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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677118/research-priorities-in-suicide-prevention-review-of-australian-research-from-2010%C3%A2-2017-highlights-continued-need-for-intervention-research
#1
Lennart Reifels, Maria Ftanou, Karolina Krysinska, Anna Machlin, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis
Suicide is a major public health concern in Australia and globally, requiring targeted research efforts to build the evidence base for its effective prevention. We examined current and future priorities in Australian suicide prevention research during the period 2010⁻2017, and compared these to 1999⁻2006 baseline data. We classified current research priorities in terms of the type of research published in 424 journal articles and 36 grants and fellowships funded during 2010⁻2017. A questionnaire administered to 390 stakeholders identified future research priorities...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676055/the-development-of-funding-recommendations-for-health-technologies-at-the-state-level-a-south-australian-case-study
#2
Robyn Lambert, Drew Carter, Naomi Burgess, Hossein Haji Ali Afzali
OBJECTIVES: State governments often face capped budgets that can restrict expenditure on health technologies and their evaluation, yet many technologies are introduced to practice through state-funded institutions such as hospitals, rather than through national evaluation mechanisms. This research aimed to identify the criteria, evidence, and standards used by South Australian committee members to recommend funding for high-cost health technologies. METHODS: We undertook 8 semi-structured interviews and 2 meeting observations with members of state-wide committees that have a mandate to consider the safety, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of high-cost health technologies...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676031/treatment-of-recurrent-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-post-kidney-transplantation-in-australian-and-new-zealand-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Anna Francis, Madeleine Didsbury, Hugh McCarthy, Tonya Kara
Disease recurrence affects around a third of renal transplants for children with FSGS and is associated with poor graft outcomes. Unfortunately, there are no large trials guiding treatment for recurrent FSGS. We aimed to describe current therapies and treatment response for recurrent FSGS in 4 centres in Australia and New Zealand. Data were collected on children (age <18 years) with recurrent FSGS (1990-2015). We reviewed patient charts to obtain clinical information. Ethics approval was obtained from the relevant boards...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676000/the-2016-hiv-diagnosis-and-care-cascade-in-new-south-wales-australia-meeting-the-unaids-90-90-90-targets
#4
Phillip Keen, Richard T Gray, Barbara Telfer, Rebecca Guy, Heather-Marie Schmidt, Bill Whittaker, Jo Holden, Martin Holt, Anthony Kelleher, David Wilson, Denton Callander, David A Cooper, Garrett Prestage, Christine Selvey, Andrew E Grulich
INTRODUCTION: The HIV Strategy in New South Wales (NSW) Australia aims to virtually eliminate HIV transmission by 2020. We estimated the 2016 HIV diagnosis and care cascade for the state of NSW, with a focus on introducing population-based data to improve data quality and assess progress towards the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets. METHODS: To estimate the number of people living with diagnosed HIV (PLDHIV) we used NSW data from the Australian National HIV Registry, enhanced by surveillance among people recently diagnosed with HIV to improve migration estimates...
April 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675948/pattern-of-care-and-survival-of-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-rearranged-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-alk-nsclc-in-an-australian-metropolitan-tertiary-referral-centre-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#5
Malinda Itchins, Sarah A Hayes, Anthony J Gill, Wendy Cooper, Rachel O'Connell, Viive M Howell, Stephen J Clarke, Nick Pavlakis
AIM: To report on the pattern of care and survival of anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (ALK+NSCLC) in a real-world retrospective cohort from an Australian tertiary referral center. METHODS: Individuals with a pathological diagnosis of ALK+NSCLC via immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization and a radiological diagnosis of stage IV disease were eligible. Patients were identified via the Pathology Department specimen database and electronic patient chart review...
April 19, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675863/effectiveness-of-lockouts-in-reducing-alcohol-related-harm-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Smriti Nepal, Kypros Kypri, Kirrilly Pursey, John Attia, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter Miller
ISSUES: Australian jurisdictions have introduced lockouts to prevent alcohol-related violence. Lockouts prohibit patrons from entering licensed premises after a designated time while allowing sale and consumption of alcohol to continue. Their purposes include managing the movement of intoxicated patrons, and preventing violence and disorder by dispersing times that patrons leave premises. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of lockouts in preventing alcohol-related harm. APPROACH: We systematically searched electronic databases and reference lists and asked authors to identify relevant studies published to 1 June 2017...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675770/sports-participation-and-fracture-in-older-australian-men
#7
Kara L Holloway-Kew, David J Moloney, Gosia Bucki-Smith, Natalie K Hyde, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Elizabeth N Timney, Amelia G Dobbins, Julie A Pasco
Older men who participated in a sporting activity were less likely to sustain any fracture or major osteoporotic fracture over a 6-year follow-up period. PURPOSE: Regular weight-bearing physical activity can reduce fracture risk through an increase in bone strength, as well as reducing falls risk by improving muscle strength and balance. In this study, we aimed to determine whether a specific type of physical activity, sports participation, reduces fracture risk in older Australian men...
