Read by QxMD icon Read

Epidemiology diabetic foot

Justin Parker, Rolf Scharfbillig, Sara Jones
BACKGROUND: Xerosis, literally dryness of the skin, of the foot is a common condition encountered clinically, which can lead to discomfort and predisposition to infection. Currently, there are no evidence-based recommendations on which moisturiser formulations best alleviate xerotic symptoms. The aim of this review was to guide clinical practice in the treatment of primary and diabetes related foot xerosis, by identifying from the existing literature the most effective ingredient or formulation of topical treatments for symptoms of primary foot xerosis in the general population...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Endre Kolossváry, Zoltán Bánsághi, Gábor Viktor Szabó, Zoltán Járai, Katalin Farkas
"Diabetic foot" as definition covers a multifactorial clinical condition. According to the recent epidemiological data, the role of lower limb ischemia is getting more influential over other pathological causes, like neuropathy, infections and bone or soft tissue deformity. In diabetes, vascular disease leads to increased risk for leg ulcers and minor or major amputations. The traditional diagnostic tools for recognition of peripheral arterial disease have limited value because of diabetes specific clinical manifestations...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
Joanne Paton, Anna L Hatton, Keith Rome, Bridie Kent
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle devices are being developed as a method of preventing people with sensory perception loss sustaining a fall. Such devices are believed to work by reducing the likelihood of a fall by improving the balance and gait of the user. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot and ankle devices for the prevention of falls and the improvement of balance and gait in adults with sensory perception loss. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: Participants were community-dwelling adults with bilateral pathological sensory perception loss...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Pengzi Zhang, Jing Lu, Yali Jing, Sunyinyan Tang, Dalong Zhu, Yan Bi
Diabetic foot is a severe public health issue, yet rare studies investigated its global epidemiology. Here we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis through searching PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of science, and Cochrane database. We found that that global diabetic foot ulcer prevalence was 6.3% (95%CI: 5.4-7.3%), which was higher in males (4.5%, 95%CI: 3.7-5.2%) than in females (3.5%, 95%CI: 2.8-4.2%), and higher in type 2 diabetic patients (6.4%, 95%CI: 4.6-8.1%) than in type 1 diabetics (5.5%, 95%CI: 3...
March 2017: Annals of Medicine
Geisa Maria Campos de Macedo, Samanta Nunes, Tania Barreto
Skin disorders, usually neglected and frequently underdiagnosed among diabetic patients, are common complications and encounter a broad spectrum of disorders in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)-e.g. cutaneous infection, dry skin, pruritus. Skin disorders are highly associated with increased risk of important outcomes, such as skin lesions, ulcerations and diabetic foot, which can lead to major complications and revolve around multifactorial factors besides hyperglycemia and advanced glycation end products...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Tülay Kılıç, Pieta Krijnen, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Roelf S Breederveld
BACKGROUND: Although the feet involve a small percentage of the total body surface area, they can have major effects in daily life, caused by prolonged bed rest, hospitalization and high risk of both early and late complications. The aim of this study was to define the aetiology, treatment and outcomes of foot burns, with special interest in paediatric patients, patients with diabetic disease and burns acquired at the workplace. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 82 patients who were admitted to one of the three burn centres in the Netherlands during the period 2004 to 2013...
2015: Burns and trauma
Kelly R Reveles, Bryson M Duhon, Robert J Moore, Elizabeth O Hand, Crystal K Howell
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot infections (DFIs) are the leading cause of non-traumatic lower extremity amputations in the United States. Antimicrobials active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are recommended in patients with associated risk factors; however, limited data exist to support these recommendations. Due to the changing epidemiology of MRSA, and the consequences of unnecessary antibiotic therapy, guidance regarding the necessity of empirical MRSA coverage in DFIs is needed...
