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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109118/a-mandible-from-the-middle-pleistocene-hexian-site-and-its-significance-in-relation-to-the-variability-of-asian-homo-erectus
#1
Wu Liu, María Martinón-Torres, Yousuke Kaifu, Xiujie Wu, Reiko T Kono, Chun-Hsiang Chang, Pianpian Wei, Song Xing, Wanbo Huang, José María Bermúdez de Castro
OBJECTIVES: This study presents the first detailed morphological description and comparison of a Middle Pleistocene hominin mandibular fragment (PA 831) and associated teeth from the Hexian site in Eastern China. We aim to investigate where the Hexian mandible fits within the genus Homo variability in the light of an increased and better characterized Asian fossils record. METHODS: Comparative samples include Pleistocene Homo mandibles and teeth from Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as earlier African hominins (Australopithecus and early Homo) and Holocene recent humans...
January 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108319/how-the-changes-in-the-system-affect-trauma-care-provision-the-assessment-of-and-implications-for-lithuanian-trauma-service-performance-in-2007-2012
#2
Žilvinas Dambrauskas, Vytautas Aukštakalnis, Aurika Karbonskienė, Dmitrijus Kačiurinas, Jolanta Vokietienė, Robertas Lapka, Algimantas Pamerneckas, Narūnas Porvaneckas, Kęstutis Stašaitis, Nedas Jasinskas, Paulius Dobožinskas, Dinas Vaitkaitis, Raimundas Lunevičius
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and assess the effects of changes in the Lithuanian trauma service from 2007 to 2012. We postulate that the implications derived from this study will be of importance to trauma policy planners and makers in Lithuania and throughout other countries of Eastern and Central Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 10,390 trauma admissions to four trauma centers in 2007, 294 patients (2.8%) were randomly selected for the first arm of a representative study sample...
January 6, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107104/introduction-u-s-homophile-internationalism
#3
Marc Stein
This article introduces "U.S. Homophile Internationalism," a special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality. The introduction provides a broad overview of the "U.S. Homophile Internationalism" archive and exhibit, which was published on the Outhistory website in 2015. The archive and exhibit consists of more than 800 U.S. homophile magazine articles, letters, and other items that referenced non-U.S. regions of the world from 1953 to 1964. The essays in the special issue focus on (1) Africa; (2) Asia and the Pacific; (3) Canada; (4) Latin America and the Caribbean; (5) the Middle East; and (6) Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102560/the-epidemiology-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-from-west-to-east
#4
Zsuzsanna Vegh, Zsuzsanna Kurti, Peter Lakatos
The incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) show considerable variation over time and across geographic regions. The first studies on the epidemiology of IBD were available mainly from traditionally high-incidence areas, as North America and Northern and Western Europe. In the last two decades, more and more data have been reported from Eastern European and Asian counties with increasing incidence rates from some regions. According to recent studies, the high incidence and prevalence of IBD in some Western countries is plateauing and in some Eastern countries increasing incidence rates have been reported...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100602/find-tuberculosis-strain-bank-a-resource-for-researchers-and-developers-working-on-tests-to-detect-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-and-related-drug-resistance
#5
Belay Tessema, Pamela Nabeta, Eloise Valli, Audrey Albertini, Jimena Collantes, Nguyen Huu Lan, Elena Romancenco, Nestani Tukavdze, Claudia M Denkinger, David L Dolinger
BACKGROUND: The spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and extensively drug-resistant TB hampers the global efforts in the fight against tuberculosis. To enhance the development and evaluation of diagnostic tests quickly and efficiently, well characterized strains and samples from drug resistant tuberculosis patients are necessary. In this project, FIND has focused on the collection, characterization and storage of such well-characterized reference materials and to make them available to researchers and developers...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100175/do-experiences-with-pregnancy-birth-and-postnatal-care-in-norway-vary-by-the-women-s-geographic-origin-a-comparison-of-cross-sectional-survey-results
#6
Ingeborg S Sjetne, Hilde H Iversen
BACKGROUND: A national survey was conducted to measure and benchmark women's experiences with pregnancy, birth and postnatal care in Norway. The purpose of this secondary analysis is to explore potential variation in these experiences with regard to the survey respondents' geographic origin. METHODS: Data were collected in a national observational cross-sectional study, by a self-administered questionnaire and from registries. The questionnaire collects patient reported experience measures (PREMS) of mainly nontechnical aspects of the health-care services...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095283/substance-use-among-european-students-east-west-comparison-between-1995-and-2011
