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extended synaptotagmin-1

C Zhao, A Y-H Wu, X Yu, Y Gu, Y Lu, X Song, N An, Y Zhang
Airway remodeling manifested by hyperplasia of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) and other structural and functional changes is a pathological condition in asthma not addressed by current treatment. Ca2+ signaling is crucial for ASMC proliferation. Inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) and ryanodine receptor (RyR) mediate Ca2+ release from endoplasmic reticulum/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/SR). Upon sensing the depletion of Ca2+ in ER/SR, stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) aggregates and redistributes at the microdomain of ER/SR-plasma membrane (PM) and activates Orai1, a component of the store-operated Ca2+ (SOC) channels, to initiate Ca2+ influx...
April 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Joana R Lérias, Madalena C Pinto, Hugo M Botelho, Nikhil T Awatade, Margarida C Quaresma, Iris A L Silva, Podchanart Wanitchakool, Rainer Schreiber, Rainer Pepperkok, Karl Kunzelmann, Margarida D Amaral
An attractive possibility to treat Cystic Fibrosis (CF), a severe condition caused by dysfunctional CFTR, an epithelial anion channel, is through the activation of alternative (non-CFTR) anion channels. Anoctamin 1 (ANO1) was demonstrated to be a Ca2+ -activated chloride channel (CaCC) and thus of high potential to replace CFTR. Despite that ANO1 is expressed in human lung CF tissue, it is present at the cell surface at very low levels. In addition, little is known about regulation of ANO1 traffic, namely which factors promote its plasma membrane (PM) localization...
February 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Lu Ma, Yiying Cai, Yanghui Li, Junyi Jiao, Zhenyong Wu, Ben O'Shaughnessy, Pietro De Camilli, Erdem Karatekin, Yongli Zhang
Many biological processes rely on protein-membrane interactions in the presence of mechanical forces, yet high resolution methods to quantify such interactions are lacking. Here, we describe a single-molecule force spectroscopy approach to quantify membrane binding of C2 domains in Synaptotagmin-1 (Syt1) and Extended Synaptotagmin-2 (E-Syt2). Syts and E-Syts bind the plasma membrane via multiple C2 domains, bridging the plasma membrane with synaptic vesicles or endoplasmic reticulum to regulate membrane fusion or lipid exchange, respectively...
October 30, 2017: ELife
Imane El Kasmi, Bita Khadivjam, Miki Lackman, Johanne Duron, Eric Bonneil, Pierre Thibault, Roger Lippé
Enveloped viruses typically encode their own fusion machinery to enter cells. Herpesviruses are unusual, as they fuse with a number of cellular compartments throughout their life cycles. As uncontrolled fusion of the host membranes should be avoided in these events, tight regulation of the viral fusion machinery is critical. While studying herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) glycoprotein gM, we identified the cellular protein E-Syt1 (extended synaptotagmin 1) as an interaction partner. The interaction took place in both infected and transfected cells, suggesting other viral proteins were not required for the interaction...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Virology
Rui Huang, Jin Zhao, Jin Liu, Yingdian Wang, Shengcheng Han, Heping Zhao
N-terminal-TM-C2 domain proteins (NTMC2), which share domain architecture and sequence similarity to synaptotagmins (Syts) in mammals and FAM62 (extended Syts) in metazoans, form a small gene family in plants. Previous studies showed that the Arabidopsis thaliana NTMC2 type 1.1 protein (NTMC2T1.1, named AtSyt1) possesses calcium- and membrane-binding activities that allow it to function in a plasma membrane repair pathway induced by stress. However, we lack understanding of the diverse biological roles of plant NTMC2 family genes...
December 30, 2017: Gene
Yu-Ju Chen, Chi-Lun Chang, Wan-Ru Lee, Jen Liou
RAS association domain family 4 (RASSF4) is involved in tumorigenesis and regulation of the Hippo pathway. In this study, we identify new functional roles of RASSF4. First, we discovered that RASSF4 regulates store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), a fundamental Ca2+ signaling mechanism, by affecting the translocation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ sensor stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) to ER-plasma membrane (PM) junctions. It was further revealed that RASSF4 regulates the formation of ER-PM junctions and the ER-PM tethering function of extended synaptotagmins E-Syt2 and E-Syt3...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
Alexander R van Vliet, Francesca Giordano, Sarah Gerlo, Inmaculada Segura, Sofie Van Eygen, Geert Molenberghs, Susana Rocha, Audrey Houcine, Rita Derua, Tom Verfaillie, Jeroen Vangindertael, Herlinde De Keersmaecker, Etienne Waelkens, Jan Tavernier, Johan Hofkens, Wim Annaert, Peter Carmeliet, Afshin Samali, Hideaki Mizuno, Patrizia Agostinis
Loss of ER Ca2+ homeostasis triggers endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and drives ER-PM contact sites formation in order to refill ER-luminal Ca2+. Recent studies suggest that the ER stress sensor and mediator of the unfolded protein response (UPR) PERK regulates intracellular Ca2+ fluxes, but the mechanisms remain elusive. Here, using proximity-dependent biotin identification (BioID), we identified the actin-binding protein Filamin A (FLNA) as a key PERK interactor. Cells lacking PERK accumulate F-actin at the cell edges and display reduced ER-PM contacts...
