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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132743/nuclear-sirtuins-and-inflammatory-signaling-pathways
#1
REVIEW
Keila Lopes Mendes, Deborah de Farias Lelis, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos
The regulation of chronic inflammation has received considerable research attention in recent years because of its contribution to the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as arthritis, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity. Thus, strategies that inhibit the inflammatory state may be beneficial in improving the pathophysiology of several inflammation-related disorders. Sirtuins are a family of histone deacetylases that contain seven enzymatic activities in mammals (SIRT1-SIRT7) and function to suppress gene transcription by epigenetic mechanisms...
November 7, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036979/-role-of-ash2-absent-small-or-homeotic-like-and-jumonji-domain-containing-protein-3-on-histone-methylation-of-interferon-gamma-gene-and-their-associations-with-vascular-damage-of-kawasaki-disease
#2
J H Mei, G Tang, Q Wang, P Q Wen, M G Xu, D Cui, D L Ma, C Liu, G B Wang
Objective: To investigate the impacts of ash2 (absent, small, or homeotic)-like (Ash2L) and Jumonji domain-containing protein 3 (Jmjd3) on histone methylation of interferon-gamma(IFN-γ) gene and association with vascular damage of Kawasaki disease (KD) in acute phase. Methods: This study was performed among 36 children with KD in acute phase (KD group) and 28 age-matched health children (control group), who were treated or underwent physical examination in our hospital between February 2015 and June 2016. Patients were further divided into KD groups with or without coronary artery lesions (KD-CAL(+) , 16 cases; KD-CAL(-), 20 cases)...
September 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991202/solid-state-form-characterization-of-riparin-i
#3
Elisana Afonso de Moura, Márcio Vinícius Cahino Terto, Elisângela Afonso de Moura Mendonça, José Valdilânio Virgulino Procópio, Vicente Carlos de O Costa, José Maria Barbosa Filho, Stanley Juan Chavez Gutierrez, Josean Fechine Tavares, Rui Oliveira Macedo, Marcelo Sobral da Silva
Riparin I is an alkamide with potential anxiolytic activity in preclinical studies. The characterization and understanding of solid-state properties play an importance role in drug development. For this work, the solid state of five riparin I batches (RIP-1, RIP-2, RIP-3, RIP-4, and RIP-5), obtained by the same synthesis process, were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), DSC-photovisual, Thermogravimetry (TG), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), Pyrolysis (Pyr-GC/MS), X-ray Powder Diffraction (PXRD), and Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (ssNMR) techniques...
October 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978109/sorafenib-inhibits-therapeutic-induction-of-necroptosis-in-acute-leukemia-cells
#4
Friederike Feldmann, Barbara Schenk, Sofie Martens, Peter Vandenabeele, Simone Fulda
Induction of necroptosis has emerged as an alternative approach to trigger programmed cell death, in particular in apoptosis-resistant cancer cells. Recent evidence suggests that kinase inhibitors targeting oncogenic B-RAF can also affect Receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase (RIP)1 and RIP3. Sorafenib, a multi-targeting kinase inhibitor with activity against B-RAF, is used for the treatment of acute leukemia. In the present study, we therefore investigated whether Sorafenib interferes with therapeutic induction of necroptosis in acute leukemia...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923396/smac-mimetics-and-type-ii-interferon-synergistically-induce-necroptosis-in-various-cancer-cell-lines
#5
Michael John Cekay, Stefanie Roesler, Tanja Frank, Anne-Kathrin Knuth, Ines Eckhardt, Simone Fulda
Since cancer cells often evade apoptosis, induction of necroptosis as another mode of programmed cell death is considered a promising therapeutic alternative. Here, we identify a novel synergistic interaction of Smac mimetics that antagonize x-linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis (XIAP), cellular Inhibitor of Apoptosis (cIAP) 1 and 2 with interferon (IFN)γ to induce necroptosis in apoptosis-resistant cancer cells in which caspase activation is blocked. This synergism is confirmed by calculation of combination indices (CIs) and found in both solid and hematological cancer cell lines as well as for different Smac mimetics (i...
