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Child abuse prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528179/factors-related-to-a-negative-birth-experience-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Lena Henriksen, Elisabeth Grimsrud, Berit Schei, Mirjam Lukasse
OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to explore factors associated with a negative childbirth experience including descriptions from women themselves. DESIGN: we performed a mixed methods study based on data from the Norwegian cohort of the Bidens study, including a total of 1352 multiparous women. Quantitative information was analysed in addition to thematic analysis of 103 free-text comments provided by women with a prior negative childbirth experience. KEY FINDINGS: the total prevalence of a negative birth experience was 21...
May 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500924/caregiver-parenting-and-gender-attitudes-associations-with-violence-against-adolescent-girls-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#2
Kathryn L Falb, Khudejha Asghar, Betsy Laird, Sophie Tanner, Elizabeth Graybill, Pamela Mallinga, Lindsay Stark
Violence against adolescent girls occurs at alarmingly high rates in conflict-affected settings, in part due to their increased vulnerability from their age and gender. However, humanitarian programming efforts have historically focused either on child abuse prevention or intimate partner violence prevention and have not fully addressed the specific needs of adolescent girls, including engagement of caregivers to reduce risk of violence against adolescent girls. Thus, the objectives of this analysis are to examine the whether gendered and parental attitudes of caregivers in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) were associated with their adolescent girls' experiences of violence and girls' attitudes towards IPV...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499408/organizational-theory-for-dissemination-and-implementation-research
#3
Sarah A Birken, Alicia C Bunger, Byron J Powell, Kea Turner, Alecia S Clary, Stacey L Klaman, Yan Yu, Daniel J Whitaker, Shannon R Self, Whitney L Rostad, Jenelle R Shanley Chatham, M Alexis Kirk, Christopher M Shea, Emily Haines, Bryan J Weiner
BACKGROUND: Even under optimal internal organizational conditions, implementation can be undermined by changes in organizations' external environments, such as fluctuations in funding, adjustments in contracting practices, new technology, new legislation, changes in clinical practice guidelines and recommendations, or other environmental shifts. Internal organizational conditions are increasingly reflected in implementation frameworks, but nuanced explanations of how organizations' external environments influence implementation success are lacking in implementation research...
May 12, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498730/exploring-the-association-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-maternal-health-and-child-behavior-following-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Nina Fredland, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, John Maddoux
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been empirically linked to a host of negative health outcomes, both physical and psychosocial. Exposures to ACEs make individuals more susceptible to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, and depression. Many of these conditions do not appear until sometime in adolescence or adulthood and have been linked to premature death. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between the number and type of exposure to ACEs in women (mothers) who experienced intimate partner violence and health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493091/-violence-against-the-elderly-in-domestic-care-settings-short-profile-of-an-interdisciplinary-research-project
#5
REVIEW
Anna Schwedler, Nadine Konopik, Lukas Heber, Marina Wellenhofer, Frank Oswald, Gisela Zenz, Ludwig Salgo
Most elderly people wish to remain and be cared for in their own home. Approximately 1.38 million people in Germany are cared for without professional support. However, domestic care by relatives can be a risk factor for violence against the elderly. This research project deals with the issue from a legal and social sciences perspective. The aim of the project is to develop a regulatory framework providing aid-oriented prevention and intervention in the family care of vulnerable elderly people by public agencies and courts...
May 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486161/in-house-consultation-to-support-professionals-responses-to-child-abuse-and-neglect-determinants-of-professionals-use-and-the-association-with-guideline-adherence
#6
Annemieke A J Konijnendijk, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Anna H Kaya, Maria E Haasnoot, Ariana Need
This study examined the presence and strengths of determinants associated with consultation of an in-house expert on child abuse and neglect (CAN) by preventive child health care professionals who suspect CAN. This study also assessed the relationship between in-house CAN expert consultation and professionals' performance of six recommended activities described in a national guideline on preventing CAN for preventive child health care professionals. A total of 154 professionals met the study's inclusion criteria...