2016: PloS One
Dane K Wukich, Katherine M Raspovic
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetic foot disease are at an increased risk for lower extremity amputation (LEA), premature mortality, and reduced health-related quality of life. In the setting of chronic infection, significant tissue loss, and/or an unstable deformity, limb salvage may not be possible, and major amputation is necessary. METHODS: The primary goal of this study was to review the literature with an emphasis on the functional aspects associated with successful limb salvage versus major LEA...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
D H B Ubayawansa, W Y M Abeysekera, M M A J Kumara
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiology and conditions frequently seen in major lower extremity amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Teaching Hospital Karapitiya, Sri Lanka, from October 2013 to September 2014. METHODOLOGY: Major lower limb amputations were identified according to ICD-10 criteria. Data was retrospectively collected. Type of the amputation, indication for the amputation, gender and age of the patients, and mortality were noted...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
S R Merger, W Kerner, M Stadler, A Zeyfang, P Jehle, M Müller-Korbsch, R W Holl
BACKGROUND: A growing number of people with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) are identified with features of metabolic syndrome (MS) known as "double diabetes", but epidemiologic data on the prevalence of MS in T1DM and its comorbidities are still lacking. Aim of this cross sectional study is to better estimate the prevalence of MS in T1DM, and to assess its association with comorbidities. METHODS: Data of 31,119 persons with autoimmune diabetes mellitus were analysed for signs of MS and presence of late complications...
September 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
So Young Park, Sang Youl Rhee, Suk Chon, Kyu Jeung Ahn, Sung-Hoon Kim, Sei Hyun Baik, Yongsoo Park, Moon Suk Nam, Kwan Woo Lee, Jeong-Taek Woo, Ki Hong Chun, Young Seol Kim
AIM: Diabetes mellitus (DM) patients are susceptible to foot injury or foot diseases such as diabetic foot and peripheral arterial disease. Although these conditions are considered important, few studies have investigated them in detail. Therefore, we investigated the epidemiology of diabetic foot complications (DFC) with respect to the effects on the public healthcare system. METHODS: We evaluated the incidence, clinical characteristics, health service utilization frequency and medical expenses of DFC in type 2 DM patients in the Korea National Diabetes Program (KNDP), the largest multi-center, prospective cohort in Korea (n=4405)...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Carla Mottola, Carina S Matias, João J Mendes, José Melo-Cristino, Luís Tavares, Patrícia Cavaco-Silva, Manuela Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Foot infections are a major cause of morbidity in people with diabetes and the most common cause of diabetes-related hospitalization and lower extremity amputation. Staphylococcus aureus is by far the most frequent species isolated from these infections. In particular, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has emerged as a major clinical and epidemiological problem in hospitals. MRSA strains have the ability to be resistant to most β-lactam antibiotics, but also to a wide range of other antimicrobials, making infections difficult to manage and very costly to treat...
June 23, 2016: BMC Microbiology
Shigeo Kono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
P Seng, M Vernier, A Gay, P-O Pinelli, R Legré, A Stein
Streptococcal bone and joint infections are less common than staphylococcal cases. Few studies have reported the cases with well-identified Streptococcus species. Their clinical features and prognosis are not clearly known to date. Moreover, no treatment regimen has yet been clarified. We reviewed the streptococcal bone and joint infection cases managed in our centres from January 2009 to December 2013. We described the epidemiology, clinical and microbiologic characteristics, treatment approach and outcome...
July 2016: New Microbes and New Infections
Ricardo Cardenuto Ferreira, Daniel Hidalgo Gonçalez, João Manoel Fonseca Filho, Marco Túlio Costa, Roberto Attilio Lima Santin
OBJECTIVES: To outline the epidemiological profile of diabetic patients with Charcot arthropathy affecting the midfoot alone or extending from the midfoot to the hindfoot; To assess the results from the treatment that these patients undergo, according to a preestablished protocol, over the medium term. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 88 patients (110 extremities) with Charcot arthropathy of the midfoot. The minimum follow-up period was 12 months. We included 45 patients with Charcot arthropathy affecting the tarsal-metatarsal joints (51%); 20 patients in whom the talonavicular, calcaneocuboid and subtalar joints were affected (23%); and 23 patients in whom both the midfoot and hindfoot were affected (26%), as described by Brodsky and Trepman...
