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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723831/effect-of-intrathecal-bupivacaine-dose-on-the-success-of-external-cephalic-version-for-breech-presentation-a-prospective-randomized-blinded-clinical-trial
#1
Laurie A Chalifoux, Jeanette R Bauchat, Nicole Higgins, Paloma Toledo, Feyce M Peralta, Jason Farrer, Susan E Gerber, Robert J McCarthy, John T Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Breech presentation is a leading cause of cesarean delivery. The use of neuraxial anesthesia increases the success rate of external cephalic version procedures for breech presentation and reduces cesarean delivery rates for fetal malpresentation. Meta-analysis suggests that higher-dose neuraxial techniques increase external cephalic version success to a greater extent than lower-dose techniques, but no randomized study has evaluated the dose-response effect. We hypothesized that increasing the intrathecal bupivacaine dose would be associated with increased external cephalic version success...
July 19, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716619/attachment-insecurity-in-advanced-cancer-patients-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-brief-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-ecr-m16-g
#2
Philipp Rebecca, Vehling Sigrun, Scheffold Katharina, Grünke Britta, Härter Martin, Mehnert Anja, Schulz-Kindermann Frank, Lo Christopher
CONTEXT: Attachment insecurity refers to difficulty in trusting and relying on others in times of need. Its underlying factors attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance have been empirically associated with impaired coping in advanced cancer, and therefore should be considered in individually tailored medical and psychosocial treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the German translation of the Brief Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR-M16-G)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716055/temporal-and-geographical-external-validation-study-and-extension-of-the-mayo-clinic-prediction-model-to-predict-egfr-in-the-younger-population-of-swiss-adpkd-patients
#3
Laura Girardat-Rotar, Julia Braun, Milo A Puhan, Alison G Abraham, Andreas L Serra
BACKGROUND: Prediction models in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) are useful in clinical settings to identify patients with greater risk of a rapid disease progression in whom a treatment may have more benefits than harms. Mayo Clinic investigators developed a risk prediction tool for ADPKD patients using a single kidney value. Our aim was to perform an independent geographical and temporal external validation as well as evaluate the potential for improving the predictive performance by including additional information on total kidney volume...
July 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714738/dealing-with-daily-challenges-in-dementia-deal-id-study-process-evaluation-of-the-experience-sampling-method-intervention-partner-in-sight-for-spousal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#4
Rosalia J M van Knippenberg, Marjolein E de Vugt, Claudia M J Smeets, Inez Myin-Germeys, Frans R J Verhey, Rudolf W Ponds
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the process evaluation of the experience sampling method (ESM) intervention 'Partner in Sight' for spousal caregivers of people with dementia. The aim was to determine internal and external validity of the intervention and provide information for future implementation in clinical practice. METHOD: Qualitative and quantitative data on sampling quality (recruitment and randomization, reach) and intervention quality (relevance and feasibility, adherence to protocol) were evaluated using descriptive statistics and conventional content analysis...
July 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712801/the-effect-of-pelvic-tilt-and-femoral-head-size-on-hip-range-of-motion-to-impingement
#5
Thomas F McCarthy, Jim Nevelos, Randa K Elmallah, Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Vincent Alipit, Timothy C Wagner, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: About 50%-70% of dislocators have cups placed within so-called "safe zones." It has been postulated that factors such as femoral head size and pelvic tilt, obliquity, or rotation may influence postoperative stability. Therefore, we assessed varying degrees of pelvic tilt and head sizes on the range of motion (ROM) to impingement. METHODS: A hip simulator was used to import models of 10 subjects who performed object pickup, squatting, and low-chair rising...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711745/child-maltreatment-and-age-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-initiation-in-high-risk-youth
#6
Laura J Proctor, Terri Lewis, Scott Roesch, Richard Thompson, Alan J Litrownik, Diana English, Amelia M Arria, Patricia Isbell, Howard Dubowitz
INTRODUCTION: Youth with a history of child maltreatment use substances and develop substance use disorders at rates above national averages. Thus far, no research has examined pathways from maltreatment to age of substance use initiation for maltreated youth. We examined the longitudinal impact of maltreatment in early childhood on age of alcohol and marijuana use initiation, and whether internalizing and externalizing behaviors at age 8 mediates the link between maltreatment and age of substance use initiation...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711478/dosimetric-comparison-of-peripheral-nsclc-sbrt-using-acuros-xb-and-aaa-calculation-algorithms
#7
Chloe C H Ong, Khong Wei Ang, Roger C X Soh, Kah Ming Tin, Jerome H H Yap, James C L Lee, Christopher M Bragg
There is a concern for dose calculation in highly heterogenous environments such as the thorax region. This study compares the quality of treatment plans of peripheral non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using 2 calculation algorithms, namely, Eclipse Anisotropic Analytical Algorithm (AAA) and Acuros External Beam (AXB), for 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) data from 20 anonymized patients were studied using Varian Eclipse planning system, AXB, and AAA version 10...
