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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643118/comparison-of-photon-organ-and-effective-dose-coefficients-for-pimal-stylized-phantom-in-bent-positions-in-standard-irradiation-geometries
#1
Shaheen Dewji, K Lisa Reed, Mauritius Hiller
Computational phantoms with articulated arms and legs have been constructed to enable the estimation of radiation dose in different postures. Through a graphical user interface, the Phantom wIth Moving Arms and Legs (PIMAL) version 4.1.0 software can be employed to articulate the posture of a phantom and generate a corresponding input deck for the Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) radiation transport code. In this work, photon fluence-to-dose coefficients were computed using PIMAL to compare organ and effective doses for a stylized phantom in the standard upright position with those for phantoms in realistic work postures...
June 22, 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628809/distrust-of-the-senses-and-its-association-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#2
Shiu F Wong, Alishia D Williams, Jessica R Grisham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Leading cognitive theories of OCD suggests that despite prevalent and persistent doubt, individuals with OCD do not have perceptual deficits. An alternate cognitive theory, the Seeking Proxies for Internal States hypothesis (SPIS), proposes that sensory distrust in OCD stems from actual deficits in accessing internal states. Consistent with the SPIS, previous research has found that high-OC individuals were less accurate than low-OC individuals in producing target levels of muscle tension in a biofeedback task and that OC symptoms were positively associated with reliance on an external proxy...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617044/translation-and-validation-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-coronary-revascularisation-outcome-questionnaire
#3
Siw A Lillevik, Sara Schroter, Tove A Hanssen
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires are increasingly used as outcome measures in research and clinical practice to assess treatment effectiveness in coronary heart disease (CHD) alongside traditional outcome measures. The Coronary Revascularisation Outcome Questionnaire (CROQ) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to evaluate health outcomes and HRQOL before and after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614761/associations-of-phthalates-exposure-with-attention-deficits-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-control-study-among-chinese-children
#4
Dan Hu, Yi-Xin Wang, Wen-Jing Chen, Yu Zhang, Hong-Hui Li, Li Xiong, Hui-Ping Zhu, Hong-Yan Chen, Song-Xu Peng, Zhi-Hua Wan, Yan Zhang, Yu-Kai Du
Researches on associations between phthalates exposure and child attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of urinary phthalates with ADHD, co-occurring oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), related symptoms and behavior problems among Chinese children. We enrolled 225 ADHD cases and 225 healthy controls aged 6-13 years old in Liuzhou, China. Each child provided repeated urine samples at 4 visits. Eight phthalate metabolites were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry...
June 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608121/a-prospective-phase-ii-trial-of-neoadjuvant-s-1-with-concurrent-hypofractionated-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-resectable-and-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#5
Keiichi Okano, Hironobu Suto, Minoru Oshima, Eri Maeda, Naoki Yamamoto, Keitaro Kakinoki, Hideki Kamada, Tsutomu Masaki, Shigeo Takahashi, Toru Shibata, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: The ideal neoadjuvant treatment protocol for patients with pancreatic cancer (PDAC) remains unclear. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant hypofractionated chemoradiotherapy with S-1 for patients with resectable (R) and borderline resectable (BR) PDAC. METHODS: Eligibility criteria included patients with R and BR PDAC, performance status 0-1, and age 20-85 years. Hypofractionated external-beam radiotherapy (30 Gy in 10 fractions) with concurrent S-1 (60 mg/m(2)) was delivered 5 days/week for 2 weeks prior to pancreatectomy...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606437/the-effect-of-price-on-surgeons-choice-of-implants-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-survey
#6
Amy S Wasterlain, Eitan Melamed, Ricardo Bello, Raj Karia, John T Capo
PURPOSE: Surgical costs are under scrutiny and surgeons are being held increasingly responsible for cost containment. In some instances, implants are the largest component of total procedure cost, yet previous studies reveal that surgeons' knowledge of implant prices is poor. Our study aims to (1) understand drivers behind implant selection and (2) assess whether educating surgeons about implant costs affects implant selection. METHODS: We surveyed 226 orthopedic surgeons across 6 continents...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604277/validation-of-schema-coping-inventory-and-schema-mode-inventory-in-adolescents
#7
Marjolein F van Wijk-Herbrink, Jeffrey Roelofs, Nick J Broers, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Arnoud Arntz, David P Bernstein
This study investigated whether the schema therapy constructs of schema coping and schema modes have validity in adolescents. We examined the validity and reliability of the Schema Coping Inventory (SCI) and an 80-item version of the Schema Mode Inventory (SMI) in a mixed sample of adolescents. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the first-order factor structures of the SCI and SMI were replicated, but that the hypothesized higher-order models of the SMI were not confirmed. Instead, we proposed an alternative higher-order model of Internalizing, Externalizing, Overachieving, and Healthy modes...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602058/development-and-evaluation-of-a-korean-version-of-a-thyroid-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire-scale-in-thyroid-cancer-patients
#8
Chang Hwan Ryu, Boram Park, Junsun Ryu, Youn Mi Ryu, Seong Ae Jo, You Jin Lee, Eun-Kyung Lee, Yul Hwangbo, Jungnam Joo, Yuh-Seog Jung
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean version of the self-reported thyroid specific quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for thyroid cancer patients (KT-QoL), and to evaluate its reliability and validity. Materials and Methods: Two hundred seventy-two patients who underwent thyroidectomy from January to December 2010 were recruited in this study. The original version of the Thyroid QoL (T-QoL) was translated into Korean and evaluated for its reliability and validity...
