of bariatric surgery for the treatment of severe obesity. Using a published framework for the conduct of micro-costing studies for surgical interventions, existing cost estimates from the literature are assessed for their accuracy, reliability and comprehensiveness based on their consideration of seven 'important' cost components. MEDLINE, PubMed, key journals and reference lists of included studies were searched up to January 2017...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550437/hyperoxaluria-in-a-model-of-mini-gastric-bypass-surgery-in-rats
#3
Milene S Ormanji, Fernando Korkes, Renata Meca, Crysthiane S R A Ishiy, Gustavo H C Finotti, Renato R N Ferraz, Ita P Heilberg
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is associated with hyperoxaluria hence predisposing to nephrolithiasis. The present study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms contributing to increased urinary oxalate in a mini-gastric bypass (MGB) surgery model in rats under different dietary conditions. The expression of intestinal oxalate transporters was also evaluated. METHODS: Male rats underwent MGB (n = 21) or Sham procedure (n = 21) and after recovery were fed a standard or high-fat diet with or without oxalate for 8 weeks...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549834/obstructive-sleep-apnea-the-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-after-12%C3%A2-months-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#4
P Peromaa-Haavisto, H Tuomilehto, J Kössi, J Virtanen, M Luostarinen, J Pihlajamäki, P Käkelä, M Victorzon
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder, particularly in bariatric patients. It is known to be tightly linked with metabolic abnormalities and cardiovascular morbidity. Obesity is the most noteworthy individual risk factor for OSA. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) on OSA one year after surgery. METHODS: In this prospective multicenter study standard overnight cardiorespiratory recording was conducted 12 months after bariatric surgery in 132 patients who had OSA in the baseline recording prior to the operation...
January 12, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549765/improving-patient-centered-transitional-care-after-complex-abdominal-surgery
#5
Alexandra W Acher, Stephanie A Campbell-Flohr, Maria Brenny-Fitzpatrick, Kristine M Leahy-Gross, Sara Fernandes-Taylor, Alexander V Fisher, Suresh Agarwal, Amy J Kind, Caprice C Greenberg, Pascale Carayon, Sharon M Weber
BACKGROUND: Poor-quality transitions of care from hospital to home contribute to high rates of readmission after complex abdominal surgery. The Coordinated Transitional Care (C-TraC) program improved readmission rates in medical patients, but evidence-based surgical transitional care protocols are lacking. This pilot study evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an adapted surgical C-TraC protocol. STUDY DESIGN: The intervention includes in-person enrollment of patients...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549529/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-quality-of-life-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#6
C A L de Raaff, U K Coblijn, E S M de Klerk, M J L Ravesloot, N de Vries, B A van Wagensveld
BACKGROUND: To examine the influence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the quality of life (QoL) in bariatric surgery. METHODS: All patients who underwent a laparoscopic Roux-and-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), preoperative poly(somno)graphy and completed an Impact of Weight on QoL-Lite questionnaire before and after surgery were included. RESULTS: A total of 276 patients were included. OSA was diagnosed in 150 (53.3%) patients. All subscale scores improved 15 months post-surgery (p < 0...
May 23, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548658/distinctive-microbiomes-and-metabolites-linked-with-weight-loss-after-gastric-bypass-but-not-gastric-banding
#7
Zehra Esra Ilhan, John K DiBaise, Nancy G Isern, David W Hoyt, Andrew K Marcus, Dae-Wook Kang, Michael D Crowell, Bruce E Rittmann, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are anatomically different bariatric operations. RYGB achieves greater weight loss compared with LAGB. Changes in the gut microbiome have been documented after RYGB, but not LAGB, and the microbial contribution to sustainable surgical weight loss warrants further evaluation. We hypothesized that RYGB imposes greater changes on the microbiota and its metabolism than LAGB, and that the altered microbiota may contribute to greater weight loss...
