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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212601/feasibility-of-identifying-out-of-care-hiv-positive-patients-in-a-hospital-setting-and-enrolling-them-in-a-retention-intervention
#1
Jessica A Davila, Christine Hartman, Jeffrey Cully, Melinda Stanley, K Rivet Amico, Elizabeth Soriano, Sophie Minick, Sarah B May, Thomas P Giordano
BACKGROUND: The hospital setting provides an opportunity to re-engage people living with HIV (PLWH) in HIV care. We developed and implemented a protocol to identify PLWH in a hospital setting. The aim of the current study was to report on our strategy to recruit hospitalized HIV patients into an intervention study, and to report on lessons learned for future studies. METHODS: Our protocol was developed based on experience of our research staff in recruiting HIV patients as well as clinical input from providers and administrators on delivering care in hospitalized settings...
February 17, 2017: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206804/student-service-members-veterans-on-campus-challenges-for-reintegration
#2
Brian Borsari, Ali Yurasek, Mary Beth Miller, James G Murphy, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Matthew P Martens, Monica G Darcy, Kate B Carey
Many returning OIF/OEF/OND Veterans are seeking higher education in an effort to develop a meaningful career and financial stability. Evidence suggests that student service members/veterans (SSM/Vs) are experiencing less academic success than other students. The purpose of this review is to identify the unique challenges of SSM/Vs and evaluate current campus efforts to facilitate their retention and academic performance. With a focus on SSM/Vs attending colleges and universities, we obtained 57 peer-reviewed and 73 gray literature records published between 2001 and 2015...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198763/impact-of-role-stressors-on-the-health-of-nurse-managers-a-western-canadian-context
#3
Sonia A Udod, Greta Cummings, W Dean Care, Megan Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: A qualitative exploratory inquiry was used to understand nurse managers' (NMs') perceptions of their role stressors, coping strategies, and self-health related outcomes as a result of frequent exposure to stressful situations in their role. BACKGROUND: Strong nursing leadership is required for desirable staff, patient, and organizational outcomes. A stressed NM will negatively influence staff nurse satisfaction and retention, patient outcomes, and organizational performance...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185581/does-decentralization-influence-efficiency-of-health-units-a-study-of-opinion-and-perception-of-health-workers-in-odisha
#4
Bhuputra Panda, Harshad P Thakur, Sanjay P Zodpey
BACKGROUND: Health systems in low and middle income countries are struggling to improve efficiency in the functioning of health units of which workforce is one of the most critical building blocks. In India, Rogi Kalyan Samiti (RKS) was established at every health unit as institutions of local decision making in order to improve productive efficiency and quality. Measuring efficiency of health units is a complex task. This study aimed at assessing the perception (opinion and satisfaction) of health workers about influence of RKS on improving efficiency of peripheral decision making health units (DMHU); examining differences between priority and non-priority set-ups; identifying predictors of satisfaction at work; and discussing suggestions to improve performance...
October 31, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171783/attitudes-regarding-the-national-forensic-dna-database-survey-data-from-the-general-public-prison-inmates-and-prosecutors-offices-in-the-republic-of-serbia
#5
Smilja Teodorović, Dragan Mijović, Una Radovanović Nenadić, Marina Savić
Worldwide, the establishment of national forensic DNA databases has transformed personal identification in the criminal justice system over the past two decades. It has also stimulated much debate centering on ethical issues, human rights, individual privacy, lack of safeguards and other standards. Therefore, a balance between effectiveness and intrusiveness of a national DNA repository is an imperative and needs to be achieved through a suitable legal framework. On its path to the European Union (EU), the Republic of Serbia is required to harmonize its national policies and legislation with the EU...
January 21, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165772/post-brexit-challenges-and-opportunities-for-radiology-beyond-the-european-union
#6
Marta Piorkowska, Vicky Goh, Thomas C Booth
We aim to review the challenges and opportunities that radiology may face once the United Kingdom (UK) leaves the European Union (EU). Even before the exit negotiations commence, uncertainty over future policies and funding within the UK may influence the National Health Service (NHS). We discuss the potential impact that financial, regulatory and social change may have on healthcare, and radiology in particular. Current difficulties in recruitment and retention of radiologists and the challenges that Brexit presents are considered...
