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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043020/secondary-invasion-when-invasion-success-is-contingent-on-other-invaders-altering-the-properties-of-recipient-ecosystems
#1
REVIEW
Luke S O'Loughlin, Peter T Green
Positive interactions between exotic species may increase ecosystem-level impacts and potentially facilitate the entry and spread of other exotic species. Invader-facilitated invasion success-"secondary invasion"-is a key conceptual aspect of the well-known invasional meltdown hypothesis, but remains poorly defined and empirically underexplored. Drawing from heuristic models and published empirical studies, we explore this form of "secondary invasion" and discuss the phenomenon within the recognized conceptual framework of the determinants of invasion success...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989200/man-thou-art-dust-rites-of-passage-in-austere-times
#2
Deirdre M O'Loughlin, Isabelle Szmigin, Morven G McEachern, Belem Barbosa, Kalipso Karantinou, María Eugenia Fernández-Moya
In response to recent calls for further cross-disciplinary research on austerity and a deeper sociological understanding of the impact and aftermath of the economic crisis on individuals and societies, this article builds on extant austerity literature through an exploration of its effects on European men. Informed by theories of liminality and rites of passage, this qualitative investigation examines the experience of austerity from the perspective of 11 men through the three liminal stages of separation, transition and reaggregation and investigates its impact on their identity, responsibilities and expectations...
October 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967773/physical-activity-and-depressive-symptoms-after-breast-cancer-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-relationships
#3
Jennifer Brunet, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Katie E Gunnell, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and depressive symptoms in women after treatment for breast cancer. METHOD: Accelerometer data on MVPA and self-report data on frequency of depressive symptoms were collected five times at ∼ 3-month intervals from women (Mage at Time 1 = 55.01 ± 10.96 years) who had completed treatment for breast cancer 3 months prior to study inception...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946012/reasons-for-quitting-smoking-in-young-adult-cigarette-smokers
#4
Robert J Wellman, Erin K O'Loughlin, Erika N Dugas, Annie Montreuil, Hartley Dutczak, Jennifer O'Loughlin
BACKGROUND: Although most young adult smokers want to quit smoking, few can do so successfully. Increased understanding of reasons to quit in this age group could help tailor interventions, but few studies document reasons to quit in young adults or examine reasons to quit by smoker characteristics. METHODS: In 2011-12, 311 current smokers (age 22-28, M=24.1; 48.9% male, 51.1% female; 50.4% daily smokers) from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens Study completed the Adolescent Reasons for Quitting scale...
September 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930663/the-trem2-apoe-pathway-drives-the-transcriptional-phenotype-of-dysfunctional-microglia-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#5
Susanne Krasemann, Charlotte Madore, Ron Cialic, Caroline Baufeld, Narghes Calcagno, Rachid El Fatimy, Lien Beckers, Elaine O'Loughlin, Yang Xu, Zain Fanek, David J Greco, Scott T Smith, George Tweet, Zachary Humulock, Tobias Zrzavy, Patricia Conde-Sanroman, Mar Gacias, Zhiping Weng, Hao Chen, Emily Tjon, Fargol Mazaheri, Kristin Hartmann, Asaf Madi, Jason D Ulrich, Markus Glatzel, Anna Worthmann, Joerg Heeren, Bogdan Budnik, Cynthia Lemere, Tsuneya Ikezu, Frank L Heppner, Vladimir Litvak, David M Holtzman, Hans Lassmann, Howard L Weiner, Jordi Ochando, Christian Haass, Oleg Butovsky
Microglia play a pivotal role in the maintenance of brain homeostasis but lose homeostatic function during neurodegenerative disorders. We identified a specific apolipoprotein E (APOE)-dependent molecular signature in microglia from models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in microglia surrounding neuritic β-amyloid (Aβ)-plaques in the brains of people with AD. The APOE pathway mediated a switch from a homeostatic to a neurodegenerative microglia phenotype after phagocytosis of apoptotic neurons...
