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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414478/enhancing-effects-of-contingency-instructions-on-fear-acquisition-and-extinction-in-anxiety-disorders
#1
Puck Duits, Jan Richter, Johanna M P Baas, Iris M Engelhard, Anke Limberg-Thiesen, Ivo Heitland, Alfons O Hamm, Danielle C Cath
Explicit instructions regarding stimulus-threat associations increase acquisition and extinction of fear in healthy participants. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of contingency instructions on fear acquisition and extinction in patients with anxiety disorders. Patients with various anxiety disorders (N = 104) and healthy comparison participants (N = 93) participated in a differential fear conditioning task (within-subjects design). Approximately halfway through the acquisition phase, participants were instructed about the stimulus-threat association, and approximately halfway through the extinction phase, participants were informed that the unconditioned stimulus (US) would no longer be administered...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382405/-emergency-management-in-the-heart-catheter-laboratory-when-intensive-care-physicians-meet-cardiologists
#2
REVIEW
G Michels, C Adler, H Reuter, R Pfister
The establishment of primary percutaneous interventions for the treatment of myocardial infarction, increasingly complex coronary and noncoronary interventions in severely ill patients, and the increasing rise in the number of catheter examinations in elderly and morbid patients due to demographics frequently necessitates involvement of intensive care physicians for primary care of unstable patients and management of complications within the cath lab. In the context of complication and risk management, therefore, all cardiac catheter labs should develop a checklist in collaboration with the respective emergency/intensive care team...
April 5, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374678/incidence-and-outcome-of-switching-of-oral-platelet-p2y12-receptor-inhibitors-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-the-scope-registry
#3
Leonardo De Luca, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Giuseppe Musumeci, Francesco Saia, Guido Parodi, Ferdinando Varbella, Alfredo Marchese, Stefano De Servi, Sergio Berti, Leonardo Bolognese
AIMS: In patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) switching of oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors may frequently occur. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SCOPE registry was a multicenter, observational, prospective study aimed to evaluate the incidence and 1-month outcome of switching of oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors in consecutive ACS patients undergoing PCI during a 3-month period. A total of 1363 consecutive patients have been enrolled in 39 PCI centers across Italy...
April 4, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361446/does-milk-intake-promote-prostate-cancer-initiation-or-progression-via-effects-on-insulin-like-growth-factors-igfs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Sean Harrison, Rosie Lennon, Jeff Holly, Julian P T Higgins, Mike Gardner, Claire Perks, Tom Gaunt, Vanessa Tan, Cath Borwick, Pauline Emmet, Mona Jeffreys, Kate Northstone, Sabina Rinaldi, Stephen Thomas, Suzanne D Turner, Anna Pease, Vicky Vilenchick, Richard M Martin, Sarah J Lewis
PURPOSE: To establish whether the association between milk intake and prostate cancer operates via the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) pathway (including IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3). METHODS: Systematic review, collating data from all relevant studies examining associations of milk with IGF, and those examining associations of IGF with prostate cancer risk and progression. Data were extracted from experimental and observational studies conducted in either humans or animals, and analyzed using meta-analysis where possible, with summary data presented otherwise...
March 30, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353045/artificial-intelligence-and-the-good-society-the-us-eu-and-uk-approach
#5
Corinne Cath, Sandra Wachter, Brent Mittelstadt, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Luciano Floridi
In October 2016, the White House, the European Parliament, and the UK House of Commons each issued a report outlining their visions on how to prepare society for the widespread use of artificial intelligence (AI). In this article, we provide a comparative assessment of these three reports in order to facilitate the design of policies favourable to the development of a 'good AI society'. To do so, we examine how each report addresses the following three topics: (a) the development of a 'good AI society'; (b) the role and responsibility of the government, the private sector, and the research community (including academia) in pursuing such a development; and (c) where the recommendations to support such a development may be in need of improvement...
March 28, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351599/microbiology-managers-managerial-training-in-the-ritrain-project
#6
R Russell M Paterson, Nelson Lima, Cath Brooksbank, Enrico Guarini, Markus Pasterk, Marialuisa Lavitrano
Leaders of research infrastructures (RIs) in Europe who are scientists require competencies in management. RItrain has addressed this issue by identifying skills required, locating relevant courses and finding gaps, whilst establishing a Master of Management programme. We describe how one contributing microbiology RI determined the most relevant skills.
