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Mehmet F Aydın, Emre Adıgüzel, Hakan Güzel
To determine the knowledge, attitudes, practices, and awareness for risk factors associated with cystic echinococcosis (CE) among animal breeders, nurses, nursing students, dietitians, food professionals and other public groups in Turkey. Methods: Questionnaire forms were prepared in compliance with the individuals' diversity, and a survey was created about agents, transmission modes, epidemiology, treatment, and risk factors for CE. The descriptive survey was performed between May 2015 and May 2016 by face-to-face communication...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Li Li, Bing Chen, Hongbin Yan, Yannan Zhao, Zhongzi Lou, Jianqiu Li, Baoquan Fu, Xingquan Zhu, Donald P McManus, Jianwu Dai, Wanzhong Jia
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte-based metacestode culture is an attractive method to study alveolar echinococcosis (AE), but it is limited by the relatively short lifespan of cultured hepatocytes in maintaining their normal function. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We describe a three-dimensional (3D) hepatic culture system developed from co-cultured hepatocytes and mesenchymal stem cells using a collagen scaffold to study the development of Echinococcus multilocularis larvae...
March 14, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Rong-Xing Zhou, Hai-Jie Hu, Wen-Jie Ma, Yong Jiang, Fu-Yu Li
RATIONALE: Pancreatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is an exceptionally rare disease; no more than 10 cases have been published to date. It is characterized as extensive local tissue infringement and destruction; thus, extended surgical resection, such as duodenopancreatectomy, is often needed to obtain a negative resection margin so as to improve the long-term outcome and prognosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A middle-aged Tibetan man was admitted due to a 16-year history of recurrent pain in the right upper abdomen...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kentaro Moriichi, Mikihiro Fujiya, Takuma Goto, Toshikatsu Okumura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Endoscopic Ultrasound
An Yong-de, Zhu Wen-Jun, Guo Ya-Min, Han Xiu-Min
Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus and E. multiltilocularis , which mainly violate the liver. And the surgical treatment is an important method to cure the disease at present. However, there are many surgical methods for the treatment of hepatic echinococcosis, and different surgeries with different indications and risks. With the standard of precision surgery and no tumor surgery, the surgical operation is more precise. The innovation of surgical methods makes the operation of curing complex hepatic echinococcosis become true...
February 26, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Tan En-Li, Wang Zheng-Feng, Zhou Wen-Ce, Li Shi-Zhu, Lu Yan, Ai Lin, Cai Yu-Chun, Teng Xue-Jiao, Zhang Shun-Xian, Dang Zhi-Sheng, Yang Chun-Li, Chen Jia-Xu, Hu Wei, Zhou Xiao-Nong, Tian Li-Guang
OBJECTIVE: To predict the monthly reported echinococcosis cases in China with the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model, so as to provide a reference for prevention and control of echinococcosis. METHODS: SPSS 24.0 software was used to construct the ARIMA models based on the monthly reported echinococcosis cases of time series from 2007 to 2015 and 2007 to 2014, respectively, and the accuracies of the two ARIMA models were compared. RESULTS: The model based on the data of the monthly reported cases of echinococcosis in China from 2007 to 2015 was ARIMA (1, 0, 0) (1, 1, 0)12 , the relative error among reported cases and predicted cases was -13...
