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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355064/how-learners-learn-a-new-microanalytic-assessment-method-to-mapdecision-making
#1
Phillippa Smith, Gerry Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Microanalytic techniques have shown considerable potential as avenues for understanding learning in a range of learning contexts. If a microanalytic approach is to be tested for utility, a suitable learning context is required. We chose problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials as our context. AIMS: We sought to determine if a new microanalytic approach is suitable for investigating the learning decisions made by students during PBL and what this form of microanalysis reveals...
January 21, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344842/reasons-for-abortion-religion-religiosity-spirituality-and-attitudes-of-male-secondary-school-youth-in-south-africa
#2
Lebohang Selebalo-Bereng, Cynthia Joan Patel
This study focused on the relationship between religion, religiosity/spirituality (R/S), and attitudes of a sample of South African male secondary school youth toward women's rights to legal abortion in different situations. We distributed 400 self-administered questionnaires assessing the main variables (attitudes toward reasons for abortion and R/S) to the target sample in six different secondary schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The responses of a final sample of 327 learners were then analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344791/sages-s-advanced-gi-mis-fellowship-curriculum-pilot-project
#3
Joshua J Weis, Matthew Goldblatt, Aurora Pryor, Brian J Dunkin, L Michael Brunt, Daniel B Jones, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: The American health care system faces deficits in quality and quantity of surgeons. SAGES is a major stakeholder in surgical fellowship training and is responsible for defining the curriculum for the Advanced GI/MIS fellowship. SAGES leadership is actively adapting this curriculum. METHODS: The process of reform began in 2014 through a series of iterative meetings and discussions. A working group within the Resident and Fellow Training Committee reviewed case log data from 2012 to 2015...
January 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343150/eight-year-outcomes-of-a-competency-based-residency-training-program-in-orthopedic-surgery
#4
Markku T Nousiainen, Polina Mironova, Melissa Hynes, Susan Glover Takahashi, Richard Reznick, William Kraemer, Benjamin Alman, Peter Ferguson
BACKGROUND: The Division of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Toronto implemented a pilot residency training program that used a competency-based framework in July of 2009. The competency-based curriculum (CBC) deployed an innovative, modularized approach that dramatically intensified both the structured learning elements and the assessment processes. METHODS: This paper discusses the initial curriculum design of the CBC pilot program; the refinement of the curriculum using curriculum mapping that allowed for efficiencies in educational delivery; details of evaluating resident competence; feedback from external reviews by accrediting bodies; and trainee and program outcomes for the first eight years of the program's implementation...
January 18, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337708/using-iterative-plan-do-study-act-cycles-to-improve-teaching-pedagogy
#5
Elizabeth J Murray
Most students entering nursing programs today are members of Generation Y or the Millennial generation, and they learn differently than previous generations. Nurse educators must consider implementing innovative teaching strategies that appeal to the newest generation of learners. The Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle is a framework that can be helpful when planning, assessing, and continually improving teaching pedagogy. This article describes the use of iterative Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles to implement a change in teaching pedagogy...
January 15, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336833/education-for-ecmo-providers-using-education-science-to-bridge-the-gap-between-clinical-and-educational-expertise
#6
REVIEW
Lindsay Johnston, Susan B Williams, Anne Ades
A well-organized educational curriculum for the training of both novice and experienced ECMO providers is critical for the continued function of an institutional ECMO program. ELSO provides guidance for the education for ECMO specialists, physicians and staff, which incorporates "traditional" instructor-centered educational methods, such as didactic lectures and technical skill training. Novel research suggests utilization of strategies that align with principles of adult learning to promote active learner involvement and reflection on how the material can be applied to understand existing and new constructs may be more effective...
January 11, 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335659/recommendation-system-for-adaptive-learning
#7
Yunxiao Chen, Xiaoou Li, Jingchen Liu, Zhiliang Ying
An adaptive learning system aims at providing instruction tailored to the current status of a learner, differing from the traditional classroom experience. The latest advances in technology make adaptive learning possible, which has the potential to provide students with high-quality learning benefit at a low cost. A key component of an adaptive learning system is a recommendation system, which recommends the next material (video lectures, practices, and so on, on different skills) to the learner, based on the psychometric assessment results and possibly other individual characteristics...
