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Assessment of learners

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529195/rapid-web-based-platform-for-assessment-of-orthopedic-surgery-patient-care-milestones-a-2-year-validation
#1
Kenneth R Gundle, Dayne T Mickelson, Arien Cherones, Jason Black, Doug P Hanel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity, feasibility, and responsiveness of a new web-based platform for rapid milestone-based evaluations of orthopedic surgery residents. SETTING: Single academic medical center, including a trauma center and pediatrics tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty residents (PG1-5) in an orthopedic residency program and their faculty evaluators. METHODS: Residents and faculty were trained and supported in the use of a novel trainee-initiated web-based evaluation system...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527474/fifteen-years-of-experience-from-a-medical-school-clinical-skills-laboratory
#2
José Miguel Pêgo, João José Cerqueira, João Bessa, Vitor Hugo Pereira, Sara Gomes, José Mariz, Rita Sousa, Pedro Morgado, Nuno Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Medical Education has evolved being defined as a continuum of the medical training from the pre- to the post-graduate period and through a lifetime of medical practice that is mirrored in the competencies framework that several international institutions have established. This creates a challenge to educational institutions (pre- and post-graduate) that traditionally take separate pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present report is a description of the efforts carried by the School of Medicine of the University of Minho to implement a strategy of teaching/learning methods that follows modern standards towards constructive alignment of the medical curriculum, from the pre- to the post-graduate...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516341/fairness-the-hidden-challenge-for-competency-based-postgraduate-medical-education-programs
#3
Colleen Y Colbert, Judith C French, Mary Elizabeth Herring, Elaine F Dannefer
Competency-based medical education systems allow institutions to individualize teaching practices to meet the needs of diverse learners. Yet, the focus on continuous improvement and individualization of curricula does not exempt programs from treating learners in a fair manner. When learners fail to meet key competencies and are placed on probation or dismissed from training programs, issues of fairness may form the basis of their legal claims. In a literature search, we found no in-depth examination of fairness...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509570/learners-perspectives-on-the-provision-of-condoms-in-south-african-public-schools
#4
W E de Bruin, S Panday-Soobrayan
A stubborn health challenge for learners in South African public schools concerns sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). In 2015, the Department of Basic Education (DBE) proposed the provision of condoms and SRHR-services to learners in schools. This study aimed to contribute to the finalisation and implementation of DBE's policy by exploring learners' perspectives on the provision of condoms and SRHR-services in schools. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted with learners (n = 116) from 33 public schools, to assess their attitudes, social influences, and needs and desires regarding condom provision and SRHR-services in schools...
May 16, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498982/using-self-assessment-to-develop-metacognition-and-self-regulated-learners
#5
Amy Siegesmund
Student success is too often challenged by a lack of metacognition and ability to self-regulate learning. This commentary argues that the use of self-assessment to increase student metacognition positively impacts student learning and self-regulation. In addition, several strategies for incorporating self-assessment will be presented.
May 11, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#6
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496376/changing-trends-in-residents-as-teachers-across-graduate-medical-education
#7
Morhaf Al Achkar, Mathew Hanauer, Elizabeth H Morrison, M Kelly Davies, Robert C Oh
BACKGROUND: Teaching residents how to teach is a critical part of residents' training in graduate medical education (GME). The purpose of this study was to assess the change in resident-as-teacher (RaT) instruction in GME over the past 15 years in the US. METHODS: We used a quantitative and qualitative survey of all program directors (PDs) across specialties. We compared our findings with a previous work from 2000-2001 that studied the same matter. Finally, we qualitatively analyzed PDs' responses regarding the reasons for implementing and not implementing RaT instruction...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495932/effectiveness-and-adoption-of-a-drawing-to-learn-study-tool-for-recall-and-problem-solving-minute-sketches-with-folded-lists
#8
Paul D Heideman, K Adryan Flores, Lu M Sevier, Kelsey E Trouton
Drawing by learners can be an effective way to develop memory and generate visual models for higher-order skills in biology, but students are often reluctant to adopt drawing as a study method. We designed a nonclassroom intervention that instructed introductory biology college students in a drawing method, minute sketches in folded lists (MSFL), and allowed them to self-assess their recall and problem solving, first in a simple recall task involving non-European alphabets and later using unfamiliar biology content...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488303/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-flipped-classrooms-in-medical-education
#9
REVIEW
Fei Chen, Angela M Lui, Susan M Martinelli
CONTEXT: There are inconsistent claims made about the effectiveness of the flipped classroom (FC) in medical education; however, the quality of the empirical evidence used to back up these claims is not evident. The aims of this review are to examine the scope and quality of studies on the FC teaching approach in medical education and to assess the effects of FCs on medical learning. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the major electronic databases in 2016...