March 2, 2017: Molecular Cell
Wei Siao, Pengwei Wang, Boris Voigt, Patrick J Hussey, Frantisek Baluska
Arabidopsis synaptotagmin 1 (SYT1) is localized on the endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane (ER-PM) contact sites in leaf and root cells. The ER-PM localization of Arabidopsis SYT1 resembles that of the extended synaptotagmins (E-SYTs) in animal cells. In mammals, E-SYTs have been shown to regulate calcium signaling, lipid transfer, and endocytosis. Arabidopsis SYT1 was reported to be essential for maintaining cell integrity and virus movement. This study provides detailed insight into the subcellular localization of SYT1 and VAP27-1, another ER-PM-tethering protein...
November 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
Paulo S Pinheiro, Sébastien Houy, Jakob B Sørensen
The molecular mechanisms for calcium-triggered membrane fusion have long been sought for, and detailed models now exist that account for at least some of the functions of the many proteins involved in the process. Key players in the fusion reaction are a group of proteins that, upon binding to calcium, trigger the merger of cargo-filled vesicles with the plasma membrane. Low-affinity, fast-kinetics calcium sensors of the synaptotagmin family - especially synaptotagmin-1 and synaptotagmin-2 - are the main calcium sensors for fast exocytosis triggering in many cell types...
December 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Artem Y Lyubimov, Monarin Uervirojnangkoorn, Oliver B Zeldin, Qiangjun Zhou, Minglei Zhao, Aaron S Brewster, Tara Michels-Clark, James M Holton, Nicholas K Sauter, William I Weis, Axel T Brunger
X-ray free electron lasers (XFELs) reduce the effects of radiation damage on macromolecular diffraction data and thereby extend the limiting resolution. Previously, we adapted classical post-refinement techniques to XFEL diffraction data to produce accurate diffraction data sets from a limited number of diffraction images (Uervirojnangkoorn et al., 2015), and went on to use these techniques to obtain a complete data set from crystals of the synaptotagmin-1 / SNARE complex and to determine the structure at 3...
October 12, 2016: ELife
Maria N Zanetti, Oscar D Bello, Jing Wang, Jeff Coleman, Yiying Cai, Charles V Sindelar, James E Rothman, Shyam S Krishnakumar
We recently reported that the C2AB portion of Synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1) could self-assemble into Ca(2+)-sensitive ring-like oligomers on membranes, which could potentially regulate neurotransmitter release. Here we report that analogous ring-like oligomers assemble from the C2AB domains of other Syt isoforms (Syt2, Syt7, Syt9) as well as related C2 domain containing protein, Doc2B and extended Synaptotagmins (E-Syts). Evidently, circular oligomerization is a general and conserved structural aspect of many C2 domain proteins, including Synaptotagmins...
July 19, 2016: ELife
Haijia Yu, Yinghui Liu, Daniel R Gulbranson, Alex Paine, Shailendra S Rathore, Jingshi Shen
Organelles are in constant communication with each other through exchange of proteins (mediated by trafficking vesicles) and lipids [mediated by both trafficking vesicles and lipid transfer proteins (LTPs)]. It has long been known that vesicle trafficking can be tightly regulated by the second messenger Ca(2+), allowing membrane protein transport to be adjusted according to physiological demands. However, it remains unclear whether LTP-mediated lipid transport can also be regulated by Ca(2+) In this work, we show that extended synaptotagmins (E-Syts), poorly understood membrane proteins at endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane contact sites, are Ca(2+)-dependent LTPs...
April 19, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Chi-Lun Chang, Jen Liou
The phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2)-Ca(2+) signaling system is important for cell activation in response to various extracellular stimuli. This signaling system is initiated by receptor-induced hydrolysis of PI(4,5)P2 in the plasma membrane (PM) to generate the soluble second messenger inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3). IP3 subsequently triggers the release of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) store to the cytosol to activate Ca(2+)-mediated responses, such as secretion and proliferation...
