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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223064/patient-characteristics-incidence-technique-outcomes-and-early-prediction-of-tracheostomy-in-the-state-of-victoria-australia
#1
Andrew Casamento, Michael Bailey, Ray Robbins, David Pilcher, Stephen Warrillow, Angaj Ghosh, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy is a relatively common procedure in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. AIMS: To study the patient characteristics, incidence, technique, outcomes and prediction of tracheostomy in the State of Victoria, Australia. METHODS: We used data from the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database (ANZICS APD) and the Victorian Admitted Episode Dataset (VAED) to identify and match patients who had received a tracheostomy from 2004 to 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222598/information-needs-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-and-their-parent-carers
#2
Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Sarah Drew, Lisa Orme, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore health-related information needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their parent-carers and to examine demographic and clinical variables associated with unmet information needs, including patient activation. METHODS: In a national cross-sectional study, 196 Australian AYAs diagnosed with cancer between 15 and 25 years and within 24 months of diagnosis and 204 parent-carers reported on total and unmet needs for cancer and health-related information...
December 8, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222392/case-control-study-to-assess-the-association-between-colorectal-cancer-and-selected-occupational-agents-using-interocc-job-exposure-matrix
#3
Sonia El-Zaemey, T N Anand, Jane Shirley Heyworth, Terry Boyle, Martie van Tongeren, Lin Fritschi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most prevalent cancer in the world and is twice as common in developed countries when compared with low-income and middle-income countries. Few occupational risk factors for colorectal cancer have been identified. This case-control study aimed to assess the association between colorectal cancer and occupational exposure to selected solvents, combustion products, metals, dusts and other agents. METHODS: Cases (n=918) were enrolled from the Western Australian Cancer Registry from June 2005 to August 2007...
December 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222036/central-and-peripheral-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-australian-neonatal-and-paediatric-intensive-care-units-findings-from-a-comprehensive-victorian-surveillance-network-2008-2016
#4
L J Worth, A J Daley, T Spelman, A L Bull, J A Brett, M J Richards
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections in neonatal and paediatric populations are associated with poorer outcomes and healthcare costs, and surveillance is a necessary component of prevention programs. The objective of this study was to evaluate burden of illness, aetiology, and time-trends for central and peripheral line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI and PLABSI) in Australian neonatal and paediatric intensive care units (ICUs) between 1 July 2008 and 31 December 2016...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221757/an-international-multicenter-cohort-study-comparing-6-shoulder-clinical-scores-in-an-asymptomatic-population
#5
James M McLean, Daniel Awwad, Ryan Lisle, James Besanko, Donald Shivakkumar, Jordan Leith
HYPOTHESIS: The study purpose was to assess 6 shoulder patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) values in asymptomatic, healthy, pathology-free individuals. We hypothesized that there would be no difference in PROM values in pathology-free individuals when considering sex, age, ethnicity, and geographical location. METHODS: Electronic questionnaires were completed by 635 individuals (323 Australians and 312 Canadians) without dominant shoulder pathology for the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) shoulder score; Constant-Murley Shoulder Score (CSS); Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS); University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score; Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI); and Stanmore Percentage of Normal Shoulder Assessment (SPONSA)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220812/bioethanol-potential-of-eucalyptus-obliqua-sawdust-using-gamma-valerolactone-fractionation
#6
Raymond M Trevorah, Tien Huynh, Tony Vancov, Maazuza Z Othman
Optimisation of conditions for gamma-valerolactone (GVL) pretreatment of Australian eucalyptus sawdust for high cellulose biomass and bioethanol production was demonstrated. Pretreatment parameters investigated included GVL concentrations of 35-50% w/w, temperatures of 120-180 °C and reaction durations of 0.5-2.0 h. Optimum conditions were determined using the response surface method (RSM) and central composite face-centred design. Cellulose content increased from 39.9% to a maximum of 89.3% w/w using treatments with 50% GVL at 156 °C for 0...
