keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Australian

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231633/barriers-to-regaining-control-within-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-of-family-resilience-in-icu-living-with-uncertainty
#1
Pauline Wong, Pranee Liamputtong, Susan Koch, Helen Rawson
This paper discusses families' experiences of their interactions when a relative is admitted unexpectedly to an Australian intensive care unit BACKGROUND: The overwhelming emotions associated with the unexpected admission of a relative to an intensive care unit (ICU) are often due to the uncertainty surrounding the condition of their critically ill relative. There is limited in-depth understanding of the nature of uncertainty experienced by families in ICU, and interventions perceived by families to minimise their uncertainty are not well documented...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231621/the-biogeography-of-tropical-reef-fishes-endemism-and-provinciality-through-time
#2
Peter F Cowman, Valeriano Parravicini, Michel Kulbicki, Sergio R Floeter
The largest marine biodiversity hotspot straddles the Indian and Pacific Oceans, driven by taxa associated with tropical coral reefs. Centred on the Indo-Australian Archipelago (IAA), this biodiversity hotspot forms the 'bullseye' of a steep gradient in species richness from this centre to the periphery of the vast Indo-Pacific region. Complex patterns of endemism, wide-ranging species and assemblage differences have obscured our understanding of the genesis of this biodiversity pattern and its maintenance across two-thirds of the world's oceans...
February 23, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231135/changes-in-food-intake-in-australia-comparing-the-1995-and-2011-national-nutrition-survey-results-disaggregated-into-basic-foods
#3
Bradley Ridoutt, Danielle Baird, Kathryn Bastiaans, Gilly Hendrie, Malcolm Riley, Peerasak Sanguansri, Julie Syrette, Manny Noakes
As nations seek to address obesity and diet-related chronic disease, understanding shifts in food intake over time is an imperative. However, quantifying intake of basic foods is not straightforward because of the diversity of raw and cooked wholefoods, processed foods and mixed dishes actually consumed. In this study, data from the Australian national nutrition surveys of 1995 and 2011, each involving more than 12,000 individuals and covering more than 4500 separate foods, were coherently disaggregated into basic foods, with cooking and processing factors applied where necessary...
May 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230925/not-all-athletes-are-equal-but-don-t-call-me-an-exerciser-response-to-araujo-and-scharhag-2016
#4
Clare MacMahon, Lucy Parrington
Many Olympians and Paralympians would not be called athletes if what dictates this classification is fulfilling the criteria of Araujo and Scharhag (2016). Shelley Watts, Australian amateur boxer and Commonwealth gold medallist undertakes a double degree in law and sports science, something which undoubtedly takes up a considerable number of hours throughout her week (Australian Olympic Committie [AOC], 2016). There are many other athletes in similar positions - College athletes in the United States who are part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), for example...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230806/metabolic-profiling-and-identification-of-shikonins-in-root-periderm-of-two-invasive-echium-spp-weeds-in-australia
#5
Dominik Skoneczny, Paul A Weston, Xiaocheng Zhu, Geoff M Gurr, Ragan M Callaway, Russel A Barrow, Leslie A Weston
Metabolic profiling can be successfully implemented to analyse a living system's response to environmental conditions by providing critical information on an organism's physiological state at a particular point in time and allowing for both quantitative and qualitative assessment of a specific subset(s) of key metabolites. Shikonins are highly reactive chemicals that affect various cell signalling pathways and possess antifungal, antibacterial and allelopathic activity. Based on previous bioassay results, bioactive shikonins, are likely to play important roles in the regulation of rhizosphere interactions with neighbouring plants, microbes and herbivores...
February 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230580/the-patient-perspective-on-errors-in-cancer-care-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Mariko Carey, Allison W Boyes, Jamie Bryant, Heidi Turon, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Robert Sanson-Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore medical oncology outpatients' perceived experiences of errors in their cancer care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. English-speaking medical oncology outpatients aged 18 years or older were recruited from 9 Australian cancer treatment centers. Participants completed 2 paper-and-pencil questionnaires: an initial survey on demographic, disease and treatment characteristics upon recruitment; and a second survey on their experiences of errors in cancer care 1 month later...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229497/drinkers-identification-with-varying-alcohol-consumption-prototypes
#7
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle I Jongenelis, Iain S Pratt, Terry Slevin, Tanya Chikritzhs
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Efforts to reduce excessive alcohol consumption need to take into account drinkers' perceptions of their risk of alcohol-related harm. The aim of the present study was to profile adult Australian drinkers according to their self-identification with various drinker prototypes to determine the extent to which these prototypes are associated with perceived and actual risk of alcohol-related harm. DESIGN AND METHODS: A large web panel provider disseminated an online survey to a national sample of 2168 drinkers aged 18+ years who consumed alcohol at least twice per month...
