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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424765/community-health-volunteers-in-primary-healthcare-in-rural-uganda-factors-influencing-performance
#1
Yusufu Kuule, Andrew Eric Dobson, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Maria Zolfo, Robinah Najjemba, Birungi Mutahunga R Edwin, Nahabwe Haven, Kristien Verdonck, Philip Owiti, Ewan Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: Community health volunteers (CHVs) play an integral role in primary healthcare. Several countries rely on CHV programs as a major element in improving access to care and attaining universal health coverage. However, their performance has been heterogeneous and at times context-specific, and influenced by multiple factors. We describe the socio-demographic and workplace characteristics affecting CHVs' performance in a public health program in rural western Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on routine program data of CHVs serving the catchment of Bwindi Community Hospital, Kanungu District, South Western Uganda, in 2014 and 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419897/nurse-mentor-perceptions-in-the-delivery-of-a-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-to-support-patients-living-in-rural-areas-an-interpretive-study
#2
Terence J Frohmader, Frances Lin, Wendy P Chaboyer
Home-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs improve health outcomes for people diagnosed with heart disease. Mentoring of patients by nurses trained in CR has been proposed as an innovative model of cardiac care. Little is known however, about the experience of mentors facilitating such programs and adapting to this new role. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore nurse mentor perceptions of their role in the delivery of a home-based CR program for rural patients unable to attend a hospital or outpatient CR program...
April 5, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418804/determinants-of-nonmedically-indicated-in-hospital-supplementation-of-infants-whose-birthing-parents-intended-to-exclusively-breastfeed
#3
Julia Temple Newhook, Leigh Anne Newhook, William K Midodzi, Janet Murphy Goodridge, Lorraine Burrage, Nicole Gill, Beth Halfyard, Laurie Twells
BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of intention to exclusively breastfeed, rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Canada are low. Supplementation may begin in hospital and is associated with reduced breastfeeding duration. Research aim: The aim of this investigation was to explore determinants of in-hospital nonmedically indicated supplementation of infants whose birthing parents intended to exclusively breastfeed. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional one-group nonexperimental design, focused on participants who intended to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months ( n = 496)...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413842/-i-do-not-have-time-is-there-a-handout-i-can-use-combining-physicians-needs-and-behavior-change-theory-to-put-physical-activity-evidence-into-practice
#4
R E Clark, C McArthur, A Papaioannou, A M Cheung, J Laprade, L Lee, R Jain, L M Giangregorio
Guidelines for physical activity exist and following them would improve health. Physicians can advise patients on physical activity. We found barriers related to physicians' knowledge, a lack of tools and of physician incentives, and competing demands for limited time with a patient. We discuss interventions that could reduce these barriers. INTRODUCTION: Uptake of physical activity (PA) guidelines would improve health and reduce mortality in older adults. However, physicians face barriers in guideline implementation, particularly when faced with needing to tailor recommendations in the presence of chronic disease...
April 17, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410462/health-service-provision-for-people-with-epilepsy-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-situational-review
#5
REVIEW
Musa M Watila, Mark R Keezer, Samuel A Angwafor, Andrea S Winkler, Josemir W Sander
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where many people with the condition receive no treatment. Health-care services for epilepsy in this region have not been comprehensively assessed. We examined key features of epilepsy health services provided in SSA. METHODOLOGY: This was a scoping review conducted using pre-specified protocols. We implemented an electronic search strategy to identify relevant citations using PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), African Index Medicus (AIM), Open Grey, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar...
