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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#1
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890584/a-sedge-plant-as-the-source-of-kangaroo-island-propolis-rich-in-prenylated-p-coumarate-ester-and-stilbenes
#2
Colin C Duke, Van H Tran, Rujee K Duke, Abdallah Abu-Mellal, George T Plunkett, Douglas I King, Kaiser Hamid, Karen L Wilson, Russell L Barrett, Jeremy J Bruhl
Propolis samples from Kangaroo Island, South Australia, were investigated for chemical constituents using high-field nuclear magnetic resonance spectral profiling. A type of propolis was found containing a high proportion of prenylated hydroxystilbenes. Subsequently, the botanical origin of this type of propolis was identified using a beehive propolis depletion method and analysis of flora. Ligurian honey bees, Apis mellifera ligustica Spinola, were found to produce propolis from resin exuded by the Australian native sedge plant Lepidosperma sp...
November 24, 2016: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866010/the-botanical-explorer-s-legacy-a-promising-bioprospecting-tool
#3
Axel Helmstädter
Records about the traditional uses of medicinal plants can be considered useful in bioprospecting (i.e., the search for new active agents or lead structures in nature). Several sources like Egyptian papyri, early modern herbals and pharmacopoeias have been studied in this respect. It is proposed to use recordings of botanically interested explorers of the 19th and early 20th centuries as well. Some of them give detailed information about traditionally used medicinal plants and analysis shows that a considerable number of these have never been scientifically investigated...
November 16, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865796/bletilla-striata-medicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-activities
#4
REVIEW
Xirui He, Jiacheng Fang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Zefeng Zhao, Yu Chang, Hao Guo, Linhong Huang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb. f. (Orchidaceae), also known as Hyacinth Orchid and Baiji (Simplified Chinese: ), not only has been widely used for the treatment of hematemesis, hemoptysis, and traumatic bleeding due to the efficacy of arresting bleeding with astringent action, but also has been applied topically to overcome ulcers, sores, swellings, and chapped skin due to the efficacy of dispersing swelling and promoting tissue regeneration. Additional medical applications include the treatment of tuberculosis, malignant ulcers, hemorrhoids, anthrax, eye diseases, and silicosis...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857157/inhibiting-mdsc-differentiation-from-bone-marrow-with-phytochemical-polyacetylenes-drastically-impairs-tumor-metastasis
#5
Wen-Chi Wei, Sheng-Yen Lin, Chun-Wen Lan, Yu-Chen Huang, Chih-Yu Lin, Pei-Wen Hsiao, Yet-Ran Chen, Wen-Chin Yang, Ning-Sun Yang
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are implicated in the promotion of tumor metastasis by protecting metastatic cancerous cells from immune surveillance and have thus been suggested as novel targets for cancer therapy. We demonstrate here that oral feeding with polyacetylenic glycosides (BP-E-F1) from the medicinal plant Bidens pilosa effectively suppresses tumor metastasis and inhibits tumor-induced accumulation of granulocytic (g) MDSCs, but does not result in body weight loss in a mouse mammary tumor-resection model...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843675/evidence-for-the-paleoethnobotany-of-the-neanderthal-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Gerhard P Shipley, Kelly Kindscher
Our perception of our closest human relatives, the Neanderthals, has evolved in the last few decades from brutish ape-men to intelligent archaic human peoples. Our understanding and appreciation of their cultural sophistication has only recently extended to their diet. Only within the last few years, with new techniques and a shift in focus, have we begun to truly investigate and understand the role of plants in their diet and culture. The more we learn about Neanderthals, the more we realize that biological and cultural distinctions between them and us were relatively small...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834307/effects-of-tanshinone-nanoemulsion-and-extract-on-inhibition-of-lung-cancer-cells-a549
#7
W D Lee, Y J Liang, B H Chen
Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza), a Chinese medicinal herb, consists of several functional components including tanshinones responsible for prevention of several chronic diseases. This study intends to prepare tanshinone extract and nanoemulsion from danshen and determine their inhibition effect on lung cancer cells A549. A highly stable tanshinone nanoemulsion composed of Capryol 90, Tween 80, ethanol and deionized water with the mean particle size of 14.2 nm was successfully prepared. Tanshinone nanoemulsion was found to be more effective in inhibiting A549 proliferation than tanshinone extract...
