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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332665/performance-outcomes-after-medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-in-major-league-baseball-positional-players
#1
John P Begly, Michael S Guss, Theodore S Wolfson, Siddharth A Mahure, Andrew S Rokito, Laith M Jazrawi
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether professional baseball positional players who underwent medial ulnar collateral ligament (MUCL) reconstruction demonstrate decreases in performance on return to competition compared with preoperative performance metrics and their control-matched peers. METHODS: Data for 35 Major League Baseball positional players who underwent MUCL reconstruction during 31 seasons were obtained. Twenty-six players met inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330985/medical-students-perceptions-of-their-learning-environment-at-lahore-medical-and-dental-college-lahore
#2
Uzma Zafar, Seema Daud, Qamar Shakoor, Abdul Majeed Chaudhry, Fahad Naser, Mehreen Mushtaq
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to assess medical students' perceptions of their learning environment at Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. METHODS: It was a crosssectional descriptive study conducted at Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. Five hundred and thirty-three students participated in this study. A questionnaire was used as a study tool, comprising of demographic information and the 'Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure' (DREEM) inventory...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285477/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-producing-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamases-vim-imp-sme-and-aim-in-the-clinical-isolates-of-intensive-care-units-a-university-hospital-in-isfahan-iran
#3
Farzin Khorvash, Mohammadreza Yazdani, Shiva Shabani, Aliasghar Soudi
Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a severe challenge for antimicrobial therapy, due to the chromosomal mutations or exhibition of intrinsic resistance to various antimicrobial agents such as most β-lactams. We undertook this study to evaluate the existence of SME, IMP, AIM, and VIM metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) encoding genes among P. aeruginosa strains isolated from Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients in Al-Zahra Hospital in Isfahan, Iran. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective cross-sectional study that was conducted between March 2012 and April 2013, a total of 48 strains of P...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227853/joint-effect-of-education-and-age-at-childbirth-on-the-risk-of-caesarean-delivery-findings-from-germany-2008-2015
#4
L Castiglioni, C Schmiedeberg
OBJECTIVES: This article aims at assessing the joint effect of maternal age and education on the risk of having a caesarean delivery. As high maternal education is often associated with lower caesarean-birth rates, but high-educated women tend to postpone motherhood, these effects may offset each other in traditional analyses. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the data from the German Family Panel pairfam. METHODS: The interview-based data refer to 1020 births between 2008 and 2015...
December 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221428/interactions-between-stereotype-threat-subjective-aging-and-memory-in-older-adults
#5
Manon Marquet, Pierre Missotten, Benoit Dardenne, Stéphane Adam
This study examined whether the effects of stereotype threat on memory and subjective age were moderated by positive age stereotypes and self-perceptions of aging among older adults. Perceived threat as a mechanism underlying these effects was also explored. Results showed that stereotype threat (high vs. low threat) did not affect the dependent variables. Moreover, self-perceptions of aging did not moderate the effect of stereotype threat on the dependent variables. However, for people with more positive age stereotypes, older people under highthreat perceived more threat than people under low threat...
December 8, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218330/interactive-effects-of-parental-age-on-offspring-fitness-and-age-assortative-mating-in-a-wild-bird
#6
E Keith Bowers, Scott K Sakaluk, Charles F Thompson
Variation in parental age can have important consequences for offspring fitness and the structure of populations and disease transmission. However, our understanding of the effects of parental age on offspring in natural populations is limited. Here, we investigate consequences of parental age for offspring fitness and test for age-assortative mating in a short-lived bird, the house wren (Troglodytes aedon). Offspring immunoresponsiveness increased with maternal age and decreased with paternal age, but the strength of these effects varied with the age of one's mate...
