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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741771/gp78-involvement-in-cellular-proliferation-can-act-as-a-promising-modulator-for-cell-cycle-regulatory-proteins
#1
Vibhuti Joshi, Arun Upadhyay, Deepak Chhangani, Ayeman Amanullah, Rajesh N Sharan, Amit Mishra
In cells, protein synthesis and degradation are normal processes, which are tightly regulated by various cellular metabolic pathways. Cellular protein quality control (PQC) mechanisms always present a continuous and rigorous check over all intracellular proteins before they can participate in various cellular physiological processes with the help of PQC pathways like autophagy and ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS). The UPS employs few selective E3 ubiquitin ligases for the intracellular degradation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27Kip1 ) that tightly controls cell cycle progression...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655804/characterization-of-wdr20-a-new-regulator-of-the-erad-machinery
#2
Lin-Gao Ju, Xiang Lin, Dong Yan, Qing-Lan Li, Min Wu, Lian-Yun Li
ERAD is an important process of protein quality control that eliminates misfolded or unassembled proteins from ER. Before undergoing proteasome degradation, the misfolded proteins are dislocated from ER membrane into cytosol, which requires the AAA ATPase p97/VCP and its cofactor, the NPL4-UFD1 dimer. Here, we performed a CRISPR-based screen and identify many candidates for ERAD regulation. We further confirmed four proteins, FBOX2, TRIM6, UFL1 and WDR20, are novel regulators for ERAD. Then the molecular mechanism for WDR20 in ERAD is further characterized...
April 12, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594345/ubc7-ube2g2-ortholog-in-entamoeba-histolytica-connection-with-the-plasma-membrane-and-phagocytosis
#3
Rinki Kumari, Preeti Gupta, Swati Tiwari
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) and unfolded protein response (UPR) pathways are important for quality and quantity control of membrane and secretory proteins. We have identified orthologs of ER-associated ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2s) Ubc6/Ube2j2 and Ubc7/Ube2g2, ubiquitin ligases (E3) Hrd1 and GP78/AMFR, and sensor of UPR, Ire1 in E. histolytica that show conservation of important features of these proteins. Biochemical characterization of the ortholog of ERAD E2, Ubc7/Ube2g2 (termed as EhUbc7), was carried out...
March 28, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374057/ring-finger-protein-145-rnf145-is-a-ubiquitin-ligase-for-sterol-induced-degradation-of-hmg-coa-reductase
#4
Lu-Yi Jiang, Wei Jiang, Na Tian, Yan-Ni Xiong, Jie Liu, Jian Wei, Kai-Yue Wu, Jie Luo, Xiong-Jie Shi, Bao-Liang Song
Cholesterol biosynthesis is tightly regulated in the cell. For example, high sterol concentrations can stimulate degradation of the rate-limiting cholesterol biosynthetic enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase, HMGCR). HMGCR is broken down by the endoplasmic reticulum membrane-associated protein complexes consisting of insulin-induced genes (Insigs) and the E3 ubiquitin ligase gp78. Here we found that HMGCR degradation is partially blunted in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells lacking gp78 ( gp78 -KO)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155878/irhom2-is-essential-for-innate-immunity-to-rna-virus-by-antagonizing-er-and-mitochondria-associated-degradation-of-visa
#5
Wei-Wei Luo, Shu Li, Chen Li, Zhou-Qin Zheng, Pan Cao, Zhen Tong, Huan Lian, Su-Yun Wang, Hong-Bing Shu, Yan-Yi Wang
VISA (also known as MAVS, IPS-1 and Cardif) is an essential adaptor protein in innate immune response to RNA virus. The protein level of VISA is delicately regulated before and after viral infection to ensure the optimal activation and timely termination of innate antiviral response. It has been reported that several E3 ubiquitin ligases can mediate the degradation of VISA, but how the stability of VISA is maintained before and after viral infection remains enigmatic. In this study, we found that the ER-associated inactive rhomboid protein 2 (iRhom2) plays an essential role in mounting an efficient innate immune response to RNA virus by maintaining the stability of VISA through distinct mechanisms...