April 19, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675692/uptake-of-and-expenditure-on-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-for-hepatitis-c-treatment-in-australia
#8
Barbara de Graaff, Kwang Chien Yee, Philip Clarke, Andrew Palmer
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have revolutionised treatment for the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Currently, treatment costs between 20,000 and 80,000 Australian dollars ($A) per patient. The Australian Federal Government provided $A1 billion over 5 years to subsidise these drugs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the uptake and financial impact of DAA prescribing in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective analysis of Medicare prescription and expenditure data for March 2016 to August 2017...
April 19, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674657/emergence-of-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-at-an-australian-hospital-a-whole-genome-sequencing-analysis
#9
Kelvin W C Leong, Louise A Cooley, Tara L Anderson, Sanjay S Gautam, Belinda McEwan, Anne Wells, Fiona Wilson, Lucy Hughson, Ronan F O'Toole
In 2015, a marked increase in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) isolation was detected at the Royal Hobart Hospital, Australia. The primary objective of this work was to examine the dynamics of VREfm transmission using whole genome data mapped to public health surveillance information. Screening and clinical isolates of VREfm from patients were typed for the specific vancomycin-resistance locus present. Of total isolates collected from 2014-2016 (n = 222), 15.3% and 84.7% harboured either the vanA or the vanB vancomycin-resistance locus, respectively...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674362/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-model-of-care-for-low-back-pain-in-emergency-departments-protocol-for-the-sydney-health-partners-emergency-department-shaped-trial
#10
Gustavo C Machado, Bethan Richards, Chris Needs, Rachelle Buchbinder, Ian A Harris, Kirsten Howard, Kirsten McCaffery, Laurent Billot, James Edwards, Eileen Rogan, Rochelle Facer, David Lord Cowell, Chris G Maher
INTRODUCTION: Patients with low back pain often seek care in emergency departments, but the problem is that many patients receive unnecessary or ineffective interventions and at the same time miss out on the basics of care, such as advice on self-management. This pattern of care has important consequences for the healthcare system (expensive and inefficient) and for patients (poor health outcomes). We hypothesised that the implementation of an evidence-based model of care for low back pain will improve emergency care by reducing inappropriate overuse of tests and treatments and improving patient outcomes...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674313/key-lessons-and-impact-of-the-growing-healthy-mhealth-program-on-milk-feeding-timing-of-introduction-of-solids-and-infant-growth-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Rachel A Laws, Elizabeth A Denney-Wilson, Sarah Taki, Catherine G Russell, Miaobing Zheng, Eloise-Kate Litterbach, Kok-Leong Ong, Sharyn J Lymer, Rosalind Elliott, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: The first year of life is an important window to initiate healthy infant feeding practices to promote healthy growth. Interventions delivered by mobile phone (mHealth) provide a novel approach for reaching parents; however, little is known about the effectiveness of mHealth for child obesity prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth obesity prevention intervention in terms of reach, acceptability, and impact on key infant feeding outcomes...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674191/seasonality-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-south-australian-population-study
#12
Petra E Verburg, Gus A Dekker, Graeme Tucker, Wendy Scheil, Jan Jaap H M Erwich, Claire T Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the seasonal variation of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in South Australia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective population study including all 107,846 liveborn singletons during 2007-2014 in South Australia. Seasonality in incidence of HDP in relation to estimated date of conception (eDoC) and date of birth (DoB) were examined using Fourier series analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Seasonality of HDP in relation to eDoC and DoB...
April 11, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674190/urinary-angiotensinogen-excretion-in-australian-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-pregnant-women
#13
Kirsty G Pringle, Celine Corbisier de Meaultsart, Shane D Sykes, Loretta J Weatherall, Lyniece Keogh, Don C Clausen, Gus A Dekker, Roger Smith, Claire T Roberts, Kym M Rae, Eugenie R Lumbers
The intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (iRAS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension, chronic kidney disease and diabetic nephropathy. Urinary angiotensinogen (uAGT) levels reflect the activity of the iRAS and are altered in women with preeclampsia. Since Indigenous Australians suffer high rates and early onset of renal disease, we hypothesised that Indigenous Australian pregnant women, like non-Indigenous women with pregnancy complications, would have altered uAGT levels. The excretion of RAS proteins was measured in non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australian women with uncomplicated or complicated pregnancies (preeclampsia, diabetes/gestational diabetes, proteinuria/albuminuria, hypertension, small/large for gestational age, preterm birth), and in non-pregnant non-Indigenous women...
