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Child abuse prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630830/bilateral-humerus-and-right-femur-fracture-in-a-newborn-after-cesarean-section-for-breech-presentation-in-a-twin-pregnancy-a-very-rare-case-report
#1
P Rahul, Amit Rakesh Grover, S M Ajoy
INTRODUCTION: The most common fractures during vaginal delivery occur in the clavicle, humerus, and femur. Cesarean section reduces the chances of a child having a birth injury. However, in some difficult extractions, long bone fractures may occur. Cesarean section further reduces the incidence of birth injuries, especially in a breech delivery. Maneuvers employed during cesarean section, energetic traction, improper uterine incisions, and contracted uterus may cause these injuries. In the medical literature, there are few articles highlighting the occurrence of long bone fractures during cesarean section...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629352/male-suicide-among-construction-workers-in-australia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-major-stressors-precipitating-death
#2
Allison Milner, Humaira Maheen, Dianne Currier, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates among those employed in male-dominated professions such as construction are elevated compared to other occupational groups. Thus far, past research has been mainly quantitative and has been unable to identify the complex range of risk and protective factors that surround these suicides. METHODS: We used a national coronial database to qualitatively study work and non-work related influences on male suicide occurring in construction workers in Australia...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628898/-talking-about-child-sexual-abuse-would-have-helped-me-young-people-who-sexually-abused-reflect-on-preventing-harmful-sexual-behavior
#3
Gemma McKibbin, Cathy Humphreys, Bridget Hamilton
Harmful sexual behavior carried out by children and young people accounts for about half of all child sexual abuse perpetration. The aim of this study was to draw on the insights of young people who had been sexually abusive to enhance the current prevention agenda. The study involved semi-structured interviews with 14 young people and six treatment-providing workers. Sampling was purposive and the young people had previously completed a treatment program for harmful sexual behaviour in Victoria, Australia...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628378/knowledge-and-behavioral-impact-of-adult-participation-in-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-evaluation-of-the-protecting-god-s-children-program
#4
Anne M Nurse
This article presents findings from an evaluation of a popular adult training program (Protecting God's Children) used in Catholic institutions, including schools, churches, and social service agencies. The study explores knowledge and behavior change based on pretest/posttest questionnaires administered to over 500 adults and follow-up questionnaires sent six months after the training. The participants in the training were compared to a control group of adults who did not participate in the program. The results indicate that participants arrive at the training with fairly high rates of preexisting knowledge but that the program increases knowledge across demographic groups...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618320/screening-for-potential-child-maltreatment-in-parents-of-a-newborn-baby-the-predictive-validity-of-an-instrument-for-early-identification-of-parents-at-risk-for-child-abuse-and-neglect-iparan
#5
Claudia E van der Put, Merian B R Bouwmeester-Landweer, Eleonore A Landsmeer-Beker, Jan M Wit, Friedo W Dekker, N Pieter J Kousemaker, Herman E M Baartman
For preventive purposes it is important to be able to identify families with a high risk of child maltreatment at an early stage. Therefore we developed an actuarial instrument for screening families with a newborn baby, the Instrument for identification of Parents At Risk for child Abuse and Neglect (IPARAN). The aim of this study was to assess the predictive validity of the IPARAN and to examine whether combining actuarial and clinical methods leads to an improvement of the predictive validity. We examined the predictive validity by calculating several performance indicators (i...
June 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609181/effect-of-the-earned-income-tax-credit-on-hospital-admissions-for-pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-1995-2013
#6
Joanne Klevens, Brian Schmidt, Feijun Luo, Likang Xu, Katie A Ports, Rosalyn D Lee
OBJECTIVES: Policies that increase household income, such as the earned income tax credit (EITC), have shown reductions on risk factors for child maltreatment (ie, poverty, maternal stress, depression), but evidence is lacking on whether the EITC actually reduces child maltreatment. We examined whether states' EITCs are associated with state rates of hospital admissions for abusive head trauma among children aged <2 years. METHODS: We conducted difference-in-difference analyses (ie, pre- and postdifferences in intervention vs control groups) of annual rates of states' hospital admissions attributed to abusive head trauma among children aged <2 years (ie, using aggregate data)...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607670/emotional-abuse-of-girls-in-swaziland-prevalence-perpetrators-risk-and-protective-factors-and-health-outcomes
#7
Franziska Meinck, Deborah Fry, Choice Ginindza, Kerri Wazny, Aldo Elizalde, Thees F Spreckelsen, M Catherine Maternowska, Michael P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Research on emotional child abuse in sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. Few studies thus far have examined prevalence, risk and protective factors for emotional child abuse or the associations between emotional abuse and girls' health. METHODS: A nationally representative two-stage, cluster-sampled, household survey of females aged 13-24 years (n = 1244) on childhood abuse victimisation was conducted. Participants completed interviewer-assisted questionnaires...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606210/impulsivity-as-a-mechanism-linking-child-abuse-and-neglect-with-substance-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#8
Assaf Oshri, Steve M Kogan, Josephine A Kwon, K A S Wickrama, Lauren Vanderbroek, Abraham A Palmer, James MacKillop
Emerging developmental perspectives suggest that adverse rearing environments promote neurocognitive adaptations that heighten impulsivity and increase vulnerability to risky behavior. Although studies document links between harsh rearing environments and impulsive behavior on substance use, the developmental hypothesis that impulsivity acts as mechanism linking adverse rearing environments to downstream substance use remains to be investigated. The present study investigated the role of impulsivity in linking child abuse and neglect with adult substance use using data from (a) a longitudinal sample of youth (Study 1, N = 9,421) and (b) a cross-sectional sample of adults (Study 2, N = 1,011)...
