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growth intrauterine restriction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918595/successful-pregnancy-in-a-ckd-patient-on-a-low-protein-supplemented-diet-an-opportunity-to-reflect-on-ckd-and-pregnancy-in-mexico-an-emerging-country
#1
Julia Nava, Silvia Moran, Veronica Figueroa, Adriana Salinas, Margy Lopez, Rocio Urbina, Abril Gutierrez, Jose Luis Lujan, Alejandra Orozco, Rafael Montufar, Giorgina B Piccoli
Pregnancy is probably the most important challenge in young women with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The challenge is greater in developing countries, in which access to dialysis is uneven, and prenatal care for CKD patients is not uniformly available. This case report summarizes some of the challenges faced by pregnant CKD women in a developing country. A 35-year-old woman, affected by an undiagnosed kidney disease, experienced preeclampsia at 24 years of age, and started dialysis in emergency at age 31 in the context of severe preeclampsia in her second pregnancy...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915160/current-insights-in-obstetric-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#2
Karen Schreiber, Massimo Radin, Savino Sciascia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined as the association of thrombotic events and/or obstetric morbidity in patients persistently positive for antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). In this review, we will highlight the most important clinical presentations of APS with a focus on the obstetric morbidity, the current management strategies and the outlook for the future. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of aspirin and heparin has improved the pregnancy outcome in obstetric APS and approximately 70% of pregnant women with APS have a successful pregnancy outcome...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914493/rethinking-ethnicity-fetal-growth-and-customized-charts
#3
Lundy Braun, Anna E Wentz
Restricted intrauterine fetal growth is an indicator of poor infant health outcomes. Classifying abnormal fetal growth, however, is challenging because there is no accepted definition of "normal" and "abnormal." Many standardized fetal growth curves have been created from populations of healthy pregnancies, excluding congenital abnormalities and, historically, have also excluded "non-white" women (Lubochenco, 1963, Pediatrics, 32: 793-800). More recently, assuming that ethnicity is a reliable, valid, and unchanging variable, customized growth charts have adjusted for ethnicity, in addition to maternal height, weight, and parity...
September 15, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911926/severe-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-modifies-early-maternal-serum-beta-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-kinetics-but-obstetrical-and-neonatal-outcomes-are-not-impacted
#4
Cécile Choux, Julie Barberet, Perrine Ginod, Jonathan Cottenet, Céline Bruno, Eric Benzénine, Paul Sagot, Patricia Fauque
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) on beta-hCG kinetics and obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective single-center case-control study. SETTING: University tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A total of 77 patients who presented a clinical pregnancy after IVF and had been hospitalized for severe OHSS were included in this study and compared with 231 controls presenting an IVF-induced clinical pregnancy without OHSS and matched for the year of pregnancy and the number of gestational sacs...
September 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904937/effect-of-magnesium-supplement-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Elaheh Zarean, Amal Tarjan
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral required to regulate body temperature, nucleic acid, and protein synthesis with an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. It may reduce fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia as well as increase birth weight. This study aimed to assess the effects of consuming Mg supplementation during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial with three sixty populated groups of pregnant women...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901463/microrna-expression-profiles-and-networks-in-placentas-complicated-with-selective-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#6
Hong Wen, Lu Chen, Jing He, Jun Lin
The microRNA (miRNA) profiles of placentas complicated with selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) are unknown. In the present study, the sIUGR‑associated placental miRNA expression was investigated using microarray and confirmatory reverse transcriptase‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction studies. Placenta samples around the individual insertion region for each umbilical cord were collected from monochorionic twins complicated with (n=17) or without sIUGR (control, n=16). miRNA profile analysis was performed on two sIUGR cases and one control using an Affymetrix microRNA 4...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900802/assessment-of-m2-anxa5-haplotype-as-a-risk-factor-in-couples-with-placenta-mediated-pregnancy-complications
#7
Nina Rogenhofer, Lara R M Nienaber, Lea C Amshoff, Nadia Bogdanova, David Petroff, Peter Wieacker, Christian J Thaler, Arseni Markoff
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to confirm the associated M2/ANXA5 carrier risk in women with placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (PMPC) and to test their male partners for such association. Further analysis evaluated the influence of maternal vs. paternal M2 alleles on miscarriage. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-eight couples with preeclampsia (PE), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), or premature birth (PB) were recruited (n = 96 of each phenotype)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900713/complement-activation-a-threat-to-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Guillermina Girardi
Pregnancy poses a challenge for the immune systems of placental mammals. As fetal tissues are semi-allogeneic and alloantibodies that commonly develop in the mother, the fetus and the placenta might be subject to complement-mediated immune attack with the potential risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Here, I describe how the use of animal models was pivotal in demonstrating that complement inhibition at the fetomaternal interface is essential for a successful pregnancy. Studies in animals also helped the identification of uncontrolled complement activation as a crucial effector in the pathogenesis of recurrent miscarriages, intrauterine growth restriction, preeclampsia, and preterm birth...
