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Kelly H Webber, Erin M Casey, Lindsey Mayes, Yuriko Katsumata, Laurel Mellin
OBJECTIVES: This study compared a behavioral weight loss program (BWL) with a stress management-based program, Emotional Brain Training (EBT), on weight loss, blood pressure, depression, perceived stress, diet, and physical activity. METHODS: Subjects with a body mass index (BMI) of >28 and <45 kg/m(2) were recruited in Lexington, Kentucky in January 2014 and randomized to BWL or EBT for a 20-week intervention. Of those recruited, 49 participants were randomized to EBT or BWL...
July 2016: Nutrition
Carlos M Grilo, Deborah L Reas, James E Mitchell
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress about binge eating without the extreme compensatory behaviors for weight control that characterize other eating disorders. BED is prevalent, associated strongly with obesity, and is associated with heightened levels of psychological, psychiatric, and medical concerns. This article provides an overview of randomized controlled treatments for combined psychological and pharmacological treatment of BED to inform current clinical practice and future treatment research...
June 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
Chengjian Li, Haiou Tong, Qiongxian Yan, Shaoxun Tang, Xuefeng Han, Wenjun Xiao, Zhiliang Tan
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the regulatory effects of L-theanine on secretion of immune cytokines, hormones, and neurotransmitters, and mRNA expression of phospholipase C (PLC) in rats, and to explore its regulatory mechanism in immune function. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-four Sprague-Dawley rats received daily intragastric infusion of different doses of L-theanine solution [0, 50 (LT), 200 (MT), and 400 (HT) mg/kg BW]. Cytokines, immunoglobulins, and hormones in the serum, neurotransmitters, and mRNA expression of PLC in the relevant tissues were assayed...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Talea Cornelius, Katelyn Gettens, Amy A Gorin
BACKGROUND: Despite health and economic burdens associated with overweight and obesity, long-term weight loss intervention efforts have been largely unsuccessful. Observations that weight status tends to cluster in social groups, and findings showing "ripple" effects of weight change within social clusters, raise questions about the impact of social relationships on weight loss. PURPOSE: Through a reanalysis of data from a randomized weight loss intervention, this study compared dyadic dynamics in intervention participants and in-home partners...
August 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Hidemasa Kubo, Shuhei Komatsu, Daisuke Ichikawa, Tsutomu Kawaguchi, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Kazuma Okamoto, Hirotaka Konishi, Atsushi Shiozaki, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Eigo Otsuji
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess the prognostic role of body weight loss (BWL) after curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed a total of 102 consecutive patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for stage II or III gastric cancer between 2005 and 2011. Postoperative BWL during the first 6 months in patients was calculated from their hospital records. RESULTS: Postoperative BWL was significantly higher in patients with tumours in the upper stomach, total gastrectomy, or subsequent recurrence...
February 2016: Anticancer Research
Eduardo Madeira, Miguel Madeira, Erika Paniago Guedes, Thiago Thomaz Mafort, Leonardo Vieira Neto, Rodrigo de Oliveira Moreira, Paulo Roberto Alves de Pinho, Agnaldo José Lopes, Maria Lucia Fleiuss Farias
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic that is difficult to control with non-invasive treatments, which usually present poor results. In this context, the intragastric balloon (IGB) is an important tool that presents a mean body weight loss (BWL) estimated at approximately 12%, although individual responses are highly variable. OBJECTIVES: This study assesses whether there are factors that can predict responses to IGB therapy either before or early after placement of the device...
March 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Maria Shakun, Thomas Heinze, Wolfgang Radke
Two series of sodium carboxymethyl celluloses (NaCMC) with average degrees of substitution (DS) ranging from 0.45 to 1.55 were synthesized from low molecular mass Avicel cellulose (Avicel samples) and from high molecular mass cotton linters (BWL samples). The samples were characterized by online two-dimensional liquid chromatography using gradient liquid adsorption chromatography in the first and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) in the second dimension. This method allows the simultaneous determination of the chemical composition (DS) and the molar mass distribution within the individual samples...
