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continuing education for health professionals

Shelly Arora, Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, Christopher Squier
Introduction: Scientific literature suggests that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may be associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, knowledge regarding HPV-OSCC link among oral health professionals (OHP) has been insufficient. So, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge about HPV associated OSCC among OHP working in dental faculties in Malaysia. Methodology: Ethical committee of the University approved this study. A validated, pre-tested questionnaire was sent electronically to 224 OHP...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Carlo Alberto Scirè, Cristina Rossi, Leonardo Punzi, Augusto Genderini, Claudio Borghi, Walter Grassi
Despite being regarded as an easily-treatable disease, gout diagnosis and management can be challenging. We discuss here current issues in gout management and propose some potential solutions. Gout diagnosis should be reached as early as possible and often requires specific tests, such as synovial fluid analysis or imaging techniques that are not available in most centers, leaving health care professionals to rely only on clinical presentations and their experience. In addition, gout management requires the evaluation of multiple aspects, such as monitoring of serum uric acid (sUA) level (which should be reduced to <6 mg/dL) to ensure adherence and efficacy of treatment, evaluation of patient's risk profile and comorbidities, and continuous assessments to manage clinical manifestations...
March 19, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Jo McEwen, Emma Burnett
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health concern. It is therefore imperative that healthcare professionals receive ongoing and relevant education and training to ensure they are competent in contributing to antimicrobial stewardship (AMS). At present, few undergraduate nursing programmes include AMS within their curriculum. Objective: The aim of the evaluation was to determine the relevancy of AMS within the undergraduate nursing programme through the perceptions of student nurses...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
Sandra Grace, Roger Engel, Ian Jalsion
The Australian chiropractic and osteopathic professions underwent a period of significant transformation between 1960 and 2000. This resulted in an improvement in the views held by the medical profession towards the two professions. However, a recent survey of Australian general practitioners (GPs) reported that a number of GPs still hold negative views towards chiropractors and osteopaths. This paper examines these views from the perspective of critical realism and explores the generative mechanisms that can influence the willingness of health practitioners to collaborate over patient care...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Shahin Sayed, William Cherniak, Mark Lawler, Soo Yong Tan, Wafaa El Sadr, Nicholas Wolf, Shannon Silkensen, Nathan Brand, Lai Meng Looi, Sanjay A Pai, Michael L Wilson, Danny Milner, John Flanigan, Kenneth A Fleming
Insufficient awareness of the centrality of pathology and laboratory medicine (PALM) to a functioning health-care system at policy and governmental level, with the resultant inadequate investment, has meant that efforts to enhance PALM in low-income and middle-income countries have been local, fragmented, and mostly unsustainable. Responding to the four major barriers in PALM service delivery that were identified in the first paper of this Series (workforce, infrastructure, education and training, and quality assurance), this second paper identifies potential solutions that can be applied in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
March 14, 2018: Lancet
Ganbold Lundeg, Amanda Baric, David C Pescod, Keith Pescod
Anesthesia in Mongolia has undergone a period of major development over the past 17 years, thanks to the work of the Mongolian Society of Anesthesiologists (MSA) and the support of the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists and the Australian Society of Anaesthetists. The specialty has made major advances in training and in its standing among medical specialties in Mongolia. The MSA has produced members who are leaders in the development of anesthesia as well as emergency medicine and critical care...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Carrie Ho-Kwan Yam, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Sian M Griffiths, Eng-Kiong Yeoh
Objective: To assess public knowledge and expectations of the ways to assess doctors' competence to ensure patient safety. Design setting and participants: Telephone survey of a random sample of 1000 non-institutionalized Hong Kong residents. Measures and results: Only 5% of public were correct that doctors are not required to periodically be assessed, and 9% were correct that the doctors are not required to update knowledge and skills for renewing their license...
March 1, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Roschelle Heuberger, Helen Wong
OBJECTIVE: Despite the growing evidence against artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) use among patients with advanced dementia, little is known about the perspectives of the health care team. This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of physicians and other health care providers regarding the use of ANH at the end of life (EOL). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey explored the provision of EOL care using a hypothetical case scenario of a patient with advanced dementia and dysphagia...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Kerry Wilbur, Alaa Elmubark, Sara Shabana
INTRODUCTION: The standardized patient (SP) has assumed a fundamental role in undergraduate medical education since first conceived over 50 years ago. While widely used in student training and assessment of communication and clinical examination across health disciplines, little is known how SPs enhance knowledge or skill development among professionals. We conducted a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of SPs in continuing medical education (CME) programs. METHODS: Authors independently searched for studies published between 1966 and 2016, describing CME initiatives using SP encounters as practice for participants compared with those which did not...
January 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Aleksander Zarzeka, Mariusz Panczyk, Halina Zmuda-Trzebiatowska, Jaroslawa Belowska, Lukasz Samolinski, Lucyna Iwanow, Joanna Gotlib
In Poland, since 1 January 2016 nurses who graduated from the master studies or hold a title of a specialist may ordain and prescribe specific medicines ("independent nurse prescribing" - INP). Nurses, who completed bachelor studies or hold a title of a specialist are allowed to prescribe drugs to continue the patient's treatment as ordered by a physician ("supplementary nurse prescribing" - SNP). The aim of this paper was to analyze the knowledge and attitudes of the Polish nurse specialists to their new professional rights in the independent ordaining of some drugs and drug prescribing...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Edward McCann, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: An inclusive health curriculum within undergraduate and continuing professional development programmes (CPD) should include issues related to people whom identify as LGBT+. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the education and training requirements of undergraduate students and health professionals regarding the inclusion of LGBT+ health issues. DESIGN: A systematic review of the available published empirical studies...
