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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933839/flexible-and-comprehensive-implementation-of-md-pmm-approach-in-a-general-and-robust-code
#1
Oliver Carrillo-Parramon, Sara Del Galdo, Massimiliano Aschi, Giordano Mancini, Andrea Amadei, Vincenzo Barone
The Perturbed Matrix Method (PMM) approach to be used in combination with Molecular Dynamics (MD) trajectories (MD-PMM) has been recoded from scratch, improved in several aspects, and implemented in the Gaussian suite of programs for allowing user friendly and yet flexible tool to estimate quantum chemistry observables in complex systems in condensed phases. Particular attention has been devoted to a description of rigid and flexible quantum centers together with powerful essential dynamics and clustering approaches...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926858/-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-sibling-perception-questionnaire-spq
#2
Ines Baumann, Mandy Niemitz, Lutz Goldbeck
The Sibling Perception Questionnaire (SPQ) measures the impact a cancer disease of a child has on a sibling's interpersonal relations in the family, communication, intrapersonal perceptions and fear of the disease. Aim of this study was the psychometric evaluation of the German version of the SPQ. For this purpose, data of 216 healthy siblings including 164 self-reports and 212 parent reports were gathered. For further analyses the 4 subscales "interpersonal difficulties", "intrapersonal difficulties", "open communication" and "fear of the disease" with overall 23 items were evaluated...
September 19, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917187/trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-and-externalizing-psychopathology-among-maltreated-foster-care-youth-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-curve-model
#3
Gia Elise Barboza, Silvia Dominguez, Jyda Pinder
Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how violence exposure (e.g. child maltreatment, witnessing community violence) influence both externalizing and Post-Traumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms among children in foster care. Data from three waves of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (1999-2007) (NSCAW; National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, 2002) were analyzed to investigate the change trajectories of both externalizing and PTS symptomatology among children with a substantiated report of child maltreatment by Child Protective Services (CPS) between October 1999 and December 2000...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914626/secondary-traumatic-stress-in-nicu-nurses-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Cheryl Tatano Beck, Regina M Cusson, Robert K Gable
BACKGROUND: Secondary traumatic stress is an occupational hazard for healthcare providers who care for patients who have been traumatized. This type of stress has been reported in various specialties of nursing, but no study to date had specifically focused on neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses. PURPOSE: (1) To determine the prevalence and severity of secondary traumatic stress in NICU nurses and (2) to explore those quantitative findings in more depth through nurses' qualitative descriptions of their traumatic experiences caring for critically ill infants in the NICU...
September 13, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910351/lab-meets-real-life-a-laboratory-assessment-of-spontaneous-thought-and-its-ecological-validity
#5
Christine Kuehner, Annett Welz, Iris Reinhard, Georg W Alpers
People's minds frequently wander towards self-generated thoughts, which are unrelated to external stimuli or demands. These phenomena, referred to as "spontaneous thought" (ST) and "mind wandering" (MW), have previously been linked with both costs and benefits. Current assessments of ST and MW have predominantly been conducted in the laboratory, whereas studies on the ecological validity of such lab-related constructs and their interrelations are rare. The current study examined the stability of ST dimensions assessed in the lab and their predictive value with respect to MW, repetitive negative thought (uncontrollable rumination, RUM), and affect in daily life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903742/can-you-un-ring-the-bell-a-qualitative-study-of-how-affect-influences-cancer-screening-decisions
#6
S Michelle Driedger, Gary Annable, Melissa Brouwers, Donna Turner, Ryan Maier
BACKGROUND: The belief that early detection is the best protection against cancer underlies cancer screening. Emerging research now suggests harms associated with early detection may sometimes outweigh the benefits. Governments, cancer agencies, and organizations that publish screening guidelines have found it is difficult to "un-ring the bell" on the message that "early detection is your best protection" because of its widespread communication and enduring resonance. This study explores affective factors-and their interplay with relevant analytical factors-in public/laypersons' decision making about cancer screening...
September 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902874/psychometric-properties-of-the-brisbane-burn-scar-impact-profile-in-adults-with-burn-scars
#7
Zephanie Tyack, Roy Kimble, Steven McPhail, Anita Plaza, Megan Simons
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the longitudinal validity, reproducibility, responsiveness and interpretability of the adult version of the Brisbane Burn Scar Impact Profile, a patient-report measure of health-related quality of life. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study of patients with or at risk of burn scarring was conducted at three assessment points (at baseline around the time of wound healing, one to two weeks post-baseline and 1-month post-baseline)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901691/psychodynamic-day-treatment-programme-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-dynamics-and-predictors-of-therapeutic-change
#8
Ondrej Pec, Petr Bob, Jan Pec, Adela Hrubcova
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether a psychodynamically based group psychotherapeutic programme might improve symptoms, social functions, or quality of life in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and to investigate factors that might predict clinical improvement or dropouts from the programme. DESIGN: A quantitative prospective cohort study. METHODS: We have investigated 81 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders who participated in a 9-month psychodynamically based psychotherapeutic day programme...
