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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320055/global-trends-in-esophageal-cancer
#1
Gautam K Malhotra, Ujwal Yanala, Advaitaa Ravipati, Matthew Follet, M Vijayakumar, Chandrakanth Are
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Esophageal Cancer (EC) is a lethal malignancy with poor prognosis and significant variations in the incidence, mortality, and histopathology based on geographic regions. The aim of this study was to quantitatively analyze these variations to identify patterns and areas for further research. METHODS: We utilized the GLOBOCAN 2012, and Cancer Incidence in five Continents, Volume X (CI5X) database to analyze variations in EC incidence and mortality...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318474/the-growing-disconnect-between-food-prices-and-wages-in-europe-cross-national-analysis-of-food-deprivation-and-welfare-regimes-in-twenty-one-eu-countries-2004-2012
#2
Aaron Reeves, Rachel Loopstra, David Stuckler
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity has been rising across Europe following the Great Recession, but to varying degrees across countries and over time. The reasons for this increase are not well understood, nor are what factors might protect people's access to food. Here we test the hypothesis that an emerging gap between food prices and wages can explain increases in reported inability to afford protein-rich foods and whether welfare regimes can mitigate its impact. DESIGN: We collected data in twenty-one countries from 2004 to 2012 using two databases: (i) on food prices and deprivation related to food (denoted by reported inability to afford to eat meat, chicken, fish or a vegetarian equivalent every second day) from EuroStat 2015 edition; and (ii) on wages from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2015 edition...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301480/management-and-modeling-approaches-for-controlling-raccoon-rabies-the-road-to-elimination
#3
REVIEW
Stacey A Elmore, Richard B Chipman, Dennis Slate, Kathryn P Huyvaert, Kurt C VerCauteren, Amy T Gilbert
Rabies is an ancient viral disease that significantly impacts human and animal health throughout the world. In the developing parts of the world, dog bites represent the highest risk of rabies infection to people, livestock, and other animals. However, in North America, where several rabies virus variants currently circulate in wildlife, human contact with the raccoon rabies variant leads to the highest per capita population administration of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) annually. Previous rabies variant elimination in raccoons (Canada), foxes (Europe), and dogs and coyotes (United States) demonstrates that elimination of the raccoon variant from the eastern US is feasible, given an understanding of rabies control costs and benefits and the availability of proper tools...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298610/high-skilled-labour-mobility-in-europe-before-and-after-the-2004-enlargement
#4
Alexander M Petersen, Michelangelo Puliga
The extent to which international high-skilled mobility channels are forming is a question of great importance in an increasingly global knowledge-based economy. One factor facilitating the growth of high-skilled labour markets is the standardization of certifiable degrees meriting international recognition. Within this context, we analysed an extensive high-skilled mobility database comprising roughly 382 000 individuals from five broad profession groups (Medical, Education, Technical, Science & Engineering and Business & Legal) over the period 1997-2014, using the 13-country expansion of the European Union (EU) to provide insight into labour market integration...
March 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291814/are-life-saving-anticancer-drugs-reaching-all-patients-patterns-and-discrepancies-of-trastuzumab-use-in-the-european-union-and-the-usa
#5
Felipe Ades, Christelle Senterre, Dimitrios Zardavas, Evandro de Azambuja, Razvan Popescu, Martine Piccart
BACKGROUND: The development of trastuzumab is considered to be one of the greatest improvements in breast cancer treatment in recent years. This study aims to evaluate changes in the uptake of trastuzumab over the last 12 years and to determine whether its use is proportional to patient needs in the European Union and the USA. METHODS: Using national registry data, the number of new cases of HER2-positive breast cancer patients per year was estimated. The number of likely trastuzumab treatments per year was estimated using trastuzumab procurement data for each country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291609/a-comparative-study-of-fire-weather-indices-in-a-semiarid-south-eastern-europe-region-case-of-study-murcia-spain
#6
Julio Pérez-Sánchez, Javier Senent-Aparicio, José María Díaz-Palmero, Juan de Dios Cabezas-Cerezo
Forest fires are an important distortion in forest ecosystems, linked to their development and whose effects proceed beyond the destruction of ecosystems and material properties, especially in semiarid regions. Prevention of forest fires has to lean on indices based on available parameters that quantify fire risk ignition and spreading. The present study was conducted to compare four fire weather indices in a semiarid region of 11,314km(2) located in southern Spain, characterised as being part of the most damaged area by fire in the Iberian Peninsula...