May 26, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547910/impact-of-delayed-gastric-emptying-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-on-survival
#8
Yasuro Futagawa, Masaru Kanehira, Kenei Furukawa, Hiroaki Kitamura, Seiya Yoshida, Teruyuki Usuba, Takeyuki Misawa, Tomoyoshi Okamoto, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE), a common postoperative complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), is not considered a life-threatening complication. In this study, we analyzed the risk factors for DGE and its impact on long-term prognosis. METHODS: We analyzed 383 patients who underwent PD between 2003 and 2010, dividing them into two groups according to DGE grade as defined by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery: 243 without DGE (Non-DGE Group) and 140 with DGE of any grade (DGE Group)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547566/incidence-and-predictors-of-hypoglycemia-1-year-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#9
Anna Belligoli, Marta Sanna, Roberto Serra, Roberto Fabris, Chiara Dal Pra', Scilla Conci, Paola Fioretto, Luca Prevedello, Mirto Foletto, Roberto Vettor, Luca Busetto
INTRODUCTION: Hypoglycemia is a known adverse event following gastric bypass. The incidence of hypoglycemia after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is still under investigation. The aim of our study was to verify the presence of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-related hypoglycemia after LSG and to identify any baseline predictors of its occurrence. METHODS: We analyzed 197 consecutive non-diabetic morbid obese patients that underwent LSG. All patients were studied before and 12 months after LSG...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546810/a-downmodulated-microrna-profiling-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#10
Tao Zhang, Chang Liu, Shi Huang, Yuanping Ma, Jiansong Fang, Yuanneng Chen
Objective. Here, we aim to investigate the microRNA (miR) profiling in human gastric cancer (GC). Methods. Tumoral and matched peritumoral gastric specimens were collected from 12 GC patients who underwent routine surgery. A high-throughput miR sequencing method was applied to detect the aberrantly expressed miRs in a subset of 6 paired samples. The stem-loop quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay was subsequently performed to confirm the sequencing results in the remaining 6 paired samples...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546521/phase-ii-study-of-induction-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-capecitabine-and-cisplatin-plus-bevacizumab-for-initially-unresectable-gastric-cancer-with-invasion-of-adjacent-organs-or-paraaortic-lymph-node-metastasis
#11
Jwa Hoon Kim, Sook Ryun Park, Min-Hee Ryu, Baek-Yeol Ryoo, Kyu-Pyo Kim, Beom Su Kim, Moon-Won Yoo, Jeong Hwan Yook, Byung Sik Kim, Jihun Kim, Sun-Ju Byeon, Yoon-Koo Kang
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of induction chemotherapy with docetaxel, capecitabine, and cisplatin (DXP) plus bevacizumab (BEV) on initially unresectable locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC) or paraaortic lymph node (PAN) metastatic gastric cancer (GC). Materials and Methods: Patients with LAGC or unresectable PAN metastatic GC received 6 induction chemotherapy cycles (60 mg/m2 docetaxel intravenously [i.v.] on day 1, 937.5 mg/m2 capecitabine orally twice daily on days 1-14, 60 mg/m2 cisplatin i...
May 24, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545783/risk-factors-for-severe-weight-loss-at-1-month-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#12
Kenki Segami, Toru Aoyama, Kazuki Kano, Yukio Maezawa, Tetsushi Nakajima, Kosuke Ikeda, Tsutomu Sato, Hirohito Fujikawa, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Takashi Oshima, Norio Yukawa, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Body weight loss (BWL) is frequently observed in gastric cancer patients who undergo gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The risk factors for severe BWL after gastrectomy remain unclear. METHODS: The present study retrospectively examined patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer between January 2012 and June 2014 at Kanagawa Cancer Center. All patients received perioperative care based on the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol...
May 22, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545537/efficacy-of-prophylactic-splenectomy-for-proximal-advanced-gastric-cancer-invading-greater-curvature
#13
Yu Ohkura, Shusuke Haruta, Junichi Shindoh, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Masaki Ueno, Harushi Udagawa
BACKGROUND: For proximal gastric cancer invading the greater curvature, concomitant splenectomy is frequently performed to secure the clearance of lymph node metastases. However, prognostic impact of prophylactic splenectomy remains unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the oncological significance of prophylactic splenectomy for advanced proximal gastric cancer invading the greater curvature. METHODS: Retrospective review of 108 patients who underwent total or subtotal gastrectomy for advanced proximal gastric cancer involving the greater curvature was performed...
