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Kalliopi Dritsakou, Paraskevi Massara, Nikolaos Skourlis, Georgios Liosis, Maria Skouroliakou
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of maternal diet, personal characteristics and willingness to breast-feed on breastfeeding duration of hospitalized neonates as well as to evaluate the mothers' dietetic intake based on the national recommendations. METHODS: A sample of 161 pregnant women from Athens, Greece was followed up during pregnancy, labor and the first 40 weeks of lactation. The participants attended breastfeeding classes and were interviewed regarding their nutritional habits, personal characteristics and breastfeeding intention...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
R Crippa, M Paglia, F Ferrante, A Ottonello, F Angiero
: BACKGROUND Often breastfeeding problems experienced by mothers and their babies may be attributed to the abnormal attachment of the infant's tongue (ankyloglossia) and/or maxillary lip-tie. Proper breastfeeding depends upon an infant's ability to correctly latch onto its mother's breast. If born with oral soft tissue abnormalities such as tongue-tie or lip-tie, it may be almost impossible for the infant to breastfeed. During the oral evaluation of an infant presenting with breastfeeding problems, one factor that is often overlooked and undiagnosed - and thus untreated - is the attachment of the upper lip to the maxillary gingival tissue...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
K L Darwent, R J McInnes, V Swanson
BACKGROUND: Family culture and beliefs are passed through the generations within families and influence what constitutes appropriate infant care. This includes infant feeding decisions where a family history and support network congruent with women's infant feeding intentions has been shown to be important to women's breastfeeding experience. This is reflected in breastfeeding rates where women who were not breastfed themselves are less likely to initiate and continue with breastfeeding...
October 19, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Chiara Peila, Nikki E Emmerik, Marzia Giribaldi, Bernd Stahl, Joost E Ruitenberg, Ruurd M van Elburg, Guido E Moro, Enrico Bertino, Alessandra Coscia, Laura Cavallarin
OBJECTIVES: Pasteurization, performed at 62.5°C for 30 min (holder pasteurization), is currently recommended in all international human milk banks guidelines, but it affects some human milk bioactive and nutritive components. The present systematic review is aimed at critically reviewing evidence on the suitability of human milk processing techniques other than holder pasteurization, both thermal and non-thermal, to ensure microbiological safety, and on the effects of these techniques on biologically active donor milk components...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Ugochinyere Vivian Ukah, Prince A Adu, Dane A De Silva, Peter von Dadelszen
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is strongly recommended by the World Health Organization. Given the low rate of exclusive breastfeeding in Canada and the increasing reports of a history of adverse childhood experiences, this study sought to investigate the association between a history of adverse childhood experiences and breastfeeding initiation and breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data used for this study were based on the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey, collected using a cross-sectional survey...
October 11, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Meley Woldeghebriel, Amber Hromi-Fiedler, Anna Lartey, Daniel Gallego-Perez, Adam Sandow, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
While literature describing immigrant's breastfeeding practices exists, especially among those living within developed countries, there is a significant gap in knowledge on how the host culture may influence the EBF behaviors of refugees, especially those living in protracted situations within sub-Saharan Africa. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Buduburam Refugee Settlement in Ghana from July-August 2008 to explore the association between the amount of time living in Ghana and exclusive breastfeeding practices among Liberian refugees and Ghanaians in surround villages...
October 11, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Yvonne L Hauck, Ingrid Blixt, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Louise Gallagher, Christine Rubertsson, Brooke Thomson, Lucy Lewis
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding initiation rates in some developed countries are high (98 % in Sweden and 96 % in Australia) whereas in others, they are not as favourable (46 % to 55 % in Ireland). Although the World Health Organization recommends exclusively breastfeeding for six months, 15 % of Australian women, 11 % of Swedish women and less than 7 % of Irish women achieve this goal. Awareness of what women in different countries perceive as essential breastfeeding support is a gap in our knowledge...
October 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
Anteneh Girma Minas, Makombo Ganga-Limando
BACKGROUND: Despite the presence of high impact interventions to improve infant and young child feeding, only about 52% of mothers in Ethiopia exclusively breastfeed their child for the first six months after delivery. Although the decision to breastfeed a child is ultimately that of the mother, this decision could be influenced by a variety of factors including social-cognitive ones. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to describe the breastfeeding behaviour of primiparous mothers during their prenatal period in terms of intentions/goals, outcome expectancies, self-efficacy, and socio-structural factors and assess their exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices as well as identify the social-cognitive predictors of EBF practices among these mothers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2016: PloS One
Laura Lauria, Angela Spinelli, Michele Grandolfo
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is widely recommended. Updated data are needed to assess its prevalence and the effectiveness of interventions. Breastfeeding practices in Italy need to be promoted and monitored with updated and standard data The objective of this study is to provide estimates of the prevalence of breastfeeding and exclusively breastfeeding and to identify factors that may be modified to improve them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two population-based follow-up surveys were conducted to evaluate the quality of maternal care in 25 Local Health Units (LHUs) in Italy during 2008-2011...
July 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Lisa Mondzelewski, Sheila Gahagan, Christine Johnson, Hala Madanat, Kyung Rhee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Newborn circumcision, particularly in the first 24 hours of life, has been thought to adversely affect breastfeeding initiation. However, no studies specifically support an association between early circumcision and difficulty with breastfeeding initiation or maintenance. This study was designed to determine whether timing of newborn circumcision affects rates of exclusive breastfeeding during the first 2 weeks of life. METHODS: A retrospective study of 797 newborn boys and their mothers was conducted at a large military hospital...