March 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290078/factors-influencing-distribution-and-local-coexistence-of-diploids-and-tetraploids-of-vicia-cracca-inferences-from-a-common-garden-experiment
#7
Anežka Eliášová, Zuzana Münzbergová
Vicia cracca diploids and autotetraploids are highly parapatric in Europe; tetraploids reside in western and northern part, whereas diploids occupy much drier south-eastern part. They meet together in a Central European contact zone. This distribution pattern raised questions about a transformative effect of polyploidization on plant performance and environmental tolerances. We investigated plant survival, growth, and seed production in two water regimes in a common garden experiment using seeds collected from five localities in the Central European contact zone where diploids and tetraploids occur in sympatry...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288060/the-global-incidence-of-appendicitis-a-systematic-review-of-population-based-studies
#8
Mollie Ferris, Samuel Quan, Belle S Kaplan, Natalie Molodecky, Chad G Ball, Greg W Chernoff, Nij Bhala, Subrata Ghosh, Elijah Dixon, Siew Ng, Gilaad G Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: We compared the incidence of appendicitis or appendectomy across the world and evaluated temporal trends. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Population-based studies reported the incidence of appendicitis. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for population-based studies reporting the incidence of appendicitis or appendectomy. Time trends were explored using Poisson regression and reported as annual percent change (APC) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285892/origins-of-recently-emerged-foci-of-the-tick-dermacentor-reticulatus-in-central-europe-inferred-from-molecular-markers
#9
Agnieszka Kloch, Ewa J Mierzejewska, Grzegorz Karbowiak, Kateryna Slivinska, Mohammed Alsarraf, Anna Rodo, Maciej Kowalec, Dorota Dwużnik, Yuliya M Didyk, Anna Bajer
The ornate dog tick Dermacentor reticulatus is vector of several blood parasites, including Babesia canis, a causative agent of babesiosis. The geographical range of D. reticulatus in Europe is discontinuous with a gap separating eastern and western macroregions. New foci observed in several locations in western and central Europe were considered an expansion of the western population, including foci in western Poland. In the present paper we used molecular markers to identify the origins of these foci, and we compared their genetic polymorphism to D...
February 28, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284811/ischemic-heart-disease-in-immigrants-from-eastern-europe-in-spain-unicentric-experience
#10
Pablo Elpidio García-Granja, Ignacio J Amat-Santos, Maximiliano G Amado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283861/injuries-among-immigrants-treated-in-primary-care-in-madrid-spain
#11
Ana Clara Zoni, María Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, María Dolores Esteban-Vasallo, Luis Miguel Velázquez-Buendía, Vendula Blaya-Nováková, Enrique Regidor
This study compared the injury incidence rates by sex in adult immigrant and native population attended in primary care in the Community of Madrid, Spain. Cross-sectional study of injuries registered in the primary care electronic medical record in 2012. Crude and age-adjusted incidence rates by sex, region of birth and type of injury were calculated. Poisson regression was performed. In both sexes, the highest crude injury incidence rate was found in immigrants from North Africa, followed by the native population...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281087/genetic-differentiation-between-upland-and-lowland-populations-shapes-the-y-chromosomal-landscape-of-west-asia
#12
O Balanovsky, M Chukhryaeva, V Zaporozhchenko, V Urasin, M Zhabagin, A Hovhannisyan, A Agdzhoyan, K Dibirova, M Kuznetsova, S Koshel, E Pocheshkhova, I Alborova, R Skhalyakho, O Utevska, Kh Mustafin, L Yepiskoposyan, C Tyler-Smith, E Balanovska
Y-chromosomal variation in West Asian populations has so far been studied in less detail than in the neighboring Europe. Here, we analyzed 598 Y-chromosomes from two West Asian subregions-Transcaucasia and the Armenian plateau-using 40 Y-SNPs and 17 Y-STRs and combined them with previously published data from the region. The West Asian populations fell into two clusters: upland populations from the Anatolian, Armenian and Iranian plateaus, and lowland populations from the Levant, Mesopotamia and the Arabian Peninsula...
April 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272136/timing-of-combined-antiretroviral-treatment-initiation-in-male-and-female-migrants-living-with-hiv-in-western-europe
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: We evaluate differences in timing of cART (combined antiretroviral treatment) initiation by geographical origin in male and female HIV-positive patients in the Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe, a large European Collaboration of HIV Cohorts. METHODS: We included individuals recruited in Western Europe between January 1997 and March 2013, with known geographical origin and at least 1 CD4 cell count measurement while cART-naive...