February 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228676/a-new-species-of-the-leafhopper-genus-maiestas-distant-from-australia-hemiptera-cicadellidae-deltocephalinae-deltocephalini
#8
Yani Duan, Christopher H Dietrich, Yalin Zhang
A new leafhopper species Maiestas irwinisp. n. is described and illustrated from Australia. A checklist of the genus from the Australian region is provided together with a key to species for males.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228475/parallel-evolution-of-mound-building-and-grass-feeding-in-australian-nasute-termites
#9
Daej A Arab, Anna Namyatova, Theodore A Evans, Stephen L Cameron, David K Yeates, Simon Y W Ho, Nathan Lo
Termite mounds built by representatives of the family Termitidae are among the most spectacular constructions in the animal kingdom, reaching 6-8 m in height and housing millions of individuals. Although functional aspects of these structures are well studied, their evolutionary origins remain poorly understood. Australian representatives of the termitid subfamily Nasutitermitinae display a wide variety of nesting habits, making them an ideal group for investigating the evolution of mound building. Because they feed on a variety of substrates, they also provide an opportunity to illuminate the evolution of termite diets...
February 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227669/green-lasers-are-beyond-power-limits-mandated-by-safety-standards
#10
M H Lee, K Fox, S Goldwasser, D W M Lau, B Aliahmad, M Sarossy, M H Lee, K Fox, S Goldwasser, D W M Lau, B Aliahmad, M Sarossy, B Aliahmad, M H Lee, K Fox, D W M Lau, M Sarossy, S Goldwasser
There has been an increasing number of reports of people losing vision from laser exposure from pocket laser pointers despite the safety limit of 1 milliwatt (1mW) imposed by the Australian government. We hypothesize that this is because commercially available red and green laser pointers are exceeding their labeled power outputs. We tested the power outputs of 4 red and 4 green lasers which were purchased for less than AUD$30 each. The average of 10 measurements was recorded for each laser. We found that 3 out of 4 red lasers conformed to the 1mW safety standard; in contrast, all of the green lasers exceeded this limit, with one of the lasers recording an output of 127...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227501/feasibility-of-a-chronic-minimally-invasive-endovascular-neural-interface
#11
Nicholas L Opie, Gil S Rind, Sam E John, Stephen M Ronayne, David B Grayden, Anthony N Burkitt, Clive N May, Terence J O'Brien, Thomas J Oxley, Nicholas L Opie, Gil S Rind, Sam E John, Stephen M Ronayne, David B Grayden, Anthony N Burkitt, Clive N May, Terence J O'Brien, Thomas J Oxley, Sam E John, Stephen M Ronayne, David B Grayden, Nicholas L Opie, Anthony N Burkitt, Terence J O'Brien, Clive N May, Thomas J Oxley, Gil S Rind
Development of a neural interface that can be implanted without risky, open brain surgery will increase the safety and viability of chronic neural recording arrays. We have developed a minimally invasive surgical procedure and an endovascular electrode-array that can be delivered to overlie the cortex through blood vessels. Here, we describe feasibility of the endovascular interface through electrode viability, recording potential and safety. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy demonstrated that electrode impedance was stable over 91 days and low frequency phase could be used to infer electrode incorporation into the vessel wall...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225703/do-acute-hospitalised-patients-in-australia-have-a-different-body-mass-index-to-the-general-australian-population-a-point-prevalence-study
#12
Diane M Dennis, Vicki Carter, Michelle Trevenen, Jacinta Tyler, Luisa Perrella, Erika Lori, Ian Cooper
Objective The aim of the present study was to provide a current snapshot of the body mass index (BMI) of the entire patient cohort of an Australian tertiary hospital on one day and compare these data with current published Australian and state (Western Australia) population norms.Methods A single-centre prospective point prevalence study was performed whereby BMI was calculated following actual measurement of patient weight (nurse) and height (physiotherapist) on one day during 2015. Variables were summarised descriptively, and one-way analysis of variance was used to investigate the relationship between continuous BMI and hospital speciality...
