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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905096/a-retrospective-study-of-horner-syndrome-in-australian-wild-birds-2010-2016
#1
Andrew G Hill
Horner syndrome was identified in 25 of 30 777 avian admissions to Currumbin Wildlife Hospital during 2010-2016. Unilateral ptosis and erection of facial feathers were distinct findings on physical examination and consistent across 9 species. Affected birds were biased toward adults (64%) suffering traumatic injuries (88%). Concurrent injuries requiring treatment were present in 38% of cases, and 76% had additional neurologic deficits. Prognosis for release was poor, with an overall success rate of 32%. Resolution of clinical signs increased to 44% with higher doses of meloxicam and required an average hospitalization of 22 days (range, 3-78 days)...
June 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904977/an-inversion-supergene-in-drosophila-underpins-latitudinal-clines-in-survival-traits
#2
Esra Durmaz, Clare Benson, Martin Kapun, Paul Schmidt, Thomas Flatt
Chromosomal inversions often contribute to local adaptation across latitudinal clines, but the underlying selective mechanisms remain poorly understood. We and others have previously shown that a clinal inversion polymorphism in Drosophila melanogaster, In(3R)Payne, underpins body size clines along the North American and Australian east coasts. Here we ask whether this polymorphism also contributes to clinal variation in other fitness-related traits, namely survival traits (lifespan, survival upon starvation, and survival upon cold shock)...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904520/communication-ambassadors-an-australian-social-media-initiative-to-develop-communication-skills-in-early-career-scientists
#3
Jack T H Wang, Cheryl J Power, Charlene M Kahler, Dena Lyras, Paul R Young, Jonathan Iredell, Roy Robins-Browne
Science communication is a skill set to be developed through ongoing interactions with different stakeholders across a variety of platforms. Opportunities to engage the general public are typically reserved for senior scientists, but the use of social media in science communication allows all scientists to instantaneously disseminate their findings and interact with online users. The Communication Ambassador program is a social media initiative launched by the Australian Society for Microbiology to expand the online presence and science communication portfolios of early-career scientists...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903982/toxins-of-locus-of-enterocyte-effacement-negative-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli
#4
REVIEW
Maike Krause, Holger Barth, Herbert Schmidt
Studies on Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) typically examine and classify the virulence gene profiles based on genomic analyses. Among the screened strains, a subgroup of STEC which lacks the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) has frequently been identified. This raises the question about the level of pathogenicity of such strains. This review focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of the standard screening procedures in virulence profiling and summarizes the current knowledge concerning the function and regulation of toxins encoded by LEE-negative STEC...
June 14, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903796/should-women-aged-70-74-be-invited-to-participate-in-screening-mammography-a-report-on-two-australian-community-juries
#5
Chris Degeling, Alexandra Barratt, Sanchia Aranda, Robin Bell, Jenny Doust, Nehmat Houssami, Jolyn Hersch, Ruben Sakowsky, Vikki Entwistle, Stacy M Carter
OBJECTIVE: To elicit informed views from Australian women aged 70-74 regarding the acceptability of ceasing to invite women their age to participate in government-funded mammography screening (BreastScreen). DESIGN: Two community juries held in 2017. SETTING: Greater Sydney, a metropolis of 4.5 million people in New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 34 women aged 70-74 with no personal history of breast cancer, recruited by random digit dialling and previously randomly recruited list-based samples...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903704/content-quality-and-assessment-tools-of-physician-rating-websites-in-12-countries-quantitative-analysis
#6
Fabia Rothenfluh, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Websites on which users can rate their physician are becoming increasingly popular, but little is known about the website quality, the information content, and the tools they offer users to assess physicians. This study assesses these aspects on physician-rating websites in German- and English-speaking countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to collect information on websites with a physician rating or review tool in 12 countries in terms of metadata, website quality (transparency, privacy and freedom of speech of physicians and patients, check mechanisms for appropriateness and accuracy of reviews, and ease of page navigation), professional information about the physician, rating scales and tools, as well as traffic rank...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903653/development-of-a-questionnaire-to-measure-consumers-perceptions-of-service-quality-in-australian-community-pharmacies
#7
Ardalan Mirzaei, Stephen R Carter, Jenny Yimin Chen, Claudia Rittsteuer, Carl R Schneider
BACKGROUND: Recent changes within community pharmacy have seen a shift towards some pharmacies providing "value-added" services. However, providing high levels of service is resource intensive yet revenues from dispensing are declining. Of significance therefore, is how consumers perceive service quality (SQ). However, at present there are no validated and reliable instruments to measure consumers' perceptions of SQ in Australian community pharmacies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to build a theory-grounded model of service quality (SQ) in community pharmacies and to create a valid survey instrument to measure consumers' perceptions of service quality...
