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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092190/examining-personalized-feedback-interventions-for-gambling-disorders-a-systematic-review
#1
Loredana Marchica, Jeffrey L Derevensky
Background and aims Personalized feedback interventions (PFI) have shown success as a low-cost, scalable intervention for reducing problematic and excessive consumption of alcohol. Recently, researchers have begun to apply PFI as an intervention method for problematic gambling behaviors. A systematic review of the literature on PFI as an intervention/prevention method for gambling behaviors was performed. Methods Studies were included if they met the following criteria: the design included both a PFI group and a comparison group, and the interventions focused on gambling prevention and/or reduction...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075604/high-level-ab-initio-predictions-for-the-ionization-energies-bond-dissociation-energies-and-heats-of-formation-of-titanium-oxides-and-their-cations-tion-tion-n-1-and-2
#2
Yi Pan, Zhihong Luo, Yih-Chung Chang, Kai-Chung Lau, C Y Ng
The ionization energies (IEs) of TiO and TiO2 and the 0 K bond dissociation energies (D0) and the heats of formation at 0 K (ΔH°f0) and 298 K (ΔH°f298) for TiO/TiO(+) and TiO2/TiO2(+) are predicted by the wave-function-based CCSDTQ/CBS approach. The CCSDTQ/CBS calculations involve the approximation to the complete basis set (CBS) limit at the coupled cluster level up to full quadruple excitations along with the zero-point vibrational energy (ZPVE), high-order correlation (HOC), core-valence (CV) electronic, spin-orbit (SO) coupling, and scalar relativistic (SR) effect corrections...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010104/experimental-and-ab-initio-characterization-of-hc3n-vibronic-structure-ii-high-resolution-vuv-pfi-zeke-spectroscopy
#3
Bérenger Gans, Nicolas Lamarre, Michel Broquier, Jacques Liévin, Séverine Boyé-Péronne
Vacuum-ultraviolet pulsed-field-ionization zero-kinetic-energy photoelectron spectra of X(+)Π2←XΣ+1 and B(+)Π2←XΣ+1 transitions of the HC3(14)N and HC3(15)N isotopologues of cyanoacetylene have been recorded. The resolution of the photoelectron spectra allowed us to resolve the vibrational structures and the spin-orbit splittings in the cation. Accurate values of the adiabatic ionization potentials of the two isotopologues (EI/hc(HC3(14)N)=93 909(2) cm(-1) and EI/hc(HC3(15)N)=93 912(2) cm(-1)), the vibrational frequencies of the ν2, ν6, and ν7 vibrational modes, and the spin-orbit coupling constant (ASO = -44(2) cm(-1)) of the X(+)Π2 cationic ground state have been derived from the measurements...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993805/5th-ovarian-cancer-consensus-conference-of-the-gynecologic-cancer-intergroup-recurrent-disease
#4
M K Wilson, E Pujade-Lauraine, D Aoki, M R Mirza, D Lorusso, A M Oza, A du Bois, I Vergote, A Reuss, M Bacon, M Friedlander, D Rincon, F Joly, S-J Chang, A M Ferrero, R J Edmondson, P Wimberger, J Maenpaa, D Gaffney, R Zhang, A Okamoto, G Stuart, K Ochiai
This manuscript reports the consensus statements regarding recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC), reached at the 5th Ovarian Cancer Consensus Conference (OCCC), which was held in Tokyo, Japan, in November 2015. Three important questions were identified: (1) What are the subgroups for clinical trials in ROC? The historical definition of using platinum-free interval (PFI) to categorize patients as having platinum-sensitive/resistant disease was replaced by therapy-free interval (TFI). TFI can be broken down into TFIp (platinum-free interval), TFInp (non-platinum-free interval) and TFIb (biological agent-free interval)...
