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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933267/a-mixed-method-study-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-consultation-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-smoking-cessation-treatment-among-male-smokers-in-malaysia
#1
Yuin Yi Lee, Selina Khoo, Tony Morris, Clare Hanlon, Lei-Hum Wee, Eng Wah Teo, Yuhanis Adnan
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effectiveness of using Physical Activity Consultation (PAC) as an addition to the standard smoking cessation treatment in Malaysia. We explored participants' experiences in terms of physical activity and smoking abstinence with the combined PAC and smoking cessation intervention. METHODS: Walk-in smokers from a local smoking cessation clinic volunteered for the 8-week intervention program, while undergoing standard smoking cessation treatment...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932488/examining-age-differences-in-duration-of-wage-replacement-by-injury-characteristics
#2
J K Fan, O Black, P M Smith
BACKGROUND: One explanation for why older age is associated with greater duration of wage replacement following a work-related injury may be that older workers sustain more severe injuries and different types of injury compared with their younger counterparts. AIMS: To examine the role of injury-related characteristics in explaining the impact of age on wage replacement duration, and whether the relationship between age and wage replacement duration is consistent across injury types and levels of severity...
December 7, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932402/australian-medical-college-fights-accusations-of-misconduct-in-presidential-election
#3
Paul Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932340/is-walk-score-associated-with-hospital-admissions-from-chronic-diseases-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-high-socioeconomic-status-australian-city-state
#4
Soumya Mazumdar, Vincent Learnihan, Thomas Cochrane, Hai Phung, Bridget O'Connor, Rachel Davey
OBJECTIVES: To explore patterns of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).To ascertain the effect of the neighbourhood built environmental features and especially walkability on health outcomes, specifically for hospital admissions from NCDs. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of public hospital episode data (2007-2013). SETTING: Hospitalisations from the ACT, Australia at very small geographic areas. PARTICIPANTS: Secondary data on 75 290 unique hospital episodes representing 39 851 patients who were admitted to ACT hospitals from 2007 to 2013...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932335/multicentre-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial-of-oral-anticoagulation-with-apixaban-in-systemic-sclerosis-related-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-the-sphinx-study-protocol
#5
Alicia Calderone, Wendy Stevens, David Prior, Harshal Nandurkar, Eli Gabbay, Susanna M Proudman, Trevor Williams, David Celermajer, Joanne Sahhar, Peter K K Wong, Vivek Thakkar, Nathan Dwyer, Jeremy Wrobel, Weng Chin, Danny Liew, Margaret Staples, Rachelle Buchbinder, Mandana Nikpour
INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe and costly multiorgan autoimmune connective tissue disease characterised by vasculopathy and fibrosis. One of the major causes of SSc-related death is pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which develops in 12-15% of patients with SSc and accounts for 30-40% of deaths. In situ thrombosis in the small calibre peripheral pulmonary vessels resulting from endothelial dysfunction and an imbalance of anticoagulant and prothrombotic mediators has been implicated in the complex pathophysiology of SSc-related PAH (SSc-PAH), with international clinical guidelines recommending the use of anticoagulants for some types of PAH, such as idiopathic PAH...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931950/patient-acceptance-of-the-optical-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-diminutive-colorectal-polyps
#6
Shinichiro Sakata, Antonio H S Lee, Ammar O Kheir, Nicholas J Tutticci, Sanjeev Naidu, Andrew R L Stevenson, David G Hewett
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Optical diagnosis allows for real-time endoscopic assessment of colorectal polyp histology and consists of the "resect and discard" and "diagnose and leave" paradigms. This survey assessed patient acceptance of optical diagnosis and their responses to a hypothetical doomsday scenario. METHODS: A 3-month cross-sectional survey of colonoscopy outpatients presenting to an Australian academic endoscopy center. RESULTS: 981 patients completed the survey (76...
December 5, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931076/sampling-methodology-and-site-selection-in-the-national-eye-health-survey-nehs-an-australian-population-based-prevalence-study
#7
Joshua Foreman, Stuart Keel, Ross Dunn, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
BACKGROUND: To present the sampling methodology and selected testing sites of the National Eye Health Survey (NEHS); a cross-sectional population-based survey that aimed to determine the prevalence of vision impairment and blindness in Australia. DESIGN: Indigenous Australians aged 40 years and older and non-Indigenous Australians aged 50 years and older residing in all levels of geographic remoteness in Australia. METHODS: Using multi-stage, random-cluster sampling, 30 geographic areas were selected to provide a sample of 3000 non-Indigenous Australians and 1400 Indigenous Australians...
