keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Botanical medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140488/us-national-cancer-institute-china-collaborative-studies-on-chinese-medicine-and-cancer
#1
Libin Jia, Hongsheng Lin, Joost Oppenheim, O M Zack Howard, Jie Li, Huiting Fan, Zhizheng Zhao, William Farrar, Ying Zhang, Nancy Colburn, Matthew R Young, Weidong Li, David Newman, Barry R O'Keefe, John Beutler, Jikai Liu, Xiaojiang Hao, Xiaosheng Yang, Tengfei Ji, Jeffrey D White
Since 2007, the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine (OCCAM), together with the Cancer Institute of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CICACMS), institutes at China Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, have engaged in collaborations on Chinese medicine (CM) and cancer research. Through these collaborations, CM drugs and compounds have been studied at NCI labs. This paper summarizes the discoveries and progress on these research projects, exploring the aspects of cancer prevention, botanical drug mechanisms of action and component analysis/quality control (QC), and anticancer activity screening...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140106/lignans-and-secoiridoid-glycosides-from-the-stem-barks-of-jasminum-tortuosum
#2
Lamberto Tomassini, Antonio Ventrone, Claudio Frezza, Ilaria Serafini, Armandodoriano Bianco, Maria Francesca Cometa
This paper reports on the first phytochemical analysis ever performed on Jasminum tortuosum Willd. This analysis, mainly carried out by means of column chromatography separation, NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry, led to the isolation and the identification of four compounds, namely the lignans ginkgool (1) and olivil-4'-O-β-glucopyranoside (2) and the secoiridoids oleoside dimethyl ester (3) and oleoside 11-methyl ester (4). The presence of these compounds is significant from a chemotaxonomic point of view, confirming the correct botanical classification of the species and, from a phytochemical standpoint, may suggest its possible use in the ethno-medicinal field...
November 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134293/medicinal-foods-for-functional-gi-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Brent W Acker, Brooks D Cash
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past 10 years, there has been a dramatic increase in basic and clinical research involving functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). New diagnostic and biomarker procedures are helping to identify physiologic disruptions associated with FGIDs on cellular and molecular levels. Simultaneously, clinicians are using new approaches to help manage patients with FGIDs. Among these, an important component of care has been the use of medical foods. These include probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, peppermint oil, caraway oil, curcumin, bovine immunoglobulin and many others...
November 13, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130595/naphthoquinones-a-continuing-source-for-discovery-of-therapeutic-antineoplastic-agents
#4
REVIEW
Han-Yue Qiu, Peng-Fei Wang, Hong-Yan Lin, Cheng-Yi Tang, Hai-Liang Zhu, Yong-Hua Yang
Naturally occurring naphthoquinones, usually in forms of botanical extracts, have been implicated with human life since ancient time, far earlier than their isolation and identification in modern era. The long use history of naphthoquinones has witnessed their functional shift from the original purposes as dyes and ornaments towards medicinal benefits. Hitherto, numerous studies have been carried out to elucidate the pharmacological profile of both natural and artificial naphthoquinones. A number of entities have been identified with promising therapeutic potential...
November 11, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130543/medicinal-plants-of-the-genus-macleaya-macleaya-cordata-macleaya-microcarpa-a-review-of-their-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology
#5
REVIEW
Li Lin, Yan-Chun Liu, Jia-Lu Huang, Xiu-Bin Liu, Zhi-Xing Qing, Jian-Guo Zeng, Zhao-Ying Liu
In the genus Macleaya, Macleaya cordata and Macleaya microcarpa have been recognized as traditional herbs that are primarily distributed in China, North America, and Europe and have a long history of medicinal usage. These herbs have been long valued and studied for detumescence, detoxification, and insecticidal effect. This review aims to provide comprehensive information on botanical, phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological studies on plants in the genus Macleaya. Plants from the genus of Macleaya provide a source of bioactive compounds, primarily alkaloids, with remarkable diversity and complex architectures, thereby having attracted attention from researchers...
