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academic radiology

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Purpose: Radiology represents a highly relevant part of undergraduate medical education from preclinical studies to subinternship training. It is therefore important to establish a content base for teaching radiology in German Medical Faculties. Materials and Methods: The German Society of Radiology (DRG) developed a model curriculum for radiological teaching at German medical universities, which is presented in this article. There is also a European model curriculum for undergraduate teaching (U-level curriculum of the European Society of Radiology)...
November 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Jose F Condado, Vasilis Babaliaros, Travis S Henry, Brian Kaebnick, Dennis Kim, Gerald W Staton
BACKGROUND: The best treatment of patients with external pulmonary vascular compression due to advanced sarcoidosis is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To report a single-center experience of percutaneous treatment for pulmonary vascular stenosis caused by external compression due to advanced sarcoidosis. METHODS: We report a case series of 5 patients with biopsy confirmed advanced sarcoidosis, seen at our academic institution with worsening dyspnea despite increase of immunosuppressive therapy...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Christopher Lee, Phillip L Guichet, Fereidoun Abtin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the current practice patterns of radiologists performing percutaneous lung biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a web-based survey sent to the Society of Thoracic Radiology membership from August to October 2015. Responses were collected anonymously, and results were tallied. RESULTS: A total of 244 Society of Thoracic Radiology members responded to the survey. One hundred thirty-seven radiologists regularly perform percutaneous lung biopsies, of whom 102 (74%) practice at an academic teaching hospital...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
John V Thomas, Rupan Sanyal, Janis P O'Malley, Satinder P Singh, Desiree E Morgan, Cheri L Canon
The academic educator's portfolio is a collection of materials that document academic performance and achievements, supplementing the curriculum vitae, in order to showcase a faculty member's most significant accomplishments. A decade ago, a survey of medical schools revealed frustration in the nonuniform methods of measuring faculty's medical education productivity. A proposed solution was the use of an academic educator's portfolio. In the academic medical community, compiling an academic portfolio is always a challenge because teaching has never been confined to the traditional classroom setting and often involves active participation of the medical student, resident, or fellow in the ongoing care of the patient...
October 11, 2016: Academic Radiology
Johanna M Meulepas, Anne M J B Smets, Rutger A J Nievelstein, Patrycja Gradowska, Jonathan Verbeke, Herma C Holscher, Matthieu J C M Rutten, Mariëtte Kieft, Cécile M Ronckers, Michael Hauptmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends and patterns in CT usage among children (aged 0-17 years) in The Netherlands during the period 1990-2012. METHODS: Lists of electronically archived paediatric CT scans were requested from the Radiology Information Systems (RIS) of Dutch hospitals which reported >10 paediatric CT scans annually in a survey conducted in 2010. Data included patient identification, birth date, gender, scan date and body part scanned. For non-participating hospitals and for years prior to electronic archiving in some participating hospitals, data were imputed by calendar year and hospital type (academic, general with <500 beds, general with ≥ 500 beds)...
October 5, 2016: European Radiology
Navin L Kumar, Aaron J Cohen, Jennifer Nayor, Brian L Claggett, John R Saltzman
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines advise that upper endoscopy be performed within 24 hours of presentation in patients with acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). However, the role of urgent endoscopy (< 12 hours) is controversial. AIM: Our aim was to assess whether patients admitted with acute nonvariceal UGIB with lower-risk versus high-risk bleeding have different outcomes with urgent compared with non-urgent endoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of patients admitted to an academic hospital with nonvariceal UGIB...
September 29, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Mougnyan Cox, David Hansberry, Rashmi Balasubramanya, Zhengteng Li, Ashish Gandhe, Santosh Selvarajan, Pranshu Sharma
Interest in emergency radiology as a distinct subspecialty within radiology continues to rise in the USA and globally. While acute care imaging has been performed since the earliest days of the specialty, fellowship training in emergency radiology is a relatively new phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to examine the current status of emergency radiology training in the USA, using data derived from the official websites of US residency training programs. The most current list of radiology residency programs participating in the 2017 match was obtained from the official Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) website...
September 28, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Andrew B Rosenkrantz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to compare radiologists', referring physicians', and patients' interpretations of expressions within radiology reports to describe findings of likely low clinical significance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Surveys were completed by abdominal radiologists (n = 13), physicians referring patients for abdominal CT (n = 59), and outpatients awaiting imaging (n = 51) at a large urban academic medical center. Surveys presented 10 expressions for describing an incidental 5-mm liver lesion and asked respondents to select from a list of choices their perceived likelihood that the lesion represented malignancy...
September 22, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
John P Leonetti, Sam J Marzo, Douglas A Anderson, Joshua M Sappington
We conducted a retrospective review to assess the clinical presentation of patients with tumor-related nonacute complete peripheral facial weakness or an incomplete partial facial paresis and to provide an algorithm for the evaluation and management of these patients. Our study population was made up of 221 patients-131 females and 90 males, aged 14 to 79 years (mean: 49.7)-who had been referred to the Facial Nerve Disorders Clinic at our tertiary care academic medical center over a 23-year period with a documented neoplastic cause of facial paralysis...
