keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bone niche

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933777/generation-and-use-of-a-humanized-bone-marrow-ossicle-niche-for-hematopoietic-xenotransplantation-into-mice
#1
Andreas Reinisch, David Cruz Hernandez, Katharina Schallmoser, Ravindra Majeti
Xenotransplantation is frequently used to study normal and malignant hematopoiesis of human cells. However, conventional mouse xenotransplantation models lack essential human-specific bone-marrow (BM)-microenvironment-derived survival, proliferation, and self-renewal signals for engraftment of normal and malignant blood cells. As a consequence, many human leukemias and other hematologic disorders do not robustly engraft in these conventional models. Here, we describe a complete workflow for the generation of humanized ossicles with an accessible BM microenvironment that faithfully recapitulates normal BM niche morphology and function...
October 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930556/osteoimmunology-the-nexus-between-bone-and-immune-system
#2
Hamid Y Dar, Zaffar Azam, Rajaneesh Anupam, Rajesh K Mondal, Rupesh K Srivastava
Osteoimmunology is an interdisciplinary research field which combines the existing fields of osteology (bone biology) and immunology under one umbrella. The observation that contributed enormously to the emergence of osteoimmunology as an independent field of investigation was the enhanced bone loss in various inflammatory bone diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and periodontitis. T helper cells (Th1, Th2, Treg and Th17) along with various other immune cells (B cells, DC, macrophages etc.) are actively involved in bone homeostasis...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922986/attenuation-of-doxorubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-by-an-indole-based-natural-compound-3-3-diindolylmethane-dim-through-activation-of-nrf2-are-signaling-pathways-and-inhibiting-apoptosis
#3
Subhadip Hajra, Abhishek Basu, Somnath Singha Roy, Arup Ranjan Patra, Sudin Bhattacharya
The most crucial complication related to doxorubicin (DOX) therapy is nonspecific cytotoxic effect on healthy normal cells. The clinical use of this broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic agent is restricted due to development of severe form of cardiotoxicity, myelosuppression and genotoxicity which interfere with therapeutic schedule, compromise treatment outcome and may lead to secondary malignancy. 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) is a naturally occurring plant alkaloid formed by the hydrolysis of indolylmethyl glucosinolate (glucobrassicin)...
September 18, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916148/chemokine-receptor-directed-imaging-and-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Andreas K Buck, Antje Stolzenburg, Heribert Hänscheid, Andreas Schirbel, Katharina Lückerath, Margret Schottelius, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Constantin Lapa
The C - X - C chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its natural ligand CXCL12 are key factors in the process of cell migration, homing of hematopoietic stem cells to the bone marrow, and represent important mediators of angiogenesis and cell proliferation. The CXCR4/CXCL12 interplay can be disrupted by CXCR4 antagonists such as Plerixafor which are already in daily clinical use, i.e. for mobilization and subsequent harvesting of hematopoietic progenitor cells and stem cell transplantation. In a pathological condition, involvement in the process of metastasis and homing of cancer cells to a protective niche has been described, making CXCR4 an attractive target for imaging and treatment of malignant diseases...
September 12, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915615/expression-of-cd38-in-myeloma-bone-niche-a-rational-basis-for-the-use-of-anti-cd38-immunotherapy-to-inhibit-osteoclast-formation
#5
Federica Costa, Denise Toscani, Antonella Chillemi, Valeria Quarona, Marina Bolzoni, Valentina Marchica, Rosanna Vescovini, Cristina Mancini, Eugenia Martella, Nicoletta Campanini, Chiara Schifano, Sabrina Bonomini, Fabrizio Accardi, Alberto L Horenstein, Franco Aversa, Fabio Malavasi, Nicola Giuliani
It is known that multiple myeloma (MM) cells express CD38 and that a recently developed human anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody Daratumumab mediates myeloma killing. However, the expression of CD38 and other functionally related ectoenzymes within the MM bone niche and the potential effects of Daratumumab on bone cells are still unknown. This study firstly defines by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry the expression of CD38 by bone marrow cells in a cohort of patients with MM and indolent monoclonal gammopathies...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893838/biology-of-bone-the-vasculature-of-the-skeletal-system
#6
Emma C Watson, Ralf H Adams
Blood vessels are essential for the distribution of oxygen, nutrients, and immune cells, as well as the removal of waste products. In addition to this conventional role as a versatile conduit system, the endothelial cells forming the innermost layer of the vessel wall also possess important signaling capabilities and can control growth, patterning, homeostasis, and regeneration of the surrounding organ. In the skeletal system, blood vessels regulate developmental and regenerative bone formation as well as hematopoiesis by providing vascular niches for hematopoietic stem cells...
