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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436542/intercontinental-telehealth-coaching-of-therapists-to-improve-verbalizations-by-children-with-autism
#1
Ana Barkaia, Trevor F Stokes, Tamar Mikiashvili
This study examined the effects of intercontinental telehealth coaching on the mastery of therapists' skills and improvements in verbalizations by children with autism, testing whether telehealth can be a solution for underserved communities in developing countries such as Georgia-Sakartvelo in Eastern Europe. Three therapists delivering and three children with autism receiving early-intervention services from the nongovernmental organization Children of Georgia in Tbilisi participated. Experimenters provided coaching from Virginia, USA to therapists in Georgia-Sakartvelo...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434417/health-technology-assessment-in-central-eastern-and-south-europe-countries-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#2
Vladimir Guzvic, Tarik Catic, Marina Kostic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the healthcare system and health financing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recent trends in health technology assessment (HTA) placement in the system. METHODS: A short review of PubMed published literature has been conducted using key words related to reimbursement, HTA, and health policy. We also revised legislation in Bosnia and Herzegovina published in Official Gazettes related to healthcare financing and organization...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433573/rodents-as-a-reservoir-of-infection-caused-by-multiple-zoonotic-species-genotypes-of-c-parvum-c-hominis-c-suis-c-scrofarum-and-the-first-evidence-of-c-muskrat-genotypes-i-and-ii-of-rodents-in-europe
#3
REVIEW
Oľga Danišová, Alexandra Valenčáková, Michal Stanko, Lenka Luptáková, Elena Hatalová, Alexander Čanády
Cryptosporidium spp. is an important causative agent of intestinal parasitoses-induced diarrhoea in humans and animals worldwide. Rodents (small mammals), the main reservoir of infections, are globally expanded and overpopulated, which increases the risk of transfer of human and zoonotic pathogens from the genus Cryptosporidium. In this study, Cryptosporidium was detected in wild immunocompetent asymptomatic small mammals. Altogether 262 faecal samples were collected from five areas in eastern Slovakia from four different rodent species (Myodes glareolus, Apodemus agrarius, Apodemus flavicollis, Rattus norvegicus), eight samples originated from two insectivore species (Sorex araneus, Crocidura suaveolens) and two sample from a carnivore Mustela nivalis...
April 19, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432859/the-impact-of-global-climate-change-on-the-spread-of-parasitic-nematodes
#4
Anna Okulewicz
Climate changes may influence the frequency, intensity and geographical distribution of parasites, directly affecting their dispersive stages in the environment (eggs, larvae) and, indirectly, the larvae living mainly in invertebrate intermediate hosts. In biologically diverse nematodes climate warming contributes to the increase in the range of distribution, colonization of new hosts and modification of their development cycles. This is particularly acute in the Arctic and pertains, for instance, to nematodes Ostertagia gruehneri and Setaria tundra parasitizing reindeer Rangifer tarandus and Umingmakstrongylus pallikuukensis in musk oxen (Ovibos moschatus)...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431128/binge-drinking-and-well-being-in-european-older-adults-do-gender-and-region-matter
#5
Sonsoles Fuentes, Usama Bilal, Iñaki Galán, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Manuel Franco, Mariana Lazo
We aimed to describe gender and region differences in the prevalence of binge drinking and in the association between binge drinking and well-being, among older adult Europeans. This is a cross-sectional study using the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave 4, conducted between 2011 and 2012, including 58 489 individuals aged 50 years or older. Sixteen European countries were grouped in four drinking culture regions: South, Central, North and East. We categorized drinking patterns as: never, former, no-binge and binge drinkers...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431085/health-status-in-europe-comparison-of-24-urban-areas-to-the-corresponding-10-countries-euro-urhis-2
#6
E M Koster, R de Gelder, F Di Nardo, G Williams, A Harrison, L P van Buren, H Lyshol, L Patterson, C A Birt, J Higgerson, P W Achterberg, A Verma, E J C van Ameijden
: In Europe, over 70% of the population live in urban areas (UAs). Most international comparative health research is done using national level data, as reliable and comparable urban data are often unavailable or difficult to access. This study aims to investigate whether population health is different in UAs compared with their corresponding countries. : Routinely available health-related data were collected by the EURO-URHIS 2 project, for 10 European countries and for 24 UAs within those countries. National and UA level data for 11 health indicators were compared through the calculation of relative difference, and geographical patterns within Europe were investigated using the Mann Whitney U test...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430363/cerebrolysin-for-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#7
REVIEW
Liliya Eugenevna Ziganshina, Tatyana Abakumova, Ludivine Vernay
BACKGROUND: Cerebrolysin is a mixture of low-molecular-weight peptides and amino acids derived from pigs' brain tissue, which has potential neuroprotective and neurotrophic properties. It is widely used in the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke in Russia, Eastern Europe, China, and other Asian and post-Soviet countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and risks of cerebrolysin for treating acute ischaemic stroke. SEARCH METHODS: In May 2016 we searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science Core Collection, with Science Citation Index, LILACS, OpenGrey, and a number of Russian Databases...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430168/classical-swine-fever-an-updated-review
#8
REVIEW
Sandra Blome, Christoph Staubach, Julia Henke, Jolene Carlson, Martin Beer
Classical swine fever (CSF) remains one of the most important transboundary viral diseases of swine worldwide. The causative agent is CSF virus, a small, enveloped RNA virus of the genus Pestivirus. Based on partial sequences, three genotypes can be distinguished that do not, however, directly correlate with virulence. Depending on both virus and host factors, a wide range of clinical syndromes can be observed and thus, laboratory confirmation is mandatory. To this means, both direct and indirect methods are utilized with an increasing degree of commercialization...