September 2012: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Cosmina I Bondor, Ioan A Veresiu, Bogdan Florea, Etta J Vinik, Aaron I Vinik, Norina A Gavan
This is a post hoc analysis of quality of life in diabetic neuropathy patients in a cross-sectional survey performed in 2012 in Romania, using the Norfolk QOL-DN in which 21,756 patients with self-reported diabetes were enrolled. This current analysis aims to expand research on the diabetic foot and to provide an update on the number of foot ulcers found in Romania. Of the 21,174 patients included in this analysis, 14.85% reported a history of foot ulcers and 3.60% reported an amputation. The percentage of neuropathy patients with foot ulcers increased with age; the lowest percentage was observed in the 20-29-year age group (6...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Maria Candida R Parisi, Arnaldo Moura Neto, Fabio H Menezes, Marilia Brito Gomes, Rodrigo Martins Teixeira, José Egídio Paulo de Oliveira, Joana Rodrigues Dantas Pereira, Reine Marie Chaves Fonseca, Lorena Barreto Arruda Guedes, Adriana Costa E Forti, Ana Mayra Andrade de Oliveira, Marta Barreto de Medeiros Nóbrega, Víctor Nóbrega Quintas Colares, Helena Schmid, Otto Henrique Nienov, Marcia Nery, Túlio Diniz Fernandes, Hermelinda C Pedrosa, Cristina da S Schreiber de Oliveira, Marcelo Ronsoni, Karla Freire Rezende, Maria Teresa Verrone Quilici, Alexandre Eduardo Franzin Vieira, Geisa Maria Campos de Macedo, Eliana Gabas Stuchi-Perez, Kandir Genésio Innocenti Dinhane, Ana Emilia Pace, Maria Cristina Foss de Freitas, Maria Regina Calsolari, Mario José Abdalla Saad
BACKGROUND: Studies on diabetic foot and its complications involving a significant and representative sample of patients in South American countries are scarce. The main objective of this study was to acquire clinical and epidemiological data on a large cohort of diabetic patients from 19 centers from Brazil and focus on factors that could be associated with the risk of ulcer and amputation. METHODS: This study presents cross sectional, baseline results of the BRAZUPA Study...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Solène Schirr-Bonnans, Nadège Costa, Hélène Derumeaux-Burel, Jérémy Bos, Benoît Lepage, Valérie Garnault, Jacques Martini, Hélène Hanaire, Marie-Christine Turnin, Laurent Molinier
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic retinopathy (DR), diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) represent a public health and economic concern that may be assessed with cost-of-illness (COI) studies. OBJECTIVES: (1) To review COI studies published between 2000 and 2015, about DR, DKD and DFU; (2) to analyse methods used. METHODS: Disease definition, epidemiological approach, perspective, type of costs, activity data sources, cost valuation, sensitivity analysis, cost discounting and presentation of costs may be described in COI studies...
March 14, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
Fatima Ochoa-Gonzalez, Alberto R Cervantes-Villagrana, Julio C Fernandez-Ruiz, Hilda S Nava-Ramirez, Adriana C Hernandez-Correa, Jose A Enciso-Moreno, Julio E Castañeda-Delgado
BACKGROUND: Several epidemiological studies in diabetic patients have demonstrated a protective effect of metformin to the development of several types of cancer. The underlying mechanisms of such phenomenon is related to the effect of metformin on cell proliferation among which, mTOR, AMPK and other targets have been identified. However, little is known about the role that metformin treatment have on other cell types such as keratinocytes and whether exposure to metformin of these cells might have serious repercussions in wound healing delay and in the development of complications in diabetic patients with foot ulcers or in their exacerbation...
2016: PloS One
Norafizah Haji Zaine, Kerry Hitos, Mauro Vicaretti, John P Fletcher, Lindy Begg, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: There are few studies investigating the characteristics, risk factors and socioeconomic status of patients with non-diabetic foot ulcers. The aim of this study was to explore the characteristics of non-diabetic foot ulcers in a large tertiary referral outpatient hospital setting in Western Sydney, Australia. METHODS: From 2011 to 2013, data from 202 patients with non-diabetic foot ulcers during their initial visit were retrospectively extracted for analysis from Westmead Hospital's Foot Wound Clinic Registry...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"