#7
Alojz Nociar, Janusz Sierosławski, Ladislav Csémy
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate long-term trends differences in student substance misuse between countries of former Eastern Bloc (FEB) and Western Europe (WEST). Overall data on student substance misuse gathered in five waves of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) conducted between 1995 and 2011 were pooled and analysed. Findings were compared between FEB and WEST countries at the five time-points of data collection. METHODS: Over 396,000 of 16 years old students from thirteen FEB and thirteen WEST countries completed anonymous ESPAD questionnaires...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095136/homonationalism-before-homonationalism-representations-of-russia-eastern-europe-and-the-soviet-union-in-the-u-s-homophile-press-1953-1964
#8
Dasha Serykh
This essay focuses on representations of Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. Extending the application of Jasbir Puar's concept of homonationalism to the Cold War period, the essay examines 126 articles and other items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder and demonstrates that these periodicals often engaged in homonationalist discourses when constructing the Russian, Soviet, and Eastern European "other." Negative constructions of these regions were sometimes used to affirm the political alignment of the homophile authors with the American nation...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093611/a-highly-divergent-puumala-virus-lineage-in-southern-poland
#9
Ulrike M Rosenfeld, Stephan Drewes, Hanan Sheikh Ali, Edyta T Sadowska, Magdalena Mikowska, Gerald Heckel, Paweł Koteja, Rainer G Ulrich
Puumala virus (PUUV) represents one of the most important hantaviruses in Central Europe. Phylogenetic analyses of PUUV strains indicate a strong genetic structuring of this hantavirus. Recently, PUUV sequences were identified in the natural reservoir, the bank vole (Myodes glareolus), collected in the northern part of Poland. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of PUUV in bank voles from southern Poland. A total of 72 bank voles were trapped in 2009 at six sites in this part of Poland...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087986/barriers-to-access-to-opioid-medicines-for-patients-with-opioid-dependence-a-review-of-legislation-and-regulations-in-eleven-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#10
Marjolein J M Vranken, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Saskia Jünger, Lukas Radbruch, Willem Scholten, John A Lisman, Marija Subataite, Marie-Hélène D B Schutjens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barriers linked to drug control systems are considered to contribute to inequitable access to controlled medicines, leaving millions of people in pain and suffering. Most studies focus on access to opioids for the treatment of severe (cancer) pain. This study aims to identify specific access barriers for patients with opioid dependence in legislation and regulations of 11 Central and Eastern European countries. METHODS: This study builds on a previous analysis of legislation and regulations as part of the EU 7th Framework Access To Opioid Medication in Europe (ATOME) project...
January 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087777/genome-sequencing-reveals-the-origin-of-the-allotetraploid-arabidopsis-suecica
#11
Polina Yu Novikova, Takashi Tsuchimatsu, Samson Simon, Viktoria Nizhynska, Viktor Voronin, Robin Burns, Olga M Fedorenko, Svante Holm, Torbjörn Säll, Elisa Prat, William Marande, Vincent Castric, Magnus Nordborg
Polyploidy is an example of instantaneous speciation when it involves the formation of a new cytotype that is incompatible with the parental species. Because new polyploid individuals are likely to be rare, establishment of a new species is unlikely unless polyploids are able to reproduce through self-fertilization (selfing), or asexually. Conversely, selfing (or asexuality) makes it possible for polyploid species to originate from a single individual - a bona fide speciation event. The extent to which this happens is not known...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081036/one-year-mortality-of-hiv-positive-patients-treated-for-rifampicin-and-isoniazid-susceptible-tuberculosis-in-eastern-europe-western-europe-and-latin-america
#12
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The high mortality among HIV/tuberculosis (TB) coinfected patients in Eastern Europe is partly explained by the high prevalence of drug-resistant TB. It remains unclear whether outcomes of HIV/TB patients with rifampicin/isoniazid-susceptible TB in Eastern Europe differ from those in Western Europe or Latin America. METHODS: One-year mortality of HIV-positive patients with rifampicin/isoniazid-susceptible TB in Eastern Europe, Western Europe, and Latin America was analysed and compared in a prospective observational cohort study...