May 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486160/predictors-of-substantiated-re-reports-in-a-sample-of-children-with-initial-unsubstantiated-reports
#7
Merav Jedwab, Donna Harrington, Howard Dubowitz
Many children with unsubstantiated reports of child abuse and neglect repeatedly return to the child protection system, indicating that unsubstantiated reports may represent actual child maltreatment or risk for future maltreatment. Identifying patterns of re-reporting and predictors that may be associated with later substantiated re-reporting could help to identify children who are very likely to be maltreated. This knowledge may guide the development of policies and interventions to prevent further maltreatment and the risk for re-reports...
May 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477105/erratum-to-parenting-programs-for-the-prevention-of-child-physical-abuse-recurrence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Kristina Vlahovicova, G J Melendez-Torres, Patty Leijten, Wendy Knerr, Frances Gardner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468069/-association-between-supporting-child-and-elder-abuse-in-china
#9
X Wen, Y K Hu, P He, Z J Wang, X Y Zheng
Objective: To examine the association between child-supporting from their folks and elder abuse in China so as to provide evidence for prevention and control of elder abuse. Methods: Based on the third survey on the Status of Chinese women, organized by the All-China Women's Federation and the National Bureau of Statistics, 7 159 residents aged 65 and older were included and general information on supporting child and elder abuse were gathered. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to investigate the association between supporting child from elderly and elder abuse...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463945/epidemiology-of-fractures-in-children-younger-than-12-months
#10
Diana Rodà, Victoria Trenchs, Ana Isabel Curcoy, Anibal Dolores Martínez, Jordi Pou, Carles Luaces
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and characteristics of fractures in young infants attended at the pediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS: This is a retrospective study for 2 years (2011-2012) of children younger than 12 months attended with a fracture at the PED. Age, sex, site and type of fracture, mechanism of injury, time interval before seeking medical attention, and management were analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred one patients were included...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460367/a-retrospective-study-with-icast-r-ispcan-child-abuse-screening-tools-retrospective-questionnaire-for-determination-of-child-abuse-in-first-year-medical-students-in-turkish-population
#11
Erdem Simsek, Sevay Alsen Guney, Serpil Ugur Baysal
Child Abuse and Neglect (CAN) is an important problem both in Turkey and worldwide. Unfortunately, we still don't have enough and reliable data on this important subject. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of childhood maltreatment in a population of first year medical students in a Turkish university using the retrospective version of the ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool (ICAST-R). One hundred seventy three first year medical students, aged between 18 and 24 years, who agreed to complete the ICAST-R questionnaire, were recruited in our study...
April 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458262/the-relationship-between-hiv-maternal-childhood-sexual-abuse-survival-and-parental-sexual-communication-among-african-american-women-18-24
#12
Sarita K Davis
This commentary outlines the incidence of HIV among African American women 18-24. The relationship between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), poor maternal-child sexual health communication, and HIV is also explored. Recommendations for further and HIV prevention education are examined for this understudied area.
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448813/adverse-childhood-experiences-mental-health-and-excessive-alcohol-use-examination-of-race-ethnicity-and-sex-differences
#13
Rosalyn D Lee, Jieru Chen
Responses from N=60,598 interviews from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (the 10 states and the District of Columbia that included the optional Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) module) were used to test whether associations between childhood adversity and adult mental health and alcohol behaviors vary by race/ethnicity and sex. ACE items were categorized into two types - household challenges and child abuse. Outcomes were current depression, diagnosed depression, heavy drinking and binge drinking...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442194/a-child-abuse-research-network-now-what
#14
Daniel M Lindberg, Philip V Scribano
As foundational work in preparation for a sustainable, multi-center network devoted to child abuse medical research, we recently used a combination of survey and modified Delphi methodologies to determine research priorities for future multi-center studies. Avoiding missed diagnoses, and improving selected/indicated prevention were the topics rated most highly in terms of research priority. Several constructive commentaries in this issue identify the key challenges which must be overcome to ensure a successful network...
