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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146418/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-extended-focused-abdominal-sonography-for-trauma-e-fast-performed-by-emergency-physicians-compared-to-computed-tomography
#1
Haldun Akoglu, Omer Faruk Celik, Ali Celik, Rabia Ergelen, Ozge Onur, Arzu Denizbasi
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic accuracy of the FAST exam performed by EM residents were shown to be similar to radiology residents. However, in the last 2 decades, an extended-FAST (E-FAST) protocol including thoracic examination to exclude pneumo- and hemothorax was introduced. The accuracy of emergency physicians (EPs) while performing E-FAST is a less studied area, especially in Europe. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the E-FAST exam performed by EM residents with the results of CT scan as a gold standard...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144164/correlation-between-obesity-and-fat-infiltrated-axillary-lymph-nodes-visualized-on-mammography
#2
Roberta Maria M diFlorio Alexander, Steffen J Haider, Todd MacKenzie, Martha E Goodrich, Julie Weiss, Tracy Onega
OBJECTIVE: Using screening mammography, this study investigated the association between obesity and axillary lymph node (LN) size and morphology. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 188 women who underwent screening mammography at an academic medical center. Length and width of the LN and hilum were measured in the largest, mammographically visible axillary node. The hilo-cortical ratio (HCR) was calculated as the hilar width divided by the cortical width...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129347/international-society-for-the-study-of-vascular-anomalies-classification-of-soft-tissue-vascular-anomalies-survey-based-assessment-of-musculoskeletal-radiologists-use-in-clinical-practice
#3
Shivani Ahlawat, Laura M Fayad, Daniel J Durand, Kate Puttgen, Aylin Tekes
AIM: There is controversy regarding the diagnosis and classification of vascular anomalies (VA). As torso and extremities are the second most common body part for presentation of VAs, musculoskeletal (MSK) radiologists play a central role in VA classification. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the awareness and clinical use of the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification by MSK radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Web-based survey was designed and electronically sent to Society of Skeletal Radiology (SSR) members, with 3 questions on demographics and 7 questions on ISSVA classification use and knowledge...
October 16, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126705/recipe-for-a-successful-hybrid-academic-community-radiology-practice-canadian-experience
#4
Kaela L Gusenbauer, Michael N Patlas, Ania Z Kielar, Douglas S Katz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122472/can-radiologists-learn-from-airport-baggage-screening-a-survey-about-using-fictional-patients-for-quality-assurance
#5
Andrew Phelps, Andrew L Callen, Peter Marcovici, David M Naeger, John Mongan, Emily M Webb
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: For both airport baggage screeners and radiologists, low target prevalence is associated with low detection rate, a phenomenon known as "prevalence effect." In airport baggage screening, the target prevalence is artificially increased with fictional weapons that are digitally superimposed on real baggage. This strategy improves the detection rate of real weapons and also allows airport supervisors to monitor screener performance. A similar strategy using fictional patients could be applied in radiology...
November 6, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122394/scientific-notebook-software-applications-for-academic-radiology
#6
Michael L Richardson, Behrang Amini
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this article is to introduce the concept of scientific notebook software, and to illustrate how it can be used to document a research project, to perform image analysis and to create interactive teaching tools. METHODS: We describe the installation of scientific notebook software known as Project Jupyter, which is free, open-source and available for the Macintosh, Windows and Linux operating systems. RESULTS: We have created 2 scientific notebooks that demonstrate applications germane to radiologists, particularly those in academic radiology...
September 18, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101462/the-validity-of-arterial-measurements-in-a-south-african-embalmed-body-population
#7
Marelize Schoeman, Albert van Schoor, Farhana Suleman, Liebie Louw, Peet du Toit
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of the normal arterial diameter at a given anatomical point is the first step toward quantifying the severity of cardiovascular diseases. According to several studies, parameters such as weight, height, age and sex can explain morphometric variations in arterial anatomy that are observed in a population. Before the development of a reference database against which to compare the diameters of arteries in a variety of pathological conditions, the compatibility between embalmed body measurements and computed tomography (CT) measurements must first be established...
