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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528525/urban-youth-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-lead-poisoning
#1
Sandra Bogar, Aniko Szabo, Shane Woodruff, Sheri Johnson
Environmental health literacy (EHL) is a promising and evolving field of research that could benefit from youth engagement. Yet studies focused on youths' environmental health awareness and concerns are limited. For example, although lead exposure remains a threat to youth development in urban environments, no published studies have measured urban youth's knowledge of lead poisoning. A CBPR partnership established a youth advisory council (YAC) who helped to design, interpret and disseminate a mixed methods study exploring environmental health perceptions among urban youths ages 10-18...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527644/conceptual-structure-of-health-related-quality-of-life-for-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-tbi-qol
#2
Mark Sherer, Julia Maria Paul Poritz, David Tulsky, Pamela Kisala, Luis Leon-Novelo, Esther Ngan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factor structure of the Traumatic Brain Injury - Quality of Life (TBI-QOL) measurement system. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: 3 TBI Model Systems rehabilitation centers in the US PARTICIPANTS: and Methods: 20 TBI-QOL item banks were administered to a sample of 504 community-dwelling adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as part of a study of TBI classification. A subsample of n=200 participants was randomly selected for exploratory factor analyses (EFA), while data from the remaining 304 participants were used for the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)...
May 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527626/the-impact-of-economic-conditions-on-the-disablement-process-a-markov-transition-approach-using-share-data
#3
Y Arrighi, T Rapp, N Sirven
A growing number of studies underline the relationship between socioeconomic status and health at older ages. Following that literature, we explore the impact of economic conditions on changes in functional health overtime. Frailty, a state of physiological instability, has been identified in the public health literature as a candidate for disability prevention but received little attention from health economists. Using SHARE panel data, respondents aged 50 and over from ten European countries were categorised as robust, frail and dependent...
May 10, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527271/self-rated-health-multimorbidity-and-depression-in-mexican-older-adults-proposal-and-evaluation-of-a-simple-conceptual-model
#4
Eduardo Bustos-Vázquez, Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-Garcia
INTRODUCTION: Self-rated health is an individual and subjective conceptualization involving the intersection of biological, social and psychological factors. It provides an invaluable and unique evaluation of a person's general health status. OBJECTIVE: To propose and evaluate a simple conceptual model to understand self-rated health and its relationship to multimorbidity, disability and depressive symptoms in Mexican older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study based on a national representative sample of 8,874 adults of 60 years of age and older...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527267/assessment-of-factors-associated-with-functional-status-in-60-years-old-and-older-adults-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#5
Carlos Cano-Gutiérrez, Miguel Germán Borda, Carlos Reyes-Ortiz, Antonio J Arciniegas, Rafael Samper-Ternent
INTRODUCTION: Functional impairment produces a wide range of negative effects such as difficulty in mobility, social isolation, decreased quality of life, disability and institutionalization. Thus, functional status measurement is a marker of social wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: To determine and characterize the socio-demographic factors and health conditions related to functional impairment in older adults in Bogotá, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected from the SABE Bogotá Study...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527211/alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-latino-community-intersection-of-genetics-and-social-determinants-of-health
#6
Irving E Vega, Laura Y Cabrera, Cassandra M Wygant, Daniel Velez-Ortiz, Scott E Counts
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia among individuals 65 or older. There are more than 5 million diagnosed cases in the US alone and this number is expected to triple by 2050. Therefore, AD has reached epidemic proportions with significant socioeconomic implications. While aging in general is the greatest risk factor for AD, several additional demographic factors that have contributed to the rise in AD in the US are under study. One such factor is associated with the relatively fast growth of the Latino population...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525995/do-socio-cultural-factors-influence-college-students-self-rated-health-status-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study-in-dalian-china
#8
Sainyugu Lolokote, Tesfaldet Habtemariam Hidru, Xiaofeng Li
BACKGROUND: An unhealthy lifestyle of college students is an important public health concern, but few studies have been undertaken to examine the role of socio-cultural differences. METHODS: For this cross-sectional comparative study, data on college students' health-promoting lifestyles (HPL), as measured using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II) scale, and self-rated health status (SRH) as measured by Sub-Optimal Health Measurement Scale (SHMS V1...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525824/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-life-of-pregnant-women-from-2005-to-2015
