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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089649/magnetic-resonance-imaging-conditional-devices-luxury-or-real-clinical-need
#1
REVIEW
Sophie I Mavrogeni, George Poulos, Genovefa Kolovou, George Theodorakis
Although the risk of MRI scanning on patients with conventional devices is rather lower than initially thought, the patient's safety can only be assured by using MRI-conditional devices. The most important modifications in MRI-conditional devices include: a) Reduction in ferromagnetic components to reduce magnetic attraction and susceptibility artefacts b) Replacement of reed switch by Hall sensor in order to avoid unpredictable reed switch behaviour c) Lead coil design to minimize lead heating and electrical current induction d) Filter circuitry to prevent damage to internal power supply e) Dedicated pacemaker programming to prevent inappropriate pacemaker inhibition and competing rhythms...
January 9, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073564/education-and-notification-approaches-for-harmful-algal-blooms-habs-washington-state-usa
#2
F Joan Hardy, Debra Bouchard, Marisa Burghdoff, Ray Hanowell, Beth LeDoux, Ellen Preece, Lindsay Tuttle, Gene Williams
While numerous strategies have been used to educate and notify the public about potential hazards from exposure to Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), at present there are no national guidelines or suggested outreach approaches. To raise public awareness and determine effective HAB outreach methods, two Washington State agencies and three counties in the Puget Sound region implemented several education and notification strategies. These approaches were rated for effectiveness by state and county public health and water quality professionals...
December 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004389/withdrawn-community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#3
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
December 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992023/educational-strategies-for-the-prevention-of-diabetes-hypertension-and-obesity
#4
Alexandre Paulo Machado, Bruno Muniz Lima, Monique Guilharducci Laureano, Pedro Henrique Bauth Silva, Giovanna Pereira Tardin, Paulo Silva Reis, Joyce Sammara Santos, Domingos Jácomo, Eliziana Ferreira D'Artibale
Objective: The main goal of this work was to produce a review of educational strategies to prevent diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Method: PubMed database was consulted using combined descriptors such as [Prevention], [Educational Activities], [Diabetes], [Hypertension], and [Obesity]. Data from randomized trials published between 2002 and 2014 were included in spreadsheets for analysis in duplicate by the reviewers. Results: A total of 8,908 articles were found, of which 1,539 were selected about diabetes mellitus (DM, n=369), arterial systemic hypertension (ASH, n=200), and obesity (OBES, n=970)...
November 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554397/open-mouth-open-mind-expanding-the-role-of-primary-care-nurse-practitioners
#5
Carol A Clark, Kathleen A Kent, Richard D Jackson
Oral health is essential to overall health at any age, although in children it is particularly important because poor oral health can have a deleterious effect on deciduous and permanent dentition. For decades, oral health providers have urged primary care providers to incorporate oral health assessment, risk factor identification, parent education, and preventive therapy into routine well-child visits. Despite recommendations from various professional associations and governmental organizations, the incidence of dental disease in young children remains relatively unchanged...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400570/-aging-health-and-society-challenges-for-next-decade
#6
José Manuel Ribera Casado
Main challenges that may appear in our country along next decade related with the aging process are discussed. First of these challenges must take into account demography changes. Absolute number and. rates of elderly people increases permanently and it will be so in the next future. To assume the UN slogan "active aging" could be a positive attitude, and in this way both, each individual and social collectives, must be involved. In relation with health challenges, chronic disease and disability are the two most important problems...
2014: Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188156/-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-powered-and-manual-toothbrushes-in-preventing-oral-diseases-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Pál Nagy, Krisztián Kövér, István Gera, Attila Horváth
BACKGROUND: The removal of dental plaque plays an essential role in the maintenance of oral health. Numerous powered and manual toothbrushes were manufactured to achieve this goal, but even up to this day different opinions and research results have been revealed to assess the priority of the mentioned devices. AIM: Comparison of powered and manual toothbrushes on the basis of periodontal parameters and safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic search of the databases of MEDLINE and EMBASE (until May 2014) was carried out with the help of keywords in order to find relevant trials...
