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Child abuse prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054099/examining-factors-associated-with-elevated-lie-scale-responding-on-the-child-abuse-potential-inventory
#1
Amanda H Costello, Natalie J Shook, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Child maltreatment remains a serious public health issue in the United States. Therefore, it is important to engage in quality control of the assessment, prevention, and treatment services for families affected by maltreatment. Parenting capacity assessments (PCAs) are typically an integral part of service delivery for families affected by maltreatment and can carry serious consequences for the referred parent. The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a measure that is widely used in PCAs; however, socially desirable responding on the CAPI can serve to invalidate the important information derived from this assessment, as well as lead to negative impressions of the parent...
October 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049970/sexual-interest-and-sexual-self-control-in-men-with-self-reported-sexual-interest-in-children-a-first-eye-tracking-study
#2
Kirsten Jordan, Peter Fromberger, Isabel Müller, Martina Wernicke, Georg Stolpmann, Jürgen L Müller
Sexual child abuse is one of the most destructive events for child development. One possible approach to avert it is the preventive treatment of individuals with a sexual interest in children. The aim of the current eye tracking study was to compare people with a self-reported sexual interest in children who participate in the outpatient preventive treatment project "PsM", pedophilic forensic inpatients, and a non-pedophilic control group. Groups were compared with respect to sexual interest and attentional control in the presence of sexual stimuli, both assessed independently of self-report...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020793/sexual-abuse-of-children-with-learning-disabilities
#3
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr, Ellen Gruber
Although children with a learning disability (LD) are at an increased risk of sexual abuse, it is unclear whether conditions specific to their impairment are associated with sexual assault or if risk derives from other comorbid conditions such as behavioral problems, social skill deficits, or loneliness. Using a national probability study of child maltreatment investigations in the United States ( n = 2,033), we hypothesized that children over the age of 4 with a LD are target congruent to a sexual perpetrator...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019723/accidental-hanging-injuries-in-children-recognition-and-management
#4
Siba P Paul, Ruby Paul, Paul A Heaton
Accidental hanging is rare in childhood but is often fatal. Window blind cords pose a particular and unique risk to young children in the UK, accounting for one to two deaths annually. These accidents are frequently associated with non-adherence to the safety instructions provided by the manufacturers. Early discovery of the child and initiation of effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation at the site of the incident are likely to improve the outcome. Prolonged suspension, children who are pulseless at first contact by the emergency paramedic responder, and patients with prolonged periods of remaining in asystole before return of spontaneous circulation after starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation are unlikely to have intact neurological survival...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018790/synergistic-effects-of-unintended-pregnancy-and-young-motherhood-on-shaking-and-smothering-of-infants-among-caregivers-in-nagoya-city-japan
#5
Aya Isumi, Takeo Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Shaking and smothering in response to infant crying are forms of child abuse that often result in death. Unintended pregnancy and young motherhood are risk factors of such child maltreatment that are often comorbid, few studies have examined their synergistic effect on shaking and smothering of infants. We examined the synergistic effects of unintended pregnancy and young motherhood on shaking and smothering among caregivers of infants in Japan. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, a questionnaire was administered to caregivers enrolled for a health check for 3- to 4-month-old infants between October 2013 and February 2014 in Nagoya City, Japan...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992513/evaluation-of-second-step-child-protection-videos-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Amanda B Nickerson, Jennifer A Livingston, Kimberly Kamper-DeMarco
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of the Second Step Child Protection Unit videos on parents' knowledge, motivation, and self-reported communication with their child about personal safety and childhood sexual abuse prevention. Parents of children between the ages of 3-11 years were randomly assigned to the intervention (watching the Second Step videos) or the control (watching videos on child obesity) groups. They completed measures assessing their knowledge of child sexual abuse (CSA), motivation to discuss CSA, self-reported discussions of CSA, child history of victimization, parent exposure to CSA, and comparable measures on topics of health and nutrition at pre-test...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974320/the-mitigating-effects-of-maternal-social-support-and-paternal-involvement-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-violence
#7
Melissa Tracy, Madeleine Salo, Allison A Appleton
Childhood maltreatment is a strong risk factor for subsequent violence, including violent behaviors in young adulthood and offspring maltreatment after becoming a parent. Little is known about the specific circumstances under which supportive relationships may help disrupt this cycle of violence throughout the life course. We conducted two complementary analyses to assess whether maternal social support in early childhood, and also paternal involvement in middle childhood, could prevent the intergenerational transmission of violence, using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n=11,384)...