October 3, 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Paula Rodríguez-Alessi, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
The problems of suction in newborns give rise to multiple consequences for both the mother and the newborn. The objective of this paper is to present a case of ankyloglossia ("tongue-tie") and the suction problems that were treated by a multidisciplinary team. The subject is a 17-day-old male patient, with ankyloglossia and suction problems during breastfeeding (pain in the breastfeeding mother, poor weight gain, and long breastfeeds). The patient followed the circuit established in our centre between the services of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Breastfeeding and Speech Therapy and Orofacial Rehabilitation (CELERE)...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Anne Fallon, Deirdre Van der Putten, Cindy Dring, Edina H Moylett, Gerard Fealy, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Baby-led breastfeeding is recommended as best practice in determining the frequency and duration of a breastfeed. An alternative approach is described as scheduled, where breastfeeding is timed and restricted in frequency and duration. It is necessary to review the evidence that supports current recommendations, so that women are provided with high-quality evidence to inform their feeding decisions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of baby-led compared with scheduled (or mixed) breastfeeding for successful breastfeeding, for healthy newborns...
September 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Cecilia Tomori, Aunchalee E L Palmquist, Sally Dowling
Recent public health breastfeeding promotion efforts have galvanized media debates about breastfeeding in wealthy, Euro-American settings. A growing body of research demonstrates that while breastfeeding is increasingly viewed as important for health, mothers continue to face significant structural and cultural barriers. Concerns have been raised about the moralizing aspects of breastfeeding promotion and its detrimental effects on those who do not breastfeed. Far less, however, is known about the moral experiences of those who pursue breastfeeding...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Melissa C Bartick, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Brittany D Green, Briana J Jegier, Arnold G Reinhold, Tarah T Colaizy, Debra L Bogen, Andrew J Schaefer, Alison M Stuebe
The aim of this study was to quantify the excess cases of pediatric and maternal disease, death, and costs attributable to suboptimal breastfeeding rates in the United States. Using the current literature on the associations between breastfeeding and health outcomes for nine pediatric and five maternal diseases, we created Monte Carlo simulations modeling a hypothetical cohort of U.S. women followed from age 15 to age 70 years and their children from birth to age 20 years. We examined disease outcomes using (a) 2012 breastfeeding rates and (b) assuming that 90% of infants were breastfed according to medical recommendations...
September 19, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Feng Zhang, Haiou Xia, Meiyun Shen, Xia Li, Ling Qin, Hongmei Gu, Xujuan Xu
BACKGROUND: Suction pressure has been reported to be a key driving force of lactation. An infant's sucking at its mother's breasts is the major stimulus to post-natal prolactin (PRL) secretion, and PRL is the essential hormone for lactation and milk production. It is unknown what role suction pressure has in PRL secretion and milk supply postnatally. OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between the suction pressure, PRL level, lactation, and milk supply in breastfeeding mother-infant dyads...
September 19, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Naila Ramji, James Quinlan, Phil Murphy, Joan M G Crane
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rate of any breastfeeding at the time of postpartum hospital discharge between obese women (BMI ≥ 30.00 kg/m(2)) and women with a normal BMI (18.50 to 24.99 kg/m(2)). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women with live, singleton pregnancies who delivered in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador between 2002 and 2011, using data from the Newfoundland and Labrador provincial perinatal registry. The primary outcome was any breastfeeding at the time of discharge from hospital...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Elizabeth Reifsnider, Jenna Flowers, Michael Todd, Jennie Bever Babendure, Michael Moramarco
OBJECTIVE: To determine if symptoms of postpartum depression and postpartum weight varied according to the level of breastfeeding among women of Mexican origin at 1 month and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: Secondary quantitative analysis to study the differences in postpartum weight and depression among the mothers in the study who breastfed and those who did not. SETTING: A heavily Hispanic community located in a major Southwestern U.S. city...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Marta Díaz-Gómez, María Ruzafa-Martínez, Susana Ares, Isabel Espiga, Concepción De Alba
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding for its multiple benefits is the best cost-effective health intervention and should be a public health priority. The aim of this study was to determine motivations and barriers perceived by mothers to initiate or to maintain breastfeeding. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study was carried in 2013 out among 569 mothers resident in Spain, with children under the age of 2, who completed a structured questionnaire. A two-stage sampling, stratified by Autonomous Communities and non-probabilistic within each community was used...
2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Rebecca M Zash, Roger L Shapiro, Jean Leidner, Carolyn Wester, Alexander J McAdam, Richard L Hodinka, Ibou Thior, Claire Moffat, Joseph Makhema, Kenneth McIntosh, Max Essex, Shahin Lockman
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea and pneumonia are common causes of childhood death in sub-Saharan Africa but there are few studies describing specific pathogens. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to describe the pathogens associated with diarrhoea, pneumonia and oropharyngeal colonization in children born to HIV-infected women (HIV-exposed infants). METHODS: The Mashi Study randomized 1200 HIV-infected women and their infants to breastfeed for 6 months with ZDV prophylaxis or formula-feed with 4 weeks of ZDV...
August 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Anndrea Flint, Karen New, Mark W Davies
BACKGROUND: Breast milk provides optimal nutrition for term and preterm infants, and the ideal way for infants to receive breast milk is through suckling at the breast. Unfortunately, this may not always be possible for medical or physiological reasons such as being born sick or preterm and as a result requiring supplemental feeding. Currently, there are various ways in which infants can receive supplemental feeds. Traditionally in neonatal and maternity units, bottles and nasogastric tubes have been used; however, cup feeding is becoming increasingly popular as a means of offering supplemental feeds in an attempt to improve breastfeeding rates...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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