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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176883/association-of-body-mass-index-with-the-tuberculosis-infection-a-population-based-study-among-17796-adults-in-rural-china
#1
Haoran Zhang, Xiangwei Li, Henan Xin, Hengjing Li, Mufei Li, Wei Lu, Liqiong Bai, Xinhua Wang, Jianmin Liu, Qi Jin, Lei Gao
Body mass index (BMI) has been shown to be associated with host susceptibility to several infections. However, the link between BMI and the risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection has been sparsely studied in China and in worldwide. Based on the baseline survey of a population-based, prospective study in rural China, the association between BMI and TB infection among adults was estimated by means of cross-sectional analysis. TB infection status was tested using QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT), a commercial of interferon-γ release assay (IGRA)...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149209/performance-outcomes-after-metacarpal-fractures-in-national-basketball-association-players
#2
Michael S Guss, John P Begly, Austin J Ramme, Richard M Hinds, Raj J Karia, John T Capo
Background: The aim was to determine whether players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) who sustain metacarpal fractures demonstrate decreased performance upon return to competition when compared with their performance before injury and that of their control-matched peers. Methods: Data for 32 NBA players with metacarpal fractures incurred over 11 seasons (2002-2003 to 2012-2013) were obtained from injury reports, press releases, and player profiles (www.nba.com and www.basketballreference.com). Player age, body mass index (BMI), position, shooting hand, number of years in the league, and treatment (surgical vs nonsurgical) were recorded...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127562/declining-physical-performance-associates-with-serum-fasl-mir-21-and-mir-146a-in-aging-sprinters
#3
Reeta Kangas, Timo Törmäkangas, Ari Heinonen, Markku Alen, Harri Suominen, Vuokko Kovanen, Eija K Laakkonen, Marko T Korhonen
Aging is associated with systemic inflammation and cellular apoptosis accelerating physiological dysfunctions. Whether physically active way of life affects these associations is unclear. This study measured the levels of serum inflammatory and apoptotic molecules, their change over 10 years, and their associations with physical performance in sprint-trained male athletes. HsCRP, cell counts, HGB, FasL, miR-21, and miR-146a were measured cross-sectionally (n = 67, 18-90 yrs) and serum FasL, miR-21, and miR-146a and their aging-related associations with physical performance were assessed over a 10-year follow-up (n = 49, 50-90 yrs)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102544/nursing-perceptions-of-patient-safety-climate-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#4
A Elsous, A Akbari Sari, Y AlJeesh, M Radwan
AIMS: This study was undertaken to assess the perception of nurses about patient safety culture and to test whether it is significantly affected by the nurses' position, age, experience and working hours. BACKGROUND: Patient safety has sparked the interest of healthcare mangers, yet there is limited knowledge about the current patient safety culture among nurses in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, administering the Arabic Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Short Form 2006) to 210 nurses in four public general hospitals...
January 19, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101309/patients-with-haemoglobinopathies-and-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-real-difficult-to-treat-population-in-2016
#5
Kalliopi Zachou, Pinelopi Arvaniti, Nikolaos K Gatselis, Kalliopi Azariadis, Georgia Papadamou, Eirini Rigopoulou, George N Dalekos
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In the past, patients with haemoglobinopathies were at high risk of acquiring hepatitis C virus (HCV) due to multiple transfusions before HCV screening. In these patients, the coexistence of haemochromatosis and chronic hepatitis C (CHC) often leads to more severe liver disease. We assessed the HCV prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcome in this setting with particular attention to the response to treatment including therapies with the new direct acting antivirals (DAAs)...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077346/the-use-of-motion-based-technology-for-people-living-with-dementia-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Erica Dove, Arlene J Astell
BACKGROUND: The number of people living with dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is increasing substantially. Although there are many research efforts directed toward the prevention and treatment of dementia and MCI, it is also important to learn more about supporting people to live well with dementia or MCI through cognitive, physical, and leisure means. While past research suggests that technology can be used to support positive aging for people with dementia or MCI, the use of motion-based technology has not been thoroughly explored with this population...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067612/is-there-a-paradox-of-aging-when-the-negative-aging-stereotype-meets-the-positivity-effect-in-older-adults
#7
Liqing Zhou, Jia Lu, Guopeng Chen, Li Dong, Yujia Yao
: Background/Study Context: Socioemotional selectivity theory (SST) states that the positivity effect is a result of older adults' emotion regulation and that older adults derive more emotional satisfaction from prioritizing positive information processing. The authors explored whether the positivity effect appeared when the negative aging stereotype was activated in older adults and also whether the effect differed between mixed and unmixed valence conditions. METHODS: Sixty younger (18-23 years of age) and 60 older (60-87 years of age) adults were randomly assigned to a control group and a priming group, in which the negative aging stereotype was activated...