December 8, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930963/-teaching-on-the-run-with-australian-midwives-in-a-tertiary-maternity-hospital
#8
Yvonne Hauck, Lucy Lewis, Alissa Pemberton, Caroline Crichton, Janice Butt
Teaching On The Run (TOTR) is an Australian program for health professionals involved in clinical supervision. An amended TOTR program was evaluated with midwives acting as preceptors assisting learners integrate theory with clinical practice. A mixed method study was employed to compare midwives' perceived skills and confidence before and after completion of TOTR workshops. A secondary aim explored midwifery learners' (students and new graduates) perceptions of support from preceptors during the implementation of TOTR...
November 25, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929661/an-evaluation-of-parent-child-interaction-therapy-with-and-without-motivational-enhancement-to-reduce-attrition
#9
Haley J Webb, Rae Thomas, Leanne McGregor, Elbina Avdagic, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck
Although many interventions for child externalizing behavior report promising outcomes for families, high attrition prior to program completion remains a problem. Many programs report dropout rates of 50% or higher. In this trial we sought to reduce attrition and improve outcomes by augmenting a well-known evidence-based intervention, Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), with a 3-session individual motivational enhancement component. Participants were 192 Australian caregivers (91.7% female; Mage = 34...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929532/post-term-surveillance-and-birth-outcomes-in-south-asian-born-compared-with-australian-born-women
#10
C Yim, L Wong, C Cabalag, E M Wallace, M Davies-Tuck
OBJECTIVE: To determine if apparently healthy post-term South Asian-born (SA) women were more likely to have abnormal post-term fetal surveillance than Australian- and New Zealand-born (AUS/NZ) women, whether those abnormalities were associated with increased rates of obstetric intervention and adverse perinatal outcomes, and whether SA women and their babies were at higher risk of adverse outcomes in the post-term period irrespective of their post-term surveillance outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Post-term surveillance and perinatal outcomes of 145 SA and 272 AUS/NZ nulliparous women with a singleton post-term pregnancy were compared in a retrospective multicentre cohort analysis...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929416/from-consultation-to-application-practical-solutions-for-improving-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-adolescent-aboriginal-mothers-at-a-local-level
#11
Tracy Reibel, Paula Wyndow, Roz Walker
Adolescent pregnancy has been typically linked to a range of adverse outcomes for mother and child. In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women have a higher proportion of adolescent births compared with other adolescent Australian women, and are at greater risk of poorer psychosocial and clinical outcomes if they are not well supported during pregnancy and beyond. Drawing on existing literature and consultations with young Aboriginal women and health professionals supporting pregnant Aboriginal women in Western Australia, this paper discusses the importance of creating models of antenatal care using a "social determinants of health" framework...
December 6, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928973/development-of-a-mass-gathering-triage-tool-an-australian-perspective
#12
Matt Cannon, Rebecca Roitman, Jamie Ranse, Julia Morphet
Many health service organizations deploy first responders and health care professionals to mass gatherings to assess and manage injuries and illnesses. Patient presentation rates (PPRs) to on-site health services at a mass gathering range from 0.48-170 per 10,000 participants. Transport to hospital rates (TTHRs) range from 0.035-15 per 10,000 participants. The aim of this report was to outline the current literature pertaining to mass-gathering triage and to describe the development of a mass-gathering triage tool for use in the Australian context by first responders...
December 8, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928875/is-it-all-about-price-why-requests-for-government-subsidy-of-anticancer-drugs-were-rejected-in-australia
#13
Deme John Karikios, Lesley Chim, Andrew Martin, Adnan Nagrial, Kirsten Howard, Glenn Salkeld, Martin Richard Stockler
BACKGROUND: Australians access anticancer drugs predominantly through the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS). We aimed to determine why the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee (PBAC) rejects submissions to list anticancer drugs on the PBS. METHODS: We reviewed publicly available information about submissions made to the PBAC for PBS listing of anticancer drugs from 2005 to 2014. Submission characteristics including clinical and economic evidence, PBAC recommendations, and the reasons offered for rejection were recorded...
December 8, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928758/mapping-chu9d-utility-scores-from-the-pedsql-tm-4-0-sf-15
#14
Christine Mpundu-Kaambwa, Gang Chen, Remo Russo, Katherine Stevens, Karin Dam Petersen, Julie Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 Short Form 15 Generic Core Scales (hereafter the PedsQL) and the Child Health Utility-9 Dimensions (CHU9D) are two generic instruments designed to measure health-related quality of life in children and adolescents in the general population and paediatric patient groups living with specific health conditions. Although the PedsQL is widely used among paediatric patient populations, presently it is not possible to directly use the scores from the instrument to calculate quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) for application in economic evaluation because it produces summary scores which are not preference-based...