November 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890687/gp78-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-essential-functions-and-contributions-in-proteostasis
#6
REVIEW
Vibhuti Joshi, Arun Upadhyay, Amit Kumar, Amit Mishra
As per the requirement of metabolism and fitness, normal cellular functions are controlled by several proteins, and their interactive molecular and signaling events at multiple levels. Protein quality control (PQC) mechanisms ensure the correct folding and proper utilization of these proteins to avoid their misfolding and aggregation. To maintain the optimum environment of complex proteome PQC system employs various E3 ubiquitin ligases for the selective degradation of aberrant proteins. Glycoprotein 78 (Gp78) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that prevents multifactorial deleterious accumulation of different misfolded proteins via endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD)...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884161/conformational-dynamics-modulate-activation-of-the-ubiquitin-conjugating-enzyme-ube2g2
#7
Pearl Magala, William E Bocik, Ananya Majumdar, Joel R Tolman
The ubiquitin conjugating enzyme Ube2g2 together with its cognate E3 ligase gp78 catalyzes the synthesis of lysine-48 polyubiquitin chains constituting signals for the proteasomal degradation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we employ NMR spectroscopy in combination with single-turnover diubiquitin formation assays to examine the role of the RING domain from gp78 in the catalytic activation of Ube2g2∼Ub conjugates. We find that approximately 60% of the Ube2g2∼Ub conjugates occupy a closed conformation in the absence of gp78-RING, with the population increasing to 82% upon gp78-RING binding...
August 31, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759037/role-of-hspa1l-as-a-cellular-prion-protein-stabilizer-in-tumor-progression-via-hif-1%C3%AE-gp78-axis
#8
J H Lee, Y-S Han, Y M Yoon, C W Yun, S P Yun, S M Kim, H Y Kwon, D Jeong, M J Baek, H J Lee, S-J Lee, H J Han, S H Lee
The cellular prion protein (PrPC ) is associated with metastasis, tumor progression and recurrence; however, the precise mechanisms underlying its action is not well understood. Our study found that PrPC degradation decreased tumor progression in colorectal cancer (CRC). In a CRC cell line and human CRC tissue exposed to hypoxia, induced heat-shock 70-kDa protein-1-like (HSPA1L) expression stabilized hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) protein and promoted PrPC accumulation and tumorigenicity in vivo. PrPC was degraded via the proteasome pathway mediated by the ubiquitin-protein E3 ligase glycoprotein 78 (GP78), which interacts directly with PrPC ...
November 23, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656280/role-of-glycoprotein-78-and-cidec-in-hepatic-steatosis
#9
Jie Li, Guocai Liu, Feng Zhang, Zhiwen Zhang, Yuqiao Xu, Qing Li
Hepatic glycoprotein (gp78), a membrane-anchored E3 ubiquitin ligase, has been reported to be involved in regulating lipid and energy metabolism in animals, and cell death‑inducing DFFA‑like effector c (cidec) has emerged as an important regulator of metabolism, which has been implicated in the process of fat differentiation. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a metabolic disorder associated with hepatic steatosis. In the present study, to investigate the role of gp78 and cidec in hepatic steatosis, an in vitro cell culture model of hepatic steatosis was established, using the AML12 mouse hepatocyte cell line to assess the protein expression of gp78...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604676/cholesterol-and-fatty-acids-regulate-cysteine-ubiquitylation-of-acat2-through-competitive-oxidation
#10
Yong-Jian Wang, Yan Bian, Jie Luo, Ming Lu, Ying Xiong, Shu-Yuan Guo, Hui-Yong Yin, Xu Lin, Qin Li, Catherine C Y Chang, Ta-Yuan Chang, Bo-Liang Li, Bao-Liang Song
Ubiquitin linkage to cysteine is an unconventional modification targeting protein for degradation. However, the physiological regulation of cysteine ubiquitylation is still mysterious. Here we found that ACAT2, a cellular enzyme converting cholesterol and fatty acid to cholesteryl esters, was ubiquitylated on Cys277 for degradation when the lipid level was low. gp78-Insigs catalysed Lys48-linked polyubiquitylation on this Cys277. A high concentration of cholesterol and fatty acid, however, induced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) that oxidized Cys277, resulting in ACAT2 stabilization and subsequently elevated cholesteryl esters...
