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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511595/presence-and-predictive-value-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders
#1
Mieke Klein Hofmeijer-Sevink, Neeltje M Batelaan, Harold J G M van Megen, Marcel A van den Hout, Brenda W Penninx, Anton J L M van Balkom, Danielle C Cath
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) co-occur frequently with anxiety and depressive disorders, but the nature of their relationship and their impact on severity of anxiety and depressive disorders is poorly understood. In a large sample of patients with anxiety and depressive disorders, we assessed the frequency of OCS, defined as a Young Adult Self-Report Scale-obsessive-compulsive symptoms score >7. The associations between OCS and severity of anxiety and/or depressive disorders were examined, and it was investigated whether OCS predict onset, relapse, and persistence of anxiety and depressive disorders...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511441/catheter-assisted-balloon-supported-retrieval-of-a-broken-semi-compliant-balloon-from-a-coronary-artery
#2
Brajesh Kumar Kunwar, Pranay Jain, Mahesh Ghogare
Incidents of broken balloon in a coronary vasculature during percutaneous coronary angioplasty are very rare. Such events in cath-lab may create panic and can be life threatening for patients. Hence, immediate retrieval of broken balloon becomes vital. Here, we report an unusual complication of broken balloon in the mid portion of the left anterior descending coronary artery, which had a calcified and totally occluded in-stent restenotic lesion. The broken balloon was retrieved successfully with no eventual complication using a simple catheter-assisted balloon-supported retrieval technique...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502318/look-out-a-trap-in-the-cardiac-cath-lab
#3
Martin Geyer, Thomas Münzel, Frank P Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499099/evidence-for-sex-convergence-in-prevalence-of-cannabis-use-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#4
Cath Chapman, Tim Slade, Wendy Swift, Katherine Keyes, Zoe Tonks, Maree Teesson
OBJECTIVE: Generally, cannabis use has been more prevalent in men than in women. However, emerging evidence suggests that the prevalence of cannabis use is converging among males and females from recent cohorts. This study aimed to systematically summarize published literature on birth cohort changes in male-to-female ratios in prevalence of cannabis use. METHOD: Twenty-two studies with a median sample size of 85,052 were identified for inclusion. Data were collected between 1979 and 2010, representing birth cohorts from 1936 to 1999...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497006/under-pressure-intraluminal-filling-pressures-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-tamponade-balloons
#5
Kathleen M Antony, Diana A Racusin, Michael A Belfort, Gary A Dildy
Objective Uterine tamponade by fluid-filled balloons is now an accepted method of controlling postpartum hemorrhage. Available tamponade balloons vary in design and material, which affects the filling attributes and volume at which they rupture. We aimed to characterize the filling capacity and pressure-volume relationship of various tamponade balloons. Study Design Balloons were filled with water ex vivo. Intraluminal pressure was measured incrementally (every 10 mL for the Foley balloons and every 50 mL for all other balloons)...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495535/endoluminal-dilation-technique-to-remove-stuck-port-a-cath-a-case-report
#6
Paolo Cerini, Giuseppe Guzzardi, Andrea Galbiati, Carmelo Stanca, Bruno Del Sette, Alessandro Carriero
Port-a-cath is a type of central venous catheter (CVC) designed to allow repeated access to the venous system for parenteral delivery of medications, fluids, and nutritional solutions and for sampling venous blood. After years of use or in case of damage, CVC must be removed and eventually replaced: the recovery of the device should normally be easy, with a small surgical incision of the skin and tissues surrounding the device and pulling the catheter. Sometimes scar tissue can develop around the device, making it resistant to removal even after application of forceful traction...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488413/preventing-and-treating-coronary-perforations-lessons-from-disaster-management
#7
EDITORIAL
Yader Sandoval, Emmanouil S Brilakis
Coronary artery perforations (CAP) are rare in patients undergoing routine PCI with recent contemporary databases reporting an incidence ∼0.3%. Older age, cardiomyopathy or left ventricular dysfunction, mechanical circulatory support prior to PCI, and CTO lesions have the strongest association with CAP. Prevention, early detection, preparedness and familiarity with the equipment used to treat perforations (such as efficient use of covered stents, and fat or coil embolization) and regrouping to examine and educate about these experiences are key for improving our response to cath lab disasters...
