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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804392/the-impact-of-aging-stereotypes-on-dementia-worry
#1
Joie Molden, Molly Maxfield
Dementia worry, an anxiety-related response to the possibility of developing dementia, represents an important yet underexplored health concern for an aging population. Such a construct is likely impacted by stereotypes concerning aging, including biased associations of aging with inevitable cognitive decline. The present article explores the impact of mixed positive and negative aging stereotype messages on levels of dementia worry. The Fear of Alzheimer's Disease Scale (FADS) was used to measure impact of priming with different proportions of positive and negative aging stereotype words...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803847/psychotic-symptoms-influence-the-development-of-anterior-cingulate-bold-variability-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#2
Daniela Zöller, Maria Carmela Padula, Corrado Sandini, Maude Schneider, Elisa Scariati, Dimitri Van De Ville, Marie Schaer, Stephan Eliez
Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with a broad phenotype of clinical, cognitive and psychiatric features. Due to the very high prevalence of schizophrenia (30-40%), the investigation of psychotic symptoms in the syndrome is promising to reveal biomarkers for the development of psychosis, also in the general population. Since schizophrenia is seen as a disorder of the dynamic interactions between brain networks, we here investigated brain dynamics, assessed by the variability of blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signals, in patients with psychotic symptoms...
August 10, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797323/hepatitis-c-virus-seroprevalence-and-prevalence-of-chronic-infection-in-the-adult-population-in-ireland-a-study-of-residual-sera-april-2014-to-february-2016
#3
Patricia Garvey, Brian O'Grady, Geraldine Franzoni, Maeve Bolger, Katie Irwin Crosby, Jeff Connell, Deirdre Burke, Cillian De Gascun, Lelia Thornton
Robust data on hepatitis C virus (HCV) population prevalence are essential to inform national HCV services. In 2016, we undertook a survey to estimate HCV prevalence among the adult population in Ireland. We used anonymised residual sera available at the National Virus Reference Laboratory. We selected a random sample comprising persons ≥ 18 years with probability proportional to the general population age-sex distribution. Anti-HCV and HCV Ag were determined using the Architect anti-HCV and HCV Ag assays...
July 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792230/exercise-capacity-and-haemodynamic-response-among-12-327-individuals-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-undergoing-treadmill-exercise
#4
Christina Chrysohoou, John Skoumas, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Catherine Liontou, Georgia Vogiatzi, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Stamatios Lerakis, Dimitrios Soulis, Christos Pitsavos, Dimitris Tousoulis
Aims Haemodynamic parameters during and after exercise test seem to have a role in predicting cardiovascular events. We sought to evaluate the potential different responses in exercise capacity, heart rate and blood pressure levels in relation to major cardiovascular disease risk factors, among individuals undergoing exercise tolerance testing. Methods and results Consecutive individuals ( N = 12,327), aged 55 ± 11.8 years, underwent exercise tolerance testing, using the Bruce protocol. Obese participants showed higher values of peak systolic and diastolic blood pressure ( p < 0...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777287/comparison-of-clinical-findings-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis-between-patients-with-and-without-sternocleidomastoid-lesions-as-determined-by-ultrasonography
#5
Mi-Hyang Han, Jin Young Kang, Hyun Jung Do, Hyun Suk Park, Hyun Jin Noh, Yun-Hwa Cho, Dae-Hyun Jang
AIM: To compare clinical findings for patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) between those with and without a sternocleidomastoid (SCM) lesion. METHODS: Medical records of 182 patients with CMT were retrospectively reviewed and the patients were divided into SCM lesion and nonlesion groups by ultrasonographic results. Intrauterine position, age, duration of therapy, rotation/tilting side, and the passive range of motion and angle of the neck were compared...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776634/performance-and-return-to-sport-after-nonoperative-treatment-of-clavicle-fractures-in-national-football-league-players
#6
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Sergio M Navarro, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
Clavicle fractures are often seen in contact sports. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) return-to-sport (RTS) rate of National Football League (NFL) players following nonoperative treatment of clavicle fractures, (2) posttreatment career length and games per season, (3) pre- and posttreatment performance, and (4) posttreatment performance compared with control players matched by position, age, years of experience, and performance. Public records were used to identify NFL players who underwent nonoperative treatment of clavicle fractures...
