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Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136328/organ-preservation-in-rectal-cancer-a-synopsis-of-current-guidelines
#1
W A A Borstlap, S E van Oostendorp, C E L Klaver, D Hahnloser, C Cunningham, E Rullier, W A Bemelman, J B Tuynman, P J Tanis
BACKGROUND: The high morbidity associated with radical resection for rectal cancer is an incentive for surgeons to adopt strategies aimed at organ preservation, particularly for early disease. There are a number of different approaches to achieve this. In this study we have collated current national and international guidelines to produce a synopsis to support this changing practice. METHODS: The databases PubMed, Embase, Trip database, national guideline clearinghouse, BMJ Best practice were interrogated...
November 14, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059687/synopsis-of-the-2017-u-s-department-of-veterans-affairs-u-s-department-of-defense-clinical-practice-guideline-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Paul R Conlin, Jeffrey Colburn, David Aron, Rose Mary Pries, Mark P Tschanz, Leonard Pogach
Description: In April 2017, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) approved a joint clinical practice guideline for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: The VA/DoD Evidence-Based Practice Work Group convened a joint VA/DoD guideline development effort that included a multidisciplinary panel of practicing clinician stakeholders and conformed to the Institute of Medicine's tenets for trustworthy clinical practice guidelines...
November 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974331/major-publications-in-the-critical-care-pharmacotherapy-literature-january-december-2016
#3
REVIEW
Deanna Horner, Diana Altshuler, Chris Droege, Joel Feih, Kevin Ferguson, Mallory Fiorenza, Kasey Greathouse, Leslie Hamilton, Caitlin Pfaff, Lauren Roller, Joanna Stollings, Adrian Wong
PURPOSE: To summarize select critical care pharmacotherapy guidelines and studies published in 2016. SUMMARY: The Critical Care Pharmacotherapy Literature Update (CCPLU) Group screened 31 journals monthly for relevant pharmacotherapy articles and selected 107 articles for review over the course of 2016. Of those included in the monthly CCPLU, three guidelines and seven primary literature studies are reviewed here. The guideline updates included are as follows: hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia management, sustained neuromuscular blocking agent use, and reversal of antithrombotics in intracranial hemorrhage (ICH)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777175/non-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-and-overlap-parasomnias
#4
Muna Irfan, Carlos H Schenck, Michael J Howell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the spectrum of non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep parasomnias, including sleepwalking, confusional arousals, and sleep terrors, which represent the range of phenotypic disorders of arousal from non-REM sleep that occurs in children and adults. RECENT FINDINGS: The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition (ICSD-3) classifies parasomnias according to the sleep stage they emerge from: REM, non-REM, or other...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767599/investigation-of-the-status-quo-of-massive-blood-transfusion-in-china-and-a-synopsis-of-the-proposed-guidelines-for-massive-blood-transfusion
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jiang-Cun Yang, Qiu-Shi Wang, Qian-Li Dang, Yang Sun, Cui-Xiang Xu, Zhan-Kui Jin, Ting Ma, Jing Liu
The aim of this study was to provide an overview of massive transfusion in Chinese hospitals, identify the important indications for massive transfusion and corrective therapies based on clinical evidence and supporting experimental studies, and propose guidelines for the management of massive transfusion. This multiregion, multicenter retrospective study involved a Massive Blood Transfusion Coordination Group composed of 50 clinical experts specializing in blood transfusion, cardiac surgery, anesthesiology, obstetrics, general surgery, and medical statistics from 20 tertiary general hospitals across 5 regions in China...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744777/-recent-standards-in-management-of-obstetric-anesthesia
#6
REVIEW
Maximiliaan van Erp, Clemens Ortner, Stefan Jochberger, Klaus Ulrich Klein
The following article contains information not only for the clinical working anaesthesiologist, but also for other specialists involved in obstetric affairs. Besides a synopsis of a German translation of the current "Practice Guidelines for Obstetric Anaesthesia 2016" [1], written by the American Society of Anesthesiologists, the authors provide personal information regarding major topics of obstetric anaesthesia including pre-anaesthesia patient evaluation, equipment and staff at the delivery room, use of general anaesthesia, peridural analgesia, spinal anaesthesia, combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia, single shot spinal anaesthesia, and programmed intermittent epidural bolus...
