keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

eastern Europe

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526419/a-brief-history-of-the-discovery-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-in-the-late-1930s-based-on-reminiscences-of-members-of-the-expeditions-their-colleagues-and-relatives
#1
REVIEW
Vladimir I Zlobin, Vanda V Pogodina, Olaf Kahl
Tick-borne encephalitis virus is the etiological agent of a severe human disease transmitted by hard ticks. It occurs in large parts of eastern, central, and western Asia and in Europe with thousands of human cases each year. Here, the discovery of the virus by Soviet scientists in the late 1930s in the Far East is described. The pioneering work involved with this discovery, which resulted in great scientific and epidemiological achievement, was undertaken under the most difficult conditions, and some of the scientists and their technical assistants paid for it with their health and even their lives...
May 5, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526288/the-association-between-mid-facial-morphology-and-climate-in-northeast-europe-differs-from-that-in-north-asia-implications-for-understanding-the-morphology-of-late-pleistocene-homo-sapiens
#2
Andrej A Evteev, Alla A Movsesian, Alexandra N Grosheva
The climate of northeastern Europe is likely to resemble in many ways Late Pleistocene periglacial conditions in Europe, but there have been relatively few studies exploring the association between climate and morphology in the mid-face of modern northeastern European populations. To fill this gap, we sampled 540 male skulls from 22 European and Near Eastern groups, including 314 skulls from 11 populations from northeastern Europe, to test for possible climate-morphology association at the continental scale...
June 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515210/impact-of-perceived-control-on-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-three-urban-populations-of-central-and-eastern-europe-the-hapiee-study
#3
Magdalena Kozela, Andrzej Pająk, Agnieszka Micek, Agnieszka Besala, Ruzena Kubinova, Sofia Malyutina, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Hynek Pikhart, Anne Peasey, Yuri Nikitin, Michael Marmot, Martin Bobak
BACKGROUND: Inverse associations between perceived control and cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been reported in studies from Western Europe and the USA. To assess this relationship across different populations, we investigated the association between perceived control and all-cause and CVD mortality in three population-based cohorts of Eastern European countries. METHODS: We analysed data from a prospective cohort study in random population samples in Krakow (Poland), Novosibirsk (Russia) and six Czech towns...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#4
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512355/ancient-and-recent-admixture-layers-in-sicily-and-southern-italy-trace-multiple-migration-routes-along-the-mediterranean
#5
Stefania Sarno, Alessio Boattini, Luca Pagani, Marco Sazzini, Sara De Fanti, Andrea Quagliariello, Guido Alberto Gnecchi Ruscone, Etienne Guichard, Graziella Ciani, Eugenio Bortolini, Chiara Barbieri, Elisabetta Cilli, Rosalba Petrilli, Ilia Mikerezi, Luca Sineo, Miguel Vilar, Spencer Wells, Donata Luiselli, Davide Pettener
The Mediterranean shores stretching between Sicily, Southern Italy and the Southern Balkans witnessed a long series of migration processes and cultural exchanges. Accordingly, present-day population diversity is composed by multiple genetic layers, which make the deciphering of different ancestral and historical contributes particularly challenging. We address this issue by genotyping 511 samples from 23 populations of Sicily, Southern Italy, Greece and Albania with the Illumina GenoChip Array, also including new samples from Albanian- and Greek-speaking ethno-linguistic minorities of Southern Italy...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509785/inflammatory-bowel-disease-treatment-in-eastern-europe-current-status-challenges-and-needs
#6
Igor L Khalif, Marina V Shapina
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To analyze the available studies of course, diagnosis and treatment of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Eastern Europe. RECENT FINDINGS: According to published data, full epidemiological studies were conducted only in Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary and Romania. Russia was recently included in the EpiCom study, although only Moscow region data were provided. SUMMARY: We summarize previously published and unpublished data on the epidemiology, IBD diagnosis and treatment in Eastern Europe...
May 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506134/efficacy-and-safety-of-etanercept-in-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-in-the-presta-study-analysis-in-patients-from-central-and-eastern-europe
#7
Nemanja Damjanov, Sarolta Karpati, Lajos Kemeny, Noemi Bakos, Branislav Bobic, Maria Majdan, Witold Tlustochowicz, Petr Vitek, Eva Dokoupilova, Emre Aldinc, Annette Szumski
BACKGROUND: Data are limited on the effectiveness of anti-TNF and other biologics on psoriatric arthritis (PsA) in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of etanercept (ETN) in PsA patients from CEE. METHODS: In PRESTA, patients were randomised to receive ETN 50 mg BIW or 50 mg QW for 12 weeks (double-blind phase), and ETN 50 mg QW for 12 additional weeks (open-label). In this analysis only patients from Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Serbia were included...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499722/babesia-genotypes-in-haemaphysalis-concinna-collected-from-birds-in-hungary-reflect-phylogeographic-connections-with-siberia-and-the-far-east
#8
Barbara Flaisz, Kinga M Sulyok, Dávid Kováts, Jenő Kontschán, Tibor Csörgő, Ármin Csipak, Miklós Gyuranecz, Sándor Hornok
Haemaphysalis concinna is the second most common tick species attaching to birds in Hungary. Recently, Babesia genotypes, found in Siberia and the Far East, have been detected in this tick species collected from the vegetation in Hungary and Slovakia. The aim of this study was to molecularly investigate if these piroplasms also occur in H. concinna carried by migratory birds, which might explain their occurrence in the western Palaearctic. During a 2-year period, 321 H. concinna larvae and nymphs were collected from 121 passerine birds (of 19 species) in Hungary...