May 26, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600050/labor-induction-just-after-external-cephalic-version-with-epidural-analgesia-at-term
#9
Marcos J Cuerva, Carlos S Piñel, Javier Caceres, Jose A Espinosa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the benefits of external cephalic version (ECV) with epidural analgesia at term and labor induction just after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study with patients who did not want trying a breech vaginal delivery and decided trying an ECV with epidural analgesia at term and wanted labor induction or cesarean section after the procedure. We present the results of 40 ECV with epidural analgesia at term and labor induction or cesarean section just after the ECV...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594945/participatory-evaluation-of-delivery-of-animal-health-care-services-by-community-animal-health-workers-in-karamoja-region-of-uganda
#10
James Bugeza, Clovice Kankya, James Muleme, Ann Akandinda, Joseph Sserugga, Noelina Nantima, Edward Okori, Terence Odoch
AIM: An evaluation exercise was carried out to assess the performance of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) in the delivery of animal health care services in Karamoja region, identify capacity gaps and recommend remedial measures. MATERIALS & METHODS: Participatory methods were used to design data collection tools. Questionnaires were administered to 204 CAHWs, 215 farmers and 7 District Veterinary Officers (DVOs) to collect quantitative data. Seven DVOs and 1 Non Government Organization (NGO) representative were interviewed as key informants and one focus group discussion was conducted with a farmer group in Nakapiripirit to collect qualitative data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585589/use-of-polypharmacy-and-herbal-medication-on-quality-of-life-in-elderly-patients-at-okmeydani-hospital-s-polyclinics-in-istanbul-turkey
#11
Mehmet Ziya Gencer, Secil Arica
OBJECTIVE: To determine what should be done as a preventive medicine physician by analysing the effect of polypharmacy and herbal treatment. METHODS: This survey-based, cross-sectional study was carried out at Istanbul Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, from February to May 2015, and comprised patients using two or more medicines at full strength for at least 240 days. The patients were classified into two groups. Group A comprised those who were using less than 4 medications (at least 2), while group B comprised patients using more than 4 medications...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584004/vaginal-birth-after-two-previous-caesarean-deliveries-in-a-patient-with-uterus-didelphys-and-an-interuterine-septal-defect
#12
Njoki Ng'ang'a, Jonathan Ratzersdorfer, Yaakov Abdelhak
Uterus didelphys is a congenital abnormality characterised by double uteri, double cervices and a double or single vagina that affects 0.3% to 11% of the general female population. A 23-year-old woman, gravida 3 para 3003, with uterus didelphys, acquired an iatrogenic interuterine septal defect during an otherwise routine primary caesarean delivery for fetal malpresentation. The defect was repaired but noted to have dehisced during her second pregnancy. A repeat caesarean section was performed due to fetal malpresentation after an unsuccessful external cephalic version...
June 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580012/one-year-trajectory-analysis-for-adhd-symptoms-and-its-associated-factors-in-community-based-children-and-adolescents-in-taiwan
#13
Chia-Jui Tsai, Yi-Lung Chen, Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND: Several longitudinal studies have shown the partial symptomatic persistence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in clinic-based samples. However, little is known about the patterns and trajectories of ADHD symptoms in community-based populations. METHODS: To differentiate developmental trajectories of ADHD symptoms over 1 year, with a four-wave quarterly follow-up in children and adolescents in the community of Taiwan, we conducted this prospective study in 1281 students in grade 3, 5, and 8...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579628/a-review-of-intra-uterine-foetal-deaths-at-the-cape-coast-teaching-hospital
#14
Vincent Adjetey, Derek A Tuoyire, Adjoa B Bonsu
AIM: To estimate the rate of IUFD/Stillbirths (SB). STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of delivery suite records from Jan 1 2013 to Dec 31 2014. METHODS: Study was undertaken at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital (CCTH) in the Central region of Ghana. All pregnant women who had their babies at the delivery suite of CCTH have their records hand written in Ghana health service approved and distributed delivery records book. We identified all patients with IUFD/SB from this delivery suite record book which is kept on the delivery suite...