December 19, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931565/ex%C3%A2-vivo-perfusion-characteristics-of-donation-after-cardiac-death-kidneys-predict-long-term-graft-survival
#5
M Sevinc, S Stamp, J Ling, N Carter, D Talbot, N Sheerin
BACKGROUND: Ex vivo perfusion is used in our unit for kidneys donated after cardiac death (DCD). Perfusion flow index (PFI), resistance, and perfusate glutathione S-transferase (GST) can be measured to assess graft viability. We assessed whether measurements taken during perfusion could predict long-term outcome after transplantation. METHODS: All DCD kidney transplants performed from 2002 to 2014 were included in this study. The exclusion criteria were: incomplete data, kidneys not machine perfused, kidneys perfused in continuous mode, and dual transplantation...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905688/liposomal-doxorubicin-effective-treatment-for-pediatric-desmoid-fibromatosis
#6
Prasanna Ananth, Annette Werger, Stephan Voss, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Katherine A Janeway
Efficacy of liposomal doxorubicin (LD) in treating desmoid fibromatosis (DF) in children has not been well evaluated. This retrospective case series examines five children with progressive DF, treated with LD. We report progression-free intervals (PFIs) and radiographic as well as clinical responses for each medication received. LD was well tolerated, with an average 4.5% reduction in tumor size and median PFI of 29 months. Treatment with LD conferred the longest PFI of all medical therapies pursued. Thus, LD is an important treatment option for DF in pediatrics...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873048/the-usefulness-of-radiological-grading-scales-to-predict-pain-intensity-functional-impairment-and-health-related-quality-of-life-after-surgery-for-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#7
Oliver P Gautschi, Martin N Stienen, Holger Joswig, Nicolas R Smoll, Karl Schaller, Marco V Corniola
PURPOSE: The goal of this study is to determine the relationship of radiological grading scales of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) with postoperative pain intensity, functional impairment, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Response to surgical treatment at 6 weeks (W6) on the visual analogue scale (VAS) for back and leg pain, Oswestry-Disability (ODI) and Roland-Morris Disability Index (RMDI), Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, EuroQol (EQ) 5D, and Short-Form Health-Survey (SF-12) physical component summary (PCS) was compared between patients with different Modic (MOD) and Pfirrmann (PFI) grades...
February 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864219/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-nact-increases-immune-infiltration-and-programmed-death-ligand-1-pd-l1-expression-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-eoc
#8
S J L Mesnage, A Auguste, C Genestie, A Dunant, E Pain, F Drusch, S Gouy, P Morice, E Bentivegna, C Lhomme, P Pautier, J Michels, A Le Formal, B Cheaib, J Adam, A F Leary
BACKGROUND: Lymphocytic infiltration at diagnosis is prognostic in EOC, however the impact of NACT on tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) or PD-L1 expression remains poorly described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with EOC and sequential samples (pre-NACT, post-NACT or relapse) were retrospectively identified. TILs were evaluated on whole sections; stromal TILs (sTILs) scored as percentage of stromal area with high sTILs defined as ≥50%; intra-epithelial TILs (ieTILs) scored semi-quantitatively (0-3) with high ieTILs ≥2...
November 17, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818185/validation-of-a-french-patient-reported-outcome-measure-for-patello-femoral-disorders-the-lille-patello-femoral-score
#9
S Putman, F Rémy, G Pasquier, F Gougeon, H Migaud, A Duhamel
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of patello-femoral instability (PFI) relies chiefly on the patient's clinical findings. Nevertheless, few clinical scores specifically designed to evaluate the patello-femoral joint are available. The Lille scoring system is a 12-item self-questionnaire yielding a score from 0 to 100 that is used in France but has not been validated. We therefore conducted a validation study in a population of younger patients with PFI. HYPOTHESIS: The Lille scoring system meets validation criteria for patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs)...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788428/increasing-efficiency-of-enzymatic-hemicellulose-removal-from-bamboo-for-production-of-high-grade-dissolving-pulp
#10
Lingfeng Zhao, Zhaoyang Yuan, Nuwan Sella Kapu, Xue Feng Chang, Rodger Beatson, Heather L Trajano, D Mark Martinez
To improve the efficiency of enzymatic hemicellulose removal from bamboo pre-hydrolysis kraft pulp, mechanical refining was conducted prior to enzyme treatment. Refining significantly improved the subsequent hemicellulose removal efficiency by xylanase treatment. Results showed that when PFI refining was followed by 3h xylanase treatment, the xylan content of the bamboo pre-hydrolysis kraft pulp (after first stage oxygen delignification) could be decreased to 2.72% (w/w). After bleaching of enzyme treated pulp, the alpha-cellulose content was 93...
