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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#1
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#2
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
December 1, 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924441/chronset-an-automated-tool-for-detecting-speech-onset
#3
Frédéric Roux, Blair C Armstrong, Manuel Carreiras
The analysis of speech onset times has a longstanding tradition in experimental psychology as a measure of how a stimulus influences a spoken response. Yet the lack of accurate automatic methods to measure such effects forces researchers to rely on time-intensive manual or semiautomatic techniques. Here we present Chronset, a fully automated tool that estimates speech onset on the basis of multiple acoustic features extracted via multitaper spectral analysis. Using statistical optimization techniques, we show that the present approach generalizes across different languages and speaker populations, and that it extracts speech onset latencies that agree closely with those from human observations...
December 6, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919475/language-disorders-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Stéphanie Renauld, Lyakout Mohamed-Saïd, Joël Macoir
BACKGROUND: Although cognitive impairments are common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), language impairments are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to examine the presence and nature of language disorders associated with MS. METHOD: A search of PubMed and PsycINFO databases was conducted using combinations of the following terms: language disorders, language pathology, language impairment, multiple sclerosis, communication, language and speech...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918867/case-based-interprofessional-learning-for-undergraduate-healthcare-professionals-in-the-clinical-setting
#5
Jamal Nasir, Julie Goldie, Annabel Little, Debasish Banerjee, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional learning (IPL) within the healthcare setting has well documented positive outcomes for patients, yet it is not widely offered at the undergraduate level, particularly in a clinical setting. We set up case-based teaching scenarios involving a real patient, aimed at small groups of four students representing two or more healthcare professions. The aim of the sessions was to give students a greater awareness of the roles of all the different healthcare professions involved in patient care in a hospital setting...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918368/what-can-long-term-attendance-at-programming-appointments-tell-us-about-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients
#6
Dawn Choo, Shani Joy Dettman
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand factors linked to long-term engagement with available post-implant "mapping" review services for individuals who received cochlear implants (CI)(s) as children. STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, communication outcomes, and appointment attendance records from an unselected group of 400 participants who received CI(s) between 1985 and 2009 were analyzed. RESULTS: After 5 years post-implant, 85.75% (n = 343) of participants attended the clinic for "mapping" appointments between March 2011 and March 2014, but 14...
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918063/long-lasting-musical-training-modifies-language-processing-a-dichotic-fused-word-test-study
#7
L Sebastiani, E Castellani
Musical training modifies neural areas associated with both music and language and enhances speech perception and discrimination by engaging the right hemisphere regions classically associated with music processing. On these bases we hypothesized that participants with extended musical training could have reduced left-hemisphere dominance for speech. In order to verify this hypothesis, two groups of right-handed individuals, one with long-term musical training and one with no musical training, participated to a Dichotic Fused Word Test consisting in the simultaneous presentation of different pairs of rhyming words and pseudo-words, one to the left ear and one to the right one...
January 1, 2016: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917704/parent-child-interaction-in-motor-speech-therapy
#8
Aravind Kumar Namasivayam, Vibhuti Jethava, Margit Pukonen, Anna Huynh, Debra Goshulak, Robert Kroll, Pascal van Lieshout
PURPOSE: This study measures the reliability and sensitivity of a modified Parent-Child Interaction Observation scale (PCIOs) used to monitor the quality of parent-child interaction. The scale is part of a home-training program employed with direct motor speech intervention for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Eighty-four preschool age children with speech sound disorders were provided either high- (2×/week/10 weeks) or low-intensity (1×/week/10 weeks) motor speech intervention...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917691/impact-a-multifaceted-implementation-for-conversation-partner-training-in-aphasia-in-dutch-rehabilitation-settings
#9
Sandra Wielaert, Mieke W M E van de Sandt-Koenderman, Nina Dammers, Karen Sage
PURPOSE: Exploration of the clinical uptake of a novel conversation partner training (CPT) programme in aphasia in 10 Dutch rehabilitation facilities and identification of its perceived facilitators and barriers in service providers, and the evaluation of the implementation methods used. METHOD: Ten rehabilitation centres took part in a multifaceted implementation of CPT over 13 months. Each centre selected two speech and language therapists to act as knowledge brokers whose role was to raise awareness of CPT in the team and to facilitate getting partners of people with aphasia into the programme...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914822/effects-of-sodium-thiosulfate-versus-observation-on-development-of-cisplatin-induced-hearing-loss-in-children-with-cancer-accl0431-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-open-label-phase-3-trial
#10
David R Freyer, Lu Chen, Mark D Krailo, Kristin Knight, Doojduen Villaluna, Bonnie Bliss, Brad H Pollock, Jagadeesh Ramdas, Beverly Lange, David Van Hoff, Michele L VanSoelen, John Wiernikowski, Edward A Neuwelt, Lillian Sung
BACKGROUND: Sodium thiosulfate is an antioxidant shown in preclinical studies in animals to prevent cisplatin-induced hearing loss with timed administration after cisplatin without compromising the antitumour efficacy of cisplatin. The primary aim of this study was to assess sodium thiosulfate for prevention of cisplatin-induced hearing loss in children and adolescents. METHODS: ACCL0431 was a multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial that enrolled participants at 38 participating Children's Oncology Group hospitals in the USA and Canada...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914402/stimulus-directed-attention-attenuates-lexically-guided-perceptual-learning
