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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215560/-determined-to-breastfeed-a-case-study-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-using-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#1
Samantha J Charlick, Andrea Fielder, Jan Pincombe, Lois McKellar
BACKGROUND: Given the significant benefits of breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Despite numerous strategies aimed at increasing the percentage of babies who are exclusively breastfed, Australia currently has one of the lowest six-month exclusive breastfeeding rates in the developed world. Notably, most research focuses on the early postnatal period (birth-two months) yet the largest decline in exclusive breastfeeding rates is observed between two and six months...
February 16, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203331/mothers-attitudes-toward-feeding-twin-babies-in-the-first-six-months-of-life-a-sample-from-sakarya-turkey
#2
Nursan Cinar, Dilek Kose, Muge Alvur, Ozlem Dogu
BACKGROUND: It is stated in the literature that a mother's breast milk is sufficient for more than one baby. OBJECTIVES: This descriptive study aimed to determine whether twin babies are breastfed during their first six months of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the twin birth cases in a state hospital in Sakarya, Turkey between October 2011 and March 2013. The population of the study consisted of entire mothers who had delivered twins in the maternity ward of the hospital...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196329/breastfeeding-mode-and-risk-of-breast-cancer
#3
Mishel Unar-Munguía, Gabriela Torres-Mejía, M Arantxa Colchero, Teresita González de Cosío
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding reduces women's risk of breast cancer. Since exclusive breastfeeding has a stronger hormonal effect, it could theoretically result in a greater reduction in breast cancer risk than any breastfeeding mode. No meta-analysis has examined breast cancer risk by breastfeeding mode. Research aim: The authors conducted a meta-analysis for breast cancer risk in parous women who breastfed exclusively or in any mode versus parous women who formula fed their infants, and they estimated the summary dose-response association by the accumulated duration of any breastfeeding mode...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194877/focused-breastfeeding-counselling-improves-short-and-long-term-success-in-an-early-discharge-setting-a-cluster-randomized-study
#4
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Christopher H Knight, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Hanne Kronborg
Length of postnatal hospitalization has decreased and has been shown to be associated with infant nutritional problems and increase in readmissions. We aimed to evaluate if guidelines for breastfeeding counselling in an early discharge hospital setting had an effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant readmission and breastfeeding duration. A cluster randomized trial was conducted and assigned nine maternity settings in Denmark to intervention or usual care. Women were eligible if they expected a single infant, intended to breastfeed, were able to read Danish, and expected to be discharged within 50 hr postnatally...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188249/breastfeeding-and-defeasible-duties-to-benefit
#5
Fiona Woollard, Lindsey Porter
For many women experiencing motherhood for the first time, the message they receive is clear: mothers who do not breastfeed ought to have good reasons not to; bottle feeding by choice is a failure of maternal duty. We argue that this pressure to breastfeed arises in part from two misconceptions about maternal duty: confusion about the scope of the duty to benefit and conflation between moral reasons and duties. While mothers have a general duty to benefit, we argue that this does not imply a duty to carry out any particular beneficent act...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181214/aspirin-single-dose-for-perineal-pain-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#6
REVIEW
Sujana Molakatalla, Emily Shepherd, Rosalie M Grivell
BACKGROUND: Perineal trauma (due to spontaneous tears, surgical incision (episiotomy) or in association with operative vaginal birth) is common after vaginal birth, and is often associated with postpartum perineal pain. Birth over an intact perineum may also lead to perineal pain. There are adverse health consequences associated with perineal pain for the women and their babies in the short- and long-term, and the pain may interfere with newborn care and the establishment of breastfeeding...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177150/commentary-the-skeleton-is-a-storehouse-of-mineral-that-is-plundered-during-lactation-and-fully-replenished-afterwards
#7
Christopher S Kovacs
During lactation, mammals resorb mineral from the maternal skeleton to provide calcium to milk. Rodents lose 25-35% of skeletal ash weight, ash calcium content, and bone mineral content by DXA, and have compromised material properties of bone, as assessed by crushing vertebrae and 3-pt bend tests of femora or tibiae. The strength, stiffness, and toughness of vertebrae, femora, and tibiae are reduced by as much as 60%. The effects of lactation are not uniform throughout the skeleton, but instead resorption is much more marked in the trabecular-rich spine than in the appendicular skeleton or whole body...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176013/impact-of-reproductive-factors-on-breast-cancer-subtypes-in-postmenopausal-women-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#8
Alexandra von Au, Mona Klotzbuecher, Lorenz Uhlmann, Mark Boudewijns, Laura Michel, Markus Wallwiener, Joerg Heil, Michael Golatta, Joachim Rom, Christof Sohn, Andreas Schneeweiss, Florian Schuetz, Christoph Domschke
PURPOSE: Some reproductive factors are well-known general risk factors for breast cancer (BC). On the other hand, BC subtypes also have a high prognostic value. Correlations, however, that link these risk factors to the development of a particular one of the different BC subtypes are still poorly understood. The primary objective of our study was to assess the influence of different reproductive factors (duration of breastfeeding, parity, and age at first childbirth) on pathological BC subtypes...