June 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602473/mothers-knowledge-perception-about-child-sexual-abuse-in-jordan
#9
Fatmeh Ahmad Alzoubi, Reem Ahmad Ali, Intesar Hussein Flah, Ahlam Alnatour
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious problem causing physical, social and psychosocial harm. To understand the Jordanian mothers' efforts to prevent CSA, we assessed the mothers' general knowledge about CSA, their perceptions, knowledge about signs and symptoms of CSA and their knowledge about prevention practices of CSA in relation to their demographics. A cross- sectional descriptive design was used with a convenient sample of 488 mothers. The data was collected using a self-reported questionnaire consisting of 52 items...
June 8, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600332/contaminated-fingers-a-potential-cause-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-positive-urine-specimens
#10
Philip M Giffard, Rachael A Lilliebridge, Judith Wilson, Gerald Murray, Samuel Phillips, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Suzanne M Garland, Louise Martin, Gurmeet Singh, Steven Y C Tong, Deborah C Holt, Patiyan Andersson
OBJECTIVES: The detection of an STI agent in a urogenital tract (UGT) specimen from a young child is regarded as being indicative of sexual abuse. However, the probabilities of contamination events that could conceivably lead to STI positive specimens in the absence of sexual contact are unclear. The objective was to estimate the potential for fingers that have come in contact with Chlamydia trachomatis-positive urine to detectably contaminate C. trachomatis-negative urine. METHODS: The study design was based on self-experimentation...
June 9, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599125/the-impact-of-perceived-childhood-victimization-and-patriarchal-gender-ideology-on-intimate-partner-violence-ipv-victimization-among-korean-immigrant-women-in-the-usa
#11
Chunrye Kim
Childhood victimization experiences are common among intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. This study examines the link between childhood physical and sexual victimization experiences and adulthood IPV among Korean immigrant women in the USA. As Korean immigrants often use physical punishment to discipline their children, and reporting sexual abuse is discouraged due to stigmatization in this community, cultural factors (e.g. patriarchal values) related to childhood victimization and IPV were also examined...
June 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592146/drug-use-the-drug-environment-and-child-physical-abuse-and-neglect
#12
Bridget Freisthler, Jennifer Price Wolf, Wendy Wiegmann, Nancy J Kepple
Although drug use is considered a risk factor for child maltreatment, very little work has examined how the drug environment may affect physical abuse and neglect by parents. Utilizing information from a telephone survey with 2,597 respondents from 43 cities with valid police data on narcotics incidents, we analyzed the relationship between drug use, drug availability, and child maltreatment using multilevel models. City-level rates of drug abuse and dependence were related to more frequent physical abuse. Parents who use drugs in areas with greater availability of drugs reported more physical abuse and physical neglect...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582353/effectiveness-of-the-sexual-health-reproductive-health-education-given-to-turkey-adolescents-who-use-alcohol-or-substance
#13
Hacer Ataman, Nuran Kömürcü
OBJECTIVE: The research was conducted experimentally to evaluate the effectiveness of the sexual health/reproductive health (SH/RH) education given to Turkish adolescents who use alcohol or illicit substances. METHODS: The population was adolescents who use alcohol and substances and were inpatients at the Child and Adolescent Substance Addiction Research, Treatment and Education Center. The adolescents were grouped into the following three groups: Group 1 (control group), Group 2 (those who have received training once), and Group 3 (those who have received training twice)...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578671/serious-child-and-adolescent-behaviour-disorders-a-valuation-study-by-professionals-youth-and-parents
#14
Karin M Vermeulen, Daniëlle E M C Jansen, Erik Buskens, Erik J Knorth, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: In child and youth care, quantitative estimates of the impact of serious behaviour problems have not yet been made. Such input is needed to support decision making on investments in treatment. The aim of this paper was to elicit valuations of social and conduct disorders in children and adolescents from three different perspectives: professionals, youth, and parents. METHODS: We obtained valuations from 25 youth care professionals, 50 children (age 9-10) without serious behaviour problems and 36 adolescents (age 16-17) with and without serious behaviour disorders, and 46 parents with children in the aforementioned age categories...