September 12, 2017: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898865/automatic-measurement-of-fetal-brain-development-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging-new-reference-data
#9
Daphna Link, Michael B Braginsky, Leo Joskowicz, Liat Ben Sira, Shaul Harel, Ariel Many, Ricardo Tarrasch, Gustavo Malinger, Moran Artzi, Cassandra Kapoor, Elka Miller, Dafna Ben Bashat
BACKGROUND: Accurate fetal brain volume estimation is of paramount importance in evaluating fetal development. The aim of this study was to develop an automatic method for fetal brain segmentation from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, and to create for the first time a normal volumetric growth chart based on a large cohort. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A semi-automatic segmentation method based on Seeded Region Growing algorithm was developed and applied to MRI data of 199 typically developed fetuses between 18 and 37 weeks' gestation...
September 13, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898404/high-versus-standard-volume-enteral-feeds-to-promote-growth-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#10
REVIEW
Thangaraj Abiramalatha, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, Anand Viswanathan, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Breast milk alone, given at standard recommended volumes (150 to 180 mL/kg/d), is not adequate to meet the protein, energy, and other nutrient requirements of growing preterm or low birth weight infants. One strategy that may be used to address these potential nutrient deficits is to give infants enteral feeds in excess of 200 mL/kg/d ('high-volume' feeds). This approach may increase nutrient uptake and growth rates, but concerns include that high-volume enteral feeds may cause feed intolerance, gastro-oesophageal reflux, aspiration pneumonia, necrotising enterocolitis, or complications related to fluid overload, including patent ductus arteriosus and bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895695/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-incidence-and-risk-factors
#11
Pablo H Brener Dik, Yeimy M Niño Gualdron, María F Galletti, Carolina M Cribioli, Gonzalo L Mariani
INTRODUCTION: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is the most common chronic pulmonary sequela among very low birth weight infants. The objective of this study was to estimate its incidence in our Neonatal Unit over the past 5 years and analyze associated risk factors. POPULATION AND METHODS: An observational and analytical study was conducted in a retrospective cohort, using data obtained from a prospective database of infants born at Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires with a birth weight of less than 1500 grams between January 2010 and December 2014...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889777/assessment-of-neonatal-adrenal-size-using-high-resolution-2d-ultrasound-and-its-correlation-with-birth-demographics-clinical-outcomes
#12
Tijen Karsli, Diana Strickland, Jeffrey Livingston, Qiang Wu, Maroun J Mhanna, Prem S Shekhawat
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of adrenal function in a sick neonate remains a challenge in spite of major advances in neonatal care. We used 2D ultrasound of adrenal glands to assess maturity of adrenal glands in extremely preterm infants and sick term and near term infants. STUDY DESIGN: We collected demographics details of 99 mother-infants pairs (24-41 weeks) and obtained 2D ultrasound scans of adrenal glands in first week of life to measure adrenal volume, fetal zone size and adrenal to kidney ratios...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889772/human-papillomavirus-infection-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction-a-data-linkage-study
#13
Judith Helen Ford, Ming Li, Wendy Scheil, David Roder
OBJECTIVE: Using unbiased population data, to examine whether having a positive Pap smear, and thus a high probability of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, is a significant risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in a subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Two independent population-based databases, namely the South Australian Perinatal Statistics Collection and the South Australian Cervical Screening Database, were deidentified and linked by the SANT Datalinkage Service...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889770/angiogenic-factors-for-prediction-of-preeclampsia-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction-onset-in-high-risk-women-angiopred-study
#14
Tiphaine Raia-Barjat, Carole Prieux, Jean-Christophe Gris, Céline Chapelle, Silvy Laporte, Céline Chauleur
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to compare the level of two angiogenic factors, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt1) and soluble endoglin (sEng), for the prediction of preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction in high-risk pregnant women. METHODS: A prospective multicenter cohort study of 200 pregnant patients was conducted between June 2008 and October 2010. sFlt1 and sEng, were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Forty-five patients developed a placenta-mediated adverse pregnancy outcome...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888333/maternal-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-status-and-pregnancy-complications
#15
REVIEW
Nisha Wadhwani, Vidya Patil, Sadhana Joshi
Maternal nutrition plays a crucial role in influencing fetal growth and birth outcome. Any nutritional insult starting several weeks before pregnancy and during critical periods of gestation is known to influence fetal development and increase the risk for diseases during later life. Literature suggests that chronic adult diseases may have their origin during early life - a concept referred to as Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) which states that adverse exposures early in life "program" risks for later chronic disorders...