February 7, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169972/breastfeeding-and-infant-hospitalisation-for-infections-large-cohort-and-sibling-analysis
#9
Ketil Størdal, Karen M Lundeby, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Margaretha Haugen, Britt Nakstad, Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Lars C Stene
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding may protect against infections, but its optimal duration remains controversial. We aimed to study the association of the duration of full and any breastfeeding with infections the first 18 months of life. METHODS: The Norwegian Mother and Child study (MoBa) is a prospective birth cohort which recruited expecting mothers giving birth from 2000-2009. We analyzed data from the full cohort (n = 70 511) and sibling sets (n = 21 220) with parental report of breastfeeding and infections...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167513/should-we-pay-mothers-who-receive-wic-to-breastfeed
#10
Lydia Furman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144768/variation-of-human-milk-glucocorticoids-over-24%C3%A2-hour-period
#11
Shikha Pundir, Clare R Wall, Cameron J Mitchell, Eric B Thorstensen, Ching T Lai, Donna T Geddes, David Cameron-Smith
Human milk (HM) contains a complex array of hormones, including members of the glucocorticoid family. The predominant glucocorticoids, cortisol and cortisone may influence the growth and behaviour of the breastfed infant. However, little is understood of the factors regulating the levels of these hormones within HM. The aim of the study was to examine HM cortisol and cortisone concentration, measured in samples collected at each feed during a 24 hour period. Twenty three exclusively breastfeeding mothers collected milk, prior to and after each breastfeeding session over 24 hour period at 3...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137541/an-integrative-review-of-breastfeeding-duration-and-influencing-factors-among-women-serving-active-duty-in-the-u-s-military
#12
REVIEW
Andrea L Farwell
OBJECTIVE: To determine what is known about breastfeeding duration among active-duty servicewomen and to identify factors related to military employment that facilitate or inhibit breastfeeding DATA SOURCES: Literature searches using CINAHL and MEDLINE were conducted with the keywords military and breastfeeding for articles published from January 2000 through May 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Abstracts and full-text research articles were retrieved and analyzed that met the inclusion criteria: English language, U...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135484/education-attainment-and-parity-explain-the-relationship-between-maternal-age-and-breastfeeding-duration-in-u-s-mothers
#13
Mackenzie D M Whipps
BACKGROUND: Prior research in high-income countries finds that young mothers tend to breastfeed their infants for shorter durations than older mothers; however, there are gaps in our understanding of the processes by which age influences breastfeeding. Research aim: The primary objective of this study was to test the mediating effects of parity and education attainment on the association between maternal age and two breastfeeding outcomes: total duration and duration of exclusive breastfeeding...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135478/likelihood-of-breastfeeding-within-the-usda-s-food-and-nutrition-service-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-population
#14
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Mica Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an important public health initiative. Low-income women benefiting from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are a prime population for breastfeeding promotion efforts. Research aim: This study aims to determine factors associated with increased likelihood of breastfeeding for WIC participants. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement guided the systematic review of literature...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135477/an-exploratory-thematic-analysis-of-the-breastfeeding-experience-of-students-at-a-canadian-university
#15
Jenna Mackenzie West, Jessica Power, Kathryn Hayward, Phillip Joy
BACKGROUND: The demographic of today's university student includes breastfeeding mothers. Few studies have examined the breastfeeding experience that women face upon their return to school. Research aim: The purpose of this research was to explore the breastfeeding experience of students on a university campus. METHODS: This qualitative study used semistructured interviews. Responses were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded according to common themes using MAXQDA software...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135475/effect-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-a-support-person-on-maternal-feeding-choice
