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Miguel A Marín Gabriel, Ana M Malalana Martínez, Ibone Olza Fernández
Lithium therapy is currently a cornerstone of treatment for mothers who suffer bipolar disorders. Those who wish to breastfeed their children are often told they have to decide whether modifying the treatment for their disorder or even avoiding lactation. Lithium administration during breastfeeding has been described to produce certain side effects such as thyroid disorders, hypothermia and hypotonia. To our knowledge, there are few publications where infants have no laboratory abnormalities. Here we present the case of an infant without renal or thyroid alteration while he was breastfed...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Jacqueline H Wolf
In the late 19th-century United States and Europe, infants died at high rates from diarrhea. Physicians and social justice advocates responded to the public health crisis with attempts to clean up the water and cows' milk supplies, as well as social welfare legislation and assorted educational efforts to help mothers better care for their children. Most visible among the educational efforts were breastfeeding campaigns. A century later in developing countries, physicians and activists were confronted with a similar problem-infants dying from diarrhea due to the unethical advertising and marketing practices of formula companies...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Bernard Yeboah-Asiamah Asare, Joyce Veronica Preko, Diana Baafi, Bismark Dwumfour-Asare
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is important for child health and growth, but its practice is low in many developing countries. This study aimed at determining the breastfeeding practices and examining the sociodemographic characteristics that influence exclusive breastfeeding among mothers attending child welfare clinic at Manhean, in the Tema East Sub-Meteropolitan area of Greater Accra region of Ghana. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that employed a structured questionnaire to collect data among 355 mothers of children aged 0-24 months selected through simple random sampling, attending a child welfare clinic from May to June, 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Xiaohai Liu, Yang Liu, Jun Gao, Ming Feng, Xinjie Bao, Kan Deng, Yong Yao, Renzhi Wang
BACKGROUND: Prolactinomas are the most common functional pituitary adenomas, and dopamine agonists (DAs) are the primary therapy. However, some patients are resistant to DAs. Recently, metformin has been proposed as a cancer treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: This study is a retrospective review of two cases, including one patient with prolactinoma who was resistant to bromocriptine, diagnosed with impaired glucose tolerance and administered metformin. Surprisingly, combining the patient's treatment with metformin decreased prolactin (PRL) levels to 12 ng/ml and had significantly decreased the size of the tumor after one year of combination therapy...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Raewyn Johnson, Pauline Ansley, Fiona Doolan-Noble, Erin Turley, Tim Stokes
BACKGROUND New Zealand (NZ) has a high rate of breastfeeding initiation, declining sharply during the first six months. Although there is a range of support available to breastfeeding mothers, access can be problematic in rural areas. To extend the accessibility of breastfeeding support to rural women, a Primary Health Organisation established a breastfeeding peer supporters (BPS) programme (Mum4Mum - M4M). OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to gain an understanding of the impact of the BPS training programme on participants, as well as understanding how they utilised the information, both personally and in their communities...
June 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
Sophie Dupont
Catamenial epilepsy, defined as the exacerbation of the frequency of seizures in a given phase of the menstrual cycle, affects 35% of women. In women with catamenial epilepsy with perimenstrual seizures, progesterone therapy may be effective. In case of enzyme inducer AEDs, hormonal contraception is deprecated (estroprogestative or progestative pill, progestative implant, patches or hormonal rings). Because of its high malformative teratogenic potential, its possible depressive cognitive effects and the autistic risk, sodium valproate is not indicated during pregnancy...
March 8, 2018: La Presse Médicale
Narges Alianmoghaddam, Suzanne Phibbs, Cheryl Benn
PURPOSE: Scant published qualitative literature exists focusing on why exclusive breastfeeding rates decline between three and six months. This study aims to develop an understanding of why exclusive breastfeeding tails off so dramatically between three and six months after birth in New Zealand. DESIGN AND METHODS: A generic qualitative methodology was employed in this study and social constructionism selected as the main epistemological framework underpinning the research...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Murad Hossain, Ashraful Islam, Tunku Kamarul, Golam Hossain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding offers incredible health benefits to both child and mother. It is suggested by World Health Organization that an able mother should practice and maintain exclusive breastfeeding for first six months of her infant's life. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding for first six months of an infant's life in Bangladesh. METHODS: Data was extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS-2014)...
March 2, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Casey Rosen-Carole, Katherine Allen, Maria Fagnano, Ann Dozier, Jill Halterman
BACKGROUND: Preliminary qualitative research in upstate NY shows new mothers are worried about safety while breastfeeding. Little is known regarding prevalence of these concerns and their effect on breastfeeding outcomes. OBJECTIVES: (1) Determine frequency of breastfeeding safety and privacy concerns; (2) Explore their association with breastfeeding outcomes. METHODS: Mothers were surveyed immediately and 1-month postpartum about breastfeeding goals; both surveys addressed privacy and safety concerns at home, work, and in public...
