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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239364/non-native-speech-learning-in-older-adults
#1
Erin M Ingvalson, Casandra Nowicki, Audrey Zong, Patrick C M Wong
Though there is an extensive literature investigating the ability of younger adults to learn non-native phonology, including investigations into individual differences in younger adults' lexical tone learning, very little is known about older adults' ability to learn non-native phonology, including lexical tone. There are several reasons to suspect that older adults would use different learning mechanisms when learning lexical tone than younger adults, including poorer perception of dynamic pitch, greater reliance on working memory capacity in second language learning, and poorer category learning in older adulthood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236010/the-comprehensive-icf-core-set-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-delphi-consensus-survey-among-german-speaking-speech-and-language-therapists
#2
Matthias Engelbarts, Vanessa Schuster, Ulrich Kisser, Carla Sabariego, Marita Stier-Jarmer, Michaela Coenen, Benjamin Philipp Ernst, Sebastian Strieth, Ulrich Harréus, Sven Becker
The "Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Head and Neck Cancer" (ICF-HNC) is an application of the "International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health" (ICF), representing the characteristic spectrum of issues in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Our primary aim was to evaluate which categories of the ICF-HNC are dealt with by speech and language therapists (SLTs) in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The secondary aim was to identify outcome measures used by SLTs to measure the categories of the ICF-HNC in clinical practice...
February 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231303/greeklex-2-a-comprehensive-lexical-database-with-part-of-speech-syllabic-phonological-and-stress-information
#3
Antonios Kyparissiadis, Walter J B van Heuven, Nicola J Pitchford, Timothy Ledgeway
Databases containing lexical properties on any given orthography are crucial for psycholinguistic research. In the last ten years, a number of lexical databases have been developed for Greek. However, these lack important part-of-speech information. Furthermore, the need for alternative procedures for calculating syllabic measurements and stress information, as well as combination of several metrics to investigate linguistic properties of the Greek language are highlighted. To address these issues, we present a new extensive lexical database of Modern Greek (GreekLex 2) with part-of-speech information for each word and accurate syllabification and orthographic information predictive of stress, as well as several measurements of word similarity and phonetic information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229515/treatment-integrity-of-elaborated-semantic-feature-analysis-aphasia-therapy-delivered-in-individual-and-group-settings
#4
Vasiliki Kladouchou, Ilias Papathanasiou, Eva A Efstratiadou, Vasiliki Christaki, Katerina Hilari
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study ran within the framework of the Thales Aphasia Project that investigated the efficacy of elaborated semantic feature analysis (ESFA). We evaluated the treatment integrity (TI) of ESFA, i.e., the degree to which therapists implemented treatment as intended by the treatment protocol, in two different formats: individual and group therapy. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Based on the ESFA manual, observation of therapy videos and TI literature, we developed two ESFA integrity checklists, for individual and group therapy, and used them to rate 15 videos of therapy sessions, delivered by three speech-language therapists (SLTs)...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229511/what-explains-the-correlation-between-growth-in-vocabulary-and-grammar-new-evidence-from-latent-change-score-analyses-of-simultaneous-bilingual-development
#5
Erika Hoff, Jamie M Quinn, David Giguere
A close relationship between children's vocabulary size and the grammatical complexity of their speech is well attested but not well understood. The present study used latent change score modeling to examine the dynamic relationships between vocabulary and grammar growth within and across languages in longitudinal data from 90 simultaneous Spanish-English bilingual children who were assessed at 6-month intervals between 30 and 48 months. Slopes of vocabulary and grammar growth were strongly correlated within each language and showed moderate or nonsignificant relationships across languages...
