Read by QxMD icon Read


Lisa B Mårtensson, Charlotta Lindwall Blom, Lars B Dahlin
Detailed mechanisms behind regeneration after nerve injury, in particular signal transduction and the fate of Schwann cells (SCs), are poorly understood. Here, we investigated axotomy-induced activation of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2; important for proliferation) and m-calpain in vitro, and the relation to Ca(2+) deletion and Schwann cell proliferation and death after rat sciatic nerve axotomy. Nerve segments were cultured for up to 72 hours with and without ethylene glycol-bis(β-aminoethyl ether)-N, N, N', N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA)...
April 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
Yasaswi Maddirala, Shakila Tobwala, Humeyra Karacal, Nuran Ercal
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to evaluate the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine amide (NACA) eye drops in reversing the cataract formation induced by sodium selenite in male Wistar rat pups. METHODS: Forty male Wistar rat pups were randomly divided into a control group, an N-acetylcysteine amide-only group, a sodium selenite-induced cataract group, and a NACA-treated sodium selenite-induced cataract group. Sodium selenite was injected intraperitoneally on postpartum day 10, whereas N-acetylcysteine amide was injected intraperitoneally on postpartum days 9, 11, and 13 in the respective groups...
April 26, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
Hung Huy Nguyen, Mihaly Varadi, Peter Tompa, Kris Pauwels
Calpains are calcium-activated proteases that have biomedical and biotechnological potential. Their activity is tightly regulated by their endogenous inhibitor, calpastatin that binds to the enzyme only in the presence of calcium. Conventional approaches to purify calpain comprise multiple chromatographic steps, and are labor-intensive, leading to low yields. Here we report a new purification procedure for the human m-calpain based on its reversible calcium-mediated interaction with the intrinsically disordered calpastatin...
2017: PloS One
Chunming Jiang, Xiang Fang, Hongxu Zhang, Xuepeng Wang, Maoqiang Li, Wu Jiang, Fei Tian, Liulong Zhu, Zhenyu Bian
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma (OS) mainly occurs in children and adolescents, and has a high propensity for lung metastasis. Little is known about the role of SDF-1/CXCR4 axis in OS progression. AMD3100 is a specific CXCR4 antagonist. Triptolide can induce apoptosis and proliferation inhibition in various cancer cell lines. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to investigate the effects of AMD3100 plus triptolide on the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis of OS cells...
February 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Anna Mikosik, Aleksandra Jasiulewicz, Agnieszka Daca, Izabella Henc, Joanna E Frąckowiak, Katarzyna Ruckemann-Dziurdzińska, Jerzy Foerster, Aurelie Le Page, Ewa Bryl, Tamas Fulop, Jacek M Witkowski
The immune response is determined by the speed of the T cell reaction to antigens assured by a state of readiness for proliferation and cytokine secretion. Proliferation, apoptosis and motion of many cell types are controlled by cytoplasmic proteases - µ- and m-calpain - and their inhibitor calpastatin, together forming the "calpain-calpastatin system" (CCS), assumed to modify their targets only upon activation-dependent cytoplasmic Ca2+ increase. Contrastingly to this notion, using quantitative real time PCR and semiquantitative flow cytometry respectively, we show here that the CCS genes are constitutively expressed, and that both calpains are constitutively active in resting, circulating human CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes...
November 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Yijie Chen, Yang Yu, Shuya Sun, Zhaotong Wang, Peiqing Liu, Shenglan Liu, Jianmin Jiang
Tumor metastasis is the main reason of death for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Cell migration and invasion are two prerequisites for tumor metastasis, in which TRPM7 and MMPs play an important role. In our study, we found that bradykinin (BK) could upregulate the expression of TRPM7 and dynamically regulate the phosphorylation of non-muscle myosin IIA heavy chain (NMHC-IIA) Ser-1943 in HepG2 cells. The influx of Ca(2+) via TRPM7 was necessary for elevating the activity of m-calpain and μ-calpain...
November 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
J C Huang, J Yang, F Huang, M Huang, K J Chen, X L Xu, G H Zhou
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of fast pH decline during the early postmortem period on calpain activity and the degradation of cytoskeletal proteins in broilers. Eighty broilers were randomly categorized into two groups: physical restraint (PR) and free struggle (FS). M. pectoralis major (PM) was used for determination of calpain activity, shear value, ultrastructure of myofibrils, and the degradation of desmin, titin, nebulin, and troponin-T. The pH (6.05) of FS group is significantly low than PR group (6...
