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"Positive aging"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635315/age-stereotypes-flexible-goal-adjustment-and-well-being-among-chinese-older-adults
#1
Jinfeng Zhang, Yu Nancy Xiaonan, Jianxin Zhang, Mingjie Zhou
Previous studies have examined the independent roles of positive age stereotypes (PAS) and negative age stereotypes (NAS) in successful aging. This study aimed to examine the joint effect of PAS and NAS on the well-being of Chinese older adults, and to further examine whether this effect was moderated by flexible goal adjustment (FGA). Using a cross-sectional design, 279 Chinese older adults (age range 60‒97 years) completed measures related to age stereotypes, FGA, and well-being. The results showed that PAS interacted with NAS to predict well-being...
June 21, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635131/characterization-of-pharyngeal-peristaltic-pressure-variability-during-volitional-swallowing-in-healthy-individuals
#2
G Balasubramanian, T Sharma, M Kern, L Mei, P Sanvanson, R Shaker
BACKGROUND: Recent technological advances incorporated in high resolution manometry have justifiably heightened interest in manometric evaluation of the pharynx. Despite this interest, from both physiologic and clinical perspective there remain a number of unanswered questions regarding the magnitude of variability of pharyngeal pressure phenomena. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterize in healthy individuals the inter-subject and recording-site specific variability of pharyngeal peristaltic pressure phenomena...
June 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632092/unscripted-exploring-representations-of-older-unpartnered-women-s-sexuality
#3
Beth Montemurro, Lisa Chewning
Images of sexually active women beyond the age of 50 are lacking in popular culture and in particular on television. Dominant sexual scripts depict older women as generally asexual. The television program Hot in Cleveland features unpartnered midlife and older women as main characters. In this article, based on analysis of four seasons of Hot in Cleveland, we look closely at portrayals of sexual activity to see whether they underscore dominant sexual scripts mocking older women's sexual interest, position aging as sexual decline, or reinforce the narrative of "successful" aging/aging as progress...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616817/-the-four-dimensions-for-positive-aging-the-multifarious-resources-of-elderly-people
#4
Henning Wormstall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585578/comparison-of-position-related-changes-on-uroflowmetric-parameters-in-healthy-young-men
#5
Rehan Nasir Khan, Syed Zafar Zaidi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean difference in maximum urine flow rate and post-void residual urine volume in sitting as well as standing voiding position in healthy males. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Urology, Indus Hospital, Karachi, from October 2013 to March 2014, and comprised healthy volunteers enrolled using non-probability, consecutive sampling technique. Each volunteer was asked to perform uroflowmetry in sitting and standing positions on two separate days, and a post-void residual volume was assessed after each test...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584939/severity-of-desaturation-events-differs-between-hypopnea-and-obstructive-apnea-events-and-is-modulated-by-their-duration-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
Antti Kulkas, Brett Duce, Timo Leppänen, Craig Hukins, Juha Töyräs
PURPOSE: Frequency of apnea and hypopnea events is used to estimate the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, comprehensive information on whether apneas and hypopneas cause an equal biological effect is not available. The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the effect of the breathing cessation event type (i.e., obstructive apnea or hypopnea) and duration on the severity of related SpO2 desaturation events. METHODS: Type 1 polysomnographies of 395 patients (220 males and 175 females) examined for suspected OSA were analyzed...
June 6, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559836/unilateral-posterior-polymorphous-corneal-dystrophy-presented-as-anisometropic-astigmatism-3-case-reports
#7
Hyun Sun Jeon, Joon Young Hyon
BACKGROUND: Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD) is typically considered bilateral and asymptomatic. However, few case reports on patients with unilateral PPCD with asymmetric refractive error have mentioned anisometropic amblyopia development. In support of this, we report 3 cases of unilateral PPCD that presented as anisometropic astigmatism. Visual prognosis related to amblyopia development is discussed. CASE PRESENTATION: All 3 patients had a band lesion in the affected eye and a difference of at least 1...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538039/association-of-physical-activity-and-sitting-time-with-incident-colorectal-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women
#8
Anna M Gorczyca, Charles B Eaton, Michael J LaMonte, David O Garcia, Jeanne D Johnston, Ka He, Aurelian Bidulescu, Deborah Goodman, Erik Groessl, Dorothy Lane, Marcia L Stefanick, Polly Newcomb, Charles Mouton, Andrea K Chomistek
Findings from epidemiological studies have found that physical activity (PA) is associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Recent studies have found an increased CRC risk with higher sitting time (ST); however, many studies did not include PA as a potential confounder. The objective of this project was to investigate the independent and combined associations of ST and PA with the risk of incident CRC, specifically colon and rectal cancer. Participants in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (n=74 870), 50-79 years of age self-reported ST and PA at baseline, years 3 and 6...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463039/anti-ss-a-ro-antibody-positivity-as-a-risk-factor-for-relapse-in-patients-with-polymyositis-dermatomyositis
#9
Noriko Tatebe, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Katsue Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to elucidate predictors of relapse in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM). METHODS: Fifty PM/DM patients who achieved disease stabilization at Okayama University Hospital in 2004-2014 were enrolled retrospectively. Candidate predictors such as demographic factors, clinical symptoms, laboratory data, and treatment status were compared. RESULTS: The mean age of enrolled patients was 58 years; 34 were female...