June 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199782/anthropometric-and-physiological-characteristics-of-male-soccer-players-according-to-their-competitive-level-playing-position-and-age-group-a-systematic-review
#7
Maamer Slimani, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present systematic review was to profile soccer players' anthropometric, physiological, and physical attributes relative to different competitive levels, playing positions and age groups. METHODS: The systematic search was conducted using different databases and according to the Population/Intervention or Exposure/Comparison/Outcome(s) [PICO] criteria. RESULTS: The present review shows that the somatotype characteristics, percentage (%) of body fat, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), repeatedsprint ability (RSA), running speed, strength, and muscular power of the lower limbs were the most powerful discriminators between male soccer players of different competitive levels, playing positions, and age groups...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101427/sociodemographic-patterns-in-pharmacy-dispensing-of-medications-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-sweden
#8
Pernilla J Bjerkeli, Shai Mulinari, Sofia Zettermark, Juan Merlo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between sociodemographic factors and pharmacy dispensing of medications for erectile dysfunction (ED) in the general population of middle-aged and elderly men. By considering a number of medical conditions that could promote or contraindicate use of ED medication, the analysis could help capture prescription patterns that might not be explained by medical needs. METHODS: Individual-level pharmacy dispensing data from 2006 for a population-based cohort of 216,148 men aged 45-79 years in the county Scania, Sweden, were analysed...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095976/lamin-a-c-cardiomyopathy-young-onset-high-penetrance-and-frequent-need-for-heart-transplantation
#9
Nina Eide Hasselberg, Trine Fink Haland, Jørg Saberniak, Pål Haugar Brekke, Knut Erik Berge, Trond Paul Leren, Thor Edvardsen, Kristina Hermann Haugaa
Aims: Lamin A/C (LMNA) mutations cause familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with frequent conduction blocks and arrhythmias. We explored the prevalence, cardiac penetrance, and expressivity of LMNA mutations among familial DCM in Norway. Furthermore, we explored the risk factors and the outcomes in LMNA patients. Methods and results: During 2003-15, genetic testing was performed in patients referred for familial DCM. LMNA genotype-positive subjects were examined by electrocardiography, Holter monitoring, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and echocardiography...
October 31, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082304/aging-attention-and-situation-selection-older-adults-create-mixed-emotional-environments
#10
Derek M Isaacowitz, Kathryn L Ossenfort
Studies of age differences in affective experience tend to report positive age trends. Studies of attentional deployment also tend to find older individuals attending more to positive and less to negative stimuli. However, everyday entertainment choices seem to vary by age more in terms of meaningfulness and value than by valence. Relatively few age differences emerge in the valence of choices made in situation selection tasks, though older adults avoid arousal. Thus, both younger and older adults actively construct mixed emotional environments...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044458/patient-reported-quality-of-life-outcomes-after-de-escalated-chemoradiation-for-human-papillomavirus-positive-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-findings-from-a-phase-2-trial
#11
John V Hegde, Narek Shaverdian, Megan E Daly, Carol Felix, Deborah L Wong, Michael H Rosove, Jordan H Garst, Pin-Chieh Wang, Darlene Veruttipong, Shyam Rao, Ruben C Fragoso, Jonathan W Riess, Michael L Steinberg, Allen M Chen
BACKGROUND: The current study represents a subset analysis of quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes among patients treated on a phase 2 trial of de-escalated chemoradiation for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer. METHODS: Eligibility included newly diagnosed, (American Joint Committee on Cancer, 7th edition) stage III or IV oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, p16 positivity, age ≥ 18 years, and a Zubrod performance status of 0 to 1. Treatment was induction paclitaxel at a dose of 175 mg/m(2) and carboplatin at an area under the curve of 6 for 2 cycles followed by response-adapted, dose-reduced radiation of 54 Gy or 60 Gy with weekly concurrent paclitaxel at a dose of 30 mg/m(2) ...
October 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990394/striving-for-positive-aging-among-chinese-older-people-effects-of-life-stress-and-control-beliefs-in-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Luo Lu, Shu-Fang Kao
We examined effects of life stress and control beliefs on a constellation of subjective indicators of well-being for older people, including meaning in life, happiness, peace of mind, and positive aging perception. The Chinese cultural background provided the sociocultural milieu for the present study. In a longitudinal study, 301 older Chinese adults completed a questionnaire survey twice, 6 months apart. Regression analyses found that stress caused by major life-changing events (acute) and financial hardship (chronic) were consistent negative predictors of all well-being indicators...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987789/female-age-serum-antim%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-level-and-number-of-oocytes-affect-the-rate-and-number-of-euploid-blastocysts-in-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-cycles
#13
Antonio La Marca, Maria Giulia Minasi, Giovanna Sighinolfi, Pierfrancesco Greco, Cindy Argento, Valentina Grisendi, Francesco Fiorentino, Ermanno Greco
OBJECTIVE: To study the relative role of female age and ovarian reserve, measured through serum antimüllerian hormone (AMH) in determining the rate and number of euploid blastocysts in in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of cycles performed in 2014-2015. SETTING: Tertiary referral IVF center. PATIENT(S): A total of 578 infertile couples undergoing IVF/ICSI and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) analysis...