September 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967433/the-impact-of-australia-s-royal-commission-on-child-and-youth-serving-organizations
#8
Stephen Smallbone
This commentary considers the impact to date of Australia's Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse on child- and youth-serving organizations, particularly its influence on organizations' efforts to create and maintain 'child safe, child friendly' cultures, policies and practices. Opportunities and challenges for organizational leaders are outlined. The commentary calls for more involvement by researchers in empirical research that is relevant to the causes and prevention of abuse in organizations, and for findings to be disseminated in ways that are useful to organizations...
September 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952320/how-to-convince-parents-to-stop-spanking-their-children
#9
Julia Hudnut-Beumler, Ashley Smith, Seth J Scholer
English- and Spanish-speaking parents of 1- to 5-year-old children were invited to view 5-10 minutes of parent training program, "Play Nicely," as part of the well-child checkup. Key measures were parents' plans to change how they discipline and, if they planned to use less spanking, how the program worked in their situation. Of 197 parents who participated, 128 (65.0%) planned to change how they discipline. Nineteen parents (9.6%) reported that they planned to spank less. The most common reasons for parents to plan to spank less were that the program taught other discipline options (12/19, 63...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941786/preventing-gender-based-violence-victimization-in-adolescent-girls-in-lower-income-countries-systematic-review-of-reviews
#10
REVIEW
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause, Stephanie S Miedema
This systematic review of reviews synthesizes evidence on the impact of interventions to prevent violence against adolescent girls and young women 10-24 years (VAWG) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Theories of women's empowerment and the social ecology of multifaceted violence frame the review. Child abuse, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC), child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and sexual violence were focal outcomes. Our review followed the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) for the systematic review of reviews, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for a systematic review of recent intervention studies...
September 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926598/-if-he-could-speak-he-would-be-able-to-point-out-who-does-those-things-to-him-experiences-of-violence-and-access-to-child-protection-among-children-with-disabilities-in-uganda-and-malawi
#11
Lena Morgon Banks, Susan A Kelly, Nambusi Kyegombe, Hannah Kuper, Karen Devries
INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence that children with disabilities face an increased risk of violence globally. While child protection mechanisms to prevent and respond to violence-including formal government systems and more informal programmes and activities run by local communities or NGOs-are slowly becoming operationalised in low- and- middle-income countries, little is known about whether existing mechanisms are disability-inclusive. The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of children with disabilities' experiences of violence and their access to available child protection mechanisms in low resource settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920456/child-sexual-abuse-prevention-opportunities-parenting-programs-and-the-reduction-of-risk
#12
Julia Rudolph, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Dianne C Shanley, Russell Hawkins
To date, child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention has relied largely on child-focused education, teaching children how to identify, avoid, and disclose sexual abuse. The purpose of this article is to explore how prevention opportunities can include parents in new and innovative ways. We propose that parents can play a significant role as protectors of their children via two pathways: (i) directly, through the strong external barriers afforded by parent supervision, monitoring, and involvement; and (ii) indirectly, by promoting their children's self-efficacy, competence, well-being, and self-esteem, which the balance of evidence suggests will help them become less likely targets for abuse and more able to respond appropriately and disclose abuse if it occurs...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919277/-accomplices-under-influence-teachers-lovers-incestigators-or-pimps%C3%A2-who-are-females-child-abusers
#13
Virginie Cailleau, Bérangère Thirioux, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Nematollah Jaafari
According to victimization surveys, the percentage of females among child abusers is much higher than 2 or 5% as usually reported in the devoted literature. The under-estimated percentage of child sexual abuses committed by females would result from the dissimulation of sexual acts within nursing care, a gender bias in favor of women among child protection system professionals and low disclosures. Sexual abuses committed by females are often more harmful for children than sexual abuses committed by males. Although a few female child abusers suffers from psychiatric disorders, most of them are psychologically and emotionally dependent from a man or have psychopathic, manipulative and sometimes sadistic personality traits...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918232/childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-unique-cumulative-and-interactive-effects
#14
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Child maltreatment has been associated with sexual risk behaviors. Previous investigators have typically studied only one form of maltreatment, preventing them from exploring interrelations between forms of maltreatment and their impact on sexual risk behaviors. Thus, this study aims to examine the unique, cumulative, and interactive effects of four maltreatment forms (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, and witnessing interparental violence) on sexual risk behaviors. The sample comprised 1940 sexually active adolescents (Mage=15...
