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inhalation anesthesia desflurane sevoflurane

D X Kang, Y Q Rao, B Ji, J Li
Objective: To observe the intraoperative influences on pharmacodynamics of rocuronium in children inhaling sevoflurane and desflurane for 40 min balance. Methods: Ninety children (ASAⅠ-Ⅱ) undergoing elective surgery with general anesthesia in Second Affiliated Hospital & Yuying Children's Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University from July 2015 to May 2016 were randomly assigned into six groups (n=15): Sevoflurane group (group S1 and S2), Desflurane group (group D1 and D2) and Propofol group (group P1 and P2)...
February 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Maiko Satomoto, Yushi U Adachi, Koshi Makita
BACKGROUND: Droperidol (DHB) reportedly reduces the dose of propofol needed to achieve hypnosis when anesthesia is induced and decreases the bispectral index (BIS) in propofol-sedated patients during spinal anesthesia. We reported previously that supplemental DHB decreased the BIS after the administration of sevoflurane and remifentanil. This study investigated the effect of DHB on desflurane (DES) consumption in a clinical setting. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized double-blinded study of 35 women with American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I or II who underwent a mastectomy...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Hatice Kaya Ozdogan, Suleyman Cetinkunar, Faruk Karateke, Sibel Cetinalp, Muge Celik, Sefa Ozyazici
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleeve gastrectomy has been one of the most commonly performed bariatric surgery methods. The study aimed to compare the effects of 2 most commonly used inhalation anesthetics, sevoflurane and desflurane, on the peroperative hemodynamic alterations and postoperative respiratory functions in morbidly obese patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy. DESIGN: Nonrandomized cohort. SETTINGS: Operating room, postoperative period. PATIENTS: Eighty-four morbidly obese patients with a body mass index greater than 40 kg/m(2) who had scheduled to undergo sleeve gastrectomy operation were prospectively included in the study...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Wei-Nung Teng, Mei-Yung Tsou, Pin-Tarng Chen, Jing-Yang Liou, Lu Yu, Dwayne R Westenskow, Chien-Kun Ting
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The Stagnara wake-up test assesses neurological deficits during scoliosis surgery, and response surface interaction models for opioids and inhaled agents predicts anesthetic drug effects. We hypothesized that there is an optimal desflurane-fentanyl dosing regimen that can provide a faster and more predictable wake-up time, while also ensuring adequate analgesia during wake-up testing. METHODS: Twenty-three American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I-II scoliosis patients who received desflurane-fentanyl anesthetic regimens were enrolled in this posthoc study, and their intraoperative drug administration data were collected retrospectively...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Arthura D Moore, Doralina L Anghelescu
Emergence delirium (ED) is a complex of perceptual disturbances and psychomotor agitation that occurs most commonly in preschool-aged children in the early postanesthetic period. The incidence of ED varies between 10 and 80% in children and is perceived as a troublesome clinical situation by 42% of pediatric anesthesiologists. Although these events are often short lived, they increase the risk of self-injury and delayed discharge, require additional nursing staff and can increase medical care costs, all of which are causes for concern...
February 2017: Paediatric Drugs
Ke Peng, Hua-Yue Liu, Shao-Ru Wu, Hong Liu, Zhao-Cai Zhang, Fu-Hai Ji
BACKGROUND: Many studies have compared propofol-based anesthesia with inhalational anesthesia. Results from several studies have shown improved postoperative analgesia after propofol anesthesia, but other studies showed contradictory results. There are no large prospective studies that compare postoperative pain after propofol versus inhalational anesthesia. This meta-analysis was designed to focus on this question. METHODS: A systematic literature search for randomized controlled trials that compared propofol-based anesthesia with volatile agents-based anesthesia in adults undergoing surgery was conducted...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
In-Ae Song, Kwang-Suk Seo, Ah-Young Oh, Ji-Seok Baik, Jin Hee Kim, Jung-Won Hwang, Young-Tae Jeon
OBJECTIVE: Dexmedetomidine is known to reduce the incidence of emergence agitation, which is a common complication after inhalational anesthesia like sevoflurane or desflurane in children. However, the dose of dexmedetomidine used for this purpose is reported variously and the most effective dose is not known. In this study, we tried to find the most effective dose of dexmedetomidine to reduce the incidence of emergence agitation in children undergoing strabismus surgery without the complications like oculocardiac reflex (OCR) or postoperative vomiting...