March 2016: Fogorvosi Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019526/trends-in-attrition-among-medical-teaching-staff-at-universities-in-myanmar-2009-2013
#8
Nang Mie Mie Htun, Joshua A Reyer, Eiko Yamamoto, Yoshitoku Yoshida, Nobuyuki Hamajima
Although lack of human resources for health is becoming a global problem, there are few studies on human resources in Myanmar. This study was conducted to investigate the attrition rates of teaching staff from universities for medical professions in Myanmar from 2009 to 2013. The data were collected from administrative records from Department of Medical Sciences, Ministry of Health, Myanmar. Numbers of staff and those who permanently left work (attrition) from 2009 to 2013 were counted. The reasons were classified into two categories; involuntary attrition (death or retirement) and voluntary attrition (resignation or absenteeism)...
February 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815162/advances-and-challenges-in-oral-health-after-a-decade-of-the-smiling-brazil-program
#9
REVIEW
Charleni Inês Scherer, Magda Duarte dos Anjos Scherer
OBJECTIVE: To analyze oral health work changes in primary health care after Brazil's National Oral Health Policy Guidelines were released. METHODS: A literature review was conducted on Medline, LILACS, Embase, SciELO, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, and The Cochrane Library databases, from 2000 to 2013, on elements to analyze work changes. The descriptors used included: primary health care, family health care, work, health care policy, oral health care services, dentistry, oral health, and Brazil...
2015: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26814491/guidelines-for-quality-management-of-apallic-syndrome-vegetative-state
#10
Klaus von Wild, Franz Gerstenbrand, Giuliano Dolce, Heinrich Binder, Pieter E Vos, Leopold Saltuari, Yuri Alekseenko, Rita Formisano, Annegret Ritz, Erika Ortega-Suhrkamp, Johannes R Jörg, Alexander A Potapov, José León-Carrión, Rimantas Vilcinis, George A Zitnay
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology in Europe shows constantly increasing figures for the apallic syndrome (AS)/vegetative state (VS) as a consequence of advanced rescue, emergency services, intensive care treatment after acute brain damage and high-standard activating home nursing for completely dependent end-stage cases secondary to progressive neurological disease. Management of patients in irreversible permanent AS/VS has been the subject of sustained scientific and moral-legal debate over the past decade...
June 2007: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26753084/access-to-safe-water-and-personal-hygiene-practices-in-the-kulandia-refugee-camp-jerusalem
#11
Mohamad Issa, Michael McHenry, Abdul Aziz Issa, R Alexander Blackwood
Diarrheal illness, frequently associated with fecal-oral transmission, is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. It is commonly preventable through the implementation of safe water practices. This experiment concerns how to best implement safe water practices in a quasi-permanent refugee camp setting with limited ability for structural changes. Specifically, we explore how health promotion activities that help identify target groups for hygiene interventions can play a role in disease prevention. An anonymous survey was conducted at the United Nations Relief and Works Agency Health Clinic in the Kulandia refugee camp to assess the safe water and personal hygiene practices...
December 22, 2015: Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26746977/designing-an-electronic-patient-management-system-for-multiple-sclerosis-building-a-next-generation-multiple-sclerosis-documentation-system
#12
Raimar Kern, Rocco Haase, Judith Christina Eisele, Katja Thomas, Tjalf Ziemssen
BACKGROUND: Technologies like electronic health records or telemedicine devices support the rapid mediation of health information and clinical data independent of time and location between patients and their physicians as well as among health care professionals. Today, every part of the treatment process from diagnosis, treatment selection, and application to patient education and long-term care may be enhanced by a quality-assured implementation of health information technology (HIT) that also takes data security standards and concerns into account...
2016: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26720822/what-do-people-believe-about-memory-implications-for-the-science-and-pseudoscience-of-clinical-practice
#13
REVIEW
Steven Jay Lynn, James Evans, Jean-Roch Laurence, Scott O Lilienfeld
We examine the evidence concerning what people believe about memory. We focus on beliefs regarding the permanence of memory and whether memory can be repressed and accurately recovered. We consider beliefs about memory among the undergraduate and general population, mental health professionals, judges, jurors, and law enforcement officers to provide a broad canvass that extends to the forensic arena, as well as to psychiatry, psychology, and allied disciplines. We discuss the implications of these beliefs for the education of the general public and mental health professionals regarding the science and pseudoscience of memory and the use of suggestive procedures in psychotherapy...
