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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633274/intraventricular-septal-echinococcosis
#1
Mikael Kastengren, Jan Liska, Peter Svenarud, Magnus Dalén
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631585/a-case-of-intracardiac-echinococcosis
#2
Soner Sertan Kara, Ufuk Utku Gullu
We describe a case of multisystemic cystic echinococcosis exhibiting intracardiac involvement. A lesion inside the lateral wall of the left ventricle induced negative T waves on leads V5 and V6.
June 20, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630663/presentation-of-secondary-parasitic-infection-37-years-after-primary-infection
#3
Gary Sharp, David Yeo, Cherry Koh
Echinococcus granulosus (EG) is a neglected pathology that causes cystic echinococcosis and primarily affects the liver and lung. EG infects ~6 million worldwide and mortality is quoted as 2-4% per 100 000 inhabitants. The increase in human traffic from endemic regions demands clinician's awareness. Dogs are the most common definitive host for the EG tapeworm. Human infection requires ingestion of fecal parasitic eggs. Primary infection causes cysts to appear in affected organs, rupture of which leads to secondary infection...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630383/balb-c-mice-immunity-to-hydatidosis-induced-by-in-vitro-reared-echinococcus-granulosus-adult-worm-antigens
#4
Hamid Reza Rahimi, Tahereh Mohammadzadeh, Seyed Mahmoud Sadjjadi, Bahador Sarkari, Farzaneh Zahabiun
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. Several native and recombinant antigens, derived from different stages of E. granulosus life cycle, have been used for vaccine trials. In vitro reared adult worms are good candidates for vaccination as they do not produce fertile egg/s and do not have any risk of contamination for researchers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate different antigens derived from in vitro reared E...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630382/immunodiagnostic-value-of-echinococcus-granulosus-recombinant-b8-1-subunit-of-antigen-b
#5
Amir Savardashtaki, Bahador Sarkari, Farzane Arianfar, Zohreh Mostafavi-Pour
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE), as a chronic parasitic disease, is a major health problem in many countries. The performance of the currently available serodiagnostic tests for the diagnosis of CE is unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed at sub-cloning a gene, encoding the B8/1 subunit of antigen B (AgB) from Echinococcus granulosus, using gene optimization for the immunodiagnosis of human CE. METHODS: The coding sequence for AgB8/1 subunit of Echinococcus granulosus was selected from GenBank and was gene-optimized...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624512/epidemiological-investigation-and-risk-factors-of-echinococcus-granulosus-in-yaks-bos-grunniens-tibetan-pigs-and-tibetans-on-qinghai-tibetan-plateau
#6
Kun Li, Lihong Zhang, Hui Zhang, Zhixin Lei, Houqiang Luo, Khalid Mehmood, Muhammad Shahzad, Yanfang Lan, Meng Wang, Jiakui Li
Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) is a diverse zoonotic parasite and causes Cystic echinococcosis (CE) disease in humans and livestock. However, scare information is available about the epidemic situation of E. granulosus infection in yaks, Tibetan pigs and native Tibetans on the Qinghai Tibetan plateau. Therefore, a study was carried out to find prevalence and risk factors of E. granulosus in yaks, Tibetan pigs and Tibetans. Serum samples from yaks (1371), Tibetan pigs (454) and Tibetans (600) were collected and assessed by commercial ELISA kits...
June 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621034/depletion-of-foxp3-tregs-improves-control-of-larval-echinococcus-multilocularis-infection-by-promoting-co-stimulation-and-th1-17-immunity
#7
Junhua Wang, Stephan Müller, Renyong Lin, Myriam Siffert, Dominique A Vuitton, Hao Wen, Bruno Gottstein
INTRODUCTION: The growth potential of the tumor-like Echinococcus multilocularis metacestode (causing alveolar echinococcosis, AE) is directly linked to the nature/function of the periparasitic host immune-mediated processes. Previous studies had shown that regulatory T cells (Tregs) become gradually up-regulated in the course of both chronic human and murine AE. Thus we now tackled the role of FoxP3(+) Tregs and FoxP3(+) -Treg-regulated immune response in contributing to the control of this helminthic infection...