2016: PloS One
B Dikmen, A H Arpaci, D Kalayci, I Gunes, E Beskardes, O Kurtipek, M Arslan
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate blood glucose level of desflurane and sevoflurane on blood glucose in diabetic rats undergoing acute hyperglycemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 30 male Wistar albino rats were included. Diabetes was induced by a single IP injection of streptozotocin. After the effects of chronic diabetes encountered, diabetic rats were randomly assigned into diabetic control (group DC), diabetic hyperglycemia group (group DH), diabetic hyperglycemia group with desflurane (group DH-D), and diabetic hyperglycemia group with sevoflurane (group DH-S) groups...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Elvan Ocmen, Hale Aksu Erdost, Leyla S Duru, Pinar Akan, Dilek Cimrin, Ali N Gokmen
The nocturnal peak of melatonin can be altered after anesthesia and surgery. We aimed to examine the melatonin levels during the day and night after anesthesia with three commonly used inhalational anesthetics. Forty-eight male Wistar albino rats were randomized into eight groups. Rats were administered anesthesia between 7:00 am and 1:00 pm (day groups) or 7:00 pm and 1:00 am (night groups) for 6 hours. At the end of the anesthesia, blood samples were collected for assessing melatonin levels. Mean values of melatonin levels after 6 hours of anesthesia during daytime were 43...
June 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Karl Michael Strosing, Simone Faller, Veronica Gyllenram, Helen Engelstaedter, Hartmut Buerkle, Sashko Spassov, Alexander Hoetzel
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation is an important perioperative tool in anesthesia and a lifesaving treatment for respiratory failure, but it can lead to ventilator-associated lung injury. Inhaled anesthetics have demonstrated protective properties in various models of organ damage. We compared the lung-protective potential of inhaled sevoflurane, isoflurane, and desflurane in a mouse model of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). METHODS: C57BL/6N mice were randomized into 5 groups (n = 8/group)...
July 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Sumidtra Prathep, Sasithorn Mahattanaporn, Wirat Wasinwong
BACKGROUND: Target-controlled infusion (TCI) systems have been developed from manually controlled infusion systems and have rapidly increased in popularity, especially in laparoscopic surgery. Propofol is claimed to decrease nausea and vomiting. OBJECTIVE: To compare anesthetic techniques, propofol-TCI, desflurane, and sevoflurane, for better results in terms of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and extubation times. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The present study was prospective with informed consent from 75 patients, ASA 1-3 scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and classified by anesthetic technique into three groups...
December 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
J J Min, J Lee, H-C Lee, H-G Ryu, M Shin, H J Kim
BACKGROUND: QT interval prolongation has frequently been observed in patients with advanced liver disease. We investigated the influence of inhalation anesthetics on the corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation during surgery in patients undergoing living-donor liver transplantation. METHODS: Our study included 43 patients who were assigned to 2 groups: sevoflurane (n = 22) or desflurane anesthesia (n = 21). QTc intervals were measured at perioperative determined time points and calculated using Fridericia's formula...
January 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Kazuhiro Shirozu, Hidekazu Setoguchi, Kentaro Tokuda, Yuji Karashima, Mizuko Ikeda, Makoto Kubo, Katsuya Nakamura, Sumio Hoka
Pupil reactivity can be used to evaluate central nervous system function and can be measured using a quantitative pupillometer. However, whether anesthetic agents affect the accuracy of the technique remains unclear. We examined the effects of anesthetic agents on pupillary reactivity. Thirty-five patients scheduled for breast or thyroid surgery were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into four groups based on the technique used to maintain anesthesia: a sevoflurane-remifentanil (SEV/REM) group, a sevoflurane (SEV) group, a desflurane-remifentanil (DES/REM) group, and a propofol-remifentanil (PRO/REM) group...
