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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226720/memantine-induces-apoptosis-and-inhibits-cell-cycle-progression-in-lncap-prostate-cancer-cells
#1
G Albayrak, E Konac, A U Dikmen, C Y Bilen
Deregulated cancer cell metabolism plays an important role in cancer progression. Cancer cell metabolism has been in the centre of attention in therapeutical cancer cell targeting. Repurposed chemical agents, such as metformin and aspirin, have been studied extensively as preventive and therapeutic agents. Metformin is Food and Drug administration (FDA)-approved antidiabetic drug cheaper than other chemotherapeutic agents that were shown to have anticancer effects. Memantine is an FDA-approved Alzheimer's drug...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221165/angiogenesis-in-adenosquamous-cancer-of-pancreas
#2
Nicola Silvestris, Katia Danza, Vito Longo, Oronzo Brunetti, Livia Fucci, Antonella Argentiero, Angela Calabrese, Ivana Cataldo, Roberto Tamma, Domenico Ribatti, Stefania Tommasi
Adenosquamous carcinoma of the pancreas (ASCP) is an uncommon variant of exocrine pancreatic malignancies, characterized by a histological admixture of adenomatous and squamous cell elements. This cancer is characterized by a poorly differentiated histology and a poorer clinical outcome compared to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Unlike PDAC, that is characterized by a low microvascular density (MVD) and collapsed vasculature, no data are available about angiogenesis in ASPC. Immunohistochemical evaluation of MVD and trypatse-positive mast cells (MCs) were performed on a single case of ASCP compared to PDAC...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196658/estrogen-receptor-1-esr1-regulates-vegfa-in-adipose-tissue
#3
L A Fatima, R S Campello, R de Souza Santos, H S Freitas, A P Frank, U F Machado, D J Clegg
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) is a key factor in the regulation of angiogenesis in adipose tissue. Poor vascularization during adipose tissue proliferation causes fibrosis and local inflammation, and is associated with insulin resistance. It is known that 17-beta estradiol (E2) regulates adipose tissue function and VEGFA expression in other tissues; however, the ability of E2 to regulate VEGFA in adipose tissue is currently unknown. In this study, we showed that, in 3T3-L1 cells, E2 and the estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) agonist PPT induced VEGFA expression, while ESR1 antagonist (MPP), and selective knockdown of ESR1 using siRNA decreased VEGFA and prevented the ability of E2 to modulate its expression...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172931/hif2a-germline-mutation-induced-polycythemia-in-a-patient-with-vhl-associated-renal-cell-carcinoma
#4
Qiuli Liu, Dali Tong, Gaolei Liu, Yuting Yi, Dianzheng Zhang, Jun Zhang, Yao Zhang, Zaoming Huang, Yaoming Li, Rongrong Chen, Yanfang Guan, Xin Yi, Jun Jiang
In this study, we report here a rare case of polycythemia and cRCC in the same patient, which may be helpful in understanding clinical features and molecular mechanisms underlying VHL-mutation-associated cRCC and polycythemia induced by germline mutation of HIF2A. Firstly, we identified a rare but well studied germline mutation resulting in polycythemia in HIF2A (c.1609G>A, p.Gly537Trp) in the blood of the patient and his daughter. Meanwhile, we identified an inactivating VHL mutation (c.391A>T, p.N131Y), as well as TP53 mutation(c...
November 27, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162510/unravelling-the-link-between-embryogenesis-and-cancer-metastasis
#5
Kanisha Shah, Shanaya Patel, Sheefa Mirza, Rakesh M Rawal
PURPOSE: Cancer as opposed to embryonic development is characterized by dysregulated, uncontrolled and clonal growth of cells. Inspite of that they share certain commonality in gene expression patterns and a number of cellular & molecular features. Consequently, in the present study we aimed to evaluate the role of a definite set of genes in fetal liver, primary liver cancers and metastatic liver tissue. METHODS: The relative expression of fourteen candidate genes obtained by data mining and manual curation of published data (CXCL12, CXCR4, CK7, CDH1, CTNNB1, CLDN4, VEGFA, HIF1A, MMP9, p53, OPN, CDKN2A, TGFBR2, MUC16, β-actin) were performed on 62 tissues (32 liver metastasis tissues and 30 primary Liver cancer tissues), Fetal liver tissues (below and above 20weeks of gestation) and 2 sets of control samples by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR)...
