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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930280/chemical-composition-and-monoterpenoid-enantiomeric-distribution-of-the-essential-oils-from-apharsemon-commiphora-gileadensis
#1
Nativ Dudai, Alona Shachter, Prabodh Satyal, William N Setzer
Background:Commiphora gileadensis (Hebrew: apharsemon) has been used since Biblical times to treat various ailments, and is used today in the traditional medicine of some Middle Eastern cultures. Methods: The essential oils from the stem bark, leaves, and fruits of Commiphora gileadensis-collected at the Ein Gedi Botanical Garden, Israel-were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In addition, the enantiomeric distributions of the monoterpenoids in the essential oils have been determined by chiral gas chromatography...
September 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930232/antimicrobial-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-ocimum-forskolei-and-teucrium-yemense-lamiaceae-essential-oils
#2
Nasser A Awadh Ali, Bhuwan K Chhetri, Noura S Dosoky, Khola Shari, Ahmed J A Al-Fahad, Ludger Wessjohann, William N Setzer
Background:Ocimum forskolei and Teucrium yemense (Lamiaceae) are used in traditional medicine in Yemen. Methods: The chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of the essential oils isolated from the leaves of Ocimum forskolei Benth. (EOOF) and two different populations of Teucrium yemense Deflers., one collected from Dhamar province (EOTY-d), and another collected from Taiz (EOTY-t) were investigated. The antimicrobial activities of the oils were evaluated against several microorganisms with the disc diffusion test or the broth microdilution test...
April 1, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925152/-study-on-botanical-pesticides-and-its-application-in-production-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Peng Zhang, Xi-Wen Li, Lin-Lin Dong, Shi-Lin Chen
The issues including excessive pesticide residues and heavy metal contamination have become the bottle-neck in the development of Chinese herbal medicines. Compared with traditional chemical pesticides, biological pesticides, especially botanical pesticides, are more safe and environment-friendly, which were beneficial to the quality improvement Chinese medicinal materials. Though there exists a weak basic research and it is hard for promotion and regulation, the policy of good and the desire for botanical pesticides will accelerate its development, and replace traditional chemical pesticides gradually...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915061/prevalence-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-herbal-remedy-use-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women-results-from-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation
#4
Robin R Green, Nanette Santoro, Amanda A Allshouse, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Carol Derby
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, including botanical/herbal remedies, among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), New Jersey site. We also examined whether attitudes toward CAM and communication of its use to providers differed for Hispanic and non-Hispanic women. STUDY DESIGN: SWAN is a community-based, multiethnic cohort study of midlife women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874202/ethnobotanical-survey-of-wild-food-plants-traditionally-collected-and-consumed-in-the-middle-agri-valley-basilicata-region-southern-italy
#5
Sabrina Sansanelli, Maura Ferri, Mirko Salinitro, Annalisa Tassoni
BACKGROUND: This research was carried out in a scarcely populated area of the Middle Agri Valley (Basilicata region, southern Italy). The aim of the study was to record local knowledge on the traditional uses of wild food plants, as well as to collect information regarding the practices (gathering, processing and cooking) and the medicinal uses related to these plants. METHODS: Fifty-eight people still possessing traditional local knowledge (TLK), 74% women and 26% men, were interviewed between May-August 2012 and January 2013, using open and semi-structured ethnobotanical interviews...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872683/phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-potential-of-cassia-absus-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Saeed Ahmad, Ayesha Hassan, Waheed Mumtaz Abbasi, Tayyeba Rehman
OBJECTIVES: Cassia absus is a plant of the family fabaceae with Ayurvedic ethnomedical records. It is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of bronchitis, asthma, cough, conjunctivitis, leucoderma, renal and hepatic diseases, constipation, tumors, venereal ulcer, headache, hemorrhoids and wound healing. Preliminary in vitro and in vivo studies have provided valuable scientific evidence for its use. This review aims to summarize reported pharmacognosy, traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological potential of C...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869082/development-of-botanicals-to-combat-antibiotic-resistance
#7
REVIEW
Pooja D Gupta, Tannaz J Birdi
The discovery of antibiotics in the previous century lead to reduction in mortality and morbidity due to infectious diseases but their inappropriate and irrational use has resulted in emergence of resistant microbial populations. Alteration of target sites, active efflux of drugs and enzymatic degradations are the strategies employed by the pathogenic bacteria to develop intrinsic resistance to antibiotics. This has led to an increased interest in medicinal plants since 25-50% of current pharmaceuticals are plant derived...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843248/moringa-oleifera-root-induces-cancer-apoptosis-more-effectively-than-leave-nanocomposites-and-its-free-counterpart
#8
Ahmed A Abd-Rabou, Aboelfetoh M Abdalla, Naglaa A Ali, Khairy MA Zoheir
Medicinal plants are important elements of indigenous medical system that have persisted in developing countries. Many of the botanical chemo-preventions currently used as potent anticancer agents. However, some important anticancer agents are still extracted from plants because they cannot be synthesized chemically on a commercial scale due to their complex structures that often contain several chiral centers. The aim of this study was to test different extracts from the Moringa oleifera leaves (ML), its PLGA-CS-PEG nanocomposites (MLn), as well as root core (Rc) and outer (Ro) parts for activity against hepatocarcinoma HepG2, breast MCF7, and colorectal HCT 116/ Caco-2 cells in vitro...
