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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775226/moxibustion-for-cephalic-version-of-breech-presentation
#1
REVIEW
Judith M Schlaeger, Cynthia L Stoffel, Jeanie L Bussell, Hui Yan Cai, Miho Takayama, Hiroyoshi Yajima, Nobuari Takakura
Moxibustion, a form of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is the burning of the herb moxa (Folium Artemisiae argyi or mugwort) over acupuncture points. It is often used in China to facilitate cephalic version of breech presentation. This article reviews the history, philosophy, therapeutic use, possible mechanisms of action, and literature pertaining to its use for this indication. For moxibustion, moxa can be rolled into stick form, placed directly on the skin, or placed on an acupuncture needle and ignited to warm acupuncture points...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773967/stochastic-contagion-models-without-immunity-their-long-term-behaviour-and-the-optimal-level-of-treatment
#2
Raimund M Kovacevic
In this paper we analyze two stochastic versions of one of the simplest classes of contagion models, namely so-called SIS models. Several formulations of such models, based on stochastic differential equations, have been recently discussed in literature, mainly with a focus on the existence and uniqueness of stationary distributions. With applicability in view, the present paper uses the Fokker-Planck equations related to SIS stochastic differential equations, not only in order to derive basic facts, but also to derive explicit expressions for stationary densities and further characteristics related to the asymptotic behaviour...
2018: Central European Journal of Operations Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766744/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-the-german-version-of-the-clinician-administered-ptsd-scale-for-dsm-5
#3
Meike Müller-Engelmann, Ulrich Schnyder, Clara Dittmann, Kathlen Priebe, Martin Bohus, Janine Thome, Thomas Fydrich, Monique C Pfaltz, Regina Steil
The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) is a widely used diagnostic interview for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Following fundamental modifications in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition ( DSM-5), the CAPS had to be revised. This study examined the psychometric properties (internal consistency, interrater reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and structural validity) of the German version of the CAPS-5 in a trauma-exposed sample ( n = 223 with PTSD; n =51 without PTSD)...
May 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764692/combined-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-and-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-clinically-localised-prostate-cancer
#4
Iosif Strouthos, Georgios Chatzikonstantinou, Nikolaos Zamboglou, Natasa Milickovic, Sokratis Papaioannou, Dimitra Bon, Constantinos Zamboglou, Claus Rödel, Dimos Baltas, Nikolaos Tselis
PURPOSE: To report the clinical outcomes and treatment-related toxicities after combined high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy (BRT) with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for patients with clinically localised high-risk prostate cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2012, three hundred and three consecutive patients with organ-confined high-risk prostate cancer were treated with definitive radiotherapy consisting of HDR-BRT followed by supplemental EBRT. The transrectal 3D-ultrasound-based HDR-BRT boost consisted of two single-fraction implants of 10...
May 12, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762283/five-to-ten-year-outcomes-of-operatively-treated-scapular-fractures
#5
Joscelyn M Tatro, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Lisa K Schroder, Peter A Cole
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the 5 to 10-year clinical and patient-reported functional outcomes after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of intra-articular and extra-articular scapular fractures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on 106 patients who underwent ORIF of a scapular fracture at a single level-I trauma center between January 2005 and December 2010. Eight patients were excluded from the study because they had either severe neurologic injury or an isolated process fracture, and 66 patients (37 with an isolated extra-articular fracture and 29 with an intra-articular fracture) participated in the 5 to 10-year follow-up, yielding a follow-up rate of 67%...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756355/development-and-validation-of-a-high-quality-composite-real-world-mortality-endpoint
#6
Melissa D Curtis, Sandra D Griffith, Melisa Tucker, Michael D Taylor, William B Capra, Gillis Carrigan, Ben Holzman, Aracelis Z Torres, Paul You, Brandon Arnieri, Amy P Abernethy
OBJECTIVE: To create a high-quality electronic health record (EHR)-derived mortality dataset for retrospective and prospective real-world evidence generation. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Oncology EHR data, supplemented with external commercial and US Social Security Death Index data, benchmarked to the National Death Index (NDI). STUDY DESIGN: We developed a recent, linkable, high-quality mortality variable amalgamated from multiple data sources to supplement EHR data, benchmarked against the highest completeness U...
