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ONSD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486629/effect-of-caudal-block-using-different-volumes-of-local-anaesthetic-on-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-in-children-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#1
B Lee, B-N Koo, Y S Choi, H K Kil, M-S Kim, J H Lee
Background: Caudal block is commonly administered for postoperative analgesia in children. Although caudal block with 1.5 ml kg -1 local anaesthetic has been reported to reduce cerebral oxygenation in infants, the effect of caudal block on intracranial pressure (ICP) in children has not been well investigated. Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) correlates with degree of ICP. This study aimed to estimate the effects of caudal block on ICP according to volume of local anaesthetic using ultrasonographic measurement of ONSD in children...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473274/alterations-in-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-according-to-cerebrovascular-disease-sub-groups
#2
Emre Gökcen, İbrahim Caltekin, Atakan Savrun, Hilal Korkmaz, Şeyda Tuba Savrun, Gökhan Yıldırım
BACKGROUND: ONSD (optic nerve sheath diameter) is a method used for indirect measurement of the increased intracranial pressure. In previous studies, the relation between the increased intracranial pressure and ONSD was analyzed in the patients suffering from cerebrovascular diseases (CVD). In our study, the patients suffering from ischemic CVD were categorized into 4 subgroups according to Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project classification (OCSP); the relationship between each group and ONSD, and the influence on each eye were analyzed...
April 30, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452990/relationship-between-the-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-and-lumbar-cerebrospinal-fluid-pressure-in-patients-with-normal-tension-glaucoma
#3
A Pircher, M Montali, J Berberat, L Remonda, H E Killer
PurposeTo investigate on the relationship between the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and the lumbar cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSF-p) in Caucasian patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG).Patients and methodsRetrospective analysis of medical records of patients with open-angle glaucoma in the period from 2005 to 2015 from the Ophthalmology Department, Cantonal Hospital Aarau, Switzerland was performed. A total of 38 patients (mean age 68.6±11.3 years, 21 females and 17 males) fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of NTG and underwent computed tomography (CT) of the orbit and lumbar puncture (LP)...
April 28, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431869/the-diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-the-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-on-ct-for-diagnosis-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#4
Murat Yesilaras, Turgay Yilmaz Kilic, Suveyda Yesilaras, Ozge Duman Atilla, Dilek Öncel, Mahmut Çamlar
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measured on non-contrast head computed tomography (CT) and the diagnosis and prognosis of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on emergency department (ED) patients. METHOD: We used a matched control group of patients with the same age and gender who were diagnosed in the ED with spontaneous SAH and who admitted to the ED with headache. Four emergency medicine attending physicians made the ONSD measurements...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421189/optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-ultrasound-evaluation-in-intensive-care-unit-possible-role-and-clinical-aspects-in-neurological-critical-patients-daily-monitoring
#5
M Toscano, G Spadetta, P Pulitano, M Rocco, V Di Piero, O Mecarelli, E Vicenzini
Background. The increase of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is a reliable, noninvasive sonographic marker of intracranial hypertension. Aim of the study was to demonstrate the efficacy of ONSD evaluation, when monitoring neurocritical patients, to early identify malignant intracranial hypertension in patients with brain death (BD). Methods. Data from ultrasound ONSD evaluation have been retrospectively analyzed in 21 sedated critical patients with neurological diseases who, during their clinical course, developed BD...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370143/inter-rater-reliability-of-sonographic-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-measurements-by-emergency-medicine-physicians
#6
Stephanie Oberfoell, David Murphy, Andrew French, Stacy Trent, David Richards
OBJECTIVES: To compare the degree of agreement of sonographic optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurements by ultrasound fellowship-trained and resident emergency medicine (EM) physicians. METHODS: Ten ultrasound fellowship-trained EM attending physicians from multiple institutions and 51 resident EM physicians at a single residency were enrolled to measure the ONSD using a computerized ruler on five separate still-frame sonograms of adult eyes that included the retrobulbar optic nerve...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284189/changes-in-intraocular-pressure-and-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-in-patients-undergoing-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-in-steep-45%C3%A2-trendelenburg-position
#7
Sebastian Blecha, Marion Harth, Felix Schlachetzki, Florian Zeman, Christiane Blecha, Pierre Flora, Maximilian Burger, Stefan Denzinger, Bernhard M Graf, Horst Helbig, Michael T Pawlik
BACKGROUND: To evaluate changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and intracerebral pressure (ICP) reflected by the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) in permanent 45° steep Trendelenburg position (STP). METHODS: Fifty-one patients undergoing RALP under a standardised anaesthesia. IOP was perioperatively measured in awake patients (T0) and IOP and ONSD 20 min after induction of anaesthesia (T1), after insufflation of the abdomen in supine position (T2), after 30 min in STP (T3), when controlling Santorini's plexus in STP (T4) and before awakening while supine (T5)...
