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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930853/combined-resection-of-the-right-liver-lobe-and-retrohepatic-inferior-vena-cava-to-treat-hepatic-alveolar-echinococcosis-a-case-report
#1
Lei Du, Ling-Qiang Zhang, Li-Zhao Hou, Li Ren, Hai-Jiu Wang, Xin-Jian Guo, Haining Fan
RATIONALE: Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) is a potentially fatal and chronically progressive infestation that is caused by the multivesicular metacestode of Echinococcus multilocularis (EM). HAE behaves like a malignant tumor and has been referred to as "worm cancer." The main treatment method for HAE is surgical resection. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a 41-year-old Tibetan alveolar echinococcosis (AE) patient with AE lesions invading the right liver lobe and retrohepatic inferior vena cava (RHIVC)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924720/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cystic-and-alveolar-echinococcosis
#2
REVIEW
Michael N Thomas, S Zwingelberg, Martin Angele, Markus Guba, Jens Werner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919673/immunization-of-sheep-against-echinococcus-granulosus-with-protoscolex-tegumental-surface-antigens
#3
Manouchehr Valizadeh, Behzad Haghpanah, Alireza Badirzadeh, Elham Roointan, Shirzad Fallahi, Saber Raeghi
AIM: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) has potential economic effects to both animal products and human health. A vaccine to protect livestock against CE can be effective in reducing economic costs and increasing the livestock products. Protoscolex tegumental surface antigens (PSTSA) used to induce the production of specific antibodies against Echinococcus granulosus in sheep. The tegumental antigens were extracted from viable protoscolices by solubilization in sterile phosphate-buffered saline containing decanoyl-N-methylglucamine...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915832/dogs-as-victims-of-their-own-worms-serodiagnosis-of-canine-alveolar-echinococcosis
#4
C F Frey, N Marreros, S Renneker, L Schmidt, H Sager, B Hentrich, S Milesi, B Gottstein
BACKGROUND: Besides acting as definitive hosts for Echinococcus multilocularis, dogs can become infected by the larval form of this parasite and thereby develop life-threatening alveolar echinococcosis (AE). Although AE is a zoonotic disease, most therapeutic and diagnostic approaches have been developed for human patients. In dogs, AE is typically diagnosed in the advanced stage of the disease when the parasitic mass has already caused abdominal distension. At that stage, complete resection of the parasitic mass is often impossible, leaving a guarded prognosis for the affected dogs...
September 16, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915247/trends-and-correlates-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-chile-2001-2012
#5
Soledad Colombe, Eri Togami, Fkadu Gelaw, Marina Antillon, Rodrigo Fuentes, Daniel Martin Weinberger
Echinococcosis is a neglected zoonotic disease affecting over 1 million people worldwide at any given time. It is the leading cause of hospital admissions for parasitic diseases in Chile. We conducted a retrospective investigation of hospitalized cases to describe the epidemiological trends of echinococcosis in Chile. We also examined the potential environmental risk factors for echinococcosis hospitalization rates. Through nation-wide hospital discharge data, a total of 11,516 hospitalized patients with cystic echinococcosis were identified between January 2001 and December 2012...
September 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913591/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-cystic-echinococcosis-in-livestock-among-selected-pastoral-and-agro-pastoral-communities-in-uganda
#6
Leonard Omadang, Martin Chamai, Emmanuel Othieno, Andrew Okwi, Francis Olaki Inangolet, Francis Ejobi, Peter Oba, Michael Ocaido
A cross-sectional study was done from March 2013 to May 2014 to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis among selected pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Uganda. A structured questionnaire was administered to 381 respondents. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was done to find the relationship between knowledge about CE and factors such as age, sex, and level of education across all regions. The odds ratio and confidence interval were used to determine the difference in responses across regions...
September 14, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911334/slow-release-praziquantel-for-dogs-presentation-of-a-new-formulation-for-echinococcosis-control
#7
Bin Jiang, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Hao-Bing Zhang, Yi Tao, Le-Le Huo, Ni Liu
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is a serious, zoonotic, parasitic disease with worldwide distribution. According to a epidemiological survey in 2012 in China, there are 20,000 infected patients and more than 50 million people at the risk. As the dog is the main, definitive host, the Government of China encourages monthly praziquantel treatment of every dog. However, this is difficult to achieve in geographically challenging areas, such as the Tibetan plateau, where there are also many dogs without owners...