February 6, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156532/experience-of-patient-death-and-subsequent-bereavement-by-members-of-the-oncology-team-in-the-outpatient-setting
#7
(no author information available yet)
: 244 Background: Working with cancer patients is considered inherently stressful with high levels of burnout reported. There is limited research that focuses on the multidisciplinary team as a whole; research to date tends to focus on patient death from the perspective of the bedside oncology nurse, the physician or social worker. With the focus on those disciplines individually, thereby ignoring the centrality of the multidisciplinary nature of oncology care and excluding fundamental team members who provide care and are potentially impacted by the death of the patient...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132555/conflict-management-importance-and-implications
#8
Laurie McKibben
Conflict is a consistent and unavoidable issue within healthcare teams. Despite training of nurse leaders and managers around areas of conflict resolution, the problem of staff relations, stress, sickness and retention remain. Conflict arises from issues with interpersonal relationships, change and poor leadership. New members of staff entering an already established healthcare team should be supported and integrated, to encourage mutual role respect between all team members and establish positive working relationships, in order to maximise patient care...
January 26, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125990/an-assessment-of-staffing-needs-at-a-hiv-clinic-in-a-western-kenya-using-the-who-workload-indicators-of-staffing-need-wisn-2011
#9
B Burmen, N Owuor, P Mitei
BACKGROUND: An optimal number of health workers, who are appropriately allocated across different occupations and geographical regions, are required to ensure population coverage of health interventions. Health worker shortages in HIV care provision are highest in areas that are worst hit by the HIV epidemic. Kenya is listed among countries that experience health worker shortages (<2.5 health workers per 1000 population) and have a high HIV burden (HIV prevalence 5.6 with 15.2% in Nyanza province)...
January 26, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079645/the-role-of-patient-navigators-in-building-a-medical-home-for-multiply-diagnosed-hiv-positive-homeless-populations
#10
Mariana Sarango, Alexander de Groot, Melissa Hirschi, Chukwuemeka Anthony Umeh, Serena Rajabiun
CONTEXT: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) who are most at risk for falling out of HIV primary care and detectable viral loads include homeless and unstably housed individuals and those codiagnosed with behavioral health disorders. The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is a model that promotes provision of comprehensive, patient-centered, accessible, coordinated, and quality care for patients. This initiative provided patient navigation to HIV-positive homeless and unstably housed individuals codiagnosed with a mental health or substance use disorder as a means to create an adapted PCMH to meet the specific needs of this population...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079424/career-development-for-all-ages
#11
Sam Foster
Sam Foster, Chief Nurse at Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, considers the issues around career progression and staff retention and how they differ between generations.
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073715/improving-the-availability-of-maternal-and-child-healthcare-staff-organizing-equitable-access-to-competent-healthcare-professionals
#12
L Codjia
From now until 2030, low-income countries are expected to have a deficit of around 18 million healthcare workers, unless significant action is taken to reduce these shortages. The French Muskoka Fund has made it possible to improve the strategies of management of maternal and child healthcare personnel in 9 French-speaking countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective was to improve policies for the training, recruitment, and retention of healthcare personnel in these countries to ensure effective staff coverage in healthcare facilities for mothers and children...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065635/meals-enhancing-nutrition-after-discharge-findings-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled%C3%A2-trial
#13
David R Buys, Anthony D Campbell, Alice Godfryd, Kellie Flood, Elizabeth Kitchin, Meredith L Kilgore, Sally Allocca, Julie L Locher
BACKGROUND: After older adults experience episodes of poor health or are hospitalized, they may not return to premorbid or prehospitalization eating behaviors. Furthermore, poor nutrition increases hospital readmission risk, but evidence-based interventions addressing these risks are limited. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial assessing a post-discharge home-delivered meal program's impact on older adults' nutritional intake and hospital readmissions and to assess patient acceptability and satisfaction with the program...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064212/impact-of-a-critical-health-workforce-shortage-on-child-health-in-zimbabwe-a-country-case-study-on-progress-in-child-survival-2000-2013
#14
Connie A Haley, Sten H Vermund, Precious Moyo, Aaron M Kipp, Bernard Madzima, Trevor Kanyowa, Teshome Desta, Kasonde Mwinga, Marie A Brault
Despite notable progress reducing global under-five mortality rates, insufficient progress in most sub-Saharan African nations has prevented the achievement of Millennium Development Goal four (MDG#4) to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Country-level assessments of factors underlying why some African countries have not been able to achieve MDG#4 have not been published. Zimbabwe was included in a four-country study examining barriers and facilitators of under-five survival between 2000 and 2013 due to its comparatively slow progress towards MDG#4...