December 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576698/impact-of-shoulder-rotation-on-neck-shaft-angle-a-clinical-study
#15
J H Assunção, E A Malavolta, R A Beraldo, M E C Gracitelli, M Bordalo-Rodrigues, A A Ferreira Neto
BACKGROUND: Two recent experimental studies evaluated the influence of shoulder rotation on neck-shaft angle, with conflicting results. However, there have been no clinical studies of whether this angle varies in different shoulder positions. The present study aimed to determine whether shoulder rotation affects neck-shaft angle on standard radiographs in patients with complaints of shoulder pain. HYPOTHESIS: Shoulder rotation does not affect neck-shaft angle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in selected patients with shoulder pain...
May 30, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573537/derivation-of-new-equations-to-estimate-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#16
Vanessa E Millisor, Jessica K Roberts, Yilun Sun, Li Tang, Vinay M Daryani, David Gregornik, Shane J Cross, Deborah Ward, Jennifer L Pauley, Alejandro Molinelli, Rachel C Brennan, Clinton F Stewart
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Monitoring renal function is critical in treating pediatric patients, especially when dosing nephrotoxic agents. We evaluated the validity of the bedside Schwartz and Brandt equations in pediatric oncology patients and developed new equations for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted comparing eGFR using the bedside Schwartz and Brandt equations to measured GFR (mGFR) from technetium-99m diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA) between January 2007 and August 2013...
June 2, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572999/ageing-and-agency-age-related-changes-in-susceptibility-to-illusory-experiences-of-control
#17
Maria Cristina Cioffi, Gianna Cocchini, Michael J Banissy, James W Moore
Sense of agency (SoAg) is the feeling of control over one's actions and their effects. It can be augmented or attenuated by internal signals and by external cues. Research has shown a reduction in the SoAg in older adulthood, but the reasons behind this change remain unclear. We investigated agency processing differences that may underpin age-related changes in SoAg. Using a modified version of a vicarious agency paradigm, we tested the modulation of SoAg by manipulating external situational agency cues in younger and older adults...
May 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571991/short-communication-use-of-fecal-starch-concentration-as-an-indicator-of-dry-feed-digestion-in-preweaned-dairy-calves
#18
T S Dennis, W Hu, F X Suarez-Mena, T M Hill, J D Quigley, R L Schlotterbeck
Fecal starch (FS) has been used as a tool to evaluate starch and diet digestibility in lactating dairy cows and feedlot steers. Some on-farm advisors also use FS to evaluate calf starter digestibility in preweaned dairy calves. Our objective was to evaluate the influence of starter intake (SI), starch and organic matter digestibility, milk replacer (MR) feeding rate, and age on FS concentrations in preweaned dairy calves. Male Holstein calves (43 ± 2.9 kg of body weight; n = 35) from a single farm were fed different amounts of MR ranging from 0...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567567/translation-adaptation-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-female-sexual-function-index-into-spanish-colombia
#19
Pablo Vallejo-Medina, Claudia Pérez-Durán, Alejandro Saavedra-Roa
The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) subjectively explores the dimensions of female sexual functioning. This research undertook to adapt and validate the FSFI to Spanish language in a Colombian sample. To this effect, this study was conducted in two steps, namely: (1) cultural adaptation of the scale with the collaboration of seven experts; and (2) preliminary validation of the scale in a sample of 925 participants. Reliability indices were appropriate in this sample, and external validity in relation to other measures showed significant relationships...
May 31, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553252/validating-the-italian-version-of-the-disgust-and-propensity-scale-revised
#20
Riccardo M Martoni, Paola M V Rancoita, Clelia Di Serio, Chiara Brombin
The aim of this work is to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Disgust Propensity and Sensitivity Scale-Revised (DPSS-R, 16 items) in two samples taken from the general population. In the first study, 285 participants completed the DPSS-R questionnaire through a web-based survey. Exploratory factor analysis for ordinal Likert-type data supported the existence of four underlying factors, reflecting self-focused disgust, disgust propensity, somatic anxiety and disgust sensitivity...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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