September 13, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888151/evaluation-of-the-ac-ok-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-screening-measure-in-an-international-sample-of-latino-immigrants
#9
Ligia M Chavez, Patrick E Shrout, Ye Wang, Francisco Collazos, Rodrigo Carmona, Margarita Alegría
BACKGROUND: Early detection and intervention in primary care is integral to behavioral health. Valid, practical screening assessments are scarce, particularly for non-English speaking populations. We address this need by evaluating the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the AC-OK Screen for Co-occurring Disorders for first and second generation immigrant Latinos in Massachusetts, USA, and Madrid and Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: 567 Latino participants were recruited in waiting areas of clinics or by referral from Primary Care, Mental Health, Substance Use, and HIV Treatment Clinics, as well as Community Agencies...
August 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887144/sheaf-theoretic-formulation-for-consciousness-and-qualia-and-relationship-to-the-idealism-of-non-dual-philosophies
#10
REVIEW
Menas C Kafatos, Goro C Kato
Questions about the nature of reality, whether Consciousness is the fundamental reality in the universe, and what is Consciousness itself, have no answer in systems that assume an external reality independent of Consciousness. Ultimately, the ontological foundation of such systems is the absolute division of subject and object. We advocate instead what we consider to be an approach that is in agreement with the foundation of quantum reality, which is based on Rāmānuja's version of Vedanta philosophy and non-dual Kashmir Śaivism...
September 5, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886128/psychological-distress-health-protection-and-sexual-practices-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-social-action-theory-to-guide-hiv-prevention-efforts
#11
Ian W Holloway, Dorian E Traube, Sheree M Schrager, Diane Tan, Shannon Dunlap, Michele D Kipke
The present study addresses gaps in the literature related to theory development for young men who have sex with men (YMSM) sexual practices through the application and modification of Social Action Theory. Data come from the Healthy Young Men study (N = 526), which longitudinally tracked a diverse cohort of YMSM ages 18-24 to characterize risk and protective factors associated with drug use and sexual practices. Structural equation modeling examined the applicability of, and any necessary modifications to a YMSM-focused version of Social Action Theory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871576/first-trimester-combined-screening-for-preeclampsia-and-small-for-gestational-age-a-single-centre-experience-and-validation-of-the-fmf-screening-algorithm
#12
Beatrice Mosimann, Chantal Pfiffner, Sofia Amylidi-Mohr, Lorenz Risch, Daniel Surbek, Luigi Raio
AIM OF THE STUDY: Preeclampsia (PE) is associated with severe maternal and fetal morbidity in the acute presentation and there is increasing evidence that it is also an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease later in life. Therefore, preventive strategies are of utmost importance. The Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) London recently developed a first trimester screening algorithm for placenta-related pregnancy complications, in particular early onset preeclampsia (eoPE) requiring delivery before 34 weeks, and preterm small for gestational age (pSGA), with a birth weight <5th percentile and delivery before 37 weeks of gestation, based on maternal history and characteristics, and biochemical and biophysical parameters...
September 5, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868087/use-of-shoulder-pacemaker-for-treatment-of-functional-shoulder-instability-proof-of-concept
#13
Philipp Moroder, Marvin Minkus, Elisabeth Böhm, Victor Danzinger, Christian Gerhardt, Markus Scheibel
BACKGROUND: Functional shoulder instability (polar type III) is caused by underactivity of rotator cuff and periscapular muscles, which leads to subluxation or dislocation during shoulder movement. While surgical treatment has shown no benefits, aggravates pain, and frequently diminishes function even further, conservative treatment is often ineffective as well. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the effectiveness of a "shoulder pacemaker" device that stimulates underactive muscles in patients with functional instability during shoulder movement in order to re-establish glenohumeral stability...