April 27, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498832/prenatal-exposure-to-the-great-chinese-famine-and-mid-age-hypertension
#9
Lei Wu, Xueqin Feng, Axin He, Yi Ding, Xiuwen Zhou, Zhice Xu
BACKGROUND: One of the most terrible famines last century was Great Chinese Famine (GCF) in 1959~1961 when millions of people died from starving. Under-nutrition during famine between the Western and Eastern (Dutch Hungry vs. GCF) was similar, while cardiovascular consequences might not be the same. Addressing such questions may gain new insight into prevention of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 18,593 participants aged 43-49 years of old, was from Suzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497659/complete-genome-sequence-of-bluetongue-virus-serotype-4-that-emerged-on-the-french-island-of-corsica-in-december-2016
#10
C Sailleau, E Breard, C Viarouge, A Gorlier, H Quenault, E Hirchaud, F Touzain, Y Blanchard, D Vitour, S Zientara
In November 2016, sheep located in the south of Corsica island exhibited clinical signs suggestive of bluetongue virus (BTV) infection. Laboratory analyses allowed to isolate and identify a BTV strain of serotype 4. The analysis of the full viral genome showed that all the 10 genomic segments were closely related to those of the BTV-4 present in Hungary in 2014 and involved in a large BT outbreak in the Balkan Peninsula. These results together with epidemiological data suggest that BTV-4 has been introduced to Corsica from Italy (Sardinia) where BTV-4 outbreaks have been reported in autumn 2016...
May 11, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495687/phenotypes-of-copd-patients-with-a-smoking-history-in-central-and-eastern-europe-the-pope-study
#11
Vladimir Koblizek, Branislava Milenkovic, Adam Barczyk, Ruzena Tkacova, Attila Somfay, Kirill Zykov, Neven Tudoric, Kosta Kostov, Zuzana Zbozinkova, Jan Svancara, Jurij Sorli, Alvils Krams, Marc Miravitlles, Arschang Valipour
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a major health problem in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries; however, there are no data regarding clinical phenotypes of these patients in this region.Participation in the Phenotypes of COPD in Central and Eastern Europe (POPE) study was offered to stable patients with COPD in a real-life setting. The primary aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of phenotypes according to predefined criteria. Secondary aims included analysis of differences in symptom load, comorbidities and pharmacological treatment...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495549/a-blind-spot-on-the-global-mental-health-map-a-scoping-review-of-25-years-development-of-mental-health-care-for-people-with-severe-mental-illnesses-in-central-and-eastern-europe
#12
REVIEW
Petr Winkler, Dzmitry Krupchanka, Tessa Roberts, Lucie Kondratova, Vendula Machů, Cyril Höschl, Norman Sartorius, Robert Van Voren, Oleg Aizberg, Istvan Bitter, Arlinda Cerga-Pashoja, Azra Deljkovic, Naim Fanaj, Arunas Germanavicius, Hristo Hinkov, Aram Hovsepyan, Fuad N Ismayilov, Sladana Strkalj Ivezic, Marek Jarema, Vesna Jordanova, Selma Kukić, Nino Makhashvili, Brigita Novak Šarotar, Oksana Plevachuk, Daria Smirnova, Bogdan Ioan Voinescu, Jelena Vrublevska, Graham Thornicroft
Just over 25 years have passed since the major sociopolitical changes in central and eastern Europe; our aim was to map and analyse the development of mental health-care practice for people with severe mental illnesses in this region since then. A scoping review was complemented by an expert survey in 24 countries. Mental health-care practice in the region differs greatly across as well as within individual countries. National policies often exist but reforms remain mostly in the realm of aspiration. Services are predominantly based in psychiatric hospitals...
May 8, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494287/-137-cs-contamination-over-transylvania-region-romania-after-chernobyl-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#13
R Cs Begy, H Simon, D Vasilache, Sz Kelemen, C Cosma
Following the radionuclide releases due to Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident, various studies were completed by researchers all over the world in order to measure the surface contaminations by artificial radionuclides. The aim of this study was to evaluate (137)Cs surface contamination and to create an inventory distribution for Transylvania region (Romania) after the Chernobyl event using γ spectrometric measurements on soil samples collected from 153 locations. The results were compared to measured data from the Danube Delta and Moldova Republic, as well as to (137)Cs concentrations from the rest of Europe reported by literature...