June 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485629/twelve-tips-for-developing-and-delivering-a-massive-open-online-course-in-medical-education
#10
James D Pickering, Lars Henningsohn, Marco C DeRuiter, Peter G M de Jong, Marlies E J Reinders
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are a novel mode of online learning. They are typically based on higher education courses and can attract a high number of learners, often in the thousands. They are distinct from on-campus education and deliver the learning objectives through a series of short videos, recommended readings and discussion fora, alongside automated assessments. Within medical education the role of MOOCs remains unclear, with recent proposals including continuing professional development, interprofessional education or integration into campus-based blended learning curricula...
May 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484694/developing-a-sustainable-need-based-pediatric-acute-care-training-curriculum-in-solomon-islands
#11
Daniel Ta Yo Yu, Jason T Gillon, Raymond Dickson, Karen A Schneider, Martha W Stevens
BACKGROUND: The Johns Hopkins Hospital Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) was invited to collaborate with the National Referral Hospital (NRH), Solomon Islands, to establish an acute care pediatric education program for the country's inaugural class of national medical graduate trainees. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a sustainable, need-based post-graduate training curriculum in pediatric acute care, resuscitation, and point-of-care ultrasound. METHODS: A need-based training curriculum was developed utilizing the ADDIE model and was implemented and revised over the course of 2 years and two site visits...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480231/an-interprofessional-curriculum-on-antimicrobial-stewardship-improves-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-appropriate-antimicrobial-use-and-collaboration
#12
Conan MacDougall, Brian S Schwartz, Lisa Kim, Mari Nanamori, Sharmin Shekarchian, Peter V Chin-Hong
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate antimicrobial use can threaten patient safety and is the focus of collaborative physician and pharmacist antimicrobial stewardship teams. However, antimicrobial stewardship is not comprehensively taught in medical or pharmacy school curricula. Addressing this deficiency can teach an important concept as well as model interprofessional healthcare. METHODS: We created an antimicrobial stewardship curriculum consisting of an online learning module and workshop session that combined medical and pharmacy students, with faculty from both professions...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475502/the-use-of-virtual-reality-technology-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-and-other-psychiatric-disorders
#13
Jessica L Maples-Keller, Brian E Bunnell, Sae-Jin Kim, Barbara O Rothbaum
After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Evaluate the literature regarding the effectiveness of incorporating virtual reality (VR) in the treatment of psychiatric disorders• Assess the use of exposure-based intervention for anxiety disorders ABSTRACT: Virtual reality (VR) allows users to experience a sense of presence in a computer-generated, three-dimensional environment. Sensory information is delivered through a head-mounted display and specialized interface devices. These devices track head movements so that the movements and images change in a natural way with head motion, allowing for a sense of immersion...