January 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060953/what-do-men-want-from-a-health-screening-mobile-app-a-qualitative-study
#8
Chin Hai Teo, Chirk Jenn Ng, Alan White
There is a lack of mobile app which aims to improve health screening uptake developed for men. As part of the study to develop an effective mobile app to increase health screening uptake in men, we conducted a needs assessment to find out what do men want from a health screening mobile app. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 31 men from a banking institution in Kuala Lumpur. The participants were purposely sampled according to their job position, age, ethnicity and screening status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044003/fear-of-crime-in-old-age-a-sample-case-of-resilience
#9
Werner Greve, Bernhard Leipold, Cathleen Kappes
OBJECTIVES: Research on fear of crime (FOC) in adulthood has often shown a positive age relation, whereas the risk of criminal victimization decreases with age. The present study distinguishes three dimensions of FOC (affective, cognitive, and behavioral component) and attempts to investigate possible explanations for differential age correlations by referring to processes of adaptation and resilience. In particular, the functionality of FOC and its impact on the individual's well-being is assumed to be influenced by the individual's capacity to accommodate to adverse circumstances...
January 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018993/sleep-duration-sedentary-behaviors-and-physical-activity-across-weight-status-in-hispanic-toddlers-participants-of-the-wic-program
#10
José Molina, Kiara Amaro, Cynthia M Pérez, Cristina Palacios
OBJECTIVE: To describe physical activity, sedentary behaviors and sleep duration in toddlers' participants of the WIC program in Puerto Rico and assess its association with excessive weight. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data gathered in the follow-up visit (12 months later) of a longitudinal study among toddlers 12-36 months old participants of the WIC program. In this follow-up visit, a Sleep, Sedentary Behaviors and Physical Activity Questionnaire was included...
2016: J Child Obes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912847/negotiating-positive-aging-in-the-presence-of-age-related-vision-loss-arvl-the-shaping-and-perpetuation-of-disability
#11
Colleen McGrath, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Jan Polgar, Marlee M Spafford, Barry Trentham
INTRODUCTION: While previous research has explored the meaning of positive aging discourses from the perspective of older adults, the perspective of older adults aging with a disability has not been studied. In fact the intersection of aging and disability has been largely underexplored in both social gerontology and disability studies. METHOD: This critical ethnography engaged ten older adults aging with vision loss in narrative interviews, participant observation sessions, and semi-structured in-depth interviews...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845500/potentially-positive-ageing-related-variations-of-medial-smooth-muscle-cells-in-the-saphenous-veins-used-as-aortocoronary-bypass-grafts
#12
Bartlomiej Perek, Agnieszka Malinska, Jerzy Gasowski, Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka, Anna Perek, Marek Jemielity, Maciej Zabel, Michal Nowicki
INTRODUCTION: Currently, elderly people constitute a large proportion of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Activated smooth muscle cells in the tunica media of saphenous vein (SV) grafts are thought to play a key role in the formation of neointima and development of occluding atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of this study was to identify ageing-related variations in the expression of the smooth muscle cells pro-teins that may impact on patency rate of the grafts and the CABG outcomes...
2016: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793179/statistical-methodology-for-age-adjustment-of-the-gh-2000-score-detecting-growth-hormone-misuse
#13
Dankmar Böhning, Walailuck Böhning, Nishan Guha, David A Cowan, Peter H Sönksen, Richard I G Holt
BACKGROUND: The GH-2000 score has been developed as a powerful and unique technique for the detection of growth hormone misuse by sportsmen and women. The score depends upon the measurement of two growth hormone (GH) sensitive markers, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the amino-terminal pro-peptide of type III collagen (P-III-NP). With the collection and establishment of an increasingly large database it has become apparent that the score shows a positive age effect in the male athlete population, which could potentially place older male athletes at a disadvantage...
