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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346641/speech-perception-and-auditory-performance-following-cochlear-implantation-in-elderly-koreans
#1
Sungsu Lee, Hyong-Joo Park, Hyong-Ho Cho, Yong-Beom Cho
The benefits of cochlear implantation (CI) in the elderly remain debatable in terms of sound and speech perception. Moreover, the results of CI may be affected by the intensity and pitch of spoken language. We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate surgical and hospitalization times, postoperative complications, and hearing outcomes after CI in elderly Koreans. Our study population was made up of 55 postlingually deafened adults who underwent unilateral CI. They were divided into two groups based on age; an older group consisted of 21 patients aged 65 years or older (mean 71...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346518/what-do-people-with-aphasia-want-to-be-able-to-say-a-content-analysis-of-words-identified-as-personally-relevant-by-people-with-aphasia
#2
Rebecca Palmer, Helen Hughes, Tim Chater
BACKGROUND: Word finding is a common difficulty for people with aphasia. Targeting words that are relevant to the individual could maximise the usefulness and impact of word finding therapy. AIMS: To provide insights into words that people with aphasia perceive to be personally relevant. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 100 people with aphasia were each asked to identify 100 words that would be particularly important for them to be able to say. Two speech and language therapist researchers conducted a quantitative content analysis of the words selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346292/bilateral-labyrinthine-and-internal-auditory-canal-enhancement-in-an-infant-with-severe-labyrinthine-dysplasia-a-previously-unreported-phenomenon
#3
Charles L Anzalone, Mai Lan Ho, Neil S Patel, Lisa A Schimmenti, Melissa D DeJong, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel case of congenital profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in a patient with bilateral nodular internal auditory canal and labyrinthine enhancement and temporal bone dysplasia. PATIENTS: A 76-day-old female was referred to the authors' center for evaluation of congenital deafness. Behavioral observations and objective audiometric evaluation demonstrated bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss and a comprehensive multidisciplinary evaluation identified compound heterozygous pathogenic variants in MYO7A, a gene associated with Usher Syndrome Type 1B or DFNB2...
March 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343805/the-reported-incidence-and-nature-of-voice-disorders-in-the-private-healthcare-context-of-gauteng
#4
Kayla Fourie, Maeve Richardson, Jeannie van der Linde, Shabnam Abdoola, Renata Mosca
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the incidence and nature of voice disorders, as reported by ear, nose, and throat specialists (ENTs), in the Gauteng private healthcare context. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: The respondents had to be certified ENTs working in the private healthcare context in Gauteng. The survey was sent out electronically to all 94 ENTs, registered with the ENT Society, working in the private healthcare context; thus, no additional requirements had to be met...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339140/acquisition-of-voice-onset-time-in-toddlers-at-high-and-low-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Karen Chenausky, Helen Tager-Flusberg
Although language delay is common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research is equivocal on whether speech development is affected. We used acoustic methods to investigate the existence of sub-perceptual differences in the speech of toddlers who developed ASD. Development of the distinction between b and p was prospectively tracked in 22 toddlers at low risk for ASD (LRC), 22 at high risk for ASD without ASD (HRA-), and 11 at high risk for ASD who were diagnosed with ASD at 36 months (HRA+). Voice onset time (VOT), the main acoustic difference between b and p, was measured from spontaneously produced words at 18, 24, and 36 months...
March 24, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338496/infants-and-adults-use-of-temporal-cues-in-consonant-discrimination
#6
Laurianne Cabrera, Lynne Werner
OBJECTIVES: Adults can use slow temporal envelope cues, or amplitude modulation (AM), to identify speech sounds in quiet. Faster AM cues and the temporal fine structure, or frequency modulation (FM), play a more important role in noise. This study assessed whether fast and slow temporal modulation cues play a similar role in infants' speech perception by comparing the ability of normal-hearing 3-month-olds and adults to use slow temporal envelope cues in discriminating consonants contrasts...