September 18, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770700/detection-of-necroptosis-in-ligand-mediated-and-hypoxia-induced-injury-of-hepatocytes-using-a-novel-optic-probe-detecting-receptor-interacting-protein-rip-1-rip3-binding
#6
Sanae Haga, Akira Kanno, Takeaki Ozawa, Naoki Morita, Mami Asano, Michitaka Ozaki
Liver injury is often observed in various pathological conditions including posthepatectomy state and cancer chemotherapy. It occurs mainly as a consequence of the combined necrotic and apoptotic types of cell death. In order to study liver/hepatocyte injury by necrotic type of cell death, we studied signal-regulated necrosis (necroptosis) by newly developing an optic probe detecting receptor-interacting protein (RIP)1/RIP3 binding, an essential process for necroptosis induction. In the mouse hepatocyte cell line, TIB-73 cells, TNF-a/cycloheximide (T/C) induced RIP1/3 binding only when caspase activity was suppressed by z-VAD-fmk (zVAD), a caspase-specific inhibitor...
July 21, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752362/necrostatin-1-protects-against-d-galactosamine-and-lipopolysaccharide-induced-hepatic-injury-by-preventing-tlr4-and-rage-signaling
#7
Seok-Joo Kim, Sun-Mee Lee
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is a life-threatening clinical syndrome results in massive inflammation and hepatocyte death. Necroptosis is a regulated form of necrotic cell death that is emerging as a crucial control point for inflammatory diseases. The kinases receptor interacting protein (RIP) 1 and RIP3 are known as key modulators of necroptosis. In this study, we investigated the impact of necroptosis in the pathogenesis of FHF and molecular mechanisms, particularly its linkage to damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP)-mediated pattern recognition receptor (PRR) signaling pathways...
December 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715002/cationic-folate-mediated-liposomal-delivery-of-bis-arylidene-oxindole-induces-efficient-melanoma-tumor-regression
#8
Chandra Kumar Elechalawar, Kathyayani Sridharan, Abhishek Pal, Mohammed Tanveer Ahmed, Mohammed Yousuf, Susanta Sekhar Adhikari, Rajkumar Banerjee
The folate receptor (FR) is a well-validated and common target for cancer due to its high over-expression in many different cancer cells. Herein, we developed a new FR-targeting ligand (FA8) by conjugating folic acid and a cationic lipid. Owing to its favorable structural property FA8 as a ligand could be accommodated at an unusually higher molar ratio for a ligand-targeted liposome. We then encapsulated a drug-like molecule, bis-arylidene oxindole (NME2), in the targeted liposome. The resulting formulation induced potent caspase-8 up-regulation even in FR-moderately expressing melanoma cells...
August 22, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710417/talen-based-hpv-e7-editing-triggers-necrotic-cell-death-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#9
Sumitra Shankar, Deepti Prasad, Rahul Sanawar, Ani V Das, M Radhakrishna Pillai
Human Papillomavirus E7 and E6 oncoproteins have been considered as suitable candidate anti-viral targets since they cause malignant conversion in cervical cancers. Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases (TALENs) are recent editing tools to knockout genes by inducing double stranded breaks at specific sites in the genome. In here, we have designed specific TALENs to target E7 and analyzed their efficiency in inducing cell death in cervical cancer cells. We found that designed TALENs could yield about 10-12% editing activity as observed from T7E1 and nuclease resistance assays...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709622/genipin-protects-d-galactosamine-and-lipopolysaccharide-induced-hepatic-injury-through-suppression-of-the-necroptosis-mediated-inflammasome-signaling
#10
Min-Jong Seo, Jeong-Min Hong, Seok-Joo Kim, Sun-Mee Lee
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a life-threatening syndrome resulting from massive inflammation and hepatocyte death. Necroptosis, a programmed cell death controlled by receptor-interacting protein kinase (RIP) 1 and RIP3, has been shown to play an important role in regulating inflammation via crosstalk between other intracellular signaling. The inflammasome is a major intracellular multiprotein that induces inflammatory responses by mediating immune cell infiltration, thus potentiating injury. Genipin, a major active compound of the gardenia fruit, exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-apoptotic properties...