June 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903595/the-likelihood-of-general-practitioners-referring-patients-to-physiotherapists-is-low-for-some-health-problems-secondary-analysis-of-the-bettering-the-evaluation-and-care-of-health-beach-observational-study
#8
Sarah Dennis, Ian Watts, Ying Pan, Helena Britt
QUESTIONS: Which health problems do medical general practitioners (GPs) most commonly refer to physiotherapists? What is the likelihood of GPs referring patients for specific health problems? DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (BEACH) study, which is a national observational study of Australian general practice clinical activity. PARTICIPANTS: People at GP encounters between April 2010 and March 2015...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903017/context-matters-for-primary-health-care-access-a-multi-method-comparative-study-of-contextual-influences-on-health-service-access-arrangements-across-models-of-primary-health-care
#9
Bernadette Ward, Riki Lane, Julie McDonald, Gawaine Powell-Davies, Jeff Fuller, Sarah Dennis, Rachael Kearns, Grant Russell
BACKGROUND: Equitable access to primary health care (PHC) is an important component of integrated chronic disease management. Whilst context is known to influence access to PHC, it is poorly researched. The aim of this study was to determine the contextual influences associated with access arrangements in four Australian models of integrated PHC. METHODS: A multi-method comparative case study design. Purposive sampling identified four models of PHC across six sites in two Australian states...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902964/australian-standards-of-care-and-treatment-guidelines-for-transgender-and-gender-diverse-children-and-adolescents
#10
Michelle M Telfer, Michelle A Tollit, Carmen C Pace, Ken C Pang
The Australian standards of care and treatment guidelines aim to maximise quality care provision to transgender and gender diverse (TGD) children and adolescents across Australia, while recognising the unique circumstances of providing such care to this population. Recommendations are made based on available empirical evidence and clinician consensus, and have been developed in consultation with Australian professionals from multiple disciplines working with the TGD population, TGD support organisations, as well as TGD children and adolescents and their families...
June 18, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902697/promoting-young-children-s-interpersonal-safety-knowledge-intentions-confidence-and-protective-behavior-skills-outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Codi White, Dianne C Shanley, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Kerryann Walsh, Russell Hawkins, Katrina Lines, Haley Webb
Promoting young children's interpersonal safety knowledge, intentions confidence and skills is the goal of many child maltreatment prevention programs; however, evaluation of their effectiveness has been limited. In this study, a randomized controlled trial was conducted examining the effectiveness of the Australian protective behaviors program, Learn to be safe with Emmy and friends™ compared to a waitlist condition. In total, 611 Australian children in Grade 1 (5-7 years; 50% male) participated, with assessments at Pre-intervention, Post-intervention and a 6-month follow-up...
June 11, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902410/foreign-tick-smuggling-rickettsia-evades-australian-border-control
#12
Sadid F Khan, Mythili Tadepalli, John Stenos, Stephen R Graves, Tony M Korman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902396/a-nurse-led-model-at-public-academic-hospitals-maintains-high-adherence-to-colorectal-cancer-surveillance-guidelines
#13
Erin L Symonds, Kalindra Simpson, Michelle Coats, Angela Chaplin, Karen Saxty, Jayne Sandford, Graeme P Young Am, Charles Cock, Robert Fraser, Peter A Bampton
OBJECTIVE: To examine the compliance of colorectal cancer surveillance decisions for individuals at greater risk with current evidence-based guidelines and to determine whether compliance differs between surveillance models. DESIGN: Prospective auditing of compliance of surveillance decisions with evidence-based guidelines (NHMRC) in two decision-making models: nurse coordinator-led decision making in public academic hospitals and physician-led decision making in private non-academic hospitals...