#16
Courtney Thomas, Mary Ann O'Riordan, Lydia Furman
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates among urban, low-income populations are lower than the national average, and social support can affect breastfeeding initiation and duration both positively and negatively. Research aim: This study aimed to determine the effect of the presence of a support person and breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes of that person on a mother's feeding choice and perceived level of support for her choice. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to 192 mothers receiving care for their infants in the Pediatric Practice at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, along with 74 adults accompanying these mothers...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135474/a-critical-review-of-instruments-measuring-breastfeeding-attitudes-knowledge-and-social-support
#17
Corrine S Casal, Ann Lei, Sera L Young, Emily L Tuthill
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding provides beneficial health outcomes for infants and their mothers, and increasing its practice is a national priority in many countries. Despite increasing support to exclusively breastfeed, the prevalence at 6 months remains low. Breastfeeding behavior is influenced by a myriad of determinants, including breastfeeding attitudes, knowledge, and social support. Effective measurement of these determinants is critical to provide optimal support for women throughout the breastfeeding period...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122933/formula-feeding-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-african-children-is-associated-with-faster-growth-in-length-during-the-first-6-months-of-life-in-the-kesho-bora-study
#18
Kirsten A Bork, Cécile Cames, Marie-Louise Newell, Jennifer S Read, Kossiwavi Ayassou, Faith Musyoka, Grace Mbatia, Amandine Cournil
BACKGROUND: Early feeding patterns may affect the growth of HIV-exposed children and thus their subsequent health and cognition. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association of infant feeding (IF) mode with length-for-age z score (LAZ) and stunting from age 2 d to 18 mo in HIV-exposed African children within a controlled randomized trial, which evaluated triple antiretrovirals initiated during pregnancy and continued for 6 mo postpartum to prevent HIV transmission. METHODS: HIV-infected pregnant women with CD4(+) counts of 200-500 cells/mm(3) from Burkina Faso, Kenya, and South Africa were advised to exclusively breastfeed for up to 6 mo or to formula-feed from birth...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112971/the-relationship-of-knowledge-and-breastfeeding-practice-to-maternal-bmi
#19
Aliye Ozenoglu, Pinar Sokulmez Kaya, Canan Asal Ulus, Kamil Alakus
This study aimed to investigate the effect of breastfeeding on maternal BMI and evaluate mothers' knowledge of infant feeding in Samsun, Turkey. A total of 289 mothers who had children ranging from 0 to 2 years of age and applied to the Family Health Centers were included in the study. The mothers filled out a questionnaire covering sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge on infant feeding. The data was evaluated using the SPSS with the descriptive statistics, the Student t-test, the chi-square test, and multiple linear regression analyses...
January 23, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110518/low-rates-of-predominant-breastfeeding-in-hospital-after-gestational-diabetes-particularly-among-indigenous-women-in-australia
#20
Catherine R Chamberlain, Alyce N Wilson, Lisa H Amir, Kerin O'Dea, Sandra Campbell, Dympna Leonard, Rebecca Ritte, Mary Mulcahy, Sandra Eades, Rory Wolfe
OBJECTIVES: To investigate rates of 'any' and 'predominant' breastfeeding in hospital among Indigenous and non-Indigenous women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A retrospective study of singleton infants born from July 2007 to December 2010 at Cairns Hospital, Australia, following GDM pregnancy, using linked hospital and birth data (n=617 infants), with a subsample of medical record reviews (n=365 infants). Aggregate data were used to compare to breastfeeding rates among infants born following non-GDM pregnancy (n=7,894 infants)...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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