July 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687713/tlr9-is-up-regulated-in-human-and-murine-nash-pivotal-role-in-inflammatory-recruitment-and-cell-survival
#11
Auvro R Mridha, Fahrettin Haczeyni, Matthew M Yeh, W Geoffrey Haigh, George N Ioannou, Vanessa Barn, Hussam Ajamieh, Leon Adams, Jeffrey M Hamdorf, Narci C Teoh, Geoffrey C Farrell
Background and aims: TLR9 deletion protects against steatohepatitis due to choline-amino acid depletion and high-fat diet. We measured TLR9 in human non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) livers, and tested whether TLR9 mediates inflammatory recruitment in three murine models of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: We assayed TLR mRNA in liver biopsies from bariatric surgery patients. Wild-type (Wt), appetite-dysregulated Alms1 mutant (foz/foz), Tlr9(-/-), and Tlr9(-/-)foz/foz C57BL6/J mice and bone marrow (BM) chimeras were fed 0...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466458/rip1-dependent-reactive-oxygen-species-production-executes-artesunate-induced-cell-death-in-renal-carcinoma-caki-cells
#12
Anil Kumar Chauhan, Kyoung-Jin Min, Taeg Kyu Kwon
Artesunate is a well-known anti-malarial drug originated from artemisinin as a Chinese herb and has been reported to have anti-cancer potential in many cancer cells. In the present study, we examined the efficacy of artesunate against the renal carcinoma Caki cells and explored its mechanism of cytotoxicity. A steep decline in cell viability within 18 h was recorded upon artesunate exposure, but pretreatment of z-VAD-FMK had no effect on the loss of the cell viability by artesunate. On the other hand, necrostatin-1 pretreatment and knockdown of RIP-1 significantly reduced the cytotoxicity of artesunate against Caki cell...
May 2, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395284/indole-3-carbinol-induces-apoptosis-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-through-k63-de-ubiquitination-of-rip1-in-rats
#13
Bin Li, Meng Cong, Yanan Zhu, Ying Xiong, Wenyi Jin, Yang Wan, Yunjiao Zhou, Ying Ao, Hui Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The apoptosis of activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the central event in the reversal of liver fibrosis. K63 de-ubiquitinated receptor-interacting protein (RIP)1 promotes apoptosis in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α signaling pathway. In the previous study, we have proved that indole-3-carbinol (I3C) could reverse different models of liver fibrosis in rats, but the mechanism is still unclear. Thus, the present research aimed to demonstrate the induction of I3C on apoptosis of HSCs and the underlying molecular mechanism...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387136/the-protective-effect-of-aucubin-from-eucommia-ulmoides-against-status-epilepticus-by-inducing-autophagy-and-inhibiting-necroptosis
#14
Jin Wang, Ying Li, Wei-Hua Huang, Xiang-Chang Zeng, Xiao-Hui Li, Jian Li, Jun Zhou, Jian Xiao, Bo Xiao, Dong-Sheng Ouyang, Kai Hu
Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. is a famous traditional Chinese medicine which exhibits anti-oxidative stress ability and neuro-protective effects. Aucubin is the predominant component of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Our present study is intended to investigate aucubin's potential protective effects on neurons against epilepsy in the hippocampus by establishing the lithium-pilocarpine induced status epilepticus (SE) rat model in vivo. Aucubin (at a low dose and a high dose of 5[Formula: see text]mg/kg and 10[Formula: see text]mg/kg, respectively) was administered through gavage for two weeks before lithium-pilocarpine injection...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315674/dichotomy-between-receptor-interacting-protein-1-and-receptor-interacting-protein-3-mediated-necroptosis-in-experimental-pancreatitis
#15
Jianghong Wu, Tunike Mulatibieke, Jianbo Ni, Xiao Han, Bin Li, Yue Zeng, Rong Wan, Xingpeng Wang, Guoyong Hu
Pancreatic acinar cell necrosis and inflammatory responses are two key pathologic processes in acute pancreatitis (AP), which determines the severity and outcome of the disease. Recent studies suggest that necroptosis, a programed form of necrosis, is involved in the pathogenesis of AP, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We investigated the expression of necrosome components, including receptor-interacting protein (RIP) 1, RIP3, and mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL), and the molecular mechanisms in pancreatitis-associated necroptosis...