November 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129385/effect-directed-fingerprints-of-77-botanical-extracts-via-a-generic-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-method-combined-with-assays-and-mass-spectrometry
#6
S Krüger, L Hüsken, R Fornasari, I Scainelli, G E Morlock
Quantitative effect-directed profiles of 77 industrially and freshly extracted botanicals like herbs, spices, vegetables and fruits, widely used as food ingredients, dietary supplements or traditional medicine, gave relevant information on their quality. It allows the assessment of food, dietary supplements and phytomedicines with regard to potential health-promoting activities. In contrary to sum parameter assays and targeted analysis, chromatography combined with effect-directed analysis allows fast assignment of single active compounds and evaluation of their contribution to the overall activity, originating from a food or botanical sample...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118777/capparis-spinosa-l-in-a-systematic-review-a-xerophilous-species-of-multi-values-and-promising-potentialities-for-agrosystems-under-the-threat-of-global-warming
#7
REVIEW
Stephanie Chedraoui, Alain Abi-Rizk, Marc El-Beyrouthy, Lamis Chalak, Naim Ouaini, Loïc Rajjou
Caper (Capparis spinosa L.) is a xerophytic shrub with a remarkable adaptability to harsh environments. This plant species is of great interest for its medicinal/pharmacological properties and its culinary uses. Its phytochemical importance relies on many bioactive components present in different organs and its cultivation can be of considerable economic value. Moreover, taxonomic identification of C. spinosa L. has been difficult due to its wide heterogeneity, and many authors fell into confusion due to the scarcity of genetic studies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116543/remission-assessment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-daily-practice-in-china-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#8
Huaqun Zhu, Ru Li, Zhanyun Da, Liqi Bi, Xiangpei Li, Yang Li, Chongyang Liu, Fengxiao Zhang, Zhijun Li, Xiangyuan Liu, Zhiyi Zhang, Lingyun Sun, Youlian Wang, Wei Zhang, Quan Jiang, Jinwei Chen, Qingping Chen, Zhenbin Li, Lijun Wu, Wencheng Qi, Jianhua Xu, Xiangjun Cui, Xiaofei Wang, Long Li, Xiaomei Leng, Guochun Wang, Dongbao Zhao, Lindi Jiang, Dongyi He, Xiaomin Liu, Ling Li, Yongfei Fang, Cibo Huang, Huaxiang Wu, Shaoxian Hu, Qin Li, Hui Song, Weiguo Xiao, Lu Gong, Liaojia Zhang, Xiaofeng Li, Zhanguo Li, Yin Su
The objective of this study is to evaluate the remission rate and describe the current use of medication in a large cohort of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients under routine clinical care in China. RA patients were recruited from 40 large teaching hospitals nationwide in China. Data regarding RA disease activity, medication treatment, and adverse events were recorded using a standardized clinical data questionnaire. RA remission was evaluated by the 28 Joint Disease Activity Score DAS28-ESR Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI), and American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) remission criteria...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112146/peptide-nucleic-acid-based-molecular-authentication-for-identification-of-four-medicinal-paeonia-species-using-melting-array-analysis-of-the-internal-transcribed-spacer-2-region
#9
Wook Jin Kim, Sungyu Yang, Goya Choi, Byeong Cheol Moon
Accurate taxonomic identification of plant materials in herbal medicines is important for product quality control. The genus Paeonia (Saxifragales) is the source of the herbal preparations Paeoniae Radix (Paeoniae Radix Alba and Paeoniae Radix Rubra) and Moutan Radicis Cotex. However, confusion has arisen regarding their contents due to linguistic and taxonomic ambiguities, similar morphologies and different definitions of Paeoniae Radix in the Korean and Chinese national pharmacopoeias, leading to the distribution of adulterated products...