December 2015: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26635007/health-worker-migration-from-south-africa-causes-consequences-and-policy-responses
#14
Ronald Labonté, David Sanders, Thubelihle Mathole, Jonathan Crush, Abel Chikanda, Yoswa Dambisya, Vivien Runnels, Corinne Packer, Adrian MacKenzie, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: This paper arises from a four-country study that sought to better understand the drivers of skilled health worker migration, its consequences, and the strategies countries have employed to mitigate negative impacts. The four countries-Jamaica, India, the Philippines, and South Africa-have historically been "sources" of skilled health workers (SHWs) migrating to other countries. This paper presents the findings from South Africa. METHODS: The study began with a scoping review of the literature on health worker migration from South Africa, followed by empirical data collected from skilled health workers and stakeholders...
December 3, 2015: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26556580/what-factors-influence-the-choice-of-urban-or-rural-location-for-future-practice-of-nepalese-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#15
Bhim Prasad Sapkota, Archana Amatya
BACKGROUND: Nepal is experiencing a public health issue similar to the rest of the world, i.e., the geographical maldistribution of physicians. Although there is some documentation about the reasons physicians elect to leave Nepal to work abroad, very little is known about the salient factors that influence the choice of an urban versus rural practice setting for those physicians who do not migrate. In recent years, around 1000 medical students became doctors within Nepal, but their distribution in rural locations is not adequate...
2015: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26312898/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#16
Amelia Paget, Claire Parker, William Henley, Jon Heron, Tamsin Ford, Alan Emond
BACKGROUND: School exclusion is a disciplinary method used to remove a child from the school environment. It is known to affect certain groups disproportionately, including boys, some ethnic minorities, children in care, children in poverty, and children with special educational needs. Population-based studies on wider characteristics of excluded pupils are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe factors associated with school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), focussing on neurodevelopment and mental health...
February 26, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26294201/re-initiating-professional-working-activity-after-myocardial-infarction-in-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-networks-era
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zdravko Babić, Marin Pavlov, Mirjana Oštrić, Milan Milošević, Marjeta Misigoj Duraković, Hrvoje Pintarić
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the aspects of return to work, socio-economic and quality of life aspects in 145 employed patients under 60 years of age treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During hospital treatment demographic and clinical data was collected. Data about major adverse cardiovascular events, rehabilitation, sick leave, discharge from job and retirement, salary, major life events and estimation of quality of life after myocardial infarction were obtained after follow-up (mean: 836±242 days)...
2015: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26277284/re-orientation-of-human-resources-for-health-a-great-challenge-for-the-brazilian-national-health-system
#18
REVIEW
D L C Furlanetto, D L M Pinho, C M S F Parreira
OBJECTIVES: To present the data available and discuss the progress, current advances and challenges of the initiatives, current policies and guidance implemented by the Health and Education Ministries in Brazil to target transformation of health teaching in order to improve the health care offered by the Brazilian National Health System. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: Documentary analysis and review of articles identified in a search of electronic databases, along with reports and documents acquired from the Health and Education Ministries between 1988 and 2013...
September 2015: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262171/the-use-of-applications-in-distance-education-specialization-course-as-a-support-tool-for-students-living-in-remote-areas-without-internet
#19
Ana Emília F Oliveira, Rômulo M França, Eurides F Castro Júnior, Deborah C L Baesse, Mariana F L Maia, Elza B Ferreira
The world is experiencing the popularization of mobile devices. This was made possible by the increasing technological advances and the advent of the Internet as a communication and information tool. These facts demonstrate that the development of applications compatible with such devices is an effective way to provide content to diverse audiences. In the educational field, these devices can be seen as technological support artifacts for distance education, serving as strategy for continuous and permanent education for health professionals...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26244470/facilitating-research-in-physician-assistant-programs-creating-a-student-level-longitudinal-database
#20
Perri Morgan, Katherine M Humeniuk, Christine M Everett
As physician assistant (PA) roles expand and diversify in the United States and around the world, there is a pressing need for research that illuminates how PAs may best be selected, educated, and used in health systems to maximize their potential contributions to health. Physician assistant education programs are well positioned to advance this research by collecting and organizing data on applicants, students, and graduates. Our PA program is creating a permanent longitudinal education database for research that contains extensive student-level data...
September 2015: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
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