January 28, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079063/horizon-2020-funds-to-help-eastern-europe-close-the-gap
#13
Cristian Berce, Ciprian Tomuleasa, Radu Meza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076666/the-global-incidence-of-lip-oral-cavity-and-pharyngeal-cancers-by-subsite-in-2012
#14
Kevin D Shield, Jacques Ferlay, Ahmedin Jemal, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Anil K Chaturvedi, Freddie Bray, Isabelle Soerjomataram
By using data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer publication Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents and GLOBOCAN, this report provides the first consolidated global estimation of the subsite distribution of new cases of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers by country, sex, and age for the year 2012. Major geographically based, sex-based, and age-based variations in the incidence of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers by subsite were observed. Lip cancers were highly frequent in Australia (associated with solar radiation) and in central and eastern Europe (associated with tobacco smoking)...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071033/an-analysis-of-the-meal-pattern-at-the-nutrient-level-in-polish-women
#15
Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Marcin Mardas, Wojciech Warchoł, Paweł Bogdański
BACKGROUND: Before the 1990's, access to a variety of foods in Eastern Europe was limited, which could have influenced the currently analyzed dietary behaviors pertaining to overweight and obesity development. The aim of this study was to describe the daily profile of meal patterns in Polish women aged 50-70 at the nutrient level. METHODS: The anthropometrical parameters of four-hundred and fifty Polish women aged 50-70 were assessed. Three 24-hour dietary recalls and validated questionnaires regarding socio-demographic-economic status and meal frequency were applied...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068530/a-new-view-on-the-european-feline-population-from-mtdna-analysis-in-polish-domestic-cats
#16
Iwona Głażewska, Tomasz Kijewski
Domestic cats from Eastern Europe have been poorly represented in studies on mitochondrial DNA diversity for forensic purposes until now. The aim of the present study was to contribute to closing this gap. The genetic structure and the origin of a cat population in Poland were examined against the background of human migrations over the centuries. One hundred and eighty-one cats from animal shelters in seven cities were genotyped. Twenty-one mtDNA haplotypes were found, with only one haplotype present in each of the populations, at an average frequency of 63...
December 29, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064125/effects-of-cultural-brokering-on-individual-wellbeing-and-family-dynamics-among-immigrant-youth
#17
Vanja Lazarevic
Over 90% of immigrant youth help their parents navigate the mainstream US culture, a process known as cultural brokering. Past research has indicated that brokering can often have negative effects on development of immigrant youth and their families. The current study builds on the past literature by examining how various aspects of brokering may impact individual wellbeing and family dynamics among first generation immigrant and refugee youth from Eastern Europe (N = 197, Mage = 22.93 (SD = 2.89), 63...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063159/ethnic-differences-in-the-incidence-of-cancer-in-norway
#18
Kirsti V Hjerkind, Samera A Qureshi, Bjørn Møller, Elisabete Weiderpass, Dennis Deapen, Bernadette Kumar, Giske Ursin
Traditionally there have been differences in cancer incidence across geographic regions. When immigrants have moved from low-income to high-income countries, their incidence have changed as they have adapted to the lifestyle in the new host country. Given worldwide changes in lifestyle factors over time, we decided to examine cancer incidence in immigrant groups in Norway, a country with a recent immigration history, complete cancer registration and universal public health care. We linked immigration history for the complete population to information on cancer diagnosis from the Cancer Registry of Norway for the period 1990-2012...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059138/mapping-post-glacial-expansions-the-peopling-of-southwest-asia
#19
Daniel E Platt, Marc Haber, Magda Bou Dagher-Kharrat, Bouchra Douaihy, Georges Khazen, Maziar Ashrafian Bonab, Angélique Salloum, Francis Mouzaya, Donata Luiselli, Chris Tyler-Smith, Colin Renfrew, Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith, Pierre A Zalloua
Archaeological, palaeontological and geological evidence shows that post-glacial warming released human populations from their various climate-bound refugia. Yet specific connections between these refugia and the timing and routes of post-glacial migrations that ultimately established modern patterns of genetic variation remain elusive. Here, we use Y-chromosome markers combined with autosomal data to reconstruct population expansions from regional refugia in Southwest Asia. Populations from three regions in particular possess distinctive autosomal genetic signatures indicative of likely refugia: one, in the north, centered around the eastern coast of the Black Sea, the second, with a more Levantine focus, and the third in the southern Arabian Peninsula...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058859/clinical-characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-socio-economic-burden-of-copd-in-bulgaria
#20
Maria Kamusheva, Maria Dimitrova, Job Fm van Boven, Maarten J Postma, Thys van der Molen, Janwillem Wh Kocks, Konstantin Mitov, Miglena Doneva, Daniela Petrova, Ognyan Georgiev, Valentina Petkova, Guenka Petrova
INTRODUCTION: While the impact of COPD in Western-Europe is known, data from Eastern-Europe is scarce. We aimed to evaluate clinical characteristics, treatment patterns and the socio-economic burden of COPD in Eastern-Europe, taking Bulgaria as a reference case. METHODS: A representative sample of Bulgarian patients with COPD was randomly chosen by pulmonologists based on the following inclusion criteria: COPD diagnosis with at least one year of living with COPD, ≥40 years of age, and use of COPD medication...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
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