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Lower back pain physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410582/comparison-of-pain-disorder-back-performance-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-and-radicular-pain
#1
Seunghwan Kim, Jung Hyun Kim, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] This study investigated the relationship between pain intensity, lumber disability, and psychological factors in patients with low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 166 outpatients (116 female, 50 male) with chronic low back pain presenting for physical therapy participated in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: those with low back pain alone and those with both low back pain and radicular pain. Pain intensity and lumbar disability were measured using a visual analogue scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406836/differential-diagnosis-in-a-patient-presenting-with-both-systemic-and-neuromusculoskeletal-pathology-resident-s-case-problem
#2
Evan J Petersen, Stephanie M Thurmond
Study Design Resident's case problem. Background Patients presenting with multiple symptomatic areas pose a diagnostic challenge for the physical therapist. Though musculoskeletal and nonmusculoskeletal symptoms typically present separately, they can occur simultaneously and mimic each other. Consequently, the ability to differentiate between musculoskeletal and nonmusculoskeletal symptoms is an important skill for physical therapists. The purpose of this resident's case problem was to describe the clinical-reasoning process leading to medical and physical therapy management of a patient presenting with upper and lower back pain, bilateral radiating arm and leg pain, and abdominal pain...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403305/spotlight-on-topographical-pressure-pain-sensitivity-maps-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, Pascal Madeleine, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Paula Rezende Camargo, Tania Fátima Salvini
Mechanical hyperalgesia defined as decreased pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) is commonly associated with pain. In this narrative review, we report the current state of the art within topographical pressure sensitivity maps. Such maps are based on multiple PPT assessments. The PPTs are assessed by an a priori defined grid with special focus on both spatial and temporal summation issues. The grid covers the muscle or the body region of interest using absolute or relative values determined from anatomical landmarks or anthropometric values...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203308/magnetic-resonance-imaging-undetectable-epiduroscopic-hotspot-in-chronic-discogenic-back-pain-does-sinuvertebral-neuropathy-actually-exists
#4
Sung Ho Choi, Nitin Adsul, Hyeun Sung Kim, Jee-Soo Jang, Il-Tae Jang, Seong-Hoon Oh
BACKGROUND: The causes of chronic discogenic back pain have not yet been clearly identified. Neural ingrowth around the annulus is widely considered to be one of the possible cause. However, neuropathy around the annulus has yet to be observed visually. We report a case of a hotspot that was observed in an epiduroscopic view, but not in imaging findings. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 46-year-old woman was admitted with pain in the back, left buttock, and posterior thigh for 2 years...
December 1, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166883/the-humanistic-burden-of-pompe-disease-are-there-still-unmet-needs-a-systematic-review
#5
Benedikt Schoser, Deborah A Bilder, David Dimmock, Digant Gupta, Emma S James, Suyash Prasad
BACKGROUND: Humanistic burden considers the impact of an illness on a patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL), activities of daily living (ADL), caregiver health, and caregiver QoL. Humanistic burden also considers treatment satisfaction and adherence to treatment regimens. Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive, progressive, multisystemic neuromuscular disease. Approval of enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) markedly improved prognosis for patients, but considerable morbidity and a substantial humanistic burden remain...
November 22, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166685/-evaluation-of-inpatient-conservative-management-of-acute-subacute-and-chronic-back-pain
#6
Ingo Haase, Kilian Haase, Bernd Kladny
Background Backache is very common in the German population. It is a common reason for people to seek medical advice and specific back pain programs have been developed. The intention of this study is to evaluate the short and long term effects of conservative management of back pain in a German general hospital. Outcomes of interest were pain intensity, interference in daily functions, physical functioning and health related quality of life. Patients and Methods We examined 1010 patients with acute, subacute and chronic back pain, admitted to inpatient nonsurgical interventional therapy in a German hospital between July 2013 and July 2015...
