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Hit training

Danielle T Gescheit, Rob Duffield, Melissa Skein, Neil Brydon, Stuart J Cormack, Machar Reid
Elite tennis is characterised by repeated bouts of up to 5-set match play, yet little is known about the technical requirements of shots played. This study therefore investigated technical performance changes over consecutive days of prolonged, simulated tennis match play. A total of 7 well-trained men tennis players performed 4 consecutive days of competitive 4-h match play. Matches were notated to determine between-day changes in groundstroke and serve performance, as well as point and match durations. Changes ≥75% likely to exceed the smallest important effect size (0...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Chip P Rowan, Michael C Riddell, Norman Gledhill, Veronica K Jamnik
PURPOSE: Prediabetes is linked to several modifiable risk factors, in particular, physical activity participation. The optimal prescription for physical activity remains uncertain. This pilot study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of continuous moderate intensity (CON) versus high intensity interval (HIIT) aerobic training in persons with prediabetes. Outcome measures included hemoglobin A1c (A1C), body composition, musculoskeletal and aerobic fitness. METHODS: Participants (n= 35) were recruited and screened using a questionnaire plus capillary blood point-of-care A1C analysis...
October 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Shelby A Montague, Bruce S Baker
An animal's ability to learn and to form memories is essential for its survival. The fruit fly has proven to be a valuable model system for studies of learning and memory. One learned behavior in fruit flies is courtship conditioning. In Drosophila courtship conditioning, male flies learn not to court females during training with an unreceptive female. He retains a memory of this training and for several hours decreases courtship when subsequently paired with any female. Courtship conditioning is a unique learning paradigm; it uses a positive-valence stimulus, a female fly, to teach a male to decrease an innate behavior, courtship of the female...
2016: PloS One
Hsing-Hua Tsai, Chin-Pu Lin, Yi-Hui Lin, Chih-Chin Hsu, Jong-Shyan Wang
PURPOSE: Exercise training improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation, whereas hypoxic stress causes vascular endothelial dysfunction. Monocyte-derived endothelial progenitor cells (Mon-EPCs) contribute to vascular repair process by differentiating into endothelial cells. This study investigates how high-intensity interval (HIT) and moderate-intensity continuous (MCT) exercise training affect circulating Mon-EPC levels and EPC functionality under hypoxic condition. METHODS: Sixty healthy sedentary males were randomized to engage in either HIT (3-min intervals at 40 and 80 % VO2max for five repetitions, n = 20) or MCT (sustained 60 % VO2max, n = 20) for 30 min/day, 5 days/week for 6 weeks, or to a control group (CTL) that did not received exercise intervention (n = 20)...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Taewoong Oh, Sakura Tanaka, Tatsuki Naka, Shoji Igawa
PURPOSE: This study was performed to assess the effects of high-intensity intermittent swimming training(HIT) on bone in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Six-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to either sham operation or bilateral ovariectomy. After surgery, they were divided into the following four groups: 1) sham-operated sedentary (S), 2) sham-operated exercise training (SE), 3) OVX sedentary (O), 4) OVX exercise training (OE) 5) OVX given 17β-estradiol (OE2) and 6) OVX exercise training and given 17β-estradiol (OEE)...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Helen Nash
Bríd Hehir's 'Stop hitting the bottle' article was thought provoking (reflections September 7). I work with the health visiting team, am an avid supporter of breastfeeding and currently training to become a lactation consultant. This does not stop me supporting mothers who bottle feed their babies.
October 12, 2005: Nursing Standard
Stuart P McElroy, Philip S Jones, Denise V Barrault
With industry increasingly sourcing preclinical drug discovery projects from academia it is important that new academic discoveries are enabled through translation with HTS-ready assays. However, many scientifically interesting, novel molecular targets lack associated high-quality, robust assays suitable for hit finding and development. To bridge this gap, the Scottish Universities Life Sciences Alliance (SULSA) established a fund to develop assays to meet quality criteria such as those of the European Lead Factory...
October 5, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
SoJung Lee, Jenna Spector, Stephanie Reilly
Recently, there has been growing interest in high-intensity interval training (HIT) as a strategy to improve health. In this pilot study, we examined the feasibility of a 4-week low-volume HIT and its effects on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), blood pressure (BP) and enjoyment in overweight and obese youth. Twelve adolescents (body mass index (BMI): 34.8 ± 3.9 kg · m(‒)(2), 14.9 ± 1.5 years) participated in 12 sessions of HIT (10 × 60 s cycling bouts eliciting ~90% maximal heart rate, interspersed with 90 s recovery, 30 min/session, 3 sessions/week) over ~4 weeks...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Julie Meek, Neil Gopee
From time to time professional misconduct issuesin the nursing home sector hit the headlines withreports on verbal or physical abuse of residents ( 1 ). Problem areas include lack of in-service training, breach of guidelines on drug administration, andassaults on mentally ill residents.
September 27, 1995: Nursing Standard
Bill Doult
The number of Scottish community nurse trainees has plummeted by 80 per cent in the past four years.