November 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961979/penetration-and-antiviral-efficacy-of-total-and-unbound-maraviroc-raltegravir-and-rilpivirine-in-both-female-and-male-genital-fluids-from-hiv-positive-patients-receiving-regimens-containing-these-antiretrovirals
#14
Minh P Lê, Linda Belarbi, Marie-Laure Chaix, Emmanuel Dulioust, Nadia Mahjoub, Dominique Salmon, Jean-Paul Viard, Claudine Duvivier, Gilles Peytavin, Odile Launay, Jade Ghosn
Background: Sub-optimal penetration of antiretroviral drugs in genital compartments might promote local HIV persistence and increase the risk of HIV transmission. Objectives: To describe the penetration of maraviroc, raltegravir, raltegravir glucuronide and rilpivirine in seminal plasma and cervico-vaginal secretions (CVS) and to assess local antiretroviral efficacy in HIV-1-positive patients. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre study...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950978/aging-and-emotions-experience-regulation-and-perception
#15
REVIEW
Derek M Isaacowitz, Kimberly M Livingstone, Vanessa L Castro
Whereas some theories suggest that emotion-related processes become more positive with age, recent empirical findings on affective experience, emotion regulation, and emotion perception depict a more nuanced picture. Though there is some evidence for positive age trajectories in affective experience, results are mixed for emotion regulation and largely negative for emotion perception. Thus, current findings suggest that the effects of age on emotion vary across different affective domains; age patterns are also influenced by different moderators, including contextual factors and individual differences...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926075/high-efficiency-quantum-dot-light-emitting-diodes-from-positive-aging
#16
Krishna P Acharya, Alexandre Titov, Jake Hyvonen, Chenggong Wang, Jean Tokarz, Paul H Holloway
Colloidal quantum dot-polymer hybrid light emitting diodes (QLEDs) that exhibit external quantum efficiencies >12% for all three primary colors (21% from green) have been demonstrated. These high efficiencies result in part from a positive aging effect reported here for the first time, where positive aging means the efficiency of the QLED increased with time. We have achieved 470 h operational life time (T90) at 2550 nits for red QLEDs. At longer times, negative aging phenomena lead to lower luminance and limit the lifetime of the QLEDs...
October 5, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923864/age-related-trends-in-adults-with-community-onset-bacteremia
#17
Ching-Chi Lee, Jiun-Ling Wang, Chung-Hsun Lee, Yuan-Pin Hung, Ming-Yuan Hong, Chia-Ming Chang, Wen-Chien Ko
To understand the epidemiological variation in bacteremia characteristics among differently aged populations, adults with community-onset bacteremia during a 6-year period were studied in a retrospective cohort. A total of 2,349 bacteremic patients were stratified into four age categories: young adults (18-44 years old; 196 patients, 8.3%), adults (45-64; 707, 30.1%), the elderly (65-84; 1,098, 46.7%), and the oldest old (≥ 85; 348, 14.8%). Age-related trends in critical illness (a Pitt bacteremia score ≥ 4) at bacteremia onset, antibiotic-resistant pathogens (ESBL-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species, and Proteus mirabilis [EKP]; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus [MRSA]; and levofloxacin non-susceptible EKP), inappropriate empirical antibiotic therapy (EAT), and 4-week mortality rate were observed...
September 18, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876564/oesophageal-squamous-cell-cancer-in-a-south-african-tertiary-hospital-a-risk-factor-and-presentation-analysis
#18
E Loots, B Sartorius, T E Madiba, C J J Mulder, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: Squamous carcinoma of the oesophagus (SCO) is the most common form of oesophageal cancer in South Africa (SA). Risk factors include male gender, smoking, alcohol consumption and low socio-economic status (SES). This study assessed the risk factors for SCO in KwaZulu-Natal. METHOD: Information on patients managed at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital (IALCH), Durban, South Africa, between 1 October 2013 and 31 December 2014 was retrieved from a prospective database of Oesophageal Cancer (OC)...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854610/positive-aging-expectations-are-associated-with-physical-activity-among-urban-dwelling-older-adults
#19
Ryan M Andrews, Erwin J Tan, Vijay R Varma, George W Rebok, William A Romani, Teresa E Seeman, Tara L Gruenewald, Elizabeth K Tanner, Michelle C Carlson
Purpose: Regular physical activity is a key component of healthy aging, but few older adults meet physical activity guidelines. Poor aging expectations can contribute to this lack of activity, since negative stereotypes about the aging process can be internalized and affect physical performance. Although prior cross-sectional studies have shown that physical activity and aging expectations are associated, less is known about this association longitudinally, particularly among traditionally underrepresented groups...
August 1, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840146/performance-and-return-to-sport-after-clavicle-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-national-football-league-players
#20
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Sergio M Navarro, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
BACKGROUND: Clavicle fractures are common injuries in professional football. Surgical fixation of these injuries may lead to decreased nonunion rates, improved shoulder strength, and decreased residual functional impairment. PURPOSE: To determine (1) return-to-sport (RTS) rate in National Football League (NFL) players after clavicle fracture open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), (2) postoperative career length and games per season, (3) pre- and postoperative performance, and (4) postoperative performance compared with control players matched by position, age, years of experience, and performance...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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