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Botanical medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344029/herbasl-remedies-for-urinary-stones-used-in-india-and-china-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Deepak M Kasote, Suresh D Jagtap, Dinesh Thapa, Mahendra S Khyade, Wendy R Russell
ETHANOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The process of formation or appearance of a urinary stone anywhere in the renal tract is known as urolithiasis. It is a longstanding health problem, known to exist since early age of civilization. Records about symptoms, signs and treatment strategies of urinary stones diseases are found in the several ancient texts of traditional medicines such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Siddha and Unani. In Ayurveda, urolithiasis has been considered as one of the eight most troublesome diseases...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333097/effects-of-a-sativex-like-combination-of-phytocannabinoids-on-disease-progression-in-r6-2-mice-an-experimental-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#2
Sara Valdeolivas, Onintza Sagredo, Mercedes Delgado, Miguel A Pozo, Javier Fernández-Ruiz
Several cannabinoids afforded neuroprotection in experimental models of Huntington's disease (HD). We investigated whether a 1:1 combination of botanical extracts enriched in either ∆⁸-tetrahydrocannabinol (∆⁸-THC) or cannabidiol (CBD), which are the main constituents of the cannabis-based medicine Sativex(®), is beneficial in R6/2 mice (a transgenic model of HD), as it was previously shown to have positive effects in neurotoxin-based models of HD. We recorded the progression of neurological deficits and the extent of striatal deterioration, using behavioral, in vivo imaging, and biochemical methods in R6/2 mice and their corresponding wild-type mice...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330725/a-botanical-phytochemical-and-ethnomedicinal-review-of-the-genus-mitragyna-korth-implications-for-products-sold-as-kratom
#3
REVIEW
Paula N Brown, Jensen A Lund, Susan J Murch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Mitragyna (Rubiacaeae) has been traditionally used in parts of Africa, Asia and Oceania. In recent years, there has been increased interest in species of Mitragyna with the introduction of products to western markets and regulatory uncertainty. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper reviewed the traditional ethnomedicinal uses of leaves for species belonging to the genus Mitragyna with reference to the botany and known chemistry in order to highlight areas of interest for products currently being sold as kratom...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327126/characterization-and-mechanisms-of-anti-influenza-virus-metabolites-isolated-from-the-vietnamese-medicinal-plant-polygonum-chinense
#4
Thu Thi Tran, Meehyein Kim, Yejin Jang, Hye Won Lee, Hoa Thi Nguyen, Thanh Ngoc Nguyen, Hae Woong Park, Quang Le Dang, Jin-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Polygonum chinense Linn. is a common medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and has been used in traditional medicine in Vietnam. The plant contains phytochemicals with various biological properties; however, its antiviral effect has not yet been demonstrated. This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-influenza virus activity of crude extracts of P. chinense, to characterize antiviral metabolites therefrom and to investigate their mechanisms of antiviral action. METHODS: The methanol (MeOH) extract and organic solvent layers of P...
March 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322968/echinodorus-grandiflorus-ethnobotanical-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-overview-of-a-medicinal-plant-used-in-brazil
#5
André M Marques, D William Provance, Maria Auxiliadora C Kaplan, Maria Raquel Figueiredo
Echinodorus grandiflorus (Cham. & Schltdl.) Micheli is a native Brazilian species used in traditional practices for the treatment of several conditions such as inflammatory diseases, arthritis and hypertension. Through a systematic review of the accumulated knowledge about the species E. grandiflorus, the botanical, phytochemistry, ethnobotanical and pharmacological properties of this medicinal plant demonstrates its potential to naturally provide anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant with a special emphasis on anti-hypertensive and cardioprotective effects...
March 18, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300445/botanicals-with-dermatologic-properties-derived-from-first-nations-healing
#6
Sophia Colantonio, Jason K Rivers
INTRODUCTION: First Nations people have a long history of working with medicinal plants used to treat skin diseases. The purpose was to assess the dermatologic therapeutic potential of western red cedar, white spruce, birch, balsam poplar, and black spruce. METHODS: Based on expert recommendations, 5 trees were selected that were used in First Nations medicine for cutaneous healing and have potential and/or current application to dermatology today. We searched several databases up to June 12, 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290284/uhplc-ms-2-based-approach-for-the-comprehensive-metabolite-profiling-of-bean-vicia-faba-l-by-products-a-promising-source-of-bioactive-constituents
#7
Ibrahim M Abu-Reidah, David Arráez-Román, Ismail Warad, Alberto Fernández-Gutiérrez, Antonio Segura-Carretero
Today, by-products generated from the agro-industrial practices are considered a key source of bioactive and functional components, that can be used for their nutritional and added value properties. New aspects concerning the use of these wastes as by-products in food production additives or supplements with high nutritional and medicinal value have gained substantial interest, due to their possession of economically high-value products. In this sense, the present study describes a thorough characterization of phytochemical compounds from hydro-methanolic extract of broad beans testa by using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) hyphenated with quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (QTOF-MS)...