May 2, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413993/efficacy-of-sofosbuvir-plus-ribavirin-with-or-without-peginterferon-alfa-in-treatment-of-a-cohort-of-egyptian-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#10
Ossama Ashraf Ahmed, Hany Haroun Kaisar, Nehad Hawash, Hossam Samir, Sherif Sadek Taha Shabana, Mohamed Hassan Ahmed Fouad, Fatma Rizk, Sherief Abd-Elsalam
Background &Aims: Sofosbuvir is a powerful drug for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In comparison to preceding remedies, sofosbuvir-based regimens provide a higher cure rate, fewer side effects, and much lower duration of treatment. The aim of the work was to assess the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir plus ribavirin with or without peginterferon-alfa in treatment of a cohort of Egyptian patients with hepatitis C virus infection. METHODS: Two hundred treatment naive patients who were HCV-antibody positive and HCV RNA by PCR positive aged more than 18 years were enrolled in the study and patients were classified into two groups: Group I which included 100 patients who received dual therapy with sofosbuvir plus oral weight based ribavirin and Group II which included 100 patients triple therapy with sofosbuvir plus oral weight based ribavirin (as with the dual therapy) and a 180 mcg Peg-INF alpha 2a subcutaneous injection weekly for 12 weeks...
April 17, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411110/impaired-wnt-signaling-and-the-spine-heterozygous-wnt1-mutation-causes-severe-age-related-spinal-pathology
#11
Riikka E Mäkitie, Tuukka Niinimäki, Miika T Nieminen, Camilla Schalin-Jäntti, Jaakko Niinimäki, Outi Mäkitie
BACKGROUND: WNT signaling plays a major role in bone and cartilage metabolism. Impaired WNT/β-catenin signaling leads to early-onset osteoporosis, but specific features in bone and other tissues remain inadequately characterized. We have identified two large Finnish families with early-onset osteoporosis due to a heterozygous WNT1 mutation c.652T>G, p.C218G. This study evaluated the impact of impaired WNT/β-catenin signaling on spinal structures. METHODS: Altogether 18 WNT1 mutation-positive (age range 11-76years, median 49years) and 14 mutation-negative subjects (10-77years, median 43years) underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine...
April 11, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404528/alcohol-and-healthy-ageing-a-challenge-for-alcohol-policy
#12
D Nicholson, F McCormack, P Seaman, K Bell, T Duffy, M Gilhooly
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents findings of a qualitative study of older people's use of alcohol during retirement and identifies ways that an improved understanding of older people's drinking can inform policy approaches to alcohol and active and healthy ageing. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews conducted with a self-selecting sample of retired people. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three geographical locations in the West of Scotland...
July 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385571/aging-mobility-impairments-and-subjective-wellbeing
#13
Vicki A Freedman, Deborah Carr, Jennifer C Cornman, Richard E Lucas
BACKGROUND: Wellbeing is often described as U-shaped over the life course, suggesting an apparent paradox that wellbeing remains high at older ages despite increases in impairments. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESES: We explore associations among age, lower body impairments-one of the most common late-life impairments-and three measures of wellbeing: life satisfaction, emotional wellbeing and somatic wellbeing. We hypothesize that age effects are positive, become stronger once lower body impairments are controlled, and are concentrated among those who have maintained their mobility...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283491/factors-influencing-young-men-s-decision-to-undergo-health-screening-in-malaysia-a-qualitative-study
#14
Chin Hai Teo, Chirk Jenn Ng, Alan White
OBJECTIVES: Uptake of health screening is low in men, particularly among those aged <40 years. This study aimed to explore factors that influence health screening behaviour in younger men. DESIGN: This qualitative study employed an interpretive descriptive approach. Two trained researchers conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) using a semi-structured topic guide, which was developed based on literature review and behavioural theories...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277894/the-influence-of-comorbidities-on-the-aging-males-symptoms-scale-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#15
Jorge Panach-Navarrete, José María Martínez-Jabaloyas
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if certain common age-related comorbidities are related with a positive aging males' symptoms (AMS) test outcome. METHODS: This was a multicentric, transversal, observational study carried out in a male population with erectile dysfunction. Comorbidities and testosterone levels were registered. The relationship between comorbidities, testosterone levels, and the AMS test outcomes was studied using the global score and the sub-scale score components...