November 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#7
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073842/the-influence-of-patient-choice-of-first-provider-on-costs-and-outcomes-analysis-from-a-physical-therapy-patient-registry
#8
Thomas R Denninger, Chad E Cook, Cole G Chapman, Timothy McHenry, Charles A Thigpen
Study Design Retrospective study. Background Alternative models of care which allow patients to choose direct access to physical therapy have shown promise in terms of cost reduction for neck and back pain. However, real-world exploration within the U.S. healthcare system is notably limited. Objectives To compare total claims paid and patient outcomes for patients with neck and back pain who chose physical therapy intervention via direct access versus from medical referral. Methods Data were accessed for care-seeking patients (n=603) between 2012-2014 with neck or back pain who chose to begin care either through traditional medical referral or direct access to a physical therapy led spine management program...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050722/adjacent-segment-disease-44-years-following-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-congenital-lumbar-kyphosis
#9
Avionna Baldwin, Addisu Mesfin
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and imaging findings of a patient with lumbar stenosis 44 years after posterior spinal fusion for congenital lumbar kyphosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: To our knowledge, there are no long-term follow-up reports after posterior spine fusion (PSF) for congenital kyphosis. Congenital kyphosis is an uncommon deformity with the potential to progress rapidly and result in deformity and neurologic deficits...
November 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037648/test-retest-reliability-of-myofascial-trigger-point-detection-in-hip-and-thigh-areas
#10
E Rozenfeld, A S Finestone, U Moran, E Damri, L Kalichman
BACKGROUND: Myofascial trigger points (MTrP's) are a primary source of pain in patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Nevertheless, they are frequently underdiagnosed. Reliable MTrP palpation is the necessary for their diagnosis and treatment. The few studies that have looked for intra-tester reliability of MTrPs detection in upper body, provide preliminary evidence that MTrP palpation is reliable. Reliability tests for MTrP palpation on the lower limb have not yet been performed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate inter- and intra-tester reliability of MTrP recognition in hip and thigh muscles...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948122/a-case-of-persistent-low-back-pain-in-a-young-female-caused-by-a-trauma-induced-schmorl-s-node-in-the-lumbar-spine-five-vertebra
#11
Kurt M Mohty, Divneet Mandair, Brent Munroe, Deborah Baldemor
Physicians are often faced with managing difficult conditions such as chronic lower back pain. Intervertebral disk herniation typically occurs horizontally, leading to impingement of the spinal cord which can potentially cause radicular symptoms or other spinal cord pathologies; however, disk herniations can also occur vertically and extend through the endplate of an adjacent cranial or caudal vertebra: a phenomenon known as a Schmorl's node. Although Schmorl's nodes can be seen in many asymptomatic individuals, they can be a cause of degenerative disk disease and low back pain...
July 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756302/both-positive-and-negative-beliefs-are-important-in-patients-with-spine-pain-findings-from-the-oioc-registry
#12
Maria M Wertli, Ulrike Held, Angela Lis, Marco Campello, Sherri Weiser
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Negative beliefs are known to influence treatment outcome in patients with spine pain (SP). The impact of positive beliefs is less clear. PURPOSE: Assess the influence of positive and negative beliefs on baseline and treatment responses in patients with SP. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of prospectively collected data of outpatient physical therapy patients with SP. Questionnaires administered before and during treatment included the STarT Back distress scale (negative beliefs), and expectation and self-efficacy questions (positive beliefs)...
July 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737670/motor-control-training-for-the-shoulder-with-smart-garments
#13
Qi Wang, Liesbet De Baets, Annick Timmermans, Wei Chen, Luca Giacolini, Thomas Matheve, Panos Markopoulos
Wearable technologies for posture monitoring and posture correction are emerging as a way to support and enhance physical therapy treatment, e.g., for motor control training in neurological disorders or for treating musculoskeletal disorders, such as shoulder, neck, or lower back pain. Among the various technological options for posture monitoring, wearable systems offer potential advantages regarding mobility, use in different contexts and sustained tracking in daily life. We describe the design of a smart garment named Zishi to monitor compensatory movements and evaluate its applicability for shoulder motor control training in a clinical setting...
