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CNS shunt infection guidelines

Rajeev Desai, James Neuberger
Cancers in solid organ recipients may be classified as donor transmitted, donor derived, de novo or recurrent. The risk of donor-transmitted cancer is very low and can be reduced by careful screening of the donor but cannot be abolished and, in the United Kingdom series is less than 0.03%. For donors with a known history of cancer, the risks will depend on the nature of the cancer, the interventions given and the interval between diagnosis and organ donation. The risks of cancer transmission must be balanced against the risks of death awaiting a new graft and strict adherence to current guidelines may result increased patient death...
May 28, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Ayman A Abdo
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a disturbance of the central nervous system (CNS) function secondary to porto-systemic shunting. It usually occurs in the setting of advanced liver cirrhosis or acute fulminant hepatic failure. An extensive Medline search was undertaken and all relevant papers found were critically examined. Special emphasis was paid to clinical trials and meta-analyses. All guidelines and conference proceedings related to hepatic encephalopathy were also examined. HE presents with a spectrum of neuropsychiatric manifestations that may be quite subtle (minimal HE) or overt, ranging from disturbance of the sleep pattern to deep hepatic coma...
January 2006: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Terrence Riley, A C White
Neurocysticercosis is a common cause of neurological disease in developing countries and a major cause of epilepsy worldwide. A unique characteristic of human neurocysticercosis is that the living parasite is very well tolerated in human brain, so symptoms and clinical disease primarily result from death of the organism and accompanying inflammatory reaction in the human CNS. Among the diverse clinical manifestations of human neurocysticercosis, seizures are the most common, but other clinical problems occur, depending upon the localisation and viability of the parasite...
2003: CNS Drugs
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