October 28, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776599/comparative-utility-of-interferon-%C3%AE-release-assay-quantiferon-%C3%A2-tb-git-and-t-spot-%C3%A2-tb-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
R Matsumura, H Igari, T Nakazawa, S Ishikawa, M Tsuyuzaki, K Suzuki, F Yamagishi
SETTING: National hospital for tuberculosis (TB) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Japan. OBJECTIVE: To compare two interferon-γ release assays (IGRAs), QuantiFERON(®)-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT) and T-SPOT(®).TB (T-SPOT), in RA patients for detecting latent tuberculous infection (LTBI). DESIGN: QFT and T-SPOT were conducted concurrently in 230 prospectively enrolled RA patients. RESULTS: There were no active TB patients...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744607/factors-predicting-outcomes-of-microwave-ablation-of-small-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Anna Maria Ierardi, Francesca Giorlando, Filippo Piacentino, Federico Fontana, Raffaele Novario, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Ejona Duka, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate factors influencing effectiveness of percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (<3 cm). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2007 and August 2015, 49 patients with 65 previously histological typed HCC were treated in a total of 61 sessions. Tumours were subdivided into central (>3 cm from the capsule) (n = 22) and peripheral (<3 cm from the capsule) (n = 43)...
October 15, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708821/using-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-to-explore-resilience-in-the-life-stories-of-16-uk-centenarians
#16
Nimmi Hutnik, Pam Smith, Tina Koch
AIM: In 2010, we interviewed 16 UK centenarians about their lives and later published a paper on the socio-emotional aspects of positive ageing. We were struck by their ability to 'move on' from difficult situations which we recognized conceptually as 'resilience'. In the effort to understand aspects of resilience as portrayed in their stories, we re-examined their data. METHODOLOGY: In the original study, we used participatory action research (PAR) for its storytelling and group process components...
April 2016: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649296/performance-of-older-persons-in-a-simulated-shopping-task-is-influenced-by-priming-with-age-stereotypes
#17
Otmar Bock, Selçuk Akpinar
Previous research suggests that older persons show cognitive deficits in standardized laboratory tests, but not in more natural tests such as the Multiple Errands Task (MET). The absence of deficits in the latter tests has been attributed to the compensation of deficits by strategies based on life-long experience. To scrutinize this view, we primed older participants with positive or negative stereotypes about old age before administering MET. We found that compared to unprimed controls, priming with positive age stereotypes reduced the number of errors without changing response times, while priming with negative stereotypes changed neither errors not response times...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590664/warfarin-treatment-quality-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-mechanical-heart-valve-prosthesis
#18
Bartosz Grzymala-Lubanski, Peter J Svensson, Henrik Renlund, Anders Jeppsson, Anders Själander
OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of time in therapeutic range (TTR) and international normalised ratio (INR) variability on the risk of thromboembolic events, major bleeding complications and death after mechanical heart valve (MHV) implantation. Additionally, the importance of different target INR levels was elucidated. METHODS: A retrospective, non-randomised multicentre cohort study including all patients with mechanical heart valve (MVH) prosthesis registered in the Swedish National Quality Registry Auricula from 2006 to 2011...
September 2, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574514/positive-aging-in-demanding-workplaces-the-gain-cycle-between-job-satisfaction-and-work-engagement
#19
Dina Guglielmi, Lorenzo Avanzi, Rita Chiesa, Marco G Mariani, Ilaria Bruni, Marco Depolo
Nowadays organizations have to cope with two related challenges: maintaining an engaged and highly performing workforce and, at the same time, protecting and increasing employees' well-being and job satisfaction under conditions of a generalized increase of job demand, in an increasingly growing older population. According to the motivational process of the JD-R model, a work environment with many organizational resources will foster work engagement, which in turn will increase the likelihood of positive personal and organizational outcomes, such as job satisfaction, performance, and intention to stay...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531448/old-down-and-out-appearance-body-work-and-positive-ageing-among-elderly-south-korean-women
#20
Joanna Elfving-Hwang
This article offers an as yet unexplored dimension of our current understanding of the ageing body in the context of contemporary South Korea. Drawing on interviews with twenty elderly women living in the greater Seoul metropolitan area, this article explores the role of appearance, body work, and the presentation of self in the women's everyday lived experiences. Existing research on the ageing female body in South Korea has primarily focused on the so-called noin munjae ('the elderly issue') discourse, within which the ageing body is framed as passive, undesirable, or out-of-control...
August 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
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