July 12, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710219/comparison-of-propofol-and-dexmedetomidine-infused-overnight-to-treat-hyperactive-and-mixed-icu-delirium-a-protocol-for-the-basel-prodex-clinical-trial
#8
Alexa Hollinger, Katrin Ledergerber, Stefanie von Felten, Raoul Sutter, Stephan Rüegg, Lukas Gantner, Sibylle Zimmermann, Andrea Blum, Luzius A Steiner, Stephan Marsch, Martin Siegemund
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Delirium is a neurobehavioural disturbance that frequently develops particularly in the intensive care unit (ICU) population. It was first described more than half a century ago, where it was already discovered as a state that might come along with serious complications such as prolonged ICU and hospital stay, reduced quality of life and increased mortality. However, in most cases, there is still lack of proof for causal relationship. Its presence frequently remains unrecognised due to suggested predominance of the hypoactive form...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704164/maternal-problem-drinking-and-child-mental-health
#9
Mathilde M Husky, Katherine Keyes, Ava Hamilton, Anastasia Stragalinou, Ondine Pez, Rowella Kuijpers, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Roy Otten, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
BACKGROUND: Offspring of individuals with alcohol use disorders have been shown to have elevated risk for mental health problems. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between maternal problem drinking and child mental health as assessed by three informants in three European countries. METHODS: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health in Europe study. Maternal alcohol use was assessed using the alcohol use disorders identification test...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698133/randomized-controlled-trial-of-internal-and-external-targeted-temperature-management-methods-in-post-cardiac-arrest-patients
#10
Xinqi Look, Huihua Li, Mingwei Ng, Eric Tien Siang Lim, Sohil Pothiawala, Kenneth Boon Kiat Tan, Duu Wen Sewa, Nur Shahidah, Pin Pin Pek, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: Targeted temperature management post-cardiac arrest is currently implemented using various methods, broadly categorized as internal and external. This study aimed to evaluate survival-to-hospital discharge and neurological outcomes (Glasgow-Pittsburgh Score) of post-cardiac arrest patients undergoing internal cooling verses external cooling. METHODOLOGY: A randomized controlled trial of post-resuscitation cardiac arrest patients was conducted from October 2008-September 2014...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685162/in-vivo-indicators-of-cytoplasmic-vacuolar-and-extracellular-ph-using-phluorin2-in-candida-albicans
#11
Hélène Tournu, Arturo Luna-Tapia, Brian M Peters, Glen E Palmer
Environmental or chemically induced stresses often trigger physiological responses that regulate intracellular pH. As such, the capacity to detect pH changes in real time and within live cells is of fundamental importance to essentially all aspects of biology. In this respect, pHluorin, a pH-sensitive variant of green fluorescent protein, has provided an invaluable tool to detect such responses. Here, we report the adaptation of pHluorin2 (PHL2), a substantially brighter variant of pHluorin, for use with the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans...
July 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684105/assessing-technical-competence-in-laparoscopic-surgery-in-france-ratification-of-the-goals-rating-scale
#12
Pierre Panel, Julien Niro, Marie-Emmanuelle Neveu, Clara Compan, Revaz Botchorishvili, Olivier Celhay
BACKGROUND: The question of assessing surgical competence is the focus of mainly Anglo-Saxon studies. The GOALS questionnaire (Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills) specific to laparoscopic surgery assessment, has been developed since 2005. The aim of the study was to assess the metrological qualities of the GOALS questionnaire after ratification in French language. METHODS: To produce a French version of the GOALS surgical competence assessing tool according to an established method (translation - backward translation - retranslation) and to check the metrological qualities (user satisfaction, acceptability, reliability and validity) of this questionnaire through observing residents while in training program on 22 residents in Gynecology Obstetrics during the laparoscopy training, with the performance of a nephrectomy on a porcine model...