September 19, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927493/review-of-patient-reported-experience-within-patient-centered-medical-homes-insights-for-australian-health-care-homes
#6
Mary O'Loughlin, Jane Mills, Robyn McDermott, Linton Harriss
Understanding patient experience is necessary to advance the patient-centred approach to health service delivery. Australia's primary healthcare model, the 'Health Care Home', is based on the 'Patient-Centered Medical Home' (PCMH) model developed in the United States. Both these models aim to improve patient experience; however, the majority of existing PCMH model evaluations have focussed on funding, management and quality assurance measures. This review investigated the scope of evidence reported by adult patients using a PCMH...
September 20, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873053/c-elegans-avoids-toxin-producing-streptomyces-using-a-seven-transmembrane-domain-chemosensory-receptor
#7
Alan Tran, Angelina Tang, Colleen T O'Loughlin, Anthony Balistreri, Eric Chang, Doris Coto Villa, Joy Li, Aruna Varshney, Vanessa Jimenez, Jacqueline Pyle, Bryan Tsujimoto, Christopher Wellbrook, Christopher Vargas, Alex Duong, Nebat Ali, Sarah Y Matthews, Samantha Levinson, Sarah Woldemariam, Sami Khuri, Martina Bremer, Daryl K Eggers, Noelle L'Etoile, Laura C Miller Conrad, Miri K VanHoven
Predators and prey co-evolve, each maximizing their own fitness, but the effects of predator-prey interactions on cellular and molecular machinery are poorly understood. Here, we study this process using the predator Caenorhabditis elegans and the bacterial prey Streptomyces, which have evolved a powerful defense: the production of nematicides. We demonstrate that upon exposure to Streptomyces at their head or tail, nematodes display an escape response that is mediated by bacterially produced cues. Avoidance requires a predicted G-protein-coupled receptor, SRB-6, which is expressed in five types of amphid and phasmid chemosensory neurons...
September 5, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864351/adaptation-of-a-mr-imaging-protocol-into-a-real-time-clinical-biometric-ultrasound-protocol-for-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-at-risk-for-deep-tissue-injury-a-reliability-study
#8
Jillian M Swaine, Andrew Moe, William Breidahl, Daniel L Bader, Cees W J Oomens, Leanne Lester, Edmond O'Loughlin, Nick Santamaria, Michael C Stacey
BACKGROUND: High strain in soft tissues that overly bony prominences are considered a risk factor for pressure ulcers (PUs) following spinal cord impairment (SCI) and have been computed using Finite Element methods (FEM). The aim of this study was to translate a MRI protocol into ultrasound (US) and determine between-operator reliability of expert sonographers measuring diameter of the inferior curvature of the ischial tuberosity (IT) and the thickness of the overlying soft tissue layers on able-bodied (AB) and SCI using real-time ultrasound...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812518/trust-s-nurse-of-the-year
#9
(no author information available yet)
Nursing student Christina O'Loughlin has had a tram named after her in her home city of Nottingham. The tram bears her name in recognition of her winning Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust's nurse of the year award after a public vote.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810377/self-esteem-moderates-the-associations-between-body-related-self-conscious-emotions-and-depressive-symptoms
#10
Jennifer Brunet, Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
The objectives of this study were to describe the cross-sectional associations between body-related self-conscious emotions and depressive symptoms in young adults and examine self-esteem as a moderator of these associations. Data from a population-based sample of 811 young adults were analyzed using hierarchical multivariate linear regression analysis. Body-related shame ( β = .26) and guilt ( β = .25) were positively related to frequency of depressive symptoms. Self-esteem was negatively related to frequency of depressive symptoms ( β = -...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797618/risk-factors-for-falls-in-community-stroke-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Tianma Xu, Lindy Clemson, Kate O'Loughlin, Natasha A Lannin, Catherine Dean, Gerald Koh
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for falls in community stroke survivors. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search for articles indexed on MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases was conducted. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective studies investigating fall risk factors in community stroke survivors were included. Reviewers in pair independently screened the articles and determined inclusion through consensus...