#9
REVIEW
M Morin, C Vayssiere, O Claris, F Irague, S Mallah, L Molinier, Y Matillon
Over the past two decades, quality of life has become an essential preoccupation in the care of patients. Many measuring instruments are available to assess physical, psychological and social quality of life. These tools allow healthcare professionals to determine the best quality of their patients. However, the quality of life for the pregnant woman seems to be little studied. This article presents the results of a bibliographic review of publications between 2005 and 2015 - referenced in PUBMED and COCHRANE - on the quality of life of pregnant women giving birth after the 22nd week of amenorrhea...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524370/do-nurses-and-other-health-professionals-in-elderly-care-have-education-in-family-nursing
#10
Olivia Sissil Sunde, Karianne Røssummoen Øyen, Siri Ytrehus
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are an important resource for providing care to elderly living at home. How nurses and other health professionals interact with family caregivers can have both a positive and a negative impact on the family caregivers' situation. We lack knowledge of Norwegian nurses' and other health professionals' participation in educational programmes about family caregivers' needs and situations. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether nurses and other health professionals working in home-care nursing had participated in educational programmes about family caregivers...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523795/efficacy-of-an-oral-health-literacy-intervention-among-indigenous-australian-adults
#11
Xiangqun Ju, David Brennan, Eleanor Parker, Helen Mills, Kostas Kapellas, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of an oral health literacy intervention on oral health literacy-related outcomes among rural-dwelling Indigenous Australian adults. METHODS: A total of 400 Indigenous adults (203 intervention and 197 control participants) were recruited into a randomized controlled trial; a functional, context-specific oral health literacy interventions were developed and implemented by Indigenous staff. The intervention comprised five sessions, each lasting 1...
May 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522255/sustainability-of-community-led-total-sanitation-outcomes-evidence-from-ethiopia-and-ghana
#12
Jonny Crocker, Darren Saywell, Jamie Bartram
We conducted a study to evaluate the sustainability of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) outcomes in Ethiopia and Ghana. Plan International, with local actors, implemented four CLTS interventions from 2012 to 2014: health extension worker-facilitated CLTS and teacher-facilitated CLTS in Ethiopia, and NGO-facilitated CLTS with and without training for natural leaders in Ghana. We previously evaluated these interventions using survey data collected immediately after implementation ended, and concluded that in Ethiopia health extension workers were more effective facilitators than teachers, and that in Ghana training natural leaders improved CLTS outcomes...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521831/the-sitless-project-exercise-referral-schemes-enhanced-by-self-management-strategies-to-battle-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Maria Giné-Garriga, Laura Coll-Planas, Míriam Guerra, Àlex Domingo, Marta Roqué, Paolo Caserotti, Michael Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Mark A Tully, Frank Kee, Emma McIntosh, Carme Martín-Borràs, Guillermo R Oviedo, Javier Jerez-Roig, Marta Santiago, Oriol Sansano, Guillermo Varela, Mathias Skjødt, Katharina Wirth, Dhayana Dallmeier, Jochen Klenk, Jason J Wilson, Nicole E Blackburn, Manuela Deidda, Guillaume Lefebvre, Denise González, Antoni Salvà
BACKGROUND: Older adults are the fastest growing segment of the world's population. Recent evidence indicates that excessive sitting time is harmful to health, independent of meeting the recommended moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA) guidelines. The SITLESS project aims to determine whether exercise referral schemes (ERS) can be enhanced by self-management strategies (SMSs) to reduce sedentary behaviour (SB), increase PA and improve health, quality of life and function in the long term, as well as psychosocial outcomes in community-dwelling older European citizens from four countries, within a three-armed pragmatic randomised controlled trial, compared with ERS alone and also with general recommendations about PA...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521791/exploring-the-role-of-socioeconomic-factors-in-the-development-and-spread-of-anti-malarial-drug-resistance-a-qualitative-study
#14
Philip Emeka Anyanwu, John Fulton, Etta Evans, Timothy Paget
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a global health issue with the burden unevenly distributed to the disadvantage of the developing countries of the world. Poverty contributes to the malaria burden as it has the ability to affect integral aspects of malaria control. There have been renewed efforts in the global malaria control, resulting in reductions in the global malaria burden over the last decade. However, the development of resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy threatens the sustainability of the present success in malaria control...
