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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035748/body-dissatisfaction-predicts-poor-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-adherence-in-overweight-mexican-american-women
#1
Julia L Austin, Kelsey N Serier, Ruth E Sarafin, Jane Ellen Smith
Poor adherence poses a major barrier to the success of behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs, particularly for overweight Mexican American women. Given the high prevalence and costs of overweight/obesity, factors that contribute to attendance and adherence problems should be identified, especially in ethnic minority populations. The current study examined the role of pre-treatment body dissatisfaction and depression in predicting attendance and adherence in a BWL intervention. Ninety-nine overweight/obese Mexican American women enrolled in the intervention and completed baseline measures...
October 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962602/project-teams-talking-about-eating-activity-and-mutual-support-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-theory-based-weight-loss-program-for-couples
#2
Amy A Gorin, Theodore A Powers, Katelyn Gettens, Talea Cornelius, Richard Koestner, Amy R Mobley, Linda Pescatello, Tania Huedo Medina
BACKGROUND: Obesity risk is shared between spouses, yet existing weight loss programs focus on individuals and not the marital dyad. Given the interdependence of weight in couples, weight management outcomes might be improved by targeting joint weight loss and the creation of an interpersonal milieu that supports long-term behavior change. According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), greater autonomous self-regulation of behaviors, and subsequently better treatment outcomes, are observed in needs supportive environments in which personally meaningful choice is supported and criticism and control are minimized...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707718/bracketed-radioactive-seed-localization-vs-bracketed-wire-localization-in-breast-surgery
#3
Monica Da Silva, Jessica Porembka, Ali A Mokdad, Stephen Seiler, James Huth, Aeisha Rivers, Rachel Wooldridge, Amanda Chu, Emily Brown, Jean Bao, Deborah Farr, Meghan Hansen, Alison Unzeitig-Barron, Marilyn Leitch, Roshni Rao
Multiple localizers placed in a bracketed fashion facilitates excision of radiographically extensive breast lesions. In this study, bracketed radioactive seed localization (bRSL) was compared to bracketed wire localization (bWL). We hypothesized that bRSL would achieve adequate margins and decrease re-operation rates with similar or less specimen volumes (SV) than bWL. Retrospective review identified patients who underwent bracketed breast procedures at an academic medical center. Data collected included patient demographics, tumor features, treatment variables, and surgical outcomes...
July 14, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690558/blue-enriched-white-light-enhances-physiological-arousal-but-not-behavioral-performance-during-simulated-driving-at-early-night
#4
Beatriz Rodríguez-Morilla, Juan A Madrid, Enrique Molina, Angel Correa
Vigilance usually deteriorates over prolonged driving at non-optimal times of day. Exposure to blue-enriched light has shown to enhance arousal, leading to behavioral benefits in some cognitive tasks. However, the cognitive effects of long-wavelength light have been less studied and its effects on driving performance remained to be addressed. We tested the effects of a blue-enriched white light (BWL) and a long-wavelength orange light (OL) vs. a control condition of dim light on subjective, physiological and behavioral measures at 21:45 h...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545783/risk-factors-for-severe-weight-loss-at-1-month-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#5
Kenki Segami, Toru Aoyama, Kazuki Kano, Yukio Maezawa, Tetsushi Nakajima, Kosuke Ikeda, Tsutomu Sato, Hirohito Fujikawa, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Takashi Oshima, Norio Yukawa, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Body weight loss (BWL) is frequently observed in gastric cancer patients who undergo gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The risk factors for severe BWL after gastrectomy remain unclear. METHODS: The present study retrospectively examined patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer between January 2012 and June 2014 at Kanagawa Cancer Center. All patients received perioperative care based on the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol...
May 22, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524643/racial-and-ethnic-minority-enrollment-in-randomized-clinical-trials-of-behavioural-weight-loss-utilizing-technology-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
D L Rosenbaum, A D Piers, L M Schumacher, C A Kase, M L Butryn
Many racial and ethnic minority groups (minorities) are disproportionately affected by overweight and obesity; however, minorities are often under-represented in clinical trials of behavioural weight loss (BWL) treatment, potentially limiting the generalizability of these trials' conclusions. Interventions involving technology may be particularly well suited to overcoming the barriers to minority enrollment in BWL trials, such as demanding or unpredictable work schedules, caregiving responsibilities and travel burdens...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521550/detection-and-evaluation-of-renal-injury-in-burst-wave-lithotripsy-using-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Philip C May, Wayne Kreider, Adam D Maxwell, Yak-Nam Wang, Bryan W Cunitz, Philip M Blomgren, Cynthia D Johnson, Joshua S H Park, Michael R Bailey, Donghoon Lee, Jonathan D Harper, Mathew D Sorensen
PURPOSE: Burst wave lithotripsy (BWL) is a transcutaneous technique with potential to safely and effectively fragment renal stones. Preclinical investigations of BWL require the assessment of potential renal injury. This study evaluates the capabilities of real-time ultrasound and MRI to detect and evaluate BWL injury that was induced in porcine kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten kidneys from five female farm pigs were treated with either a 170 or 335 kHz BWL transducer using variable treatment parameters and monitored in real-time with ultrasound...
