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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#1
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276961/skill-clusters-of-ability-to-manage-everyday-technology-among-people-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment-dementia-and-acquired-brain-injury
#2
Camilla Malinowsky, Mandana Fallahpour, Maria Larsson Lund, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: In order to develop supporting interventions for people demonstrating problems ET use, a detailed level of description of strengths and deficits is needed. AIMS: To explore clusters of specific performance skill required when using ET, and to evaluate if and in what way such clusters are associated with age, gender, diagnosis, and types of ETs managed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of 661 data records from 203 heterogeneous samples of participants using the Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META) was used...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251243/-nonpharmacological-treatment-procedures-for-parkinson-s-disease
#3
K Witt, E Kalbe, R Erasmi, G Ebersbach
Nonpharmacological treatment strategies in Parkinson' disease include heterogeneous treatment modalities, such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, cognitive training and deep brain stimulation as well as noninvasive brain stimulation strategies. Even in the early stages of Parkinson's disease nonpharmacological interventions, such as active exercise therapy and speech therapy can be indicated taking the individual symptoms of a patient into account. Mild cognitive deficits are frequently detected in the course of the disease and progression of these disorders to dementia in the advanced stages of the disease is not uncommon...
March 1, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218595/effect-of-home-modification-interventions-on-the-participation-of-community-dwelling-adults-with-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#4
Susan Stark, Marian Keglovits, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review investigated the role of home modification interventions to improve participation outcomes for community-living adults and older adults. METHOD: Thirty-six articles met the inclusion criteria. The majority of the studies investigated older adult populations and used occupational therapists as interventionists. RESULTS: Strong evidence was found for home modification interventions to improve function for people with a variety of health conditions and for both single and multicomponent interventions that included home modifications to reduce the rate and risk of falls among older adults...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168056/the-influence-of-speech-language-hearing-therapy-duration-on-the-degree-of-improvement-in-poststroke-language-impairment
#5
Hitoshi Hayashi, Eisaku Okada, Yosuke Shibata, Mieko Nakamura, Toshiyuki Ojima
Background. The relevance of speech-language-hearing therapy (ST) duration to language impairment remains unclear. Objective. To determine the effect of ST duration on improvement in language impairment as a stroke sequela and to compare the findings with those for occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT). Methods. Data regarding patients with stroke sequelae who were registered in the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine database were analyzed. Propensity scores for ST, OT, and PT duration were calculated using logistic regression, followed by inverse probability weighting in generalized estimating equations to examine the odds ratio for improvement in the Functional Independence Measures scores for comprehension, expression, and memory...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009676/effectiveness-of-meaningful-occupation-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#6
Catherine Travers, Deborah Brooks, Sonia Hines, Maria O'Reilly, Mitchell McMaster, Wei He, Margaret MacAndrew, Elaine Fielding, Lina Karlsson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: The ability to participate in valued activities, whether for work, leisure or family, is an important aspect of personal identity. In dementia, progressive memory loss means that abilities developed over a lifetime begin to be lost as well, contributing to the loss of self and identity. Some studies have reported that activities or interventions tailored to be meaningful to the person with dementia (defined as any activity important to the individual) are more effective in addressing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving quality of life (QoL) than those that are not so tailored...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983551/benefits-of-occupational-therapy-in-dementia-patients-findings-from-a-real-world-observational-study
#7
Clément Pimouguet, Mléanie Le Goff, Jérôme Wittwer, Jean-François Dartigues, Catherine Helmer
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in developing non-pharmacological approaches in dementia. Clinical efficacy occupational therapy (OT) under routine care conditions has not been investigated yet. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the short-term effects of OT in patients with dementia; and to identify factors related to greater benefit. METHODS: Patients referred to OT were evaluated before starting a 3-month intervention and at 3 and 6 months later...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893087/targeting-functional-decline-in-alzheimer-disease-a-randomized-trial
#8
Christopher M Callahan, Malaz A Boustani, Arlene A Schmid, Michael A LaMantia, Mary G Austrom, Douglas K Miller, Sujuan Gao, Denisha Y Ferguson, Kathleen A Lane, Hugh C Hendrie
Background: Alzheimer disease results in progressive functional decline, leading to loss of independence. Objective: To determine whether collaborative care plus 2 years of home-based occupational therapy delays functional decline. Design: Randomized, controlled clinical trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01314950). Setting: Urban public health system. Patients: 180 community-dwelling participants with Alzheimer disease and their informal caregivers...