November 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108581/identification-of-coffee-leaves-using-ft-nir-spectroscopy-and-simca
#10
Corenthin Mees, Florence Souard, Cedric Delporte, Eric Deconinck, Piet Stoffelen, Caroline Stévigny, Jean-Michel Kauffmann, Kris De Braekeleer
Abundant literature has been devoted to coffee beans (green or roasted) chemical description but relatively few studies have been devoted to coffee leaves. Given the fact that coffee leaves are used for food and medicinal consumption, it was of interest to develop a rapid screening method in order to identify coffee leaves taxa. Investigation by Fourier - Transform near infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIRS) was performed on nine Coffea taxa leaves harvested over one year in a tropical greenhouse of the Botanic Garden Meise (Belgium)...
January 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091439/biochemometrics-to-identify-synergists-and-additives-from-botanical-medicines-a-case-study-with-hydrastis-canadensis-goldenseal
#11
Emily R Britton, Joshua J Kellogg, Olav M Kvalheim, Nadja B Cech
A critical challenge in the study of botanical natural products is the difficulty of identifying multiple compounds that may contribute additively, synergistically, or antagonistically to biological activity. Herein, it is demonstrated how combining untargeted metabolomics with synergy-directed fractionation can be effective toward accomplishing this goal. To demonstrate this approach, an extract of the botanical goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) was fractionated and tested for its ability to enhance the antimicrobial activity of the alkaloid berberine (4) against the pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090536/-consideration-about-chemistry-manufacture-and-control-cmc-key-problems-in-simplified-registration-of-classical-traditional-chinese-medicine-excellent-prescriptions
#12
Zhi-Min Wang, Ju-Yan Liu, Xiao-Qian Liu, De-Qin Wang, Li-Hua Yan, Jin-Jin Zhu, Hui-Min Gao, Chun Li, Jin-Yu Wang, Chu-Yuan Li, Qing-Chun Ni, Ji-Sheng Huang, Juan Lin
As an outstanding representative of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) prescriptions accumulated from famous TCM doctors' clinical experiences in past dynasties, classical TCM excellent prescriptions (cTCMeP) are the most valuable part of TCM system. To support the research and development of cTCMeP, a series of regulations and measures were issued to encourage its simplified registration. There is still a long-way to go because many key problems and puzzles about technology, registration and administration in cTCMeP R&D process are not resolved...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058476/iridoid-glycosides-and-polyphenolic-compounds-from-teucrium-chamaedrys-l
#13
Claudio Frezza, Alessandro Venditti, Giorgia Matrone, Ilaria Serafini, Sebastiano Foddai, Armandodoriano Bianco, Mauro Serafini
In this work, the phytochemical analysis of Teucrium chamaedrys L. collected in Italy was reported. Eight compounds were isolated and identified by means of classical column chromatography and spectroscopic techniques, such as NMR and MS. In detail, these compounds were: verbascoside (1), forsythoside b (2), samioside (3), alyssonoside (4), harpagide (5), 8-O-acetyl-harpagide (6), cirsiliol (7) and β-arbutin (8). The presence of these compounds, in particular iridoids and phenyl-ethanoid glycosides, has a chemotaxonomic relevance and results to be in perfect accordance with the current botanical classification of the species...
October 23, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057143/phytotherapy-of-high-blood-pressure-in-three-phytogeographic-regions-of-cameroon
#14
Nole Tsabang, Clement G Yedjou, Paul B Tchounwou
OBJECTIVE: High blood pressure is a public health challenge worldwide. According to World Health Organization, 30% of men and 50% of women 65 to 75 years old are suffering from high blood pressure. The number of hypertensive patients in the world will attain 1.56 billion of people, with 60% increase in prevalence. The incidence of high blood pressure increases with age, but nowadays, is being noticed an increasing incidence in young people. The socio-cultural medicine may provide new solutions in the management of this pathology...