January 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756018/post-mortem-mechanical-injection-of-low-quality-beef-loins-with-pork-back-fat-improves-palatability-and-sensory-attributes
#11
DeMetris D Reed, Lee-Anne J Walter, Angela N Schmitz, Daniel E Guadián-García, Ty E Lawrence
Palatability attributes of beef striploin steaks mechanically enhanced with pork fat were evaluated. Striploins were collected from USDA Standard steer carcasses, longitudinally cut into halves (lateral or medial) and assigned randomly to pork fat injection (PFI) or non-injected control (CON). Loin halves assigned to PFI were enhanced with pork fat using a multi-needle injector. Steaks were analyzed via Warner-Bratzler shear force, trained and consumer sensory panels, and proximate analysis (cooked and uncooked)...
January 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755534/outcome-of-ovarian-cancer-after-breast-cancer-in-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers
#12
Leendert H Zaaijer, Helena C van Doorn, Marian J E Mourits, Marc van Beurden, Joanne A de Hullu, Muriel A Adank, Luc R C W van Lonkhuijzen, Hans F A Vasen, Brigitte F M Slangen, Katja N Gaarenstroom, Ronald P Zweemer, Peggy M L H Vencken, Caroline Seynaeve, Mieke Kriege
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether a history of breast cancer (BC) affects the outcome of BRCA1/2-associated epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). This was investigated in the current analysis. METHODS: We included 386 BRCA1/2-associated EOC patients diagnosed between 1980 and 2015. Progression-free survival (PFS), progression-free interval (PFI), overall survival (OS) and ovarian cancer-specific survival (OCSS) were compared between EOC patients with and without previous BC...
November 8, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746823/a-universal-moir%C3%A3-effect-and-application-in-x-ray-phase-contrast-imaging
#13
Houxun Miao, Alireza Panna, Andrew A Gomella, Eric E Bennett, Sami Znati, Lei Chen, Han Wen
A moiré pattern is created by superimposing two black-and-white or gray-scale patterns of regular geometry, such as two sets of evenly spaced lines. We observed an analogous effect between two transparent phase masks in a light beam which occurs at a distance. This phase moiré effect and the classic moiré effect are shown to be the two ends of a continuous spectrum. The phase moiré effect allows the detection of sub-resolution intensity or phase patterns with a transparent screen. When applied to x-ray imaging, it enables a polychromatic far-field interferometer (PFI) without absorption gratings...
2016: Nature Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712054/bioethanol-blending-reduces-nanoparticle-pah-alkyl-and-nitro-pah-emissions-and-the-genotoxic-potential-of-exhaust-from-a-gasoline-direct-injection-flex-fuel-vehicle
#14
Maria Muñoz, Norbert V Heeb, Regula Haag, Peter Honegger, Kerstin Zeyer, Joachim Mohn, Pierre Comte, Jan Czerwinski
Bioethanol as an alternative fuel is widely used as a substitute for gasoline, also in gasoline direct injection (GDI) vehicles, which are quickly replacing traditional port-fuel injection (PFI) vehicles. Better fuel efficiency and increased engine power are reported advantages of GDI-vehicles. But increased emissions of soot-like nanoparticles are also associated with the GDI-technology with yet unknown health impact. In this study, we compare emissions of a flex-fuel Euro-5 GDI-vehicle operated with gasoline (E0) and two ethanol/gasoline blends (E10 and E85) under transient and steady driving conditions and report effects on particle, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), alkyl- and nitro-PAH emissions and assess the genotoxic potential of them...