February 22, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227053/the-effects-of-deep-network-topology-on-mortality-prediction
#6
Hao Du, Mohammad M Ghassemi, Mengling Feng, Hao Du, Mohammad M Ghassemi, Mengling Feng, Mengling Feng, Hao Du, Mohammad M Ghassemi
Deep learning has achieved remarkable results in the areas of computer vision, speech recognition, natural language processing and most recently, even playing Go. The application of deep-learning to problems in healthcare, however, has gained attention only in recent years, and it's ultimate place at the bedside remains a topic of skeptical discussion. While there is a growing academic interest in the application of Machine Learning (ML) techniques to clinical problems, many in the clinical community see little incentive to upgrade from simpler methods, such as logistic regression, to deep learning...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227046/design-and-development-of-an-aac-app-based-on-a-speech-to-symbol-technology
#7
Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo, Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo, Gianluca De Leo, Stefano Bonacina, Elena Radici
The purpose of this paper is to present the design and the development of an Augmentative and Alternative Communication app that uses a speech to symbol technology to model language, i.e. to recognize the speech and display the text or the graphic content related to it. Our app is intended to be adopted by communication partners who want to engage in interventions focused on improving communication skills. Our app has the goal of translating simple speech sentences in a set of symbols that are understandable by children with complex communication needs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226908/s2ni-a-mobile-platform-for-nutrition-monitoring-from-spoken-data
#8
Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Cody A Reynolds, Naomi Chaytor, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Drew T Miller
Diet and physical activity are important lifestyle and behavioral factors in self-management and prevention of many chronic diseases. Mobile sensors such as accelerometers have been used in the past to objectively measure physical activity or detect eating time. Diet monitoring, however, still relies on self-recorded data by end users where individuals use mobile devices for recording nutrition intake by either entering text or taking images. Such approaches have shown low adherence in technology adoption and achieve only moderate accuracy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225849/effect-of-performance-time-of-the-high-pitched-blowing-vocal-exercise-in-the-voice-of-women
#9
Fabíola Santos Moreira, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama
Purpose: To analyze the results of the runtimes of one, three, five, and seven minutes of the high-pitched blowing vocal exercise in women without voice complaints and with dysphonia and vocal nodules. Methods: This is an experimental study with a consecutive and convenience sample of 60 women divided into two groups: 30 participants with dysphonia caused by vocal fold nodules (study group - SG) and 30 participants without vocal complaints (control group - CG). All participants performed the high-pitched blowing vocal exercise for one, three, five, and seven minutes...
February 16, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225070/speech-specific-categorical-perception-deficit-in-autism-an-event-related-potential-study-of-lexical-tone-processing-in-mandarin-speaking-children
#10
Xiaoyue Wang, Suiping Wang, Yuebo Fan, Dan Huang, Yang Zhang
Recent studies reveal that tonal language speakers with autism have enhanced neural sensitivity to pitch changes in nonspeech stimuli but not to lexical tone contrasts in their native language. The present ERP study investigated whether the distinct pitch processing pattern for speech and nonspeech stimuli in autism was due to a speech-specific deficit in categorical perception of lexical tones. A passive oddball paradigm was adopted to examine two groups (16 in the autism group and 15 in the control group) of Chinese children's Mismatch Responses (MMRs) to equivalent pitch deviations representing within-category and between-category differences in speech and nonspeech contexts...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224285/abnormal-effective-connectivity-in-the-brain-is-involved-in-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia
#11
Baojuan Li, Long-Biao Cui, Yi-Bin Xi, Karl J Friston, Fan Guo, Hua-Ning Wang, Lin-Chuan Zhang, Yuan-Han Bai, Qing-Rong Tan, Hong Yin, Hongbing Lu
Information flow among auditory and language processing-related regions implicated in the pathophysiology of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in schizophrenia (SZ) remains unclear. In this study, we used stochastic dynamic causal modeling (sDCM) to quantify connections among the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (inner speech monitoring), auditory cortex (auditory processing), hippocampus (memory retrieval), thalamus (information filtering), and Broca's area (language production) in 17 first-episode drug-naïve SZ patients with AVHs, 15 without AVHs, and 19 healthy controls using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 21, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224131/tashkeela-novel-corpus-of-arabic-vocalized-texts-data-for-auto-diacritization-systems
#12
Taha Zerrouki, Amar Balla
Arabic diacritics are often missed in Arabic scripts. This feature is a handicap for new learner to read َArabic, text to speech conversion systems, reading and semantic analysis of Arabic texts. The automatic diacritization systems are the best solution to handle this issue. But such automation needs resources as diactritized texts to train and evaluate such systems. In this paper, we describe our corpus of Arabic diacritized texts. This corpus is called Tashkeela. It can be used as a linguistic resource tool for natural language processing such as automatic diacritics systems, dis-ambiguity mechanism, features and data extraction...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222570/communication-vulnerable-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#13
Lavoisier Leite Neto, Ana Carolina Constantini, Regina Yu Shon Chun
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) exhibits speech disorders since the early stages that decrease the communication rate and interfere in social participation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on communication vulnerable and Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. METHOD: Descriptors of the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) were used: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Health Vulnerability, Communication Barriers, Nonverbal Communication, and Communication Aids for Disabled...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222332/acquisition-of-vowel-articulation-in-childhood-investigated-by-acoustic-to-articulatory-inversion
#14
Hiroki Oohashi, Hama Watanabe, Gentaro Taga
While the acoustical features of speech sounds in children have been extensively studied, limited information is available as to their articulation during speech production. Instead of directly measuring articulatory movements, this study used an acoustic-to-articulatory inversion model with scalable vocal tract size to estimate developmental changes in articulatory state during vowel production. Using a pseudo-inverse Jacobian matrix of a model mapping seven articulatory parameters to acoustic ones, the formant frequencies of each vowel produced by three Japanese children over time at ages between 6 and 60 months were transformed into articulatory parameters...