May 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473508/uk-parents-attitudes-towards-meningococcal-group-b-menb-vaccination-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Cath Jackson, Joanne Yarwood, Vanessa Saliba, Helen Bedford
OBJECTIVES: (1) To explore existing knowledge of, and attitudes, to group B meningococcal disease and serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccine among parents of young children. (2) To seek views on their information needs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative study using individual and group interviews conducted in February and March 2015, prior to the introduction of MenB vaccine (Bexsero) into the UK childhood immunisation schedule. SETTING: Community centres, mother and toddler groups, parents' homes and workplaces in London and Yorkshire...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465980/transesophageal-echocardiography-in-a-distal-aortopulmonary-window
#9
Subramanian Chellappan, Ashish Katewa, Yogesh C Sathe
Aortopulmonary window (APW) is a relatively rare cardiac lesion representing approximately 0.2%-0.4% of all cardiac malformation. It is a cardiac abnormality that results from abnormal communication between the proximal aorta and the main pulmonary artery in the presence of two normally separated aortic and pulmonary valves. In the past, the diagnostic and surgical approach to APW was almost always preceded by cardiac catheterization. With recent advances in noninvasive approach and techniques of two-dimensional echocardiography diagnosis of the defect and associated anomalies are facilitated without a cath study...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462713/antimicrobial-and-immunomodulatory-activity-of-pmap-23-derived-peptides
#10
Edwin J A Veldhuizen, Maaike R Scheenstra, Johanna L M Tjeerdsma-van Bokhoven, Maarten Coorens, Viktoria A F Schneider, Floris J Bikker, Albert van Dijk, Henk P Haagsman
The Porcine Myeloid Antibacterial Peptide (PMAP)-23 is a porcine host defence peptide with described strong antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi. In this study, PMAP-23 and short and/or mutated derivatives were tested for antibacterial and immunomodulatory activities to determine core elements of the peptide required for functionality. Shortening of the peptide on either N- or C-terminus did not lead to a strong reduction in antibacterial activity, but interestingly, all C-terminal truncated forms were strongly inhibited by salt addition...
April 28, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456317/long-term-prognostic-value-of-appropriate-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#11
Angela S Koh, Weng Kit Lye, Shaw Yang Chia, Jennifer Salunat-Flores, Ling L Sim, Felix Y J Keng, Ru San Tan, Terrance S J Chua
Appropriate use criteria (AUC) for single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion images (SPECT-MPIs) were developed to address the growth of cardiac imaging studies. Long-term prognostic value of AUC in SPECT-MPI has not been tested in existing cohorts. We sought to determine the long-term prognostic value of MPI classified as appropriate. AUC was evaluated in a prospectively designed cohort of patients who underwent clinically indicated MPI. MPI studies were classified based on 2009 AUC for SPECT-MPI...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414478/enhancing-effects-of-contingency-instructions-on-fear-acquisition-and-extinction-in-anxiety-disorders
#12
Puck Duits, Jan Richter, Johanna M P Baas, Iris M Engelhard, Anke Limberg-Thiesen, Ivo Heitland, Alfons O Hamm, Danielle C Cath
Explicit instructions regarding stimulus-threat associations increase acquisition and extinction of fear in healthy participants. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of contingency instructions on fear acquisition and extinction in patients with anxiety disorders. Patients with various anxiety disorders (N = 104) and healthy comparison participants (N = 93) participated in a differential fear conditioning task (within-subjects design). Approximately halfway through the acquisition phase, participants were instructed about the stimulus-threat association, and approximately halfway through the extinction phase, participants were informed that the unconditioned stimulus (US) would no longer be administered...
May 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382405/-emergency-management-in-the-heart-catheter-laboratory-when-intensive-care-physicians-meet-cardiologists
#13
REVIEW
G Michels, C Adler, H Reuter, R Pfister
The establishment of primary percutaneous interventions for the treatment of myocardial infarction, increasingly complex coronary and noncoronary interventions in severely ill patients, and the increasing rise in the number of catheter examinations in elderly and morbid patients due to demographics frequently necessitates involvement of intensive care physicians for primary care of unstable patients and management of complications within the cath lab. In the context of complication and risk management, therefore, all cardiac catheter labs should develop a checklist in collaboration with the respective emergency/intensive care team...
April 5, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374678/incidence-and-outcome-of-switching-of-oral-platelet-p2y12-receptor-inhibitors-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-the-scope-registry
#14
Leonardo De Luca, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Giuseppe Musumeci, Francesco Saia, Guido Parodi, Ferdinando Varbella, Alfredo Marchese, Stefano De Servi, Sergio Berti, Leonardo Bolognese
AIMS: In patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) switching of oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors may frequently occur. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SCOPE registry was a multicenter, observational, prospective study aimed to evaluate the incidence and 1-month outcome of switching of oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors in consecutive ACS patients undergoing PCI during a 3-month period. A total of 1363 consecutive patients have been enrolled in 39 PCI centers across Italy...