December 7, 2016: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928682/morphological-and-genetic-characterization-of-kudoa-whippsi-myxosporea-multivalvulida-from-cheilodactylus-zonatus-in-the-western-pacific-ocean-off-japan-and-two-new-kudoa-spp-k-akihitoi-n-sp-and-k-empressmichikoae-n-sp-from-acanthogobius-hasta-in-the-sea-of
#15
Akihiro Kasai, Aogu Setsuda, Hiroshi Sato
Molecular genetic characterization using the ribosomal RNA (rDNA) gene accrues a wealth of knowledge regarding the true nature of species diversity of Kudoa Meglitsch, 1947 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Multivalvulida) and the biogeographical relationships of isolates from different host fish and sea areas. In the present study, we characterized morphologically and genetically three Kudoa spp. with four shell valves and polar capsules (SV/PC), forming pseudocysts in the myofiber of trunk muscles of Cheilodactylus zonatus or Acanthogobius hasta in the natural seawater around Japan...
December 7, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928502/improving-cardiovascular-outcomes-among-aboriginal-australians-lessons-from-research-for-primary-care
#16
Sandra C Thompson, Emma Haynes, John A Woods, Dawn C Bessarab, Lynette A Dimer, Marianne M Wood, Frank M Sanfilippo, Sandra J Hamilton, Judith M Katzenellenbogen
BACKGROUND: The Aboriginal people of Australia have much poorer health and social indicators and a substantial life expectancy gap compared to other Australians, with premature cardiovascular disease a major contributor to poorer health. This article draws on research undertaken to examine cardiovascular disparities and focuses on ways in which primary care practitioners can contribute to reducing cardiovascular disparities and improving Aboriginal health. METHODS: The overall research utilised mixed methods and included data analysis, interviews and group processes which included Aboriginal people, service providers and policymakers...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927910/validation-of-various-parasite-detection-tests-for-use-in-the-australian-marsupials-quenda-isoodon-obesulus-and-brushtail-possums-trichosurus-vulpecula
#17
Alison E Hillman, Amanda L Ash, Amanda R Kristancic, Aileen D Elliot, Alan J Lymbery, Ian D Robertson, R C Andrew Thompson
We aimed to validate the use of 1) the modified agglutination test and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocol in detecting Toxoplasma gondii infection in quenda (Isoodon obesulus) and brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula); 2) immunofluorescence microscopy of feces and a PCR and sequencing protocol in detecting Giardia spp. infection in quenda; and 3) a fecal flotation protocol in detecting gastrointestinal helminth infections of quenda. Quenda and brushtail possum carcasses, and samples from trapped quenda, were tested with 2 parasite detection tests per parasite, and results were modeled using Bayesian latent class analysis to estimate test sensitivity and specificity...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927845/embryo-donation-and-understanding-of-kinship-the-impact-of-law-and-policy
#18
Jenni Millbank, Anita Stuhmcke, Isabel Karpin
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of law and policy upon the experience of embryo donation for reproductive use? SUMMARY ANSWER: Access to, and experience of, embryo donation are influenced by a number of external factors including laws that impose embryo storage limits, those that frame counselling and approval requirements and allow for, or mandate, donor identity disclosure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: To date only three qualitative studies in Australia and New Zealand have been completed on the experience of embryo donation for reproductive purposes, each with a small cohort of interviewees and divergent findings...
December 6, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927608/pretravel-health-advice-among-australians-returning-from-bali-indonesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#19
Chloe A Thomson, Robyn A Gibbs, Jane S Heyworth, Carolien Giele, Martin J Firth, Paul V Effler
BACKGROUND: The effect of pretravel health advice (PTHA) on travel-related illness rates is poorly understood, and to date there are no published randomized controlled trials evaluating the impact of PTHA outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the effect of an online PTHA intervention on travel-related illness rates in Western Australians visiting Bali, Indonesia. METHODS: Western Australian travelers to Bali will be recruited online before departure and will be randomly allocated to an intervention or control group by computer algorithm...
December 7, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927280/barriers-to-accessing-primary-health-care-comparing-australian-experiences-internationally
#20
Lisa Corscadden, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Virginia Lewis, Mylaine Breton, Kim Sutherland, Jan-Willem Weenink, Jeannie Haggerty, Grant Russell
Most highly developed economies have embarked on a process of primary health care (PHC) transformation. To provide evidence on how nations vary in terms of accessing PHC, the aim of this study is to describe the extent to which barriers to access were experienced by adults in Australia compared with other countries. Communities participating in an international research project on PHC access interventions were engaged to prioritise questions from the 2013 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey within a framework that conceptualises access across dimensions of approachability, acceptability, availability, affordability and appropriateness...
December 8, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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