September 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Michael L Francavilla, Elizabeth Kagan Arleo, Edward I Bluth, Christopher M Straus, Sravanthi Reddy, Michael P Recht
OBJECTIVE: The number of 4th-year medical student applications to the field of diagnostic radiology has decreased from 2009-2015. The purpose of this study was to learn how radiology departments are recruiting medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online survey hyperlink was distributed to the members of the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiology Departments regarding both innovative and proven recruitment strategies. The results were synthesized with a recently published survey of medical students about factors influencing them to go into radiology...
September 22, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Mariaelena Occhipinti, Benedikt H Heidinger, Christina Pfannenberg, Reginald F Munden, Ronald L Eisenberg, Alexander A Bankier
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact that a clinical history of an oncologic disease may have on the management decisions for incidentally detected lung nodules on chest computed tomographic (CT) examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to all 796 members of the Society of Thoracic Radiology regarding criteria for the management of incidentally detected lung nodules in oncologic patients, as well as recommendations for nodule follow-up...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Daniel J Kim, Richard L Byyny, Cliff A Rice, Jeff P Faragher, Kristen E Nordenholz, Jason S Haukoos, Michael M Liao, John L Kendall
BACKGROUND: The current literature suggests that emergency physician (EP)-performed limited compression ultrasound (LCUS) is a rapid and accurate test for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of LCUS for the diagnosis of DVT when performed by a large heterogeneous group of EPs. METHODS: This was a prospective diagnostic test assessment of LCUS conducted at two urban academic emergency departments...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nicholas Fulton, Ji Buethe, Jayakrishna Gollamudi, Mark Robbin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether simulation-based training can improve resident performance in ultrasound-guided biopsy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty radiology residents from a single academic institution enrolled in the study. Each resident performed an initial biopsy on an abdominal imaging phantom using direct ultrasound guidance. Twenty of the residents underwent a 30-minute training session with the phantom device, and 20 residents received no additional training...
September 9, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Shannon E Fogh, Christopher H Pope, Seth A Rosenthal, Patrick D Conway, Peter R Hulick, Jennifer L Johnson, Tariq A Mian, Indra J Das, Ann Lazar, Nikhil G Thaker, Brian T Monzon
PURPOSE: The American College of Radiology (ACR) Radiation Oncology Practice Accreditation (ROPA) program has accredited more than 600 sites since 2006, including practices within academic, hospital-based, and freestanding settings. The purpose of this report is to evaluate and compare patterns of change in common deficiencies over time. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The ACR database was queried to analyze the common deficiencies noted by the ACR ROPA program between 2012 and 2014...
September 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Rebecca Zener, Daniele Wiseman
PURPOSE: The study sought to assess how academic interventional radiologists determine and disclose to patients the intraprocedural role of radiology residents in the interventional radiology (IR) suite. METHODS: A qualitative study consisting of in-person interviews with 9 academic interventional radiologists from 3 hospitals was conducted. Interviews were transcribed, and underwent modified thematic analysis. RESULTS: Seven themes emerged...
August 31, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
Kavita Dedhia, Yue-Fang Chang, Rachel Leonardis, David H Chi
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with the passage of coins. To determine the need for repeat preoperative chest x-ray (CXR) for esophageal coin foreign body. SETTING: Academic tertiary care center. DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patient information was retrieved from an Institutional Review Board-approved database. We identified 1359 children with esophageal coin foreign bodies from 2001 to 2013...
August 30, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Yoshimi Anzai, Carolyn C Meltzer, Kristen K DeStigter, Stamatia Destounis, Barbara K Pawley, M Elizabeth Oates
Radiology is undeniably male dominated. Alongside surgery and orthopedic surgery, academic radiology ranks near the bottom in having the lowest proportion of full-time female faculty members. Despite many efforts to recruit talented women, the pipeline entering the radiologic disciplines continues to flow at a trickle. One factor is the relative lack of role models for female medical students. Entrepreneurial women in radiology can lead the field with their innovation and creativity, courage, and commitment...
August 25, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Mikhail C S S Higgins, Wei-Ting Hwang, Chase Richard, Christina H Chapman, Angelique Laporte, Stefan Both, Charles R Thomas, Curtiland Deville
PURPOSE: To assess the United States interventional radiology (IR) academic physician workforce diversity and comparative specialties. METHODS: Public registries were used to assess demographic differences among 2012 IR faculty and fellows, diagnostic radiology (DR) faculty and residents, DR subspecialty fellows (pediatric, abdominal, neuroradiology, and musculoskeletal), vascular surgery and interventional cardiology trainees, and 2010 US medical school graduates and US Census using binomial tests with ...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Eric J Keller, Robert L Vogelzang, Benjamin H Freed, James C Carr, Jeremy D Collins
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement efforts in cardiovascular imaging have been challenged by limited adoption of initiatives and policies. In order to better understand this limitation and inform future efforts, the range clinical values related to cardiovascular imaging at a large academic hospital was characterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 15 Northwestern Medicine physicians from internal medicine, cardiology, emergency medicine, cardiac/vascular surgery, and radiology were interviewed about their use of cardiovascular imaging and imaging guidelines...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Scott D Daffner, Jonathan M Karnes, Colleen M Watkins
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the referral rate for long-term osteoporosis management following vertebral compression fracture treated by different specialties at a single academic institution. METHODS: Patients undergoing vertebral cement augmentation for painful osteoporotic compression fractures from 2009 to 2014 were identified. Medical records were reviewed to determine if the treating surgeon discussed and/or referred the patient for long-term osteoporosis management...
September 2016: Global Spine Journal
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