February 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Hyun-Chang Kim, Won-Pyo Hong, Young-Jin Lim, Hee-Pyoung Park
PURPOSE: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) due to an indwelling urinary catheter can cause postoperative distress, and the mechanism underlying CRBD is linked to the activation of muscarinic receptors. Inhalation of anesthetic agents, such as sevoflurane and desflurane, has differential inhibitory effects on muscarinic receptors. We aimed to compare the effect of intraoperative sevoflurane vs desflurane inhalation on postoperative CRBD. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients undergoing transurethral resection of a bladder tumour (TURBT) were randomly allocated to two groups...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Alexandre Hideaki Oshiro, Denise Aya Otsuki, Marcelo Waldir M Hamaji, Kaleizu T Rosa, Keila Kazue Ida, Denise T Fantoni, José Otavio Costa Auler
OBJECTIVES: Inhalant anesthesia induces dose-dependent cardiovascular depression, but whether fluid responsiveness is differentially influenced by the inhalant agent and plasma volemia remains unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane on pulse pressure variation and stroke volume variation in pigs undergoing hemorrhage. METHODS: Twenty-five pigs were randomly anesthetized with isoflurane, sevoflurane or desflurane...
December 2015: Clinics
J H Philip
Screen-based simulation can improve patient care by giving novices and experienced clinicians insight into drug behaviour. Gas Man(®) is a screen-based simulation program that depicts pictorially and graphically the anaesthetic gas and vapour tension from the vaporizer to the site of action, namely the brain and spinal cord. The gases and vapours depicted are desflurane, enflurane, ether, halothane, isoflurane, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, sevoflurane, and xenon. Multiple agents can be administered simultaneously or individually and the results shown on an overlay graph...
December 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Joseph G Werner, Karina Castellon-Larios, Cattleya Thongrong, Bodo E Knudsen, Deborah S Lowery, Maria A Antor, Sergio Daniel Bergese
AIMS: We compared the effect of desflurane and sevoflurane on anesthesia recovery time in patients undergoing urological cystoscopic surgery. The Short Orientation-Memory-Concentration Test (SOMCT) measured and compared cognitive impairment between groups and coughing was assessed throughout the anesthetic. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This investigation included 75 ambulatory patients. Patients were randomized to receive either desflurane or sevoflurane. Inhalational anesthetics were discontinued after removal of the cystoscope and once repositioning of the patient was final...
2015: Frontiers in Medicine
Rachel Eshima McKay, Kathryn T Hall, Nancy Hills
BACKGROUND: Nonintubated patients receiving sevoflurane have slower protective airway reflex recovery after anesthesia compared with patients receiving desflurane. We asked whether this difference would remain significant among intubated patients receiving rocuronium or whether the impact of variable neuromuscular recovery would predominate and thus minimize differences between anesthetics. METHODS: After obtaining written informed consent, patients were randomly assigned to receive sevoflurane (n = 41) or desflurane (n = 40), with neuromuscular monitoring by quantitative train-of-four (TOF) method using accelerometry...
February 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yumiko Oi, Tomomi Omoto, Kanako Hiro, Tomohiro Sugiyama, Masashi Kurata, Masahiro Okuda
BACKGROUND: Perioperative delirium increases the morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. The present retrospective study was carried out to evaluate whether desflurane or sevoflurane has influence on the incidence of perioperative delirium. METHODS: In 30 patients above 75 years of age undergoing surgical procedure, anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane (group S), and with desflurane (group D). The incidence of perioperative delirium was obtained retrospectively from their medical chart The delirium was diagnosed with the Richmond agitation-sedation scale...
September 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Patrick L Purdon, Aaron Sampson, Kara J Pavone, Emery N Brown
The widely used electroencephalogram-based indices for depth-of-anesthesia monitoring assume that the same index value defines the same level of unconsciousness for all anesthetics. In contrast, we show that different anesthetics act at different molecular targets and neural circuits to produce distinct brain states that are readily visible in the electroencephalogram. We present a two-part review to educate anesthesiologists on use of the unprocessed electroencephalogram and its spectrogram to track the brain states of patients receiving anesthesia care...
October 2015: Anesthesiology
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