March 23, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337694/the-posterior-fossa-and-foreign-accent-syndrome-report-of-two-new-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Stefanie Keulen, Peter Mariën, Kim van Dun, Roelien Bastiaanse, Mario Manto, Jo Verhoeven
Foreign accent syndrome is a rare motor speech disorder that causes patients to speak their language with a non-native accent. In the neurogenic condition, the disorder develops after lesions in the language dominant hemisphere, often affecting Broca's area, the insula, the supplementary motor area and the primary motor cortex. Here, we present two new cases of FAS after posterior fossa lesions. The first case is a 44-year-old, right-handed, Dutch-speaking man who suffered motor speech disturbances and a left hemiplegia after a pontine infarction...
March 23, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337648/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood
#8
REVIEW
Melanie Masoud, Lyndsey Prange, Jeffrey Wuchich, Arsen Hunanyan, Mohamad A Mikati
The diagnosis and treatment of patients with Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) and related disorders should be provided by a multidisciplinary team experienced with the spectrum of presentations of this disease, with its related disorders, with its complex and fluctuating manifestations, and with cutting edge advances occurring in the field. Involvement in research to advance the understanding of this disease and partnership with international collaborators and family organizations are also important...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337157/pitch-perception-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-comparison-of-lexical-tones-and-musical-pitch
#9
Ao Chen, Catherine J Stevens, René Kager
Pitch variation is pervasive in speech, regardless of the language to which infants are exposed. Lexical tone is influenced by general sensitivity to pitch. We examined whether the development in lexical tone perception may develop in parallel with perception of pitch in other cognitive domains namely music. Using a visual fixation paradigm, 100 and one 4- and 12-month-old Dutch infants were tested on their discrimination of Chinese rising and dipping lexical tones as well as comparable three-note musical pitch contours...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335558/modeling-the-development-of-audiovisual-cue-integration-in-speech-perception
#10
Laura M Getz, Elke R Nordeen, Sarah C Vrabic, Joseph C Toscano
Adult speech perception is generally enhanced when information is provided from multiple modalities. In contrast, infants do not appear to benefit from combining auditory and visual speech information early in development. This is true despite the fact that both modalities are important to speech comprehension even at early stages of language acquisition. How then do listeners learn how to process auditory and visual information as part of a unified signal? In the auditory domain, statistical learning processes provide an excellent mechanism for acquiring phonological categories...
March 21, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334963/three-and-four-dimensional-mapping-of-speech-and-language-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#11
Yasuo Nakai, Jeong-Won Jeong, Erik C Brown, Robert Rothermel, Katsuaki Kojima, Toshimune Kambara, Aashit Shah, Sandeep Mittal, Sandeep Sood, Eishi Asano
We have provided 3-D and 4D mapping of speech and language function based upon the results of direct cortical stimulation and event-related modulation of electrocorticography signals. Patients estimated to have right-hemispheric language dominance were excluded. Thus, 100 patients who underwent two-stage epilepsy surgery with chronic electrocorticography recording were studied. An older group consisted of 84 patients at least 10 years of age (7367 artefact-free non-epileptic electrodes), whereas a younger group included 16 children younger than age 10 (1438 electrodes)...
March 16, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334187/individual-differences-in-human-auditory-processing-insights-from-single-trial-auditory-midbrain-activity-in-an-animal-model
#12
Travis White-Schwoch, Trent Nicol, Catherine M Warrier, Daniel A Abrams, Nina Kraus
Auditory-evoked potentials are classically defined as the summations of synchronous firing along the auditory neuraxis. Converging evidence supports a model whereby timing jitter in neural coding compromises listening and causes variable scalp-recorded potentials. Yet the intrinsic noise of human scalp recordings precludes a full understanding of the biological origins of individual differences in listening skills. To delineate the mechanisms contributing to these phenomena, in vivo extracellular activity was recorded from inferior colliculus in guinea pigs to speech in quiet and noise...