May 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270653/rip-1-c-flipl-induce-hepatic-cancer-cell-apoptosis-through-regulating-tumor-necrosis-factor-related-apoptosis-inducing-ligand-trail
#16
Jichun Sun, Xiao Yu, Changfa Wang, Can Yu, Zhiqiang Li, Wanpin Nie, Xundi Xu, Xiongying Miao, Xiaoxin Jin
BACKGROUND Almost all hepatic cancer cells have resistance to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis. c-FLIPL and RIP-1 are apoptotic negative regulatory factors. This study investigated the role of c-FLIPL and RIP-1 in hepatic cancer cell resistance to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS HepG2 cells were treated by TRAIL, RIP-1 siRNA, and/or BY11-7082. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was tested by flow cytometry. DISC component proteins, RIP-1, and p-p65 were measured by Western blot...
March 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260985/involvement-of-necroptosis-a-newly-recognized-cell-death-type-in-steroid-induced-osteonecrosis-in-a-rabbit-model
#17
Toru Ichiseki, Shusuke Ueda, Yoshimichi Ueda, Masanobu Tuchiya, Ayumi Kaneuji, Norio Kawahara
We investigated the role of programmed necrosis (necroptosis), a newly recognized form of cell necrosis that has been implicated in the development of steroid-induced osteonecrosis. We used an osteonecrosis model in which 30 Japanese white rabbits each weighing 3.5kg were injected once with methylprednisolone at 20 mg/kg body weight into the right gluteal muscle. Ten animals killed 14 days thereafter were designated as S14d groups, while another 10 animals injected with necroptosis, a specific inhibitor of necrostatin-1 i...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252551/effect-of-baicalin-on-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-induced-endothelial-cell-damage
#18
Si Luo, Shi Li, Lei Zhu, Shu-Huan Fang, Jun-Li Chen, Qing-Qing Xu, Hong-Ying Li, Na-Chuan Luo, Cong Yang, Dan Luo, Lin Li, Xiao-Hui Ma, Rong Zhang, Hong Wang, Yun-Bo Chen, Qi Wang
Baicalin, a plant-derived flavonoid, has been reported to exert neuroprotective effects on ischemia-like or excitotoxic injury. To confirm this function and explore the possible mechanism, we investigated the protective effect of baicalin on an in-vitro model of ischemia (oxygen-glucose deprivation-treated endothelial cell). In the present study, we found that baicalin (100 μM) inhibited cell death, reduced cell membrane damage, and maintained the integrity of the nucleus. Flow cytometric analysis and Hoechst 33258/propidium iodide double staining results showed that the necroptosis ratio decreased with baicalin treatment...
April 12, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205631/immature-mice-are-more-susceptible-than-adult-mice-to-acetaminophen-induced-acute-liver-injury
#19
Yan Lu, Cheng Zhang, Yuan-Hua Chen, Hua Wang, Zhi-Hui Zhang, Xi Chen, De-Xiang Xu
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose induces acute liver injury. The aim of the present study was to analyze the difference of susceptibility between immature and adult mice to APAP-induced acute liver injury. Weanling immature and adult mice were injected with APAP (300 mg/kg). As expected, immature mice were more susceptible than adult mice to APAP-induced acute liver injury. APAP-evoked hepatic c-Jun N-terminal kinase phosphorylation was stronger in immature mice than in adult mice. Hepatic receptor-interacting protein (RIP)1 was obviously activated at APAP-exposed immature and adult mice...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074952/upregulation-of-caveolin-1-by-mulberry-leaf-extract-and-its-major-components-chlorogenic-acid-derivatives-attenuates-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-via-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress
#20
Yi-Ju Lee, Jeng-Dong Hsu, Wea-Lung Lin, Shao-Hsuan Kao, Chau-Jong Wang
Excessive alcohol uptake exerts hepatocellular toxicity, ultimately leading to multiple liver diseases such as steatohepatitis and liver cirrhosis. Here, we aimed to explore the effects of mulberry leaf extract (MLE) and its major components chlorogenic acid (CGA) and neochlorogenic acid (nCGA) on alcoholic steatohepatitis. We determined the composition of MLE using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric (LC-MS) analysis, which showed that MLE consisted of mainly chlorogenic acid derivatives and other polyphenols...
January 11, 2017: Food & Function
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