June 16, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613113/complex-interventional-iliocaval-recanalization-due-to-plasmacytoma-and-cystic-echinococcosis
#8
Felicitas Stoll, Nils Kucher, Britta Vogel, Hugo A Katus, Oliver J Müller, Christian Erbel
Post-thrombotic syndrome is common after iliofemoral vein thrombosis. Conservative therapy, mainly limited to compression and anticoagulation therapy, might not be sufficient in controlling symptoms. Interventional recanalization of the chronically occluded iliac veins is an evolving method, promising rapid relief of symptoms. Here, we present two cases of complex interventions in one patient with preceding pelvic radiotherapy due to a plasmacytoma and in another patient in whom a cava wedge resection had been performed because of cystic echinococcosis in the liver...
June 14, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611263/hepatic-echinococcosis-with-thoracic-involvement-clinical-characteristics-of-a-prospective-series-of-cases
#9
Carlos Manterola, Tamara Otzen
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic involvement (TIHE) is one of the evolutionary complications of hepatic echinococcosis (HE). AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and postoperative morbidity (POM) of a series of patients with TIHE treated surgically. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Series of cases of patients treated for TIHE between 2000 and 2014 in the Hospital Regional and Clínica Mayor in Temuco, Chile, with a minimum 12-month follow-up...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595676/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-2-years-of-a-dosing-intervention-on-canine-echinococcosis-in-the-alay-valley-kyrgyzstan
#10
F VAN Kesteren, A Mastin, P R Torgerson, Bermet Mytynova, P S Craig
Echinococcosis is a re-emerging zoonotic disease in Kyrgyzstan. In 2012, an echinococcosis control scheme was started that included dosing owned dogs in the Alay Valley, Kyrgyzstan with praziquantel. Control programmes require large investments of money and resources; as such it is important to evaluate how well these are meeting their targets. However, problems associated with echinococcosis control schemes include remoteness and semi-nomadic customs of affected communities, and lack of resources. These same problems apply to control scheme evaluations, and quick and easy assessment tools are highly desirable...
June 9, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589871/prevalence-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
H R Khalkhali, M Foroutan, S Khademvatan, H Majidiani, S Aryamand, P Khezri, A Aminpour
As a significant zoonosis, cystic echinococcosis (CE) is endemic in some parts of the world, such as the Middle East. There are studies on the prevalence of this infection in animal and human reservoirs in Iran; hence, we conducted this meta-analysis to elucidate the prevalence of CE in Iran. English (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct and Google Scholar) and Persian (Magiran, Iran Medex, Iran Doc and SID) databases were explored. In the case of definitive, animal and human intermediate hosts, 37, 90 and 33 studies, respectively, have been included in the current review from January 1990 to December 2015...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588571/genome-wide-transcriptome-analysis-reveals-extensive-alternative-splicing-events-in-the-protoscoleces-of-echinococcus-granulosus-and-echinococcus-multilocularis
#12
Shuai Liu, Xiaosu Zhou, Lili Hao, Xianyu Piao, Nan Hou, Qijun Chen
Alternative splicing (AS), as one of the most important topics in the post-genomic era, has been extensively studied in numerous organisms. However, little is known about the prevalence and characteristics of AS in Echinococcus species, which can cause significant health problems to humans and domestic animals. Based on high-throughput RNA-sequencing data, we performed a genome-wide survey of AS in two major pathogens of echinococcosis-Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis. Our study revealed that the prevalence and characteristics of AS in protoscoleces of the two parasites were generally consistent with each other...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583941/teaching-neuroimages-giant-cystic-echinococcosis-with-unusual-imaging-manifestations
#13
Dekang Nie, Liang Xia, Jian Chen, Wei Shi, Guan Sun, Jun Guo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576342/development-of-a-colloidal-gold-immunochromatographic-strip-based-on-hsp70-for-the-rapid-detection-of-echinococcus-granulosus-in-sheep
#14
Xunhui Zhuo, Yingchao Yu, Xueqiu Chen, Zhuangzhi Zhang, Yi Yang, Aifang Du
Echinococcus granulosus is the causative pathogen of cystic echinococcosis, a serious disease endangering human and animal health. In this study, an immunochromatographic strip was developed based on the recombinant protein Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) for the serological detection of E. granulosus. The protocol completes within 20min requiring no specialized equipment or chemical reagents, while specificity tests confirmed no cross-reactivity with positive serum of Fasciola hepatica, Haemonchus contortus, Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) and Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV)...