January 2018: Applied Psychological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330861/validity-evidence-as-a-key-marker-of-quality-of-technical-skill-assessment-in-otl-hns
#8
Mathilde Labbé, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Quality monitoring of assessment practices should be a priority in all residency programs. Validity evidence is one of the main hallmarks of assessment quality and should be collected to support the interpretation and use of assessment data. Our objective was to identify, synthesize, and present the validity evidence reported supporting different technical skill assessment tools in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS). METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data generated through a systematic review of all published tools for assessing technical skills in OTL-HNS (n = 16)...
January 13, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319610/the-effectiveness-of-online-pain-resources-for-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-with-subset-meta-analysis-of-educational-intervention-studies
#9
Christina Liossi DPsych, Alessandro Failo PhD, Daniel E Schoth PhD, Glyn Williams Md, Richard Howard Md
Online educational interventions are increasingly developed for health professionals and students, although graduate and undergraduate medical curricular often contain limited information about how to assess and manage pain. This study reviews the literature on the effectiveness of pain-related online educational resources. Studies were identified via a search of Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and OpenGrey databases. Search terms included three concept blocks: (i) type of intervention - online education, computer-based, e-learning, web-based, and internet-based; (ii) population - pediatrician, physician, nurse, psychologist, medical; (iii) outcome - pain*...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318736/junior-doctor-teaching-delivered-by-near-peers
#10
Oluwaseun Anyiam, Victoria Ware, Maria McKenna, John Hanley
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching - trainees teaching more junior trainee colleagues - has been widely described in undergraduate medical education. Several benefits have been reported, including a more comfortable learning environment for learners and the development of tutors' teaching skills. Near-peer teaching programmes in postgraduate training are less commonly described in the existing literature, however. This article outlines a pilot study of a postgraduate near-peer teaching programme implemented at the Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306578/utility-of-a-standardized-fourth-year-medical-student-surgical-preparatory-curriculum-program-director-perceptions
#11
Melissa K Stewart, Rebecca C Henry, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Kyla P Terhune
OBJECTIVE: Each July, surgical interns arrive to residency with variable skills, knowledge, and clinical experience. To standardize and improve intern preparation, the American College of Surgeons (ACS), Association of Program Directors in Surgery, and Association for Surgical Education developed a pilot Resident Prep Curriculum (RPC). To date, no studies have analyzed these efforts. We aimed to discern program director (PD) perceptions of RPC participants as an initial means of analysis...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291178/a-competency-based-simulation-curriculum-for-surgical-resident-trauma-resuscitation-skills
#12
Matthew L Moorman, Tony R Capizzani, Michelle A Feliciano, Judith C French
Background: Evidence-based curricula for nonprocedural simulation training in general surgery are lacking. Residency programs are required to implement simulation training despite this shortcoming. The goal of this project was the development of a simulation curriculum that measurably improves milestone performance and replaces traditional experienced-based training with a competency-based model. Materials and Methods: SimMan 3G® (Laerdal Medical, Wappingers Falls, NY, USA) was utilized for simulation...
October 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276425/application-of-active-learning-modalities-to-achieve-medical-genetics-competencies-and-their-learning-outcome-assessments
#13
REVIEW
Nobuko Hagiwara
The steadily falling costs of genome sequencing, coupled with the growing number of genetic tests with proven clinical validity, have made the use of genetic testing more common in clinical practice. This development has necessitated nongeneticist physicians, especially primary care physicians, to become more responsible for assessing genetic risks for their patients. Providing undergraduate medical students a solid foundation in genomic medicine, therefore, has become all the more important to ensure the readiness of future physicians in applying genomic medicine to their patient care...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274891/selection-and-ranking-of-patient-video-cases-in-paediatric-neurology-in-relation-to-learner-levels
#14
Thomas Balslev, Arno M M Muijtjens, Sabine Frølich Maarbjerg, Willem de Grave
BACKGROUND: Teaching and learning with patient video cases may add authenticity, enhance diagnostic accuracy and improve chances of early diagnosis. The aim of this study is firstly to identify selection criteria for key Patient video cases (PVCs), secondly to identify trends in relevance of PVCs for learner levels and thirdly, to rank PVCs for learner levels. METHODS: Based on a literature review, we identified criteria for key PVCs for use in paediatric neurology...