November 18, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152197/selection-of-reference-genes-for-qrt-pcr-and-expression-analysis-of-high-altitude-related-genes-in-grassland-caterpillars-lepidoptera-erebidae-gynaephora-along-an-altitude-gradient
#6
Li Zhang, Qi-Lin Zhang, Xiao-Tong Wang, Xing-Zhuo Yang, Xiao-Peng Li, Ming-Long Yuan
Changes in gene expression patterns can reflect the adaptation of organisms to divergent environments. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) is an important tool for ecological adaptation studies at the gene expression level. The quality of the results of qRT-PCR analysis largely depends on the availability of reliable reference genes (RGs). To date, reliable RGs have not been determined for adaptive evolution studies in insects using a standard approach. Here, we evaluated the reliability of 17 candidate RGs for five Gynaephora populations inhabiting various altitudes of the Tibetan Plateau (TP) using four independent (geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and the deltaCt method) and one comprehensive (RefFinder) algorithms...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109451/sim2l-attenuates-resistance-to-hypoxia-and-tumor-growth-by-transcriptional-suppression-of-hif1a-in-uterine-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Kanako Nakamura, Masayuki Komatsu, Fumiko Chiwaki, Takashi Takeda, Yusuke Kobayashi, Kouji Banno, Daisuke Aoki, Teruhiko Yoshida, Hiroki Sasaki
Despite chemoradiotherapy being one of the most important modalities in advanced cervical cancer, there is a lack of both usable biomarkers to predict treatment outcome and of knowledge about the mechanism of refractoriness to the therapy. Here we identified a transcriptional factor Single-minded homolog 2 (SIM2) as an independent predictive biomarker for uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CvSCC). The retrospective study showed that high expression level of SIM2 was correlated to good survival in CvSCC patients...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095068/pro-angiogenic-gene-expression-is-associated-with-better-outcome-on-sunitinib-in-metastatic-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#8
Benoit Beuselinck, Annelies Verbiest, Gabrielle Couchy, Sylvie Job, Aurélien de Reynies, Clément Meiller, Maarten Albersen, Virginie Verkarre, Evelyne Lerut, Arnaud Méjean, Jean-Jacques Patard, Brigitte Laguerre, Nathalie Rioux-Leclercq, Patrick Schöffski, Stéphane Oudard, Jessica Zucman-Rossi
OBJECTIVES: Clear-cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC) are characterized by hyper-vascularization and can respond to vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitors such as sunitinib. We aimed to study the predictive value of the expression of genes in the hypoxia induced factor (HIF) - vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) - VEGFR-pro-angiogenic pathway in metastatic ccRCC (m-ccRCC) patients treated with sunitinib and the correlation between the expression of these genes and the molecular ccrcc-classification, the expression of genes involved in the immune-suppressive microenvironment and Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) - and Polybromo-1 (PBRM1) - mutational status...
November 2, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074488/endothelial-hif-2%C3%AE-contributes-to-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-by-inducing-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#9
Haiyang Tang, Aleksandra Babicheva, Kimberly M McDermott, Yali Gu, Ramon J Ayon, Shanshan Song, Ziyi Wang, Akash Gupta, Tong Zhou, Xutong Sun, Swetaleena Dash, Zilu Wang, Angela Balistrieri, Qiu Yu Zheng, Arlette G Cordery, Ankit A Desai, Franz Rischard, Zain Khalpey, Jian Wang, Stephen M Black, Joe G N Garcia, Ayako Makino, Jason X-J Yuan
Pulmonary vascular remodeling characterized by concentric wall thickening and intraluminal obliteration contributes to the elevated PVR in patients with IPAH. Here we report that increased HIF-2α in lung vascular endothelial cells (LVEC) under normoxic conditions is involved in the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) by inducing endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), which subsequently results in vascular remodeling and occlusive lesions. We observed significant EndMT and markedly increased expression of SNAI, an inducer of EndMT, in LVEC from IPAH patients and PH animals compared with controls...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049716/bone-marrow-derived-cell-recruitment-to-the-neurosensory-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cell-layer-following-subthreshold-retinal-phototherapy