April 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440693/maternal-history-of-child-abuse-and-obesity-risk-in-offspring-mediation-by-weight-in-pregnancy
#15
Stephanie A Leonard, Lucia C Petito, David H Rehkopf, Lorrene D Ritchie, Barbara Abrams
BACKGROUND: Women's experience of childhood adversity may contribute to their children's risk of obesity. Possible causal pathways include higher maternal weight and gestational weight gain, which have been associated with both maternal childhood adversity and obesity in offspring. METHODS: This study included 6718 mother-child pairs from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 in the United States (1979-2012). We applied multiple log-binomial regression models to estimate associations between three markers of childhood adversity (physical abuse, household alcoholism, and household mental illness) and offspring obesity in childhood...
April 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433205/federal-research-priorities-in-child-abuse-and-neglect-research-a-commentary-on-multi-site-research-networks
#16
Valerie Maholmes
The National Institutes of Health has a long history of supporting investigator initiated child abuse research, including risk-factor studies on prevalence, course and consequences of child abuse and neglect. These studies laid the ground work for prevention research as well as the development and testing of therapeutic interventions. The newly established Pediatric Trauma and Critical Illness Branch at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development represents a new opportunity to call attention to the need for greater collaboration among researchers to build on prior work, pursue complex lines of inquiry, address more medically focused research and new clinical questions that will heighten the awareness of the unique needs for treatment and care of abused children...
April 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427370/child-sex-tourism-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-its-use-in-a-german-community-sample
#17
Thula Koops, Daniel Turner, Janina Neutze, Peer Briken
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of child sex tourism (CST) in a large German community sample, and to compare those who made use of CST with other child sexual abusers regarding established characteristics and risk factors for child sexual abuse. METHODS: Adult German men were recruited through a German market research panel and questioned by means of an anonymous online survey. Group assignment was accomplished based on information on previous sexual contacts with children and previous use of CST...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413921/preventing-the-onset-of-child-sexual-abuse-by-targeting-young-adolescents-with-universal-prevention-programming
#18
Elizabeth J Letourneau, Cindy M Schaeffer, Catherine P Bradshaw, Kenneth A Feder
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious public health problem that increases risk for physical and mental health problems across the life course. Young adolescents are responsible for a substantial portion of CSA offending, yet to our knowledge, no validated prevention programs that target CSA perpetration by youth exist. Most existing efforts to address CSA rely on reactive criminal justice policies or programs that teach children to protect themselves; neither approach is well validated. Given the high rates of desistance from sexual offending following a youth's first CSA-related adjudication, it seems plausible that many youth could be prevented from engaging in their first offense...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413210/acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism-in-a-case-of-fatal-child-abuse
#19
R Rahimi, Z F Zulkifli, E Omar, H Ismail, S Md Noor
Child abuse is a worldwide problem. The four major types of abuse include physical abuse, child neglect, psychological maltreatment and sexual violence. We describe a fatal case of child abuse which presented with numerous old and recent soft tissue injuries all over the body. The injuries on the legs have immobilized the victim for quite some time, giving rise to deep vein thrombosis, leading to death as a result of acute pulmonary thromboembolism. This case demonstrates presence of both elements of abuse and neglect in one victim...
April 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407233/language-disorder-and-retrospectively-reported-sexual-abuse-of-girls-severity-and-disclosure
#20
E B Brownlie, Eva Graham, Lin Bao, Emiko Koyama, Joseph H Beitchman
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence for an association between communication disorders and maltreatment, little research has examined sexual abuse characteristics or disclosure experiences among individuals with language disorder (LD). Given that communication difficulties may constitute a barrier to disclosure, the disclosure experiences among individuals with and without communication difficulties may also differ. METHODS: Five-year-old children identified with a language and/or speech disorder from a nonclinical community sample and a control group were followed to adulthood in a prospective longitudinal study...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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