May 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473799/contribution-of-word-reading-speed-to-reading-comprehension-in-brazilian-children-does-speed-matter-to-the-comprehension-model
#14
Alessandra G Seabra, Natália M Dias, Tatiana Mecca, Elizeu C Macedo
Studies have suggested that reading speed (RS) or fluency should be a component of reading comprehension (RC) models. There is also evidence of a relationship between RS and RC. However, some questions remain to be explored, as the changes in such a relationship may be a function of development. In addition, while there are studies published with English speakers and learners, less evidence exists in more transparent orthographies, such as Portuguese. This study investigated the relationship between RC and RS in typical readers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472351/the-benefits-and-limitations-of-targeted-training-in-flexible-transnasal-laryngoscopy-diagnosis
#15
Kimberly A Russell, Christopher D Brook, Michael P Platt, Gregory A Grillone, Avner Aliphas, J Pieter Noordzij
Importance: Targeted laryngoscopy training can be used successfully in de novo learners. Objective: To determine the value of targeted laryngoscopy education in interns. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective study of fiberoptic laryngoscopy interpretations enrolled 13 participants in an academic hospital setting from August 1 to December 31, 2015. Participants included 10 postgraduate year 1 emergency and otolaryngology interns and 3 board-certified otolaryngology attending physicians...
May 4, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471779/creating-an-education-shark-tank-to-encourage-and-support-educational-scholarship-and-innovation
#16
Joseph Cofrancesco, Scott M Wright, Eric Vohr, Roy C Ziegelstein
PROBLEM: Creating and supporting opportunities for innovation that showcase and reward creativity in medical and biomedical education is critically important for academic institutions, learners, and faculty. APPROACH: In 2014, the Institute for Excellence in Education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine created a small grant program called Education Shark Tank, in which two to five finalist teams present their proposals on innovative initiatives to improve education to four or five senior educator "sharks" at an educational conference, with an audience...
May 2, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471778/evaluating-the-impact-of-educational-interventions-on-patients-and-communities-a-conceptual-framework
#17
Andrew S Bzowyckyj, Alan Dow, Mary S Knab
Health professions education programs can have direct effects on patients and communities as well as on learners. However, few studies have examined the patient and community outcomes of educational interventions. To better integrate education and health care delivery, educators and researchers would benefit from a unifying framework to guide the planning of educational interventions and evaluation of their impact on patients.The authors of this Perspective mirrored approaches from Miller's pyramid of educational assessment and Moore and colleagues' framework for evaluating continuing professional development to propose a conceptual framework for evaluating the impact of educational interventions on patients and communities...
May 2, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467555/virtual-gaming-simulation-in-nursing-education-a-focus-group-study
#18
Margaret Verkuyl, Michelle Hughes, Joyce Tsui, Lorraine Betts, Oona St-Amant, Jennifer L Lapum
BACKGROUND: The use of serious gaming in a virtual world is a novel pedagogical approach in nursing education. A virtual gaming simulation was implemented in a health assessment class that focused on mental health and interpersonal violence. The study's purpose was to explore students' experiences of the virtual gaming simulation. METHOD: Three focus groups were conducted with a convenience sample of 20 first-year nursing students after they completed the virtual gaming simulation...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463897/how-do-thresholds-of-principle-and-preference-influence-surgeon-assessments-of-learner-performance
#19
Tavis Apramian, Sayra Cristancho, Alp Sener, Lorelei Lingard
OBJECTIVE: The present study asks whether intraoperative principles are shared among faculty in a single residency program and explores how surgeons' individual thresholds between principles and preferences might influence assessment. BACKGROUND: Surgical education continues to face significant challenges in the implementation of intraoperative assessment. Competency-based medical education assumes the possibility of a shared standard of competence, but intersurgeon variation is prevalent and, at times, valued in surgical education...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462478/consensus-on-structured-training-curriculum-for-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-tatme
#20
Nader Francis, Marta Penna, Hugh Mackenzie, Fiona Carter, Roel Hompes
BACKGROUND: The interest and adoption of transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) is growing amongst the colorectal surgical community, but there is no clear guidance on the optimal training framework to ensure safe practice for this novel operation. The aim of this study was to establish a consensus on a detailed structured training curriculum for TaTME. METHODS: A consensus process to agree on the framework of the TaTME training curriculum was conducted, seeking views of 207 surgeons across 18 different countries, including 52 international experts in the field of TaTME...
May 1, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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