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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538983/assocation-of-a-surgical-task-during-training-with-team-skill-acquisition-among-surgical-residents-the-missing-piece-in-multidisciplinary-team-training
#1
Jessica L Sparks, Dustin L Crouch, Kathryn Sobba, Douglas Evans, Jing Zhang, James E Johnson, Ian Saunders, John Thomas, Sarah Bodin, Ashley Tonidandel, Jeff Carter, Carl Westcott, R Shayn Martin, Amy Hildreth
Importance: The human patient simulators that are currently used in multidisciplinary operating room team training scenarios cannot simulate surgical tasks because they lack a realistic surgical anatomy. Thus, they eliminate the surgeon's primary task in the operating room. The surgical trainee is presented with a significant barrier when he or she attempts to suspend disbelief and engage in the scenario. Objective: To develop and test a simulation-based operating room team training strategy that challenges the communication abilities and teamwork competencies of surgeons while they are engaged in realistic operative maneuvers...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463875/training-anesthesiologists-in-out-of-operating-room-anesthesia
#2
Karen J Souter, Wil Van Cleve
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe recent developments and current trends in training anesthesiologists in out-of-operating room anesthesia (OORA). RECENT FINDINGS: In the United States, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education recently updated its training requirements to include a mandatory 2-week rotation in OORA for anesthesiology residents. This likely reflects the continuing expansion of anesthesia services in the out-of-operating room (OOR) environment as well as the increasing complexity of OOR procedures and medical acuity of patients in these settings...
April 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377943/expert-evaluation-of-a-chicken-tissue-based-model-for-teaching-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-insertion
#3
Akiva Nachshon, John D Mitchell, Ariel Mueller, Valerie M Banner-Goodspeed, Jakob I McSparron
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization (CVC) is a commonly performed procedure which carries significant risks for complications. Current models used for simulation-based teaching are expensive and may not replicate tissue feel and ultrasound qualities of human tissues. We aimed to evaluate a tissue model composed of chicken breast and balloons and compare it to a commercially available mannequin. METHODS: Forty attending physicians from four departments with extensive CVC experience were enrolled...
January 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367396/comparing-anesthesiology-residency-training-structure-and-requirements-in-seven-different-countries-on-three-continents
#4
Satoshi Yamamoto, Pedro Tanaka, Matias V Madsen, Alex Macario
Little has been published comparing the graduate medical education training structure and requirements across multiple countries. The goal of this study was to summarize and compare the characteristics of anesthesiology training programs in the USA, UK, Canada, Japan, Brazil, Denmark, and Switzerland as a way to better understand efforts to train anesthesiologists in different countries. Two physicians trained in each of the seven countries (convenience sample) were interviewed using a semi-structured approach...
February 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328640/we-are-going-to-name-names-and-call-you-out-improving-the-team-in-the-academic-operating-room-environment
#5
Richard Bodor, Brian J Nguyen, Kevin Broder
INTRODUCTION: Communication failures between multidisciplinary teams can impact efficiency, performance, and morale. Academic operating rooms (ORs) often have surgical, anesthesia, and nursing teams, each teaching multiple trainees. Incorrectly identifying name and "rank" (postgraduate year [PGY]) of resident trainees can disrupt performance evaluations and team morale and even potentially impair delivery of quality care when miscommunication errors proliferate. METHODS: Our OR-based survey asked 50 participants (18 surgeons, 14 anesthesiologists, and 18 nursing members), to recall basic identification data including provider names and PGY levels from their recent collaborating OR teams...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#6
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277546/decerebrate-mouse-model-for-studies-of-the-spinal-cord-circuits
#7
Claire F Meehan, Kyle A Mayr, Marin Manuel, Stan T Nakanishi, Patrick J Whelan
The adult decerebrate mouse model (a mouse with the cerebrum removed) enables the study of sensory-motor integration and motor output from the spinal cord for several hours without compromising these functions with anesthesia. For example, the decerebrate mouse is ideal for examining locomotor behavior using intracellular recording approaches, which would not be possible using current anesthetized preparations. This protocol describes the steps required to achieve a low-blood-loss decerebration in the mouse and approaches for recording signals from spinal cord neurons with a focus on motoneurons...
