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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564130/prognostic-significance-of-unintentional-body-weight-loss-in-colon-cancer-patients
#1
Yi-Hung Kuo, Chung-Sheng Shi, Cheng Yi Huang, Yun-Ching Huang, Chih-Chien Chin
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether unintentional body weight loss (BWL) provides additional clinical information in terms of tumor progression and prognosis in non-metastatic colon cancer. In the present study, a total of 2,406 consecutive colon cancer patients without metastasis were retrospectively enrolled. Unintentional BWL was defined as loss of >5% of body weight within the last 6-12 months, or defined subjectively upon fulfillment of at least two of the following: Evidence of change in clothing size and corroboration of the reported weight loss by family or friend...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433329/combined-burst-wave-lithotripsy-and-ultrasonic-propulsion-for-improved-urinary-stone-fragmentation
#2
Theresa A Zwaschka, Justin S Ahn, Bryan W Cunitz, Michael R Bailey, Barbrina L Dunmire, Mathew D Sorensen, Jonathan D Harper, Adam D Maxwell
PURPOSE: Burst wave lithotripsy (BWL) is a new technology in development to fragment urinary stones. Ultrasonic propulsion is a separate technology under investigation for displacing stones. We measure the effect of propulsion pulses on stone fragmentation from BWL. MATERIAL/METHODS: Two artificial stone models (crystalline calcite, BegoStone plaster) and human calcium oxalate monohydrate stones measuring 5-8 mm were subjected to ultrasound exposures in a polyvinyl chloride tissue phantom within a water bath...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419754/antifungal-activity-of-natural-volatile-organic-compounds-against-litchi-downy-blight-pathogen-peronophythora-litchii
#3
Mengyu Xing, Li Zheng, Yizhen Deng, Dandan Xu, Pinggen Xi, Minhui Li, Guanghui Kong, Zide Jiang
Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) is a commercially important fruit but its production and quality are restricted by litchi downy blight, caused by the oomycete pathogen Peronophythora litchii Chen. Volatile substances produced by a biocontrol antinomycetes Streptomyces fimicarius BWL-H1 could inhibited P. litchii growth and development both in vitro and in detached litchi leaf and fruit infection assay. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analyses indicated that volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from BWL-H1 resulted in severe damage to the endomembrane system and cell wall of P...
February 8, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278718/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-manualized-cognitive-remediation-therapy-in-adult-obesity
#4
Jayanthi Raman, Phillipa Hay, Kate Tchanturia, Evelyn Smith
OBJECTIVE: Research has indicated that individuals with obesity have neurocognitive deficits, especially in cognitive flexibility that may in turn impact on their weight loss and maintenance. Consequently, we examined the efficacy of a manualised face-to-face cognitive remediation therapy for obesity (CRT-O) within a randomised controlled trial, in terms of improving cognitive flexibility, reducing binge eating behaviour, improving quality of life and helping with weight loss. METHODS: 80 adults with obesity (body mass index >30 kg/m2 ), 70% binge eaters, received three weekly sessions of group Behavioural Weight Loss (BWL) and then were randomised to 8 sessions of individual CRT-O or to a no-treatment control group...
April 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178659/behavioral-weight-loss-intervention-for-migraine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Dale S Bond, J Graham Thomas, Richard B Lipton, Julie Roth, Jelena M Pavlovic, Lucille Rathier, Kevin C O'Leary, E Whitney Evans, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test whether behavioral weight loss (BWL) intervention decreases headaches in women with comorbid migraine and overweight or obesity. METHODS: This randomized, single-blind trial allocated women 18 to 50 years old with 4 to 20 migraine days per month and a BMI = 25.0-49.9 kg/m2 to 16 weeks of BWL (n = 54), which targeted exercise and eating behaviors for weight loss, or to migraine education control (ME, n = 56), which delivered didactic instruction on migraine and treatments...
January 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127575/bright-light-therapy-improves-cancer-related-fatigue-in-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jillian A Johnson, Sheila N Garland, Linda E Carlson, Josée Savard, J Steven A Simpson, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Tavis S Campbell
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and distressing symptom that can persist after cancer treatment has concluded. Bright light therapy has shown preliminary efficacy in reducing CRF, but its impact on other psychosocial factors is unclear. The purpose was to examine the impact of a 1-month light therapy intervention on fatigue, mood, and quality of life in cancer survivors with fatigue. METHODS: This 4-week blinded randomized controlled trial recruited cancer survivors who met diagnostic criteria for CRF...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035748/body-dissatisfaction-predicts-poor-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-adherence-in-overweight-mexican-american-women
#7
Julia L Austin, Kelsey N Serier, Ruth E Sarafin, Jane Ellen Smith
Poor adherence poses a major barrier to the success of behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs, particularly for overweight Mexican American women. Given the high prevalence and costs of overweight/obesity, factors that contribute to attendance and adherence problems should be identified, especially in ethnic minority populations. The current study examined the role of pre-treatment body dissatisfaction and depression in predicting attendance and adherence in a BWL intervention. Ninety-nine overweight/obese Mexican American women enrolled in the intervention and completed baseline measures...
