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inhalation anesthesia desflurane sevoflurane

Ke Peng, Hua-Yue Liu, Shao-Ru Wu, Hong Liu, Zhao-Cai Zhang, Fu-Hai Ji
BACKGROUND: Many studies have compared propofol-based anesthesia with inhalational anesthesia. Results from several studies have shown improved postoperative analgesia after propofol anesthesia, but other studies showed contradictory results. There are no large prospective studies that compare postoperative pain after propofol versus inhalational anesthesia. This meta-analysis was designed to focus on this question. METHODS: A systematic literature search for randomized controlled trials that compared propofol-based anesthesia with volatile agents-based anesthesia in adults undergoing surgery was conducted...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
In-Ae Song, Kwang-Suk Seo, Ah-Young Oh, Ji-Seok Baik, Jin Hee Kim, Jung-Won Hwang, Young-Tae Jeon
OBJECTIVE: Dexmedetomidine is known to reduce the incidence of emergence agitation, which is a common complication after inhalational anesthesia like sevoflurane or desflurane in children. However, the dose of dexmedetomidine used for this purpose is reported variously and the most effective dose is not known. In this study, we tried to find the most effective dose of dexmedetomidine to reduce the incidence of emergence agitation in children undergoing strabismus surgery without the complications like oculocardiac reflex (OCR) or postoperative vomiting...
2016: PloS One
B Dikmen, A H Arpaci, D Kalayci, I Gunes, E Beskardes, O Kurtipek, M Arslan
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate blood glucose level of desflurane and sevoflurane on blood glucose in diabetic rats undergoing acute hyperglycemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 30 male Wistar albino rats were included. Diabetes was induced by a single IP injection of streptozotocin. After the effects of chronic diabetes encountered, diabetic rats were randomly assigned into diabetic control (group DC), diabetic hyperglycemia group (group DH), diabetic hyperglycemia group with desflurane (group DH-D), and diabetic hyperglycemia group with sevoflurane (group DH-S) groups...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Elvan Ocmen, Hale Aksu Erdost, Leyla S Duru, Pinar Akan, Dilek Cimrin, Ali N Gokmen
The nocturnal peak of melatonin can be altered after anesthesia and surgery. We aimed to examine the melatonin levels during the day and night after anesthesia with three commonly used inhalational anesthetics. Forty-eight male Wistar albino rats were randomized into eight groups. Rats were administered anesthesia between 7:00 am and 1:00 pm (day groups) or 7:00 pm and 1:00 am (night groups) for 6 hours. At the end of the anesthesia, blood samples were collected for assessing melatonin levels. Mean values of melatonin levels after 6 hours of anesthesia during daytime were 43...
June 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Karl Michael Strosing, Simone Faller, Veronica Gyllenram, Helen Engelstaedter, Hartmut Buerkle, Sashko Spassov, Alexander Hoetzel
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation is an important perioperative tool in anesthesia and a lifesaving treatment for respiratory failure, but it can lead to ventilator-associated lung injury. Inhaled anesthetics have demonstrated protective properties in various models of organ damage. We compared the lung-protective potential of inhaled sevoflurane, isoflurane, and desflurane in a mouse model of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). METHODS: C57BL/6N mice were randomized into 5 groups (n = 8/group)...
July 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Sumidtra Prathep, Sasithorn Mahattanaporn, Wirat Wasinwong
BACKGROUND: Target-controlled infusion (TCI) systems have been developed from manually controlled infusion systems and have rapidly increased in popularity, especially in laparoscopic surgery. Propofol is claimed to decrease nausea and vomiting. OBJECTIVE: To compare anesthetic techniques, propofol-TCI, desflurane, and sevoflurane, for better results in terms of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and extubation times. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The present study was prospective with informed consent from 75 patients, ASA 1-3 scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and classified by anesthetic technique into three groups...