November 28, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220630/aging-women-and-men-in-the-medical-profession-the-effect-of-gender-and-marital-status-on-successful-aging-and-retirement-intent-in-australian-doctors
#7
Carmelle Peisah, Georgina M Luscombe, Joanne K Earl, Chanaka Wijeratne
Despite increasing interest from the medical profession in aging and retirement, we know little about effects of gender, marital status, and cohort on aging within the profession. We surveyed 1,048 Australian doctors from "younger" (55-64) and "older" (65-89) cohorts, investigating gender and marital effects on perceptions of successful aging, career, and retirement intent. Women intend to retire earlier. Younger cohort and married women more frequently viewed their career as a calling, while women in general, and single women more frequently, endorsed personal successful aging more than men...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220621/quality-of-life-in-australian-adults-aged-50-years-and-over-data-using-the-schedule-for-the-evaluation-of-individual-quality-of-life-seiqol-dw
#8
Sofia Robleda, Nancy A Pachana
OBJECTIVES: This study explored unique and personal domains associated with quality of life (QOL) in 153 mid-aged and older Australian adults over age 50, using an innovative measure of individualized QOL, the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life (SEIQOL-DW). METHODS: Demographic measures as well as the SEIQOL-DW were administered. The qualitative responses on this scale were analyzed by Leximancer, a text analysis program that extracts semantic meaning and relational information automatically from text...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219932/cuticular-drusen-in-an-indigenous-australian
#9
William J Cunningham, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Yi Chen, Fred K Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To report a case of cuticular drusen in an indigenous Australian. METHODS: A 37-year-old indigenous (aboriginal) Australian woman from a remote Western Australian town presented with a 2-month history of vision loss. Clinical history, examination, and multimodal retinal imaging data from spectral domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography were analyzed. RESULTS: Multimodal imaging confirmed cuticular drusen complicated by a right choroidal neovascularization with pigment epithelial detachment and a left foveal vitelliform lesion...
December 5, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219896/an-analysis-of-training-loads-in-elite-under-18-australian-rule-football-players
#10
Emily E Cust, Nathan Elsworthy, Sam Robertson
Differences in training loads (TL) between under 18 (U18) Australian Rules football (AF) State Academy selected and non-selected players were investigated. Players were categorised relating to their highest representative level; State Academy selected (n = 9) and TAC Cup level players (n = 38). Data were obtained from an online training-monitoring tool implemented to collect player training and match information across a 20 - week period during the regular season. Parameters modelled included AF skills, strength, and other sport training sessions...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219104/adherence-to-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-and-associations-with-social-cognitive-development-among-australian-preschool-children
#11
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart A Vella, Steven J Howard, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: The new Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years recommend that, for preschoolers, a healthy 24-h includes: i) ≥180 min of physical activity, including ≥60 min of energetic play, ii) ≤1 h of sedentary screen time, and iii) 10-13 h of good quality sleep. Using an Australian sample, this study reports the proportion of preschool children meeting these guidelines and investigates associations with social-cognitive development. METHODS: Data from 248 preschool children (mean age = 4...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219095/compliance-with-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-associations-with-weight-status
#12
Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, João R Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status. METHODS: The sample comprised 202 toddlers (104 girls) aged 19...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219094/a-collaborative-approach-to-adopting-adapting-guidelines-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-birth-to-5-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#13
Anthony D Okely, Davina Ghersi, Kylie D Hesketh, Rute Santos, Sarah P Loughran, Dylan P Cliff, Trevor Shilton, David Grant, Rachel A Jones, Rebecca M Stanley, Julie Sherring, Trina Hinkley, Stewart G Trost, Clare McHugh, Simon Eckermann, Karen Thorpe, Karen Waters, Timothy S Olds, Tracy Mackey, Rhonda Livingstone, Hayley Christian, Harriette Carr, Adam Verrender, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Katherine L Downing, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guidelines based on adoption, adaption and/or de novo development using the GRADE evidence-to-decision framework...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219073/proportion-of-infants-meeting-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-data-from-the-melbourne-infant-program
#14
Kylie D Hesketh, Katherine L Downing, Karen Campbell, David Crawford, Jo Salmon, Jill A Hnatiuk
