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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512403/papulonodular-secondary-syphilis-presenting-as-multiple-distinct-cutaneous-lesions-in-an-hiv-positive-transgender-woman
#1
Kristina Navrazhina, Brienne D Cressey, Kira Minkis
We present the first reported case of papulonodular secondary syphilis in an HIV-positive transgender female. Syphilis is classified into primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary stages, with secondary syphilis having notably diverse cutaneous manifestations. Our patient presented with diverse lesions throughout her body, all pathologically consistent with papulonodular secondary syphilis. Proper identification of the multiple presentations of syphilis is crucial to early diagnosis and treatment. This report seeks to broaden the scope of dermatological manifestations that arise secondary to papulonodular syphilis in HIV-positive patients...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507961/total-hip-arthroplasty-indicated-for-a-tuberculous-coxitis-complicating-a-controlled-acquired-imunodefficiency-syndrom-condition-a-preliminary-report-concerning-a-case
#2
Handy Eone Daniel, Jean Emile Bayiha, Théophyle Chunteng Nana, Olivier Kennedy Muluem, Jean Bahebeck
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains controversial in active tuberculosis (TB) infection because of the risks of septic loosening and reactivation of the infection. We present a rare case of THA in a patient positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with active tuberculous coxitis. The aim of this work is to share our experience and our preliminary results. CASE REPORT: The patient was a 53-year-old Black African woman, positive for the HIV, who was operated for implantation of a THA via the Hardinge approach indicated for a severe painful hip with restriction of joint movement and limp...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491877/nodular-regenerative-hyperplasia-a-case-of-rare-prognosis
#3
Mindy Lee, Manhal Izzy, Ashwin Akki, Kathryn Tanaka, Harmit Kalia
Introduction: Nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) is a known etiology of noncirrhotic portal hypertension. Cases of biopsy-proven NRH in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients have been described. While these patients often have normal synthetic liver function, several reports described disease progression to liver failure. Case: We here present a 26-year-old woman with history of congenital HIV on antiretroviral therapy complicated by Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia at age 14. CD4 counts have been >300 with undetectable viral load...
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476105/case-of-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-a-hiv-infected-patient-revealed-by-nasal-involvement-with-maxillary-osteolysis
#4
A C Lehur, M Zielinski, J Pluvy, V Grégoire, S Diamantis, A Bleibtreu, C Rioux, A Picard, D Vallois
BACKGROUND: Disseminated Histoplasmosis (DH) is a rare manifestation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in European countries. Naso-maxillar osteolysis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum (Hcc) is unusual in endemic countries and has never been reported in European countries. Differential diagnoses such as malignant tumors, cocaine use, granulomatosis, vasculitis and infections are more frequently observed and could delay and/or bias the final diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an immunocompromised patient infected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with naso-maxillar histoplasmosis in a non-endemic country...
May 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444513/in-vitro-fertilization-when-men-women-or-both-partners-are-positive-for-hiv-a-case-control-study
#5
Pauline Vankerkem, Yannick Manigart, Annick Delvigne, Lieveke Ameye, Deborah Konopnicki, Chloë Shaw-Jackson, Serge Rozenberg, Candice Autin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) for couples where one or both partners were positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to matched control couples. METHODS: A matched case-control retrospective study was performed. Data for 104 couples where the woman was HIV-positive; for 90 couples where the man was HIV-positive; and for 33 couples where both partners were HIV-positive were prospectively analyzed in comparison to matched controls treated in our center during the same period...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426440/the-impact-of-couple-hiv-testing-and-counseling-on-consistent-condom-use-among-pregnant-women-and-their-male-partners-an-observational-study
#6
Nora E Rosenberg, Lauren A Graybill, Austin Wesevich, Nuala McGrath, Carol E Golin, Suzanne Maman, Nivedita Bhushan, Mercy Tsidya, Limbikani Chimndozi, Irving F Hoffman, Mina C Hosseinipour, William C Miller
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa couple HIV testing and counseling (CHTC) has been associated with substantial increases in safe sex, especially when at least one partner is HIV-infected. However, this relationship has not been characterized in an Option B+ context. SETTING: The study was conducted at the antenatal clinic at Bwaila District Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi in 2016 under an Option B+ program. METHODS: Ninety heterosexual couples with an HIV-infected pregnant woman (female-positive couples) and 47 couples with an HIV-uninfected pregnant woman (female-negative couples) were enrolled in an observational study...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424453/comorbid-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-muscle-specific-kinase-musk-myasthenia-gravis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Michael Sherpa, Ravi K Metai, Viki Kumar, Tinu Hirachan, Kawser U Ahmed, Sharon J Atkinson