February 26, 2018: Nurse Education Today
(no author information available yet)
In recent years, wide ranging biomedical innovation has provided powerful new approaches for prevention, diagnosis and management of diseases. In order to translate such innovation into effective practice, physicians must frequently update their knowledge base and skills through continuing medical education and training. Medical Professional Societies, run as not-for-profit organizations led by peers, are uniquely placed to deliver balanced, disease oriented and patient centred education. The medical industry has a major role in the development of new, improved technology, devices and medication...
February 28, 2018: European Heart Journal
Hope T Jackson, Monica T Young, H Alejandro Rodriguez, Andrew S Wright
BACKGROUND: Facebook is a popular online social networking platform increasingly used for professional collaboration. Literature regarding use of Facebook for surgeon professional development and education is limited. The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) has established a Facebook group dedicated to discussion of surgery of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine-the "SAGES Foregut Surgery Masters Program." The aim of this study is to examine how this forum is used for professional development, education, and quality improvement...
March 1, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
L Deravin, K Francis, J Anderson
AIM: This paper will review progress towards the identified targets within the Australian government policy document commonly known as 'Closing the Gap' and examine the role of nurses in supporting its implementation. BACKGROUND: Australia is not alone in seeking to address the health inequity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. Globally such health inequities are similar and require interventions supported by governments in conjunction with health and education systems to affect desired change...
March 1, 2018: International Nursing Review
Susana Martín-Iglesias, M Jesús Santamaría-Martín, Ahinoa Alonso-Álvarez, Milagros Rico-Blázquez, Isabel Del Cura-González, Ricardo Rodríguez-Barrientosn, Aurora Barberá-Martín, Teresa Sanz-Cuesta, M Isabel Coghen-Vigueras, Isabel de Antonio-Ramírez, Isabel Durand-Rincón, Felisa Garrido-Rodriguez, María Jesús Geijo-Rincón, Rebeca Mielgo-Salvador, M Soledad Morales-Montalvá, M Asunción Reviriego-Gutiérrez, Carmen Rivero-Garrido, Micaela Ruiz-Calabria, M Pilar Santamaría-Mechano, Roberto Santiago-Fernández, M Isabel Sillero-Quintana, Beatriz Soto-Almendro, María Terol-Claramonte, María Villa-Arranz
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization leads a global strategy to promote the initiation and maintenance of breast-feeding. Existing literature shows that education and supportive interventions, both for breast-feeding mothers as well as for healthcare professionals, can increase the proportion of women that use exclusive breast-feeding, however, more evidence is needed on the effectiveness of group interventions. METHODS: This study involves a community-based cluster randomised trial conducted at Primary Healthcare Centres in the Community of Madrid (Spain)...
February 26, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Michael F Fialkow, Carrie M Snead, Jay Schulkin
Introduction: As the US health-care system has evolved over the past decade, access to obstetric care in rural communities has declined, and there has been a challenge in retaining obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN) providers to train the next generation of physicians. The current pilot study sought to identify the factors that influence faculty who train medical students within the field of OB-GYN with the hope of influencing recruitment and retention of providers for the future. Methods: Clinical OB-GYN faculty within the University of Washington School of Medicine regional medical education program were surveyed about practice patterns and beliefs regarding medical student training as part of a pilot study on provider recruitment and retention...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
Rosie Dew, Kathryn King, Onyebuchi E Okosieme, Simon H Pearce, Gemma Donovan, Peter N Taylor, Janis Hickey, Colin M Dayan, Graham Leese, Salman Razvi, Scott Wilkes
OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals towards management of hypothyroidism that contributes to the suboptimal treatment of hypothyroidism in general practice. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study using semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen participants were interviewed between March and August 2016 comprising nine general practitioners (GPs), four pharmacists, two practice nurses and one nurse practitioner...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
Rachel M Peters, Thomas J Hipper, Esther D Chernak
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to determine the capacity of community primary care practices to meet the needs of patients during public health emergencies and to identify the barriers and resources necessary to participate in a coordinated response with public safety agencies. METHODS: The self-administered web-based survey was distributed in January 2014 via e-mail to primary care providers in Pennsylvania using the listservs of several professional societies. RESULTS: A total of 179 primary care providers participated in the survey...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Sabina Abou Malham, Nassera Touati, Lara Maillet, Mylaine Breton
BACKGROUND: The advanced access (AA) model is a highly recommended innovation to improve timely access to primary healthcare. Despite that many studies have shown positive impacts for healthcare professionals, and for patients, implementing this model in clinics with a teaching mission for family medicine residents poses specific challenges. OBJECTIVE: To identify these challenges within these clinics, as well as potential strategies to address them. DESIGN: The authors adopted a qualitative multiple case study design, collected data in 2016 using semi-structured interviews (N = 40) with healthcare professionals and clerical staff in four family medicine units in Quebec, and performed a thematic analysis...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
J Lawton, M Blackburn, J Allen, F Campbell, D Elleri, L Leelarathna, D Rankin, M Tauschmann, H Thabit, R Hovorka
BACKGROUND: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) enables users to view real-time interstitial glucose readings and provides information on the direction and rate of change of blood glucose levels. Users can also access historical data to inform treatment decisions. While the clinical and psychological benefits of CGM are well established, little is known about how individuals use CGM to inform diabetes self-management. We explored participants' experiences of using CGM in order to provide recommendations for supporting individuals to make optimal use of this technology...
February 20, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
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