April 21, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426782/peste-des-petits-ruminants-ppr-a-neglected-tropical-disease-in-maghreb-region-of-north-africa-and-its-threat-to-europe
#9
Ratiba Baazizi, Mana Mahapatra, Brian Donald Clarke, Khatima Ait-Oudhia, Djamel Khelef, Satya Parida
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR has been targeted for eradication by 2030 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OIE, after the successful eradication of the related disease, rinderpest in cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420539/hta-and-decision-making-processes-in-central-eastern-and-south-eastern-europe-results-from-a-survey
#10
Leticia García-Mochón, Jaime Espín Balbino, Antonio Olry de Labry Lima, Araceli Caro Martinez, Eva Martin Ruiz, Román Pérez Velasco
OBJECTIVE: To gain knowledge and insights on health technology assessment (HTA) and decision-making processes in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe (CESEE) countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed. Based on the literature, a questionnaire was developed in a multi-stage process. The questionnaire was arranged according to 5 broad domains: (i) introduction/country settings; (ii) use of HTA in the country; (iii) decision-making process; (iv) implementation of decisions; and (v) HTA and decision-making: future challenges...
March 31, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407785/first-autochthonous-cases-of-canine-thelaziosis-in-slovakia-a-new-affected-area-in-central-europe
#11
Viktória Čabanová, Peter Kocák, Bronislava Víchová, Martina Miterpáková
BACKGROUND: The spirurid nematode Thelazia callipaeda, also called the "Oriental eyeworm", is the causative agent of canine and human ocular thelaziosis. In the past few years it has started to spread across central Europe and new endemic areas have been established. The present study reports on the first four autochthonous cases of canine ocular thelaziosis in the territory of Slovakia, Central Europe. RESULTS: All cases were recorded in dogs living in eastern Slovakia, near the border with the Ukraine...
April 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407014/prevalence-of-macrolide-and-fluoroquinolone-resistance-mediating-mutations-in-mycoplasma-genitalium-in-five-cities-in-russia-and-estonia
#12
Elena Shipitsyna, Tatiana Rumyantseva, Daniel Golparian, Guzel Khayrullina, Amaya C Lagos, Inna Edelstein, Kai Joers, Jörgen S Jensen, Alevtina Savicheva, Natalia Rudneva, Larisa Sukhanova, Roman Kozlov, Alexander Guschin, Magnus Unemo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Resistance in the sexually transmitted bacterium Mycoplasma genitalium to all recommended therapeutic antimicrobials have rapidly emerged. However, to date, internationally reported resistance surveillance data for M. genitalium strains circulating in Eastern Europe are entirely lacking. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of macrolide and fluoroquinolone resistance-associated mutations in M. genitalium in four cities in Russia and one in Estonia, 2013-2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406359/enantioselective-analysis-of-chloramphenicol-residues-in-honey-samples-by-chiral-lc-msms-and-results-of-a-honey-survey
#13
Gerhard G Rimkus, Dirk Hoffmann
Chloramphenicol (CAP) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used widely both in human and in veterinary medication. Since 1994 CAP is not authorised anymore for use in food-producing animals in the EU due to several adverse effects. A minimum required performance level (MRPL) 0.3 µg kg(-1) was established in 2003. CAP molecule contains two asymmetric centres thus in total four para-CAP stereoisomers exist. Only the RR-CAP enantiomer is bioactive having significant antimicrobial activity. For the first time a chiral LC/MSMS method is reported to identify and quantify the four CAP enantiomers at residue levels in honey samples...