October 7, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693123/the-impact-of-perioperative-%C3%AE-blocker-use-on-patient-outcomes-after-primary-cytoreductive-surgery-in-high-grade-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma
#15
Ahmed Al-Niaimi, Elizabeth L Dickson, Cassandra Albertin, Jennifer Karnowski, Cassandra Niemi, Ryan Spencer, Mian M K Shahzad, Shitanshu Uppal, Sandeep Saha, Laurel Rice, Amy Mc Nally
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the impact of perioperative β blocker use on survival after primary cytoreductive surgery for epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: We conducted a multi-center retrospective study of all women who underwent primary cytoreductive surgery for ovarian cancer (2000-2010). One institution had routinely used perioperative β blockers for patients "at risk" for coronary events. The other institution did not routinely use perioperative β blockers...
December 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566095/benefit-of-patients-with-an-early-and-progressed-state-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-drug-eluting-beads
#16
Nils Rathmann, Maliha Sadick, Bjoern Rathmann, Michael Kostrzewa, Christel Weiss, Stefan O Schoenberg, Steffen J Diehl, Christoph Antoni
AIM: To evaluate drug-eluting beads (DEB) for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) A to D suffering from hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The progression-free interval (PFI), survival and laboratory findings of 46 patients were retrospectively analyzed after DEB TACE. RESULTS: The mean survival interval was 16.93 months. The BCLC A/B group had significantly (p=0.01) longer survival compared to C/D: 20...
September 2016: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557079/effect-of-cellulases-and-xylanases-on-refining-process-and-kraft-pulp-properties
#17
Kamila Przybysz Buzała, Piotr Przybysz, Halina Kalinowska, Małgorzata Derkowska
Samples of bleached kraft pine cellulosic pulp, either treated with an enzyme preparation (a Thermomyces lanuginosus xylanase, an Aspergillus sp. cellulase, and a multienzyme preparation NS-22086 containing both these activities) or untreated, were refined in a laboratory PFI mill. The treatment with cellulases contained in the last two preparations significantly improved the pulp's susceptibility to refining (the target freeness value of 30°SR was achieved in a significantly shorter time), increased water retention value (WRV) and fines contents while the weighted average fiber length was significantly reduced...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453055/m1-m2-macrophage-polarization-in-pseudolobules-consisting-of-adipohilin-rich-hepatocytes-in-thioacetamide-taa-induced-rat-hepatic-cirrhosis
#18
Kavindra Kumara Wijesundera, Takeshi Izawa, Anusha Hemamali Tennakoon, Hossain Md Golbar, Miyuu Tanaka, Mitsuru Kuwamura, Jyoji Yamate
INTRODUCTION: Liver steatosis is the most frequent liver disease and may further develop into non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), liver cirrhosis, and finally hepatocellular carcinoma. Adipophilin (Adp) is localized on lipid droplet membrane in cytoplasm, and its increased expression is related to development of steatosis and NASH. The relationship between M1-/M2-macrophage polarization and Adp-rich hepatocyte-consisting pseudolobules (PLs) was investigated in thioacetamide (TAA)-induced rat cirrhosis...
August 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406325/assessing-the-climate-trade-offs-of-gasoline-direct-injection-engines
#19
Naomi Zimmerman, Jonathan M Wang, Cheol-Heon Jeong, James S Wallace, Greg J Evans
Compared to port fuel injection (PFI) engine exhaust, gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine exhaust has higher emissions of black carbon (BC), a climate-warming pollutant. However, the relative increase in BC emissions and climate trade-offs of replacing PFI vehicles with more fuel efficient GDI vehicles remain uncertain. In this study, BC emissions from GDI and PFI vehicles were compiled and BC emissions scenarios were developed to evaluate the climate impact of GDI vehicles using global warming potential (GWP) and global temperature potential (GTP) metrics...
August 2, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328121/knee-deformities-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-focus-on-knee-malalignment
#20
Maria Del Pilar Duque Orozco, Oussama Abousamra, Brian Po-Jung Chen, Kenneth J Rogers, Julieanne P Sees, Freeman Miller
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral instability (PFI) has been the most reported knee abnormality in people with Down syndrome. Other reported knee abnormalities have been associated with PFI and different management approaches have been described with variable outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomic variations of the knee in children with Down syndrome. A comparison between knees with and without PFI was performed and our experience in treating knee abnormalities in Down syndrome was also reported...
June 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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