#10
Sergio Caballero, David L Kent, Nilanjana Sengupta, Sergio Li Calzi, Lynn Shaw, Eleni Beli, Leni Moldovan, James M Dominguez, Ramana S Moorthy, Maria B Grant
Purpose: We investigated whether subthreshold retinal phototherapy (SRPT) was associated with recruitment of bone marrow (BM)-derived cells to the neurosensory retina (NSR) and RPE layer. Methods: GFP chimeric mice and wild-type (WT) mice were subjected to SRPT using a slit-lamp infrared laser. Duty cycles of 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% (0.1 seconds, 250 mW, spot size 50 μm) with 30 applications were placed 50 to 100 μm from the optic disc. In adoptive transfer studies, GFP+ cells were given intravenously immediately after WT mice received SRPT...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028836/affected-pathways-and-transcriptional-regulators-in-gene-expression-response-to-an-ultra-marathon-trail-global-and-independent-activity-approaches
#11
Maria Maqueda, Emma Roca, Daniel Brotons, Jose Manuel Soria, Alexandre Perera
Gene expression (GE) analyses on blood samples from marathon and half-marathon runners have reported significant impacts on the immune and inflammatory systems. An ultra-marathon trail (UMT) represents a greater effort due to its more testing conditions. For the first time, we report the genome-wide GE profiling in a group of 16 runners participating in an 82 km UMT competition. We quantified their differential GE profile before and after the race using HuGene2.0st microarrays (Affymetrix Inc., California, US)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987423/microrna-122-regulated-by-grlh2-protects-livers-of-mice-and%C3%A2-patients-from-ethanol-induced-liver-disease
#12
Abhishek Satishchandran, Aditya Ambade, Sitara Rao, Ying-Chao Hsueh, Arvin Iracheta-Vellve, David Tornai, Patrick Lowe, Benedek Gyongyosi, Jia Li, Donna Catalano, Li Zhong, Karen Kodys, Jun Xie, Shashi Bala, Guangping Gao, Gyongyi Szabo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic, excessive alcohol consumption leads to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) characterized by steatosis, inflammation, and eventually cirrhosis. The hepatocyte specific microRNA 122 (MIR122) regulates hepatocyte differentiation and metabolism. We investigated whether an alcohol-induced decrease in level of MIR122 contributes to development of ALD. METHODS: We obtained liver samples from 12 patients with ALD and cirrhosis and 9 healthy individuals (controls) and analyzed them by histology and immunohistochemistry...
October 4, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985553/lncrnas-hif1a-as2-facilitates-the-up-regulation-of-hif-1%C3%AE-by-sponging-to-mir-153-3p-whereby-promoting-angiogenesis-in-huvecs-in-hypoxia
#13
Lingjuan Li, Mingyue Wang, Zhujun Mei, Wenfeng Cao, Yun Yang, Yanmei Wang, An Wen
Angiogenesis serves as an important protective mechanism against ischemic stroke, because angiogenesis promotes the generation of collateral circulation and consequently improves the blood supply to cerebral infraction areas. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which can act as a competing endogenous RNA, mediate protein-coding gene expression by sponging miRNA. Based on previous studies, the present study hypothesized that lncRNAs HIF1A-AS2 by sponging to miR-153-3p might regulate expression of HIF-1α and its down-stream targets, thereby influencing angiogenesis in hypoxia...
October 3, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976491/genetic-variants-and-hamstring-injury-in-soccer-an-association-and-validation-study
#14
Jon Larruskain, David Celorrio, Irantzu Barrio, Adrian Odriozola, Susana M Gil, Juan Ramon Fernandez-Lopez, Raul Nozal, Isusko Ortuzar, Jose A Lekue, Jose M Aznar
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with non-contact hamstring muscle injuries in elite soccer players, and to create and validate a model to assess the risk of hamstring injury. METHODS: 107 elite male outfield players were prospectively followed for 6 seasons. Players were genotyped for 37 SNPs previously investigated in relation to musculoskeletal injuries. The association of SNPs, previous injury, age, level of play, position and anthropometric data with 129 hamstring injuries (413 observations) was investigated in the discovery phase (2010-2015), and a multivariable Cox-frailty model was created using forward selection...