August 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842341/the-genus-psiadia-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#9
REVIEW
Keshika Mahadeo, Isabelle Grondin, Hippolyte Kodja, Joyce Soulange Govinden, Sabina Jhaumeer Laulloo, Michel Frederich, Anne Gauvin-Bialecki
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Psiadia Jacq. ex. Willd. belongs to the Asteraceae family and includes more than 60 species. This genus grows in tropical and subtropical regions, being especially well represented in Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands (La Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues). Several Psiadia species have been used traditionally for their medicinal properties in Africa and the Mascarene Islands. Based on traditional knowledge, various phytochemical and pharmacological studies have been conducted...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838429/cephalotaxus-alkaloids
#10
Joëlle Pérard-Viret, Laith Quteishat, Rana Alsalim, Jacques Royer, Françoise Dumas
Cephalotaxus alkaloids represent a family of plant secondary metabolites known for 60 years. Significant activity against leukemia in mice was demonstrated for extracts of Cephalotaxus. Cephalotaxine (CET) (1), the major alkaloid of this series was isolated from Cephalotaxus drupacea species by Paudler in 1963. The subsequent discovery of promising antitumor activity among new Cephalotaxus derivatives reported by Chinese, Japanese, and American teams triggered extensive structure elucidation and biological studies in this family...
2017: Alkaloids. Chemistry and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837110/phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-traditional-uses-of-plants-from-the-genus-trachelospermum-l
#11
REVIEW
Zefeng Zhao, Xirui He, Yuhui Zhao, Ying Sun, Xufei Chen, Ye Cun, Linhong Huang, Yajun Bai, Xiaohui Zheng
This paper is intended to review advances in the botanical, phytochemical, traditional uses and pharmacological studies of the genus Trachelospermum. Until now, 138 chemical constituents have been isolated and characterized from these plants, particularly from T. asiaticum and T. jasminoides. Among these compounds, lignans, triterpenoids, and flavonoids are the major bioactive constituents. Studies have shown that plants from the genus Trachelospermum exhibit an extensive range of pharmacological properties both in vivo and in vitro, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antitumor, antiviral and antibacterial activities...
August 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826891/traditional-uses-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology-of-the-genus-cimicifuga-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Yaqing Guo, Tong Yin, Xiaoming Wang, Fan Zhang, Guixiang Pan, Hong Lv, Xianrui Wang, John Owoicho Orgah, Yan Zhu, Honghua Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants of the genus Cimicifuga have long been used as an ethnomedicine in China, Europe, and North America for its high medicinal value and health benefits. Their dried rhizomes are widely used for treating wind-heat headache, toothache, aphtha, sore throat, measles, spot poison, archoptosis, and uterine prolapse. In addition, it is used as a dietary supplement for preventing women menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide up-to-date information on the genus Cimicifuga, including botanical characterization, medicinal resources, traditional medicinal uses, phytochemistry, quality control, pharmacological research as well as the toxicology...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822167/-european-union-regulatory-and-quality-requirements-for-botanical-drugs-and-their-implications-for-chinese-herbal-medicinal-products-development
#13
You-Ping Zhu
This paper introduces regulatory pathways and characteristic quality requirements for marketing authorization of herbal medicinal products in the European Union(EU), and the legal status and applications of "European Union list of herbal substances, preparations and combinations" and "European Union herbal monographs". Also introduced are Chinese herbs that have been granted the EU list entry, those with EU herbal monographs, and registered EU traditional herbal medicinal products with Chinese herbs as active ingredients...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807848/hydroalcoholic-extract-from-bark-of-persea-major-meisn-l-e-kopp-lauraceae-exerts-antiulcer-effects-in-rodents-by-the-strengthening-of-the-gastric-protective-factors
#14
Lincon Bordignon Somensi, Thaise Boeing, Benhur Judah Cury, Viviane Miranda Bispo Steimbach, Rivaldo Niero, Lauro Mera de Souza, Luisa Mota da Silva, Sérgio Faloni de Andrade
ETHOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Persea major (Meisn.) L.E. Kopp (Lauraceae) (botanical synonym: Persea pyrifolia (D. Don) Spreng, Persea pyrifolia Nees and Mart., Persea cordata var. major (Meisn.) Mez and Persea willdenovii Kosterm) is a medicinal plant native in the south of Brazil, where is popularly known as Pau de Andrade, Maçaranduba or Abacate-do-Mato. Its barks are commonly used to prepare an infusion which is administered orally or topically to treat ulcers and wounds, respectively...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793900/botanical-ethnoveterinary-therapies-used-by-agro-pastoralists-of-fafan-zone-eastern-ethiopia
#15
Teka Feyera, Endalkachew Mekonnen, Befekadu Urga Wakayo, Solomon Assefa
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, plant based remedies are still the most important and sometimes the only source of therapeutics in the management of livestock diseases. However, documentation of this indigenous knowledge of therapeutic system still remains at a minimum level. The aim of this study was, thus, to document the traditional knowledge of botanical ethnoveterinary therapies in the agro-pastoral communities of Fafan Zone, Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional participatory survey...
