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Miguel Mínguez, Antonio López Higueras, Javier Júdez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate in an analytical and descriptive manner the evidence published so far on the use of polyethylene glycol (PEG), with or without electrolytes, in the management of functional constipation and the treatment of fecal impaction. METHODOLOGY: Search on MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases until May 2016 of all publications adjusted to the following terms: constipation AND/OR fecal impaction AND (PEG OR polyethylene glycol OR macrogol OR movicol OR idralax OR miralax OR transipeg OR forlax OR golytely OR isocolan OR mulytely) NOT colonoscopy...
December 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Julie Jordan-Ely, John M Hutson, Bridget R Southwell
AIM: Constipation is a common cause of admission to hospital for disimpaction, as oral laxatives are often inadequate. High-dose oral laxative protocols are used for complete bowel clearance prior to colonoscopy, but have not been reported for treating faecal impaction. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a high-dose oral protocol using polyethylene glycol with electrolytes (PEG + E) (Movicol Rx) combined with sodium picosulphate (SP) (Dulcolax SP Rx) in faecal impaction in children presenting to a suburban clinic...
December 2015: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Carol Stott, Lisa Graaf, Patricia Morgan, Julia Kittscha, Greg Fairbrother
PURPOSE: We compared a standardized postoperative laxative protocol to laxatives provided on an ad hoc basis by the surgical team. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Forty-five patients who underwent colostomy surgery participated in the study. The research setting was 2 acute care facilities in south-eastern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. The intervention group (n 5 19) received a standardized laxative protocol postsurgery...
September 2012: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Tze J Lam, Chris Jj Mulder, Richelle Jf Felt-Bersma
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients suffering from chronic constipation require long-term, regular therapy with laxatives. Literature regarding patient preference and acceptance in polyethylene glycol preparations is scarce. Therefore, this research aimed to identify preference between the three polyethylene glycol 3350, namely Molaxole(®), Movicol(®), and Laxtra Orange(®). Furthermore, taste is one of the most important factors leading to patients' adherence, particularly when the treatment lasts for a long time...
2011: Patient Preference and Adherence
J D Belsey, M Geraint, T A Dixon
It is unclear how polyethylene glycol (PEG) laxatives compare with other classes of laxative in terms of efficacy. To assess efficacy of PEG vs. placebo and active comparators in adults with non-organic constipation. Text Word searches were carried out on MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials and Google Scholar databases covering the period January 1970 to October 2009. Search terms were (constipation) AND (randomised OR randomized) AND (PEG OR polyethylene OR macrogol OR movicol OR idrolax OR miralax OR transipeg OR forlax OR colyte OR golytely OR isocolan OR nulytely) NOT colonoscopy...
June 2010: International Journal of Clinical Practice
R R Taylor, J F Guest
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether macrogol 3350 (Movicol) affords the UK's National Health Service (NHS) a cost-effective addition to the current range of laxatives. AIM: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of macrogol 3350 compared with lactulose in the treatment of chronic constipation, from the perspective of the UK's NHS. METHODS: A decision model depicting the management of chronic constipation was constructed using clinical outcomes and resource use values derived from patients suffering from chronic constipation in The Health Independent Network (THIN) database...
January 15, 2010: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Emanuele Neri, Francesca Turini, Francesca Cerri, Paola Vagli, Carlo Bartolozzi
The purpose of the study was to test the tagging performance and patient's acceptance of a reduced cathartic preparation, based on iodixanol and PEG, administered to patients 3 h before the exam. One hundred and thirty-two asymptomatic patients were enrolled. As colonic cleansing we used PEG macrogol 3350. For fluid tagging iodixanol was orally administered 3 h before the exam, in a total dose of 50 mL mixed with 34.8 g of PEG in 750 mL of water. Image's review showed 446 segments (56.4%) clean of feces and 346 segments (43...
September 2009: Abdominal Imaging
Julian F Guest, David C A Candy, John P Clegg, Di Edwards, Marianne T Helter, Anne K Dale, John Fell, Michael Cosgrove, Geoffrey Debelle
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the clinical and economic impact of using macrogol 3350 plus electrolytes (macrogol 3350; Movicol; Movicol Paediatric Plain) in an outpatient setting compared to enemas and suppositories and manual evacuation to treat paediatric faecal impaction. METHODS: A chart review was undertaken to extract clinical outcomes and resource use from the case notes of a cohort of children aged 2-11 years with faecal impaction who initially received either macrogol 3350 (in an outpatient setting) or enemas and suppositories or manual evacuation for initial disimpaction...
September 2007: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Julian F Guest, Susan J Varney
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the economic impact of using low-dose macrogol 3350 plus electrolytes (macrogol 3350; Movicol((R))) compared with lactulose in the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation among ambulant patients in Belgium, from the perspectives of the Sick Fund and patients. The analysis considered separately the economic impact of (a) a specialist and (b) a general practitioner (GP) initiating treatment. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a modelling study performed from the perspective of Belgium's Sick Fund and patients...