August 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Fujun Luo, Taulant Bacaj, Thomas C Südhof
UNLABELLED: Most synapses release neurotransmitters in two phases: (1) a fast synchronous phase lasting a few milliseconds; and (2) a delayed "asynchronous" phase lasting hundreds of milliseconds. Ca(2+) triggers fast synchronous neurotransmitter release by binding to synaptotagmin-1, synaptotagmin-2, or synaptotagmin-9, but how Ca(2+) triggers delayed asynchronous release has long remained enigmatic. Recent results suggested that consistent with the Ca(2+)-sensor function of synaptotagmin-7 in neuroendocrine exocytosis, synaptotagmin-7 also functions as a Ca(2+) sensor for synaptic vesicle exocytosis but operates during delayed asynchronous release...
August 5, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Olof Idevall-Hagren, Alice Lü, Beichen Xie, Pietro De Camilli
The extended synaptotagmins (E-Syts) are ER proteins that act as Ca(2+)-regulated tethers between the ER and the plasma membrane (PM) and have a putative role in lipid transport between the two membranes. Ca(2+) regulation of their tethering function, as well as the interplay of their different domains in such function, remains poorly understood. By exposing semi-intact cells to buffers of variable Ca(2+) concentrations, we found that binding of E-Syt1 to the PI(4,5)P2-rich PM critically requires its C2C and C2E domains and that the EC50 of such binding is in the low micromolar Ca(2+) range...
September 2, 2015: EMBO Journal
Amit Levy, Judy Y Zheng, Sondra G Lazarowitz
Metazoan synaptotagmins are Ca(2+) sensors that regulate exocytosis and endocytosis in various cell types, notably in nerve and neuroendocrine cells [1, 2]. Recently, the structurally related extended synaptotagmins were shown to tether the cortical ER to the plasma membrane in human and yeast cells to maintain ER morphology and stabilize ER-plasma membrane (ER-PM) contact sites for intracellular lipid and Ca(2+) signaling [3, 4]. The Arabidopsis synaptotagmin SYTA regulates endocytosis and the ability of plant virus movement proteins (MPs) to alter plasmodesmata to promote virus cell-to-cell transport [5, 6]...
August 3, 2015: Current Biology: CB
Michel G Tremblay, Chelsea Herdman, François Guillou, Prakash K Mishra, Joëlle Baril, Sabrina Bellenfant, Tom Moss
We previously demonstrated that ESyt2 interacts specifically with the activated FGF receptor and is required for a rapid phase of receptor internalization and for functional signaling via the ERK pathway in early Xenopus embryos. ESyt2 is one of the three-member family of Extended Synaptotagmins that were recently shown to be implicated in the formation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-plasma membrane (PM) junctions and in the Ca(2+) dependent regulation of these junctions. Here we show that ESyt2 is directed to the ER by its putative transmembrane domain, that the ESyts hetero- and homodimerize, and that ESyt2 homodimerization in vivo requires a TM adjacent sequence but not the SMP domain...
June 26, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Jessica Pérez-Sancho, Steffen Vanneste, Eunkyoung Lee, Heather E McFarlane, Alicia Esteban Del Valle, Victoriano Valpuesta, Jiří Friml, Miguel A Botella, Abel Rosado
Eukaryotic endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-plasma membrane (PM) contact sites are evolutionarily conserved microdomains that have important roles in specialized metabolic functions such as ER-PM communication, lipid homeostasis, and Ca(2+) influx. Despite recent advances in knowledge about ER-PM contact site components and functions in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and mammals, relatively little is known about the functional significance of these structures in plants. In this report, we characterize the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) phospholipid binding Synaptotagmin1 (SYT1) as a plant ortholog of the mammal extended synaptotagmins and yeast tricalbins families of ER-PM anchors...
May 2015: Plant Physiology
Rubén Fernández-Busnadiego, Yasunori Saheki, Pietro De Camilli
The close apposition between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the plasma membrane (PM) plays important roles in Ca(2+) homeostasis, signaling, and lipid metabolism. The extended synaptotagmins (E-Syts; tricalbins in yeast) are ER-anchored proteins that mediate the tethering of the ER to the PM and are thought to mediate lipid transfer between the two membranes. E-Syt cytoplasmic domains comprise a synaptotagmin-like mitochondrial-lipid-binding protein (SMP) domain followed by five C2 domains in E-Syt1 and three C2 domains in E-Syt2/3...
April 21, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Maria Jimena Amaya, André G Oliveira, Lena K Schroeder, Edward S Allgeyer, Joerg Bewersdorf, Michael H Nathanson
Extended synaptotagmins (E-Syts) are a recently identified family of proteins that tether the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the plasma membrane (PM) in part by conferring regulation of cytosolic calcium (Ca2+) at these contact sites (Cell, 2013). However, the mechanism by which E-Syts link this tethering to Ca2+ signaling is unknown. Ca2+ waves in polarized epithelia are initiated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (InsP3Rs), and these waves begin in the apical region because InsP3Rs are targeted to the ER adjacent to the apical membrane...
2014: PloS One
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