keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bwl

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414064/obesity-in-coronary-heart-disease-an-unaddressed-behavioral-risk-factor
#1
Philip A Ades, Patrick D Savage
Obesity is an independent risk factor for the development and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD). Over 80% of patients with CHD are overweight or obese. While obesity is often considered a relatively "minor" CHD risk factor, weight loss is a broadly effective risk-factor intervention. Weight loss can profoundly influence a number of "major" risk factors including: hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes mellitus. Despite its prominence as a risk factor most cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs do not have a specific, targeted intervention to assist patients with weight loss...
April 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367435/effect-of-underlying-renal-disease-on-nutritional-and-metabolic-profile-of-older-adults-with-reduced-renal-function
#2
Silvia Lai, Maria Ida Amabile, Silvia Altieri, Daniela Mastroluca, Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Crudo, Anna Rita D'Angelo, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Alessio Molfino
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a common condition in the general population, particularly among older adults. Renal impairment is in turn associated with metabolic and nutritional derangements and with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: To compare the metabolic, nutritional, and cardiovascular impact of reduced kidney function between patients with and without known renal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled consecutive outpatients (age ≥65 years) with reduced renal function who were divided into two groups: Group A with history of renal disease and Group B with unknown renal disease...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315419/identifying-the-mechanisms-through-which-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-improves-food-decision-making-in-obesity
#3
Kathryn E Demos, Jeanne M McCaffery, J Graham Thomas, Kimberly A Mailloux, Todd A Hare, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs are the recommended treatment for obesity, yet it is unknown whether these programs change one's ability to use self-control in food choices and what specific mechanisms support such change. Using experimental economics methods, we investigated whether changes in dietary behavior in individuals with obesity following BWL are driven by one or more of the following potential mechanisms: changes in the perception of the 1) health or 2) taste of food items, and/or 3) shifting decision weights for health versus taste attributes...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257940/not-so-fast-the-impact-of-impulsivity-on-weight-loss-varies-by-treatment-type
#4
Stephanie M Manasse, Daniel Flack, Cara Dochat, Fengqing Zhang, Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman
Behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatments result in suboptimal weight losses for many individuals. Impulsivity appears to be a maintenance factor of obesity, yet few studies have examined impulsivity as a predictor of outcomes from BWL. We examined specific facets of impulsivity (inhibitory control and delay discounting) as moderators of outcome in BWL. Overweight adults (n = 190) were randomized to standard behavioral treatment (SBT) or acceptance-based behavioral treatment (ABT). We hypothesized that impulsivity would be inversely associated with weight loss, and that the association between impulsivity and outcome would be attenuated in the ABT condition...
June 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222970/weight-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-surviving-2-years-after-gastric-cancer-resection
#5
M Climent, M Munarriz, J M Blazeby, D Dorcaratto, J M Ramón, M J Carrera, L Fontane, L Grande, M Pera
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in patients undergoing gastric cancer resection, leading to weight loss, although little is known about how this impacts on health-related quality of life (HRQL). This study aimed to explore the association between HRQL and weight loss in patients 2 years after curative gastric cancer resection. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing curative gastric cancer resection and surviving at least 2 years without disease recurrence were recruited...
February 9, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176023/postoperative-weight-loss-leads-to-poor-survival-through-poor-s-1-efficacy-in-patients-with-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer
#6
Toru Aoyama, Tsutomu Sato, Yukio Maezawa, Kazuki Kano, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Norio Yukawa, Takashi Oshima, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
AIMS: We previously demonstrated that body weight loss (BWL) at one month after gastrectomy, a common finding after surgery for gastric cancer, was an independent risk factor for the continuation of adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. However, it is unclear whether BWL after gastrectomy leads to poor survival through poor compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. METHODS: We conducted this follow-up study in the same cohort as our previous study. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were examined in 103 patients who underwent curative D2 surgery and were pathologically diagnosed with stage II or III gastric cancer, and who received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 between June 2002 and December 2011...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126015/cognitive-remediation-therapy-plus-behavioural-weight-loss-compared-to-behavioural-weight-loss-alone-for-obesity-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Evelyn Smith, Charlotte Whittingham
BACKGROUND: Current research indicates that obese individuals have cognitive deficits in executive function, leading to difficulties with planning, impulse control and decision-making. High levels of inflammation have been proposed to contribute to executive function deficits in individuals with obesity. METHODS/DESIGN: One hundred and seventy-six obese participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: (1) behavioural weight loss alone (BWL) group = 8 sessions of individual BWL sessions plus 12 group BWL sessions or (2) Cognitive Remediation Therapy for Obesity (CRT-O) plus BWL group (CRT-O + BWL) = 8 sessions of individual CRT-O plus 12 group BWL sessions...