October 5, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332040/edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-italian-version-regression-based-norms-and-equivalent-scores
#13
Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Francesca Trojsi, Roberta Greco, Manuela Santoro, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Mariarosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
Cognitive assessment for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) can be difficult because of frequent occurrence of difficulties with speech, writing, and drawing. The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a recent multi-domain neuropsychological screening tool specifically devised for this purpose, and it assesses the following domains: executive functions, social cognition, verbal fluency and language (ALS-specific), but also memory and visuospatial abilities (Non-ALS specific)...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330464/spectral-temporal-eeg-dynamics-of-speech-discrimination-processing-in-infants-during-sleep
#14
Phillip M Gilley, Kristin Uhler, Kaylee Watson, Christine Yoshinaga-Itano
BACKGROUND: Oddball paradigms are frequently used to study auditory discrimination by comparing event-related potential (ERP) responses from a standard, high probability sound and to a deviant, low probability sound. Previous research has established that such paradigms, such as the mismatch response or mismatch negativity, are useful for examining auditory processes in young children and infants across various sleep and attention states. The extent to which oddball ERP responses may reflect subtle discrimination effects, such as speech discrimination, is largely unknown, especially in infants that have not yet acquired speech and language...
March 22, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326991/the-effects-of-language-experience-and-speech-context-on-the-phonetic-accommodation-of-english-accented-spanish-voicing
#15
Fernando Llanos, Alexander L Francis
Native speakers of Spanish with different amounts of experience with English classified stop-consonant voicing (/b/ versus /p/) across different speech accents: English-accented Spanish, native Spanish, and native English. While listeners with little experience with English classified target voicing with an English- or Spanish-like voice onset time (VOT) boundary, predicted by contextual VOT, listeners familiar with English relied on an English-like VOT boundary in an English-accented Spanish context even in the absence of clear contextual cues to English VOT...
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326987/language-and-speech-call-for-editors
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326986/the-role-of-predictability-in-intonational-variability
#17
Rory Turnbull
Predictability is known to affect many properties of speech production. In particular, it has been observed that highly predictable elements (words, syllables) are produced with less phonetic prominence (shorter duration, less peripheral vowels) than less predictable elements. This tendency has been proposed to be a general property of language. This paper examines whether predictability is correlated with fundamental frequency (F0) production, through analysis of experimental corpora of American English. Predictability was variously defined as discourse mention, utterance probability, and semantic focus...
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326896/investigating-the-effect-of-regional-native-accents-on-sentence-comprehension-in-children-with-language-impairment
#18
Pauline Frizelle, Jennifer Harte, Paul Fletcher, Fiona Gibbon
PURPOSE: Research has shown that accent variation can affect typically developing (TD) children's understanding of language, as well as that of children with speech difficulties, neuro-typical adults and those with aphasia and dementia. This study aims to investigate the effect of regional native accents on sentence comprehension in children with language impairment (LI), an area not previously explored. METHOD: Forty-three children with LI (mean age 6.04) and forty-five younger TD children (mean age 4...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324903/instrumental-assessment-of-pediatric-dysphagia
#19
Joan C Arvedson, Maureen A Lefton-Greif
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have fulfilled primary roles in the evaluation and management of children with feeding/swallowing disorders for more than five decades. The increased incidence and prevalence of newborns, infants, and children with feeding and swallowing disorders has resulted in increased use of instrumental swallowing evaluations. The videofluoroscopic swallow study and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing are the two most commonly used swallowing assessments by SLPs, with ultrasound used less frequently...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324902/dysphagia-management-in-the-schools-past-present-and-future
#20
Cynthia R O'Donoghue, Elizabeth E Nottingham
As the number of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) responsible for swallowing and feeding services in the educational setting increases, guidance informing this specialized practice continues to emerge. Although SLPs have provided dysphagia management for children in medical settings for many years, the extension of dysphagia services to the schools is comparatively new. This shift in care delivery for what was previously a hospital-based practice is now occurring more frequently, and in an environment void of extensive medical supports (i...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
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