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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350139/echinococcus-spp-tapeworms-in-north-america
#1
Jacey Roche Cerda, Danielle Elise Buttke, Lora Rickard Ballweber
Alveolar and cystic echinococcosis are emerging and reemerging in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The expansion of Echinococcus spp. tapeworms in wildlife host reservoirs appears to be driving this emergence in some areas. Recent studies suggest a similar phenomenon may be occurring in North America. We describe the context of Echinococcus spp. research in North America, with a specific focus on the contiguous United States. Although studies were conducted in the United States throughout the 1900s on various sylvatic and domestic Echinococcus spp...
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344690/-globalization-challenges-in-abdominal-surgery-for-migrants-and-refugees
#2
REVIEW
T J Wilhelm, S Post
The increasing number of refugees, migrants and international travelers influences the surgical spectrum of abdominal diseases. The aim of this review is to familiarize surgeons with specific diseases which are endemic in the patients' countries of origin and are likely to be diagnosed with increasing incidence in Germany. Low levels of hygiene in the countries of origin or refugee camps is associated with a high incidence of numerous infections, such as helminth infections, typhoid fever or amoebiasis, which if untreated can cause surgical emergencies...
January 17, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332106/single-center-experience-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-combined-lung-echinococcosis
#3
Shirtaev Bakhytzhan, Sundetov Mukhtar, Kassenbayev Ruslan, Voronin Denis, Ismailova Gulziya
OBJECTIVES: To compare results of surgical treatment and complications of patients with unilateral or bilateral thoracic and combined pulmonary echinococcosis. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis of a prospective study was conducted in the Department of Thoracic and Pediatric Surgery, Scientific Center of Surgery, Almaty, Kazakhstan among 598 patients with pulmonary echinococcosis, who had surgical treatment with various surgical methods, depending on the prevalence of echinococcosis, as follows: right lung in 357 (59...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329621/first-parasitological-histopathological-and-molecular-characterization-of-echinococcus-vogeli-rausch-and-bernstein-1972-from-cuniculus-paca-linnaeus-1766-in-the-cerrado-biome-mato-grosso-do-sul-brazil
#4
Fernanda Bittencourt-Oliveira, Paulo Teixeira, Alba Alencar, Rodrigo Menezes, Christiane Corrêa, Leandro Neves, Fernanda Almeida, Daniel Daipert-Garcia, José Roberto Machado-Silva, Rosângela Rodrigues-Silva
Polycystic echinococcosis (PE) is caused by Echinococcus vogeli metacestodes (larval stage) in Neotropical countries. E. vogeli is trophically-transmitted between predators bush dogs (Speothos venaticus) and prey pacas (Cuniculus paca). In Brazil, reported PE cases are restricted to the Amazon biome. In this study, metacestodes from a paca hunted in Mato Grosso do Sul state (Cerrado biome) were identified morphological and histopathological techniques and further confirmed by molecular testing (sequencing of cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene) for the first time...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320825/practical-algorisms-for-pcr-rflp-based-genotyping-of-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-lato
#5
Hye-Jin Kim, Tae-Soon Yong, Myeong Heon Shin, Kyu-Jae Lee, Gab-Man Park, Uktamjon Suvonkulov, Dmitriy Kovalenko, Hak Sun Yu
Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is a causative agent of cystic echinococcosis or cystic hydatid disease in humans and domestic and wild animals. The disease is a serious health problem in countries associated with poverty and poor hygiene practices, particularly in livestock raising. We introduced a practical algorism for genotyping the parasite, which may be useful to many developing countries. To evaluate the efficiency of the algorism, we genotyped 3 unknown strains isolated from human patients...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318110/cardio-abdominal-echinococcosis-a-man-with-a-visible-pulsating-abdominal-mass
#6
S Jainandunsing, L Oei, E H G Oei, R P J Budde, J Alsma, J J van Hellemond, A P W M Maat, C A M Schurink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317887/genotyping-echinococcus-granulosus-from-canine-isolates-in-ilam-province-west-of-iran
#7
Abdolhossein Dalimi, Morteza Shamsi, Afra Khosravi, Fatemeh Ghaffarifar
Background: Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) is one of the most common parasitic zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus worldwide. This study investigated genotype diversity of Echinococcus granulosus isolated from stray dogs and golden jackals in Ilam province, West of Iran. Methods: Adult worms were collected from the small intestine of the stray dogs and golden jackals from Ilam Province roads during 2012-2014. DNA was extracted from the adult worms and the partial mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit1 (nad1) was amplified by PCR then the products were digested by using HpaII, Rsa1, and Alu1 restriction enzymes...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317873/construction-and-identification-of-a-recombinant-plasmid-encoding-echinococcus-granulosus-oncosphere-antigen-eg95