February 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220063/vibrotactile-discrimination-training-affects-brain-connectivity-in-profoundly-deaf-individuals
#15
Andrés A González-Garrido, Vanessa D Ruiz-Stovel, Fabiola R Gómez-Velázquez, Hugo Vélez-Pérez, Rebeca Romo-Vázquez, Ricardo A Salido-Ruiz, Aurora Espinoza-Valdez, Luis R Campos
Early auditory deprivation has serious neurodevelopmental and cognitive repercussions largely derived from impoverished and delayed language acquisition. These conditions may be associated with early changes in brain connectivity. Vibrotactile stimulation is a sensory substitution method that allows perception and discrimination of sound, and even speech. To clarify the efficacy of this approach, a vibrotactile oddball task with 700 and 900 Hz pure-tones as stimuli [counterbalanced as target (T: 20% of the total) and non-target (NT: 80%)] with simultaneous EEG recording was performed by 14 profoundly deaf and 14 normal-hearing (NH) subjects, before and after a short training period (five 1-h sessions; in 2...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219081/current-methods-of-evaluating-speech-language-outcomes-for-preschoolers-with-communication-disorders-a-scoping-review-using-the-icf-cy
#16
Barbara Jane Cunningham, Karla N Washington, Amanda Binns, Katelyn Rolfe, Bernadette Robertson, Peter Rosenbaum
Purpose: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify current measures used to evaluate speech-language outcomes for preschoolers with communication disorders within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY; World Health Organization, 2007). Method: The review involved 5 phases outlined by Arksey and O'Malley (2005) and further developed by Levac, Colquhoun, and O'Brien (2010): (a) articulating the research question; (b) identifying relevant studies; (c) selecting studies; (d) charting the data; and (e) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217267/results-of-the-belgian-sentinel-network-of-general-practitioners-on-the-involvement-of-therapists-in-stroke-rehabilitation
#17
Silke Francois, Viviane Van Casteren, Katrien Vanthomme, Liesbeth Borgermans, Dirk Devroey
This study examines which therapists are involved in the rehabilitation of stroke survivors in Belgium at different points in time. A nationwide registration of stroke patients was provided by 199 and 189 family physicians working in sentinel practices for the years 2009 and 2010 respectively. 326 patients who were diagnosed with stroke were included. Patients with paralysis/paresis received significant more physiotherapy after one month (63%) compared to non-paralysed patients (38%) (P = 0.005). Residing in a nursing home was associated with higher proportions of patients receiving physiotherapy, both after one (P = 0...
November 2, 2016: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214981/neural-mechanism-underling-comprehension-of-narrative-speech-and-its-heritability-study-in-a-large-population
#18
Abbas Babajani-Feremi
Comprehension of narratives constitutes a fundamental part of our everyday life experience. Although the neural mechanism of auditory narrative comprehension has been investigated in some studies, the neural correlates underlying this mechanism and its heritability remain poorly understood. We investigated comprehension of naturalistic speech in a large, healthy adult population (n = 429; 176/253 M/F; 22-36 years of age) consisting of 192 twin pairs (49 monozygotic and 47 dizygotic pairs) and 237 of their siblings...
February 18, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213134/speech-in-noise-perception-in-musicians-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Emily B J Coffey, Nicolette Mogilever, Robert J Zatorre
The ability to understand speech in the presence of competing sound sources is an important neuroscience question in terms of how the nervous system solves this computational problem. It is also a critical clinical problem that disproportionally affects the elderly, children with language-related learning disorders, and those with hearing loss. Recent evidence that musicians have an advantage on this multifaceted skill has led to the suggestion that musical training might be used to improve or delay the decline of speech-in-noise (SIN) function...
February 14, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212857/temporal-modulations-in-speech-and-music
#20
REVIEW
Nai Ding, Aniruddh D Patel, Lin Chen, Henry Butler, Cheng Luo, David Poeppel
Speech and music have structured rhythms. Here we discuss a major acoustic correlate of spoken and musical rhythms, the slow (0.25-32Hz) temporal modulations in sound intensity and compare the modulation properties of speech and music. We analyze these modulations using over 25h of speech and over 39h of recordings of Western music. We show that the speech modulation spectrum is highly consistent across 9 languages (including languages with typologically different rhythmic characteristics). A different, but similarly consistent modulation spectrum is observed for music, including classical music played by single instruments of different types, symphonic, jazz, and rock...
February 14, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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