March 25, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347938/varying-cognitive-targets-and-response-rates-to-enhance-the-question-behaviour-effect-an-8-arm-randomized-controlled-trial-on-influenza-vaccination-uptake
#7
Mark Conner, Tracy Sandberg, Chandani Nekitsing, Russell Hutter, Chantelle Wood, Cath Jackson, Gaston Godin, Paschal Sheeran
RATIONALE: The question-behaviour effect (QBE) refers to the finding that survey questions about a behaviour can change that behaviour. However, little research has tested how the QBE can be maximized in behavioural medicine settings. The present research tested manipulations of cognitive targets (questions about anticipated regret or beneficence) and survey return rates (presence vs. absence of a sticky note requesting completion of the questionnaire) on the magnitude of the QBE for influenza vaccination in older adults...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339728/comparative-expression-of-host-defense-peptides-in-turkey-poults
#8
Shaimaa K Hamad, Sungwon Kim, Samer W El-Kadi, Eric A Wong, Rami A Dalloul
Host defense peptides (HDPs) are a large group of small, positively charged peptides that play an important role in innate immunity, particularly at early ages when other components of the immune system have not fully developed. There are 3 classes of avian HDPs: avian beta defensins (AvBDs), cathelicidins (Cath), and liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2 (LEAP-2). The objective was to compare expression of HDP mRNAs in male turkey poults at day of hatch (d 0), d 7, d 14, d 21 and d 28 from the thymus, spleen, bursa, duodenum, jejunum, and ileum...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334456/a-systematic-review-of-combined-student-and-parent-based-programs-to-prevent-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-adolescents
#9
REVIEW
Nicola C Newton, Katrina E Champion, Tim Slade, Cath Chapman, Lexine Stapinski, Ina Koning, Zoe Tonks, Maree Teesson
ISSUES: Alcohol and other drug use among adolescents is a serious concern, and effective prevention is critical. Research indicates that expanding school-based prevention programs to include parenting components could increase prevention outcomes. This paper aims to identify and describe existing combined student- and parent-based programs for the prevention of alcohol and other drug use to evaluate the efficacy of existing programs. APPROACH: The PsycINFO, Medline, Central Register of Controlled trials and Cochrane databases were searched in April 2015 and additional articles were obtained from reference lists...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327572/the-role-of-genetic-counsellors-in-genomic-healthcare-in-the-united-kingdom-a-statement-by-the-association-of-genetic-nurses-and-counsellors
#10
Anna Middleton, Peter Marks, Anita Bruce, Liwsi K Protheroe-Davies, Cath King, Oonagh Claber, Catherine Houghton, Claire Giffney, Rhona Macleod, Claire Dolling, Sue Kenwrick, Diana Scotcher, Georgina Hall, Christine Patch, Laura Boyes
In the United Kingdom, genetic counsellors work together with clinical geneticists and clinical scientist colleagues within specialist genetics services, but they also often work in multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) outside of such services. There, they contribute genetic knowledge together with expert understanding of how to communicate genetic information effectively. They can offer education and support to the MDT, while providing management advice for both affected patients and the extended at-risk family members...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296143/targeting-the-safe-zone
#11
Andrea Mignatti, Patricia Friedmann, David Paul Slovut
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a quality improvement (QI) program in reducing vascular complications during cardiac catheterization. BACKGROUND: Vascular access complications during cardiac catheterization are associated with higher morbidity and mortality. We implemented a QI program focused on using micropuncture techniques and targeting the "safe zone," an area below the inferior border of the inferior epigastric artery and above the inferior border of the femoral head, for femoral artery puncture...
March 15, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293489/a-novel-strategy-to-supercharge-a-deep-inferior-epigastric-artery-perforator-flap-after-port-a-cath-removal
#12
Chad M Teven, Adrian S H Ooi, David W Chang, David H Song
Autologous breast reconstruction using the deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap has become increasingly popular because of its unique advantages. However, compared with some other forms of abdominal-based autologous reconstruction, DIEP flaps are associated with an increased risk of venous congestion. Many techniques-or lifeboats-have been introduced to diagnose and treat this potentially devastating complication. In this case report, we describe a novel strategy to augment venous drainage when venous congestion is encountered...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288596/needles-jabs-and-jags-a-qualitative-exploration-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-child-and-adult-immunisation-uptake-among-gypsies-travellers-and-roma
#13
Cath Jackson, Helen Bedford, Francine M Cheater, Louise Condon, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Philippa Kemsley, Susan Kerr, Helen J Lewis, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson, Christine Shepherd, Lesley Smith, Lisa Dyson
BACKGROUND: Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, it is necessary to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. This study had two aims. 1. Investigate the views of Travellers in the UK on the barriers and facilitators to acceptability and uptake of immunisations and explore their ideas for improving immunisation uptake; 2...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271557/early-cardiac-catheterization-leads-to-shortened-pediatric-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-run-duration
#14
Christopher R Burke, Titus Chan, Agustin E Rubio, David M McMullan
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac catheterization in patients receiving extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has previously been shown to be safe and, in many cases, therapeutic. However, the influence of cardiac catheterization on clinical outcomes in this patient population has not been clearly defined. METHODS: A single institution, retrospective review of all pediatric cardiac ECLS patients who underwent cardiac catheterization between January 2006 and September 2015 was performed...