May 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544785/inhibition-of-cxcl12-cxcr4-axis-as-a-potential-targeted-therapy-of-advanced-gastric-carcinoma
#14
REVIEW
Li-Jun Xue, Xiao-Bei Mao, Li-Li Ren, Xiao-Yuan Chu
The whole outcome for patients with gastric carcinoma (GC) is very poor because most of them remain metastatic disease during survival even at diagnosis or after surgery. Despite many improvements in multiple strategies of chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, exploration of novel alternative therapeutic targets is still warranted. Chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) have been identified with significantly elevated levels in various malignancies including GC, which correlates with the survival, proliferation, angiogenesis, and metastasis of tumor cells...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544357/classification-of-esophageal-motor-findings-in-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-conclusions-from-an-international-consensus-group
#15
REVIEW
C P Gyawali, S Roman, A J Bredenoord, M Fox, J Keller, J E Pandolfino, D Sifrim, R Tatum, R Yadlapati, E Savarino
BACKGROUND: High-resolution manometry (HRM) has resulted in new revelations regarding the pathophysiology of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). The impact of new HRM motor paradigms on reflux burden needs further definition, leading to a modern approach to motor testing in GERD. METHODS: Focused literature searches were conducted, evaluating pathophysiology of GERD with emphasis on HRM. The results were discussed with an international group of experts to develop a consensus on the role of HRM in GERD...
May 24, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542986/tryptase-expression-as-a-prognostic-marker-in-patients-with-resected-gastric-cancer
#16
C Lin, H Liu, H Zhang, Y Cao, R Li, S Wu, H Li, H He, J Xu, Y Sun
BACKGROUND: Mast cells play important roles in the progression of various malignancies, but their prognostic value in gastric cancer is unknown. Tryptase expression, as an indicator of mast cell activity, was therefore evaluated to see whether this could be incorporated usefully into a prognostic nomogram after surgery in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Tissue microarrays from patients with gastric cancer were created from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded resection specimens...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540827/complete-cytoreductive-surgery-plus-hipec-for-peritoneal-metastases-from-unusual-cancer-sites-of-origin-results-from-a-worldwide-analysis-issue-of-the-peritoneal-surface-oncology-group-international-psogi
#17
Diane Goéré, Guillaume Passot, Maximiliano Gelli, Edward A Levine, David L Bartlett, Paul H Sugarbaker, Olivier Glehen
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of patients operated on for peritoneal metastases from unusual cancer sites of origin, meaning apart from PM from colorectal, gastric and epithelial ovarian carcinomas, pseudomyxoma peritonei and mesothelioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A questionnaire concerning patients treated with CRS plus HIPEC for PM arising from unusual cancer sites of origin was sent to all centers that routinely performed HIPEC, through the Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International and the RENAPE network...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540826/drugs-doses-and-durations-of-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-standardizing-hipec-and-epic-for-colorectal-appendiceal-gastric-ovarian-peritoneal-surface-malignancies-and-peritoneal-mesothelioma
#18
Lieselotte Lemoine, Paul Sugarbaker, Kurt Van der Speeten
Peritoneal surface malignancy (PSM) is a common manifestation of digestive and gynecologic malignancies alike. At present, patients with isolated PSM are treated with a combination therapy of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic peroperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). The combination of CRS and intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy should now be considered standard of care for PSM from appendiceal epithelial cancers, colorectal cancer and peritoneal mesothelioma. Although there is a near universal standardization regarding the CRS, we are still lacking a much-needed standardization amongst the various IP chemotherapy treatment modalities used today in clinical practice...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540696/negative-conversion-of-high-serum-p53-antibody-titers-in-a-patient-with-gastric-cancer-at-31%C3%A2-months-after-surgery
#19
Kenji Murayama, Tatsuki Nanami, Takashi Suzuki, Yoko Oshima, Satoshi Yajima, Tetsuo Nemoto, Hideaki Shimada
We performed distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection, pathological stage was Stage IB (T2N0M0), in a 68-year-old male with gastric adenocarcinoma. We then monitored serum p53 antibody titers for 5 years and found it consistently decreased, without disease recurrence. Although the s-p53-Ab titer remained positive even after 2 years, it decreased to 16.5, 4.45, 2.66, 1.55, and 1.18 U/ml at 3 months, 7 months, 1 year, 2 years and 3 years after surgery, respectively. The s-p53-Ab titer finally converted from positive to negative at 31 months postoperatively without any sign of recurrence by computed tomography examination at 5 years after surgery...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540622/the-impact-of-technical-surgical-aspects-on-morbidity-of-984-patients-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-morbid-obesity
#20
Ohad Guetta, Amnon Ovnat, David Czeiger, Alex Vakhrushev, Gal Tsaban, Gilbert Sebbag
BACKGROUND: To evaluate early complications after LSG in regard of staple line reinforcement (SLR), bougie size, previous bariatric surgery and surgeon experience. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of LSG patients at the Soroka University Medical Center (SUMC). Data was collected from digitalized database. RESULTS: Nine hundred eighty-four LSG cases were performed by three surgeons. Seventy-eight complications were observed (7.9%): 44 mild (4...
May 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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