May 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492419/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-and-antigens-against-hepatitis-a-e-viruses-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-germany-in-2015
#14
Alexandra Jablonka, Philipp Solbach, Michael Wöbse, Michael P Manns, Reinhold E Schmidt, Heiner Wedemeyer, Markus Cornberg, Georg M N Behrens, Svenja Hardtke
BACKGROUND: Migration because of miscellaneous political crises in countries in the Middle East and Africa is a global challenge for whole Europe from an economic, social, and public health view. There is an urgent need to generate comprehensive, evidence-based data to expedite further screening and vaccination strategies. METHODS: A total of 604 individuals ranging in age from 2 to 68 years who enrolled at a single reception center were tested for the prevalence of serologic markers for hepatitis virus types A, B, C, D, and E (HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, HEV), respectively...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492180/batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis-is-present-in-poland-and-associated-with-reduced-fitness-in-wild-populations-of-pelophylax-lessonae
#15
Krzysztof Kolenda, Anna Najbar, Maria Ogielska, Vojtech Balá
The fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a pathogen associated with global declines of amphibians. We used qPCR to detect Bd in 255 samples from 10 Polish populations of 8 species. We found Bd infection in 3 species (Bombina variegata, Pelophylax lessonae, P. esculentus). The infection intensity in P. lessonae reached a maximum of 58400 genomic equivalents of zoospores (GE), and the 2 most heavily infected individuals died. Previous observations of the populations that included infected individuals showed reduced body size, failure to reproduce, and mortalities of adults...
May 11, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487690/characterization-of-novel-reassortant-influenza-a-h5n2-viruses-isolated-from-poultry-in-eastern-china-2015
#16
Haibo Wu, Rufeng Lu, Xiuming Peng, Xiaorong Peng, Linfang Cheng, Fumin Liu, Nanping Wu
Recently, novel variants of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have been frequently isolated from poultry and wild birds in Asia, Europe and North America. Live poultry markets (LPMs) play an important role in the dissemination of influenza viruses. Four H5N2 AIVs were isolated from poultry during surveillance of AIVs in LPMs in Eastern China, in 2015. Whole-genome sequencing, combined with phylogenetic and antigenic analyses were performed to characterize these viruses. These H5N2 viruses had undergone extensive reassortment resulting in two genetic groups of viruses in poultry...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487165/west-nile-virus-outbreak-in-israel-in-2015-phylogenetic-and-geographic-characterization-in-humans-and-mosquitoes
#17
Yaniv Lustig, Zalman Kaufman, Batya Mannasse, Ravit Koren, Shiri Katz-Likvornik, Laor Orshan, Aharona Glatman-Freedman, Ella Mendelson
OBJECTIVES: West Nile Virus (WNV) is endemic in Israel and was responsible for several outbreaks in the past 16 years. The aim of the present study was to investigate the spatial distribution of WNV acute infections from an outbreak which occurred in 2015 in Israel and report the molecular and geographic characterization of WNV isolates from human cases and mosquito pools obtained during this outbreak. METHODS: Using a geographical layer comprising 51 continuous areas of Israel, the number of WNV infection cases per 100,000 people in each area and the locations of WNV-infected mosquitoes in 2015 were analyzed...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486544/serotype-distribution-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-causing-invasive-disease-in-children-in-the-post-pcv-era-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Evelyn Balsells, Laurence Guillot, Harish Nair, Moe H Kyaw
BACKGROUND: Routine immunisation with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7/10/13) has reduced invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) due to vaccine serotypes significantly. However, an increase in disease due to non-vaccine types, or serotype replacement, has been observed. Serotypes' individual contributions to IPD play a critical role in determining the overall effects of PCVs. This study examines the distribution of pneumococcal serotypes in children to identify leading serotypes associated with IPD post-PCV introduction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485825/new-evidence-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-north-eastern-italy
#19
V Gaspari, M Ortalli, M P Foschini, C Baldovini, A Lanzoni, R Cagarelli, P Gaibani, G Rossini, C Vocale, R Tigani, G A Gentilomi, C Misciali, S Pesci, A Patrizi, M P Landini, S Varani
BACKGROUND: Human leishmaniasis is on increase the in Mediterranean Europe. However, the exact prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is largely unknown as underdiagnosis and underreporting are common. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate epidemiological, clinico-pathological and microbiological aspects of CL cases occurring in the Bologna province, north-eastern Italy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, observational study on CL cases diagnosed in the Bologna province between January 2013 and December 2015...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485691/adoption-of-the-hpv-vaccine-a-case-study-of-three-emerging-countries
#20
Araceli Caro Martínez, Jaime Espín Balbino, Alexandre Lemgruber, Eva Martín Ruiz, Antonio Olry de Labry Lima, Leticia García-Mochón, Fernanda Lessa
BACKGROUND: The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has recently attracted considerable attention in emerging countries, due to its potential to reduce the impact of HPV-related diseases. This case study sheds new light about the variety of HTA arrangements, methods and processes involved in the adoption and use of HPV vaccines in a selected sample of central, eastern and southern Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean, all of them emerging in the use of HTA. MATERIALS & METHODS: A multi-country case study was designed...
May 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
keyword
keyword
121128
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"