March 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279174/traditional-knowledge-on-wild-and-cultivated-plants-in-the-kilombero-valley-morogoro-region-tanzania
#8
Mirko Salinitro, Renzo Vicentini, Costantino Bonomi, Annalisa Tassoni
BACKGROUND: This research was performed in four villages adjacent the boundary of Udzungwa Mountains National Park in the Kilombero River plain of Tanzania. The area adjacent the villages is characterized by self-consumption agriculture, with a population that is on average poor, still very tied to traditions and almost entirely unaffected by modernization and technology. The aim of the present study was to investigate and record local knowledge regarding the use of wild and traditionally cultivated plants used for traditional medicine and for other everyday purposes (e...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278682/phytochemical-analysis-of-the-ethanolic-extract-of-agathis-robusta-c-moore-ex-f-muell-f-m-bailey
#9
Alessandro Venditti, Claudio Frezza, Chiara Campanelli, Sebastiano Foddai, Armandodoriano Bianco, Mauro Serafini
This work reports the phytochemical analysis of the ethanolic extract obtained from the leaves of Agathis robusta (C. Moore ex F. Muell.) F.M. Bailey. The methodology utilised during this study comprised classical chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques. Six compounds were identified: agathisflavone (1), 7″-O-methyl-agathisflavone (2), cupressuflavone (3), rutin (4), shikimic acid (5) and (2S)-1,2-Di-O-[(9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoyl]-3-O-β-d-galactopyranosyl glycerol (6). These belong to four major classes of natural compounds: bi-flavonoids (1-3); diglycosidic flavonoids (4); cycloexen-carboxylic acids (5); glycerol-glycolipids (6)...
February 8, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249548/traditional-uses-chemical-constituents-and-biological-activities-of-plants-from-the-genus-sanguisorba-l
#10
Zefeng Zhao, Xirui He, Qiang Zhang, Xiaoyang Wei, Linhong Huang, Jia Cheng Fang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Meimei Zhao, Yajun Bai, Xiaohui Zheng
Plants from the genus Sanguisorba have been treated as medicinal ingredients for over 2000 years. This paper reviews advances in the botanical, phytochemical and pharmacological studies of the genus. To date, more than 120 chemical constituents have been isolated and identified from these plants, especially from S. officinalis and S. minor. Among these compounds, triterpenoids, phenols and flavonoids are the primary biologically active constituents. Triterpenoids can be used as quality control markers to determine the quality of medicinal materials and their preparations...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243901/the-genus-carissa-an-ethnopharmacological-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-review
#11
REVIEW
Joseph Sakah Kaunda, Ying-Jun Zhang
Carissa L. is a genus of the family Apocynaceae, with about 36 species as evergreen shrubs or small trees native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Most of Carissa plants have been employed and utilized in traditional medicine for various ailments, such as headache, chest complains, rheumatism, oedema, gonorrhoea, syphilis, rabies. So far, only nine Carissa species have been phytochemically studied, which led to the identification of 123 compounds including terpenes, flavonoids, lignans, sterols, simple phenolic compounds, fatty acids and esters, and so on...
February 27, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236614/treatment-of-athlete-s-plantar-warts-using-a-botanical-blend-a-case-report
#12
Erik O Nelson, Adam F Kozin, Guillermo Ruiz, Arben Lasku, Jeffrey O Langland
Context • Viral plantar warts, or verruca plantaris, are a benign epithelial tumor caused by various strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV). Current treatments have had mixed degrees of success, are moderately invasive, and are often incompatible with participation in sports. Objective • The study intended to examine the benefits of treating plantar warts with a topical, botanical blend that has had clinical success treating herpes simplex virus cold sores. Methods • A synergistic botanical blend was applied topically...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219727/economic-botany-collections-a-source-of-material-evidence-for-exploring-historical-changes-in-chinese-medicinal-materials
#13
Eric Brand, Christine Leon, Mark Nesbitt, Ping Guo, Ran Huang, Hubiao Chen, Li Liang, Zhongzhen Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs) have changed over centuries of use, particularly in terms of their botanical identity and processing methods. In some cases, these changes have important implications for safety and efficacy in modern clinical practice. As most previous research has focused on clarifying the evolution of CMMs by analyzing traditional Chinese materia medica ("bencao") literature, assessments of historical collections are needed to validate these conclusions with material evidence...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214539/lumbee-traditional-medicine-neuroprotective-activities-of-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-parkinson-s-disease-related-symptoms
#14
Aurélie de Rus Jacquet, Michael Timmers, Sin Ying Ma, Andrew Thieme, George P McCabe, Jay Hansford C Vest, Mary Ann Lila, Jean-Christophe Rochet
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the presence in surviving neurons of Lewy body inclusions enriched with aggregated forms of the presynaptic protein α-synuclein (aSyn). Although current therapies provide temporary symptomatic relief, they do not slow the underlying neurodegeneration in the midbrain. In this study, we analyzed contemporary herbal medicinal practices used by members of the Lumbee tribe to treat PD-related symptoms, in an effort to identify safe and effective herbal medicines to treat PD...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197520/a-mini-review-on-the-most-important-effective-medicinal-plants-to-treat-hypertension-in-ethnobotanical-evidence-of-iran
#15
REVIEW
Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi, Majid Asadi-Samani
Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases are highly prevalent in human communities. Hypertension is a multifactorial disease which causes a mortality twice higher than general population. Given the fact that medicinal plants have long been used to treat hypertension and are currently being administered for this disease, we sought to report the mostly effective and important medicinal plants on hypertension therapy in ethno-botanical evidence of Iran. In this study, hypertension, Iran, ethno-botany, medicinal plants, and traditional medicine were used as key words to search in Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO and EMBASE to select relevant articles...