September 11, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889371/bone-marrow-stroma-and-vascular-contributions-to-myeloma-bone-homing
#7
REVIEW
Michele Moschetta, Yawara Kawano, Antonio Sacco, Angelo Belotti, Rossella Ribolla, Marco Chiarini, Viviana Giustini, Diego Bertoli, Alessandra Sottini, Monica Valotti, Claudia Ghidini, Federico Serana, Michele Malagola, Luisa Imberti, Domenico Russo, Alessandro Montanelli, Giuseppe Rossi, Michaela R Reagan, Patricia Maiso, Bruno Paiva, Irene M Ghobrial, Aldo M Roccaro
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Herein we dissect mechanisms behind the dissemination of cancer cells from primary tumor site to the bone marrow, which are necessary for metastasis development, with a specific focus on multiple myeloma. RECENT FINDINGS: The ability of tumor cells to invade vessels and reach the systemic circulation is a fundamental process for metastasis development; however, the interaction between clonal cells and the surrounding microenvironment is equally important for supporting colonization, survival, and growth in the secondary sites of dissemination...
September 9, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884337/the-multifaceted-role-of-periostin-in-priming-the-tumor-microenvironments-for-tumor-progression
#8
REVIEW
Dan Cui, Zhengjie Huang, Yingfu Liu, Gaoliang Ouyang
Tumor microenvironment consists of tumor cells, stromal cells, extracellular matrix and a plethora of soluble components. The complex array of interactions between tumor cells and their surrounding tumor microenvironments contribute to the determination of the fate of tumor cells during tumorigenesis and metastasis. Matricellular protein periostin is generally absent in most adult tissues but is highly expressed in tumor microenvironments. Current evidence reveals that periostin plays a critical role in establishing and remodeling tumor microenvironments such as the metastatic niche, cancer stem cell niche, perivascular niche, pre-metastatic niche, fibrotic microenvironment and bone marrow microenvironment...
September 7, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884113/in-vitro-culture-of-na%C3%A3-ve-human-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-a-stemness-based-approach
#9
REVIEW
Bidisha Pal, Bikul Das
Human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) resides in their niches in close proximity to hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). These naïve MSCs have tremendous potential in regenerative therapeutics, and may also be exploited by cancer and infectious disease agents. Hence, it is important to study the physiological and pathological roles of naïve MSC. However, our knowledge of naïve MSCs is limited by lack of appropriate isolation and in vitro culture methods. Established culture methods use serum rich media, and serial passaging for retrospective isolation of MSCs...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881093/expansion-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-perfused-3d-ceramic-scaffolds-enhances-in-vivo-bone-formation
#10
Allison I Hoch, Ralph Duhr, Nunzia Di Maggio, Arne Mehrkens, Marcel Jakob, David Wendt
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSC), when expanded directly within 3D ceramic scaffolds in perfusion bioreactors, more reproducibly form bone when implanted in vivo as compared to conventional expansion on 2D polystyrene dishes/flasks. Since the bioreactor-based expansion on 3D ceramic scaffolds encompasses multiple aspects that are inherently different from expansion on 2D polystyrene, we aimed to decouple the effects of specific parameters among these two model systems. We assessed the effects of the: i) 3D scaffold vs 2D surface, ii) ceramic vs polystyrene materials, and iii) BMSC niche established within the ceramic pores during in vitro culture, on subsequent in vivo bone formation...