July 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552883/sel1l-dependent-substrates-require-derlin2-3-and-herp1-2-for-endoplasmic-reticulum-associated-degradation
#11
Takehiro Sugimoto, Satoshi Ninagawa, Shimpei Yamano, Tokiro Ishikawa, Tetsuya Okada, Shunichi Takeda, Kazutoshi Mori
Accumulation of unfolded/misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) activates the unfolded protein response (UPR). The ATF6 pathway is one of the three major pathways in vertebrates. Although ATF6, a transmembrane-type glycoprotein in the ER, functions as a UPR sensor/transducer, it is an unstable protein with a half-life of approximately 2 h and is constitutively subjected to the ER-associated degradation system with the location of the misfolded part in the ER lumen (ERAD-L). ERAD-L substrates are delivered to the cytosol through the retrotranslocon, which likely contains HRD1 (E3), gp78 (E3), SEL1L (a partner of HRD1), Derlin1/2/3 and Herp1/2...
July 4, 2017: Cell Structure and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536268/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-degradation-of-dnajb12-stimulates-bok-accumulation-and-primes-cancer-cells-for-apoptosis
#12
Pattarawut Sopha, Hong Yu Ren, Diane E Grove, Douglas M Cyr
DNAJB12 (JB12) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated Hsp40 family protein that recruits Hsp70 to the ER surface to coordinate the function of ER-associated and cytosolic chaperone systems in protein quality control. Hsp70 is stress-inducible, but paradoxically, we report here that JB12 was degraded by the proteasome during severe ER stress. Destabilized JB12 was degraded by ER-associated degradation complexes that contained HERP, Sel1L, and gp78. JB12 was the only ER-associated chaperone that was destabilized by reductive stress...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528366/cdk5-mediated-phosphorylation-dependent-ubiquitination-and-degradation-of-e3-ubiquitin-ligases-gp78-accelerates-neuronal-death-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Qingzhi Wang, Fengjuan Jiao, Pei Zhang, Jianguo Yan, Zheng Zhang, Feng He, Qian Zhang, Zexi Lv, Xiang Peng, Hongwei Cai, Bo Tian
The molecular mechanisms responsible for the loss of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) remain obscure. Loss of function of E3 ubiquitin ligases is associated with mitochondria dysfunction, dysfunction of protein degradation, and α-synuclein aggregation, which are major contributors to neurodegeneration in PD. Recent research has thus focused on E3 ubiquitin ligase glycoprotein 78 (GP78); however, the role of GP78 in PD pathogenesis remains unclear. Notably, cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) controls multiple cellular events in postmitotic neurons, and CDK5 activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of PD...
May 20, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518143/calcium-sensing-receptor-protects-high-glucose-induced-energy-metabolism-disorder-via-blocking-gp78-ubiquitin-proteasome-pathway
#14
Yuehong Wang, Ping Gao, Can Wei, Hongzhu Li, Li Zhang, Yajun Zhao, Bo Wu, Ye Tian, Weihua Zhang, Lingyun Wu, Rui Wang, Changqing Xu
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a major complication and fatal cause of the patients with diabetes. The calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) is a G protein-coupled receptor, which is involved in maintaining calcium homeostasis, regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis, and so on. In our previous study, we found that CaSR expression, intracellular calcium levels and cardiac function were all significantly decreased in DCM rats; however, the exact mechanism are not clear yet. The present study revealed the protective role of CaSR in myocardial energy metabolism disorder induced by high glucose (HG) as well as the underlying mechanism...
May 18, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434917/conformational-dynamics-and-allostery-in-e2-e3-interactions-drive-ubiquitination-gp78-and-ube2g2
#15
Kalyan S Chakrabarti, Jess Li, Ranabir Das, R Andrew Byrd
Conformational dynamics plays a fundamental role in molecular recognition and activity in enzymes. The ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2) Ube2g2 functions with the ubiquitin ligase (E3) gp78 to assemble poly-ubiquitin chains on target substrates. Two domains in gp78, RING and G2BR, bind to two distant regions of Ube2g2, and activate it for ubiquitin (Ub) transfer. G2BR increases the affinity between the RING and Ube2g2 by 50-fold, while the RING catalyzes the transfer of Ub from the Ube2g2∼Ub conjugate. How G2BR and RING activate Ube2g2 is unclear...
