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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138748/identifying-novel-glioma-associated-noncoding-rnas-by-their-expression-profiles
#1
Alenka Matjašič, Mojca Tajnik, Emanuela Boštjančič, Mara Popović, Boštjan Matos, Damjan Glavač
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) play a significant role in cancer development as regulators of protein-coding genes. Their dysregulation was in some extent already associated with glioma, the most aggressive primary brain tumours in adults. The correct diagnosis and treatment selection due to high tumour heterogeneity might be difficult and inadequate, resulting in poor prognosis. Studies of expression patterns of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) could provide useful insight in glioma molecular development...
2017: International Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137410/linc00461-a-long-non-coding-rna-is-important-for-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-glioma-cells
#2
Yali Yang, Mingxin Ren, Chao Song, Dan Li, Shahid Hussain Soomro, Yajie Xiong, Hongfeng Zhang, Hui Fu
An increasing number of reports have revealed that long non-coding RNAs are important players in tumorigenesis. Here we showed that long non-coding RNA LINC00461 is highly expressed in glioma tissues compared to non-neoplastic brain tissues. The knockdown of LINC00461 suppressed cyclinD1/A/E expression which led to G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and inhibited cell proliferation in glioma cells. LINC00461 suppression also inhibited glioma cell migration and invasion. The function of LINC00461 in glioma cells is partially mediated by MAPK/ERK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways as down-regulation of LINC00461 expression suppressed ERK1/2 and AKT activities...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131249/study-on-the-expression-and-mechanism-of-plasma-microrna-21-in-patients-with-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#3
M-B Xie, X-Q Sui, D Pei, Q Yao, Q Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and mechanism of plasma microRNA-21 in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 56 cases of ICM patients were selected in our hospital from February 2010 to March 2016 as the observation group, and 60 cases of healthy patients were selected as control group. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of microRNA-21 in two groups. Then, differences of the total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, LDL-C), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), N terminal B type brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and other clinical indicators of the two groups, were compared...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128043/transcriptome-alterations-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Matthew J Girgenti, Ronald S Duman
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of nearly 8% in the general population. While the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms of PTSD remain unknown, recent studies indicate that PTSD is associated with aberrant gene expression in brain as well as peripheral blood cells. The advent of next-generation sequencing technologies will allow us to elucidate the gene expression changes occurring in both brain and blood of patients with PTSD. RNA sequencing allows for analysis of the amount of transcript being made as well as alternative splicing, novel transcript identification, microRNA, and noncoding RNA quantification...
October 4, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127316/exercise-induced-changes-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-mirnas-in-gulf-war-illness-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-sedentary-control-subjects
#5
James N Baraniuk, Narayan Shivapurkar
Gulf War Illness (GWI) and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) have similar profiles of pain, fatigue, cognitive dysfunction and exertional exhaustion. Post-exertional malaise suggests exercise alters central nervous system functions. Lumbar punctures were performed in GWI, CFS and control subjects after (i) overnight rest (nonexercise) or (ii) submaximal bicycle exercise. Exercise induced postural tachycardia in one third of GWI subjects (Stress Test Activated Reversible Tachycardia, START). The remainder were Stress Test Originated Phantom Perception (STOPP) subjects...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121998/circulating-brain-enriched-micrornas-as-novel-biomarkers-for-detection-and-differentiation-of-neurodegenerative-diseases
#6
Kira S Sheinerman, Jon B Toledo, Vladimir G Tsivinsky, David Irwin, Murray Grossman, Daniel Weintraub, Howard I Hurtig, Alice Chen-Plotkin, David A Wolk, Leo F McCluskey, Lauren B Elman, John Q Trojanowski, Samuil R Umansky
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive specific biomarkers of neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) would facilitate patient selection and disease progression monitoring. We describe the assessment of circulating brain-enriched microRNAs as potential biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: In this case-control study, the plasma samples were collected from 250 research participants with a clinical diagnosis of AD, FTD, PD, and ALS, as well as from age- and sex-matched control subjects (n = 50 for each group), recruited from 2003 to 2015 at the University of Pennsylvania Health System, including the Alzheimer's Disease Center, the Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center, the Frontotemporal Degeneration Center, and the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Clinic...
November 9, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120862/micrornas-participate-in-the-regulation-of-oligodendrocytes-development-in-white-matter-injury
#7
Dongqiong Xiao, Yi Qu, Lingli Pan, Xihong Li, Dezhi Mu
White matter injury (WMI) often results in cognitive impairment, behavioral disorders, and cerebral palsy and thus imposes a tremendous burden on society. The cells in brain white matter mainly comprise oligodendrocytes (OLs), astrocytes, and microglia. The dysregulation of OLs development is the pathological hallmark of WMI. Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) participate in the regulation of OLs development, and the dysregulation of this process represents the pathogenesis of WMI...