August 9, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792522/biochemical-characterization-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-an-isothiocyanate-enriched-moringa-moringa-oleifera-seed-extract
#16
Asha Jaja-Chimedza, Brittany L Graf, Charlotte Simmler, Youjin Kim, Peter Kuhn, Guido F Pauli, Ilya Raskin
Moringa oleifera Lam. is a tropical plant, used for centuries as food and traditional medicine. The aim of this study was to develop, validate and biochemically characterize an isothiocyanate-enriched moringa seed extract (MSE), and to compare the anti-inflammatory effects of MSE-containing moringa isothiocyanate-1 (MIC-1) with a curcuminoid-enriched turmeric extract (CTE), and a material further enriched in its primary phytochemical, curcumin (curcumin-enriched material; CEM). MSE was prepared by incubating ground moringa seeds with water to allow myrosinase-catalyzed enzymatic formation of bioactive MIC-1, the predominant isothiocyanate in moringa seeds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789798/development-of-a-validated-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-determination-of-acid-diterpenes-in-copaifera-oleoresins
#17
Jonas Joaquim Mangabeira da Silva, Eduardo José Crevelin, Luiza Junqueira Carneiro, Hervé Rogez, Rodrigo Cassio Sola Veneziani, Sérgio Ricardo Ambrósio, Luiz Alberto Beraldo Moraes, Jairo Kenupp Bastos
Species of Copaifera genus (Fabaceae - Caesalpinoiodidaeae) produces an important commercial oleoresin that displays many medicinal properties. Copaifera oleoresins (COR) are composed mainly of a mixture of diterpenes and sequiterpenes, and the main reported acid diterpenes for this genus are kaurenoic, copalic, hardwickiic and polyaltic acids. An ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for identification and quantification of nine acid diterpenes...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771010/systems-pharmacology-dissection-of-multiscale-mechanisms-of-action-for-herbal-medicines-in-treating-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Jinghui Wang, Yan Li, Yinfeng Yang, Jian Du, Miaoqing Zhao, Feng Lin, Shuwei Zhang, Bin Wang
As a chronic inflammatory and angiogenic disease with increased morbidity and mortality, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by the proliferation of synovial tissue and the accumulation of excessive mononuclear infiltration, which always results in the joint deformity, disability, and eventually the destruction of the bone and cartilage. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), with rich history of proper effectiveness in treating the inflammatory joint disease containing RA, has long combated such illness from, actually, an integrative and holistic point of view...
August 22, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769789/knowledge-of-medicinal-plants-for-children-diseases-in-the-environs-of-district-bannu-khyber-pakhtoonkhwa-kpk
#19
Shabnam Shaheen, Safdar Abbas, Javid Hussain, Fazal Mabood, Muhammad Umair, Maroof Ali, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Zafar, Umar Farooq, Ajmal Khan
Medicinal plants are important treasures for the treatment of different types of diseases. Current study provides significant ethnopharmacological information, both qualitative and quantitative on medical plants related to children disorders from district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province of Pakistan. The information gathered was quantitatively analyzed using informant consensus factor, relative frequency of citation and use value method to establish a baseline data for more comprehensive investigations of bioactive compounds of indigenous medicinal plants specifically related to children disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764723/systematic-review-on-traditional-medicinal-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-malaria-in-ethiopia-trends-and-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Getachew Alebie, Befikadu Urga, Amha Worku
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is endowed with abundant medicinal plant resources and traditional medicinal practices. However, available research evidence on indigenous anti-malarial plants is highly fragmented in the country. The present systematic review attempted to explore, synthesize and compile ethno-medicinal research evidence on anti-malarial medicinal plants in Ethiopia. METHODS: A systematic web search analysis and review was conducted on research literature pertaining to medicinal plants used for traditional malaria treatment in Ethiopia...
August 1, 2017: Malaria Journal
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