November 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645968/development-of-a-meta-algorithm-for-guiding-primary-care-encounters-for-patients-with-multimorbidity-using-evidence-based-and-case-based-guideline-development-methodology
#7
Cathleen Muche-Borowski, Dagmar Lühmann, Ingmar Schäfer, Rebekka Mundt, Hans-Otto Wagner, Martin Scherer
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop a comprehensive algorithm (meta-algorithm) for primary care encounters of patients with multimorbidity. We used a novel, case-based and evidence-based procedure to overcome methodological difficulties in guideline development for patients with complex care needs. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic guideline development methodology including systematic evidence retrieval (guideline synopses), expert opinions and informal and formal consensus procedures...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622489/the-role-of-exercise-and-patient-education-in-the-noninvasive-management-of-whiplash
#8
REVIEW
Trudy Rebbeck
Synopsis The majority of people with whiplash-associated disorder do not have neurological deficit or fracture and are therefore largely managed with nonsurgical interventions such as exercise, patient education, and behavioral-based interventions. To date, clinical guidelines, systematic reviews, and the results of high-quality randomized controlled trials recommend exercise and patient education as the primary interventions for people in both acute and chronic stages after injury. However, the relatively weak evidence and small effect sizes in individual trials have led authors of some systematic reviews to reach equivocal recommendations for either exercise or patient education, and led policy makers and funders to question whether the more expensive intervention (exercise) should be funded at all...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552329/updated-concepts-on-the-pathophysiology-and-the-clinical-management-of-trauma-hemorrhage-and-coagulopathy
#9
REVIEW
Marc Maegele, Zheng-Tao Gu, Qiao-Bing Huang, Hong Yang
Uncontrolled hemorrhage and subsequent trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) are still the principle causes for preventable death after trauma and early detection and aggressive management have been associated with reduced mortality. Despite increasing knowledge about trauma resuscitation, best practice to treat this newly defined entity is still under debate. A synopsis of best current knowledge with reference to the updated European trauma guideline on the management of severe trauma hemorrhage and TIC is presented...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426492/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-pancreatic-cancer-2016-from-the-japan-pancreas-society-a-synopsis
#10
Koji Yamaguchi, Takuji Okusaka, Kyoko Shimizu, Junji Furuse, Yoshinori Ito, Keiji Hanada, Tooru Shimosegawa, Kazuichi Okazaki
OBJECTIVES: Clinical Practice Guidelines for Pancreatic Cancer based on Evidence-Based Medicine 2006 were first published by the Japan Pancreas Society, and they were revised to Clinical Practice Guidelines for Pancreatic Cancer 2009 in July 2009 and were further revised to Clinical Practice Guidelines for Pancreatic Cancer 2013 in October 2013. These guidelines were established according to evidence-based medicine. In October 2016, the Clinical Practice Guidelines for Pancreatic Cancer were newly revised in Japanese...
May 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401719/hepatitis-a-to-e-what-s-new
#11
Waled Mohsen, Miriam T Levy
Viral hepatitis contributes to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. While acute infection may be self-limiting, unrecognised chronic infection and under-utilisation of guideline-based approaches to therapy contribute to increasing rates of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and death. Our aim was to review the current evidence for screening, diagnosis and treatment in hepatitis A to E. Evidence for this review was sourced from international and Australian guidelines and high-quality clinical trials...
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387823/synopsis-of-guidelines-for-the-clinical-management-of-cerebral-cavernous-malformations-consensus-recommendations-based-on-systematic-literature-review-by-the-angioma-alliance-scientific-advisory-board-clinical-experts-panel
#12
Amy Akers, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Issam A Awad, Kristen Dahlem, Kelly Flemming, Blaine Hart, Helen Kim, Ignacio Jusue-Torres, Douglas Kondziolka, Cornelia Lee, Leslie Morrison, Daniele Rigamonti, Tania Rebeiz, Elisabeth Tournier-Lasserve, Darrel Waggoner, Kevin Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Despite many publications about cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs), controversy remains regarding diagnostic and management strategies. OBJECTIVE: To develop guidelines for CCM management. METHODS: The Angioma Alliance ( www.angioma.org ), the patient support group in the United States advocating on behalf of patients and research in CCM, convened a multidisciplinary writing group comprising expert CCM clinicians to help summarize the existing literature related to the clinical care of CCM, focusing on 5 topics: (1) epidemiology and natural history, (2) genetic testing and counseling, (3) diagnostic criteria and radiology standards, (4) neurosurgical considerations, and (5) neurological considerations...