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758957/an-occupational-perspective-of-the-lived-experience-of-familial-dementia-caregivers-a-thematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#9
Emma K Hooper, Tracy Collins
Dementia caregiving is thought to have a negative impact on health and wellbeing. This critical review of qualitative literature explored the lived experience of familial dementia caregivers from an occupational therapy perspective. The method was informed by systematic review and qualitative research methodologies and was structured within the occupational dimensions framework of doing-being-becoming-belonging. A comprehensive search of major databases was undertaken which identified 484 studies on the topic; 14 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review...
October 6, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699792/evidence-based-occupational-therapy-for-people-with-dementia-and-their-families-what-clinical-practice-guidelines-tell-us-and-implications-for-practice
#10
Kate Laver, Robert Cumming, Suzanne Dyer, Meera Agar, Kaarin J Anstey, Elizabeth Beattie, Henry Brodaty, Tony Broe, Lindy Clemson, Maria Crotty, Margaret Dietz, Brian Draper, Leon Flicker, Meg Friel, Louise Heuzenroeder, Susan Koch, Sue Kurrle, Rhonda Nay, Dimity Pond, Jane Thompson, Yvonne Santalucia, Craig Whitehead, Mark Yates
BACKGROUND/AIM: The first evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines and Principles of Care for People with Dementia in Australia have been released. The Guidelines detail a number of important evidence-based recommendations for occupational therapists. The aim of this paper is (1) to provide an overview of Guideline development, and (2) to describe the evidence supporting a recommendation for occupational therapy. Common characteristics of effective occupational therapy programmes for people with dementia are described...
February 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664357/-robotics-and-improvement-of-the-quality-of-geriatric-care
#11
Éric Ettore, Emeline Wyckaert, Renaud David, Philippe Robert, Olivier Guérin, Frédéric Prate
New technologies offer innovations to improve the care of the elderly with Alzheimer's or and other forms of dementia. Robots, endowed with features such as monitoring of physiological parameters, cognitive training or occupational therapy, have appeared. They are not, however, intended to replace humans. Still underutilized, these robots are in development, much like the digital literacy of the elderly.
September 2016: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648106/use-and-adoption-of-an-assisted-cognition-system-to-support-therapies-for-people-with-dementia
#12
René F Navarro, Marcela D Rodríguez, Jesús Favela
The cognitive deficits in persons with dementia (PwD) can produce significant functional impairment from early stages. Although memory decline is most prominent, impairments in attention, orientation, language, reasoning, and executive functioning are also common. Dementia is also characterized by changes in personality and behavioral functioning that can be very challenging for caregivers and patients. This paper presents results on the use and adoption of an assisted cognition system to support occupational therapy to address psychological and behavioral symptoms of dementia...
2016: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618848/psychometric-properties-of-the-functional-capacity-card-sort-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#13
Catherine Verrier Piersol, E Adel Herge, Albert E Copolillo, Benjamin E Leiby, Laura N Gitlin
Caregiver appraisal influences care decisions and may place the person with dementia at risk. The Functional Capacity Card Sort (FCCS) was developed to determine caregiver appraisal. The objective of this study was to examine FCCS psychometric properties and utility, using data from a cross-sectional study (N = 86). The FCCS had moderately positive association (convergent validity) with a related activities of daily living (ADL) index (r = .43, p < .0001), weak negative association (discriminant validity) with an unrelated neuropsychiatric symptom index (r = -...
July 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509919/how-do-activating-interventions-fit-the-personal-needs-characteristics-and-preferences-of-people-with-dementia-living-in-the-community-and-their-informal-caregivers
#14
Netta Van't Leven, Jacomine de Lange, Anna-Eva Prick, Anne Margriet Pot
Psychosocial interventions aim to mitigate the serious consequences of dementia for the daily life of people with dementia and their informal caregivers. To deliver a person-centred approach, it is crucial to take needs, characteristics and preferences of people with dementia and their informal caregivers into account. However, these factors are generally not systematically checked in order to determine which intervention will be most appropriate. Additionally, little is known about which intervention suits which needs, characteristics and preferences...