March 27, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264791/more-than-5000-patients-with-metastatic-melanoma-in-europe-per-year-do-not-have-access-to-recommended-first-line-innovative-treatments
#14
L Kandolf Sekulovic, K Peris, A Hauschild, A Stratigos, J-J Grob, P Nathan, R Dummer, A-M Forsea, C Hoeller, H Gogas, L Demidov, C Lebbe, C Blank, J Olah, L Bastholt, D Herceg, B Neyns, R Vieira, J Hansson, P Rutkowski, I Krajsova, M Bylaite-Bucinskiene, I Zalaudek, J Maric-Brozic, N Babovic, M Banjin, K Putnik, G Weinlich, V Todorovic, K Kirov, J Ocvirk, A Zhukavets, M Kukushkina, L De La Cruz Merino, A Ymeri, M Risteski, C Garbe
BACKGROUND: Despite the efficacy of innovative treatments for metastatic melanoma, their high costs has led to disparities in cancer care among different European countries. We analysed the availability of these innovative therapies in Europe and estimated the number of patients without access to first-line recommended treatment per current guidelines of professional entities such as the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), the European Association of Dermato-Oncology (EADO), and European Dermatology Forum (EDF)...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261565/borrelia-diversity-and-co-infection-with-other-tick-borne-pathogens-in-ticks
#15
Cristian Raileanu, Sara Moutailler, Ionuţ Pavel, Daniela Porea, Andrei D Mihalca, Gheorghe Savuta, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat
Identifying Borrelia burgdorferi as the causative agent of Lyme disease in 1981 was a watershed moment in understanding the major impact that tick-borne zoonoses can have on public health worldwide, particularly in Europe and the USA. The medical importance of tick-borne diseases has long since been acknowledged, yet little is known regarding the occurrence of emerging tick-borne pathogens such as Borrelia spp., Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia spp., Bartonella spp., "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis", and tick-borne encephalitis virus in questing ticks in Romania, a gateway into Europe...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259724/current-status-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-issues-challenges-and-future-directions
#16
REVIEW
Seif S Al-Abri, Idris Al Abaidani, Mehdi Fazlalipour, Ehsan Mostafavi, Hakan Leblebicioglu, Natalia Pshenichnaya, Ziad A Memishemish, Roger Hewson, Jorgen Eskild Petersen, Peter Mala, Tran Minh Nhu Nguyen, Mamunur Rahman Malik, Pierre Formenty, Rosanna Lucy Jeffries
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is the most wide-spread, tick-borne viral disease affecting humans. The disease is endemic in many regions such as Africa, Asia, Eastern and Southern Europe, and Central Asia. Recently, the incidence of CCHF has increased rapidly in the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region of the World Health Organization (WHO), with sporadic human cases and outbreaks of CCHF being reported from a number of countries in the region. Despite the rapidly growing incidence of the disease, there is currently no accurate data on the burden of the disease in the region due to different surveillance systems for CCHF in the countries...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257597/international-patterns-and-trends-in-ovarian-cancer-incidence-overall-and-by-histologic-subtype
#17
S B Coburn, F Bray, M E Sherman, B Trabert
Internationally, ovarian cancer is the 7(th) leading cancer diagnosis and 8(th) leading cause of cancer mortality among women. Ovarian cancer incidence varies by region, particularly when comparing high versus low income countries. Temporal changes in reproductive factors coupled with shifts in diagnostic criteria may have influenced incidence trends of ovarian cancer and relative rates by histologic subtype. Accordingly, we evaluated trends in ovarian cancer incidence overall (1973-1977 to 2003-2007) and by histologic subtype (1988-1992 to 2003-2007) using volumes IV-IX of the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents database (CI5plus) and CI5X (volume X) database...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257470/rethinking-the-history-of-common-walnut-juglans-regia-l-in-europe-its-origins-and-human-interactions
#18
Paola Pollegioni, Keith Woeste, Francesca Chiocchini, Stefano Del Lungo, Marco Ciolfi, Irene Olimpieri, Virginia Tortolano, Jo Clark, Gabriel E Hemery, Sergio Mapelli, Maria Emilia Malvolti
Common walnut (Juglans regia L) is an economically important species cultivated worldwide for its high-quality wood and nuts. It is generally accepted that after the last glaciation J. regia survived and grew in almost completely isolated stands in Asia, and that ancient humans dispersed walnuts across Asia and into new habitats via trade and cultural expansion. The history of walnut in Europe is a matter of debate, however. In this study, we estimated the genetic diversity and structure of 91 Eurasian walnut populations using 14 neutral microsatellites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255541/the-commodification-of-mobile-workers-in-europe-a-comparative-perspective-on-capital-and-labour-in-austria-the-netherlands-and-sweden
#19
Mark van Ostaijen, Ursula Reeger, Karin Zelano
One of the defining features of contemporary Europe is the freedom of movement of persons. Despite its advantages, this 'freedom of movement' is also contested, since it has been shown to cause discrimination, exploitation and pave the way for a 'race to the bottom'. How can we understand the social-economic consequences of free movement in Europe? To answer this question, we developed a typology along the dimensions value of work and degree of power which delivers four ideal types of labour relationships: exploitative, deprived, greedy and esteemed...
2017: Comp Migr Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251646/introduction-to-the-special-section-advances-in-psychological-prevention-and-treatment-interventions-to-promote-children-s-mental-health
#20
Abigail H Gewirtz, Adriana Youssef
This paper introduces the Special Section on Advances in Psychological Prevention and Treatment Interventions to Promote Children's Mental Health. The three articles in the Special Section provide perspectives on the adaptation, evaluation, and implementation of evidence-based psychological interventions for children in countries in Northern and Eastern Europe, and Latin America. The articles highlight disparate methodologies for the examination of intervention data, including addressing causal inference in the absence of availability of true experiment data (i...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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