April 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267069/upgrading-a-social-media-strategy-to-increase-twitter-engagement-during-the-spring-annual-meeting-of-the-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine
#8
Eric S Schwenk, Kellie M Jaremko, Rajnish K Gupta, Ankeet D Udani, Colin J L McCartney, Anne Snively, Edward R Mariano
Microblogs known as "tweets" are a rapid, effective method of information dissemination in health care. Although several medical specialties have described their Twitter conference experiences, Twitter-related data in the fields of anesthesiology and pain medicine are sparse. We therefore analyzed the Twitter content of 2 consecutive spring meetings of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine using publicly available online transcripts. We also examined the potential contribution of a targeted social media campaign on Twitter engagement during the conferences...
May 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235522/preprocedural-ultrasound-assessment-does-not-improve-trainee-performance-of-spinal-anesthesia-for-obstetrical-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Timothy P Turkstra, Kristine L Marmai, Kevin P Armstrong, Kamal Kumar, S Indu Singh
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy of additional information from preprocedure ultrasound examination to aid anesthesiology trainees performing spinal anesthesia for obstetric patients. DESIGN: Trainee residents were randomly allocated to landmark technique and anatomy demonstration via ultrasound examination or landmark technique only for spinal anesthetic placement. SETTING: Obstetric delivery suite...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146454/mode-of-information-delivery-does-not-effect-anesthesia-trainee-performance-during-simulated-perioperative-pediatric-critical-events-a-trial-of-paper-versus-electronic-cognitive-aids-erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096573/prolonged-patient-emergence-time-among-clinical-anesthesia-resident-trainees
#11
L McLean House, Nathan H Calloway, Warren S Sandberg, Jesse M Ehrenfeld
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Emergence time, or the duration between incision closure and extubation, is costly nonoperative time. Efforts to improve operating room efficiency and identify trainee progress make such time intervals of interest. We sought to calculate the incidence of prolonged emergence (i.e., >15 min) for patients under the care of clinical anesthesia (CA) residents. We also sought to identify factors from resident training, medical history, anesthetic use, and anesthesia staffing, which affect emergence...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045758/a-virtual-reality-simulation-model-of-spinal-ultrasound-role-in-teaching-spinal-sonoanatomy
#12
Reva Ramlogan, Ahtsham U Niazi, Rongyu Jin, James Johnson, Vincent W Chan, Anahi Perlas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound assessment of the lumbar spine improves the success of spinal and epidural anesthesia, especially for patients with underlying difficult anatomy. To assist with the teaching and learning of ultrasound-guided neuraxial anesthesia, we have created an online interactive educational model (http://www.usra.ca/vspine.php and http://pie.med.utoronto.ca/vspine). The aim of the current study was to determine whether the virtual spine model improved the knowledge of neuraxial anatomy and sonoanatomy...
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039649/or-fire-virtual-training-simulator-design-and-face-validity
#13
Denis Dorozhkin, Jaisa Olasky, Daniel B Jones, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Stephanie B Jones, Caroline G L Cao, Marcos Molina, Steven Henriques, Jinling Wang, Jeff Flinn, Suvranu De
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Electrosurgical Skill Trainer is a tool for training surgeons the safe operation of electrosurgery tools in both open and minimally invasive surgery. This training includes a dedicated team-training module that focuses on operating room (OR) fire prevention and response. The module was developed to allow trainees, practicing surgeons, anesthesiologist, and nurses to interact with a virtual OR environment, which includes anesthesia apparatus, electrosurgical equipment, a virtual patient, and a fire extinguisher...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977462/a-feedback-and-evaluation-system-that-provokes-minimal-retaliation-by-trainees
#14
Keith Baker, Bishr Haydar, Shawn Mankad
BACKGROUND: Grade inflation is pervasive in educational settings in the United States. One driver of grade inflation may be faculty concern that assigning lower clinical performance scores to trainees will cause them to retaliate and assign lower teaching scores to the faculty member. The finding of near-zero retaliation would be important to faculty members who evaluate trainees. METHODS: The authors used a bidirectional confidential evaluation and feedback system to test the hypothesis that faculty members who assign lower clinical performance scores to residents subsequently receive lower clinical teaching scores...