October 5, 2015: Carbohydrate Polymers
Björn Mårtensson, Agneta Pettersson, Lars Berglund, Lisa Ekselius
BACKGROUND: Light therapy is an accepted treatment option, at least for seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Our aim was to critically evaluate treatment effects of bright white light (BWL) on the depressive symptoms in both SAD and non-seasonal depression. METHODS: The systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO were searched (December 1974 through June 2014) for randomized controlled trials published in peer-reviewed journals...
August 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Toru Aoyama, Taiichi Kawabe, Fujikawa Hirohito, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Kazuhito Tsuchida, Tsutomu Sato, Takashi Oshima, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: A significant body weight loss (BWL) is observed during 1 month after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. However, it remains unclear which body component mainly accounts for the weight loss. METHODS: Two-hundred forty-four patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer between May 2010 and October 2013 were examined. Body weight and composition were evaluated by a bioelectrical impedance analyzer within 1 week before surgery (first measurement), at 1 week after surgery (second measurement), and at 1 month after surgery (third measurement)...
April 2016: Gastric Cancer
Anja Hilbert, Thomas Hildebrandt, W Stewart Agras, Denise E Wilfley, G Terence Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of short- and long-term effects of rapid response across 3 different treatments for binge eating disorder (BED). METHOD: In a randomized clinical study comparing interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), cognitive-behavioral therapy guided self-help (CBTgsh), and behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatment in 205 adults meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; APA, 1994) criteria for BED, the predictive value of rapid response, defined as ≥70% reduction in binge eating by Week 4, was determined for remission from binge eating and global eating disorder psychopathology at posttreatment, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-ups...
June 2015: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
J Graham Thomas, Rena R Wing
BACKGROUND: Individual and group-based behavioral weight loss treatment (BWL) produces average weight loss of 5-10% of initial body weight, which improves health and wellbeing. However, BWL is an intensive treatment that is costly and not widely available. Smartphones may be a useful tool for promoting adherence to key aspects of BWL, such as self-monitoring, thereby facilitating weight loss while reducing the need for intensive in-person contact. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate smartphones as a method of delivering key components of established and empirically validated behavioral weight loss treatment, with an emphasis on adherence to self-monitoring...
2013: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
G Terence Wilson, Denise E Wilfley, W Stewart Agras, Susan W Bryson
"Allegiance bias" has been hypothesized to compromise the findings of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In contrast, our multi-site RCT involving the collaboration of investigators with different allegiances regarding interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), guided self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBTgsh), and behavioral weight loss therapy (BWL) for binge eating disorder showed no evidence of any differential site × treatment effects. The findings indicate that "allegiance bias" does not necessarily occur in well-controlled RCTS with appropriate therapist training...
June 2011: Clinical Psychology
Tricia M Leahey, Xiaomeng Xu, Jessica L Unick, Rena R Wing
Self-control is associated with positive health outcomes; however, there is limited information on self-control and weight loss. Thus, the purpose of this preliminary research was to examine how objectively measured self-control operates within the context of a behavioral weight loss program (BWL). Results showed that greater self-control and increases in self-control during BWL treatment were associated with greater weight loss (r's â?¥ 0.26; p's < 0.05), better treatment attendance (r's â?¥ 0.26; p < 0...
March 2014: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
A Menconi, V A Kuttappan, X Hernandez-Velasco, T Urbano, F Matté, S Layton, G Kallapura, J Latorre, B E Morales, O Prado, J L Vicente, J Barton, R L Andreatti Filho, M Lovato, B M Hargis, G Tellez
The effect of a commercial organic acid (OA) product on BW loss (BWL) during feed withdrawal and transportation, carcass yield, and meat quality was evaluated in broiler chickens. Two experiments were conducted in Brazil. Commercial houses were paired as control groups receiving regular water and treated groups receiving OA in the water. Treated birds had a reduction in BWL of 37 g in experiment 1 and 32.2 g in experiment 2. In experiment 2, no differences were observed in carcass yield between groups. Estimation of the cost benefit suggested a 1:16 ratio by using the OA...