February 26, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Giovanni Matera, Maria Teresa Loria, Cinzia Peronace, Tatiana Catanzariti, Pio Settembre, Aida Giancotti, Angelo G Lamberti, Giorgio S Barreca, Luisa Galati, Gessica Dodaro, Maria Mazzitelli, Alessio Strazzulla, Carlo Torti, Angela Quirino, Maria Carla Liberto, Alfredo Focà
We aim to investigate some of the pathogenetic mediators of the human echinococcosis and to obtain updated epidemiological findings on cases of echinococcosis in Calabria, Southern Italy. Echinococcosis diagnosis was based on imaging, serological investigations, and molecular assay. Indeed, real-time PCR indicated the presence of G2/G3 genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus complex. Regarding pathogenesis, a relevant novel tool of immune depression should be deemed the reduced level of serum MCP-1. Also, we found a previously unreported VEGF, possibly associated with neovascularization requested by the parasite cyst metabolism...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
Tuerhongjiang Tuxun, Shadike Apaer, Hai-Zhang Ma, Jin-Ming Zhao, Ren-Yong Lin, Tuerganaili Aji, Ying-Mei Shao, Hao Wen
Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake by alveolar echinococcosis (AE) liver lesions is a signal of their metabolic activity and of disease progression. In order to find a surrogate marker for this status, we investigated whether parameters of the peripheral and/or periparasitic immune responses were associated with metabolic activity in a prospective case-control study of 30 AE patients and 22 healthy controls. Levels of 18 cytokines and chemokines, representative of innate and adaptive immune responses, were assessed in plasma and peripheral cells of two groups of patients with (MAAE) and without (MIAE) metabolically active lesions, and in the liver of MAAE patients...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Recep Sade, Mecit Kantarci, Berhan Genc, Hayri Ogul, Betul Gundogdu, Omer Yilmaz
Objective: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a rare life-threatening parasitic infection. Computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging has the potential to provide both quantitative and qualitative information about the tissue perfusion characteristics. The purpose of this study was the examination of the characteristic features and feasibility of CTP in AE liver lesions. Material and Methods: CTP scanning was performed in 25 patients who had a total of 35 lesions identified as AE of the liver...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Matthieu Bastien, Amelie Vaniscotte, Benoit Combes, Gerald Umhang, Estelle Germain, Valentin Gouley, Alice Pierlet, Thomas Quintaine, Marie-Amelie Forin-Wiart, Isabelle Villena, Dominique Aubert, Franck Boue, Marie-Lazarine Poulle
The faeces of the red fox, Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus), and the domestic cat, Felis catus (Linnaeus), can be responsible for spreading eggs of Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 and oocysts of Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) into the environment. The accidental ingestion of these eggs or oocysts, through consumption of raw fruits or vegetables grown in or in contact with contaminated soil, can lead to alveolar echinococcosis (AE) or toxoplasmosis in humans. The present study provides a quantitative assessment of the faecal deposition by foxes and cats in kitchen gardens where fruits and vegetables are grown and its consequences for zoonosis transmission...
March 8, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
Xinmiao Rong, Meng Fan, Xiangdong Sun, Youming Wang, Huaiping Zhu
Echinococcosis has been recognized as one of the most important helminth zoonosis in China. Available models always consider dogs as the mainly definitive hosts. However, such models ignore the distinctions between domestic dogs and stray dogs. In this study, we propose a 10-dimensional dynamic model distinguishing stray dogs from domestic dogs to explore the special role of stray dogs and potential effects of disposing stray dogs on the transmission of Echinococcosis. The basic reproduction number R0 , which measures the impact of both domestic dogs and stray dogs on the transmission, is determined to characterize the transmission dynamics...
March 8, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences
Angela M Cadavid Restrepo, Yu Rong Yang, Donald P McManus, Darren J Gray, Tamsin S Barnes, Gail M Williams, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Archie C A Clements
BACKGROUND: Human echinococcoses are parasitic helminth infections that constitute a serious public health concern in several regions across the world. Cystic (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE) in China represent a high proportion of the total global burden of these infections. This study was conducted to predict the spatial distribution of human seropositivity for Echinococcus species in Xiji County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), with the aim of identifying communities where targeted prevention and control efforts are required...
March 9, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Yantao Wu, Li Li, Guoqiang Zhu, Wenhui Li, Nianzhang Zhang, Shuangnan Li, Gang Yao, Wenjun Tian, Baoquan Fu, Hong Yin, Xingquan Zhu, Hongbin Yan, Wanzhong Jia
BACKGROUND: Cervids used to be considered the only animal intermediate hosts of the G10 genotype of Echinococcus canadensis. Yaks are often herded in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China, where echinococcosis remains prevalent. However, no E. canadensis G10 cases have been recorded in yaks until now. The aim of our study was to identify causative agents of echinococcosis in yaks in this region. METHODS: Total genomic DNA was extracted from the germinal layer of one hydatid using a Blood and Tissue Kit...
