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"Positive aging"

Anna Maria Ierardi, Francesca Giorlando, Filippo Piacentino, Federico Fontana, Raffaele Novario, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Ejona Duka, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate factors influencing effectiveness of percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (<3 cm). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2007 and August 2015, 49 patients with 65 previously histological typed HCC were treated in a total of 61 sessions. Tumours were subdivided into central (>3 cm from the capsule) (n = 22) and peripheral (<3 cm from the capsule) (n = 43)...
October 15, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
Nimmi Hutnik, Pam Smith, Tina Koch
AIM: In 2010, we interviewed 16 UK centenarians about their lives and later published a paper on the socio-emotional aspects of positive ageing. We were struck by their ability to 'move on' from difficult situations which we recognized conceptually as 'resilience'. In the effort to understand aspects of resilience as portrayed in their stories, we re-examined their data. METHODOLOGY: In the original study, we used participatory action research (PAR) for its storytelling and group process components...
April 2016: Nurs Open
Otmar Bock, Selçuk Akpinar
Previous research suggests that older persons show cognitive deficits in standardized laboratory tests, but not in more natural tests such as the Multiple Errands Task (MET). The absence of deficits in the latter tests has been attributed to the compensation of deficits by strategies based on life-long experience. To scrutinize this view, we primed older participants with positive or negative stereotypes about old age before administering MET. We found that compared to unprimed controls, priming with positive age stereotypes reduced the number of errors without changing response times, while priming with negative stereotypes changed neither errors not response times...
2016: PloS One
Bartosz Grzymala-Lubanski, Peter J Svensson, Henrik Renlund, Anders Jeppsson, Anders Själander
OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of time in therapeutic range (TTR) and international normalised ratio (INR) variability on the risk of thromboembolic events, major bleeding complications and death after mechanical heart valve (MHV) implantation. Additionally, the importance of different target INR levels was elucidated. METHODS: A retrospective, non-randomised multicentre cohort study including all patients with mechanical heart valve (MVH) prosthesis registered in the Swedish National Quality Registry Auricula from 2006 to 2011...
September 2, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Dina Guglielmi, Lorenzo Avanzi, Rita Chiesa, Marco G Mariani, Ilaria Bruni, Marco Depolo
Nowadays organizations have to cope with two related challenges: maintaining an engaged and highly performing workforce and, at the same time, protecting and increasing employees' well-being and job satisfaction under conditions of a generalized increase of job demand, in an increasingly growing older population. According to the motivational process of the JD-R model, a work environment with many organizational resources will foster work engagement, which in turn will increase the likelihood of positive personal and organizational outcomes, such as job satisfaction, performance, and intention to stay...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Joanna Elfving-Hwang
This article offers an as yet unexplored dimension of our current understanding of the ageing body in the context of contemporary South Korea. Drawing on interviews with twenty elderly women living in the greater Seoul metropolitan area, this article explores the role of appearance, body work, and the presentation of self in the women's everyday lived experiences. Existing research on the ageing female body in South Korea has primarily focused on the so-called noin munjae ('the elderly issue') discourse, within which the ageing body is framed as passive, undesirable, or out-of-control...
August 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
Jin-Lin Du, Sui-Hong Chen, Qi-Hong Huang, Shang-Hang Xie, Yan-Fang Ye, Rui Gao, Jie Guo, Meng-Jie Yang, Qing Liu, Ming-Huang Hong, Su-Mei Cao
BACKGROUND: Serum immunoglobulin A antibodies against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), viral capsid antigen (VCA-IgA) and early antigen (EA-IgA), are used to screen for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in endemic areas. However, their routine use has been questioned because of a lack of specificity. This study aimed to determine the distributions of different subtypes of antibody and to illustrate how the natural variation patterns affect the specificity of screening in non-NPC participants. METHODS: The distribution of baseline VCA-IgA was analyzed between sexes and across 10-year age groups in 18,286 non-NPC participants using Chi square tests...
2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
Jennifer A Bellingtier, Shevaun D Neupert
OBJECTIVES: In order to understand conflicting findings regarding the emotional reactions of older adults to daily stressors, we examined the possibility that negative aging attitudes could function as an important individual differences factor related to stressor reactivity. METHOD: Using a daily dairy design, we examined the aging attitudes of 43 older adults reporting on 380 total days. Participants reported their aging attitudes on Day 1, followed by their stressor exposure and negative affect on Days 2-9...
August 3, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Michael Habenicht, Eberhard Rabe, Felix Amsler, Erika Mendoza
BACKGROUND: In the daily office setting, flow and reflux in leg veins is assessed to investigate patients with chronic venous disease. Valsalva manoeuvre and manual calf compression and release are frequent manoeuvres used to elicit blood flow in leg veins. Toe elevation manoeuvre (TEM) was proposed as a further alternative to provoke blood flow in veins. We compared both methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients consulting a venous office referring no previous treatment on their leg veins were evaluated with duplex ultrasound in the standing position...