August 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455607/effect-of-spineless-cactus-intake-opuntia-ficus-indica-on-blood-glucose-levels-in-lactating-sows-and-its-impact-on-feed-intake-body-weight-loss-and-weaning-estrus-interval
#8
Gerardo Ordaz-Ochoa, Aureliano Juárez-Caratachea, Rosa Elena Pérez-Sánchez, Rafael María Román-Bravo, Ruy Ortiz-Rodríguez
The effect of spineless cactus intake (Opuntia ficus-indica) on blood glucose (BG) levels in lactating sows and its impact on daily and total feed intake (dFI(-1) and TFI, respectively), body weight loss (BWL), and weaning-estrus interval length (WEI) were evaluated. Thirty-four hybrid (Yorkshire × Landrace × Pietrain) sows in lactation phase were used. Sows were divided into two groups: G1 (n = 17) where they received commercial feed and G2 (n = 17) provided with commercial feed plus an average of 2...
June 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414064/obesity-in-coronary-heart-disease-an-unaddressed-behavioral-risk-factor
#9
Philip A Ades, Patrick D Savage
Obesity is an independent risk factor for the development and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD). Over 80% of patients with CHD are overweight or obese. While obesity is often considered a relatively "minor" CHD risk factor, weight loss is a broadly effective risk-factor intervention. Weight loss can profoundly influence a number of "major" risk factors including: hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes mellitus. Despite its prominence as a risk factor most cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs do not have a specific, targeted intervention to assist patients with weight loss...
April 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367435/effect-of-underlying-renal-disease-on-nutritional-and-metabolic-profile-of-older-adults-with-reduced-renal-function
#10
Silvia Lai, Maria Ida Amabile, Silvia Altieri, Daniela Mastroluca, Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Crudo, Anna Rita D'Angelo, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Alessio Molfino
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a common condition in the general population, particularly among older adults. Renal impairment is in turn associated with metabolic and nutritional derangements and with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: To compare the metabolic, nutritional, and cardiovascular impact of reduced kidney function between patients with and without known renal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled consecutive outpatients (age ≥65 years) with reduced renal function who were divided into two groups: Group A with history of renal disease and Group B with unknown renal disease...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315419/identifying-the-mechanisms-through-which-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-improves-food-decision-making-in-obesity
#11
Kathryn E Demos, Jeanne M McCaffery, J Graham Thomas, Kimberly A Mailloux, Todd A Hare, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs are the recommended treatment for obesity, yet it is unknown whether these programs change one's ability to use self-control in food choices and what specific mechanisms support such change. Using experimental economics methods, we investigated whether changes in dietary behavior in individuals with obesity following BWL are driven by one or more of the following potential mechanisms: changes in the perception of the 1) health or 2) taste of food items, and/or 3) shifting decision weights for health versus taste attributes...
July 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257940/not-so-fast-the-impact-of-impulsivity-on-weight-loss-varies-by-treatment-type
#12
Stephanie M Manasse, Daniel Flack, Cara Dochat, Fengqing Zhang, Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman
Behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatments result in suboptimal weight losses for many individuals. Impulsivity appears to be a maintenance factor of obesity, yet few studies have examined impulsivity as a predictor of outcomes from BWL. We examined specific facets of impulsivity (inhibitory control and delay discounting) as moderators of outcome in BWL. Overweight adults (n = 190) were randomized to standard behavioral treatment (SBT) or acceptance-based behavioral treatment (ABT). We hypothesized that impulsivity would be inversely associated with weight loss, and that the association between impulsivity and outcome would be attenuated in the ABT condition...
June 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222970/weight-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-surviving-2-years-after-gastric-cancer-resection
#13
M Climent, M Munarriz, J M Blazeby, D Dorcaratto, J M Ramón, M J Carrera, L Fontane, L Grande, M Pera
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in patients undergoing gastric cancer resection, leading to weight loss, although little is known about how this impacts on health-related quality of life (HRQL). This study aimed to explore the association between HRQL and weight loss in patients 2 years after curative gastric cancer resection. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing curative gastric cancer resection and surviving at least 2 years without disease recurrence were recruited...
July 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176023/postoperative-weight-loss-leads-to-poor-survival-through-poor-s-1-efficacy-in-patients-with-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer
#14
Toru Aoyama, Tsutomu Sato, Yukio Maezawa, Kazuki Kano, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Norio Yukawa, Takashi Oshima, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
AIMS: We previously demonstrated that body weight loss (BWL) at one month after gastrectomy, a common finding after surgery for gastric cancer, was an independent risk factor for the continuation of adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. However, it is unclear whether BWL after gastrectomy leads to poor survival through poor compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. METHODS: We conducted this follow-up study in the same cohort as our previous study. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were examined in 103 patients who underwent curative D2 surgery and were pathologically diagnosed with stage II or III gastric cancer, and who received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 between June 2002 and December 2011...