May 14, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753478/short-communication-development-of-an-equation-for-estimating-methane-emissions-of-dairy-cows-from-milk-fourier-transform-mid-infrared-spectra-by-using-reference-data-obtained-exclusively-from-respiration-chambers
#7
A Vanlierde, H Soyeurt, N Gengler, F G Colinet, E Froidmont, M Kreuzer, F Grandl, M Bell, P Lund, D W Olijhoek, M Eugène, C Martin, B Kuhla, F Dehareng
Evaluation and mitigation of enteric methane (CH4 ) emissions from ruminant livestock, in particular from dairy cows, have acquired global importance for sustainable, climate-smart cattle production. Based on CH4 reference measurements obtained with the SF6 tracer technique to determine ruminal CH4 production, a current equation permits evaluation of individual daily CH4 emissions of dairy cows based on milk Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectra. However, the respiration chamber (RC) technique is considered to be more accurate than SF6 to measure CH4 production from cattle...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753335/external-beam-planning-module-of-eclipse-for-external-beam-radiation-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Cheng B Saw, SiCong Li, Frank Battin, Janice McKeague, Christopher A Peters
Eclipse is a 3-dimensional (3D) treatment planning system for radiation therapy offered by Varian Medical Systems, Inc. The system has the network connectivity for the electronic transfer of image datasets and digital data communication among different equipment. The scope of this project for this special issue of Medical Dosimetry on 3D treatment planning systems is the assessment of planning tools in the external beam planning module of Eclipse to generate optimized treatment plans for patients undergoing external beam radiation therapy...
July 2018: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747241/stiripentol-add-on-therapy-for-focal-refractory-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the Cochrane review last published in 2015 (Issue 10). For nearly 30% of people with epilepsy, seizures are not controlled by current treatments. Stiripentol is a new antiepileptic drug (AED) that was developed in France and was approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in 2007 for the treatment of Dravet syndrome as an adjunctive therapy with valproate and clobazam, with promising effects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of stiripentol as add-on treatment for people with focal refractory epilepsy who are taking AEDs...
May 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741962/the-multiple-sclerosis-work-difficulties-questionnaire-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-to-turkish-and-assessment-of-validity-and-reliability
#10
Turhan Kahraman, Asiye Tuba Özdoğar, Cynthia Alison Honan, Özge Ertekin, Serkan Özakbaş
PURPOSE: To linguistically and culturally adapt the Multiple Sclerosis Work Difficulties Questionnaire-23 (MSWDQ-23) for use in Turkey, and to examine its reliability and validity. METHODS: Following standard forward-back translation of the MSWDQ-23, it was administered to 124 people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Validity was evaluated using related outcome measures including those related to employment status and expectations, disability level, fatigue, walking, and quality of life...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734111/a-pernicious-cycle-finding-the-pathways-from-child-maltreatment-to-adolescent-peer-victimization
#11
Dalhee Yoon, Susan Yoon, Jiho Park, Miyoung Yoon
The purpose of this study was to identify the pathways from childhood physical and sexual abuse to adolescent physical and sexual victimization by assessing behavior symptoms (both internalizing and externalizing) and peer popularity as potential mediating variables. The data derive from Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN), which tracks the consequences of child abuse and neglect using five study sites across the US. Child physical and sexual abuse was measured at age 12 using self-reports of life-time maltreatment experiences...
May 4, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733493/prediction-of-short-term-prognosis-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-validation-of-the-riete-score
#12
E Jaquet, T Tritschler, O Stalder, A Limacher, M Méan, N Rodondi, D Aujesky
INTRODUCTION: The RIETE score was derived to identify patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) at low risk of overall complications. OBJECTIVE: To externally validated the RIETE score and compared its prognostic performance to the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), its simplified version (sPESI), and the Geneva Prognostic Score (GPS). METHODS: In a prospective multicenter cohort, we studied 687 elderly patients with acute PE. The primary outcome was 10-day overall complications (death, recurrent PE, or major bleeding), the secondary outcome was 30-day overall mortality...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732342/determining-changes-in-electromyography-indices-when-measuring-maximum-acceptable-weight-of-lift-in-iranian-male-students
#13
A Salehi Sahl Abadi, A Mazloumi, G Nasl Saraji, H Zeraati, M R Hadian, A H Jafari
Background: In spite of the increasing degree of automation in industry, manual material handling (MMH) is still performed in many occupational settings. The aim of the current study was to determine the maximum acceptable weight of lift using psychophysical and electromyography indices. Methods: This experimental study was conducted among 15 male students recruited from Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Each participant performed 18 different lifting tasks which involved three lifting frequencies, three lifting heights and two box sizes...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731998/development-of-novel-monoclonal-antibodies-against-cd109-overexpressed-in-human-pancreatic-cancer
#14
Gustavo A Arias-Pinilla, Angus G Dalgleish, Satvinder Mudan, Izhar Bagwan, Anthony J Walker, Helmout Modjtahedi
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive and lethal types of cancer, and more effective therapeutic agents are urgently needed. Overexpressed cell surface antigens are ideal targets for therapy with monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based drugs, but none have been approved for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Here, we report development of two novel mouse mAbs, KU42.33C and KU43.13A, against the human pancreatic cancer cell line BxPC-3. Using ELISA, flow cytometry, competitive assay and immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometry, we discovered that these two mAbs target two distinct epitopes on the external domain of CD109 that are overexpressed by varying amounts in human pancreatic cancer cell lines...