April 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405582/telehealth-to-expand-community-health-nurse-education-in-rural-guatemala-a-pilot-feasibility-and-acceptability-evaluation
#6
REVIEW
Kelly A McConnell, Lyndsay K Krisher, Maureen Lenssen, Maya Bunik, Saskia Bunge Montes, Gretchen J Domek
Telehealth education has the potential to serve as an important, low-cost method of expanding healthcare worker education and support, especially in rural settings of low- and middle-income countries. We describe an innovative educational strategy to strengthen a long-term health professional capacity building partnership between Guatemalan and US-based partners. In this pilot evaluation, community health nurses in rural Guatemala received customized, interactive education via telehealth from faculty at the supporting US-based institution...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399975/survey-of-health-care-worker-knowledge-about-childhood-tuberculosis-in-high-burden-centers-in-botswana
#7
T Arscott-Mills, L Masole, R Ncube, A P Steenhoff
BACKGROUND: Quantifying health care workers' (HCWs') knowledge about tuberculosis (TB) informs educational interventions. We assessed HCWs' knowledge about childhood TB in Botswana. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with HCWs at 46 sites around Botswana using a piloted instrument. Transcripts were double-coded using a coding schema. Discrepancies were resolved by consensus and a systematic thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: The sites (42 clinics and 4 hospitals) were urban (n = 9, 20%), semi-urban (n = 10, 22%) and rural (n = 27, 58%)...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399319/factors-associated-with-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-rural-community-dwelling-older-adults
#8
Marcia Y Shade, Ann M Berger, Claudia Chaperon, Gleb Haynatzki, Linda Sobeski, Bernice Yates
Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use is a serious public health problem in older adults because it may lead to adverse events. The purpose of the current study was to explore PIM use in rural, community-dwelling older adults. Participants (N = 138) underwent one-on-one medication reviews. Approximately one half (49%) of the sample used prescribed and over-the-counter (OTC) PIM. Prescribed and OTC nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (33%) and anticholinergic medications (28%) were the most frequently used PIM...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395073/who-hires-social-workers-structural-and-contextual-determinants-of-social-service-staffing-in-nursing-homes
#9
Amy Restorick Roberts, John R Bowblis
Although nurse staffing has been extensively studied within nursing homes (NHs), social services has received less attention. The study describes how social service departments are organized in NHs and examines the structural characteristics of NHs and other macro-focused contextual factors that explain differences in social service staffing patterns using longitudinal national data (Certification and Survey Provider Enhanced Reports, 2009-2012). NHs have three patterns of staffing for social services, using qualified social workers (QSWs); paraprofessional social service staff; and interprofessional teams, consisting of both QSWs and paraprofessionals...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379833/provision-of-palliative-care-services-by-family-physicians-is-common
#10
Claire K Ankuda, Anuradha Jetty, Andrew Bazemore, Stephen Petterson
OBJECTIVE: Provision of palliative care services by primary care physicians is increasingly important with an aging population, but it is unknown whether US primary care physicians see themselves as palliative practitioners. METHODS: This study used cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2013 American Board of Family Medicine Maintenance of Certification Demographic Survey. RESULTS: Of 10,894 family physicians, 33.1% (n = 3609) report providing palliative care...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371619/the-maternity-care-nurse-workforce-in-rural-u-s-hospitals
#11
Carrie Henning-Smith, Jennifer Almanza, Katy B Kozhimannil
OBJECTIVE: To describe the maternity care nurse staffing in rural U.S. hospitals and identify key challenges and opportunities in maintaining an adequate nursing workforce. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. SETTING: Maternity care units within rural hospitals in nine U.S. states. PARTICIPANTS: Maternity care unit managers. METHODS: We calculated descriptive statistics to characterize the rural maternity care nursing workforce by hospital birth volume and nursing staff model...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367716/psychometric-testing-of-the-smoking-cessation-counseling-scale-among-magnet%C3%A2-hospital-nurses
#12
Wen Liu, Meg Johantgen, Robin Newhouse
Psychometrics of the Smoking Cessation Counseling Scale, which measures adherence to evidence-based smoking cessation counseling practice, were originally estimated among rural hospital nurses. The purpose of this study was to estimate the scale's reliability, convergent validity, and factor structure among 289 nurses from 27 acute care Magnet® hospitals. The scale demonstrated acceptable estimates for internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .95, 95% CI = [0.94, 0.96]). Convergent validity was supported by the association with comfort in conducting smoking cessation counseling (coefficient = 3...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367677/community-advisory-board-members-perspectives-regarding-opportunities-and-challenges-of-research-collaboration
#13
Mary E Cramer, Stephen Lazoritz, Ken Shaffer, David Palm, Amy L Ford
This case study examines the perspectives of rural community advisory board (CAB) members regarding the opportunities and challenges of partnering with academic investigators on funded research. We used a sequential exploratory design to evaluate the phenomena. Qualitative and quantitative data from CAB members were integrated to gain better understanding. Results showed that CAB members valued professional networking and gaining new evidence-based knowledge to enhance their professional practices. They identified rurality, the academic research process, and fulfilling research roles as the most significant challenges...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366243/a-systematic-approach-to-evaluation-of-performance-deficiencies-in-ed-triage
#14
Mark R Reinhardt
PROBLEM: Increasing ED crowding has resulted in greater demand and longer time-to-triage and time-to-provider wait times, making accurate triage more important than ever before to avoid poor patient outcomes and possible hospital liability. In one case, a 75-year-old patient presenting with chest pain became unconscious in the ED waiting area after initial registration but before triage. Although resuscitation was attempted, the patient did not survive. Continuous assessment and improvement are needed to streamline the triage process and improve accuracy and efficiency...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365651/access-to-continuing-education-for-critical-care-nurses-in-rural-or-remote-settings
#15
Lori Hendrickx, Charlene Winters
Caring for the critically ill does not occur solely in large medical centers or urban areas. Nurses practicing in rural or remote settings practice as nurse generalists, caring for a wide range of patients, including those needing critical care. As a nurse generalist, the need for a wide variety of skill sets challenges nurses in rural areas to maintain current practice through continuing education across many content areas. They also may not come in contact with critically ill patients or emergent situations as often as their urban counterparts, which can make remaining comfortable with more advanced skills difficult...