2017: Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042287/the-genus-lycium-as-food-and-medicine-a-botanical-ethnobotanical-and-historical-review
#15
REVIEW
Ruyu Yao, Michael Heinrich, Caroline S Weckerle
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lycium is widely distributed in the arid to semi-arid environments of North and South America, Africa, and Eurasia. In recent years, Lycium barbarum and L. chinense have been advertised as "superfood" with healthy properties. Despite of its popularity, there is a lack of an integrated and critical appraisal of the existing evidence for the use of Lycium. AIM OF THE STUDY: There is a need to understand: 1) Which species were used and how the uses of Lycium developed spatially and over time, 2) how uses differ among regions with different culture backgrounds, and 3) how traditional and current therapeutic and preventive health claims correlate with pharmacological findings...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027278/current-status-of-herbal-drug-standards-in-the-indian-pharmacopoeia
#16
REVIEW
Jai Prakash, Sushma Srivastava, R S Ray, Neha Singh, Roshni Rajpali, Gyanendra Nath Singh
The benefits of herbal drugs were well understood way back. They have been used for the promotion of health and medical purposes - in disease conditions. It is a conventional belief that herbal drugs have no side effects, are cheaper and locally available. Among Indian systems of medicines, herbs/herbal formulations are used to a larger extent. The quality control of the marketed herbs/herbal formulations is important for acquiring optimum therapeutic benefit as well as for expanding global outreach. Therefore, herbal drug standards are important...
October 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019675/review-of-botanical-safety-handbook-2nd-edition-botanical-safety-handbook-2-nd-edition-edited-by-z-gardner-and-m-mcguffin-traditional-medicinals-and-american-herbal-products-association-respectively-crc-press-boca-raton-fl-2013-xxix-1042-pp-119-95-8-3-4-%C3%A3-11
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965298/clausena-anisata-and-dysphania-ambrosioides-essential-oils-from-ethno-medicine-to-modern-uses-as-effective-insecticides
#18
Roman Pavela, Filippo Maggi, Giulio Lupidi, Hélène Mbuntcha, Verlaine Woguem, Hilaire Macaire Womeni, Luciano Barboni, Léon Azefack Tapondjou, Giovanni Benelli
Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants (Amaranthaceae) and Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth. (Rutaceae) are two aromatic species traditionally used in Cameroon to repel and kill insects. The present work was carried out to substantiate this traditional use and to evaluate the possible incorporation in commercial botanical insecticides of their essential oils (EOs). The EOs were distilled from leaves of C. anisata and aerial parts of D. ambrosioides and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
October 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948750/-investigation-of-genus-ardisia-in-bencao-literature
#19
Jia-Yun Tong, Zhi-Tao Liang, Zhong-Zhen Zhao, Jia-Lin Wu
Based on a systematic review of morphology and distribution of plants, alternate names, actions, and properties of herbs recorded in ancient and modern literatures, in combination of field investigation, 18 Chinese herbal medicines recorded in ancient bencao literature were regarded to be derived from 7 species in the Ardisia genus. Among them, the variety Ardisia crenata f. hortensis was identified as the source of Zhushagen and Zijinniu. A. hanceana is referenced as Tiesan in the illustrated atlas of Botanical Nomenclature (Zhiwu Mingshi Tukao)...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933127/-bencao-literature-investigation-of-polygonum-multiflorum-heshouwu
#20
Li Liang, Jin-Sheng Zheng, Zhong-Zhen Zhao
Heshouwu, derived from the root of Polygonum multiflorum (=Fallopia multiflora), is widely used in the Chinese medicine market as a traditional tonic. The emergence of heshouwu material with a human shape reflects a pursuit of its supplementing effects. However, reports of Heshouwu toxicity have repeatedly surfaced in recent years, attracting widespread concern. To clarify the situation surrounding the safety and efficacy of Heshouwu, this research utilizes a systematic review of the text and illustrations in historical bencao (materia medica) literature to investigate the origin, botanical characteristics, actions and processing of Heshouwu, as well as the origin and historical evolution of Baishouwu ("white Heshouwu")...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
keyword
keyword
121120
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"