December 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
J J Min, J Lee, H-C Lee, H-G Ryu, M Shin, H J Kim
BACKGROUND: QT interval prolongation has frequently been observed in patients with advanced liver disease. We investigated the influence of inhalation anesthetics on the corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation during surgery in patients undergoing living-donor liver transplantation. METHODS: Our study included 43 patients who were assigned to 2 groups: sevoflurane (n = 22) or desflurane anesthesia (n = 21). QTc intervals were measured at perioperative determined time points and calculated using Fridericia's formula...
January 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Kazuhiro Shirozu, Hidekazu Setoguchi, Kentaro Tokuda, Yuji Karashima, Mizuko Ikeda, Makoto Kubo, Katsuya Nakamura, Sumio Hoka
Pupil reactivity can be used to evaluate central nervous system function and can be measured using a quantitative pupillometer. However, whether anesthetic agents affect the accuracy of the technique remains unclear. We examined the effects of anesthetic agents on pupillary reactivity. Thirty-five patients scheduled for breast or thyroid surgery were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into four groups based on the technique used to maintain anesthesia: a sevoflurane-remifentanil (SEV/REM) group, a sevoflurane (SEV) group, a desflurane-remifentanil (DES/REM) group, and a propofol-remifentanil (PRO/REM) group...
February 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Hyun-Chang Kim, Won-Pyo Hong, Young-Jin Lim, Hee-Pyoung Park
PURPOSE: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) due to an indwelling urinary catheter can cause postoperative distress, and the mechanism underlying CRBD is linked to the activation of muscarinic receptors. Inhalation of anesthetic agents, such as sevoflurane and desflurane, has differential inhibitory effects on muscarinic receptors. We aimed to compare the effect of intraoperative sevoflurane vs desflurane inhalation on postoperative CRBD. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients undergoing transurethral resection of a bladder tumour (TURBT) were randomly allocated to two groups...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Alexandre Hideaki Oshiro, Denise Aya Otsuki, Marcelo Waldir M Hamaji, Kaleizu T Rosa, Keila Kazue Ida, Denise T Fantoni, José Otavio Costa Auler
OBJECTIVES: Inhalant anesthesia induces dose-dependent cardiovascular depression, but whether fluid responsiveness is differentially influenced by the inhalant agent and plasma volemia remains unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane on pulse pressure variation and stroke volume variation in pigs undergoing hemorrhage. METHODS: Twenty-five pigs were randomly anesthetized with isoflurane, sevoflurane or desflurane...
December 2015: Clinics
J H Philip
Screen-based simulation can improve patient care by giving novices and experienced clinicians insight into drug behaviour. Gas Man(®) is a screen-based simulation program that depicts pictorially and graphically the anaesthetic gas and vapour tension from the vaporizer to the site of action, namely the brain and spinal cord. The gases and vapours depicted are desflurane, enflurane, ether, halothane, isoflurane, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, sevoflurane, and xenon. Multiple agents can be administered simultaneously or individually and the results shown on an overlay graph...
December 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Joseph G Werner, Karina Castellon-Larios, Cattleya Thongrong, Bodo E Knudsen, Deborah S Lowery, Maria A Antor, Sergio Daniel Bergese
AIMS: We compared the effect of desflurane and sevoflurane on anesthesia recovery time in patients undergoing urological cystoscopic surgery. The Short Orientation-Memory-Concentration Test (SOMCT) measured and compared cognitive impairment between groups and coughing was assessed throughout the anesthetic. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This investigation included 75 ambulatory patients. Patients were randomized to receive either desflurane or sevoflurane. Inhalational anesthetics were discontinued after removal of the cystoscope and once repositioning of the patient was final...
2015: Frontiers in Medicine
Rachel Eshima McKay, Kathryn T Hall, Nancy Hills
BACKGROUND: Nonintubated patients receiving sevoflurane have slower protective airway reflex recovery after anesthesia compared with patients receiving desflurane. We asked whether this difference would remain significant among intubated patients receiving rocuronium or whether the impact of variable neuromuscular recovery would predominate and thus minimize differences between anesthetics. METHODS: After obtaining written informed consent, patients were randomly assigned to receive sevoflurane (n = 41) or desflurane (n = 40), with neuromuscular monitoring by quantitative train-of-four (TOF) method using accelerometry...