December 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962602/project-teams-talking-about-eating-activity-and-mutual-support-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-theory-based-weight-loss-program-for-couples
#8
Amy A Gorin, Theodore A Powers, Katelyn Gettens, Talea Cornelius, Richard Koestner, Amy R Mobley, Linda Pescatello, Tania Huedo Medina
BACKGROUND: Obesity risk is shared between spouses, yet existing weight loss programs focus on individuals and not the marital dyad. Given the interdependence of weight in couples, weight management outcomes might be improved by targeting joint weight loss and the creation of an interpersonal milieu that supports long-term behavior change. According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), greater autonomous self-regulation of behaviors, and subsequently better treatment outcomes, are observed in needs supportive environments in which personally meaningful choice is supported and criticism and control are minimized...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707718/bracketed-radioactive-seed-localization-vs-bracketed-wire-localization-in-breast-surgery
#9
Monica Da Silva, Jessica Porembka, Ali A Mokdad, Stephen Seiler, James Huth, Aeisha Rivers, Rachel Wooldridge, Amanda Chu, Emily Brown, Jean Bao, Deborah Farr, Meghan Hansen, Alison Unzeitig-Barron, Marilyn Leitch, Roshni Rao
Multiple localizers placed in a bracketed fashion facilitates excision of radiographically extensive breast lesions. In this study, bracketed radioactive seed localization (bRSL) was compared to bracketed wire localization (bWL). We hypothesized that bRSL would achieve adequate margins and decrease re-operation rates with similar or less specimen volumes (SV) than bWL. Retrospective review identified patients who underwent bracketed breast procedures at an academic medical center. Data collected included patient demographics, tumor features, treatment variables, and surgical outcomes...
July 14, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690558/blue-enriched-white-light-enhances-physiological-arousal-but-not-behavioral-performance-during-simulated-driving-at-early-night
#10
Beatriz Rodríguez-Morilla, Juan A Madrid, Enrique Molina, Angel Correa
Vigilance usually deteriorates over prolonged driving at non-optimal times of day. Exposure to blue-enriched light has shown to enhance arousal, leading to behavioral benefits in some cognitive tasks. However, the cognitive effects of long-wavelength light have been less studied and its effects on driving performance remained to be addressed. We tested the effects of a blue-enriched white light (BWL) and a long-wavelength orange light (OL) vs. a control condition of dim light on subjective, physiological and behavioral measures at 21:45 h...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545783/risk-factors-for-severe-weight-loss-at-1-month-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#11
Kenki Segami, Toru Aoyama, Kazuki Kano, Yukio Maezawa, Tetsushi Nakajima, Kosuke Ikeda, Tsutomu Sato, Hirohito Fujikawa, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Takashi Oshima, Norio Yukawa, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Body weight loss (BWL) is frequently observed in gastric cancer patients who undergo gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The risk factors for severe BWL after gastrectomy remain unclear. METHODS: The present study retrospectively examined patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer between January 2012 and June 2014 at Kanagawa Cancer Center. All patients received perioperative care based on the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol...
May 22, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524643/racial-and-ethnic-minority-enrollment-in-randomized-clinical-trials-of-behavioural-weight-loss-utilizing-technology-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
D L Rosenbaum, A D Piers, L M Schumacher, C A Kase, M L Butryn
Many racial and ethnic minority groups (minorities) are disproportionately affected by overweight and obesity; however, minorities are often under-represented in clinical trials of behavioural weight loss (BWL) treatment, potentially limiting the generalizability of these trials' conclusions. Interventions involving technology may be particularly well suited to overcoming the barriers to minority enrollment in BWL trials, such as demanding or unpredictable work schedules, caregiving responsibilities and travel burdens...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521550/detection-and-evaluation-of-renal-injury-in-burst-wave-lithotripsy-using-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#13
Philip C May, Wayne Kreider, Adam D Maxwell, Yak-Nam Wang, Bryan W Cunitz, Philip M Blomgren, Cynthia D Johnson, Joshua S H Park, Michael R Bailey, Donghoon Lee, Jonathan D Harper, Mathew D Sorensen
PURPOSE: Burst wave lithotripsy (BWL) is a transcutaneous technique with potential to safely and effectively fragment renal stones. Preclinical investigations of BWL require the assessment of potential renal injury. This study evaluates the capabilities of real-time ultrasound and MRI to detect and evaluate BWL injury that was induced in porcine kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten kidneys from five female farm pigs were treated with either a 170 or 335 kHz BWL transducer using variable treatment parameters and monitored in real-time with ultrasound...