May 18, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521757/the-effect-of-food-insecurity-on-health-status-of-adolescents-in-ethiopia-longitudinal-study
#15
Mulusew G Jebena, David Lindstrom, Carl Lachat, Tefera Belachew, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: The effect of food insecurity on health and wellbeing of a population has been the subject of much research. Yet, limited research has investigated its effect on adolescents' health and wellbeing in Ethiopia. METHOD: We used data from the Jimma Longitudinal Family Survey of Youth which began tracking a cohort of adolescents in 2005 to examine the social, behavioral and economic determinants of their health and well-being. A total of 1,919 sample were included in the main analyses...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#16
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520661/traumatic-brain-injury-and-depression-in-a-community-based-sample-a-cohort-study-across-the-adult-life-span
#17
A J Osborn, J L Mathias, A K Fairweather-Schmidt, K J Anstey
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether self-reported traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are associated with "cases" of clinically significant depression in the general community. To examine interactions between variables previously linked to depression after a TBI. SETTING: Population-based community study (Canberra and Queanbeyan, Australia). PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Three age cohorts: young, middle-aged, and older adults (aged 20-24, 40-44, and 60-64 years at baseline) randomly selected from the electoral roll and followed across 3 waves (4 years apart)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520490/contextualizing-the-social-determinants-of-health-disparities-in-disability-by-educational-attainment-across-us-states
#18
Jennifer Karas Montez, Anna Zajacova, Mark D Hayward
OBJECTIVES: To examine how disparities in adult disability by educational attainment vary across US states. METHODS: We used the nationally representative data of more than 6 million adults aged 45 to 89 years in the 2010-2014 American Community Survey. We defined disability as difficulty with activities of daily living. We categorized education as low (less than high school), mid (high school or some college), or high (bachelor's or higher). We estimated age-standardized disability prevalence by educational attainment and state...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516263/-social-inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-chronic-back-pain-among-adults-in-germany
#19
Benjamin Kuntz, Jens Hoebel, Judith Fuchs, Hanne Neuhauser, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: Back pain is a common cause for health care utilization and inability to work and associated with corresponding costs. The aim of the study was to investigate socioeconomic inequalities in chronic back pain in the adult general population. METHODS: The analyses were based on pooled data of three waves (2009, 2010, 2012) of the nationwide German Health Update (GEDA) study carried out by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 62,606 aged 18 years and older)...
May 17, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515907/factors-influencing-risky-single-occasion-drinking-in-canada-and-policy-implications
#20
Ellen Rafferty, William Ian Andrew Bonner, Jillian Code, Keely McBride, Mustafa Andkhoie, Richa Tikoo, Stephanie McClean, Colleen Dell, Michael Szafron, Marwa Farag
BACKGROUND: Misuse of alcohol, including single risky occasion drinking (RSOD) is associated with a number of health, social and economic consequences. While research demonstrates that many factors contribute to individuals' drinking practices, little is known about risk factors that contribute to RSOD in the Canadian population. The objectives of this study are to examine the patterns of RSOD in Canada, to identify factors associated with RSOD, and to explore policy implications. METHODS: The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2009-2010 annual component was used to conduct all the analyses in this paper...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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