2017: J Nephropharmacol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192202/ethnomedicinal-uses-of-plants-for-the-treatment-of-malaria-in-soon-valley-khushab-pakistan
#16
Amin Shah, Sarvat Rahim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: To best of our knowledge this is the first quantitative ethno-medicinal study with the aim of documenting the indigenous knowledge and practices of using plants for malarial therapy in Soon Valley, Khushab, Pakistan. In this Valley, malaria is among the major public health problems but, until now, the population still mostly relies on herbal medicine for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethno-medicinal data were documented from 63 informants by using semi-structured questionnaires and interviewing the informants about their knowledge of plants regarding malaria and related symptoms...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186134/virulence-inhibitors-from-brazilian-peppertree-block-quorum-sensing-and-abate-dermonecrosis-in-skin-infection-models
#17
Amelia Muhs, James T Lyles, Corey P Parlet, Kate Nelson, Jeffery S Kavanaugh, Alexander R Horswill, Cassandra L Quave
Widespread antibiotic resistance is on the rise and current therapies are becoming increasingly limited in both scope and efficacy. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) represents a major contributor to this trend. Quorum sensing controlled virulence factors include secreted toxins responsible for extensive damage to host tissues and evasion of the immune system response; they are major contributors to morbidity and mortality. Investigation of botanical folk medicines for wounds and infections led us to study Schinus terebinthifolia (Brazilian Peppertree) as a potential source of virulence inhibitors...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173792/microscopic-identification-and-in-vitro-activity-of-agastache-rugosa-fisch-et-mey-from-xinjiang-china
#18
Haiyan Gong, Shaoyu Li, Lijuan He, Rena Kasimu
BACKGROUND: Agastache rugosa is well-known as a common traditional Chinese medicine, which have relieving summer-heat, analgesic and antipyretic effects, have long been used as folkloristic remedy in the treatment of several infectious diseases, anti-inflammatory, and for its antibacterial properties. Considering the lack of available data on the morphology, anatomy and in vitro activity of A. rugosa, the goal of the present study was to carry out the microscopic identification of its aerial parts and in vitro activity research as a contribution to the quality control and reasonable utilization involving A...
February 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168560/larvicidal-activity-of-blumea-eriantha-essential-oil-and-its-components-against-six-mosquito-species-including-zika-virus-vectors-the-promising-potential-of-4e-6z-allo-ocimene-carvotanacetone-and-dodecyl-acetate
#19
Giovanni Benelli, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Mohan Rajeswary, Sengamalai Senthilmurugan, Periasamy Vijayan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled
The effective and environmentally sustainable control of mosquitoes is a challenge of essential importance. This is due to the fact that some invasive mosquitoes, with special reference to the Aedes genus, are particularly difficult to control, due to their high ecological plasticity. Moreover, the indiscriminate overuse of synthetic insecticides resulted in undesirable effects on human health and non-target organisms, as well as resistance development in targeted vectors. Here, the leaf essential oil (EO) extracted from a scarcely studied plant of ethno-medicinal interest, Blumea eriantha (Asteraceae), was tested on the larvae of six mosquitoes, including Zika virus vectors...
February 6, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163964/ethnomedical-survey-and-safety-evaluation-of-traditional-eye-medicines-used-in-misungwi-district-tanzania
#20
Sheila M Maregesi, Charles W Messo, Juma Mathias
AIM: This study aimed at documenting products used as traditional eye medicine (TEM) in Misungwi district, Tanzania, and performing preliminary analysis on safety status. METHODOLOGY: Ethnomedical study was conducted in Misungwi district. Information was sourced by face-to-face interview with traditional healers, traditional medicine vendors, and knowledgeable people guided by a well-structured questionnaire. Safety was evaluated by determining pH using pH meter and mineral analysis using the Delta, Portable X-ray fluorescence equipment, and qualitative chemical tests...
January 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
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