June 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574387/-clinical-and-epidemiological-peculiarities-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-children
#15
Kh Melia, N Kokaia, M Manjgaladze, T Kelbakiani-Kvinikhidze, G Sulaberidze
The postoperative period of cystic echinococcosis was studied in 13 children. Demographic, epidemiological, clinical diagnosis, treatment, number location, and development of cysts and serologic data were analyzed. Age of children at diagnosis range 5 to 17 years. All patients with cystic echinococcosis had abdominal cysts. The liver was the main organ involved in ten patients (76,9%) - they had cysts located in the liver, two patients (15,4%) had lung cyst, one patient had concomitant lung and liver cysts...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567559/diagnosis-of-canine-echinococcus-multilocularis-infections-by-copro-dna-tests-comparison-of-dna-extraction-techniques-and-evaluation-of-diagnostic-deworming
#16
Takao Irie, Takuya Ito, Hirokazu Kouguchi, Kimiaki Yamano, Kohji Uraguchi, Kinpei Yagi, Nariaki Nonaka
The use of copro-DNA detection methods for the diagnosis of canine Echinococcus multilocularis infection was evaluated with a focus on DNA extraction techniques: two commercial kits and a modified alkaline-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) technique. Dog feces (0.2 g) mixed with a protoscolex or with 1 or 10 eggs of E. multilocularis were subjected to DNA detection following extraction by these methods. DNA was extracted from all protoscolex samples by all methods, but success for samples with eggs depended on extraction technique with the modified technique showing success on all samples...
May 31, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558809/genetic-variation-of-mitochondrial-genes-among-echinococcus-multilocularis-isolates-collected-in-western-china
#17
Chuanchuan Wu, Wenbao Zhang, Bo Ran, Haining Fan, Hui Wang, Baoping Guo, Canlin Zhou, Yingmei Shao, Wei Zhang, Patrick Giraudoux, Jenny Knapp, Hao Wen, Ling Kuang, Jun Li
BACKGROUND: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a life-threatening human disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis transmitted between rodents and dogs/foxes in the Northern Hemisphere. The study aims to identify the genetic variation of the parasite in AE patients from China. METHODS: E. multilocularis isolates were collected from wild small mammals (n = 6) and AE patients (n = 56) from western China. Genomic DNA was extracted from different tissue samples including paraffin tissue blocks, ethanol fixed tissues and frozen tissues surgically removed...
May 30, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555485/cystic-echinococcosis-in-cattle-dairy-farms-spatial-distribution-and-epidemiological-dynamics
#18
Antonio Scala, Antonio Bosco, Anna Paola Pipia, Claudia Tamponi, Vincenzo Musella, Nicola Costanzo, Francesco Testoni, Antonio Montisci, Giovanni Mocci, Alessandro Longhi, Laura Tilocca, Laura Rinaldi, Giuseppe Cringoli, Antonio Varcasia
A study monitoring cystic echinococcosis (CE) in adult dairy cattle from intensive livestock farms located in the municipality of Arborea (Sardinia, Italy) was carried out between 2012 and 2015. A retrospective study of veterinary reporting forms of post-mortem inspections in 10 different Italian slaughterhouses was also performed. In addition, data on viability and molecular characterisation of hydatid cysts removed from parasitised organs in cattle was carried out. A geographical information system (GIS) with data layers of the study area and the geo-referenced points of 160 cattle farms was constructed...
May 29, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554898/alveolar-echinococcosis-presenting-with-simultaneous-cerebral-and-spinal-involvement
#19
Jian Cheng, Jinli Meng, Wanlin He, Xuhui Hui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552738/dumbbell-shape-hydatid-cyst-of-meckel-s-cave-extending-to-the-cerebellopontine-angle-and-middle-fossa-surgical-technique-and-outcome-of-a-rare-case
#20
Mousa Taghipour, Arash Saffarrian, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Negar Azarpira
BACKGROUND: Cerebral hydatid cyst is among the rare presentations of echinococcosis. Almost all the reported cases of the intracranial hydatid cysts are in cortical regions (parietal lobe in the territory of the middle cerebral artery) and all have been removed surgically using water jet dissection technique. However, in locations in which there are several neuronal structures such as cerebellopontine angle this method might not be applicable. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 62-year-old lady presented to our outpatient clinic with left sided facial deviation, inability to close the eyes and diplopia since a month before...
May 25, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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