April 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359433/social-support-moderates-the-effects-of-self-esteem-and-depression-on-quality-of-life-among-chinese-rural-elderly-in-nursing-homes
#16
Yaoyao Sun, Dan Zhang, Yang Yang, Menglian Wu, Hui Xie, Jie Zhang, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359313/an-examination-of-the-causes-consequences-and-policy-responses-to-the-migration-of-highly-trained-health-personnel-from-the-philippines-the-high-cost-of-living-leaving-a-mixed-method-study
#17
Erlinda Castro-Palaganas, Denise L Spitzer, Maria Midea M Kabamalan, Marian C Sanchez, Ruel Caricativo, Vivien Runnels, Ronald Labonté, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: Dramatic increases in the migration of human resources for health (HRH) from developing countries like the Philippines can have consequences on the sustainability of health systems. In this paper, we trace the outflows of HRH from the Philippines, map out its key causes and consequences, and identify relevant policy responses. METHODS: This mixed method study employed a decentered, comparative approach that involved three phases: (a) a scoping review on health workers' migration of relevant policy documents and academic literature on health workers' migration from the Philippines; and primary data collection with (b) 37 key stakeholders and (c) household surveys with seven doctors, 329 nurses, 66 midwives, and 18 physical therapists...
March 31, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353542/promoting-heart-health-among-rural-african-americans
#18
Laurie Abbott, Christine Williams, Elizabeth Slate, Sareen Gropper
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death for people living in the United States. African Americans bear a disproportionate burden of cardiovascular disease. Interventions designed to target multiple risk factors may facilitate elimination of cardiovascular disease health disparities. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a culturally relevant cardiovascular health promotion intervention that could potentially reduce cardiovascular disease risk among a group of rural African American adults by improving intentions, attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy to increase produce consumption, reduce dietary saturated fat intake, and increase exercise...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351765/health-risks-posed-to-infants-in-rural-china-by-exposure-to-short-and-medium-chain-chlorinated-paraffins-in-breast-milk
#19
Dan Xia, Li-Rong Gao, Ming-Hui Zheng, Jing-Guang Li, Lei Zhang, Yong-Ning Wu, Lin Qiao, Qi-Chang Tian, Hui-Ting Huang, Wen-Bin Liu, Gui-Jin Su, Guo-Rui Liu
Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are complex mixtures of synthetic chemicals found widely in environmental matrices. Short-chain CPs (SCCPs) are candidate persistent organic pollutants under the Stockholm Convention. There should be great concern about human exposure to SCCPs. Data on CP concentrations in human breast milk is scarce. This is the first study in which background SCCP and medium-chain CP (MCCP) body burdens in the general rural population of China have been estimated and health risks posed to nursing infants by CPs in breast milk assessed...
March 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347559/characteristics-of-the-chinese-rural-elderly-living-in-nursing-homes-who-have-suicidal-ideation-a-multiple-regression-model
#20
Dan Zhang, Yang Yang, Yaoyao Sun, Menglian Wu, Hui Xie, Kefang Wang, Jie Zhang, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su
BACKGROUND: Chinese rural elderly are at higher risk of committing suicide. However, little is known about the suicidal ideation (SI) of institutional elderly residents in rural China. METHODS: 250 participants aged 60 or above living in Chinese rural nursing homes were recruited. Data were collected on subjects' SI, social-demographic characters, physical illness and psychological factors. Univariate comparisons and path analysis were conducted then. RESULTS: 19...
March 24, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
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