August 3, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752487/the-demography-of-mental-health-among-mature-adults-in-a-low-income-high-hiv-prevalence-context
#7
Iliana V Kohler, Collin F Payne, Chiwoza Bandawe, Hans-Peter Kohler
Very few studies have investigated mental health in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using data from Malawi, this article provides a first picture of the demography of depression and anxiety (DA) among mature adults (aged 45 or older) in a low-income country with high HIV prevalence. DA are more frequent among women than men, and individuals affected by one are often affected by the other. DA are associated with adverse outcomes, such as poorer nutrition intake and reduced work efforts. DA also increase substantially with age, and mature adults can expect to spend a substantial fraction of their remaining lifetime-for instance, 52 % for a 55-year-old woman-affected by DA...
August 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742993/performance-and-return-to-sport-after-achilles-tendon-repair-in-national-football-league-players
#8
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Stephanie S Gardner, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Pedro E Cosculluela, Kevin E Varner, Joshua D Harris
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon injuries are common in sports, including football. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) return-to-sport rate in National Football League (NFL) players following Achilles tendon repair, (2) postoperative career length and games per season, (3) pre- and postoperative performance, and (4) postoperative performance compared with control players matched by position, age, years of experience, and performance. METHODS: Publicly available records were used to identify NFL players who underwent Achilles tendon repair and matched controls were identified...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732490/positive-ageing-perceptions-among-migrant-turkish-and-native-dutch-older-people-a-matter-of-culture-or-resources
#9
Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: This study examined ethnic differences in ageing perceptions of migrant Turkish and native Dutch elders residing in Rotterdam, and explored whether such differences could be attributed to culture or resources (personal, physical, economic and/or social). METHODS: This study was based on combined data from two research projects focusing on the health and well-being of community-dwelling elderly people in Rotterdam. The first dataset contained data from 994 native Dutch elders aged 70-99 years...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717071/anti-mitochondrial-m2-antibodies-enhance-the-risk-of-supraventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-elevated-hepatobiliary-enzyme-levels
#10
Hiroki Konishi, Koji Fukuzawa, Shumpei Mori, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Kunihiko Kiuchi, Atsushi Suzuki, Yoshihiko Yano, Akihiro Yoshida, Ken-Ichi Hirata
Objective Supraventricular arrhythmias are commonly detected in patients with anti-mitochondrial antibody M2 (AMA-M2)-associated myopathy. However, the prevalence of supraventricular arrhythmias in unselected AMA-M2-positive patients and the impact of AMA-M2 on supraventricular arrhythmias have yet to be fully investigated. Methods We analyzed 384 patients (116 men; age, 60 [48-69] years), who underwent AMA-M2 testing following the detection of elevated hepatobiliary enzymes. Supraventricular arrhythmias involving atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, atrial tachycardia, sick sinus syndrome, and atrial standstill were confirmed by a 12-lead electrocardiogram, 24-hour ambulatory monitoring, and physician-assigned diagnoses within the three years before and two years after the AMA-M2 test...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714783/performance-outcomes-after-hook-of-hamate-fractures-in-major-league-baseball-players
#11
Michael S Guss, John P Begly, Austin J Ramme, David P Taormina, Michael E Rettig, John T Capo
CONTEXT: Major League Baseball (MLB) players are at risk of hook of hamate fractures. There is a paucity of data assessing the effect of a hook of hamate fracture on MLB players' future athletic performance. OBJECTIVE: To determine if MLB players who sustain hook of hamate fractures demonstrate decreased performance upon return to competition when compared with their performance before injury and that of their control-matched peers. DESIGN: Retrospective Case-Control Design...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635315/age-stereotypes-flexible-goal-adjustment-and-well-being-among-chinese-older-adults
#12
Jinfeng Zhang, Yu Nancy Xiaonan, Jianxin Zhang, Mingjie Zhou
Previous studies have examined the independent roles of positive age stereotypes (PAS) and negative age stereotypes (NAS) in successful aging. This study aimed to examine the joint effect of PAS and NAS on the well-being of Chinese older adults, and to further examine whether this effect was moderated by flexible goal adjustment (FGA). Using a cross-sectional design, 279 Chinese older adults (age range 60‒97 years) completed measures related to age stereotypes, FGA, and well-being. The results showed that PAS interacted with NAS to predict well-being...