October 1, 2016: Poultry Science
Yogesh A Karpe, Kunal D Pingale, Gayatri D Kanade
Replication of many viruses is dependent on the ubiquitin proteasome system. The present study demonstrates that Chikungunya virus replication increases proteasome activity and induces unfolded protein response (UPR) in cultured cells. Further, it was seen that the virus replication was dependent on the activities of proteasomes and m-calpain. Proteasome inhibition induced accumulation of polyubiquitinated proteins and earlier visualization of UPR.
October 2016: Virus Genes
Mahalingam Sundararajan, Philip A Thomas, P Archana Teresa, Muniyandi Anbukkarasi, Pitchairaj Geraldine
PURPOSE: Selenite-induced cataract is associated with oxidative stress, loss of calcium homeostasis, activation of calpain enzymes, and apoptotic cell death in the lens. An evaluation of naturally occurring antioxidants that also restrict calcium influx into the lens and calpain activation and thus prevent lenticular cell death may lead to the development of safe and effective anticataractogenic drugs. This study focuses on a naturally occurring flavone, chrysin, and its efficacy in preventing cataractogenic changes in in vitro cultured Wistar rat lenses...
2016: Molecular Vision
T D Jennings, M G Gonda, K R Underwood, A E Wertz-Lutz, A D Blair
The objective of this study was to determine whether altered maternal energy supply during mid-gestation results in differences in muscle histology or genes regulating fetal adipose and muscle development. In total, 22 Angus cross-bred heifers (BW=527.73±8.3 kg) were assigned randomly to the three dietary treatments providing 146% (HIGH; n=7), 87% (INT; n=7) or 72% (LOW; n=8) of the energy requirements for heifers from day 85 to day 180 of gestation. Fetuses were removed via cesarean section at day 180 of gestation and longissimus muscle (LM) and subcutaneous fat were collected and prepared for analysis of gene expression...
October 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Kyung Hye Baek, Han Vit Yu, Eosu Kim, Younghwa Na, Youngjoo Kwon
Proteomic analysis of ionomycin-treated and untreated mammary epithelial MCF10A cells elucidated differences in Ku80 cleavage. Ku80, a subunit of the Ku protein complex, is an initiator of the non-homologous, end-joining (NHEJ), double-strand breaks (DSBs) repair pathway. The nuclear Ku80 was cleaved in a calcium concentration-dependent manner by m-calpain but not by m-calpain. The cleavage of nuclear Ku80 at its α/β domain was validated by Western blotting analysis using flag-tagged expression vectors of truncated versions of Ku80 and a flag antibody and was confirmed in m-calpain knock-down cells and in vitro cell-free evaluation with recombinant proteins of calpains, Ku70, and Ku80...
May 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Liang Zhao, Nanqi Jiang, Miaozhen Li, Ming Huang, Guanghong Zhou
The objective of this study was to investigate changes occurring in μ/m-calpain in post mortem chicken muscles and to determine the origin of the unknown bands found in calpain casein zymography. The unknown bands were reported with slightly greater mobility compared to conventional μ/m-calpain bands in casein zymography. Identification of these bands was accomplished using native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and with protein phosphatase treatment. Results showed that the unknown bands were corresponding to μ/m-calpain, and dephosphorylation by protein phosphatase did not change their appearance...
December 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
A K Biswas, S Tandon, C K Beura
The aim of this study was to develop a simple, specific and rapid analytical method for accurate identification of calpain and calpastatin from chicken blood and muscle samples. The method is based on liquid-liquid extraction technique followed by casein Zymography detection. The target compounds were extracted from blood and meat samples by tris buffer, and purified and separated on anion exchange chromatography. It has been observed that buffer (pH 6.7) containing 50 mM tris-base appears to be excellent extractant as activity of analytes was maximum for all samples...