January 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090339/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-improving-recruitment-and-engagement-of-emerging-adults-in-behavioural-weight-loss-programs
#8
J G LaRose, K M Guthrie, A Lanoye, D F Tate, E Robichaud, L J Caccavale, R R Wing
OBJECTIVE: Emerging adults ages 18-25 are at high risk for obesity, but are markedly underrepresented in behavioural weight loss (BWL) programs and experience lower engagement and retention relative to older adults. PURPOSE: To utilize a mixed methods approach to inform future efforts to effectively recruit and engage this high-risk population in BWL programs. METHODS: We used a convergent parallel design in which quantitative and qualitative data were given equal priority...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078458/superiority-of-laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-with-hand-sewn-esophagogastrostomy-over-total-gastrectomy-in-improving-postoperative-body-weight-loss-and-quality-of-life
#9
Tatsuto Nishigori, Hiroshi Okabe, Shigeru Tsunoda, Hisashi Shinohara, Kazutaka Obama, Hisahiro Hosogi, Shigeo Hisamori, Kikuko Miyazaki, Takeo Nakayama, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Proximal gastrectomy is not widely performed because the procedure is complicated, particularly under laparoscopy. We developed a simple laparoscopic technique of hand-sewn esophagogastrostomy with an anti-reflux mechanism. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the postoperative body weight loss (BWL) and quality of life (QOL) following laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) and laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) in patients with upper gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with stage I upper gastric cancer undergoing LPG or LTG at Kyoto University Hospital between March 2006 and June 2014...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909882/lower-depression-scores-associated-with-greater-weight-loss-among-rural-black-women-in-a-behavioral-weight-loss-program
#10
Tiffany L Carson, Bradford E Jackson, Timiya S Nolan, Angela Williams, Monica L Baskin
Depression and stress have been associated with less weight loss among some participants in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs. The purpose of this study was to (1) measure the levels of depression and stress among a sample of black women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi who were participating in a BWL program and (2) examine the association between these psychosocial variables and weight loss outcomes of participants at 6 months. Overweight and obese black women in a BWL program (n = 409) completed validated surveys to measure depression and stress at baseline and 6 months...
December 1, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898935/estimation-of-genetic-parameters-for-traits-associated-with-reproduction-lactation-and-efficiency-in-sows
#11
D M Thekkoot, R A Kemp, M F Rothschild, G S Plastow, J C M Dekkers
Increased milk production due to high litter size, coupled with low feed intake, results in excessive mobilization of sow body reserves during lactation, which can have detrimental effects on future reproductive performance. A possibility to prevent this is to improve sow lactation performance genetically, along with other traits of interest. The aim of this study was to estimate breed-specific genetic parameters (by parity, between parities, and across parities) for traits associated with lactation and reproduction in Yorkshire and Landrace sows...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804228/genetic-and-neural-predictors-of-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-a-preliminary-study
#12
Eunice Y Chen, Thomas M Olino, Chris J Conklin, Feroze B Mohamed, W Scott Hoge, Gary D Foster, Jean M Arlt, Kalina Eneva, Judy R Kidd, Kenneth R Kidd, Michelle R Lent, Susan Murray, Andrew Newberg, Colleen Tewksbury, Stephanie S VanderVeur, Angelina Yiu
OBJECTIVE: To examine neural mechanisms of action in behavioral weight loss treatment (BWL) and explore neural and genetic predictors of BWL. METHODS: Neural activation to milkshake receipt and genetics were compared in 17 women with obesity who received 12 weeks of BWL and 17 women who received no intervention. Participants were scanned twice using functional magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and 12 weeks. Weight was assessed at baseline, 12, 36, and 60 weeks...
January 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138110/a-comparison-of-a-behavioral-weight-loss-program-to-a-stress-management-program-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kelly H Webber, Erin M Casey, Lindsey Mayes, Yuriko Katsumata, Laurel Mellin
OBJECTIVES: This study compared a behavioral weight loss program (BWL) with a stress management-based program, Emotional Brain Training (EBT), on weight loss, blood pressure, depression, perceived stress, diet, and physical activity. METHODS: Subjects with a body mass index (BMI) of >28 and <45 kg/m(2) were recruited in Lexington, Kentucky in January 2014 and randomized to BWL or EBT for a 20-week intervention. Of those recruited, 49 participants were randomized to EBT or BWL...