August 10, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504691/non-pharmacological-approaches-to-reducing-negative-behavioral-symptoms-a-scoping-review
#15
Carin Wong, Natalie E Leland
The management of negative behavioral symptoms among residents with dementia is a challenge that nursing homes face in delivering quality care. This study examines evidence documenting non-pharmacological interventions that reduce negative behavioral symptoms among nursing home residents with dementia and the role occupational therapy practitioners have in this area. A scoping review was completed for intervention studies published from 1987 to 2014, targeting negative behavioral symptoms among nursing home residents above 60 years of age with dementia...
January 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432811/the-lived-environment-life-quality-model-for-institutionalized-people-with-dementia-le-lived-environment-life-quality-model-pour-intervenir-dans-les-%C3%A3-tablissements-de-soins-aupr%C3%A3-s-des-personnes-atteintes-d-une-d%C3%A3-mence
#16
Wendy Wood, Jenna L Lampe, Christina A Logan, Amy R Metcalfe, Beth E Hoesly
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a conceptual practice model that explicates ecological complexities involved in using occupation to optimize the quality of life of institutionalized people with dementia. PURPOSE: This study aimed to prepare the Lived Environment Life Quality Model, a dementia-specific conceptual practice model of occupational therapy in institutional facilities, for publication and application to practice. METHOD: Interviews and focus groups with six expert occupational therapists were subjected to qualitative content analysis to confirm, disconfirm, and further develop the model...
July 18, 2016: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394383/translation-of-the-care-of-persons-with-dementia-in-their-environments-cope-intervention-in-a-publicly-funded-home-care-context-rationale-and-research-design
#17
Richard H Fortinsky, Laura N Gitlin, Laura T Pizzi, Catherine Verrier Piersol, James Grady, Julie T Robison, Sheila Molony
BACKGROUND: Dementia is the leading cause of loss of independence in older adults worldwide. In the U.S., approximately 15 million family members provide care to relatives with dementia. This paper presents the rationale and design for a translational study in which an evidence-based, non-pharmacologic intervention for older adults with dementia and family caregivers (CGs) is incorporated into a publicly-funded home care program for older adults at risk for nursing home admission. METHODS: The 4-month Care of Persons with Dementia in their Environments (COPE) intervention is designed to optimize older adults' functional independence, and to improve CG dementia management skills and health-related outcomes...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338678/do-occupational-therapy-interventions-improve-quality-of-life-in-persons-with-dementia-a-meta-analysis-with-implications-for-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Akin Ojagbemi, Mayowa Owolabi
Occupational therapy (OT) interventions have shown positive effects on physical functioning in persons with dementia (PwD). However, their effect on quality of life (QoL) has been inconsistent in individual clinical trials. The present review appraises current evidence for the use of OT interventions in improving QoL of PwD. Records in the Cochrane Database, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature were searched for relevant citations, and PubMed was searched for in-process articles...
March 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291392/technology-for-dementia-attitudes-and-practices-of-occupational-therapists-in-providing-assistive-technology-for-way-finding
#19
Fiona Jarvis, Lindy Maxted Clemson, Lynette Mackenzie
PURPOSE: One of the many difficulties a person with dementia can experience is difficulty with way finding and subsequently getting lost in the community. Prescriptions of assistive technology are a key role for occupational therapists. This study aimed to describe the attitudes and practices of occupational therapists in recommending and using assistive technology for persons with dementia who have difficulties with way finding in the community. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to members of Occupational Therapy Australia NSW and included 25 items on demographics, frequency of use of assistive technology and assessment...
May 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245986/effectiveness-of-respite-care-in-supporting-informal-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#20
Sophie Vandepitte, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Koen Putman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Caroline Verdonck, Lieven Annemans
OBJECTIVE: Supporting informal caregivers of persons with dementia is considered to be an effective strategy for improving the well-being of caregivers and care recipients and for delaying nursing home placement. Although considerable research has been conducted to investigate the effectiveness of psychoeducational interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy, and occupational therapy, research into the effectiveness of respite care is rare. This systematic review aims to investigate the effectiveness of different types of respite care in supporting informal caregivers of persons with dementia...
June 1, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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