February 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yumiko Oi, Tomomi Omoto, Kanako Hiro, Tomohiro Sugiyama, Masashi Kurata, Masahiro Okuda
BACKGROUND: Perioperative delirium increases the morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. The present retrospective study was carried out to evaluate whether desflurane or sevoflurane has influence on the incidence of perioperative delirium. METHODS: In 30 patients above 75 years of age undergoing surgical procedure, anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane (group S), and with desflurane (group D). The incidence of perioperative delirium was obtained retrospectively from their medical chart The delirium was diagnosed with the Richmond agitation-sedation scale...
September 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Patrick L Purdon, Aaron Sampson, Kara J Pavone, Emery N Brown
The widely used electroencephalogram-based indices for depth-of-anesthesia monitoring assume that the same index value defines the same level of unconsciousness for all anesthetics. In contrast, we show that different anesthetics act at different molecular targets and neural circuits to produce distinct brain states that are readily visible in the electroencephalogram. We present a two-part review to educate anesthesiologists on use of the unprocessed electroencephalogram and its spectrogram to track the brain states of patients receiving anesthesia care...
October 2015: Anesthesiology
Alexander Dehouwer, Rik Carette, Simon De Ridder, Andre M De Wolf, Jan F A Hendrickx
Automated low flow anesthesia machines report how much inhaled anesthetic agent has been used for each anesthetic. We compared these reported values with the amount of agent that had disappeared by weighing the vaporizer/injectors before and after each anesthetic. The vaporizers/injectors of the Aisys, Zeus and FLOW-i were weighed with a high precision weighing scale before and after anesthesia with either desflurane in O2/air or sevoflurane in O2/N2O. These values were compared with the values reported by the cumulative agent use display tools of the respective anesthesia machines using a linear curve fit...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Ana Stevanovic, Rolf Rossaint, András P Keszei, Harald Fritz, Gebhard Fröba, Friedrich Pühringer, Mark Coburn
BACKGROUND: The use of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) in appropriate patients supports fast-track anesthesia with a lower incidence of postoperative airway-connected adverse events. Data on the most favorable anesthetic in this context, with the lowest rate of upper airway complications and fast emergence times, are controversial and limited. Desflurane seems to match these criteria best, but large randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a standardized study protocol are lacking. Therefore, we aim to compare desflurane with other commonly used anesthetics, sevoflurane and propofol, in a sufficiently powered RCT...
2015: Trials
Jiaxuan He, Yong Zhang, Rongliang Xue, Jianrui Lv, Xiaoying Ding, Zhenni Zhang
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia by conducting meta-analysis. METHODS: Studies were searched from PubMed, Medline, Springer, Elsevier Science Direct, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar up to July 2014. Weighted mean difference (WMD) or risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were considered as effect sizes. Heterogeneity across studies was assessed by Cochran Q test and I2 statistic. The random effects model was performed in the meta-analysis when heterogeneity was observed, or the fixed effect model was used...
2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
M R Khalimov, A M Ovezov, O A Grebenchikov, M A Shapkin, V V Likhvantsev
PURPOSE: To study the possibility of desflurane use for induction of anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed the intra- and immediate postoperative periods in 125 patients. Depending on the intended anesthesia method patients were randomised (the method of the envelopes) and included in one of two study groups: 1--volatile desflurane-based anesthesia (n = 62); 2--volatile sevoflurane-based anesthesia (n = 63). RESULTS: Desflurane based anesthesia led to apnea until the installation of laryngeal mask in 94...
March 2015: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
Hee-Soo Kim, Hyo-Jin Byon, Jong-Eun Kim, Yong-Hee Park, Ji-Hyun Lee, Jin-Tae Kim
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine can be used for the prevention of emergence agitation (EA) in children. However, an inadequate dose of dexmedetomidine can induce prolonged sedation and cardiovascular complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effective dose of dexmedetomidine for the prevention of EA after desflurane anesthesia for patients undergoing a tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy. METHODS: We enrolled 21 unpremedicated children, between 2 and 12 years, undergoing either a tonsillectomy or an adenoidectomy...
2015: BMC Anesthesiology
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