August 15, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886728/correlation-of-cord-blood-telomere-length-with-birth-weight
#16
Siew-Peng Lee, Prakash Hande, George Sh Yeo, Ene-Choo Tan
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction affects 3% of newborns; and the lightest 10% of whom are classified as small for gestational age (SGA). These low-birth weight newborns are at increased risk of neonatal morbidity such as hypoxia and hypoglycaemia. In later life, they are at higher risk of several age-related diseases such as cardiovascular and metabolic disorders and dementia. As having short telomeres is also associated with these diseases, we tested if these newborns might already start with shorter telomeres at birth...
September 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880736/maternal-determinist-of-term-intrauterine-growth-restriction-iugr-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#17
Walaa Abdrabbo, Abeer M Alrashed
Intrauterine growth restriction was defined as occurring if birth weight of the newborn is below 10(th) percentile for gestational age. We investigated its maternal determinants in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia by comparing 76 cases to 76 controls to aid in early detection, diagnosis and proper prevention. A history of stillbirth, less than three years interpregnancy intervals.
September 7, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878835/uterine-artery-doppler-flow-indices-in-pregnant-women-during-the-11-weeks-0-days-and-13-weeks-6-days-gestational-ages-a-study-of-168-patients
#18
Voicu Dascau, Gheorghe Furau, Cristian Furau, Cristina Onel, Casiana Stanescu, Liliana Tataru, Cristina Ghib-Para, Cristina Popescu, Luminita Pilat, Maria Puschita
OBJECTIVES: Uterine artery Doppler flow studies during the 11th and 14th week of pregnancy are important in the prediction of preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction in pregnant women as well as in the prevention thereof. METHODS: Our study on Doppler flow indices of the uterine arteries involved 168 patients examined in our clinic, with pregnancies ranging from 11 weeks + 0 days to 13 weeks + 6 days. RESULTS: There were 72 patients from 11 weeks + 0 days to 11 weeks + 6 days (42...
January 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877754/association-between-suspected-zika-virus-disease-during-pregnancy-and-giving-birth-to-a-newborn-with-congenital-microcephaly-a-matched-case-control-study
#19
Ticiane Henriques Santa Rita, Renata Barcelos Barra, Gisele Pasquali Peixoto, Pedro Goes Mesquita, Gustavo Barcelos Barra
OBJECTIVE: In early 2015, an outbreak of an acute exanthematous illness with dengue-like symptoms occurred in northeastern Brazil. By the end of the same year, an unexpected increase in the number of cases of microcephaly was observed in the region. The microcephaly outbreak cause was unknown and rumors pointing to various potential causes arose. Since we were unaware at the time if this scenario would attract the interest of the broader scientific community, due to the neglected regions associated and as often happens with many others health conditions related to infectious diseases in Latin America...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864006/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-responses-in-placentation-a-true-balancing-act
#20
Daniel Bastida-Ruiz, Elizabeth Aguilar, Agnès Ditisheim, Lucile Yart, Marie Cohen
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is recognized as a key mechanism to promote protein folding and processing in eukaryotes when endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) occurs. Some conditions such as hypoxia or glucose deprivation are factors that may elicit ERS response. Recent literature collectively proposes that ERS response is crucial for mammalian reproduction by allowing decidualization and placentation to occur. However, prolonged ERS and activation of UPR pathways can lead to apoptosis and autophagy, which in turn could pose adverse effects on pregnancy outcomes and placentation...
September 2017: Placenta
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