June 18, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902184/factors-associated-with-uptake-of-influenza-and-pertussis-vaccines-among-pregnant-women-in-south-australia
#14
Hassen Mohammed, Michelle Clarke, Ann Koehler, Maureen Watson, Helen Marshall
BACKGROUND: Maternal immunization is an effective strategy to protect pregnant women and their infants from vaccine-preventable diseases. Despite the recommendation of maternal influenza and more recently pertussis immunization in Australia, uptake of these vaccines has been suboptimal. A midwife delivered immunization program for pregnant women at the Women's and Children's Hospital in South Australia commenced in April 2015. Monitoring the uptake of the current funded vaccine programs for pregnant women is limited...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901415/early-treatment-of-primary-hiv-infection-is-associated-with-decreased-mortality
#15
Angie Pinto, Patricia Grey, Ansari Shaik, David A Cooper, Anthony D Kelleher, Kathy Petoumenos
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to understand factors associated with increased mortality in a cohort of primary HIV infection (PHI) in New South Wales over three decades. METHODS: 602 patients with PHI were enrolled from 1984 to 2009. Probabilistic data linkage was performed to NSW Registry of births deaths and marriages, and Australian Bureau of Statistics mortality database. Mortality was measured by crude death rate. Pre highly active antiretroviral therapy (pre-HAART) era was defined as prior to 1 January 1997...
June 14, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901240/a-sociological-approach-to-resilience-in-health-and-illness
#16
Christine Walker, Chris L Peterson
Work on resilience in health and illness has been approached from a number of perspectives. These are the biological and psychosocial with a focus on the individual's responses to cope and adapt to changing circumstances wrought by changing physical health states. This we argue has a place but is far too narrow emphasizing the neoliberal view that the sick or imperfect individual is ultimately responsible for their own health outcomes. In this perspective, the individual's failure to cope or adapt may be seen as a personal failure to interact with the health system on offer...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900665/end-of-life-care-of-oncology-inpatients-are-we-getting-it-right
#17
Monique Batten, Bella Nguyen, Brandon Burke, Hilman Harryanto, Imogen Mitchell, Alison Davis
AIM: To examine the current patterns of end-of-life care of medical oncology patients dying in an Australian tertiary acute hospital setting in order to determine potential areas for improvement. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was undertaken of 295 consecutive adult medical oncology inpatients dying between 2010 and 2015. Charts were reviewed for evidence of (1) resuscitation plans, (2) acute interventions in the 48-h period prior to death, (3) palliative care involvement and (4) recognition of the dying patient and comfort care plans...
June 13, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900540/contemporary-prenatal-aneuploidy-screening-practice-in-australia-frequently-asked-questions-in-the-cell-free-dna-era
#18
REVIEW
Wawrzyniec Rieder, Scott White, George McGillivray, Lisa Hui
Cell-free DNA screening has quickly become established in Australia as an accurate - albeit costly - prenatal screening test for trisomy 21, 18 and 13. It is also commonly used for the detection of sex chromosome abnormalities. The increasing number of prenatal screening pathways available to women has increased the complexity of pretest counselling. Concurrent advances in diagnostic testing with the widespread use of chromosomal microarrays create further challenges for the continuing education of clinicians and health consumers...
June 13, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900538/role-of-serum-biomarkers-to-optimise-a-validated-clinical-risk-prediction-tool-for-gestational-diabetes
#19
Sally K Abell, Soulmaz Shorakae, Jacqueline A Boyle, Barbora De Courten, Nigel K Stepto, Helena J Teede, Cheryce L Harrison
BACKGROUND: Clinical risk prediction tools for gestational diabetes (GDM) may be enhanced by measuring biomarkers in early pregnancy. AIM: To evaluate a two-step GDM risk prediction tool incorporating fasting glucose (FG) and serum biomarkers in early pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin, omentin-1 and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured at 12-15 weeks gestation in women with high risk of GDM from a randomised trial using a clinical risk prediction tool...
June 14, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900317/karyomaps-of-cultured-and-cryobanked-litoria-infrafrenata-frog-and-tadpole-cells
#20
Richard Mollard
These data and analyses support the research article "Culture, cryobanking and passaging of karyotypically validated native Australian amphibian cells" Mollard (2018) [1]. The data and analyses presented here include: (1) three additional karyomaps of cells from the cryobanked and passaged frog and tadpole species Litoria infrafrenata ; and (2) combined short-to-long arm ratios of the four karyomaps measured from each respective animal here and in Ref [1].
June 2018: Data in Brief
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