June 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126015/cognitive-remediation-therapy-plus-behavioural-weight-loss-compared-to-behavioural-weight-loss-alone-for-obesity-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Evelyn Smith, Charlotte Whittingham
BACKGROUND: Current research indicates that obese individuals have cognitive deficits in executive function, leading to difficulties with planning, impulse control and decision-making. High levels of inflammation have been proposed to contribute to executive function deficits in individuals with obesity. METHODS/DESIGN: One hundred and seventy-six obese participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: (1) behavioural weight loss alone (BWL) group = 8 sessions of individual BWL sessions plus 12 group BWL sessions or (2) Cognitive Remediation Therapy for Obesity (CRT-O) plus BWL group (CRT-O + BWL) = 8 sessions of individual CRT-O plus 12 group BWL sessions...
January 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090339/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-improving-recruitment-and-engagement-of-emerging-adults-in-behavioural-weight-loss-programs
#16
J G LaRose, K M Guthrie, A Lanoye, D F Tate, E Robichaud, L J Caccavale, R R Wing
OBJECTIVE: Emerging adults ages 18-25 are at high risk for obesity, but are markedly underrepresented in behavioural weight loss (BWL) programs and experience lower engagement and retention relative to older adults. PURPOSE: To utilize a mixed methods approach to inform future efforts to effectively recruit and engage this high-risk population in BWL programs. METHODS: We used a convergent parallel design in which quantitative and qualitative data were given equal priority...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078458/superiority-of-laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-with-hand-sewn-esophagogastrostomy-over-total-gastrectomy-in-improving-postoperative-body-weight-loss-and-quality-of-life
#17
Tatsuto Nishigori, Hiroshi Okabe, Shigeru Tsunoda, Hisashi Shinohara, Kazutaka Obama, Hisahiro Hosogi, Shigeo Hisamori, Kikuko Miyazaki, Takeo Nakayama, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Proximal gastrectomy is not widely performed because the procedure is complicated, particularly under laparoscopy. We developed a simple laparoscopic technique of hand-sewn esophagogastrostomy with an anti-reflux mechanism. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the postoperative body weight loss (BWL) and quality of life (QOL) following laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) and laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) in patients with upper gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with stage I upper gastric cancer undergoing LPG or LTG at Kyoto University Hospital between March 2006 and June 2014...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909882/lower-depression-scores-associated-with-greater-weight-loss-among-rural-black-women-in-a-behavioral-weight-loss-program
#18
Tiffany L Carson, Bradford E Jackson, Timiya S Nolan, Angela Williams, Monica L Baskin
Depression and stress have been associated with less weight loss among some participants in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs. The purpose of this study was to (1) measure the levels of depression and stress among a sample of black women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi who were participating in a BWL program and (2) examine the association between these psychosocial variables and weight loss outcomes of participants at 6 months. Overweight and obese black women in a BWL program (n = 409) completed validated surveys to measure depression and stress at baseline and 6 months...
June 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898935/estimation-of-genetic-parameters-for-traits-associated-with-reproduction-lactation-and-efficiency-in-sows
#19
D M Thekkoot, R A Kemp, M F Rothschild, G S Plastow, J C M Dekkers
Increased milk production due to high litter size, coupled with low feed intake, results in excessive mobilization of sow body reserves during lactation, which can have detrimental effects on future reproductive performance. A possibility to prevent this is to improve sow lactation performance genetically, along with other traits of interest. The aim of this study was to estimate breed-specific genetic parameters (by parity, between parities, and across parities) for traits associated with lactation and reproduction in Yorkshire and Landrace sows...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804228/genetic-and-neural-predictors-of-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-a-preliminary-study
#20
Eunice Y Chen, Thomas M Olino, Chris J Conklin, Feroze B Mohamed, W Scott Hoge, Gary D Foster, Jean M Arlt, Kalina Eneva, Judy R Kidd, Kenneth R Kidd, Michelle R Lent, Susan Murray, Andrew Newberg, Colleen Tewksbury, Stephanie S VanderVeur, Angelina Yiu
OBJECTIVE: To examine neural mechanisms of action in behavioral weight loss treatment (BWL) and explore neural and genetic predictors of BWL. METHODS: Neural activation to milkshake receipt and genetics were compared in 17 women with obesity who received 12 weeks of BWL and 17 women who received no intervention. Participants were scanned twice using functional magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and 12 weeks. Weight was assessed at baseline, 12, 36, and 60 weeks...
January 2017: Obesity
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