April 13, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404117/end-stage-liver-disease-in-eastern-europe-and-central-asia-action-is-needed
#14
Sandro Vento, Francesca Cainelli, Aiymkul Ashimkhanova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402796/insights-into-the-phylogeny-of-northern-hemisphere-armillaria-neighbor-net-and-bayesian-analyses-of-translation-elongation-factor-1-%C3%AE-gene-sequences
#15
Ned B Klopfenstein, Jane E Stewart, Yuko Ota, John W Hanna, Bryce A Richardson, Amy L Ross-Davis, Rubén D Elías-Román, Kari Korhonen, Nenad Keča, Eugenia Iturritxa, Dionicio Alvarado-Rosales, Halvor Solheim, Nicholas J Brazee, Piotr Łakomy, Michelle R Cleary, Eri Hasegawa, Taisei Kikuchi, Fortunato Garza-Ocañas, Panaghiotis Tsopelas, Daniel Rigling, Simone Prospero, Tetyana Tsykun, Jean A Bérubé, Franck O P Stefani, Saeideh Jafarpour, Vladimír Antonín, Michal Tomšovský, Geral I McDonald, Stephen Woodward, Mee-Sook Kim
Armillaria possesses several intriguing characteristics that have inspired wide interest in understanding phylogenetic relationships within and among species of this genus. Nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence-based analyses of Armillaria provide only limited information for phylogenetic studies among widely divergent taxa. More recent studies have shown that translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) sequences are highly informative for phylogenetic analysis of Armillaria species within diverse global regions. This study used Neighbor-net and coalescence-based Bayesian analyses to examine phylogenetic relationships of newly determined and existing tef1 sequences derived from diverse Armillaria species from across the Northern Hemisphere, with Southern Hemisphere Armillaria species included for reference...
2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396061/-chromomycosis-acquired-in-a-non-tropical-area-a-case-report
#16
M S Ouédraogo, M-D Vignon-Pennamen, M Battistella, A Levy, M Feuilhade de Chauvin, A Petit
BACKGROUND: Chromomycosis, or chromoblastomycosis, is caused by cutaneous inoculation of dematiaceous fungi of telluric or plant origin. It is generally seen in tropical or subtropical zones. Treatment of the condition is known to be complex. Herein we report a case of chromomycosis contracted in a temperate region of Eastern Europe/Central Asia that was effectively treated with oral itraconazole and terbinafine in combination with cryotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 44-year-old immunocompetent male subject consulted for a lesion on the buttocks that he had sustained 16 years earlier, and which, although never previously treated, had only become troublesome within the last few months...
April 7, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389443/emerging-opportunities-and-challenges-for-hiv-prevention-treatment-and-care-for-msm-in-the-former-soviet-union-and-other-post-communist-states-in-eastern-europe
#17
EDITORIAL
Yuri A Amirkhanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387987/molecular-markers-provide-evidence-for-a-broad-fronted-recolonization-of-the-widespread-calcareous-grassland-species-sanguisorba-minor-salad-burnett-from-southern-and-cryptic-northern-refugia
#18
Simone Tausch, Martin Leipold, Peter Poschlod, Christoph Reisch
• Calcareous grasslands belong to the most species rich and endangered habitats in Europe. However, little is known about the origin of the species typically occurring in these grasslands. In this study we analysed, therefore, the glacial and postglacial history of Sanguisorba minor (Salad Burnett), a typical plant species frequently occurring in calcareous grasslands. • The study comprised 38 populations throughout the whole distribution range of the species across Europe. We used molecular markers (AFLPs) and applied Bayesian cluster analysis as well as spatial Principal Component Analysis (sPCA) to identify glacial refugia and postglacial migration routes to Central Europe...
April 7, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386640/newly-developed-ssr-markers-reveal-genetic-diversity-and-geographical-clustering-in-spinach-spinacia-oleracea
#19
Şurhan Göl, Mehmet Göktay, Jens Allmer, Sami Doğanlar, Anne Frary
Spinach is a popular leafy green vegetable due to its nutritional composition. It contains high concentrations of vitamins A, E, C, and K, and folic acid. Development of genetic markers for spinach is important for diversity and breeding studies. In this work, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology was used to develop genomic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. After cleaning and contig assembly, the sequence encompassed 2.5% of the 980 Mb spinach genome. The contigs were mined for SSRs. A total of 3852 SSRs were detected...
April 6, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386123/eastern-mediterranean-mobility-in-the-bronze-and-early-iron-ages-inferences-from-ancient-dna-of-pigs-and-cattle
#20
Meirav Meiri, Philipp W Stockhammer, Nimrod Marom, Guy Bar-Oz, Lidar Sapir-Hen, Peggy Morgenstern, Stella Macheridis, Baruch Rosen, Dorothée Huchon, Joseph Maran, Israel Finkelstein
The Late Bronze of the Eastern Mediterranean (1550-1150 BCE) was a period of strong commercial relations and great prosperity, which ended in collapse and migration of groups to the Levant. Here we aim at studying the translocation of cattle and pigs during this period. We sequenced the first ancient mitochondrial and Y chromosome DNA of cattle from Greece and Israel and compared the results with morphometric analysis of the metacarpal in cattle. We also increased previous ancient pig DNA datasets from Israel and extracted the first mitochondrial DNA for samples from Greece...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
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