May 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355976/on-ice-return-to-hockey-progression-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#13
REVIEW
Jacob J Capin, William Behrns, Karen Thatcher, Amelia Arundale, Angela Hutchinson Smith, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
Synopsis The literature pertaining to the rehabilitation of ice hockey players seeking to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is currently limited. The purpose of this clinical commentary was to present a criterion-based progression for return to ice hockey for athletes after ACLR. First, we review pertinent literature and provide previously published guidelines on general rehabilitation after ACLR. Then, we present a 4-phase, on-ice skating progression with objective criteria to initiate each phase...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157746/prevention-and-management-of-poststroke-complications
#14
REVIEW
Josephine F Huang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides a synopsis of the immediate and delayed medical complications of stroke, with an emphasis on prevention and management of these complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Meta-analysis of the trials for endovascular treatment of acute stroke shows no significant increase in hemorrhagic events. Rehabilitation guidelines published by the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association in 2016 aid in providing the best clinical practice for patients with stroke, from the time of their initial hospitalization to their return to the community...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416576/the-1-st-and-the-2-nd-italian-consensus-conferences-on-low-density-lipoprotein-apheresis-a-practical-synopsis-and-update
#15
REVIEW
Claudia Stefanutti
The clinical indications and guidelines for low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-apheresis set by the 1(st) Italian Consensus Conference held in Ostuni in 1990 and completed in 1992, but never published, are reported schematically. In 1994, within the Project "Prevention and control of the factors of the disease (FATMA)" by the Italian National Research Council, subproject 8 "Control of cardiovascular disease", a "Hearing on therapeutic apheresis: need for a target-oriented project" was organised. The meeting was the last scientific initiative on LDL-apheresis supported by public funds in Italy...
July 7, 2016: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151514/field-synopsis-of-the-role-of-sex-in-stroke-prediction-models
#16
Jessica K Paulus, Lana Y H Lai, Christine Lundquist, Ali Daneshmand, Hannah Buettner, Jennifer S Lutz, Gowri Raman, Benjamin S Wessler, David M Kent
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for stroke prevention recommend development of sex-specific stroke risk scores. Incorporating sex in Clinical Prediction Models (CPMs) may support sex-specific clinical decision making. To better understand their potential to guide sex-specific care, we conducted a field synopsis of the role of sex in stroke-related CPMs. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified stroke-related CPMs in the Tufts Predictive Analytics and Comparative Effectiveness CPM Database, a systematic summary of cardiovascular CPMs published from January 1990 to May 2012...
May 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145936/guidelines-for-adult-stroke-rehabilitation-and-recovery-a-guideline-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#17
REVIEW
Carolee J Winstein, Joel Stein, Ross Arena, Barbara Bates, Leora R Cherney, Steven C Cramer, Frank Deruyter, Janice J Eng, Beth Fisher, Richard L Harvey, Catherine E Lang, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Sue Pugh, Mathew J Reeves, Lorie G Richards, William Stiers, Richard D Zorowitz
PURPOSE: The aim of this guideline is to provide a synopsis of best clinical practices in the rehabilitative care of adults recovering from stroke. METHODS: Writing group members were nominated by the committee chair on the basis of their previous work in relevant topic areas and were approved by the American Heart Association (AHA) Stroke Council's Scientific Statement Oversight Committee and the AHA's Manuscript Oversight Committee. The panel reviewed relevant articles on adults using computerized searches of the medical literature through 2014...
June 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134291/considerations-on-the-improved-integration-of-medical-guidelines-into-routine-clinical-practice-a-review-and-concept-proposal
#18
M W Beckmann, H Schlieter, P Richter, S Wesselmann
Medical guidelines have become established as the standard for the comprehensive synopsis of all available information (scientific trials, expert opinion) on diagnosis and treatment recommendations. The transfer of guidelines to clinical practice and subsequent monitoring has however proven difficult. In particular the potential interaction between guideline developers and guideline users has not been fully utilised. This review article analyses the status quo and existing methodological and technical information solutions supporting the guideline life cycle...
April 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26850419/new-anti-resorptives-and-antibody-mediated-anti-resorptive-therapy
#19
REVIEW
A J Farrier, L C Sanchez Franco, A Shoaib, V Gulati, N Johnson, C E Uzoigwe, M Z Choudhury
UNLABELLED: The ageing population and an increase in both the incidence and prevalence of cancer pose a healthcare challenge, some of which is borne by the orthopaedic community in the form of osteoporotic fractures and metastatic bone disease. In recent years there has been an increasing understanding of the pathways involved in bone metabolism relevant to osteoporosis and metastases in bone. Newer therapies may aid the management of these problems. One group of drugs, the antibody mediated anti-resorptive therapies (AMARTs) use antibodies to block bone resorption pathways...
February 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26381484/management-of-lateral-elbow-tendinopathy-one-size-does-not-fit-all
#20
REVIEW
Brooke K Coombes, Leanne Bisset, Bill Vicenzino
Synopsis Clear guidelines for the clinical management of individuals with lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET) are hampered by many proposed interventions and the condition's prognosis, ranging from immediate resolution of symptoms following simple advice in some patients to long-lasting problems, regardless of treatment, in others. This is compounded by our lack of understanding of the complexity of the underlying pathophysiology of LET. In this article, we collate evidence and expert opinion on the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and differential diagnosis of LET...
November 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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