November 3, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100884/physician-knowledge-of-radiation-exposure-and-risk-in-medical-imaging
#8
Jason B Hobbs, Noah Goldstein, Kimberly E Lind, Deirdre Elder, Gerald D Dodd, James P Borgstede
PURPOSE: Medical imaging is an increasingly important source of radiation exposure for the general population, and there are risks associated with such exposure; however, recent studies have demonstrated poor understanding of medical radiation among various groups of health care providers. This study had two aims: (1) analyze physicians' knowledge of radiation exposure and risk in diagnostic imaging across multiple specialties and levels of training, and (2) assess the effectiveness of a brief educational presentation on improving physicians' knowledge...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100883/citation-impact-of-collaboration-in%C3%A2-radiology-research
#9
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Ujas Parikh, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: Team science involving multidisciplinary and multi-institutional collaboration is increasingly recognized as a means of strengthening the quality of scientific research. The aim of this study was to assess associations between various forms of collaboration and the citation impact of published radiology research. METHODS: In 2010, 876 original research articles published in Academic Radiology, the American Journal of Roentgenology, JACR, and Radiology were identified with at least one radiology-affiliated author...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090999/gender-differences-in-the-publication-rate-among-breast-imaging-radiologists-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#10
Kiran Khurshid, Samad Shah, Maryam Ahmadi, Sabeena Jalal, Ruth Carlos, Savvas Nicolaou, Faisal Khosa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether academic achievement differs by gender among breast imaging radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the gender disparity in academic breast radiology using several parameters, including the h-index, the number of publications, and the number of citations. We also inspected gender disparity in academic ranks and leadership ranks. RESULTS: The research productivity of female breast imagers was found to be significantly lower than that of male colleagues across all academic ranks (p < 0...
November 1, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079117/the-value-of-medical-student-radiology-education-a-comparison-of-1-week-2-week-electives-and-compulsories
#11
Sornsupha Limchareon, Sutasinee Kongprompsuk
BACKGROUND: Basic radiology interpretive skill is essential for all physicians. We developed a vertical type of radiology education, including basic radiology in the students' first clinical year and added the other 1-week or 2-week dedicated radiology rotation in the later clinical year. The objective of this study was to present a valuable radiology education to undergraduate medical students. METHODS: At academic year 2014-2015, there were three different groups of the clinical-year students took a radiology rotation...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068818/simulation-based-mastery-learning-for-thoracentesis-skills-improves-patient-outcomes-a-randomized-trial
#12
Jeffrey H Barsuk, Elaine R Cohen, Mark V Williams, Jordan Scher, Sasha F Jones, Joe Feinglass, William C McGaghie, Kelly O'Hara, Diane B Wayne
PURPOSE: Physicians-in-training often perform bedside thoracenteses in academic medical centers, and complications are more common among less experienced clinicians. Simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) is one potential solution to this problem. This study evaluated the effects of a randomized trial of thoracentesis SBML on patient complications: iatrogenic pneumothorax (IP), hemothorax, and reexpansion pulmonary edema (REPE). METHOD: The authors randomized internal medicine residents to undergo thoracentesis SBML at a tertiary care academic center from December 2012 to May 2016...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067140/influence-of-internal-organ-pathology-on-vascular-permeability-of-related-skin-zones-an-attempt-to-visualize-organ-projection-areas
#13
Jan Z Szopiński, Victor Mngomezulu
Objective: Pathology of an internal organ/body part changes electrical features of the corresponding skin areas-organ projection areas (OPAs)-which are often identified with traditional acupuncture points/zones. Once the resistance "breakthrough effect" has been induced in these specific skin areas, rectification of applied electrical currents (a diode phenomenon) occurs. In addition, increased impedance can be observed. It is presumed that these skin bioelectrical phenomena are the result of increased local capillary permeability with extravasation of blood-plasma albumins...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057778/survey-of-careers-and-achievements-on-delegates-in-jsrt-international-delegation-projects
#14
Masato Kobayashi, Rie Tanaka, Kosuke Matsubara, Shigeaki Morioka, Katsumi Tsujioka, Hidetaka Arimura, Katsuhiko Ueda, Akio Ogura, Tosiaki Miyati
Japanese society of radiological technology (JSRT) categorizes three international delegation projects; short-term studying abroad program (STSAP), international academic society visit program (overseas) (IASVP), and international internship visit program (Stanford University) (IIVP) for driving globalization of JSRT. In this survey, we conducted a questionnaire evaluating effectiveness of the international delegations. The survey covered 50 delegates of STSAP, 180 delegates of IASVP, and 100 delegates of IIVP...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056400/social-media-utilization-at-an-academic-radiology-practice
#15
Nicholas A Koontz, Aaron P Kamer, Sean C Dodson, Alisha E Capps, Courtney M Tomblinson, Brandon P Brown, Mark S Frank, Darel E Heitkamp
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We report social media (SoMe) utilization trends at an academic radiology department, highlighting differences between trainees and faculty and between Baby Boomers versus Generation X and Millennials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online survey regarding SoMe utilization and SoMe-based educational curriculum was distributed to all radiologists (trainees and faculty) in our department. Regular chi-square, ordered (Mantel-Haenszel) chi-square, and Fischer exact tests were performed...