May 2, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301499/svip-regulates-z-variant-alpha-1-antitrypsin-retro-translocation-by-inhibiting-ubiquitin-ligase-gp78
#16
Nazli Khodayari, Rejean Liqun Wang, George Marek, Karina Krotova, Mariana Kirst, Chen Liu, Farshid Rouhani, Mark Brantly
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is an inherited disorder characterized by early-onset emphysema and liver disease. The most common disease-causing mutation is a single amino acid substitution (Glu/Lys) at amino acid 342 of the mature protein, resulting in disruption of the 290-342 salt bridge (an electrophoretic abnormality defining the mutation [Z allele, or ZAAT]), protein misfolding, polymerization, and accumulation in the endoplasmic reticulum of hepatocytes and monocytes. The Z allele causes a toxic gain of function, and the E3 ubiquitin ligase gp78 promotes degradation and increased solubility of endogenous ZAAT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285986/calcium-dependent-regulation-of-protein-ubiquitination-interplay-between-e3-ligases-and-calcium-binding-proteins
#17
REVIEW
Rukmini Mukherjee, Aneesha Das, Saikat Chakrabarti, Oishee Chakrabarti
The ubiquitination status of proteins and intracellular calcium levels are two factors which keep changing inside any living cell. These two events appear to be independent of each other but recent experimental evidences show that ubiquitination of cellular proteins are influenced by calcium, Calmodulin, Calmodulin-dependent kinase II and other proteins of calcium dependent pathways. E3 ligases like Nedd4, SCF complex, APC, GP78 and ITCH are important regulators of calcium mediated processes. A bioinformatics analysis to inspect sequences and interacting partners of 242 candidate E3 ligases show the presence of calcium and/or Calmodulin binding motifs/domains within their sequences...
July 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212872/correlation-between-gp78-gene-polymorphism-and-coronary-atherosclerotic-heart-disease
#18
Long Wang, Hua-Cheng Li, Jian Zhou, Bo Yang, Cheng-Dong Qiao, Yong-Ming Liu, Zheng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between GP78 gene polymorphism and blood fat, blood glucose, blood pressure as well as coronary atherosclerotic heart disease. METHODS: 72 patients with coronary atherosclerotic heart disease were selected as the observation group. 68 healthy participants were selected as the control group. The gp78 gene polymorphism of both groups was studied by the method of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)...
February 14, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091582/androgen-mediated-regulation-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-associated-degradation-and-its-effects-on-prostate-cancer
#19
Yalcin Erzurumlu, Petek Ballar
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) comprises thirty percent of the newly translated proteins in eukaryotic cells. The quality control mechanism within the ER distinguishes between properly and improperly folded proteins and ensures that unwanted proteins are retained in the ER and subsequently degraded through ER-associated degradation (ERAD). Besides cleaning of misfolded proteins ERAD is also important for physiological processes by regulating the abundance of normal proteins of the ER. Thus it is important to unreveal the regulation patterns of ERAD...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027595/inhibition-of-the-sterol-regulatory-element-binding-protein-pathway-suppresses-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-repressing-inflammation-in-mice
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Na Li, Zhang-Sen Zhou, Yang Shen, Jie Xu, Hong-Hua Miao, Ying Xiong, Feng Xu, Bo-Liang Li, Jie Luo, Bao-Liang Song
Obesity is a critical risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it remains unknown whether inhibition of de novo lipid biosynthesis can suppress HCC. In this study, we blocked the sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) pathway, one of the key determinants of lipid homeostasis, by ablating 78-kDa cell-surface glycoprotein or SREBP cleavage-activating protein in hepatocytes, as well as by administering a chemical compound called betulin. We found that either genetically or pharmacologically inhibiting the SREBP pathway dramatically reduced diethylnitrosamine-induced HCC progression by down-regulating tumor-promoting cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and IL-1β...
June 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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