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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821018/a-cross-language-study-of-acoustic-predictors-of-speech-intelligibility-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Yunjung Kim, Yaelin Choi
Purpose: The present study aimed to compare acoustic models of speech intelligibility in individuals with the same disease (Parkinson's disease [PD]) and presumably similar underlying neuropathologies but with different native languages (American English [AE] and Korean). Method: A total of 48 speakers from the 4 speaker groups (AE speakers with PD, Korean speakers with PD, healthy English speakers, and healthy Korean speakers) were asked to read a paragraph in their native languages...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818006/the-role-of-the-bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-in-recovery-of-aphasia-after-stroke
#2
Riemke G A de Boer, Kerstin Spielmann, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Rick van der Vliet, Gerard M Ribbers, W Mieke E van de Sandt-Koenderman
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is assumed to play a role in mediating neuroplasticity after stroke. Carriers of the function-limiting Val66Met (rs6265) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) may have a downregulation in BDNF secretion, which may lead to a poorer prognosis after stroke compared to noncarriers in motor learning and motor function recovery. The present study investigates whether this polymorphism may also affect the recovery of poststroke aphasia (ie, language impairment)...
August 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817473/scaffolding-interprofessional-education-unfolding-case-studies-virtual-world-simulations-and-patient-centered-care
#3
Sharon Strang Zook, Linda J Hulton, Carol C Dudding, Anne L Stewart, Amy C Graham
Fragmentation of health care negatively impacts quality; one of the contributing factors may be ineffective collaboration among health care professionals. This article describes the implementation of an interprofessional education curriculum for graduate students enrolled in nursing, psychology, and speech-language pathology programs. Over 3 semesters, students engaged in interprofessional collaboration modules, unfolding case studies, virtual simulation, and shared case planning experiences. The curriculum's impact on students' attitudes and values toward interprofessional collaborative practice was measured...
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816916/developmental-screening-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-disease-related-risk-and-screening-outcomes-in-4-year-olds
#4
Jeffrey Schatz, Alyssa Schlenz, Laura Reinman, Kelsey Smith, Carla W Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Studies of early child development in sickle cell disease (SCD) have found modest associations between disease-related risks and developmental status in infants and toddlers, but such associations are evident by early elementary school. We screened 4-year-old children with SCD using 2 screening strategies to assess if biomedical risk factors for neurologic disease are related to developmental screening outcomes at this intermediate age. METHODS: Seventy-seven 4-year-old children with SCD (M = 4...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816080/an-australian-survey-of-parent-involvement-in-intervention-for-childhood-speech-sound-disorders
#5
Eleanor Sugden, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, A Lynn Williams, Carol M Trivette
PURPOSE: To investigate how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) report involving parents in intervention for phonology-based speech sound disorders (SSDs), and to describe the home practice that they recommend. Further aims were to describe the training SLPs report providing to parents, to explore SLPs' beliefs and motivations for involving parents in intervention, and to determine whether SLPs' characteristics are associated with their self-reported practice. METHOD: An online survey of 288 SLPs working with SSD in Australia was conducted...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815583/educational-and-rehabilitation-service-utilization-in-adolescents-born-preterm-or-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-and-at-high-risk-for-disability
#6
Annette Majnemer, Noemi Dahan-Oliel, Charles Rohlicek, Sean Hatzigeorgiou, Barbara Mazer, Desiree B Maltais, Norbert Schmitz
AIM: This historical cohort study describes the use of educational and rehabilitation services in adolescents born preterm or with a congenital heart defect (CHD). METHOD: Parents of 76 young people (mean age 15y 8mo [SD 1y 8mo]) with CHD and 125 born ≤29 weeks gestational age (mean age 16y [SD 2y 5mo]) completed a demographics questionnaire including educational and rehabilitation resource utilization within the previous 6 months. Rehabilitation services included occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, psychology...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815261/author-impact-metrics-in-communication-sciences-and-disorder-research
#7
Andrew Stuart, Sarah P Faucette, William Joseph Thomas
Purpose: The purpose was to examine author-level impact metrics for faculty in the communication sciences and disorder research field across a variety of databases. Method: Author-level impact metrics were collected for faculty from 257 accredited universities in the United States and Canada. Three databases (i.e., Google Scholar, ResearchGate, and Scopus) were utilized. Results: Faculty expertise was in audiology (24.4%; n = 490) and speech-language pathology (75...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814995/the-efficacy-of-telehealth-delivered-speech-and-language-intervention-for-primary-school-age-children-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Danielle Wales, Leisa Skinner, Melanie Hayman