August 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455607/effect-of-spineless-cactus-intake-opuntia-ficus-indica-on-blood-glucose-levels-in-lactating-sows-and-its-impact-on-feed-intake-body-weight-loss-and-weaning-estrus-interval
#14
Gerardo Ordaz-Ochoa, Aureliano Juárez-Caratachea, Rosa Elena Pérez-Sánchez, Rafael María Román-Bravo, Ruy Ortiz-Rodríguez
The effect of spineless cactus intake (Opuntia ficus-indica) on blood glucose (BG) levels in lactating sows and its impact on daily and total feed intake (dFI(-1) and TFI, respectively), body weight loss (BWL), and weaning-estrus interval length (WEI) were evaluated. Thirty-four hybrid (Yorkshire × Landrace × Pietrain) sows in lactation phase were used. Sows were divided into two groups: G1 (n = 17) where they received commercial feed and G2 (n = 17) provided with commercial feed plus an average of 2...
June 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414064/obesity-in-coronary-heart-disease-an-unaddressed-behavioral-risk-factor
#15
Philip A Ades, Patrick D Savage
Obesity is an independent risk factor for the development and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD). Over 80% of patients with CHD are overweight or obese. While obesity is often considered a relatively "minor" CHD risk factor, weight loss is a broadly effective risk-factor intervention. Weight loss can profoundly influence a number of "major" risk factors including: hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes mellitus. Despite its prominence as a risk factor most cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs do not have a specific, targeted intervention to assist patients with weight loss...
November 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367435/effect-of-underlying-renal-disease-on-nutritional-and-metabolic-profile-of-older-adults-with-reduced-renal-function
#16
Silvia Lai, Maria Ida Amabile, Silvia Altieri, Daniela Mastroluca, Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Crudo, Anna Rita D'Angelo, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Alessio Molfino
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a common condition in the general population, particularly among older adults. Renal impairment is in turn associated with metabolic and nutritional derangements and with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: To compare the metabolic, nutritional, and cardiovascular impact of reduced kidney function between patients with and without known renal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled consecutive outpatients (age ≥65 years) with reduced renal function who were divided into two groups: Group A with history of renal disease and Group B with unknown renal disease...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315419/identifying-the-mechanisms-through-which-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-improves-food-decision-making-in-obesity
#17
Kathryn E Demos, Jeanne M McCaffery, J Graham Thomas, Kimberly A Mailloux, Todd A Hare, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs are the recommended treatment for obesity, yet it is unknown whether these programs change one's ability to use self-control in food choices and what specific mechanisms support such change. Using experimental economics methods, we investigated whether changes in dietary behavior in individuals with obesity following BWL are driven by one or more of the following potential mechanisms: changes in the perception of the 1) health or 2) taste of food items, and/or 3) shifting decision weights for health versus taste attributes...
July 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257940/not-so-fast-the-impact-of-impulsivity-on-weight-loss-varies-by-treatment-type
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stephanie M Manasse, Daniel Flack, Cara Dochat, Fengqing Zhang, Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman
Behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatments result in suboptimal weight losses for many individuals. Impulsivity appears to be a maintenance factor of obesity, yet few studies have examined impulsivity as a predictor of outcomes from BWL. We examined specific facets of impulsivity (inhibitory control and delay discounting) as moderators of outcome in BWL. Overweight adults (n = 190) were randomized to standard behavioral treatment (SBT) or acceptance-based behavioral treatment (ABT). We hypothesized that impulsivity would be inversely associated with weight loss, and that the association between impulsivity and outcome would be attenuated in the ABT condition...
June 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222970/weight-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-surviving-2-years-after-gastric-cancer-resection
#19
M Climent, M Munarriz, J M Blazeby, D Dorcaratto, J M Ramón, M J Carrera, L Fontane, L Grande, M Pera
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in patients undergoing gastric cancer resection, leading to weight loss, although little is known about how this impacts on health-related quality of life (HRQL). This study aimed to explore the association between HRQL and weight loss in patients 2 years after curative gastric cancer resection. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing curative gastric cancer resection and surviving at least 2 years without disease recurrence were recruited...
July 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176023/postoperative-weight-loss-leads-to-poor-survival-through-poor-s-1-efficacy-in-patients-with-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer
#20
Toru Aoyama, Tsutomu Sato, Yukio Maezawa, Kazuki Kano, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Norio Yukawa, Takashi Oshima, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
AIMS: We previously demonstrated that body weight loss (BWL) at one month after gastrectomy, a common finding after surgery for gastric cancer, was an independent risk factor for the continuation of adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. However, it is unclear whether BWL after gastrectomy leads to poor survival through poor compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. METHODS: We conducted this follow-up study in the same cohort as our previous study. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were examined in 103 patients who underwent curative D2 surgery and were pathologically diagnosed with stage II or III gastric cancer, and who received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 between June 2002 and December 2011...
June 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
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