May 26, 1993: Nursing Standard
Daniel Allen
Thirty prospective student nurses, due to begin training at St George's and Roehampton College of lealth Studies next month, have been told the course has been cancelled.
February 10, 1993: Nursing Standard
Hanneke J R van Duijnhoven, Anita Heeren, Marlijn A M Peters, Janne M Veerbeek, Gert Kwakkel, Alexander C H Geurts, Vivian Weerdesteyn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effects of exercise training on balance capacity in people in the chronic phase after stroke. Furthermore, we aimed to identify which training regimen was most effective. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating the effects of exercise therapy on balance capacity in the chronic phase after stroke. Studies were included if they were of moderate or high methodological quality (PEDro score ≥4)...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Gary B Wilkerson, Kevin A Simpson, Ryan A Clark
CONTEXT: Neurocognitive reaction time has been associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, but visuomotor reaction time (VMRT) derived from tests that present greater challenges to visual stimulus detection and motor response execution may have a stronger association. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess VMRT as a predictor of injury and the extent to which improvement may result from VMRT training. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: University athletic performance center...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Julia Grapsa, Vijay Kunadian, Davide Capodanno, Rafael Vidal-Perez, Maria Radu, Panagiota Christia, Anastasia Efimova, Stephan Windecker, Patrizio Lancellotti, Bernard Cosyns, Erwan Donal, Bogdan Alexandru Popescu, Gilbert Habib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Anna Schleimer, Alain C Frantz, Johannes Lang, Phillipe Reinert, Mike Heddergott
While genetic profiling can be a powerful tool to solve wildlife crime, comparably few examples of individual identification in wildlife forensics are available in the literature. Here, we report a case of an accidental shooting of a hunting dog during a wild boar drive hunt. The market value of trained hunting dogs can reach several thousand euro. No one admitted to killing the dog. Wild boar hairs were found in the dog's wound, suggesting that the bullet first hit a wild boar and then the dog. Since it was known who harvested each boar, we aimed to use individual-specific genetic profiles to link these hairs to a bagged animal and to identify the culprit...
September 12, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Cristian Álvarez, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Martínez, Mauricio Castro-Sepúlveda, Johnattan Cano-Montoya, Rodrigo Mancilla, Marcelo Flores-Opazo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of three exercise training program in the adaptation of the heart rate recovery of patients with insulin resistance. METHODS: We studied 43 women with insulin resistance, which were assigned to three training groups: i) high intensity interval training (HIT, age 39.0 ± 10 y), ii) strength training (ST, age 33.9 ± 9.4 y), iii) mixed training of HIT+ST (MIXT, age 43.3 ± 8.1 y), and iv) and control group (CG, age 40...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
J Giessing, B Eichmann, J Steele, J Fisher
Most studies of resistance training (RT) examine methods that do not resemble typical training practices of persons participating in RT. Ecologically valid RT programs more representative of such practices are seldom compared. This study compared two such approaches to RT. Thirty participants (males, n = 13; females, n = 17) were randomised to either a group performing low volume 'High Intensity Training' (HIT; n = 16) or high volume 'Body-building' (3ST; n = 14) RT methods 2x/week for 10 weeks. Outcomes included muscular performance, body composition, and participant's subjective assessments...
September 2016: Biology of Sport
Sarah D Rominski, Jody Lori, Emmanuel Nakua, Veronica Dzomeku, Cheryl A Moyer
Despite global attention, high levels of maternal mortality continue to plague many low- and middle-income settings. One important way to improve the care of women in labour is to increase the proportion of women who deliver in a health facility. However, due to poor quality of care, including being disrespected and abused, women are reluctant to come to facilities for delivery care. The current study sought to examine disrespectful and abusive treatment towards labouring women from the perspective of midwifery students who were within months of graduation...
September 4, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Ainoleena Turku, Alexandre Borrel, Teppo O Leino, Lasse Karhu, Jyrki P Kukkonen, Henri Xhaard
Small molecule agonists and antagonists of the orexinergic system have key implications for research and therapeutic purposes. We report a pharmacophore model trained on ∼200 antagonists and prospectively validated by screening a collection of ∼137,000 compounds. The resulting hit list, 395 compounds, was tested for OX1 and OX2 receptor activity using calcium mobilization assay in recombinant cell lines. Validation was conducted using both calcium mobilization and [(125)I]-orexin-A competition binding. Compounds 4-7 have weak agonist activity and Ki's in the 1-30 μM range; compounds 8-14 are antagonists with Ki's in the 0...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Anthony LaPorta, A W Kirkpatrick, J L Mckee, D J Roberts, H Tien, A Beckett, C G Ball, I Mckee, D Louw, J B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: In a care under fire situation, a first line response to haemorrhage is to apply a tourniquet and return fire. However, there is little understanding of how tourniquets and other haemorrhage control devices impact marksmanship. METHODS: We compared the impact of the iTClamp and the Combat Application Tourniquet (CAT) on marksmanship. Following randomisation (iTClamp or CAT), trained marksmen fired an AR15 at a scaled silhouette target in prone unsupported position (shooting task)...
August 16, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
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