June 21, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635131/characterization-of-pharyngeal-peristaltic-pressure-variability-during-volitional-swallowing-in-healthy-individuals
#13
G Balasubramanian, T Sharma, M Kern, L Mei, P Sanvanson, R Shaker
BACKGROUND: Recent technological advances incorporated in high resolution manometry have justifiably heightened interest in manometric evaluation of the pharynx. Despite this interest, from both physiologic and clinical perspective there remain a number of unanswered questions regarding the magnitude of variability of pharyngeal pressure phenomena. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterize in healthy individuals the inter-subject and recording-site specific variability of pharyngeal peristaltic pressure phenomena...
June 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632092/unscripted-exploring-representations-of-older-unpartnered-women-s-sexuality
#14
Beth Montemurro, Lisa Chewning
Images of sexually active women beyond the age of 50 are lacking in popular culture and in particular on television. Dominant sexual scripts depict older women as generally asexual. The television program Hot in Cleveland features unpartnered midlife and older women as main characters. In this article, based on analysis of four seasons of Hot in Cleveland, we look closely at portrayals of sexual activity to see whether they underscore dominant sexual scripts mocking older women's sexual interest, position aging as sexual decline, or reinforce the narrative of "successful" aging/aging as progress...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616817/-the-four-dimensions-for-positive-aging-the-multifarious-resources-of-elderly-people
#15
Henning Wormstall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585578/comparison-of-position-related-changes-on-uroflowmetric-parameters-in-healthy-young-men
#16
Rehan Nasir Khan, Syed Zafar Zaidi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean difference in maximum urine flow rate and post-void residual urine volume in sitting as well as standing voiding position in healthy males. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Urology, Indus Hospital, Karachi, from October 2013 to March 2014, and comprised healthy volunteers enrolled using non-probability, consecutive sampling technique. Each volunteer was asked to perform uroflowmetry in sitting and standing positions on two separate days, and a post-void residual volume was assessed after each test...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584939/severity-of-desaturation-events-differs-between-hypopnea-and-obstructive-apnea-events-and-is-modulated-by-their-duration-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Antti Kulkas, Brett Duce, Timo Leppänen, Craig Hukins, Juha Töyräs
PURPOSE: Frequency of apnea and hypopnea events is used to estimate the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, comprehensive information on whether apneas and hypopneas cause an equal biological effect is not available. The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the effect of the breathing cessation event type (i.e., obstructive apnea or hypopnea) and duration on the severity of related SpO2 desaturation events. METHODS: Type 1 polysomnographies of 395 patients (220 males and 175 females) examined for suspected OSA were analyzed...
June 6, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559836/unilateral-posterior-polymorphous-corneal-dystrophy-presented-as-anisometropic-astigmatism-3-case-reports
#18
Hyun Sun Jeon, Joon Young Hyon
BACKGROUND: Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD) is typically considered bilateral and asymptomatic. However, few case reports on patients with unilateral PPCD with asymmetric refractive error have mentioned anisometropic amblyopia development. In support of this, we report 3 cases of unilateral PPCD that presented as anisometropic astigmatism. Visual prognosis related to amblyopia development is discussed. CASE PRESENTATION: All 3 patients had a band lesion in the affected eye and a difference of at least 1...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538039/association-of-physical-activity-and-sitting-time-with-incident-colorectal-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women
#19
Anna M Gorczyca, Charles B Eaton, Michael J LaMonte, David O Garcia, Jeanne D Johnston, Ka He, Aurelian Bidulescu, Deborah Goodman, Erik Groessl, Dorothy Lane, Marcia L Stefanick, Polly Newcomb, Charles Mouton, Andrea K Chomistek
Findings from epidemiological studies have found that physical activity (PA) is associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Recent studies have found an increased CRC risk with higher sitting time (ST); however, many studies did not include PA as a potential confounder. The objective of this project was to investigate the independent and combined associations of ST and PA with the risk of incident CRC, specifically colon and rectal cancer. Participants in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (n=74 870), 50-79 years of age self-reported ST and PA at baseline, years 3 and 6...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463039/anti-ss-a-ro-antibody-positivity-as-a-risk-factor-for-relapse-in-patients-with-polymyositis-dermatomyositis
#20
Noriko Tatebe, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Katsue Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to elucidate predictors of relapse in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM). METHODS: Fifty PM/DM patients who achieved disease stabilization at Okayama University Hospital in 2004-2014 were enrolled retrospectively. Candidate predictors such as demographic factors, clinical symptoms, laboratory data, and treatment status were compared. RESULTS: The mean age of enrolled patients was 58 years; 34 were female...
May 2, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
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