September 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914730/family-and-environmental-influences-on-child-behavioral-health-the-role-of-neighborhood-disorder-and-adverse-childhood-experiences
#15
Xiafei Wang, Kathryn Maguire-Jack
OBJECTIVE: The Adverse Childhood Experiences study suggests childhood adversity is a "root" origin for health and human development. Newer research is examining the more immediate impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on child development and the impact of neighborhood environment on the likelihood of and prevention ACEs. The extent to which all of these aspects of the child context fit together remains unclear. The current study seeks to fill this gap examining the precursors for ACEs and the multitude of ways in which a child's home life can impact his or her development...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889143/a-nonrandom-sample-of-55-sexual-abuse-cases-in-sivas
#16
Celal Butun, Ali Yildirim, Erdal Ozer, Eda Yilmaz, Seda Aybuke Sari
BACKGROUND Sexual abuse in childhood is a significant public health problem because of the destructive results both to the individual and to the community. The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children who were victims of sexual abuse, the relationship of the victim and abuser, and the findings of sexual abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS An examination was made of the results of forensic medicine and psychiatric evaluations of child victims of sexual abuse. The sociodemographic characteristics of the cases and the characteristics of the incidents of sexual abuse were evaluated at the Forensic Medicine Department of Cumhuriyet University between 2013 and 2016...
September 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886870/children-and-young-people-s-views-on-institutional-safety-it-s-not-just-because-we-re-little
#17
Tim P Moore
The Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse has set in motion a number of systemic and organizational approaches to identify and respond to child sexual abuse. These include increased child abuse awareness, developing and enhancing child-safe organizational cultures and policies and more thorough screening and supervision of staff in child and youth serving organizations. Although these advances should be applauded, many of the concerns that children and young people have raised about interpersonal safety have not been fully addressed...
September 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886470/exploring-member-perspectives-on-participation-on-child-welfare-citizen-review-panels-a-national-study
#18
J Jay Miller, Crystal Collins-Camargo, Blake Jones, Chunling Niu
The year 2016 marked the 20th anniversary of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) amendments (P.L. 104-235) that mandated Citizen Review Panels (CRPs). CRPs are citizen volunteer groups authorized by United States (U.S.) federal law to examine policies and procedures of state child welfare agencies. Despite the potential of CRPs to positively impact child welfare systems outcomes associated with child abuse and neglect, and the millions of dollars in resources allocated to these groups, there remains a dearth in the literature about CRPs...
September 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880356/-diagnostics-of-attachment-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#19
M J van Hoof
Growing concern about how the neglect and abuse of children can be tackled and prevented has led to increased interest in the parent-child relationship and the concept of attachment. It is vitally important that the diagnostics relating to attachment are accurate. One of the main problems is that up till now the parent-child relationship has not been assessed and analysed in accordance with reliable, unambiguous standards.<br/> AIM: To search the literature in order to identify the prerequisites for reliable diagnostics of attachment...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#20
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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