August 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746880/tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-is-necessary-and-sufficient-for-pharyngeal-arch-artery-angioblast-formation
#12
Maryline Abrial, Noëlle Paffett-Lugassy, Spencer Jeffrey, Daniel Jordan, Evan O'Loughlin, Charles J Frederick, C Geoffrey Burns, Caroline E Burns
The pharyngeal arch arteries (PAAs) are transient embryonic blood vessels that mature into critical segments of the aortic arch and its branches. Although defects in PAA development cause life-threating congenital cardiovascular defects, the molecular mechanisms that orchestrate PAA morphogenesis remain unclear. Through small-molecule screening in zebrafish, we identified TGF-β signaling as indispensable for PAA development. Specifically, chemical inhibition of the TGF-β type I receptor ALK5 impairs PAA development because nkx2...
July 25, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695469/older-workers-and-caregiving-in-a-global-context
#13
EDITORIAL
Judith Phillips, Kate O'Loughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660153/vascular-diseases-of-the-spleen-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Pearl Princess D Uy, Denise Marie Francisco, Anshu Trivedi, Michael O'Loughlin, George Y Wu
Vascular diseases of the spleen are relatively uncommon in the clinical practice. However, the reported incidence has been progressively increasing, probably due to advances in the imaging modalities used to detect them. This disease condition often presents with non-specific clinical manifestations, but can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This review article aims to provide updated clinical information on the different vascular diseases of the splenic vasculature-splenic vein thrombosis, splenic vein aneurysm, splenic artery aneurysm, splenic arteriovenous fistula, and spontaneous splenorenal shunt-in order to aid clinicians in early diagnosis and management...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635095/age-discrimination-in-the-workplace-the-more-things-change-%C3%A2
#15
Kate O'Loughlin, Hal Kendig, Rafat Hussain, Lisa Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635091/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-treatment-of-older-people
#16
Rafat Hussain, Hal Kendig, Kate O'Loughlin, Lisa Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635086/attitudes-towards-intergenerational-equity-preliminary-australian-evidence
#17
Hal Kendig, Kate O'Loughlin, Rafat Hussain, Lisa Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612171/carer-characteristics-and-health-wellbeing-and-employment-outcomes-of-older-australian-baby-boomers
#18
Kate O'Loughlin, Vanessa Loh, Hal Kendig
Supporting caregivers and enabling continued workforce participation are central strategies in Australia's response to an ageing population, however these strategies have potential disadvantages for carers, particularly women, including reduced workforce participation and retirement income, and poorer health status. This paper explores the nexus between paid work and caregiving for Australia's baby boomer cohort as this group faces unprecedented pressures to manage paid work alongside caring longer and more intensively for family members, including grandchildren...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550900/technique-and-perioperative-management-of-left-pneumonectomy-in-neonatal-piglets
#19
Duy T Dao, Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Alison A O'Loughlin, Amy Pan, Arthur P Nedder, Dana Bolgen, Charles Jason Smithers, Jill Zalieckas, Craig W Lillehei, Prathima Nandivada, Meredith A Baker, Gillian L Fell, Bennet S Cho, Mark Puder
BACKGROUND: Although commonly performed in adult swine, unilateral pneumonectomy in piglets requires significant modifications in the surgical approach and perioperative care because of their smaller size and limited physiological reserve. METHODS: Nineteen neonatal piglets underwent a left pneumonectomy. They were allowed 5-7 d of preoperative acclimation and nutritional optimization. Preoperative weight gain and laboratory values were obtained before the time of surgery...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516309/assessing-the-process-of-retirement-a-cross-cultural-review-of-available-measures
#20
Julia C Rafalski, Jack H Noone, Kate O'Loughlin, Alexsandro L de Andrade
Retirement research is now expanding beyond the post-World War II baby boomers' retirement attitudes and plans to include the nature of their workforce exit and how successfully they adjust to their new life. These elements are collectively known as the process of retirement. However, there is insufficient research in developing countries to inform the management of their ageing populations regarding this process. This review aims to facilitate national and cross-cultural research in developing and non-English speaking countries by reviewing the existing measures of the retirement process published in English and Portuguese...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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