July 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665378/-the-application-of-general-magnetic-therapy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-following-the-surgical-treatment-of-herniated-intervertebral-discs
#14
D D Voronina, A G Kulikov, I A Luppova, O V Yarustovskaya
AIM: The objective of the present work was to rehabilitate more efficiently the patients who had undergone the surgical treatment for herniated discs in the lumbosacral spine by applying general magnetic therapy during the combined treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 patients underwent the medical examination and treatment. The patients matched for age and sex presenting with similar clinical symptoms were divided into two groups. All of them received initial therapy that included medication, therapeutic physical exercises, and aquatic therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659510/swedish-massage-a-systematic-review-of-its-physical-and-psychological-benefits
#15
Débora M Barreto, Marcus V A Batista
Context • Swedish massage is the systematic application of manual pressure and the movement of soft tissue, with rhythmical pressure and stroking to obtain or maintain health. Studies have revealed its many benefits. Objective • The aim of the current study was to determine the results of past studies that evaluated the benefits of Swedish massage for various populations and to highlight its relevance as an alternative medical practice in health promotion and disease prevention. Methods • The research team performed a review of the literature using the key terms massage, relaxation, and benefits of massage...
April 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634157/yoga-is-reasonable-alternative-to-physical-therapy-for-lower-back-pain-say-researchers
#16
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631003/yoga-physical-therapy-or-education-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert B Saper, Chelsey Lemaster, Anthony Delitto, Karen J Sherman, Patricia M Herman, Ekaterina Sadikova, Joel Stevans, Julia E Keosaian, Christian J Cerrada, Alexandra L Femia, Eric J Roseen, Paula Gardiner, Katherine Gergen Barnett, Carol Faulkner, Janice Weinberg
Background: Yoga is effective for mild to moderate chronic low back pain (cLBP), but its comparative effectiveness with physical therapy (PT) is unknown. Moreover, little is known about yoga's effectiveness in underserved patients with more severe functional disability and pain. Objective: To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP. Design: 12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized noninferiority trial and subsequent 40-week maintenance phase...
July 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626329/effects-of-high-intensity-laser-therapy-on-pain-and-function-of-patients-with-chronic-back-pain
#18
Hyeun-Woo Choi, Jongmin Lee, Sangyong Lee, Jioun Choi, Kwansub Lee, Byung-Kon Kim, Gook-Joo Kim
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of High Intensity Laser Therapy on pain and function of patients with chronic back pain. [Subjects and Methods] This study evenly divided a total of 20 patients with chronic back pain into a conservative physical therapy group that received conservative physical therapy, and a high intensity laser therapy group that received High Intensity Laser Therapy after conservative physical therapy. All patients received the therapy three times a week for four weeks. For the high intensity laser therapy group, treatment was applied to the L1-L5 and S1 regions for 10 minutes by using a high intensity laser device while vertically maintaining the separation distance from handpiece to skin at approximately 1 cm...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619301/the-effects-of-gua-sha-on-symptoms-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-active-controlled-crossover-pilot-study-in-elderly
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John W M Yuen, William W N Tsang, Sonny H M Tse, Wings T Y Loo, Suk-Tak Chan, Diana L Y Wong, Hilary H Y Chung, Jacky K K Tam, Thomas K S Choi, Vico C L Chiang
OBJECTIVE: To address the challenges for trialing with elderly and the lacking of valid sham/placebo control, a randomized crossover pilot study is designed and its feasibility on elderly subjects is evaluated. DESIGN: A pilot randomized crossover study was conducted with hydrocollator-based hot pack therapy as active control. Pain intensity, physical disability, depression, general health status, and salivary biomarkers were assessed as outcome measures. RESULTS: Despite there was no significant difference observed between any outcome measures attained by the two interventions, several important differences were noted during the one-week follow-up period...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601782/neuropraxia-following-resection-of-a-retroperitoneal-liposarcoma
#20
Stevenson Tsiao, Nail Aydin, Subhasis Misra
BACKGROUND: This is a unique case of neuropraxia of femoral nerve seen after resection of retroperitoneal liposarcoma which has not been reported before in the literature. INTRODUCTION: Neuropraxia, a transient paralysis due to blockage of nerve conduction, commonly associated with athletes and orthopedic procedures, has not been previously reported as a complication following resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma. CASE: This is an 81-year-old female who, on CT for evaluation of her atherosclerosis, was found to have an incidental right-sided retroperitoneal mass extending from the right renal capsule inferiorly through the inguinal canal...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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