November 9, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115566/downregulation-of-microrna%C3%A2-155-by-preoperative-administration-of-valproic-acid-prevents-postoperative-seizures-by-upregulating-scn1a
#8
Zhijie Zhang, Zhenzhong Wang, Bo Zhang, Yan Liu
The risk of seizure is increased following brain surgery such as cranioplasty. Patients with seizures that are treated with valproic acid (VPA) may have a decreased risk of further seizures. To verify microRNA (miR)‑155 as a potential biomarker for the occurrence of seizures, reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) was used. Computational analysis and luciferase reporter assay was performed to identify the putative target of miR‑155. RT‑qPCR and western blot analyses were used to determine the expression level of miR‑155, sodium voltage‑gated channel α subunit 1 (SCN1A) mRNA and protein...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115465/trichosanthes%C3%A2-kirilowii-extract-enhances-repair-of-uvb-radiation%C3%A2-induced-dna-damage-by-regulating-bmal1-and-mir%C3%A2-142%C3%A2-3p-in-human-keratinocytes
#9
Ji-Hye Joo, In-Kee Hong, Nam Kyoung Kim, Eunmi Choi
Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation induces DNA damage, oxidative stress and inflammation, and suppresses the immune system in the skin, which collectively contribute to skin aging and carcinogenesis. The DNA damage response, including DNA repair, can be regulated by the circadian clock and microRNA (miRNA) expression. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reparative action of Trichosanthes kirilowii extract (TKE) against UVB irradiation‑induced DNA damage in human keratinocytes. TKE demonstrated low cytotoxicity in normal HaCaT keratinocytes at low doses (up to 100 µg/ml)...
October 31, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115444/downregulation-of-microrna%C3%A2-124%C3%A2-3p-suppresses-the-mtor-signaling-pathway-by-targeting-ddit4-in-males-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Qiuling Wang, Gaofeng Zhao, Zhenzhen Yang, Xia Liu, Ping Xie
Recent investigations have suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are involved in several pathways that may contribute to the pathomechanism of major depressive disorder (MDD). Sex may not only act as a demographic factor in clinical practive, but may also play a vital role in the molecular heterogeneity of MDD. Although many molecular changes correlated with MDD are found in males, the molecular mechanisms of MDD remain poorly understood. The present study performed bioinformatics analysis to investigate the pathomechanism of MDD in males...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115407/suppression-of-microrna-130b-inhibits-glioma-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-and-induces-apoptosis-by-pten-akt-signaling
#11
Jian-Jun Gu, Kai-Chun Fan, Jian-He Zhang, Hong-Jie Chen, Shou-Sen Wang
Glioblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor in adults and is characterized by extensive proliferation and the diffused invasion of tumor cells. Due to the intricate signaling pathways involved in glioma progression, more effective targeted therapies and prognostic biomarkers in clinical practice are required. The suppression of proto-oncogene function or recovery of tumor suppressor gene function remains one of the primary approaches in gene therapy. The close association between the abnormal expression or mutation of microRNA (miRNA) and the tumorigenesis, progression and staging in glioma have been demonstrated previously...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114076/circular-rna-dlgap4-ameliorates-ischemic-stroke-outcomes-by-targeting-mir-143-to-regulate-endothelial-mesenchymal-transition-associated-with-blood-brain-barrier-integrity
#12
Ying Bai, Yuan Zhang, Bing Han, Li Yang, Xufeng Chen, Rongrong Huang, Fangfang Wu, Jie Chao, Pei Liu, Gang Hu, John H Zhang, Honghong Yao
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are highly expressed in the central nervous system and regulate physiological and pathophysiological processes. However, the potential role of circRNAs in stroke remains largely unknown. Here, we show that the circular RNA DLGAP4 (circDLGAP4) functions as an endogenous microRNA-143 (miR-143) sponge to inhibit miR-143 activity, resulting in the inhibition of HECT domain E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1 (HECTD1) expression. CircDLGAP4 levels were significantly decreased in the plasma of acute ischemic stroke patients (13 females and 13 males) and in a mouse stroke model...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113926/the-role-of-microrna-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
REVIEW
Yuan-Bo Pan, Zhao-Liang Sun, Dong-Fu Feng
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a public health problem that causes high mortality and disability worldwide. Secondary brain damage from this type of injury may cause brain edema, blood-brain barrier destruction, and neurological dysfunction. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and play vital roles in maintaining and regulating physiological function. Notably, studies suggest that miRNA levels are altered in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of rats and mice after TBI...
November 4, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111308/inhibition-of-microrna-210-suppresses-pro-inflammatory-response-and-reduces-acute-brain-injury-of-ischemic-stroke-in-mice
#14
Lei Huang, Qingyi Ma, Yong Li, Bo Li, Lubo Zhang
Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and chronic neurologic disability. Yet, the successful treatment remains limited. In this study, we investigated the efficacy and the mechanism of a novel treatment, microRNA-210 (miR-210) inhibition, in protecting acute ischemic brain injury in adult mice. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in adult male C57BL/6 mice. MiR-210-LNA (miR-210 inhibitor) or the negative control was administered via intracerebroventricular injection 24h prior or 4h after MCAO...