October 19, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032882/adapting-a-computerized-medical-dictation-system-to-prepare-academic-papers-in-radiology
#16
Yadiel Sánchez, Anand M Prabhakar, Raul N Uppot
Everyday radiologists use dictation software to compose clinical reports of imaging findings. The dictation software is tailored for medical use and to the speech pattern of each radiologist. Over the past 10 years we have used dictation software to compose academic manuscripts, correspondence letters, and texts of educational exhibits. The advantages of using voice dictation is faster composition of manuscripts. However, use of such software requires preparation. The purpose of this article is to review the steps of adapting a clinical dictation software for dictating academic manuscripts and detail the advantages and limitations of this technique...
September 14, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965892/knowledge-of-nosocomial-infection-control-practices-among-radiographers-in-jordan
#17
M A Abdelrahman, M Alhasan, H Alewaidat, M A Rawashdeh, D S Al Mousa, K A Almhdawi
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial infections add health-related and financial burdens on health systems. This study aims to evaluate the radiographers' knowledge of nosocomial infection control practices in Jordan. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based assessment was conducted. The main domains of the knowledge based test were the nature of nosocomial infections, standard precautions, and infection control practices specific to the radiology department. Comparison of knowledge among radiographers was assessed using the Student t-test and ANOVA...
November 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964688/administering-blood-products-before-selected-interventional-radiology-procedures-developing-applying-and-monitoring-a-standardized-protocol
#18
Nam S Hoang, Nishita Kothary, Seema Saharan, Jarrett Rosenberg, Andrew A Tran, Shaughnessy B Brown, David M Hovsepian
PURPOSE: To apply and monitor a single institution's adherence to internally established guidelines for the preoperative administration of platelets and/or fresh frozen plasma (FFP) before a specified subset of minimally invasive interventional radiology (IR) procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Beginning in December 2008, we implemented a set of restrictive guidelines for preoperative platelet and/or FFP administration before IR procedures at a single academic hospital...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942776/clinician-perspectives-on-the-management-of-abnormal-subcritical-tests-in-an-urban-academic-safety-net-health-care-system
#19
Cassidy Clarity, Urmimala Sarkar, Jonathan Lee, Margaret A Handley, L Elizabeth Goldman
BACKGROUND: Missed or delayed follow-up of abnormal subcritical tests (tests that do not require immediate medical attention) can lead to poor patient outcomes. Safety-net health systems with limited resources and socially complex patients are vulnerable to safety gaps resulting from delayed management. Clinician perspectives to identify system challenges, vulnerable situations, and potential solutions were sought in focus groups. METHODS: Five semistructured focus groups were conducted in 2015 with purposefully sampled clinicians from radiology, hospital medicine, emergency medicine, risk management, and ambulatory care from an urban, academic, integrated, safety-net health system...
October 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938234/is-early-total-care-a-safe-and-effective-alternative-to-staged-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-schatzker-iv-vi-tibial-plateau-fractures-in-patients-older-than-50-years
#20
Amrut Borade, Harish Kempegowda, Raveesh Richard, Jove Graham, Michael Suk, Daniel S Horwitz
OBJECTIVES: To compare "Early Total Care" (ETC) with "Staged Protocol" (SP) for the treatment of Schatzker IV-VI tibial plateau fractures in patients older than 50 years regarding safety and effectiveness. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: An academic level 1 US trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-one patients older than 50 years with Schatzker grade IV-VI tibial plateau fractures were included. INTERVENTION: Fifty-three patients were treated under SP with immediate external fixation followed by definitive internal fixation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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