April 11, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674127/bone-health-activity-and-sedentariness-at-age-11-12-years-cross-sectional-australian-population-derived-study
#14
William Osborn, Peter Simm, Tim Olds, Kate Lycett, Fiona K Mensah, Josh Muller, Francois Fraysse, Najmi Ismail, Jennifer Vlok, David Burgner, John B Carlin, Ben Edwards, Terence Dwyer, Peter Azzopardi, Sarath Ranganathan, Melissa Wake
AIM: To examine cross-sectional associations of children's bone health (size, density, strength) with moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour by considering: (1) duration of activity, (2) fragmentation, and (3) duration/fragmentation combined. METHODS: Design: Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: 11-12 year-olds in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children's Child Health CheckPoint. Exposures: MVPA and sedentary behaviour (7-day accelerometry), yielding (1) daily average durations (min/day) and (2) fragmentations (the parameter alpha, representing the relationship between activity bout frequency and bout length)...
April 16, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674008/applying-systems-ergonomics-methods-in-sport-a-systematic-review
#15
Adam Hulme, Jason Thompson, Katherine L Plant, Gemma J M Read, Scott Mclean, Amanda Clacy, Paul M Salmon
INTRODUCTION: As sports systems become increasingly more complex, competitive, and technology-centric, there is a greater need for systems ergonomics methods to consider the performance, health, and safety of athletes in context with the wider settings in which they operate. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to identify and critically evaluate studies which have applied a systems ergonomics research approach in the context of sports performance and injury management...
April 16, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673876/three-new-species-of-prosorhynchoides-digenea-bucephalidae-from-tylosurus-gavialoides-belonidae-in-moreton-bay-queensland-australia
#16
Michael D Hammond, Thomas H Cribb, Nathan J Bott
We surveyed 30 individuals of Tylosurus gavialoides (Castelnau) (Belonidae) collected from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia, and describe three new species of Prosorhynchoides Dollfus, 1929 from them. The new species are morphologically distinct from existing Prosorhynchoides spp. and 28S and ITS-2 ribosomal DNA data further supports our morphological findings. We also conduct the first mitochondrial DNA analysis of species of Prosorhynchoides. The new species from T. gavialoides form a strongly supported clade on the basis of the two ribosomal markers, further supporting the emerging hypothesis that bucephaline clades are strongly associated with host groups...
April 16, 2018: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673540/the-protective-effect-of-muesli-consumption-on-diabetes-risk-results-from-12-years-of-follow-up-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#17
Angelica Quatela, Robin Callister, Amanda J Patterson, Mark McEvoy, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks
Diabetes affects 9.8% of Australian women. Breakfast cereal consumption is potentially protective against diabetes. This study investigated the effects of breakfast cereal consumption on the 12-year risk of developing diabetes among mid-aged participants of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH). It was hypothesized that any breakfast cereal and higher-fiber breakfast cereals would be protective against the risk of developing diabetes. Data from Survey 3 (S3) to Survey 7 (S7) inclusive, from the 1946-51 ALSWH cohort were analyzed...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673391/parenting-resilient-kids-park-an-online-parenting-program-to-prevent-anxiety-and-depression-problems-in-primary-school-aged-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Luwishennadige Madhawee N Fernando, Wan Hua Sim, Anthony F Jorm, Ron Rapee, Katherine A Lawrence, Marie B H Yap
BACKGROUND: Preventive efforts targeting childhood anxiety and depression symptoms have the potential to alter the developmental trajectory of depression and anxiety disorders across the lifespan. Substantial previous research suggests that modifiable parenting factors such as parental aversiveness and over-involvement are associated with childhood anxiety, depressive and internalising symptoms, indicating that parents can play a critical role in prevention. The Parenting Resilient Kids study is a new evidence-based online parenting program designed to prevent anxiety and depression problems in primary school-aged children by reducing family-based risk factors and enhancing protective factors through increased positive interactions between parent and child...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673266/level-of-agreement-between-medical-record-and-icd-10-am-coding-of-mental-health-alcohol-and-drug-conditions-in-trauma-patients
#19
Tu Q Nguyen, Pamela M Simpson, Sandra C Braaf, Peter A Cameron, Rodney Judson, Belinda J Gabbe
BACKGROUND: Despite the reliance on administrative data in epidemiological studies, there is little information on the completeness of co-morbidities in administrative data coded from medical records. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the agreement between the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM) administrative coding of mental health, drug and alcohol co-morbidities and medical records in a severely injured patient population...
January 1, 2018: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672988/evaluation-of-a-public-education-campaign-to-support-parents-to-reduce-adolescent-alcohol-use
#20
Robyn S Johnston, Julia Stafford, Michelle I Jongenelis, Therese Shaw, Hannah Samsa, Eleanor Costello, Gary Kirby
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Mass media education campaigns targeting parents may influence parent factors that reduce adolescent drinking; however few such campaigns have been evaluated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Parents, Young People and Alcohol campaign included two phases of mass media advertising, Cogs and I See, to deliver consistent messages across multiple media channels. The campaign targeted Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds with messages describing alcohol's effect on the developing brain and adolescent physical and mental health...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
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