December 2, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250765/a-simple-non-biological-model-for-percutaneous-renal-access-training
#15
Ahsen Karagozlu Akgul, Dursun Unal, Murat Demirbas, Sedat Oner, Murat Ucar, Korhan Akgul, Muhammet Guzelsoy, Murat Aydos
PURPOSE: Percutaneous renal puncture (PRP) is one of the most important and critical step of urology, especially while performing percutaneous nephrostomy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). In the learning period of this procedures, there is a need for validated, effective, economical models for such training. This study describes a simple non - biological model for learning PRP. The aim was to determine the effectivity of this model as a training and assessment tool, and to assess its cost relative to other models...
December 17, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248841/readiness-for-self-directed-learning-how-bridging-and-traditional-nursing-students-differs
#16
Homood A Alharbi
BACKGROUND: The dean of the nursing college has an initiative to reform the BSN program in the college to minimize the use of lecturing and maximize interactive and lifelong learning. Appropriate assessment of how our students are prepared to be self-directed learners is crucial. OBJECTIVE: To compare traditional and bridging students in regard to their SDLR scores in the nursing college in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: This was a comparative study to compare traditional and bridging students in regard to their self-directed learning readiness scores (SDLR)...
December 11, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248610/cross-talk-evaluation-of-a-curriculum-to-teach-medical-students-how-to-use-telephone-interpreter-services
#17
Emma A Omoruyi, Jesse Dunkle, Colby Dendy, Erin McHugh, Michelle S Barratt
PURPOSE: Telephone interpretation and recent technology advances assist patients with more timely access to rare languages, but no one has examined the role of this technology in the medical setting and how medical students can be prepared for their use. We sought to determine if structured curriculum on interpretation would promote learners self-reported competency in these encounters and if proficiency would be demonstrated in actual patient encounters. METHODS: Training on the principles of interpreter use with a focus on communication technology was added to medical student education...
December 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248076/strengthsfinder%C3%A2-signature-themes-of-talent-in-pharmacy-residents-at-four-midwestern-pharmacy-schools
#18
Gary C Yee, Kristin K Janke, Patrick D Fuller, Katherine A Kelley, Steven A Scott, Todd D Sorensen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: StrengthsFinder® is a widely-used assessment that can be used to help student pharmacists discover their talents (i.e., signature themes [STs]) and develop their leadership skills. The assessment has also been used in pharmacy residents, but the prevalence of various STs in that group has not been compared to those in student pharmacists. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Residents from four midwestern pharmacy institutions completed StrengthsFinder® 2...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243385/assessing-the-impact-of-early-learning-programs-in-africa
#19
REVIEW
Amber Gove, Tracy Brunette, Jennae Bulat, Bidemi Carrol, Catherine Henny, Wykia Macon, Evangeline Nderu, Yasmin Sitabkhan
We present results from early learning programs in six African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda. In partnership with ministries of education, RTI International has worked within government systems to support the design and deployment of locally contextualized materials, training, and assessment tools, with the goal of improving outcomes for early learners in primary schools, and in Kenya and Tanzania preprimary as well. Here we report on the experience and evidence of impact from specific programs in each country, including summary assessment results when available...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240456/trainees-perceptions-of-feedback-validity-evidence-for-two-feedme-feedback-in-medical-education-instruments
#20
Robert Bing-You, Saradha Ramesh, Victoria Hayes, Kalli Varaklis, Denham Ward, Maria Blanco
Construct: Medical educators consider feedback a core component of the educational process. Effective feedback allows learners to acquire new skills, knowledge, and attitudes. Learners' perceptions of feedback are an important aspect to assess with valid methods in order to improve the feedback skills of educators and the feedback culture. BACKGROUND: Although guidelines for delivering effective feedback have existed for several decades, medical students and residents often indicate that they receive little feedback...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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