2017: Obere Extremität
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859710/the-effect-of-closed-septorhinoplasty-on-nasal-functions-and-on-external-and-internal-nasal-valves-a-prospective-study
#14
Giancarlo Pecorari, Giuseppe Riva, Francesca Antonella Bianchi, Giovanni Cavallo, Francesca Revello, Marco Bironzo, Laura Verzè, Massimiliano Garzaro, Guglielmo Ramieri
BACKGROUND: Because nasal function and shape are so closely intertwined, quantitative assessments can better define their relationship and how they are affected by septorhinoplasty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to perform an analysis of the nasal airflow resistances and a three-dimensional (3D) evaluation of the soft-tissue changes after closed septorhinoplasty. METHODS: Before surgery (T0) and 6 months after closed septorhinoplasty (T1), 30 patients underwent symptoms evaluation by means of the Italian version of the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation scale, endoscopic fiberoptic nasal examination, and visual analog scale for subjective assessment of nasal obstruction...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857560/multireference-density-functional-theory-with-generalized-auxiliary-systems-for-ground-and-excited-states
#15
Zehua Chen, Du Zhang, Ye Jin, Yang Yang, Neil Qiang Su, Weitao Yang
To describe static correlation, we develop a new approach to density functional theory (DFT), which uses a generalized auxiliary system that is of a different symmetry, such as particle number or spin, from that of the physical system. The total energy of the physical system consists of two parts: the energy of the auxiliary system, which is determined with a chosen density functional approximation (DFA), and the excitation energy from an approximate linear response theory that restores the symmetry to that of the physical system, thus rigorously leading to a multideterminant description of the physical system...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854589/use-of-the-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-assay-as-a-surrogate-for-polycystic-ovarian-morphology-impact-on-diagnosis-and-phenotypic-classification-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#16
Alice Fraissinet, Geoffroy Robin, Pascal Pigny, Tiphaine Lefebvre, Sophie Catteau-Jonard, Didier Dewailly
STUDY QUESTION: Does the use of the serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) assay to replace or complement ultrasound (U/S) affect the diagnosis or phenotypic distribution of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Combining U/S and the serum AMH assay to define polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM) diagnoses PCOS (according to the Rotterdam classification) in more patients than definitions using one or the other of these indicators exclusively. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Since 2003, PCOM, as defined by U/S, is one of the three diagnostic criteria for PCOS...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847027/applying-the-newman-peacock-prognostic-system-to-a-portuguese-obstetrical-population-a-useful-tool
#17
Rita Mendes Silva, Nuno Clode
Background External cephalic version (ECV) is a maneuver that enables the rotation of the non-cephalic fetus to a cephalic presentation. The Newman-Peacock (NP) index, which was proposed by Newman et al. in a study published in 1993, was described as a prediction tool of the success of this procedure; it was validated in a North-American population, and three prognostic groups were identified. Purpose To evaluate the value of the NP score for the prediction of a successful ECV in a Portuguese obstetrical population, and to evaluate maternal and fetal safety...
August 28, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845694/self-regulation-of-weight-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#18
Teresa Madeira, Isabel do Carmo, Henrique Bicha Castelo, Osvaldo Santos
Bariatric surgery is recognized as the most effective method for achieving relevant weight loss in subjects with severe obesity. However, there is insufficient knowledge about weight self-regulation and quality of motivation in these patients. The main goal of this study was to characterize the association between the percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) and the motivation to manage weight, at least 1 year after sleeve gastrectomy (SG). This is an observational longitudinal retrospective study. All patients corresponding to predefined inclusion criteria who underwent SG from January 2008 to July 2010 at a main general hospital were invited...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845167/validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms
#19
Seon-Kyeong Jang, Seon-Cheol Park, Kee-Hong Choi, Jung-Seo Yi, Joong-Kyu Park, Jung Suk Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS) has recently been developed to improve measurement of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. We performed a multi-center study to validate the Korean version of the CAINS (CAINS-K) and explore potential cultural variation. METHODS: One hundred eighty schizophrenia patients diverse in demographic and illness profile were recruited from four centers in Korea. Along with the CAINS-K, the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), a self-report measure of behavioral inhibition and activation (BIS/BAS) and neurocognitive tasks were administered to verify external validities...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843693/leukocyte-profile-gene-expression-acute-phase-response-and-metabolite-status-of-cows-with-sole-hemorrhages
#20
Keelin O'Driscoll, Matthew McCabe, Bernadette Earley
Sole hemorrhages result from disruption to normal claw horn formation and are caused by a variety of internal and external factors. Evidence suggests that they are painful, although they do not usually cause clinical lameness and are difficult to detect by observing cow gait. Little is known about how or whether sole hemorrhages affect the cow systemically. This study compared hematology profile, leukocyte gene expression, and physiological responses of cows with no/mild hemorrhages (category 1; n = 17), moderate hemorrhages (category 2; n = 18), and severe hemorrhages (category 3; n = 12)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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