#8
Nahideh Mazaheri, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Majid Pirestani, Farnoosh Jameie, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohamad Bagher Rokni
Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE), as a zoonotic disease cause to health threat and economic losses. Despite implemented control programs, few countries have been able to decrease or eliminate this infection. Vaccination of the intermediate host offers an additional strategy to control the parasite transmission and EG95 antigen is considered more than the others in the vaccine issue. According to the high protection induced by the EG95 recombinant vaccine, this study was designed to construct recombinant plasmid formulation of EG95 antigen...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300073/heart-echinococcosis-current-problems-and-surgical-treatment
#9
Nikolay Travin, Yury Shevchenko
We present historical, epidemiological, and statistical data on heart echinococcosis (also known as hydatid disease) and concomitant lesions of different organs, as well as a demonstration of its surgical management. The diagnosis of heart echinococcosis is based on review and identification of the cyst and we evaluate the various common diagnostic methods. Surgical treatment of patients with heart echinococcosis may require cardiopulmonary bypass or may be an off-pump procedure depending on the location of the cysts...
September 26, 2017: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286039/-principles-and-modern-trends-in-liver-echinococcosis-treatment
#10
G Kh Musaev, A S Fatyanova, V V Levkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279091/molecular-genotyping-of-echinococcus-granulosus-in-the-north-of-iraq
#11
Salam Jumaah Hammad, Serena Cavallero, Giovanni Luigi Milardi, Simona Gabrielli, Stefano D Amelio, Fatima Shihab Al-Nasiri
Cystic echinococcosis/hydatidosis is an important cosmopolitan zoonotic disease that causes large economic losses and human suffering. The larval stages of Echinococcus granulosus are the etiological agents of cystic echinococcosis that showed different genotypes in different regions in the world. The present study was aimed at the detection of E. granulosus strains circulating in two cities from north of Iraq (Kirkuk and Sulaimania). A total of 47 specimens of hydatid cysts were collected from patients and from different domestic intermediate hosts including cattle, sheep, goat and buffalo from slaughterhouses...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259936/human-cystic-echinococcosis-in-different-geographical-zones-of-iran-an-observational-study-during-1995-2014
#12
Mohammad Zeinali, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Bahman Rahimi Esboei, Hossain Erfani, Jamshid Pourmozafari, Mahboube Ghanbari
Background: Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease in Iran. This study aimed to show the trend of the confirmed disease from 1995 to 2014 and to describe some of epidemiological aspects of the disease in Iran. Methods: This retrospective study has been designed based on data collected from 8518 cases of CE among various geographical locations of Iran. Results: The average annual number of human cases of CE was 274...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259374/improved-experimental-model-of-hepatic-cystic-hydatid-disease-resembling-natural-infection-route-with-stable-growing-dynamics-and-immune-reaction
#13
Rui-Qing Zhang, Xin-Hua Chen, Hao Wen
AIM: To investigate a safer way to set up the disease model of cystic echinococcosis without contamination risk and develop a novel experimental murine model of hepatic cystic echinococcosis. METHODS: C57B/6 mice were injected with human protoscolices of three different concentrations via the portal vein. The mice were followed for 10 mo by ultrasound, gross anatomy, and pathological and immunological examinations. The protoscolex migration in the portal vein, hydatid cyst growth, host immune reaction, and hepatic histopathology were examined periodically...
December 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259149/comparison-of-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-mr-imaging-to-t1-mapping-in-characterization-of-hepatic-alveolar-echinococcosis
#14
Yibanu Abudureheman, Jian Wang, Wenya Liu
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (IVIM DW MRI) to T1 mapping for characterization of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE). MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighteen HAE patients confirmed by surgery were examined with conventional MRI, IVIM DWI MRI with 10 b values (range: 0-1,000 sec/mm²), and longitudinal relaxation time (T1) mapping. Diffusion coefficient (D), perfusion fraction (f), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*), and T1 relaxation time were calculated in solid components, perilesional components, and background liver parenchyma of HAE patients...