March 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169341/noninvasive-and-quantitative-intracranial-pressure-estimation-using-ultrasonographic-measurement-of-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter
#8
Li-Juan Wang, Yan Yao, Liang-Shu Feng, Yu-Zhi Wang, Nan-Nan Zheng, Jia-Chun Feng, Ying-Qi Xing
We aimed to quantitatively assess intracranial pressure (ICP) using optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurements. We recruited 316 neurology patients in whom ultrasonographic ONSD was measured before lumbar puncture. They were randomly divided into a modeling and a test group at a ratio of 7:3. In the modeling group, we conducted univariate and multivariate analyses to assess associations between ICP and ONSD, age, sex, BMI, mean arterial blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure. We derived the mathematical function "Xing &Wang" from the modelling group to predict ICP and evaluated the function in the test group...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156180/diagnosis-of-optic-nerve-sheath-meningioma-during-optic-nerve-sheath-decompression
#9
Austin R Meeker, Melissa W Ko, Bryant P Carruth, Kenneth B Strumpf, Thomas A Bersani
Optic nerve sheath meningioma (ONSM) is typically diagnosed based on clinical suspicion and imaging characteristics and is most often treated with radiation. Historically, biopsy, optic nerve sheath decompression, and debulking surgeries have been avoided for fear of optic nerve vascular disruption and tumor spread into the orbit. This is a case of a 48-year-old man who presented with unilateral optic disc edema, declining visual acuity, and a visual field defect. Despite an initial improvement with acetazolamide, his vision subsequently worsened...
February 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118848/the-association-of-findings-on-brain-computed-tomography-with-neurologic-outcomes-following-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#10
Jeong-Am Ryu, Chi Ryang Chung, Yang Hyun Cho, Kiick Sung, Gee Young Suh, Taek Kyu Park, Young Bin Song, Joo-Yong Hahn, Jin-Ho Choi, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon, Seung-Hyuk Choi, Jeong Hoon Yang
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on imaging predictors of neurological outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR). We investigated the association of initial brain computed tomography (CT) findings with neurological outcomes following ECPR. METHODS: Between February 2005 and December 2015, a total of 42 patients who underwent brain CT scans within 48 h after ECPR were analyzed. Loss of the boundary between gray matter and white matter (LOB) or cortical sulcal effacement (SE), gray-to-white matter ratio (GWR), and optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) were measured on initial brain CT...
January 25, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072673/the-use-of-ultrasound-measured-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-to-predict-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-failure-in-children
#11
Sophia D Lin, Kimberly R Kahne, Amira El Sherif, Kevin Mennitt, David Kessler, Mary J Ward, Shari L Platt
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the accuracy of ultrasound-measured optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) as a screen for ventriculoperitoneal shunt failure. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled a convenience sample of children presenting to the ED with suspected shunt failure. The ONSD was measured by ultrasound and compared with computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI) and neurosurgical impression. We defined shunt failure on ultrasound as an ONSD greater than 4...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998455/-optic-nerve-subarachnoid-space-expansion-in-mr-imaging-a-etiology-study
#12
M Li, Q G Xu, J Q Wang, Y R Wang, J Zhao, S H Wei
Objective: To investigate spectrum of causes in optic nerve subarachnoid space (ONSS) expansion by using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Methods: A retrospective study. Twenty-six patients (46 eyes) with ONSS expansion and 20 healthy adults (40 eyes) were recruited in Neuro-ophthalmology Department of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January, 2014 to December, 2015. The diameters were measured on the optic nerve (OND) and optic nerve sheath (ONSD) 2.4 mm behind the globe. ONSS was calculated by the formula of (ONSD-OND)/2...
December 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981690/measuring-changes-in-the-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-in-patients-with-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-a-useful-diagnostic-supplement-to-spinal-tap-tests
#13
M Ertl, R Aigner, M Krost, Z Karnasová, K Müller, M Naumann, F Schlachetzki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) removal improves clinical symptoms of many patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of changes in the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) with patient responses to CSF removal. METHODS: Transorbital ultrasonography was performed to obtain ONSD measurements in 31 patients with iNPH before and after lumbar puncture. Measurements were obtained while patients were supine and upright...
March 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956677/effects-of-pneumoperitoneum-and-trendelenburg-position-on-intracranial-pressure-assessed-using-different-non-invasive-methods
#14
C Robba, D Cardim, J Donnelly, A Bertuccio, S Bacigaluppi, N Bragazzi, B Cabella, X Liu, B Matta, M Lattuada, M Czosnyka
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic approach is becoming increasingly frequent for many different surgical procedures. However, the combination of pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg positioning associated with this approach may increase the patient's risk for elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Given that the gold standard for the measurement of ICP is invasive, little is known about the effect of these common procedures on ICP. METHODS: We prospectively studied 40 patients without any history of cerebral disease who were undergoing laparoscopic procedures...