February 23, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225336/paediatric-tuberculosis-in-queensland-australia-overrepresentation-of-cross-border-and-indigenous-children
#13
E J Donnan, C Coulter, G Simpson, J Clark, C Nourse
SETTING: Queensland, Australia. BACKGROUND: Understanding paediatric tuberculosis (TB) is important, as children with TB typically reflect recent community transmission. Children pose unique diagnostic challenges and are at risk of developing severe disseminated infection. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, presentation and outcomes of children with TB disease in Queensland. DESIGN: This is a retrospective case series of children diagnosed with TB aged 0-16 years notified in 2005-2014...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225054/nutritional-adequacy-of-diets-for-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-considerations-for-dietetic-practice
#14
N B Lister, M L Gow, K Chisholm, A Grunseit, S P Garnett, L A Baur
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Adolescents have unique nutrient requirements due to rapid growth and development. High rates of obesity in adolescents require a variety of diet interventions to achieve weight loss under clinical supervision. The aim of this study is to examine the nutritional adequacy of energy-restricted diets for adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three popular diets were modelled for 7 days and assessed by comparing the nutrient profile to the Australian Nutrient Reference Values...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224100/early-infant-male-circumcision-systematic-review-risk-benefit-analysis-and-progress-in-policy
#15
Brian J Morris, Sean E Kennedy, Alex D Wodak, Adrian Mindel, David Golovsky, Leslie Schrieber, Eugenie R Lumbers, David J Handelsman, John B Ziegler
AIM: To determine whether recent evidence-based United States policies on male circumcision (MC) apply to comparable Anglophone countries, Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Articles in 2005 through 2015 were retrieved from PubMed using the keyword "circumcision" together with 36 relevant subtopics. A further PubMed search was performed for articles published in 2016. Searches of the EMBASE and Cochrane databases did not yield additional citable articles. Articles were assessed for quality and those rated 2+ and above according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Grading System were studied further...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223855/perception-of-educational-value-in-clinical-rotations-by-medical-students
#16
David A Kandiah
AIM: Clinical teaching in Australian medical schools has changed to meet the needs of substantially increased medical student cohorts. As such, formal feedback from these student cohorts is needed about the value they place on the educational input from each clinical rotation. This study aims to determine which aspects of clinical placements are most educationally useful to medical students. METHODS: In this study, final year medical students from the University of Western Australia (UWA) were surveyed via an anonymous online questionnaire, identifying which clinical placements were found to be the most and the least useful to their learning and the positive aspects of these placements...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222825/combined-universal-and-selective-prevention-for-adolescent-alcohol-use-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
M Teesson, N C Newton, T Slade, N Carragher, E L Barrett, K E Champion, E V Kelly, N K Nair, L A Stapinski, P J Conrod
BACKGROUND: No existing models of alcohol prevention concurrently adopt universal and selective approaches. This study aims to evaluate the first combined universal and selective approach to alcohol prevention. METHOD: A total of 26 Australian schools with 2190 students (mean age: 13.3 years) were randomized to receive: universal prevention (Climate Schools); selective prevention (Preventure); combined prevention (Climate Schools and Preventure; CAP); or health education as usual (control)...
February 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222813/comparative-speed-of-kill-of-sarolaner-simparica-%C3%A2-and-afoxolaner-nexgard-%C3%A2-against-induced-infestations-of-ixodes-holocyclus-on-dogs
#18
Raj Packianathan, Andrew Hodge, Natalie Bruellke, Kylie Davis, Steven Maeder
BACKGROUND: The Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus, causes paralysis predominantly in dogs and cats in the Eastern coastal regions of Australia. Rapid onset of effect of a parasiticide is critical to minimize the deleterious effects of these tick infestations, especially tick paralysis caused by the salivary neurotoxin. The speed of kill of a novel orally administered isoxazoline parasiticide, sarolaner chewable tablets (Simparica(®)), against I. holocyclus on dogs was evaluated and compared with afoxolaner (NexGard(®)) for 5 weeks after a single oral dose...
February 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222770/what-do-patients-with-diabetes-and-providers-think-of-an-innovative-australian-model-of-remote-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-a-qualitative-study
#19
Nicola M Glasson, Sarah L Larkins, Lisa J Crossland
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the commonest cause of preventable blindness in working age populations, but up to 98% of visual loss secondary to DR can be prevented with early detection and treatment. In 2012, an innovative outreach DR screening model was implemented in remote communities in a state of Australia. The aim of this study was to explore the acceptability of this unique DR screening model to patients, health professionals and other key stakeholders. METHODS: This descriptive qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with patients opportunistically recruited whilst attending DR screening, and purposefully selected health care professionals either working within or impacted by the programme...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222717/causes-of-death-in-very-preterm-infants-cared-for-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Tim Schindler, Louise Koller-Smith, Kei Lui, Barbara Bajuk, Srinivas Bolisetty
BACKGROUND: While there are good data to describe changing trends in mortality and morbidity rates for preterm populations, there is very little information on the specific causes and pattern of death in terms of age of vulnerability. It is well established that mortality increases with decreasing gestational age but there are limited data on the specific causes that account for this increased mortality. The aim of this study was to establish the common causes of hospital mortality in a regional preterm population admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
12112
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"