December 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258612/latent-class-models-for-echinococcus-multilocularis-diagnosis-in-foxes-in-switzerland-in-the-absence-of-a-gold-standard
#15
Belen Otero-Abad, Maria Teresa Armua-Fernandez, Peter Deplazes, Paul R Torgerson, Sonja Hartnack
BACKGROUND: In Europe the principal definitive host for Echinococcus multilocularis, causing alveolar echinococcosis in humans, is the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). Obtaining reliable estimates of the prevalence of E. multilocularis and relevant risk factors for infection in foxes can be difficult if diagnostic tests with unknown test accuracies are used. Latent-class analysis can be used to obtain estimates of diagnostic test sensitivities and specificities in the absence of a perfect gold standard...
December 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248836/a-case-report-primary-hydatid-cyst-of-uterus
#16
Farzad Kakaei, Touraj Asvadi Kermani, Kawsar Tarvirdizade
INTRODUCTION: Echinococcus granulosus is a parasitic tape worm. The definitive host is the dog and humans are one of its intermediate hosts. It involves organs such as liver and lungs. Uterus involvement is very rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We here report a case of primary uterus hydatid cyst that we had to remove her uterine on left ovary and fallopian tube. Generalized toxic shock and infection due to cyst rupture or organ dysfunction due to invasion (like our patient) or pressure of cyst are complications of this cyst...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246408/cystic-echinococcosis-in-jordan-a-review-of-causative-species-previous-studies-serological-and-radiological-diagnosis
#17
REVIEW
Nawal S Hijjawi, Ali M Al-Radaideh, Eman M Rababah, Khaled M Al-Qaoud, Kamal E Bani-Hani
Cystic echinococcosis (CE)/hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease which occur in human and herbivore animals as a result of infection with the larval stage of the taeniid cestode Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s. l.). In human, CE is a serious public health concern in many parts of the world including Jordan. The present review will cover CE causative agent: E. granulosus species/genotypes; life cycle of E. granulosus parasite, all published previous studies on CE in Jordan (humans, intermediate hosts, definitive host) as well as its diagnostic methods in human...
December 12, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232038/novel-techniques-and-preliminary-results-of-ex-vivo-liver-resection-and-autotransplantation-for-end-stage%C3%A2-hepatic-alveolar-echinococcosis-a-study-of-31-cases
#18
Xianwei Yang, Yiwen Qiu, Bin Huang, Wentao Wang, Shu Shen, Xi Feng, Yonggang Wei, Jianyong Lei, Jichun Zhao, Bo Li, Tianfu Wen, Lunan Yan
Ex vivo liver resection combined with autotransplantation is a recently introduced approach to cure end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE), which is considered unresectable by conventional radical resection due to echinococcal dissemination into the crucial intrahepatic conduits and adjacent structures. This manuscript aims discuss the manipulation details and propose reasonable indications for this promising technique. All patients successfully underwent liver autotransplantation with no intraoperative mortality...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228350/obstructive-hydrocephalus-due-to-intracerebral-alveolar-echinococcosis
#19
Onur Taydas, Ummugulsum Bayraktutan, Hayri Ogul, Mecit Kantarci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223937/echinococcosis-and-other-parasitic-infections-in-domestic-dogs-from-urban-areas-of-an-argentinean-patagonian-city
#20
Verónica Flores, Gustavo Viozzi, Gilda Garibotti, Daniela Zacharias, María Florencia Debiaggi, Surpik Kabaradjian
In urban populations of South America, dogs with free access to public areas represent a public health concern. The primary consequence of roaming dogs on human health is the transmission of infectious and parasitic diseases mainly through feces contamination. The main diseases likely to be transmitted are hydatidosis or echinococcosis, larva migrans, and giardiasis. In Argentina, hydatidosis ranks among the most prevalent zoonosis. Although it is considered a rural disease, the circulation of this parasite in urban areas has been documented...
2017: Medicina
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