2016: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Jane Greening, Andrew Dilley
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral nerves slide and stretch during limb movements. Changes in nerve stiffness associated with such movements have not been examined in detail but may be important in understanding movement-evoked pain in patients with a variety of different musculoskeletal conditions. METHODS: Shear-wave elastography was used to examine stiffness in the median and tibial nerves of healthy individuals during postures used clinically to stretch these nerves. RESULTS: Shear-wave velocity increased when limbs were moved into postures that are thought to increase nerve stiffness (mean increase: median nerve = 208% in arm, 236% in forearm; Tibial nerve = 136%)...
July 11, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Lara Kruger, Corné van Walbeek, Nicole Vellios
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking in South Africa decreased sharply since the early 1990s. Waterpipe smoking increased, especially among students. We estimate the prevalence of waterpipe and cigarette smoking and associated characteristics among university students in the Western Cape. METHODS: An anonymous self-administered online questionnaire was sent to all registered students at 4 public Western Cape universities. The 4578 valid responses were weighted to represent the Western Cape's university student population...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Stephanie W Mayer, João Caetano Munhoz Abdo, Mary K Hill, Lauryn A Kestel, Zhaoxing Pan, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) deformity has been associated with posterior hip instability in adult athletes. PURPOSE: To determine if FAI deformity is associated with posterior hip instability in adolescents, the femoral head-neck junction or acetabular structure in a cohort of adolescent patients who sustained a low-energy, sports-related posterior hip dislocation was compared with that in a group of healthy age- and sex-matched controls with no history of hip injury or pain...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
J Byun, D Jung
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of daily stress and resilience on successful ageing among community-dwelling older adults. BACKGROUND: Ageing can be a positive experience if there is good adaptation to ageing processes. Positive ageing needs to be a basis of nursing care, health promotion and education within community settings. METHODS: Data were collected in March and April of 2014 from 262 older adults living in Seoul and Jeju, South Korea...
September 2016: International Nursing Review
Maja Niksic, Bernard Rachet, Fiona G Warburton, Lindsay J L Forbes
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences in cancer symptom awareness and barriers to seeking medical help in the English population are not fully understood. We aimed to quantify these differences, to help develop more effective health campaigns, tailored to the needs of different ethnic groups. METHODS: Using a large national data set (n=38 492) of cross-sectional surveys that used the Cancer Research UK Cancer Awareness Measure, we examined how cancer symptom awareness and barriers varied by ethnicity, controlling for socio-economic position, age and gender...
June 28, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Manon Marquet, Pierre Missotten, Stéphane Adam
Stigmatization related to age (i.e., ageism) is a widespread phenomenon in the modern industrial societies where older people are perceived as cognitively incompetent. Therefore negative stereotypes about age-related cognitive decline may have a detrimental influence on older adults on their cognitive performance. The aim of the present review is to understand how stereotypes can influence the performance of the elderly on cognitive tests. We first describe the stereotype threat phenomenon by providing an overview of situations likely to produce stereotype threat, as well as contextual and personal characteristics that moderate its effects...
June 1, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Ann Scott Blouin, Cheryl A Smith-Miller, Jacqueline Harden, Yin Li
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the profound impact of fatigue and the process by which 1 academic medical center assessed fatigue levels, and associated factors, among nursing personnel in their effort to develop a comprehensive fatigue management program. BACKGROUND: To adequately perform amid high patient acuity and in today's fast paced healthcare environment, nurses must be attentive and react quickly and appropriately with clear judgment and reasoning-abilities that can be greatly impaired by fatigue...
June 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Charlotte Jackson, Joanna H Mostowy, Helen R Stagg, Ibrahim Abubakar, Nick Andrews, Tom A Yates
BACKGROUND: Modelling studies suggest that workplaces may be important sites of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in high burden countries today. Contemporary data on tuberculosis by occupation from these settings are scarce. However, historical data on tuberculosis risk in different occupations are available and may provide insight into workplace transmission. We aimed to ascertain whether, in a high burden setting, individuals working in crowded indoor environments (exposed) had greater tuberculosis mortality than individuals employed elsewhere (unexposed)...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Aislinné Theresa Freeman, Ziggi Ivan Santini, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Christine Rummel-Kluge, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Although there is a growing literature on the adverse health outcomes related with negative ageing perceptions, studies on their association with mental disorders such as depression and anxiety are scarce. Thus, the aim of the current study was to prospectively assess the association between negative ageing perceptions and incident/persistent depression and anxiety using nationally representative data from Ireland. METHODS: Data from two consecutive waves of the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) were analysed...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Chiseko Ikeda, Kazuko Saeki, Michiyo Hirano
OBJECTIVE: Stress assessments are due to be conducted in December 2015. It is expected that there will be an increase in the number of private health agencies that provide stress assessment services and mental health care. This study aimed to clarify the current situation of and the factors related to stress assessments conducted by nurses in occupational health agencies. METHODS: Nurses working full time were randomly selected from 60 organizations that were members of the National Federation of Industrial Health Organization...
June 21, 2016: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Kenneth H Kozak, John J Wiens
Understanding which traits drive species diversification is essential for macroevolutionary studies and to understand patterns of species richness among clades. An important tool for testing if traits influence diversification is to estimate rates of net diversification for each clade, and then test for a relationship between traits and diversification rates among clades. However, this general approach has become very controversial. Numerous papers have now stated that it is inappropriate to analyze net diversification rates in groups in which clade richness is not positively correlated with clade age...
April 4, 2016: Systematic Biology
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