September 7, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878134/prevention-of-breast-cancer-skeletal-metastases-with-parathyroid-hormone
#11
Srilatha Swami, Joshua Johnson, Lance A Bettinson, Takaharu Kimura, Hui Zhu, Megan A Albertelli, Rachelle W Johnson, Joy Y Wu
Advanced breast cancer is frequently associated with skeletal metastases and accelerated bone loss. Recombinant parathyroid hormone [teriparatide, PTH(1-34)] is the first anabolic agent approved in the US for treatment of osteoporosis. While signaling through the PTH receptor in the osteoblast lineage regulates bone marrow hematopoietic niches, the effects of anabolic PTH on the skeletal metastatic niche are unknown. Here, we demonstrate, using orthotopic and intratibial models of 4T1 murine and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer tumors, that anabolic PTH decreases both tumor engraftment and the incidence of spontaneous skeletal metastasis in mice...
September 7, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874272/postcrania-of-the-most-primitive-euprimate-and-implications-for-primate-origins
#12
Doug M Boyer, Séverine Toussaint, Marc Godinot
The fossil record of early primates is largely comprised of dentitions. While teeth can indicate phylogenetic relationships and dietary preferences, they say little about hypotheses pertaining to the positional behavior or substrate preference of the ancestral crown primate. Here we report the discovery of a talus bone of the dentally primitive fossil euprimate Donrussellia provincialis. Our comparisons and analyses indicate that this talus is more primitive than that of other euprimates. It lacks features exclusive to strepsirrhines, like a large medial tibial facet and a sloping fibular facet...
October 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873068/neuroinflammation-and-physical-exercise-as-modulators-of-adult-hippocampal-neural-precursor-cell-behavior
#13
Martha Pérez-Domínguez, Luis B Tovar-Y-Romo, Angélica Zepeda
The dentate gyrus of the hippocampus is a plastic structure where adult neurogenesis constitutively occurs. Cell components of the neurogenic niche are source of paracrine as well as membrane-bound factors such as Notch, Bone Morphogenetic Proteins, Wnts, Sonic Hedgehog, cytokines, and growth factors that regulate adult hippocampal neurogenesis and cell fate decision. The integration and coordinated action of multiple extrinsic and intrinsic cues drive a continuous decision process: if adult neural stem cells remain quiescent or proliferate, if they take a neuronal or a glial lineage, and if new cells proliferate, undergo apoptotic death, or survive...
September 5, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869691/bone-morphogenetic-protein-promotes-lewis-x-stage-specific-embryonic-antigen-1-expression-thereby-interfering-with-neural-precursor-and-stem-cell-proliferation
#14
Inma Luque-Molina, Priti Khatri, Udo Schmidt-Edelkraut, Ina K Simeonova, Gabriele Hölzl-Wenig, Claudi Mandl, Francesca Ciccolini
The glycoprotein Prominin-1 and the carbohydrate Lewis X stage-specific embryonic antigen 1 (LeX-SSEA1) both have been extensively used as cell surface markers to purify neural stem cells (NSCs). While Prominin-1 labels a specialized membrane region in NSCs and ependymal cells, the specificity of LeX-SSEA1 expression and its biological significance are still unknown. To address these issues, we have here monitored the expression of the carbohydrate in neonatal and adult NSCs and in their progeny. Our results show that the percentage of immunopositive cells and the levels of LeX-SSEA1 immunoreactivity both increase with postnatal age across all stages of the neural lineage...
September 4, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868340/e-selectin-and-sdf-1-regulate-metastatic-trafficking-of-breast-cancer-cells-within-the-bone
#15
Trevor T Price, Dorothy A Sipkins
E-selectin is a key mediator of breast cancer cell (BCC) metastatic entry into the bone and stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is a critical molecular anchor for BCCs within discrete pro-dormancy bone marrow (BM) niches. Small-molecule inhibitors blocked metastatic entry and mobilized established disease from BM, suggesting a new treatment strategy to prevent breast cancer relapse.
