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"Positive aging"

Lena Spangenberg, Markus Zenger, Heide Glaesmer, Elmar Brähler, Bernhard Strauss
The present study aimed to extend the knowledge regarding dimensionality, socio-demographic correlates and shifts in age stereotypes over the past 15 years using a time-sequential design. In 1996 and 2011, we assessed age stereotypes in two independent samples of the German population aged ≥ 45 years ( N  = 970 in sample 1, N  = 1545 in sample 2). Three scales with six items each were assessed. Two scales cover negative (i.e., rigidity/isolation, burden), and one scale covers positive age stereotypes (wisdom/experience)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Matthew Iasiello, Jonathan Bartholomaeus, Aaron Jarden, Joseph van Agteren
Longevity is a valuable resource for society, as older people are increasingly looking for new ways to contribute after retirement. Their contribution is however dependent upon their physical health, mental health and wellbeing. The potential role that mental health and wellbeing, two separate but interrelated constructs, play often are both under-recognised and insufficiently targeted. Positive ageing is a positive and constructive view of ageing, where older people actively work on maintaining a positive attitude, work towards keeping fit and healthy, and strive to maximize their wellbeing...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Kim Renton, Kathy Young Keefe
The ongoing positive aging trend has resulted in many research studies being conducted to determine the characteristics of aging and what steps we can take to prevent the extrinsic signs of aging. Much of this attention has been focused on the prevention and treatment of facial wrinkles. To treat or prevent facial wrinkles correctly, their causative action first needs to be determined. published very compelling evidence that the development of wrinkles is complex and is caused by more factors than just the combination of poor lifestyle choices...
January 2018: Plastic Surgical Nursing
Becca R Levy, Martin D Slade, Robert H Pietrzak, Luigi Ferrucci
One of the strongest risk factors for dementia is the ε4 variant of the APOE gene. Yet, many who carry it never develop dementia. The current study examined for the first time whether positive age beliefs that are acquired from the culture may reduce the risk of developing dementia among older individuals, including those who are APOE ε4 carriers. The cohort consisted of 4,765 Health and Retirement Study participants who were aged 60 or older and dementia-free at baseline. As predicted, in the total sample those with positive age beliefs at baseline were significantly less likely to develop dementia, after adjusting for relevant covariates...
2018: PloS One
Matthew C Fullen, Darcy Haag Granello
PURPOSE: To understand how demographic variables and depression symptoms relate to the prevalence of wellness, resilience, and age perception within a sample of community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: In all, 200 residents across 12 senior housing sites were surveyed. Research questions included the following: (1) Do group differences exist in wellness, resilience, and age perception based on age, sex, race, education, and depression symptoms? (2) Which profile of variables is most strongly associated with self-rated depression among older adults? METHOD: Multivariate analyses of variance were used to examine group differences...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Kimberley Wilson, Katherine Kortes-Miller, Arne Stinchcombe
Canada is experiencing population aging, and given the heterogeneity of older adults, there is increasing diversity in late life. The purpose of this study was to help fill the research gaps on LGBT aging and end-of-life. Through focus groups, we sought to better understand the lived experience of older LGBT individuals and to examine their concerns associated with end-of-life. Our analysis highlights the idea that identifying as LGBT matters when it comes to aging and end-of-life care. In particular, gender identity and sexual orientation matter when it comes to social connections, in the expectations individuals have for their own care, and in the unique fear related to staying out of the closet and maintaining identity throughout aging and end-of-life...
March 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
John P Begly, Michael S Guss, Theodore S Wolfson, Siddharth A Mahure, Andrew S Rokito, Laith M Jazrawi
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether professional baseball positional players who underwent medial ulnar collateral ligament (MUCL) reconstruction demonstrate decreases in performance on return to competition compared with preoperative performance metrics and their control-matched peers. METHODS: Data for 35 Major League Baseball positional players who underwent MUCL reconstruction during 31 seasons were obtained. Twenty-six players met inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Uzma Zafar, Seema Daud, Qamar Shakoor, Abdul Majeed Chaudhry, Fahad Naser, Mehreen Mushtaq
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to assess medical students' perceptions of their learning environment at Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. METHODS: It was a crosssectional descriptive study conducted at Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. Five hundred and thirty-three students participated in this study. A questionnaire was used as a study tool, comprising of demographic information and the 'Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure' (DREEM) inventory...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Farzin Khorvash, Mohammadreza Yazdani, Shiva Shabani, Aliasghar Soudi
Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a severe challenge for antimicrobial therapy, due to the chromosomal mutations or exhibition of intrinsic resistance to various antimicrobial agents such as most β-lactams. We undertook this study to evaluate the existence of SME, IMP, AIM, and VIM metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) encoding genes among P. aeruginosa strains isolated from Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients in Al-Zahra Hospital in Isfahan, Iran. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective cross-sectional study that was conducted between March 2012 and April 2013, a total of 48 strains of P...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
L Castiglioni, C Schmiedeberg
OBJECTIVES: This article aims at assessing the joint effect of maternal age and education on the risk of having a caesarean delivery. As high maternal education is often associated with lower caesarean-birth rates, but high-educated women tend to postpone motherhood, these effects may offset each other in traditional analyses. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the data from the German Family Panel pairfam. METHODS: The interview-based data refer to 1020 births between 2008 and 2015...
February 2018: Public Health
Manon Marquet, Pierre Missotten, Benoit Dardenne, Stéphane Adam
This study examined whether the effects of stereotype threat on memory and subjective age were moderated by positive age stereotypes and self-perceptions of aging among older adults. Perceived threat as a mechanism underlying these effects was also explored. Results showed that stereotype threat (high vs. low threat) did not affect the dependent variables. Moreover, self-perceptions of aging did not moderate the effect of stereotype threat on the dependent variables. However, for people with more positive age stereotypes, older people under highthreat perceived more threat than people under low threat...