June 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
P Moriel, L F A Artioli, M H Poore, A W Confer, R S Marques, R F Cooke
We evaluated the effects of MP supply on growth performance before and after preconditioning and measurements of innate and humoral immune response of beef steers following vaccination. Angus steers ( = 36; BW = 231 ± 21 kg; age = 184 ± 18 d) were weaned on d -6, stratified by BW and age on d 0, and randomly assigned to 1 of 18 drylot pens (2 steers/pen). Treatments were assigned to pens (6 pens/treatment) and consisted of corn silage-based diets formulated to provide 85%, 100%, or 115% of the daily MP requirements of a beef steer gaining 1...
September 2015: Journal of Animal Science
Cheng-Lung Chen, Jiunn-Wang Liao, Oliver Yoa-Pu Hu, Li-Heng Pao
Tubular cell apoptosis significantly contributes to cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) pathogenesis. Although KCa3.1, a calcium-activated potassium channel, participates in apoptosis, its involvement in cisplatin-induced AKI is unknown. Here, we found that cisplatin treatment triggered an early induction of KCa3.1 expression associated with HK-2 cell apoptosis, the development of renal tubular damage, and apoptosis in mice. Treatment with the highly selective KCa3.1 blocker TRAM-34 suppressed cisplatin-induced HK-2 cell apoptosis...
September 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Sarah J Storr, Nicola Thompson, Xuan Pu, Yimin Zhang, Stewart G Martin
The calpains are a family of intracellular cysteine proteases that function in a wide array of cellular activities, including cytoskeletal remodelling, survival and apoptosis. The ubiquitously expressed micro (µ)-calpain and milli (m)-calpain are archetypal family members that require calcium for function and can be inhibited by their endogenous inhibitor calpastatin. This review describes the role of the calpain system in the prognosis of breast cancer and disease progression, in addition to the role of the calpain system in the response to breast cancer treatments, including chemotherapeutic, endocrine and targeted therapies...
September 2015: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
Anna Mikosik, Izabella Henc, Katarzyna Ruckemann-Dziurdzińska, Joanna E Frąckowiak, Anna Płoszyńska, Anna Balcerska, Ewa Bryl, Jacek M Witkowski
Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) blasts are characterized by inhibited apoptosis promoting fast disease progress. It is known that in chronic lymphocytic and acute myeloid leukemias the reduced apoptosis is strongly related with the activity of calpain-calpastatin system (CCS) composed of cytoplasmic proteases--calpains--performing the modulatory proteolysis of key proteins involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis, and of their endogenous inhibitor--calpastatin. Here, the CCS protein abundance and activity was for the first time studied in childhood ALL blasts and in control bone marrow CD19+ B cells by semi-quantitative flow cytometry and western blotting of calpastatin fragments resulting from endogenous calpain activity...
2015: PloS One
Kazuki Nakashima, Aiko Ishida, Daichi Ijiri, Akira Ohtsuka
Expression of atrogin-1/MAFbx, a muscle-specific E3 ubiquitin ligase, is high under catabolic conditions, that result in muscle atrophy. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of atrogin-1/MAFbx is increased by the glucocorticoid dexamethasone in mammalian skeletal muscle. This study investigated the effects of dexamethasone on expression of atrogin-1/MAFbx in skeletal muscle of neonatal chicks and in chick myotubes. Chicks were given a single intraperitoneal injection of dexamethasone at a concentration of 10 mg/kg body weight...
March 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Kaori Shintani-Ishida, Ken-Ichi Yoshida
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) is involved in ischemia-reperfusion injury. Isoforms of Ca(2+)-activated cysteine proteases, calpains, are implicated in the development of myocardial infarction in ischemia-reperfusion. Growing evidence has revealed the presence of calpains in the mitochondria. We aimed to characterize mitochondrial calpains in the rat heart and to investigate the roles of calpains in mPTP opening after ischemia-reperfusion...
October 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Timothy Travers, Hanshuang Shao, Brian A Joughin, Douglas A Lauffenburger, Alan Wells, Carlos J Camacho
Phosphorylated residues occur preferentially in the intrinsically disordered regions of eukaryotic proteins. In the disordered amino-terminal region of human α-actinin-4 (ACTN4), Tyr(4) and Tyr(31) are phosphorylated in cells stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF), and a mutant with phosphorylation-mimicking mutations of both tyrosines exhibits reduced interaction with actin in vitro. Cleavage of ACTN4 by m-calpain, a protease that in motile cells is predominantly activated at the rear, removes the Tyr(4) site...
May 26, 2015: Science Signaling
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"