June 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570346/child-welfare-professionals-determination-of-when-children-s-access-or-potential-access-to-loaded-firearms-constitutes-child-neglect
#15
Erin M Evans, Charles A Jennissen, Resmiye Oral, Gerene M Denning
BACKGROUND: Pediatric deaths and injuries from access to firearms are a significant public health problem. No studies have examined how experts determine child neglect regarding firearm access in the home. Our study objectives were to identify factors that influenced pediatric experts' finding of firearm-related child neglect and to assess their attitudes toward child access prevention (CAP) laws. METHODS: A survey was distributed to American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Child Abuse and Neglect members...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566970/parents-perceptions-about-child-abuse-and-their-impact-on-physical-and-emotional-child-abuse-a-study-from-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#16
Mohammed N Al Dosari, Mazen Ferwana, Imad Abdulmajeed, Khaled K Aldossari, Jamaan M Al-Zahrani
OBJECTIVE: To determine perceptions of parents about child abuse, and their impact on physical and emotional child abuse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred parents attending three primary health care centers (PHCCs) in Riyadh serving National Guard employes and their families, were requested to participate in this survey. Data was collected by self administered questionnaire. Five main risk factors areas/domains were explored; three were parent related (personal factors, history of parents' childhood abuse, and parental attitude toward punishment), and two were family/community effects and factors specific to the child...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561211/-increasing-consumption-of-crystal-meth-in-saxony-and-its-risks-for-mother-and-child-experiences-at-a-level-i-perinatal-center-from-a-pediatric-viewpoint
#17
Jürgen Dinger, Nicole Näther, Pauline Wimberger, Ulrich S Zimmermann, Jochen Schmitt, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
Over the past several years, the number of first-time users of methamphetamine considerably increased within the Free State of Saxony. This number also, and especially, includes women of child-bearing age and young mothers. A supportive intervention aimed at reducing the effects of drug abuse should begin in a timely way - during pregnancy at latest, but better before it. To develop an optimal care protocol for both the mother and her child, more knowledge regarding the personal conditions of the women as well as the specific features of later child development after prenatal methamphetamine exposure (PME) is vital...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557719/community-poverty-and-child-abuse-fatalities-in-the-united-states
#18
Caitlin A Farrell, Eric W Fleegler, Michael C Monuteaux, Celeste R Wilson, Cindy W Christian, Lois K Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment remains a problem in the United States, and individual poverty is a recognized risk factor for abuse. Children in impoverished communities are at risk for negative health outcomes, but the relationship of community poverty to child abuse fatalities is not known. Our objective was to evaluate the association between county poverty concentration and rates of fatal child abuse. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of child abuse fatalities in US children 0 to 4 years of age from 1999 to 2014 by using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Compressed Mortality Files...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551460/barriers-and-facilitators-to-disclosing-sexual-abuse-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Charlotte Lemaigre, Emily P Taylor, Claire Gittoes
Children and young people often choose not to disclose sexual abuse, thus preventing access to help and allowing perpetrators to continue undetected. A nuanced understanding of the barriers (and facilitators) to disclosure is therefore of great relevance to practitioners and researchers. The literature was systematically searched for studies related to child and adolescent disclosures of sexual abuse. Thirteen studies were reviewed and assessed for methodological quality. Results of the review illustrate the heterogeneous nature of these empirical studies...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549264/effectiveness-of-family-group-conferencing-in-preventing-repeat-referrals-to-child-protective-services-and-out-of-home-placements
#20
Dana M Hollinshead, Tyler W Corwin, Erin J Maher, Lisa Merkel-Holguin, Heather Allan, John D Fluke
Rigorous research on the efficacy of family group conferencing is rare. This randomized control trial study used an intent-to-treat approach to examine whether a referral to a family group conference (FGC) was associated with re-referrals, substantiated re-referrals, or out-of-home placements among child welfare-involved families receiving in-home services. We found no significant associations between treatment and control group assignment and the three outcomes for the sample as a whole. However, families with more children had higher odds of a re-referral and a substantiated re-referral, families with more than one parent had higher odds of re-referral, and families where a substance abuse services referral was noted had higher odds of out-of-home placement...
May 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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