July 2016: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086316/combining-pharmacological-and-psychological-treatments-for-binge-eating-disorder-current-status-limitations-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Carlos M Grilo, Deborah L Reas, James E Mitchell
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress about binge eating without the extreme compensatory behaviors for weight control that characterize other eating disorders. BED is prevalent, associated strongly with obesity, and is associated with heightened levels of psychological, psychiatric, and medical concerns. This article provides an overview of randomized controlled treatments for combined psychological and pharmacological treatment of BED to inform current clinical practice and future treatment research...
June 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922362/l-theanine-improves-immunity-by-altering-th2-th1-cytokine-balance-brain-neurotransmitters-and-expression-of-phospholipase-c-in-rat-hearts
#15
Chengjian Li, Haiou Tong, Qiongxian Yan, Shaoxun Tang, Xuefeng Han, Wenjun Xiao, Zhiliang Tan
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the regulatory effects of L-theanine on secretion of immune cytokines, hormones, and neurotransmitters, and mRNA expression of phospholipase C (PLC) in rats, and to explore its regulatory mechanism in immune function. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-four Sprague-Dawley rats received daily intragastric infusion of different doses of L-theanine solution [0, 50 (LT), 200 (MT), and 400 (HT) mg/kg BW]. Cytokines, immunoglobulins, and hormones in the serum, neurotransmitters, and mRNA expression of PLC in the relevant tissues were assayed...
February 28, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26865258/dyadic-dynamics-in-a-randomized-weight-loss-intervention
#16
Talea Cornelius, Katelyn Gettens, Amy A Gorin
BACKGROUND: Despite health and economic burdens associated with overweight and obesity, long-term weight loss intervention efforts have been largely unsuccessful. Observations that weight status tends to cluster in social groups, and findings showing "ripple" effects of weight change within social clusters, raise questions about the impact of social relationships on weight loss. PURPOSE: Through a reanalysis of data from a randomized weight loss intervention, this study compared dyadic dynamics in intervention participants and in-home partners...
August 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851044/impact-of-body-weight-loss-on-recurrence-after-curative-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#17
Hidemasa Kubo, Shuhei Komatsu, Daisuke Ichikawa, Tsutomu Kawaguchi, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Kazuma Okamoto, Hirotaka Konishi, Atsushi Shiozaki, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Eigo Otsuji
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess the prognostic role of body weight loss (BWL) after curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed a total of 102 consecutive patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for stage II or III gastric cancer between 2005 and 2011. Postoperative BWL during the first 6 months in patients was calculated from their hospital records. RESULTS: Postoperative BWL was significantly higher in patients with tumours in the upper stomach, total gastrectomy, or subsequent recurrence...
February 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844373/assessment-of-predictive-response-factors-to-intragastric-balloon-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-obesity
#18
Eduardo Madeira, Miguel Madeira, Erika Paniago Guedes, Thiago Thomaz Mafort, Leonardo Vieira Neto, Rodrigo de Oliveira Moreira, Paulo Roberto Alves de Pinho, Agnaldo José Lopes, Maria Lucia Fleiuss Farias
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic that is difficult to control with non-invasive treatments, which usually present poor results. In this context, the intragastric balloon (IGB) is an important tool that presents a mean body weight loss (BWL) estimated at approximately 12%, although individual responses are highly variable. OBJECTIVES: This study assesses whether there are factors that can predict responses to IGB therapy either before or early after placement of the device...
March 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26076603/characterization-of-sodium-carboxymethyl-cellulose-by-comprehensive-two-dimensional-liquid-chromatography
#19
Maria Shakun, Thomas Heinze, Wolfgang Radke
Two series of sodium carboxymethyl celluloses (NaCMC) with average degrees of substitution (DS) ranging from 0.45 to 1.55 were synthesized from low molecular mass Avicel cellulose (Avicel samples) and from high molecular mass cotton linters (BWL samples). The samples were characterized by online two-dimensional liquid chromatography using gradient liquid adsorption chromatography in the first and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) in the second dimension. This method allows the simultaneous determination of the chemical composition (DS) and the molar mass distribution within the individual samples...
October 5, 2015: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25942575/bright-white-light-therapy-in-depression-a-critical-review-of-the-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Björn Mårtensson, Agneta Pettersson, Lars Berglund, Lisa Ekselius
BACKGROUND: Light therapy is an accepted treatment option, at least for seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Our aim was to critically evaluate treatment effects of bright white light (BWL) on the depressive symptoms in both SAD and non-seasonal depression. METHODS: The systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO were searched (December 1974 through June 2014) for randomized controlled trials published in peer-reviewed journals...
August 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
120959
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"