March 9, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269108/human-static-postures-analysis-using-empirical-mode-decomposition
#16
Khaled Safi, Emilie Hutin, Samer Mohammed, Inke Marie Albertsen, Eric Delechelle, Yacine Amirat, Mohamad Khalil, Jean-Michel Gracies
The goal of this paper is to analyze the human stability during static postures using stabilometric signals. The effects of subject's visual input, feet position, age and gender are analyzed. Twenty eight healthy subjects have participated in this study. The center of pressure displacements were measured along the Medio-Lateral (ML) and Antero-Posterior (AP) directions. Empirical mode decomposition method is used to decompose the stabilometric signal into several elementary signals called Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMF)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227334/human-static-postures-analysis-using-empirical-mode-decomposition
#17
Khaled Safi, Emilie Hutin, Samer Mohammed, Inke Marie Albertsen, Eric Delechelle, Yacine Amirat, Mohamad Khalil, Jean-Michel Gracies, Khaled Safi, Emilie Hutin, Samer Mohammed, Inke Marie Albertsen, Eric Delechelle, Yacine Amirat, Mohamad Khalil, Jean-Michel Gracies, Eric Delechelle, Mohamad Khalil, Inke Marie Albertsen, Jean-Michel Gracies, Emilie Hutin, Khaled Safi, Yacine Amirat, Samer Mohammed
The goal of this paper is to analyze the human stability during static postures using stabilometric signals. The effects of subject's visual input, feet position, age and gender are analyzed. Twenty eight healthy subjects have participated in this study. The center of pressure displacements were measured along the Medio-Lateral (ML) and Antero-Posterior (AP) directions. Empirical mode decomposition method is used to decompose the stabilometric signal into several elementary signals called Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMF)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222807/validation-of-the-aging-perceptions-questionnaire-short-on-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-turkish-elderly-migrants
#18
Anne Slotman, Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: Aging perceptions have been found to be major contributors to health in old age. To quantitatively explore aging perceptions among elderly Turkish migrants, valid and reliable Turkish-language instruments are needed. The objective of the current study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of the Turkish-language version of the seven-dimension Aging Perceptions Questionnaire Short version (APQ-S) in a sample of community-dwelling elderly Turkish migrants in the Netherlands...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219631/condyle-excursion-angle-articular-eminence-inclination-and-temporomandibular-joint-morphologic-relations-with-disc-displacement
#19
Katharina Alves Rabelo, Saulo Leonardo Sousa Melo, Marianna Guanaes Gomes Torres, Paulo Sérgio F Campos, Patrícia Meira Bento, Daniela Pita de Melo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relations of the condyle excursion angle (CEA) and the morphology and morphometry of the articular eminence to disc displacement (DD) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of symptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRIs of 199 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) were evaluated. Qualitative and quantitative morphologic analyses were performed with tools available in PACS 11.0 (Carestream Health, Inc, Rochester, NY)...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176883/association-of-body-mass-index-with-the-tuberculosis-infection-a-population-based-study-among-17796-adults-in-rural-china
#20
Haoran Zhang, Xiangwei Li, Henan Xin, Hengjing Li, Mufei Li, Wei Lu, Liqiong Bai, Xinhua Wang, Jianmin Liu, Qi Jin, Lei Gao
Body mass index (BMI) has been shown to be associated with host susceptibility to several infections. However, the link between BMI and the risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection has been sparsely studied in China and in worldwide. Based on the baseline survey of a population-based, prospective study in rural China, the association between BMI and TB infection among adults was estimated by means of cross-sectional analysis. TB infection status was tested using QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT), a commercial of interferon-γ release assay (IGRA)...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
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