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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320146/stroke-related-stigma-among-west-africans-patterns-and-predictors
#1
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Michelle Nichols, Suparna Qanungo, Abeba Teklehaimanot, Arti Singh, Nathaniel Mensah, Raelle Saulson, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Uvere Ezinne, Mayowa Owolabi, Carolyn Jenkins, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life-years lost after stroke in Low & Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) is almost seven times those lost in High-income countries. Although individuals living with chronic neurological and mental disorders are prone to stigma, there is a striking paucity of literature on stroke-related stigma particularly from LMICs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence, severity, determinants and psycho-social consequences of stigma among LMIC stroke survivors...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319715/small-area-spatiotemporal-analysis-of-heatwave-impacts-on-elderly-mortality-in-paris-a-cluster-analysis-approach
#2
Tarik Benmarhnia, Wahida Kihal-Talantikite, Martina S Ragettli, Séverine Deguen
BACKGROUND: Heat-waves have a substantial public health burden. Understanding spatial heterogeneity at a fine spatial scale in relation to heat and related mortality is central to target interventions towards vulnerable communities. OBJECTIVES: To determine the spatial variability of heat-wave-related mortality risk among elderly in Paris, France at the census block level. We also aimed to assess area-level social and environmental determinants of high mortality risk within Paris...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317329/predicting-psychological-distress-of-informal-carers-of-individuals-with-major-depression-or-bipolar-disorder
#3
David Wasley, Samantha Eden
Caring for someone with a mental illness is associated with high levels of burden and psychological distress. Understanding these factors could be important to prevent the development of physical and mental health problems in carers. The purpose of the present study was to determine the contribution of coping styles and social support in predicting the psychological distress reported by informal carers (IC) of individuals with major depression or bipolar disorder. IC (n = 72) of adults with a diagnosed depressive illness were recruited from mental health organizations within the community setting...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317267/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-significant-concern-among-partners-of-prostate-cancer-survivors
#4
Marieke van de Wal, Simône Langenberg, Marieke Gielissen, Belinda Thewes, Inge van Oort, Judith Prins
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to 1) describe the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in partners of prostate cancer (PCa) survivors; 2) to compare the proportions of high FCR in partners with high FCR in PCa survivors; 3) to explore partners' demographic and survivors' clinical characteristics associated with high FCR in partners and 4) to identify the relationship between high FCR and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in partners. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to partners of disease-free PCa survivors...
March 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315175/associations-of-adipose-and-muscle-tissue-parameters-at-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-with-long-term-health-related-quality-of-life
#5
Eline H van Roekel, Martijn J L Bours, Malou E M Te Molder, José J L Breedveld-Peters, Steven W M Olde Damink, Leo J Schouten, Silvia Sanduleanu, Geerard L Beets, Matty P Weijenberg
PURPOSE: Increased visceral adiposity (visceral obesity) and muscle wasting (sarcopenia) at colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis, quantified by computed tomography (CT) image analysis, have been unfavorably associated with short-term clinical outcomes and survival, but associations with long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) have not been investigated. We studied associations of visceral adiposity, muscle fat infiltration, muscle mass, and sarcopenia at CRC diagnosis with HRQoL 2-10 years post-diagnosis...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314499/bringing-global-health-home-the-case-of-global-to-local-in-king-county-washington
#6
EDITORIAL
Adam Taylor, Fareeha Siddiqui
The article describes the experience of testing successful global health interventions in the cities of SeaTac and Tukwila, Washington-2 very diverse, underserved communities outside of Seattle that experience significant health disparities compared with surrounding areas in King County. Topics covered include an overview of the partnership that established Global to Local, the process of engaging Seattle-based global health institutions in identifying global health strategies to test, identifying communities experiencing health disparities that might benefit from global health-inspired interventions, engaging those local communities to understand the perceived drivers of poor health outcomes, tailoring global interventions to the local context, launching programs, and the successes and challenges that have emerged throughout this process...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306675/hypertension-management-in-the-digital-era
#7
Richard V Milani, Robert M Bober, Alexander R Milani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension (HTN) is the most common chronic disease in the United States, and the standard model of office-based care delivery continues to yield suboptimal outcomes, with approximately 50% of affected patients not achieving blood pressure (BP) control. Poor population-level BP control has been primarily attributed to therapeutic inertia and low patient engagement resulting in significant and preventable morbidity and mortality. This review will highlight the rationale for a reengineered model of care delivery for populations with HTN...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306157/psychiatric-diagnoses-among-older-recipients-of-publicly-funded-mental-health-services
#8
Sarah T Stahl, Charles F Reynolds, Ellen M Whyte, Steven M Albert
OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses among older recipients of publicly funded mental health services (county safety-net base services and Medicaid) to psychiatric diagnoses in an insured population of older adults from the same county. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of county human services claims data and claims from an insured population in the same county. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient clinics in Allegheny County, PA...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302351/does-a-primary-health-clinic-for-formerly-incarcerated-women-increase-linkage-to-care
#9
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, James M McMahon, Ann M Dozier, Anabel Quiroz, Catherine Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a primary care-based program to address the health needs of women recently released from incarceration by facilitating access to primary medical, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Peer community health workers recruited women released from incarceration within the past 9 months into the Women's Initiative Supporting Health Transitions Clinic (WISH-TC). Located within an urban academic medical center, WISH-TC uses cultural, gender, and trauma-specific strategies grounded in the self-determination theory of motivation...