2017: Molecular & Cellular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866324/effects-of-in-vivo-deletion-of-gata2-in-bone-marrow-stromal-cells
#16
Shin Hasegawa, Tohru Fujiwara, Yoko Okitsu, Hiroki Kato, Yuki Sato, Noriko Fukuhara, Yasushi Onishi, Ritsuko Shimizu, Masayuki Yamamoto, Hideo Harigae
The bone marrow (BM) microenvironment comprises multiple stem cell niches derived from BM mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). Previous in vitro analyses have suggested that transcription factor GATA2 plays an important role in adipocyte differentiation of BM-mesenchymal stem cells as well as in hematopoietic support, but the role of GATA2 in vivo remains unknown. We evaluated GATA2 effects in BM-MSC in vivo. Expression profiling analysis of Gata2 knockout Ter119(-)CD45(-) mesenchymal stromal cells obtained from compact bone from tamoxifen-treated Gata2 conditional knockout mice (Gata2(f/f)/ER-Cre mice) revealed upregulation of 110 genes and downregulation of 141 by a factor of 2...
August 30, 2017: Experimental Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855706/chondrogenesis-and-osteogenesis-are-one-continuous-developmental-and-lineage-defined-biological-process
#17
Yan Jing, Junjun Jing, Ling Ye, Xiaohua Liu, Stephen E Harris, Robert J Hinton, Jian Q Feng
Although chondrogenesis and osteogenesis are considered as two separate processes during endochondral bone formation after birth, recent studies have demonstrated the direct cell transformation from chondrocytes into bone cells in postnatal bone growth. Here we use cell lineage tracing and multiple in vivo approaches to study the role of Bmpr1a in endochondrogenesis. Our data showed profound changes in skeletal shape, size and structure when Bmpr1a was deleted using Aggrecan-Cre (ERT2) in early cartilage cells with a one-time tamoxifen injection...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855314/il-1%C3%AE-and-il-23-promote-extrathymic-commitment-of-cd27-cd122-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-to-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t17-cells
#18
Andreas Muschaweckh, Franziska Petermann, Thomas Korn
γδT17 cells are a subset of γδ T cells committed to IL-17 production and are characterized by the expression of IL-23R and CCR6 and lack of CD27 expression. γδT17 cells are believed to arise within a narrow time window during prenatal thymic development. In agreement with this concept, we show in this study that adult Rag1(-/-) recipient mice of Il23r(gfp/+) (IL-23R reporter) bone marrow selectively lack IL-23R(+) γδT17 cells. Despite their absence in secondary lymphoid tissues during homeostasis, γδT17 cells emerge in bone marrow chimeric mice upon induction of skin inflammation by topical treatment with imiquimod cream (Aldara)...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854282/endothelial-derived-extracellular-matrix-ameliorate-the-stemness-deprivation-during-ex-vivo-expansion-of-mouse-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#19
Ming-Kang Lee, Shau-Ping Lin, Wei-Chun HuangFu, Dee-Shiuh Yang, I-Hsuan Liu
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) hold great potential in cell therapies by virtue of the regenerative effects and immunomodulatory properties, but the scarce nature of MSCs makes ex vivo expansion indispensable prior to transplantation purposes. However, potential loss of stemness ensuing culture expansion has hindered the advancements in MSCs-based treatments. In principle, stemness could be preserved by reconstructing the stem cell niche. To test whether the endothelial cells (ECs) participate in the constitution of the stem cell niche for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), ECs derivatives including extracellular matrix (ECM) and conditioned medium (CM) prepared from aortic endothelial cells (AECs) and Mile Sven 1 endothelial cell line (MS1) were investigated for the potential to maintain MSCs stemness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846679/microgrooved-surface-topography-enhances-cellular-division-and-proliferation-of-mouse-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#20
Jitendra Kumar Chaudhary, Pramod C Rath
Mesenchymal stem cells' (MSCs) fate is largely determined by the various topographical features and a range of extracellular matrix (ECM) components present in their niches. Apart from maintaining structural stability, they regulate cell morphology, division, proliferation, migration and differentiation among others. Traditional MSC cultures, which are mainly based on two-dimensional smooth surfaces of culture dishes and plates, do not provide topographical cues similar to in vivo three-dimensional niches, impacting various cellular processes...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
121093
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"