2004: Clinical Drug Investigation
Hui-Ji Wang, Xiao-Mei Liang, Zhong-Lin Yu, Li-Ya Zhou, San-Ren Lin, Mike Geraint
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350 plus electrolytes (PEG+E; Movicol((R))) with that of ispaghula husk (psyllium; Konsyl((R))) in the treatment of constipation. PATIENTS: Male or female adults with chronic functional constipation. METHODS: This was a randomised, controlled, open-label, parallel-group trial. Study treatment was either PEG+E 13.8g/sachet dissolved in water twice daily or ispaghula husk 3...
2004: Clinical Drug Investigation
Etienne Dorval, Jean Marie Jankowski, Jean-Pierre Barbieux, Jérôme Viguier, Philippe Bertrand, Brigitte Brondin, Philippe Bougnoux, Denis E Corpet et al.
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dietary polyethylene glycol (PEG) is extraordinarily potent in the chemoprevention of experimental colon carcinogenesis. PEG is used to treat constipation in France and in the USA. French laxatives include Forlax (PEG4000), Movicol and Transipeg (PEG3350), and Idrocol (pluronic F68). This study tests the hypothesis that use of a PEG-based laxative might reduce the prevalence of colorectal tumors. METHODS: In this population-based study, consecutive patients attending for routine total colonoscopy were enrolled during four months by the gastroenterologists of Indre-et-Loire...
October 2006: Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique
I Migeon-Duballet, M Chabin, A Gautier, T Mistouflet, M Bonnet, J M Aubert, M Halphen
OBJECTIVES: The efficacy and safety of treatments for constipation in severely intellectually disabled patients and their associated cost-effectiveness are an under-investigated area of clinical practice. Aiming to address this, the objectives of the study were to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of polyethylene glycol 3350 plus electrolytes (Movicol; PEG+E) by comparing clinical data collected before and after its introduction to a stable population of residents of a mental health care, long-stay institution...
June 2006: Current Medical Research and Opinion
David C A Candy, Diane Edwards, Mike Geraint
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of polyethylene glycol 3350 plus electrolytes (PEG + E; Movicol) as oral monotherapy in the treatment of faecal impaction in children, and to compare PEG + E with lactulose as maintenance therapy in a randomised trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An initial open-label study of PEG + E in the inpatient treatment of faecal impaction (phase 1), followed by a randomised, double-blind comparison between PEG + E and lactulose for maintenance treatment of constipation over a 3-month period (phase 2) in children aged 2 to 11 years with a clinical diagnosis of faecal impaction...
July 2006: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Sandra Hanson, Nav Bansal
This audit reviewed the clinical effectiveness of polyethylene glycol 3350 plus electrolytes (PEG+E, Movicol) in the management of severe paediatric constipation. A seven-day disimpaction regimen was initiated followed by a maintenance dose as appropriate. An information and support service was provided by the community children's nursing team (CCNT) at Darent Valley Hospital. Twenty-three parents completed questionnaires on their children's experiences with previous and current laxative treatments, bowel movement status, in-patient admissions or home visits required and the perceived value of the back up service...
March 2006: Paediatric Nursing
Julian F Guest, John P Clegg
OBJECTIVE: To compare the costs and consequences of using oral macrogol 3350 plus electrolytes (macrogol 3350; Movicol) compared to enemas/suppositories, manual evacuation and naso-gastric administration of macrogol (NGA-PEG) lavage solution in treating paediatric faecal impaction in Australia. METHOD: A decision model was constructed using published clinical outcomes, utilities and clinician-derived resource utilisation estimates. The model was used to determine the expected Commonwealth and parent costs associated with each treatment over the period of disimpaction and 12 weeks post-disimpaction, in Australian dollars at 2003/2004 prices...
January 2006: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Chun-Chia Chen, Ming-Yao Su, Shui-Yi Tung, Full-Yang Chang, Jau-Min Wong, Mike Geraint
INTRODUCTION: Extreme and severe cases of constipation can lead to faecal impaction. Current therapies are often both ineffective and unpleasant. The objective of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Movicol, a polyethylene glycol (PEG) + electrolyte solution (PEG+E), as treatment for severe constipation and faecal impaction. PATIENTS: 56 patients (aged 17 to 88 years) with a history of chronic constipation and presenting with no bowel movement for three to four days (severe constipation), or no bowel movement for at least five days (faecal impaction), were enrolled at three centres in Taiwan...
October 2005: Current Medical Research and Opinion
A Ungar
To resolve severe constipation or faecal impaction requires the induction of a large increase in faecal water content that hitherto has only been achieved with enemas. A novel iso-osmotic laxative has been shown to achieve a similar effect from oral dosing.
January 2000: Hospital Medicine
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