The purpose of this article is to determine if telehealth-delivered speech-language pathology interventions are as effective as traditional in-person delivery for primary school-age children with speech and/or language difficulties. A systematic review was conducted (in accordance with PRISMA guidelines) using five databases, two journals and reference lists. Titles and abstracts were screened for inclusion, with relevant studies reviewed in full-text. Initial searches identified 132 articles. Following exclusion of non-relevant studies, seven articles remained for inclusion...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813817/the-effects-of-silent-visuomotor-cueing-on-word-retrieval-in-broca-s-aphasies-a-pilot-study
#9
Klaudia Grechuta, Belen Rubio Bellaster, Rosa Espin Munne, Teresa Usabiaga Bernal, Begona Molina Hervas, Rosa San Segundo, Paul F M J Verschure
About a quarter of stroke patients worldwide suffer serious language disorders such as aphasias. Most common symptoms of Broca's aphasia are word naming disorders which highly impact verbal communication and the quality of life of aphasic patients. In order to recover disturbances in word retrieval, several cueing methods (i.e. phonemic and semantic) have been established to improve lexical access establishing effective language rehabilitation techniques. Based on recent evidence from action-perception theories, which postulate that neural circuits for speech perception and articulation are tightly coupled, in the present work, we propose and investigate an alternative type of cueing using silent articulation-related visual stimuli...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810906/atypical-presentation-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-two-case-reports
#10
Maria Cristina Maggio, Greta Mastrangelo, Aldo Skabar, Alessandro Ventura, Marco Carrozzi, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Vanadia, Giovanni Corsello, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by severe neurological and psychiatric symptoms and a difficult diagnosis. The disease is often secondary to a neoplastic lesion, seldom diagnosed years later. Psychiatric symptoms are prevalent in adults; neurologic symptoms are more evident in children, who typically present primarily with neurological symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, the association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis has not been described...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809019/lentiviral-mediated-transgenesis-in-songbirds
#11
Wan-Chun Liu, Marian Hruska-Plochan, Atsushi Miyanohara
Transgenesis involves the insertion of an exogenous gene into an animal's genome, which allows the identification of the expressed phenotypes in brain function or behavior. Lentiviral-mediated transgenesis offers unique transduction potency making it possible to deliver and stably integrate transgenes into a wide variety of dividing and nondividing cells. The ability to establish long-term expression of such transgenes allows their use for transgenesis which is especially useful in organisms lacking quality pluripotent stem cell lines and which is otherwise difficult to produce via traditional pronuclear microinjection, such as songbirds...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808014/adaptive-benefit-of-cross-modal-plasticity-following-cochlear-implantation-in-deaf-adults
#12
Carly A Anderson, Ian M Wiggins, Pádraig T Kitterick, Douglas E H Hartley
It has been suggested that visual language is maladaptive for hearing restoration with a cochlear implant (CI) due to cross-modal recruitment of auditory brain regions. Rehabilitative guidelines therefore discourage the use of visual language. However, neuroscientific understanding of cross-modal plasticity following cochlear implantation has been restricted due to incompatibility between established neuroimaging techniques and the surgically implanted electronic and magnetic components of the CI. As a solution to this problem, here we used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), a noninvasive optical neuroimaging method that is fully compatible with a CI and safe for repeated testing...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806193/speech-perception-in-noise-and-listening-effort-of-older-adults-with-nonlinear-frequency-compression-hearing-aids
#13
James Shehorn, Nicole Marrone, Thomas Muller
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this laboratory-based study was to compare the efficacy of two hearing aid fittings with and without nonlinear frequency compression, implemented within commercially available hearing aids. Previous research regarding the utility of nonlinear frequency compression has revealed conflicting results for speech recognition, marked by high individual variability. Individual differences in auditory function and cognitive abilities, specifically hearing loss slope and working memory, may contribute to aided performance...
August 10, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805159/factors-associated-with-vocal-fry-among-college-students
#14
Lady Catherine Cantor-Cutiva, Pasquale Bottalico, Eric Hunter
PURPOSE: Vocal fry is increasingly used in everyday speech. The purpose of this study was to identify associated factors of vocal fry among young US college-age students. METHODS: Forty college students participated in a cross-sectional study. Participants produced speech under nine different room acoustic conditions (simulated). The recorded speech was perceptually evaluated by three speech-language pathologists. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables (individual, environmental) associated with the perceptual assessment of vocal fry...