April 4, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361446/does-milk-intake-promote-prostate-cancer-initiation-or-progression-via-effects-on-insulin-like-growth-factors-igfs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Sean Harrison, Rosie Lennon, Jeff Holly, Julian P T Higgins, Mike Gardner, Claire Perks, Tom Gaunt, Vanessa Tan, Cath Borwick, Pauline Emmet, Mona Jeffreys, Kate Northstone, Sabina Rinaldi, Stephen Thomas, Suzanne D Turner, Anna Pease, Vicky Vilenchick, Richard M Martin, Sarah J Lewis
PURPOSE: To establish whether the association between milk intake and prostate cancer operates via the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) pathway (including IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3). METHODS: Systematic review, collating data from all relevant studies examining associations of milk with IGF, and those examining associations of IGF with prostate cancer risk and progression. Data were extracted from experimental and observational studies conducted in either humans or animals, and analyzed using meta-analysis where possible, with summary data presented otherwise...
June 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353045/artificial-intelligence-and-the-good-society-the-us-eu-and-uk-approach
#16
Corinne Cath, Sandra Wachter, Brent Mittelstadt, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Luciano Floridi
In October 2016, the White House, the European Parliament, and the UK House of Commons each issued a report outlining their visions on how to prepare society for the widespread use of artificial intelligence (AI). In this article, we provide a comparative assessment of these three reports in order to facilitate the design of policies favourable to the development of a 'good AI society'. To do so, we examine how each report addresses the following three topics: (a) the development of a 'good AI society'; (b) the role and responsibility of the government, the private sector, and the research community (including academia) in pursuing such a development; and (c) where the recommendations to support such a development may be in need of improvement...
March 28, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351599/microbiology-managers-managerial-training-in-the-ritrain-project
#17
R Russell M Paterson, Nelson Lima, Cath Brooksbank, Enrico Guarini, Markus Pasterk, Marialuisa Lavitrano
Leaders of research infrastructures (RIs) in Europe who are scientists require competencies in management. RItrain has addressed this issue by identifying skills required, locating relevant courses and finding gaps, whilst establishing a Master of Management programme. We describe how one contributing microbiology RI determined the most relevant skills.
March 25, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347938/varying-cognitive-targets-and-response-rates-to-enhance-the-question-behaviour-effect-an-8-arm-randomized-controlled-trial-on-influenza-vaccination-uptake
#18
Mark Conner, Tracy Sandberg, Chandani Nekitsing, Russell Hutter, Chantelle Wood, Cath Jackson, Gaston Godin, Paschal Sheeran
RATIONALE: The question-behaviour effect (QBE) refers to the finding that survey questions about a behaviour can change that behaviour. However, little research has tested how the QBE can be maximized in behavioural medicine settings. The present research tested manipulations of cognitive targets (questions about anticipated regret or beneficence) and survey return rates (presence vs. absence of a sticky note requesting completion of the questionnaire) on the magnitude of the QBE for influenza vaccination in older adults...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339728/comparative-expression-of-host-defense-peptides-in-turkey-poults
#19
Shaimaa K Hamad, Sungwon Kim, Samer W El-Kadi, Eric A Wong, Rami A Dalloul
Host defense peptides (HDPs) are a large group of small, positively charged peptides that play an important role in innate immunity, particularly at early ages when other components of the immune system have not fully developed. There are 3 classes of avian HDPs: avian beta defensins (AvBDs), cathelicidins (Cath), and liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2 (LEAP-2). The objective was to compare expression of HDP mRNAs in male turkey poults at day of hatch (d 0), d 7, d 14, d 21 and d 28 from the thymus, spleen, bursa, duodenum, jejunum, and ileum...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334456/a-systematic-review-of-combined-student-and-parent-based-programs-to-prevent-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-adolescents
#20
REVIEW
Nicola C Newton, Katrina E Champion, Tim Slade, Cath Chapman, Lexine Stapinski, Ina Koning, Zoe Tonks, Maree Teesson
ISSUES: Alcohol and other drug use among adolescents is a serious concern, and effective prevention is critical. Research indicates that expanding school-based prevention programs to include parenting components could increase prevention outcomes. This paper aims to identify and describe existing combined student- and parent-based programs for the prevention of alcohol and other drug use to evaluate the efficacy of existing programs. APPROACH: The PsycINFO, Medline, Central Register of Controlled trials and Cochrane databases were searched in April 2015 and additional articles were obtained from reference lists...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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