February 2014: Poultry Science
Toru Aoyama, Tsutomu Hayashi, Hirohito Fujikawa, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Hiroo Wada, Yuichi Kitani, Norio Yukawa, Takashi Oshima, Yasushi Rino, Yukihiro Ozawa, Munetaka Masuda, Takaki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Eicosapentaenoic acid-enriched oral nutritional supplements (Prosure®; Abbott Japan, Tokyo, Japan) may attenuate surgical stress and catabolism after gastric cancer surgery. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of Prosure® on body weight loss( BWL) and compliance with S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy after gastrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent curative total gastrectomy for gastric cancer were selected to undergo adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy at Kanagawa Cancer Center between December 2010 and October 2011...
November 2013: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
J Manens, R Ricci, C Damoiseaux, S Gault, B Contiero, M Diez, C Clercx
BACKGROUND: Few studies show the detrimental effect of canine obesity on cardiopulmonary function (CPF). The 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a noninvasive exercise test easy to perform in clinical settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of obesity and body weight loss (BWL) on CPF assessed by the 6MWT and arterial blood gas analysis. ANIMALS: Six experimental Beagles and 9 privately owned obese dogs were enrolled in a diet-induced BWL program...
March 2014: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Chantelle N Hart, Joseph L Fava, Leslee L Subak, Katie Stone, Eric Vittinghoff, Kathryn Demos, Erin O'Brien, Alyssa Cairns, Rena Wing
Short sleep duration is associated with obesity risk. Despite calls to incorporate strategies to enhance sleep within the context of behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatment, little is known regarding the association between sleep and body mass index (BMI) among individuals presenting for BWL. Moreover, most research has focused on eating pathways linking sleep and BMI, and have not explored how sleep may impact engagement in physical activity. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether, in a sample of women seeking treatment for weight loss, there was an association between reported time in bed (TIB), higher BMI, lower physical activity, and less favorable dietary composition...
2012: ISRN Obesity
Wen-Chieh Yang, Lu-Lu Zhao, Yu-Cheng Li, Chi-Hua Chen, Yu-Jun Chang, Yun-Ching Fu, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: Severe dehydration is generally believed to be a cause of significant hyperbilirubinemia in newborn babies. This study aimed to analyze the weight loss of healthy term newborn infants at 24, 48 and 72 hours after birth to predict significant hyperbilirubinemia at 72 hours. METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2008, we conducted this retrospective chart review by measuring total bilirubin (transcutaneous and serum) in 343 healthy, term newborns with a birth body weight of more than 2500 g...
2013: BMC Pediatrics
Maryia Shakun, Thomas Heinze, Wolfgang Radke
Two series of sodium carboxymethyl celluloses (NaCMCs) derived from microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel samples, DP~160) and cotton linters (BWL samples, DP~1400) with average degrees of substitution in the range DS=0.45-1.55 were analyzed by gradient liquid adsorption chromatography (gradient LAC) in order to determine their chemical composition distributions (DS distributions or 1st order heterogeneities). Clear separations of samples having different average DS values were achieved for both sample series, allowing determination of the DS distributions of the samples...
October 15, 2013: Carbohydrate Polymers
Maryia Shakun, Helena Maier, Thomas Heinze, Peter Kilz, Wolfgang Radke
Two series of sodium carboxymethyl celluloses (NaCMCs) derived from microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel samples) and cotton linters (BWL samples) with average degrees of substitution (DS) ranging from DS=0.45 to DS=1.55 were characterized by size exclusion chromatography with multi-angle laser light scattering detection (SEC-MALLS) in 100 mmol/L aqueous ammonium acetate (NH4OAc) as vaporizable eluent system. The application of vaporizable NH4OAc allows future use of the eluent system in two-dimensional separations employing evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD)...
June 5, 2013: Carbohydrate Polymers
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