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the movement behaviours of infants, despite evidence that these are important for development. The release of new Australian 24-hour Movement Guidelines provides an opportunity to document the current state of movement behaviours in infants relative to these guidelines. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of 4 month old Australian infants meeting the 24-hour Movement Guidelines, individually, and in combination, and to describe associations with individual characteristics...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218967/call-for-national-dialogue-adapting-standards-of-care-in-extreme-events-we-are-not-ready
#15
Lynette Cusack, Kristine Gebbie
Clinical practices are based on a common understanding of nursing's professional standards in all aspects of patient care, no matter what the circumstances are. Circumstances can however, change dramatically due to emergencies, disasters, or pandemics and may make it difficult to meet the standard of care in the way nurses are accustomed. The Australian nursing profession has not yet facilitated a broad discussion and debate at the professional and institutional level about adapting standards of care under extreme conditions, a dialogue which goes beyond the content of basic emergency and disaster preparedness...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218963/mental-health-recovery-a-review-of-the-peer-reviewed-published-literature
#16
Sini Jacob, Ian Munro, Beverley Joan Taylor, Debra Griffiths
The concept of mental health recovery promotes collaborative partnership among consumers, carers and service providers. However views on mental health recovery are less explored among carers and service providers. The aim of this review was to analyse contemporary literature exploring views of mental health consumers, carers and service providers in relation to their understanding of the meaning of mental health recovery and factors influencing mental health recovery. The literature review questions were: How is mental health recovery and factors influencing mental health recovery viewed by consumers, carers and service providers? What are the differences and similarities in those perceptions? How can the outcomes and recommendations inform the Australian mental health practices? A review of the literature used selected electronic databases and specific search terms and supplemented with manual searching...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218958/factors-contributing-to-nursing-team-work-in-an-acute-care-tertiary-hospital
#17
Suzanne Polis, Megan Higgs, Vicki Manning, Gayle Netto, Ritin Fernandez
Background: Effective nursing teamwork is an essential component of quality health care and patient safety. Understanding which factors foster team work ensures teamwork qualities are cultivated and sustained. Objective: This study aims to investigate which factors are associated with team work in an Australian acute care tertiary hospital across all inpatient and outpatient settings. Methods: All nurses and midwives rostered to inpatient and outpatient wards in an acute care 600 bed hospital in Sydney Australia were invited to participate in a cross sectional survey between September to October 2013...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218847/potential-exposure-to-australian-bat-lyssavirus-is-unlikely-to-prevent-future-bat-handling-among-adults-in-south-east-queensland
#18
M K Young, S Banu, B J McCall, S Vlack, H Carroll, S Bennett, R Davison, D Francis
Despite ongoing public health messages about the risks associated with bat contact, the number of potential exposures to Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) due to intentional handling by members of the general public in Queensland has remained high. We sought to better understand the reasons for intentional handling among these members of the public who reported their potential exposure to inform future public health messages. We interviewed adults who resided in a defined geographic area in South East Queensland and notified potential exposure to ABLV due to intentional handling of bats by telephone between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218751/comparing-levels-of-blood-alcohol-concentration-and-indicators-of-impairment-in-nightlife-patrons
#19
Nic Droste, Peter Miller, Christine E Kaestle, Ashlee Curtis, Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Tanya Chikritzhs, Tina Lam, William Gilmore
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Breathalyser estimate of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is widely used as an objective intoxication measure, but is not always practical in nightlife contexts. This study uses in situ data collected in nightlife environments to explore how four measures of intoxication are related so as to inform the development of a more practical and reliable method of differentiating intoxication for people working in the night-time economy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Nightlife patron interviews were conducted in five Australian cities...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217721/insights-from-australians-with-respiratory-disease-living-in-the-community-with-experience-of-self-managing-through-an-emergency-department-near-miss-for-breathlessness-a-strengths-based-qualitative-study
#20
Tim Luckett, Jane Phillips, Miriam Johnson, Maja Garcia, Priyanka Bhattarai, Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman, Anne Hutchinson, Rebecca T Disler, David Currow, Meera Agar, Serra Ivynian, Richard Chye, Phillip J Newton, Patricia M Davidson
OBJECTIVES: Breathlessness 'crises' in people with chronic respiratory conditions are a common precipitant for emergency department (ED) presentations, many of which might be avoided through improved self-management and support. This study sought insights from people with experience of ED 'near misses' where they considered going to the ED but successfully self-managed instead. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used with a phenomenological orientation...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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