October 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949371/comparison-of-hif1a%C3%A2-as1-and-hif1a%C3%A2-as2-in-regulating-hif%C3%A2-1%C3%AE-and-the-osteogenic-differentiation-of-pdlcs-under-hypoxia
#15
Dongru Chen, Liping Wu, Lu Liu, Qimei Gong, Jinxuan Zheng, Caixia Peng, Jianqing Deng
Hypoxia‑inducible factor‑1α (HIF‑1α) is essential for regulating the osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs). The regulatory mechanism of HIF‑1α transcription is still not clear. Recently, two long non‑coding RNAs, HIF1A antisense RNA 1 (HIF1A‑AS1) and HIF1A antisense RNA 2 (HIF1A‑AS2), were found to regulate HIF‑1α mRNA, but the regulatory mechanisms among HIF‑1α, HIF1A‑AS1 and HIF1A‑AS2 have not been well studied. We hypothesized that HIF1A‑AS1 and HIF1A‑AS2 play important roles in the osteogenic differentiation of PDLCs by regulating HIF‑1α...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946548/elevated-serum-level-of-lncrna-hif1a-as1-as-a-novel-diagnostic-predictor-for-worse-prognosis-in-colorectal-carcinoma
#16
Wanjun Gong, Ming Tian, Honggen Qiu, Zhenhua Yang
To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy and prognostic value of serum long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HIF 1alpha-antisense RNA 1 (HIF1A-AS1) in patients with colorectal carcinoma (CRC). We obtained serum samples from 151 CRC patients and 160 health controls. Serum level of HIF1A-AS1 was detected via real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was conducted to determine the diagnostic value of HIF1A-AS1. Then HIF1A-AS1 in CRC was divided into high- and low-expression groups, and the associations of the HIF1A-AS1 serum level with clinicopathological features and prognosis were analyzed...
September 1, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944843/microarray-and-bioinformatics-analyses-of-gene-expression-profiles-in-balb-c-murine-macrophage-polarization
#17
Li Jiang, Xueqin Li, Yingying Zhang, Mengying Zhang, Zongsheng Tang, Kun Lv
Macrophages possess the hallmark feature of plasticity, allowing them to undergo a dynamic transition between M1 and M2 polarized phenotypes. The aim of the present study was to screen for differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) that were associated with BALB/c murine macrophage polarization. The transcription profiles of three M1 and three M2 samples were obtained using microarray analysis. Based on the threshold of fold‑change >2.0 and P‑value <0.05, a total of 1,253 DEGs were identified, of which 696 were upregulated and 557 downregulated in M1 macrophages compared with M2 macrophages...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928287/hif-3%C3%AE-promotes-metastatic-phenotypes-in-pancreatic-cancer-by-transcriptional-regulation-of-the-rhoc-rock1-signaling-pathway
#18
Xianfei Zhou, Xingjun Guo, Meiyuan Chen, Chencheng Xie, Jianxin Jiang
Hypoxia contributes to pancreatic cancer progression and promotes its growth and invasion. Previous research principally focused on hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha and HIF-2α (HIF1A and EPAS1) as the major hypoxia-associated transcription factors in pancreatic cancer. However, the role of HIF-3α (HIF3A) has not been investigated. Therefore, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and HIF-3α expression levels were measured under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. In addition, HIF-3α expression was measured in human pancreatic cancer tissue specimens and the impact of altered HIF-3α expression on cell invasion and migration was investigated in vitro and in vivo, as well as the underlying mechanisms...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915065/targeting-hif-1%C3%AE-pdk1-axis-by-dichloroacetate-dca-suppresses-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis
#19
Justin Goodwin, Hyunsung Choi, Meng-Hsiung Hsieh, Michael L Neugent, Jung-Mo Ahn, Heather N Hayenga, Pankaj K Singh, David B Shackelford, In-Kyu Lee, Vladimir Shulaev, Shanta Dhar, Norihiko Takeda, Jung-Whan Kim
RATIONALE: Hypoxia has long been implicated in the pathogenesis of fibrotic diseases. Aberrantly activated myofibroblasts are the primary pathological driver of fibrotic progression, yet how various microenvironmental influences such as hypoxia contribute to their sustained activation and differentiation is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: As a defining feature of hypoxia is its impact on cellular metabolism, we sought to investigate how hypoxia-induced metabolic reprogramming affects myofibroblast differentiation and fibrotic progression, and to test the pre-clinical efficacy of targeting glycolytic metabolism for the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901473/phd3-affects-gastric-cancer-progression-by-negatively-regulating-hif1a
#20
Ying-Jie Xia, Xiao-Ting Jiang, Shi-Bin Jiang, Xu-Jun He, Jun-Gang Luo, Zheng-Chuang Liu, Liang Wang, Hou-Quan Tao, Jian-Zhong Chen
Prolyl hydroxylase 3 (PHD3) is widely accepted as a tumor suppressor; however, the expression of PHD3 in various cancer types remains controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the association between PHD3 expression and the clinicopathological features of gastric cancer using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. The effects of PHD3 in gastric cancer cell lines were assessed using western blot analysis and transwell migration assays. The present results revealed that PHD3 expression was increased in adjacent non‑cancerous tissue compared with in gastric cancer tissue, and PHD3 overexpression was correlated with the presence of well‑differentiated cancer cells, early cancer stage classification and the absence of lymph node metastasis...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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