January 7, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059986/implementation-and-evaluation-of-self-scheduling-in-a-hospital-system
#15
Christina Wright, Peggy McCartt, Diane Raines, Marilyn H Oermann
Inflexible work schedules affect job satisfaction and influence nurse turnover. Job satisfaction is a significant predictor of nurse retention. Acute care hospitals report that job satisfaction is influenced by autonomy and educational opportunity. This project discusses implementation of computer-based self-scheduling in a hospital system and its impact. It is important for staff development educators to be aware that self-scheduling may play a key role in autonomy, professional development, turnover, and hospital costs...
January 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045885/moral-distress-model-reconstructed-using-grounded-theory
#16
Hsun-Kuei Ko, Chi-Chun Chin, Min-Tao Hsu
BACKGROUND: The problems of nurse burnout and manpower shortage relate to moral distress. Thus, having a good understanding of moral distress is critical to developing strategies that effectively improve the clinical ethical climate and improve nursing retention in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to reconstruct the model of moral distress using the grounded theory. METHODS: Twenty-five staff nurses at work units who attend to the needs of adult, pediatric, acute, and critical disease or end-of-life-care patients were recruited as participants using theoretical sampling from three teaching hospitals in Taiwan...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028285/-a-study-of-job-retention-among-nurses-engaged-in-home-visit-bathing-services
#17
Tomoya Itatani, Kazuya Taira, Mikiko Ito
It is necessary to include a nurse as staff in"Home Visit Bathing Long-Term Care"because nurses provide medical care such as vital sign measurement. However, the shortage of nurses is serious. A questionnaire survey was administered to nurses of E company, and findings showed that more than 50% of nurses felt physical fatigue. Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between"the intentions to continue working"and"good relationship between nurses and staff" (r=0.398, p<0.001), and there was a negative correlation with"low payment"(r=-0...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019067/dental-students-ability-to-locate-emergency-equipment-lessons-learned-from-aviation
#18
H M Pinsky, J M Le, D G Sweier, K Marti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental student's ability to locate medical emergency equipment/items at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry clinic. METHODS: A total of 138 second-year dental students (traditional group) participated in this study as part of a simulation-based medical emergencies rotation course held during the winter term of 2014 and 2015. Without prior training, students were tested on their ability to locate nine predetermined items on the clinic floor using a self-reported checklist...
December 25, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010989/mesh-graft-or-standard-repair-for-women-having-primary-transvaginal-anterior-or-posterior-compartment-prolapse-surgery-two-parallel-group-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trials-prospect
#19
Cathryn Ma Glazener, Suzanne Breeman, Andrew Elders, Christine Hemming, Kevin G Cooper, Robert M Freeman, Anthony Rb Smith, Fiona Reid, Suzanne Hagen, Isobel Montgomery, Mary Kilonzo, Dwayne Boyers, Alison McDonald, Gladys McPherson, Graeme MacLennan, John Norrie
BACKGROUND: The use of transvaginal mesh and biological graft material in prolapse surgery is controversial and has led to a number of enquiries into their safety and efficacy. Existing trials of these augmentations are individually too small to be conclusive. We aimed to compare the outcomes of prolapse repair involving either synthetic mesh inlays or biological grafts against standard repair in women. METHODS: We did two pragmatic, parallel-group, multicentre, randomised controlled trials for our study (PROSPECT [PROlapse Surgery: Pragmatic Evaluation and randomised Controlled Trials]) in 35 centres (a mix of secondary and tertiary referral hospitals) in the UK...
December 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008747/validation-of-an-instrument-to-measure-moral-distress-within-the-australian-residential-and-community-care-environments
#20
Adam Burston, Robert Eley, Deborah Parker, Anthony Tuckett
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the experience of moral distress within the aged care workforce. The objective of this study was to use and validate an existing instrument to measure moral distress within the aged care setting. BACKGROUND: Moral distress, a phenomenon associated with worker satisfaction and retention, is common within nursing. Instruments to measure moral distress exist; however, there are no validated instruments to measure moral distress within an aged care setting...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Older People Nursing
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