BACKGROUND HIV infections with concomitant immunologically-mediated disorders have been frequently described but there has been little research on the association between HIV and myasthenia gravis. MuSK myasthenia gravis coexisting with HIV is an even a rarer entity and can occur as a part of immune restoration disease. We report the case of a patient with asymptomatic HIV infection who presented with new-onset MuSK myasthenia gravis. CASE REPORT A 44-year-old African-American woman with HIV since 2004 and on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) presented to the ED with complains of double vision and difficulty swallowing for 2 weeks...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414664/gonococcal-endocarditis-the-gift-that-stops-giving-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-common-disease
#8
G Olayemi, M Oferczak, A Elagizi, I El-Abbassi, M Eschete, J Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Gonorrhea is the 2nd most common sexually transmitted disease in the US with 800,000 cases of gonorrhea each year. Disseminated gonorrhea infection occurs in 0.5 percent - 3 percent of these patients and is more frequent in woman younger than 40 years of age. CASE: A 36 year old woman with a history of polysubstance abuse presented with 10 day history of feeling generally unwell. At presentation, vitals were remarkable for tachycardia and hypotension...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397664/-talaromyces-marneffei-fungaemia-in-a-patient-from-thailand-with-newly-diagnosed-hiv
#9
Marie Nørredam, Anders Porskrog, Lukas Frans Ocias, Jenny Dahl Knudsen
Talaromyces marneffei is a dimorphic fungus, which may cause life-threatening opportunistic infections in immuno-compromised individuals. A 25-year-old woman from Thailand was admitted with fever, shortness of breath, cough, and weight loss. The symptoms had persisted for three weeks. The patient had a stopover in Copenhagen on her way to Thailand from Greenland. A thoracic X-ray showed bilateral interstitial changes. Examinations showed positive HIV-test with a CD4-count of 21/microlitre. Moreover, fungaemia with T...
February 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394934/prevalence-of-non-contact-and-contact-childhood-sexual-abuse-an-internet-based-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#10
Wenjian Xu, Lijun Zheng, Yong Zheng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is high among Western men who have sex with men (MSM), and CSA is associated with certain socio-demographic variables and with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status. Little is known about CSA among Chinese MSM; therefore, we explored the prevalence and frequency of non-contact (e.g., sexual invitations, exhibitionism) and contact (e.g., intercourse, genital contact) forms of CSA in an Internet-based sample of MSM in China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390142/genotypic-diversity-of-anogenital-human-papillomavirus-in-women-attending-cervical-cancer-screening-in-harare-zimbabwe
#11
Racheal S Dube Mandishora, Irene Kraus Christiansen, Nyasha Chin'ombe, Kerina Duri, Bernard Ngara, Trine B Rounge, Roger Meisal, Ole Herman Ambur, Joel M Palefsky, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Zvavahera M Chirenje
BACKGROUND: Although anogenital cancers have been on a gradual rise in developing countries in the past few decades, they have been understudied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate genotypic diversity of anogenital HPV amongst women reporting for routine cervical cancer screening in Harare in Zimbabwe. METHODS: A cross sectional study that enrolled 144 women ≥18 years from a cervical cancer-screening clinic was performed. Each woman provided a self-collected cervico-vaginal swab (VS) and a clinician collected anal swab (CCAS)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296240/hiv-positive-malawian-women-with-young-children-prefer-overweight-body-sizes-and-link-underweight-body-size-with-inability-to-exclusively-breastfeed
#12
Samantha E Croffut, Gloria Hamela, Innocent Mofolo, Suzanne Maman, Mina C Hosseinipour, Irving F Hoffman, Margaret E Bentley, Valerie L Flax
Before the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program was widely implemented in Malawi, HIV-positive women associated exclusive breastfeeding with accelerated disease progression and felt that an HIV-positive woman could more successfully breastfeed if she had a larger body size. The relationship between breastfeeding practices and body image perceptions has not been explored in the context of the Option B+ PMTCT program, which offers lifelong antiretroviral therapy. We conducted in-depth interviews with 64 HIV-positive women in Lilongwe District, Malawi to investigate body size perceptions, how perceptions of HIV and body size influence infant feeding practices, and differences in perceptions among women in PMTCT and those lost to follow-up...