July 3, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678149/periacetabular-quadruple-osteotomy-of-the-pelvis-in-older-children-computed-tomography-scan-analysis-of-acetabular-retroversion-and-anterior-overcoverage-of-the-hip-preventing-femoral-acetabular-impingement
#13
Roger Jawish, Hassan Najdi, Ali Krayan
The periacetabular quadruple osteotomy of the pelvis (QOP), with the osteotomy of ischial spine to release the sacrospinal ligament, is reserved for older children with low potential of remodeling. Different parameters were studied with computed tomography (CT) scan before (pre-OH) and after surgery (post-OH) and for nonoperated hip (NOH). The study determined an optimal method to avoid retroversion and excessive anterior coverage. Fifteen QOP were performed in 13 patients, ranging in age from 10 to 15 years...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674512/temporal-organization-of-sound-information-in-auditory-memory
#14
Kun Song, Huan Luo
Memory is a constructive and organizational process. Instead of being stored with all the fine details, external information is reorganized and structured at certain spatiotemporal scales. It is well acknowledged that time plays a central role in audition by segmenting sound inputs into temporal chunks of appropriate length. However, it remains largely unknown whether critical temporal structures exist to mediate sound representation in auditory memory. To address the issue, here we designed an auditory memory transferring study, by combining a previously developed unsupervised white noise memory paradigm with a reversed sound manipulation method...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666560/worldwide-population-variation-in-pelvic-sexual-dimorphism-a-validation-and-recalibration-of-the-klales-et-al-method
#15
Michael W Kenyhercz, Alexandra R Klales, Kyra E Stull, Kyle A McCormick, Stephanie J Cole
Sex estimation is an integral aspect of biological anthropology. Correctly estimating sex is the first step to many subsequent analyses, such as estimating living stature or age-at-death. Klales et al. (2012) [6] provided a revised version of the Phenice (1969) [3] method that expanded the original three traits (ventral arc, subpubic concavity/contour, and medial aspect of the ischio-pubic ramus) into five character states to capture varying degrees of expression within each trait. The Klales et al. (2012) [6] method also provided associated probabilities with each sex classification, which is of particular importance in forensic anthropology...
May 8, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665144/examining-the-application-of-the-opening-minds-survey-in-the-community-health-centre-setting
#16
Mark van der Maas, Heather Stuart, Scott B Patten, Emily K Lentinello, Sireesha J Bobbili, Robert E Mann, Hayley A Hamilton, Patrick Corrigan, Akwatu Khenti
OBJECTIVE: Stigma has been identified as a complex and problematic issue. It acts as a major barrier to accessing care and can exacerbate the experience of a health condition, particularly for clients with mental illness and substance use issues. Scales designed to assess stigmatising attitudes towards those with mental illness and substance use problems among health care providers are necessary to evaluate programs designed to reduce that stigma. The goal of this study was to evaluate the internal reliability and external validity of the Opening Minds Survey for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664740/the-impact-of-physiological-peripartal-stress-on-the-lifelong-health-of-newborn
#17
J Hederlingova, P Psenkova, J Zahumensky
In the last decades the exponential increase in frequency of Caesarean sections is being observed. At the same time, there is growing amount of epidemiologic data showing higher lifetime risk of incidence of several diseases in offspring who do not experience natural labour. These findings lead to investigation of mechanisms which are responsible for maladaptation of several organ systems. Authors of this article describe these mechanisms, focusing especially on epigenetic programming, production of microbiome and positive effect of peripartal stress on successful beginning of extrauterine life...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645751/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-german-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-in-a-community-sample
#18
Ulrike Alexandra Ruzanska, Petra Warschburger
Intuitive eating is based on a strong physical connection with the body, aligned to internal cues of hunger and satiety, and a low preoccupation with food. The aim of this study was to provide a German version of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) and to examine its psychometric properties with data collected from 532 participants aged 18-91 years. The IES-2 was translated into German following the World Health Organization guidelines (2016). Cronbach's alpha as a measure of internal consistency was 0.89 for the IES-2 total score, as well as 0...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643118/comparison-of-photon-organ-and-effective-dose-coefficients-for-pimal-stylized-phantom-in-bent-positions-in-standard-irradiation-geometries
#19
Shaheen Dewji, K Lisa Reed, Mauritius Hiller
Computational phantoms with articulated arms and legs have been constructed to enable the estimation of radiation dose in different postures. Through a graphical user interface, the Phantom wIth Moving Arms and Legs (PIMAL) version 4.1.0 software can be employed to articulate the posture of a phantom and generate a corresponding input deck for the Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) radiation transport code. In this work, photon fluence-to-dose coefficients were computed using PIMAL to compare organ and effective doses for a stylized phantom in the standard upright position with those for phantoms in realistic work postures...
August 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628809/distrust-of-the-senses-and-its-association-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#20
Shiu F Wong, Alishia D Williams, Jessica R Grisham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Leading cognitive theories of OCD suggests that despite prevalent and persistent doubt, individuals with OCD do not have perceptual deficits. An alternate cognitive theory, the Seeking Proxies for Internal States hypothesis (SPIS), proposes that sensory distrust in OCD stems from actual deficits in accessing internal states. Consistent with the SPIS, previous research has found that high-OC individuals were less accurate than low-OC individuals in producing target levels of muscle tension in a biofeedback task and that OC symptoms were positively associated with reliance on an external proxy...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
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