April 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268814/a-machine-learning-framework-for-auto-classification-of-imaging-system-exams-in-hospital-setting-for-utilization-optimization
#15
Meru A Patil, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Jacob John
In clinical environment, Interventional X-Ray (IXR) system is used on various anatomies and for various types of the procedures. It is important to classify correctly each exam of IXR system into respective procedures and/or assign to correct anatomy. This classification enhances productivity of the system in terms of better scheduling of the Cath lab, also provides means to perform device usage/revenue forecast of the system by hospital management and focus on targeted treatment planning for a disease/anatomy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259143/training-on-domestic-violence-and-child-safeguarding-in-general-practice-a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention
#16
Natalia V Lewis, Cath Larkins, Nicky Stanley, Eszter Szilassy, William Turner, Jessica Drinkwater, Gene S Feder
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to domestic violence is a type of child maltreatment, yet many general practice clinicians remain uncertain of their child safeguarding responsibilities in the context of domestic violence. We developed an evidence-based pilot training on domestic violence and child safeguarding for general practice teams. The aim of this study was to test and evaluate its feasibility, acceptability and the direction of change in short-term outcome measures. METHODS: We used a mixed method design which included a pre-post questionnaire survey, qualitative analysis of free-text comments, training observations, and post-training interviews with trainers and participants...
March 4, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249209/microbial-electrochemical-nutrient-recovery-in-anaerobic-osmotic-membrane-bioreactors
#17
Dianxun Hou, Lu Lu, Dongya Sun, Zheng Ge, Xia Huang, Tzahi Y Cath, Zhiyong Jason Ren
This study demonstrates that by incorporating a microbial electrochemical unit into an anaerobic osmotic membrane bioreactor (AnOMBR), the system addressed several challenges faced by traditional anaerobic membrane bioreactors and recovered biogas, nitrogen, and phosphorus while maintaining high effluent quality with low dissolved methane. The microbial recovery cell (MRC)-AnOMBR system showed excellent organic (>93%) and phosphorus removal (>99%) and maintained effluent COD below 20 mg/L. Furthermore, the reactor effectively recovered up to 65% PO4(3-) and 45% NH4(+) from the influent, which can be further improved if membranes with higher selectivity are used...
February 20, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227009/a-machine-learning-framework-for-auto-classification-of-imaging-system-exams-in-hospital-setting-for-utilization-optimization
#18
Meru A Patil, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Jacob John, Meru A Patil, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Jacob John, Meru A Patil, Jacob John, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy
In clinical environment, Interventional X-Ray (IXR) system is used on various anatomies and for various types of the procedures. It is important to classify correctly each exam of IXR system into respective procedures and/or assign to correct anatomy. This classification enhances productivity of the system in terms of better scheduling of the Cath lab, also provides means to perform device usage/revenue forecast of the system by hospital management and focus on targeted treatment planning for a disease/anatomy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214966/anomalous-coronary-arteries-and-myocardial-bridges-risk-stratification-in-children-using-novel-cardiac-catheterization-techniques
#19
Hitesh Agrawal, Silvana Molossi, Mahboob Alam, S Kristen Sexson-Tejtel, Carlos M Mery, E Dean McKenzie, Charles D Fraser, Athar M Qureshi
The evaluation of the vast majority of children with anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) and/or myocardial bridges is performed with non-invasive testing. However, a subset of these patients may benefit from invasive testing for risk stratification. All patients included in the Coronary Anomalies Program (CAP) at Texas Children's Hospital who underwent cardiac catheterization were included. Techniques included selective coronary angiograms (SCA), intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurements with provocative testing using adenosine and/or dobutamine infusions...
March 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191656/utility-and-safety-of-combined-interventional-catheterization-and-electrophysiology-procedures-in-a-children-s-hospital
#20
S Yukiko Asaki, Jeffrey W Orcutt, Christina Y Miyake, Henri Justino, Caridad M DE LA Uz, Jeffrey J Kim, Santiago O Valdes, Athar M Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Interventional cardiac catheterization (cath) and electrophysiology (EP) procedures are not routinely performed together. There are several perceived barriers affecting this practice, though there are also advantages for both the patient and practitioner to a combined approach. METHODS: This was a single center retrospective study reviewing combined cath and EP procedures with a pre-procedural intention to intervene at Texas Children's Hospital from 2001 to 2014...
February 13, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
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