April 13, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727462/a-chinese-version-of-the-language-screening-test-clast-for-early-stage-stroke-patients
#15
Hongyan Yang, Shenghua Tian, Constance Flamand-Roze, Ling Gao, Wei Zhang, Yan Li, Jiajia Wang, Zhou Sun, Ying Su, Libin Zhao, Zhihou Liang
There is a severe lack of aphasia screening tools for bedside use in Chinese. A number of aphasia assessment tools have recently been developed abroad, but some of these scales were not suitable for patients with acute stroke. The Language Screening Test (which includes two parallel versions [a/b]) in French has been proven to be an effective and time-saving aphasia screening scale for early-stage stroke patients. Therefore, we worked out a Chinese version of the LAST taking into consideration Chinese language and culture...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725166/caregiver-burden-among-caregivers-of-mentally-ill-individuals-and-their-coping-mechanisms
#16
Sujata Chodankar Walke, Varalakshmi Chandrasekaran, Shreemathi S Mayya
Background: During a given year, almost 30% of the people around the world are affected by mentally ill health. In India, it accounts for about 20%. Caregivers face a lot of strain, ill health, and disrupted family life, with literature suggesting an increasing concern about their ability to cope up. The needs of caregivers of the mentally ill are given low priority in the current health-care setting in India. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the burden of caregivers of mentally ill individuals and their coping mechanisms...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720582/author-correction-a-mechanistic-framework-for-auxin-dependent-arabidopsis-root-hair-elongation-to-low-external-phosphate
#17
Rahul Bhosale, Jitender Giri, Bipin K Pandey, Ricardo F H Giehl, Anja Hartmann, Richard Traini, Jekaterina Truskina, Nicola Leftley, Meredith Hanlon, Kamal Swarup, Afaf Rashed, Ute Voß, Jose Alonso, Anna Stepanova, Jeonga Yun, Karin Ljung, Kathleen M Brown, Jonathan P Lynch, Liam Dolan, Teva Vernoux, Anthony Bishopp, Darren Wells, Nicolaus von Wirén, Malcolm J Bennett, Ranjan Swarup
The original version of this Article omitted the following from the Acknowledgements: 'We also thank DBT-CREST BT/HRD/03/01/2002.' This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.
May 2, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717128/author-correction-rice-auxin-influx-carrier-osaux1-facilitates-root-hair-elongation-in-response-to-low-external-phosphate
#18
Jitender Giri, Rahul Bhosale, Guoqiang Huang, Bipin K Pandey, Helen Parker, Susan Zappala, Jing Yang, Anne Dievart, Charlotte Bureau, Karin Ljung, Adam Price, Terry Rose, Antoine Larrieu, Stefan Mairhofer, Craig J Sturrock, Philip White, Lionel Dupuy, Malcolm Hawkesford, Christophe Perin, Wanqi Liang, Benjamin Peret, Charlie T Hodgman, Jonathan Lynch, Matthias Wissuwa, Dabing Zhang, Tony Pridmore, Sacha J Mooney, Emmanuel Guiderdoni, Ranjan Swarup, Malcolm J Bennett
The original version of this Article omitted the following from the Acknowledgements:'We also thank DBT-CREST BT/HRD/03/01/2002.'This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.
May 1, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713437/comparison-of-implant-component-fractures-in-external-and-internal-type-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#19
Yuseung Yi, Jai-Young Koak, Seong-Kyun Kim, Shin-Jae Lee, Seong-Joo Heo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the fracture of implant component behavior of external and internal type of implants to suggest directions for successful implant treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the clinical records of all patients who received WARANTEC implants at Seoul National University Dental Hospital from February 2002 to January 2014 for 12 years. Total number of implants was 1,289 and an average of 3.2 implants was installed per patient...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707673/phytochemical-analysis-and-docking-study-of-compounds-present-in-a-polyherbal-preparation-used-in-the-treatment-of-dermatophytosis
#20
Nagesh Simhadri Vsdna, Muthuchamy Muniappan, Iyanar Kannan, Subramanyam Viswanathan
Background and Purpose: Soleshine is a polyherbal preparation established in the market for the treatment of cracks and tinea pedis, which is applied externally. This preparation is composed of the extracts of indigenous plants, namely Azadirachta indica, Lawsonia alba, and Shorea robusta , mixed with castor oil and sesame oil. In the present study, an attempt was made to identify the constituents of soleshine and identify some potential drug-like molecules that can inhibit important drug targets of the dermatophytes using molecular docking method...
December 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
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