September 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906255/echinococcus-multilocularis-vesicular-fluid-inhibits-activation-and-proliferation-of-natural-killer-cells
#8
Anne-Pauline Bellanger, Valentine Mougey, Jean-Rene Pallandre, Houssein Gbaguidi-Haore, Yann Godet, Laurence Millon
Alveolar echinococcosis is a severe chronic helminthic disease that mimics slow-growing liver cancer. The immune evasion strategy of Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the impact of E. multilocularis vesicular fluid (Em-VF) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and on natural killer (NK) cells. PBMC and NK cells were exposed to Em-VF (1 µg/ml) during six days. The effect of Em-VF was assessed on CD69, viability and proliferation, and on and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), interferon γ (IFN-γ), interleukin 17 (IL-17) and interleukin 10, using flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively...
August 25, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903890/human-parasitic-diseases-in-bulgaria-2013-2014
#9
Iskra Rainova, Rumen Harizanov, Iskren Kaftandjiev, Nina Tsvetkova, Ognyan Mikov, Eleonora Kaneva
BACKGROUND: In Bulgaria, more than 20 autochthonous human parasitic infections have been described and some of them are widespread. Over 50 imported protozoan and helminthic infections represent diagnostic and therapeutic challenge and pose epidemiological risk due to the possibility of local transmission. AIMS: To establish the distribution of autochthonous and imported parasitic diseases among the population of the country and to evaluate their significance for the public health system...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902268/cystic-echinococcosis-in-south-america-a-call-for-action
#10
Carlos F Pavletic, Edmundo Larrieu, Eduardo A Guarnera, Natalia Casas, Pilar Irabedra, Ciro Ferreira, Julio Sayes, Cesar M Gavidia, Eduardo Caldas, Michael Laurence Zini Lise, Melody Maxwell, Marcos Arezo, Ana Maria Navarro, Marco A N Vigilato, Ottorino Cosivi, Marcos Espinal, Victor J Del Rio Vilas
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis, a parasitic zoonosis caused by a cestode of the family Taeniidae, species Echinococcus granulosus, is endemic in Argentina, Chile, Peru, Uruguay, and southern Brazil. This report presents CE figures for these five countries in 2009 - 2014 and proposes indicators to measure national control programs. Nearly 5 000 new CE cases were diagnosed annually in the five countries during the study period. The average case fatality rate was 2.9%, which suggests that CE led to approximately 880 deaths in these countries during the 6-year period...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898336/-analysis-of-human-cyst-echinococcosis-in-a-northern-chilean-region-from-2008-to-2012
#11
Andrea Soto-Aguilar, Tania Junod, Mauricio Campillay, Gerardo Acosta-Jamett, Carlos Landaeta-Aqueveque
BACKGROUND: The Coquimbo Region in Chile has the highest incidence of hydatidosis in central and northern Chile. AIM: To analyze the incidence of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) in the Coquimbo Region between 2008 and 2012. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Official records of reported cases were analyzed. The association of the location, age and sex with the presence/absence of CE was analyzed by means of logistic regressions. The incidence was reported as cases per 100,000 inhabitants...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894716/seroprevalence-of-igg-antibodies-against-echinococcus-granulosus-by-elisa-method-using-recombinant-agb-in-lorestan-province-western-iran
#12
Vahid Fallah Omrani, Soheila Rouhani, Bahram Kazemi, Seyyed Javad Seyyedtabaei, Farnaz Kheirandish, Maysam Rezapour
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease with global prevalence, which causes considerable health problems and economic losses throughout the world. The aim of this study was to assess the seroepidemiology of CE in Doroud City, Lorestan Province, Iran, considered a neglected endemic location. METHODS: An ELISA was performed using recombinant AgB from Apr to Jul 2015 in Lorestan Province, Western Iran. The commercial Hydatidosis IgG ELISA kit (Vircell SL, Granada, Spain) was used to confirm the obtained results...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894272/t-cell-tolerance-and-exhaustion-in-the-clearance-of-echinococcus-multilocularis-role-of-inoculum-size-in-a-quantitative-hepatic-experimental-model
#13
Chuanshan Zhang, Yingmei Shao, Shuting Yang, Xiaojuan Bi, Liang Li, Hui Wang, Ning Yang, Zhide Li, Cheng Sun, Liang Li, Guodong Lü, Tuerganaili Aji, Dominique A Vuitton, Renyong Lin, Hao Wen
The local immune mechanisms responsible for either self-healing or sustained chronic infection are not clear, in the development of E. multilocularis larvae. Here, we developed a suitable experimental model that mimics naturally infected livers, according to the parasite load. We demonstrated that local cellular immunity and fibrogenesis are actually protective and fully able to limit metacestode growth in the liver of low or medium dose-infected mice (LDG or MDG), or even to clear it, while impairment of cellular immunity is followed by a more rapid and severe course of the disease in high dose-infected mice (HDG)...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893673/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-as-salvage-treatment-for-pulmonary-echinococcus-granulosus-infection-with-acute-cyst-rupture