December 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906948/cervical-interlaminar-epidural-injections-at-high-doses-do-not-increase-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-on-a-long-term-basis
#15
Hyunzu Kim, Joo Hyeon O, Sung-Jun Hong, Keun Man Shin, JungChan Park, Sang Soo Kang
BACKGROUND: Cervical epidural injection (CEI) is widely performed on patients with pain originating from the cervical spine. Studies have shown a good relationship between the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and the intracranial pressure (ICP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the ONSD as a non-invasive surrogate marker of ICP after CEI. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Hospital and ambulatory pain clinic...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862614/transorbital-sonography-and-visual-outcome-for-the-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-optic-neuritis
#16
Piergiorgio Lochner, Maurizio A Leone, Klaus Fassbender, Roberto Cantello, Lorenzo Coppo, Raffaele Nardone, Gianni Zorzi, Martin Lesmeister, Cristoforo Comi, Francesco Brigo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transorbital sonography (TOS) is a promising tool to support the clinical diagnosis of optic neuritis (ON) by showing thickening of optic nerve. In this study, we aimed to define its specific role in follow-up of ON patients. METHODS: We measured ultrasonography parameters and visual acuity (VA) at presentation and after 1 year in 45 patients with newly diagnosed ON. Two vascular sonographers used B-mode TOS to evaluate mean optic nerve diameter (OND) and optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD)...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852525/optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-measurement-a-means-of-detecting-raised-icp-in-adult-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-neurosurgical-patients
#17
Mohd Raffiz, Jafri M Abdullah
INTRODUCTION: Bedside ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is emerging as a non-invasive technique to evaluate and predict raised intracranial pressure (ICP). It has been shown in previous literature that ONSD measurement has good correlation with surrogate findings of raised ICP such as clinical and radiological findings suggestive of raised ICP. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to find a correlation between sonographic measurements of ONSD value with ICP value measured via the gold standard invasive intracranial ICP catheter, and to find the cut-off value of ONSD measurement in predicting raised ICP, along with its sensitivity and specificity value...
January 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832503/estimating-the-accuracy-of-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-measurement-using-a-pocket-sized-handheld-ultrasound-on-a-simulation-model
#18
Garrett G R J Johnson, Frederick A Zeiler, Bertram Unger, Gregory Hansen, Dimitrios Karakitsos, Lawrence M Gillman
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) appears to be a promising, rapid, non-invasive bedside tool for identification of elevated intra-cranial pressure. With improvements in ultrasound technology, machines are becoming smaller; however, it is unclear if these ultra-portable handheld units have the resolution to make these measurements precisely. In this study, we estimate the accuracy of ONSD measurement in a pocket-sized ultrasound unit. METHODS: Utilizing a locally developed, previously validated model of the eye, ONSD was measured by two expert observers, three times with two machines and on five models with different optic nerve sheath sizes...
December 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826646/diagnostic-value-of-neuro-ophthalmological-signs-in-cases-of-chiari-i-malformation
#19
Inessa Bekerman, Tal Sigal, Itzhak Kimiagar, Zina Evy Almer, Michael Vaiman
INTRODUCTION: Our purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic value of measuring diameters of optic nerve sheath (ONSD), presence/absence of papilledema, tortuosity of the optic nerve, flattening of the posterior sclera, and intraocular protrusion of the prelaminar optic nerve for intracranial pressure assessment in cases of Chiari I malformation. METHODS: In a retrospective study, MRI data of 37 consecutive pediatric patients with Chiari malformation and data of 400 patients without intracranial pathology were compared and analyzed...
December 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776491/the-incidence-of-increased-icp-in-icu-patients-with-non-traumatic-coma-as-diagnosed-by-onsd-and-ct-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Nawal Salahuddin, Alaa Mohamed, Nadia Alharbi, Hamad Ansari, Khaled J Zaza, Qussay Marashly, Iqbal Hussain, Othman Solaiman, Torbjorn V Wetterberg, Khalid Maghrabi
BACKGROUND: Unexplained coma after critical illness can be multifactorial. We evaluated the diagnostic ability of bedside Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter [ONSD] as a screening test for non-traumatic radiographic cerebral edema. METHODS: In a prospective study, mixed medical-surgical intensive care units [ICU] patients with non-traumatic coma [GCS < 9] underwent bedside ultrasonographic ONSD measurements. Non-traumatic radiographic cerebral edema [NTRCE] was defined as > 5 mm midline shift, cisternal, sulcal effacement, or hydrocephalus on CT...
October 25, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
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