March 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301791/professional-and-psychosocial-factors-affecting-the-intention-to-retire-of-australian-medical-practitioners
#10
Chanaka Wijeratne, Joanne K Earl, Carmelle Peisah, Georgina M Luscombe, Johanna Tibbertsma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the professional and personal factors associated with the intention to retire (ITR) by medical practitioners. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey of currently practising Australian doctors aged 55 or older registered with a commercial database. Participants completed an online self-report questionnaire in October 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Associations between intention to retire and demographic and practice characteristics; health; emotional, social and financial resources; work centrality; and anxiety about ageing...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301645/association-of-face-lift-surgery-with-social-perception-age-attractiveness-health-and-success
#11
Jason C Nellis, Masaru Ishii, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Kristin L Bater, Lisa E Ishii
Importance: Evidence quantifying the influence of face-lift surgery on societal perceptions is lacking. Objective: To measure the association of face-lift surgery with observer-graded perceived age, attractiveness, success, and overall health. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a web-based survey, 526 casual observers naive to the purpose of the study viewed independent images of 13 unique female patient faces before or after face-lift surgery from January 1, 2016, through June 30, 2016...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301449/differences-in-health-care-family-and-community-factors-associated-with-mental-behavioral-and-developmental-disorders-among-children-aged-2-8-years-in-rural-and-urban-areas-united-states-2011-2012
#12
Lara R Robinson, Joseph R Holbrook, Rebecca H Bitsko, Sophie A Hartwig, Jennifer W Kaminski, Reem M Ghandour, Georgina Peacock, Akilah Heggs, Coleen A Boyle
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders (MBDDs) begin in early childhood and often affect lifelong health and well-being. Persons who live in rural areas report more health-related disparities than those in urban areas, including poorer health, more health risk behaviors, and less access to health resources. REPORTING PERIOD: 2011-2012. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) is a cross-sectional, random-digit-dial telephone survey of parents or guardians that collects information on noninstitutionalized children aged <18 years in the United States...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301432/patient-reported-outcomes-of-quality-of-life-functioning-and-gi-psychiatric-symptom-severity-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd
#13
Waguih W IsHak, Dana Pan, Alexander J Steiner, Edward Feldman, Amy Mann, James Mirocha, Itai Danovitch, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at risk for psychiatric disorders that impact symptom experience and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Therefore, comprehensive biopsychosocial assessments should be considered in ambulatory care settings. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures created by the National Institutes of Health have shown construct validity in a large IBD internet-based cohort, but their validity in ambulatory settings has not been examined...
March 15, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300965/collective-strategy-for-facing-occupational-risks-of-a-nursing-team
#14
Marli Maria Loro, Regina Célia Gollner Zeitoune
OBJECTIVE: To socialize an educational action through the process of group discussion and reflection, with the aim to increase the care of nursing workers in facing occupational risks. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study using the Convergent Care Research modality with nursing staff working in an emergency department of a hospital in the northwest region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out through educational workshops and information was processed using content analysis, resulting in two thematic categories: A look at the knowledge and practices about occupational risks in nursing; and adherence to protective measures by the nursing team against occupational risks...