December 9, 2016: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829985/potential-therapeutic-strategies-for-hypertension-exacerbated-cardiotoxicity-of-anticancer-drugs
#8
REVIEW
Robin K Kuriakose, Rakesh C Kukreja, Lei Xi
Despite their recognized cardiotoxic effects, anthracyclines remain an essential component in many anticancer regimens due to their superior antitumor efficacy. Epidemiologic data revealed that about one-third of cancer patients have hypertension, which is the most common comorbidity in cancer registries. The purpose of this review is to assess whether anthracycline chemotherapy exacerbates cardiotoxicity in patients with hypertension. A link between hypertension comorbidity and anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC) was first suggested in 1979...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802026/magnetic-microbead-affinity-selection-screening-magmass-of-botanical-extracts-for-inhibitors-of-15-lipoxygenase
#9
Michael D Rush, Elisabeth M Walker, Tristesse Burton, Richard B van Breemen
To expedite the identification of active natural products in complex mixtures such as botanical extracts, a magnetic microbead affinity selection screening (MagMASS) procedure was developed. This technique utilizes target proteins immobilized on magnetic beads for rapid bioaffinity isolation of ligands from complex mixtures. A MagMASS method was developed and validated for 15-lipoxygenase. As a proof of concept, several North American prairie plants used medicinally by Native Americans were extracted with MeOH and screened...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801865/herbal-products-in-italy-the-thin-line-between-phytotherapy-nutrition-and-parapharmaceuticals-a-normative-overview-of-the-fastest-growing-market-in-europe
#10
REVIEW
Marco Biagi, Rita Pecorari, Giovanni Appendino, Elisabetta Miraldi, Anna Rosa Magnano, Paolo Governa, Giulia Cettolin, Daniela Giachetti
The Italian herbal products market is the most prosperous in Europe. The proof is represented by the use of these products in several marketing categories, ranging from medicine to nutrition and cosmetics. Market and legislation in Italy are at the same time cause and consequence of this peculiar situation. In fact, the legislation on botanical food supplements in Italy is very permissive and at the same time the market shows an overall satisfaction of users and strong feedback in terms of consumption, which brings a widening use of medicinal plants, formerly the prerogative of pharmaceuticals, to other fields such as nutrition...
October 29, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776376/single-laboratory-validation-for-the-determination-of-flavonoids-in-hawthorn-leaves-and-finished-products-by-lc-uv
#11
Elizabeth M Mudge, Ying Liu, Jensen A Lund, Paula N Brown
Suitably validated analytical methods that can be used to quantify medicinally active phytochemicals in natural health products are required by regulators, manufacturers, and consumers. Hawthorn (Crataegus) is a botanical ingredient in natural health products used for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. A method for the quantitation of vitexin-2″-O- rhamnoside, vitexin, isovitexin, rutin, and hyperoside in hawthorn leaf and flower raw materials and finished products was optimized and validated according to AOAC International guidelines...
November 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774904/medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-asthma-a-traditional-persian-medicine-perspective
#12
Behjat Javadi, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Seyed Ahmad Emami
OBJECTIVE: To search major Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) textbooks for medicinal plants used to treat asthma. The conformity of the TPM findings on the anti-asthmatic efficacy of plants with the findings of pharmacological studies was also explored. METHODS: Major TPM textbooks were hand searched to find medicinal plants used for the treatment of asthma. Scientific names of TPM-suggested plants were determined using botanical databases and were used for a multi-database electronic search in PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar databases...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774419/evaluation-of-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-selected-medicinal-plants-used-in-indian-traditional-medication-system-in%C3%A2-vitro-as-well-as-in%C3%A2-vivo
#13
Rafik U Shaikh, Mahesh M Pund, Rajesh N Gacche
The present study was carried out to evaluate in vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory potential of selected medicinal plants used in Indian traditional medication. The sequentially extracted plant samples as, Cissus quadrangularis, Plumbago zeylanica, Terminalia bellarica and Terminalia chebula in water, ethanol and hexane were evaluated in-vitro for COX-1 and 2 inhibitory and antioxidant activities. The in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of selected samples showing promising COX-2 inhibition was assessed using carrageenan and Phorbol Myristate Acetate (PMA) induced mice edema animal model...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773801/a-review-of-ethnobotany-therapeutic-value-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-crinum-macowanii-baker-a-highly-traded-bulbous-plant-in-southern-africa
#14
Alfred Maroyi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crinum macowanii is a deciduous bulbous plant which grows in east, central and southern Africa. Crinum macowanii has been used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of east and southern Africa has for several centuries. The bulb, leaves and roots of C. macowanii are reported to possess diverse medicinal properties and used to treat or manage various human and animal diseases and ailments throughout its distributional range. Crinum macowanii is used traditionally as a remedy for boils, diarrhoea, fever, inflammation, respiratory system problems, skin rashes, tuberculosis, wounds and urinary tract problems...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766453/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-breast-cancer-survival-in-the-health-eating-activity-and-lifestyle-study