#11
Michael McAuliffe, Molly Babel
Studies on perceptual learning are motivated by phonetic variation that listeners encounter across speakers, items, and context. In this study, the authors investigate what control the listener has over the perceptual learning of ambiguous /s/ pronunciations through inducing changes in their attentional set. Listeners' attention is manipulated during a lexical decision exposure task such that their attention is directed at the word-level for comprehension-oriented listening or toward the signal for perception-oriented listening...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914374/the-effects-of-exposure-and-training-on-the-perception-of-time-compressed-speech-in-native-versus-nonnative-listeners
#12
Karen Banai, Yizhar Lavner
The present study investigated the effects of language experience on the perceptual learning induced by either brief exposure to or more intensive training with time-compressed speech. Native (n = 30) and nonnative (n = 30) listeners were each divided to three groups with different experiences with time-compressed speech: A trained group who trained on the semantic verification of time-compressed sentences for three sessions, an exposure group briefly exposed to 20 time-compressed sentences, and a group of naive listeners...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#13
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908645/a-brief-measure-of-language-skills-at-3-years-of-age-and-special-education-use-in-middle-childhood
#14
Laura Lee McIntyre, William E Pelham, Matthew H Kim, Thomas J Dishion, Daniel S Shaw, Melvin N Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To test whether a language screener administered during early childhood predicts special education referrals and placement in middle childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A series of logistic regressions was conducted in a longitudinal study of 731 children. Predictor variables included scores on the early language screener (Fluharty Preschool Speech and Language Screening Test-Second Edition [Fluharty-2]) at ages 3 and 4 years, a standardized measure of academic achievement at age 5 years, and parent report of special education services at ages 7...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908200/development-of-an-internet-version-of-the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-a-trial-of-part-1
#15
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: There is evidence that access to treatment for early stuttering is not available for all who need it. An internet version of the Lidcombe Program for early stuttering (Internet-LP) has been developed to deal with this shortfall. The LP is suitable for such development because it is delivered by parents in the child's everyday environment, with training by a speech-language pathologist. A Phase I trial of Internet-LP Part 1, comprising parent training, is reported here. METHOD: Eight parents of pre-schoolers who stutter were recruited and six completed the trial...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908037/the-structure-of-hindi-stop-consonants
#16
Kushagra Singh, Nachiketa Tiwari
The pronunciation of stop consonants varies markedly with age, gender, accent, etc. Yet by extracting appropriate cues common to these varying pronunciations, it is possible to correctly identify the spoken consonant. In this paper, the structure underlying Hindi stop consonants is presented. This understanding may potentially be used as a "recipe" for their artificial synthesis. Hindi alphabet stops were analyzed for this purpose. This alphabet has an organized and comprehensive inventory of stop consonants, and its consonants invariably terminate with the neutral vowel schwa...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907811/using-the-oases-a-to-illustrate-how-network-analysis-can-be-applied-to-understand-the-experience-of-stuttering
#17
Cynthia S Q Siew, Kristin M Pelczarski, J Scott Yaruss, Michael S Vitevitch
PURPOSE: Network science uses mathematical and computational techniques to examine how individual entities in a system, represented by nodes, interact, as represented by connections between nodes. This approach has been used by Cramer et al. (2010) to make "symptom networks" to examine various psychological disorders. In the present analysis we examined a network created from the items in the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering-Adult (OASES-A), a commonly used measure for evaluating adverse impact in the lives of people who stutter...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905242/constant-therapy
#18
(no author information available yet)
Designed by scientists at Boston University, the aim of this therapy app is to improve everyday speech, memory and focus skills in people recovering from traumatic brain injury, or who have aphasia, dementia or a speech-language disorder.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904489/speech-and-language-therapy-for-aphasia-following-subacute-stroke
#19
Engin Koyuncu, Pınar Çam, Nermin Altınok, Duygu Ekinci Çallı, Tuba Yarbay Duman, Neşe Özgirgin
The aim of this study was to investigate the time window, duration and intensity of optimal speech and language therapy applied to aphasic patients with subacute stroke in our hospital. The study consisted of 33 patients being hospitalized for stroke rehabilitation in our hospital with first stroke but without previous history of speech and language therapy. Sixteen sessions of impairment-based speech and language therapy were applied to the patients, 30-60 minutes per day, 2 days a week, for 8 successive weeks...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900753/-issues-related-to-screening-and-caring-for-newborns-with-hearing-impairments
#20
Mei-Show Liou, Ying Tsao
The critical period for auditory development in humans begins at around the 20th gestational week and continues until 3 years of age. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to cause impaired hearing. Without early identification and intervention, hearing-impaired children face a high risk of experiencing significant difficulties with speech and language development, social behavior, and emotional functioning. Two types of commonly used hearing screening technologies include transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (aABR)...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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