March 9, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Vivek Wadhawa, Jigar Shah, Chirag Doshi, Jaydip Ramani, Ketav Lakhia, Divyesh Rathod, Reema Tavar, Jignesh Kothari
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe our experience with the presentation and management of cardiac echinococcosis and the outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study from January 2012 to September 2017 in 10 patients operated on for cardiac echinococcosis. There were 6 men and 4 women; the age range was 17-55 years (mean age, 35.9 ± 12.04 years). Among the 10 patients, 3 had multiple cysts and of the 7 patients with a solitary cyst, 5 cysts were in the left ventricle, 1 was in the right ventricle and 1 was in the interventricular septum...
March 7, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
D Halleux, I Juriens, J Delwaide, F Frippiat, P Léonard, N Bletard, O Detry
Cystic echinococcosis or hydatidosis, is a zoonosis caused by larval stages of Echinococcus granulosus that can be encountered in Belgium in patients originating from endemic countries. The liver is the most commonly affected organ. In this paper, the authors describe the multidisciplinary management of this pathology based on the clinical case of a patient suffering from a 28 cm cystic echinococcosis treated by combination of albendazole and liver resection. Several treatment options are described in the literature although there is currently no clear consensus on the management of this condition...
February 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
Muhammet Arslan, Bozkurt Gulek, Hasan Ulas Ogur, Fulya Adamhasan
Hydatid cyst (echinococcosis) is an endemic parasitic disease, usually encountered in those dealing with agriculture and livestock. The most frequently affected organs are the liver and the lungs. The disease is very rarely encountered in soft tissues. Diagnosing a soft-tissue hydatid cyst may be challenging unless the mass possesses the characteristic features of a hydatid cyst. Soft-tissue hydatid cysts may be treated percutaneously, just like those encountered in the liver. In this case report, we present the radiological findings and modified percutaneous aspiration-injection-reaspiration (PAIR) treatment of a hydatid cyst located in the posterior aspect of the thigh...
March 7, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Z Wen-Jun, H Xiu-Min, G Ya-Min
Echinococcosis is a severe zoonosis parasitic disease and mainly caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis . Because of the limitation of operation level, such as recurrence and death, the drug treatment is still the most important method in our country. Meanwhile, the annual number of drug treatments is far greater than surgical treatments. Drugs play a significant role in the preoperative reduction of lesions, reducing pain, extending the life of patients .This article reviews the status of animals treatment and clinical treatment of echinococcosis treated by the benzimidazole drugs and their new formulations, provides the basis for exploring the development direction of anti-echinococcosis drug treatment research...
June 27, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Xiangsheng Huang, Stefan Wiehr, Anna-Maria Wild, Patrick Voßberg, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Beate Grüner, Carsten Köhler, Peter T Soboslay
Cytostatic drugs used in cancer therapy were evaluated for their capacity to inhibit Echinococcus multilocularis metacestode growth and proliferation. Metacestode tissues were exposed in vitro to docetaxel, doxorubicin, navelbine, paclitaxel, and vorinostat for 1 week, then incubated in drug-free culture, and thereafter metacestodes were injected into the peritoneum of Meriones unguiculatus . Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET) were applied to monitor in vivo growth of drug-exposed E...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
Qinghua Zhao, Jin Luo, Qin Zhang, Tianyan Leng, Lihua Yang
RATIONALE: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a parasitic zoonosis caused by echinococcus larvae. Manifestations of the disease include a severe damage to the liver and lung. Damages to the mesentery, omentum, spleen, brain, heart, bone, thyroid, kidney, and uterus are rarely observed. Moreover, primary ovarian and retroperitoneal hydatid disease is extremely rare, and is easily ignored or misdiagnosed. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of CE in a 34-year-old female who presented with an adnexal mass detected by B-ultrasound...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Margherita Conchedda, Aldo Caddori, Alessia Caredda, Salvatore Capra, Gianfranco Bortoletti
To evaluate the relationship between cyst activity and calcification degree in cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans, 99 hepatic cysts at successive stages of involution, surgically excised from 72 Sardinian patients, have been analyzed. Cysts were classified into 4 groups according to calcification extent: CALC 0 (no calcification); CALC 1 (scattered punctate calcifications); CALC 2 (large coarse segmental/partial calcifications); CALC 3 (complete or nearly complete circumferential ring of calcification up to thick wall of osseous consistency/calcified content of cyst)...
February 24, 2018: Acta Tropica
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