March 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300492/recent-im-migration-to-canada-linked-to-unmet-health-needs-among-sex-workers-in-vancouver-canada-findings-of-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Julie Sou, Shira M Goldenberg, Putu Duff, Paul Nguyen, Jean Shoveller, Kate Shannon
Despite universal health care in Canada, sex workers (SWs) and im/migrants experience suboptimal health care access. In this analysis, we examined the correlates of unmet health needs among SWs in Metro Vancouver over time. Data from a longitudinal cohort of women SWs (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access [AESHA]) were used. Of 742 SWs, 25.5% reported unmet health needs at least once over the 4-year study period. In multivariable logistic regression using generalized estimating equations, recent im/migration had the strongest impact on unmet health needs; long-term im/migration, policing, and trauma were also important determinants...
March 16, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296938/childhood-adversities-and-distress-the-role-of-resilience-in-a-representative-sample
#16
Manfred E Beutel, Ana N Tibubos, Eva M Klein, Gabriele Schmutzer, Iris Reiner, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent, Elmar Brähler
While adverse childhood experiences have been shown to contribute to adverse health outcomes in adulthood, specifically distress and somatic symptoms, few studies have examined their joint effects with resilient coping style on adult adjustment. Hence, we aim to determine the association between resilient coping and distress in participants with and without reported childhood adversities. A representative German community sample (N = 2508) between 14-92 years (1334 women; 1174 men) was examined by the short form of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Brief Resilience Coping Scale, standardized scales of distress and somatoform symptoms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296626/multiple-levels-of-social-influence-on-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-decision-making-and-behaviors-in-ghana
#17
Sneha Challa, Abubakar Manu, Emmanuel Morhe, Vanessa K Dalton, Dana Loll, Jessica Dozier, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Kelli Stidham Hall
Little is known about the multi-level social determinants of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) that shape the use of family planning (FP) among young women in Africa. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 63 women aged 15-24 years in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. We used purposive, stratified sampling to recruit women from community-based sites. Interviews were conducted in English or local languages, recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Grounded theory-guided thematic analysis identified salient themes...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296261/determinants-of-adherence-to-lifestyle-intervention-in-adults-with-obesity-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
E Burgess, P Hassmén, K L Pumpa
Lifestyle intervention programmes are efficacious in the management of obesity but often report poor attendance and adherence rates that hinder treatment effectiveness and health outcomes. The aim of this systematic review is to identify (i) barriers to behaviour change and (ii) predictors of adherence to lifestyle intervention programmes in adults with obesity. Studies were identified by systematically reviewing the literature within Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science from inception to August 2016...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295898/the-program-for-personnel-in-medical-institutions-in-japan-to-combat-child-maltreatment
#19
Koji Tanoue, Masayoshi Senda, Byongmun An, Midori Tasaki, Megumi Taguchi, Kosuke Kobashi, Shinji Oana, Fumitake Mizoguchi, Yuko Shiraishi, Fujiko Yamada, Makiko Okuyama, Kotaro Ichikawa
BACKGROUND: In 2014, we created the training program for personnel in medical institutions in Japan to combat child maltreatment. Our objective was to document the effectiveness of the program for professionals from multiple disciplines working in medical institutions. METHODS: The questionnaire designed for the training program included demographic questions such years of practice and area of specialty, i.e. physician, nurse, social worker, public health nurse, technician, and others, as well as experience with suspected child maltreatment cases and training in dealing with such cases...
March 11, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295883/social-and-material-aspects-of-life-and-their-impact-on-the-physical-health-of-people-diagnosed-with-mental-illness
#20
Stephanie B Ewart, Brenda Happell, Julia Bocking, Chris Platania-Phung, Robert Stanton, Brett Scholz
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with mental illness have shorter lives and poorer physical health, compared to the general population. These health inequities are usually viewed at an individual and clinical level, yet there is little research on the views of mental health consumers on clinical factors in broader contexts. OBJECTIVE: To elicit the views of consumers of mental health services regarding their physical health and experiences of accessing physical health-care services...
March 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
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