October 27, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110584/microrna-target-cross-talks-key-players-in-glioblastoma-multiforme
#15
Eman Ali Toraih, Nagwa Mahmoud Aly, Hoda Y Abdallah, Saeed Awad Al-Qahtani, Aly Am Shaalan, Mohammad Hosny Hussein, Manal Said Fawzy
The role of microRNAs in brain cancer is still naive. Some act as oncogene and others as tumor suppressors. Discovery of efficient biomarkers is mandatory to debate that aggressive disease. Bioinformatically selected microRNAs and their targets were investigated to evaluate their putative signature as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in primary glioblastoma multiforme. Expression of a panel of seven microRNAs (hsa-miR-34a, hsa-miR-16, hsa-miR-17, hsa-miR-21, hsa-miR-221, hsa-miR-326, and hsa-miR-375) and seven target genes ( E2F3, PI3KCA, TOM34, WNT5A, PDCD4, DFFA, and EGFR) in 43 glioblastoma multiforme specimens were profiled compared to non-cancer tissues via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
November 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105512/changes-in-the-metabolome-and-microrna-levels-in-biological-fluids-might-represent-biomarkers-of-neurotoxicity-a-trimethyltin-study
#16
Syed Z Imam, Zhen He, Elvis Cuevas, Hector Rosas-Hernandez, Susan M Lantz, Sumit Sarkar, James Raymick, Bonnie Robinson, Joseph P Hanig, David Herr, Denise MacMillan, Aaron Smith, Serguei Liachenko, Sherry Ferguson, James O'Callaghan, Diane Miller, Christopher Somps, Ingrid D Pardo, William Slikker, Jennifer B Pierson, Ruth Roberts, Binsheng Gong, Weida Tong, Michael Aschner, Mary J Kallman, David Calligaro, Merle G Paule
Neurotoxicity has been linked with exposure to a number of common drugs and chemicals, yet efficient, accurate, and minimally invasive methods to detect it are lacking. Fluid-based biomarkers such as those found in serum, plasma, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid have great potential due to the relative ease of sampling but at present, data on their expression and translation are lacking or inconsistent. In this pilot study using a trimethyl tin rat model of central nervous system toxicity, we have applied state-of-the-art assessment techniques to identify potential individual biomarkers and patterns of biomarkers in serum, plasma, urine or cerebral spinal fluid that may be indicative of nerve cell damage and degeneration...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104534/mir-148b-regulates-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-neural-stem-cells-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-rat-ischemic-stroke-model
#17
Jingru Wang, Tuanzhi Chen, Guangzhen Shan
Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Stroke induced proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) that have been proven to participate in ischemic brain repair. However, molecular mechanisms that regulate neurogenesis have not been fully investigated. MicroRNAs play an important role in the neurological repairing process and impact stroke recovery outcome. MiRNA-148b has been reported to regulate cell proliferation in tumor cells, but its role in NSCs after ischemic stroke remains unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104495/exosomal-mir-7-mediates-bystander-autophagy-in-lung-after-focal-brain-irradiation-in-mice
#18
Shang Cai, Geng-Sheng Shi, Hui-Ying Cheng, Ya-Nan Zeng, Gen Li, Meng Zhang, Man Song, Ping-Kun Zhou, Ye Tian, Feng-Mei Cui, Qiu Chen
This study investigated whether exosomal microRNA-7 (miR-7) mediates lung bystander autophagy after focal brain irradiation in mice. After 10 Gy or sham irradiation of mice brains, lung tissues were extracted for the detection of autophagy markers by immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR), meanwhile the brains were dissociated, the neuron/astrocyte/microglia/oligodendrocyte were isolated, and the miR-7 expression in each population were detected, respectively...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090669/mir-132-down-regulates-methyl-cpg-binding-protein-2-mecp2-during-cognitive-dysfunction-following-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#19
Zhao-Hui Yao, Xiao-Li Yao, Yong Zhang, Shao-Feng Zhang, Jichang Hu
BACKGROUND: Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion (CCH) is an important vascular risk factor for vascular-related dementia cognitive impairment and there are no effective measures for the prevention and treatment of cognitive deficit by CCH and the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Methyl cytidine-phosphate-guanosine (CpG) binding protein 2 (MeCP2), regulated by microRNA 132 (miR-132), is as a transcriptional repressor in high concentrations in the brain, regulates the expression of synaptic proteins and neuroplasticity, and may be involved in the cognitive deficit after CCH...
November 1, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081036/microrna-378-enhances-radiation-response-in-ectopic-and-orthotopic-implantation-models-of-glioblastoma
#20
Wende Li, Yujiao Liu, Weining Yang, Xiaoxing Han, Sen Li, Hao Liu, Leo E Gerweck, Dai Fukumura, Jay S Loeffler, Burton B Yang, Rakesh K Jain, Peigen Huang
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and highly malignant primary brain tumor, which is virtually incurable due to its therapeutic resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. To develop novel therapeutic approaches for treatment of GBM, we examined the role of miR-378 on tumor growth, angiogenesis, and radiation response in ectopic and orthotopic U87 glioblastoma models. Cell and tumor growth rates, in vitro and in vivo radiation sensitivities, and tumor vascular density were evaluated in U87-GFP and U87-miR-378 tumor lines...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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