#14
Sören L Becker, Sebastian Fähndrich, Franziska C Trudzinski, Barbara Gärtner, Frank Langer, Torben K Becker, Robert Bals, Philipp M Lepper, Christian Lensch
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been successfully used for the treatment of patients with respiratory failure due to severe infections. Though rare, parasites can also cause severe pulmonary disease. Tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus give rise to the development of cystic structures in the liver, lungs and other organs. Acute cyst rupture leads to potentially life-threatening infection, and affected patients may deteriorate rapidly. We describe the case of a young woman from Bulgaria who was admitted to hospital with severe dyspnoea, progressive chest pain and haemoptysis...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886025/robust-phase-retrieval-based-x-ray-tomography-for-morphological-assessment-of-early-hepatic-echinococcosis-infection-in-rats
#15
Huiqiang Liu, Chuanshan Zhang, Xiaoxi Fan, Yingni Duan, Tiqiao Xiao, Guohao Du, Yanan Fu, Haigang Liu, Hao Wen
Propagation-based phase-contrast computed micro-tomography (PPCT) dominates the non-destructive, three-dimensional inner-structure measurement in synchrotron-based biomedical research due to its simple experimental setup. To quantitatively visualize tiny density variations in soft tissues and organs closely related to early pathological morphology, an experimental study of synchrotron-based X-ray PPCT combined with generalized phase and attenuation duality (PAD) phase retrieval was implemented with the hepatic echinococcosis (HE) infection rat model at different stages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877576/unusual-location-of-hydatid-cysts-report-of-two-cases-in-the-heart-and-hip-joint-of-romanian-patients
#16
Simona Gurzu, Marius Alexandru Beleaua, Emeric Egyed-Zsigmond, Ioan Jung
Hydatid cyst is usually located in the liver and lungs, rare cases showing localization in other organs or tissues. In the unusual location, echinococcosis is an excluding diagnosis that is established only after microscopic evaluation. Our first case occurred in a 67-year-old female previously diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis and hospitalized with persistent pain in the hip joint. The clinical diagnosis was tuberculosis of the joint, but the presence of the specific acellular membrane indicated a hydatid cyst of the synovial membrane, without bone involvement...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871077/treatment-of-hepatic-hydatid-cyst-in-a-7-year-old-boy-using-a-new-type-of-radiofrequency-ablation-electrode
#17
Evanthia Botsa, Ioanna Thanou, Ioannis Nikas, Loukas Thanos
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency ablation has been established as a treatment method for malignancies and some particular cystic lesions, especially in adults. Experience with radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of hydatid cysts, especially in children, is limited. CASE REPORT Although echinococcosis is rare, especially in children, we describe a 7-year-old boy with lung and liver cystic echinococcosis. Diagnosis was established by clinical history and imaging findings and confirmed by positive antiechinococcal antibodies...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870244/review-of-echinococcus-and-echinococcosis-part-a-edited-by-r-c-andrew-thompson-alan-j-lymbery-and-peter-deplazes
#18
Akira Ito
Thompson RCA, Deplazes P, Lymbery AJ, Editors. Echinococcus and Echinococcosis, Part A. Volume 95, Advances in Parasitology 95. Academic Press; 2017. 525 pages, ISBN 978-0-12-8114711 (hardcover); 9780128114728 (eBook).
September 4, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859963/in-vitro-effects-of-amino-alcohols-on-echinococcus-granulosus
#19
Congshan Liu, Jianhai Yin, Jian Xue, Yi Tao, Wei Hu, Haobing Zhang
Cystic echinococcosis is a globally distributed zoonotic disease, which is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcosus granulosus sensu lato. The chemotherapy of the disease is limited to the use of benzimidazoles. Recently, mefloquine and its analogues, aminoalcohol-carbazole, and some amino alcohol derivatives were reported to display inhibitory effects on parasites. Here, the activities of 130 amino alcohol compounds against E. granulosus were tested on protoscoleces and germinal cells at a concentration of 20μg/ml over a period of three days...
August 28, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838923/primary-renal-echinococcosis-with-gross-hydatiduria
#20
Archit Gupta, Jagdish Gupta, Bhavesh Devkaran, Arun Gupta
Renal echinococcosis is a rare disease. It is usually asymptomatic but may present with pain, lump or in rare cases hydatiduria. Diagnosis is mainly by imaging but serology is usually false negative. We present a patient of renal echinococcosis who presented with passing of grape skin like structures in urine and was diagnosed to be a case of renal echinococcosis on the basis of positive serology, ultrasonographic and CT findings. The patient underwent a nephroureterectomy and was given albendazole preoperatively and postoperatively...
August 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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