February 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922569/mode-of-information-delivery-does-not-effect-anesthesia-trainee-performance-during-simulated-perioperative-pediatric-critical-events-a-trial-of-paper-versus-electronic-cognitive-aids
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Scott C Watkins, Shilo Anders, Anna Clebone, Elisabeth Hughes, Vikram Patel, Laura Zeigler, Yaping Shi, Matthew S Shotwell, Matthew D McEvoy, Matthew B Weinger
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive aids (CAs), including emergency manuals and checklists, have been recommended as a means to address the failure of healthcare providers to adhere to evidence-based standards of treatment during crisis situations. Unfortunately, users of CAs still commit errors, omit critical steps, fail to achieve perfect adherence to guidelines, and frequently choose to not use CA during both simulated and real crisis events. We sought to evaluate whether the mode in which a CA presents information (ie, paper vs...
December 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878890/a-qualitative-exploration-of-anesthesia-trainees-experiences-during-transition-to-a-children-s-hospital
#16
Peter W Howe, Koshila Kumar
BACKGROUND: The stresses of starting a new job can make anyone feel tired and inefficient. In health care, this may impair the ability to learn at a time when there is most to learn, and increase the risk of error in a context where errors may lead to patient harm. AIM: The aim of this study was to understand issues which influence anesthesia trainees' transition to a pediatric setting. METHODS: This qualitative study utilized in-depth semi-structured interviews to gather data from 31 anesthesia trainees who had commenced work at a tertiary children's hospital between 4 and 6 weeks previously...
November 22, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878131/extra-luminal-entrapment-of-guide-wire-a-rare-complication-of-central-venous-catheter-placement-in-right-internal-jugular-vein
#17
Md Abu Masud Ansari, Naveen Kumar, Shailesh Kumar, Sarita Kumari
Central venous Catheterization (CVC) is a commonly performed procedure for venous access. It is associated with several complications. We report a rare case of extra luminal entrapment of guide wire during CVC placement in right jugular vein. We report a case of 28 years old female patient presented in our emergency with history of entrapped guide wire in right side of neck during CVC. X-ray showed coiling of guide wire in neck. CT Angiography showed guide wire coursing in between common carotid artery and internal jugular vein (IJV), closely abutting the wall of both vessels...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871589/trainee-experience-and-success-of-urgent-airway-management
#18
Thomas E Schulte, Kyle J Ringenberg, Steven J Lisco, Harlan Sayles, Sasha K Shillcutt
BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding emergent, non-operating room, intubations performed by all levels of anesthesia residents. This study was a large retrospective review of all non-operating room emergent intubations performed at a single tertiary medical center. The study evaluated the rate of difficult intubations by level of resident training, compared success rates for direct versus video laryngoscopy and evaluated the rate and success of rescue video laryngoscopy following failed direct laryngoscopy...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705012/how-patient-controlled-sedation-is-adopted-in-clinical-practice-of-sedation-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-prospective-study-of-1196-cases
#19
Jarno Jokelainen, Marianne Udd, Leena Kylänpää, Harri Mustonen, Jorma Halttunen, Outi Lindström, Reino Pöyhiä
OBJECTIVE: Patient-controlled sedation (PCS) has been shown to be a valid choice for sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in randomized studies. However, large-scale studies are lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single center, prospective observational study to determine how sedation for ERCP is administered in clinical setting. All 956 patients undergoing 1196 ERCPs in the endoscopy unit of Helsinki University Central Hospital 2012-2013, methods of sedation and adverse events associated with different sedations were recorded...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685347/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-ultrasound-versus-nerve-stimulator-guidance-for-axillary-brachial-plexus-block
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michael J Barrington, Samuel R Gledhill, Roman Kluger, Alexander L Clarke, Daniel M Wong, Henry Davidson, Rowan Thomas
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided techniques improve outcomes in regional anesthesia when compared with traditional techniques; however, this assertion has not been studied with novices. The primary objective of this study was to compare sensory and motor block after axillary brachial plexus block when performed by novice trainees allocated to an ultrasound- or nerve-stimulator-guided group. A secondary objective was to compare the rates of skill acquisition between the 2 groups. METHODS: This study was a prospective, randomized, observer-blinded, 2-arm controlled trial...
November 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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