#15
Marian L Neuhouser, Ashley Wilder Smith, Stephanie M George, James T Gibson, Kathy B Baumgartner, Richard Baumgartner, Catherine Duggan, Leslie Bernstein, Anne McTiernan, Rachel Ballard
PURPOSE: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common among breast cancer patients, but less is known about whether CAM influences breast cancer survival. METHODS: Health Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study participants (n = 707) were diagnosed with stage I-IIIA breast cancer. Participants completed a 30-month post-diagnosis interview including questions on CAM use (natural products such as dietary and botanical supplements, alternative health practices, and alternative medical systems), weight, physical activity, and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765346/dietary-foeniculum-vulgare-mill-extract-attenuated-uvb-irradiation-induced-skin-photoaging-by-activating-of-nrf2-and-inhibiting-mapk-pathways
#16
Zhengwang Sun, Sang Yong Park, Eunson Hwang, Bom Park, Seul A Seo, Jin-Gyeong Cho, Mengyang Zhang, Tae-Hoo Yi
BACKGROUND: Foeniculum vulgare Mill (FV) has long been prescribed in traditional medicine due to its antioxidant anti-inflammatory properties. However, little research has been done on the use of FV to alleviate changes in UVB-induced photoaging PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the photoprotective effects and mechanism of FV in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: The anti-photoaging effect of FV was assessed in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs) in vitro. The secretion of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), GSH, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), procollagen type I, IL-6 and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were measured by kits...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764538/comparative-evaluation-of-chemical-profiles-of-three-representative-snow-lotus-herbs-by-uplc-dad-qtof-ms-combined-with-principal-component-and-hierarchical-cluster-analyses
#17
Qi-Lei Chen, Lin Zhu, Yi-Na Tang, Hiu-Yee Kwan, Zhong-Zhen Zhao, Hu-Biao Chen, Tao Yi
Herbal healthcare products are used worldwide as relatively safe and effective alternatives to allopathic drugs. Saussurea laniceps Hand.-Mazz.(SL), S. medusa Maxim. (SM) and S. involucrata (Kar. et Kir.) Sch.Bip. (SI) are three sources of the renowned "snow lotus" Chinese Materia Medica for treating inflammatory diseases. The three species have different therapeutic effects, among which SL has been proved to be the most potent, but they are frequently confused on the market and in the academic community. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-quadrupole time of flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-DAD-QTOF-MS) method was developed and used to analyze 49 herbal samples for species analysis and overall quality evaluation...
October 20, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753202/rapid-screening-separation-and-detection-of-hydroxyl-radical-scavengers-from-total-flavonoids-of-ginkgo-biloba-leaves-by-chromatography-combined-with-molecular-devices
#18
Jing Wang, Meizhu Zheng, Lina Chen, Zhiqiang Liu, Yuchi Zhang, Chun-Ming Liu, Shu Liu
Hydroxyl radicals are the most reactive free radical of human body, a strong contributor to tissue damage. In this study, liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry was applied to screen and identify hydroxyl radical scavengers from the total flavonoids of Ginkgo biloba leaves, and high-performance counter current chromatography was used to separate and isolate the active compounds. Furthermore, molecular devices were used to determine hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of the obtained hydroxyl radical scavengers and other flavonoids from G...
November 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730019/the-biology-and-in-vitro-propagation-of-the-ornamental-aquatic-plant-aponogeton-ulvaceus
#19
Melissa Yit Yee Kam, Li Chin Chai, Chiew Foan Chin
Aponogeton ulvaceus Baker (Aponogetonaceae) is a commercially important ornamental aquatic plant species with traditional medicinal uses. Due to the low survival rate of seedlings, propagation by conventional means has been met with many difficulties. In this study, botanical aspects of A. ulvaceus were examined with regards to the morphology, anatomy and physiology of the plant and an efficient protocol for its in vitro propagation using immature tuber explants has been established. The existence of glandular trichomes on the leaves was discovered and the occurrence of circumnutation in A...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699065/appetite-suppression-and-antiobesity-effect-of-a-botanical-composition-composed-of-morus-alba-yerba-mate-and-magnolia-officinalis
#20
Mesfin Yimam, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Young-Chul Lee, Eu-Jin Hyun, Hyun-Jin Kim, Tae-Woo Kim, Jeong-Bum Nam, Mi-Ran Kim, Qi Jia
Background. Obesity and its comorbidities continue to challenge the world at an alarming rate. Although the long term solution lies on lifestyle changes in the form of dieting and exercising, drug, medical food, or dietary supplement interventions are required for those who are already obese. Here we describe a standardized blend composed of extracts from three medicinal plants: Morus alba, Yerba mate, and Magnolia officinalis for appetite suppression and metabolic disorders management. Method. Extracts were standardized to yield a composition designated as UP601...
2016: Journal of Obesity
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