August 14, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803872/parallel-trajectories-of-genetic-and-linguistic-admixture-in-a-genetically-admixed-creole-population
#15
Paul Verdu, Ethan M Jewett, Trevor J Pemberton, Noah A Rosenberg, Marlyse Baptista
Joint analyses of genes and languages, both of which are transmitted in populations by descent with modification-genes vertically by Mendel's laws, language via combinations of vertical, oblique, and horizontal processes [1-4]-provide an informative approach for human evolutionary studies [5-10]. Although gene-language analyses have employed extensive data on individual genetic variation [11-23], their linguistic data have not considered corresponding long-recognized [24] variability in individual speech patterns, or idiolects...
August 8, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803212/data-driven-classification-of-patients-with-primary-progressive-aphasia
#16
Paul Hoffman, Seyed Ahmad Sajjadi, Karalyn Patterson, Peter J Nestor
Current diagnostic criteria classify primary progressive aphasia into three variants-semantic (sv), nonfluent (nfv) and logopenic (lv) PPA-though the adequacy of this scheme is debated. This study took a data-driven approach, applying k-means clustering to data from 43 PPA patients. The algorithm grouped patients based on similarities in language, semantic and non-linguistic cognitive scores. The optimum solution consisted of three groups. One group, almost exclusively those diagnosed as svPPA, displayed a selective semantic impairment...
August 10, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802853/diversity-not-quantity-in-caregiver-speech-using-computational-modeling-to-isolate-the-effects-of-the-quantity-and-the-diversity-of-the-input-on-vocabulary-growth
#17
Gary Jones, Caroline F Rowland
Children who hear large amounts of diverse speech learn language more quickly than children who do not. However, high correlations between the amount and the diversity of the input in speech samples makes it difficult to isolate the influence of each. We overcame this problem by controlling the input to a computational model so that amount of exposure to linguistic input (quantity) and the quality of that input (lexical diversity) were independently manipulated. Sublexical, lexical, and multi-word knowledge were charted across development (Study 1), showing that while input quantity may be important early in learning, lexical diversity is ultimately more crucial, a prediction confirmed against children's data (Study 2)...
August 10, 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802788/auditory-perceptual-evaluation-of-dysphonia-a-comparison-between-narrow-and-broad-terminology-systems
#18
Jenny Iwarsson, Anne Bingen-Jakobsen, Ditte Søbæk Johansen, Inge Ernst Kølle, Solveig Gunvor Pedersen, Stine Løvind Thorsen, Niels Reinholt Petersen
OBJECTIVE: In auditory-perceptual voice analysis, a multiparameter approach and a more reductionist approach may be compared with narrow and broad phonetic transcription and used interchangeably, depending on the purpose. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of a translation of the terminology used in the multiparameter Danish Dysphonia Assessment (DDA) approach into the five-parameter GRBAS system. METHODS: Voice samples illustrating type and grade of the voice qualities included in DDA were rated by five speech language pathologists using the GRBAS system with the aim of estimating inter- and intrarater reliability...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802387/sleep-quality-and-communication-aspects-in-children
#19
Camila de Castro Corrêa, Maria Renata José, Eduardo Carvalho Andrade, Mariza Ribeiro Feniman, Ana Paula Fukushiro, Giédre Berretin-Felix, Luciana Paula Maximino
OBJECTIVES: To correlate quality of life of children in terms of sleep, with their oral language skills, auditory processing and orofacial myofunctional aspects. METHODS: Nineteen children (12 males and seven females, in the mean age 9.26) undergoing otorhinolaryngological and speech evaluations participated in this study. The OSA-18 questionnaire was applied, followed by verbal and nonverbal sequential memory tests, dichotic digit test, nonverbal dichotic test and Sustained Auditory Attention Ability Test, related to auditory processing...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802372/phonological-awareness-in-german-speaking-preschool-children-with-cochlear-implants-3-case-examples
#20
Bianka Wachtlin, Yvonne Turinsky, Frank Herrmann, Blanca Schaefer
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore PA skills German-speaking preschool children with cochlea implants (CIs) and how these skills may be related to their speech and language skills. METHODS: Three monolingual German-speaking pre-school children aged 5;04-6;01 with bilateral CIs were tested. Their cognitive, speech and language skills were assessed. Six subtests of a standardized PA test battery were administered (i.e. rhyme identification, rhyme production; phoneme identification- input and -output; phoneme blending-input and -output)...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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