March 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255546/aggressive-restenosis-after-percutaneous-intervention-in-two-coronary-loci-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#13
Mohammad Alkhalil, Christopher P Conlon, Houman Ashrafian, Robin P Choudhury
A 54-year-old black African woman, 22 years human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive, presented with an acute coronary syndrome. She was taking two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and two protease inhibitors. Viral load and CD4 count were stable. Angiography revealed a right coronary artery lesion, which was treated with everolimus eluting stent. She also underwent balloon angioplasty to the first diagonal. She re-presented on three different occasions and technically successful coronary intervention was performed...
February 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253283/a-flexible-method-to-model-hiv-serodiscordance-among-couples-in-mozambique
#14
Adelino J C Juga, Niel Hens, Nafissa Osman, Marc Aerts
Whereas the number of people newly infected by HIV is continuing to decline globally, the epidemic continues to expand in many parts of the world. As the HIV/AIDS epidemic has matured in many countries, it is believed that the proportion of new infections occurring within couples has risen. Across countries, including Mozambique, a sizeable proportion of couples with HIV infection are discordant. A serodiscordant couple is a couple in which one partner has tested positive for HIV and the other has not. To describe the HIV serodiscordance among couples, a variety of association measures can be used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250255/two-siblings-with-abnormal-findings-of-head-mri-born-to-an-hiv-positive-woman
#15
Shinya Tsuzuki, Shinichi Hosokawa, Takeji Matsushita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243934/risky-sex-and-hiv-acquisition-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-zambia-2002-2012-what-does-alcohol-have-to-do-with-it
#16
Dvora Joseph Davey, William Kilembe, Kristin M Wall, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakht, W Scott Comulada, Susan Allen, Pamina M Gorbach
In this paper we evaluate the effects of heavy alcohol consumption on sexual behavior, HIV acquisition, and antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation in a longitudinal open cohort of 1929 serodiscordant couples in Lusaka, Zambia from 2002 to 2012. We evaluated factors associated with baseline heavy alcohol consumption and its association with condomless sex with the study partner, sex outside of the partnership, and ART initiation using multivariable logistic regression. We estimated the effect of alcohol consumption on HIV acquisition using multivariable Cox models...
February 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209492/reproductive-considerations-in-the-setting-of%C3%A2-chronic-viral-illness
#17
REVIEW
Brent M Hanson, Jessie A Dorais
Special considerations must be taken when patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C desire to become pregnant. Patients with chronic viral illnesses desire to have children at rates similar to the general population, and options are available to decrease both vertical transmission and viral transmission between partners. Preconception counseling or consultation with fertility specialists is imperative in patients with HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C so that reproductive goals can be addressed and optimized...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202762/maternal-binding-and-neutralizing-igg-responses-targeting-the-c-terminal-region-of-the-v3-loop-are-predictive-of-reduced-peripartum-hiv-1-transmission-risk
#18
David R Martinez, Nathan Vandergrift, Ayooluwa O Douglas, Erin McGuire, John Bainbridge, Nathan I Nicely, David C Montefiori, Georgia D Tomaras, Genevieve G Fouda, Sallie R Permar
The development of an effective maternal HIV-1 vaccine that could synergize with antiretroviral therapy (ART) to eliminate pediatric HIV-1 infection will require the characterization of maternal immune responses capable of blocking transmission of autologous HIV to the infant. We previously determined that maternal plasma antibody binding to linear epitopes within the variable loop 3 (V3) region of HIV envelope (Env) and neutralizing responses against easy-to-neutralize tier 1 viruses were associated with reduced risk of peripartum HIV infection in the historic U...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202736/hiv-and-sti-s-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dodoma-municipality-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Elia John Mmbaga, Kåre Moen, Neema Makyao, Rose Mpembeni, Melkizedeck T Leshabari
OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence of HIV, STI and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Dodoma municipality, Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using respondent-driven sampling was employed to recruit study participants aged 18 years and above. Data on sociodemographics, HIV/STI knowledge and sexual practices were collected. Blood samples were tested for HIV and selected STIs. RESULTS: A total of 409 participants aged from 18 to 60 years took part in this study...
February 15, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198994/interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features-ipaf-and-radiological-findings-suggestive-of-lymphocytic-interstitial-pneumonia-lip-case-report
#20
Alicja Płóciniczak, Joanna Goździk-Spychalska, Halina Batura-Gabryel Batura-Gabryel
Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) is a term to describe individuals with both interstitial lung disease (ILD) and combinations of other clinical, serologic, and/or pulmonary morphologic features, which presumably originate from an underlying systemic autoimmune condition, but do not meet current rheumatologic criteria for a defined connective tissue disease (CTD). Predominantly, interstitial pneumonia arises in the course of an established CTD, but it is not so rare for the ILD to be the first, and possibly the one and only manifestation of a latent CTD...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
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