February 28, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
M Crettenand, A O Rossetti, T Buclin, U Winterfeld
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the passage of various antiepileptic drugs into breast milk and its consequences for the infant is limited. Faced with this uncertainty, breastfeeding is often discouraged for these patients. The aim of this study was to comprehensively review the available data regarding antiepileptic drugs during breastfeeding, to compare these data with information provided by the summary of product characteristics (SmPCs), and to provide recommendations for the use of these drugs in breastfeeding women...
February 27, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Jill Demirci, Erin Caplan, Beverly Brozanski, Debra Bogen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of breastfeeding (inclusive of breast milk expression/pumping, provision of breast milk via devices, and at-breastfeeding) among mothers of newborns with complex congenital surgical anomalies and the contexts under which pro-breastfeeding behaviors and attitudes are facilitated or compromised. STUDY DESIGN: We used qualitative description to analyze 23 interviews conducted with 15 mothers of newborns undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal, cardiac, or neural tube defects...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Sergio Verd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Elizabeth A Johnson-Young
Breastfeeding is one of the top maternal priorities for many organizations, including the World Health Organization (WHO), The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Focusing on the goals of Healthy People 2020, as well as the recommendations of other organizations, this paper investigates the impacts on women's intentions to breastfeed newborns for 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year. This research used the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a model to predict intentions for each duration of time...
February 27, 2018: Health Communication
Isvarya Venu, Meta van den Heuvel, Jonathan P Wong, Cornelia M Borkhoff, Rosemary G Moodie, Elizabeth L Ford-Jones, Peter D Wong
Mitigating the harmful effects of adverse social conditions is critical to promoting optimal health and development throughout the life course. Many Canadians worry over food access or struggle with household food insecurity. Public policy positions breastfeeding as a step toward eradicating poverty. Breastfeeding fulfills food security criteria by providing the infant access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets dietary needs and food preferences. Unfortunately, a breastfeeding paradox exists where infants of low-income families who would most gain from the health benefits, are least likely to breastfeed...
July 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Omar M Shaaban, Ahmed M Abbas, Hanaa R Mahmoud, Entsar M Yones, Ahmed Mahmoud, Mahmoud S Zakherah
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate the effect of the use of single packet of levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pills (LNG-ECPs) during breastfeeding on the health and development of the nursing infant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study was an ancillary observational cohort study carried out in a university hospital. We counseled all women delivered and planning birth-space and breastfeed for at least 1 year for participation during postpartum hospital stay...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Richard Mbusa Kambale, Jérémie Bisimwa Buliga, Nancy Francisca Isia, Adolphe Nyakasane Muhimuzi, Oreste Battisti, Bruno Masumbuko Mungo
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding can decrease neonatal mortality. However, about 50% of newborns are not breastfeed within 1 h of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding in an urban and rural area of Bukavu, South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: We interviewed 396 mother-newborn pairs (185 in the urban area and 211 in the rural area) between 20 July and 10 October 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Sunyoung Cho, Euna Han
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia, particularly hypercholesterolemia, has been reported to increase after pregnancy and menopause in Korea. This suggests the importance of the management of dyslipidemia in women for preventing cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of breastfeeding with 5 subtypes of dyslipidemia in Korean women aged over 20 years, by using the nationally representative Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2014...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Alexander Waits, Chao-Yu Guo, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Since 1992, breastfeeding promotion in Taiwan considerably raised the breastfeeding rates; however, more recent surveillance showed that breastfeeding indicators stagnated or even decreased. METHODS: We analyzed 6 cross-sectional national surveys of 69 159 postpartum women to examine the breastfeeding trends at 6 months postpartum during 2011-2016 in Taiwan and the contributing role of maternal and environmental factors. Data were collected through telephone interviews, using structured questionnaires with randomly selected mothers, who gave birth in those years...
February 16, 2018: Birth
Shanice A McKenzie, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Christine D Garner
BACKGROUND: Women face societal and cultural barriers to breastfeeding. These challenges have been investigated in international studies and U.S. public opinion polls; however, mothers' experiences with breastfeeding in public in the United States remain unexplored. Research aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of obese and normal-weight women with breastfeeding in public in central New York. METHODS: Pregnant women ( N = 26) in central New York who intended to breastfeed and were either normal weight or obese were enrolled during their third trimester...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Rebecca J Shlafer, Laurel Davis, Lauren A Hindt, Lorie S Goshin, Erica Gerrity
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative recommends that all mothers be shown how to breastfeed, even when mothers and newborns are separated. Most incarcerated women are separated from their infants after the postpartum hospital stay, creating barriers to breastfeeding. We examined breastfeeding among a sample of women participating in a prison-based pregnancy program. Quantitative data indicated that women who discussed breastfeeding with their doulas were more likely to initiate breastfeeding. Three qualitative themes were identified: Benefits of Breastfeeding, Barriers to Breastfeeding, and Role of the Doula...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
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