December 8, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
Emerson Keith Bowers, Scott K Sakaluk, Charles F Thompson
Variation in parental age can have important consequences for offspring fitness and the structure of populations and disease transmission. However, our understanding of the effects of parental age on offspring in natural populations is limited. Here, we investigate consequences of parental age for offspring fitness and test for age-assortative mating in a short-lived bird, the house wren ( Troglodytes aedon ). Offspring immunoresponsiveness increased with maternal age and decreased with paternal age, but the strength of these effects varied with the age of one's mate...
June 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
Maamer Slimani, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present systematic review was to profile soccer players' anthropometric, physiological, and physical attributes relative to different competitive levels, playing positions and age groups. METHODS: The systematic search was conducted using different databases and according to the Population/Intervention or Exposure/Comparison/Outcome(s) [PICO] criteria. RESULTS: The present review shows that the somatotype characteristics, percentage (%) of body fat, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), repeatedsprint ability (RSA), running speed, strength, and muscular power of the lower limbs were the most powerful discriminators between male soccer players of different competitive levels, playing positions, and age groups...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Pernilla J Bjerkeli, Shai Mulinari, Sofia Zettermark, Juan Merlo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between sociodemographic factors and pharmacy dispensing of medications for erectile dysfunction (ED) in the general population of middle-aged and elderly men. By considering a number of medical conditions that could promote or contraindicate use of ED medication, the analysis could help capture prescription patterns that might not be explained by medical needs. METHODS: Individual-level pharmacy dispensing data from 2006 for a population-based cohort of 216,148 men aged 45-79 years in the county Scania, Sweden, were analysed...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Nina Eide Hasselberg, Trine Fink Haland, Jørg Saberniak, Pål Haugar Brekke, Knut Erik Berge, Trond Paul Leren, Thor Edvardsen, Kristina Hermann Haugaa
Aims: Lamin A/C (LMNA) mutations cause familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with frequent conduction blocks and arrhythmias. We explored the prevalence, cardiac penetrance, and expressivity of LMNA mutations among familial DCM in Norway. Furthermore, we explored the risk factors and the outcomes in LMNA patients. Methods and results: During 2003-15, genetic testing was performed in patients referred for familial DCM. LMNA genotype-positive subjects were examined by electrocardiography, Holter monitoring, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and echocardiography...
October 31, 2017: European Heart Journal
Derek M Isaacowitz, Kathryn L Ossenfort
Studies of age differences in affective experience tend to report positive age trends. Studies of attentional deployment also tend to find older individuals attending more to positive and less to negative stimuli. However, everyday entertainment choices seem to vary by age more in terms of meaningfulness and value than by valence. Relatively few age differences emerge in the valence of choices made in situation selection tasks, though older adults avoid arousal. Thus, both younger and older adults actively construct mixed emotional environments...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
John V Hegde, Narek Shaverdian, Megan E Daly, Carol Felix, Deborah L Wong, Michael H Rosove, Jordan H Garst, Pin-Chieh Wang, Darlene Veruttipong, Shyam Rao, Ruben C Fragoso, Jonathan W Riess, Michael L Steinberg, Allen M Chen
BACKGROUND: The current study represents a subset analysis of quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes among patients treated on a phase 2 trial of de-escalated chemoradiation for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer. METHODS: Eligibility included newly diagnosed, (American Joint Committee on Cancer, 7th edition) stage III or IV oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, p16 positivity, age ≥ 18 years, and a Zubrod performance status of 0 to 1. Treatment was induction paclitaxel at a dose of 175 mg/m2 and carboplatin at an area under the curve of 6 for 2 cycles followed by response-adapted, dose-reduced radiation of 54 Gy or 60 Gy with weekly concurrent paclitaxel at a dose of 30 mg/m2 ...
February 1, 2018: Cancer
Luo Lu, Shu-Fang Kao
We examined effects of life stress and control beliefs on a constellation of subjective indicators of well-being for older people, including meaning in life, happiness, peace of mind, and positive aging perception. The Chinese cultural background provided the sociocultural milieu for the present study. In a longitudinal study, 301 older Chinese adults completed a questionnaire survey twice, 6 months apart. Regression analyses found that stress caused by major life-changing events (acute) and financial hardship (chronic) were consistent negative predictors of all well-being indicators...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Antonio La Marca, Maria Giulia Minasi, Giovanna Sighinolfi, Pierfrancesco Greco, Cindy Argento, Valentina Grisendi, Francesco Fiorentino, Ermanno Greco
OBJECTIVE: To study the relative role of female age and ovarian reserve, measured through serum antimüllerian hormone (AMH) in determining the rate and number of euploid blastocysts in in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of cycles performed in 2014-2015. SETTING: Tertiary referral IVF center. PATIENT(S): A total of 578 infertile couples undergoing IVF/ICSI and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) analysis...
November 2017: Fertility and Sterility
Minh P Lê, Linda Belarbi, Marie-Laure Chaix, Emmanuel Dulioust, Nadia Mahjoub, Dominique Salmon, Jean-Paul Viard, Claudine Duvivier, Gilles Peytavin, Odile Launay, Jade Ghosn
Background: Sub-optimal penetration of antiretroviral drugs in genital compartments might promote local HIV persistence and increase the risk of HIV transmission. Objectives: To describe the penetration of maraviroc, raltegravir, raltegravir glucuronide and rilpivirine in seminal plasma and cervico-vaginal secretions (CVS) and to assess local antiretroviral efficacy in HIV-1-positive patients. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre study...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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